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A transmission shaft bedded on two rolling bearing (A) and (D), power of 20 Hp is

received by pulley (C) whose diameter = 650 mm, at a speed of 200 r.p.m. and
transferred to a straight toothed 20-deg. Pressure angle spur gear (B) a pitch diameter =
300 mm. The pulley weights 100 kg and the gear weights 50 kg. Both the gear and pulley
are held to the shaft by a profiled key. The shaft is machined from alloy steel,

. The belt tension ratio is

T2

Pulley C
D

Gear B

T1

FR
Ft

Determine the following:


1. The shaft diameter required for a factor of safety (kb = 1.5).
2. Select the suitable rolling bearing A & D.
3. Submit a complete design drawing of the shaft. Your drawing must include:
a. Bearing A & D and its fixation.
b. Gear B and its fixation to the shaft.
c. Pulley C and its fixation to the shaft.
4. Design of a flat belt pulley. T = 55 kg /cm. (leather belt)

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Solution
1. Shaft design:
a- Force analysis on the shaft:
i. Gear (B):

and
Gear B

FR = 174 kg
Shaft

Ft= 477.5 kg
50 kg
ii. Pulley (C):
(1)
(

(2)

From Eqns. (1) and (2)


and

and
Pulley C

T2
=

T1

Shaft
100 kg
100 kg

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Horizontal plane
174 kg
A

Vertical plane
427.5 kg

441 kg

12

15

10

10

Calculate the reaction forces:

100 kg
C

15

12

Calculate the reaction forces:

Calculate the bending moment Mb:


MbA = MbD = 0

Calculate the bending moment Mb:


MbA = MbD = 0

Calculate the resultant bending moment MbR:


MbAR = MbDR = 0
(

Calculate the equivalent moment Meq:


( )

Shaft diameters:
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Take

Take

Take

Bearing Design:
Select the suitable rolling bearing A & D.
From Table at shaft diameter at bearing element at point A & D, take bearing type is
Single Raw Deep Grove Ball Bearing with Dimensions Series 03 and shaft diameter 40
mm.
Outside Dia. D = 90 mm, width = B = 23 mm, C 0 = 5020 Ib and C =
7040 Ib
At Fa = 0 then X = 1 and Y = 0
The equivalent load P:

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take Fs = 1.5

)
)

]
( )

Bearing life =

Where k = 3 for bearing type is ball bearing


(

We can see that the bearing life at point A and D less than 20000 hr, the design can't be
safe design, and then we can change the bearing
speed or changed bearing type.

Belt Design:
The permissible tension for the (leather belt) T =
55 kg /cm.
Where: the tensions on the other side of the belt
are:
and
The width of the belt required:
Take the belt width b
= 7 cm
Width of the pulley:

S = 0.005D + 8 mm = 0.005650 + 8 = 11.25 mm


d1 = (1.8 2)d = 2 45 = 90 mm
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, a = 0.5h = 0.5 12.75 = 6.4 mm


,

L = 1.5 d = 67.5 mm
y = 1.5 mm from table at B = 90 mm
Key Design:
From Table for feather key at dsh = 45 mm,
The key dimensions are b = 14 mm, t = 9 mm, t2 = 5.5 mm, t1 = 3.5 mm, L = 45 mm.
Shear stress calculated:

Crashing stress calculated:

-:
.( key)

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