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Toronto Transit Commission

CONTRACT A29-1

Section 01 40 00
QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
Page 1

DEFINITIONS

1.1

Quality Assurance (QA): All planned and systematic activities implemented within the
Quality Program and demonstrated as needed, to provide adequate confidence that
Products or services will fulfill the contractual requirements for quality.

1.2

Quality Control (QC): Operational techniques and activities that are used to fulfill
requirements for quality.

1.3

Quality Manual: A document setting out the scope of the TYSSE Quality Management
Program including instructions for those sections that must be included in Quality Plans

1.4

Quality Plan: A document setting out the specific quality practices, resources and
sequence of activities relevant to the Contract.

1.5

Quality Program: The co-ordinated execution of applicable QA and QC plan's and activities
for a project.

CONTRACTOR'S QUALITY PROGRAM

2.1

The Contractor shall provide a Quality Program comprising Quality Control and Quality
Assurance planning, implementation and record keeping. The Quality Program shall
address all phases of the Work, including temporary works design and construction,
materials procurement and construction.

2.2

The Quality Program shall include the following principles:


.1

The required quality and the means of achieving it shall be defined .

.2

All units of the organization and subcontractors working on the Project shall be committed
to the quality program.

.3

Organizational responsibilities shall be defined and understood .

.4

Personnel shall be competent at the Work they do.

.5

Individuals shall be held accountable for their Work .

.6

Relevant experience shall be sought and used .

.7

Work shall be planned and controlled .

.8

The documented items, processes, and practices shall be used .

.9

Work shall be verified to confirm that it is correct. Those who verify Work shall be
sufficiently qualified and shall do so independently from those who perform or install the
Work .

.10

Deficiencies shall be identified and remedied .

.11

The root cause of deficiencies shall be determined and corrected.

Section 01 40 00
QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
Page2

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

.12

Changes to Quality Program items, processes, and practices shall be documented,


controlled and acceptable to the Commission's Representative .

. 13

Essential records, including records required by the Contract shall be maintained; and

.14

Periodic assessment of the Quality Assurance program effectiveness shall be conducted by


the Contractor's management team.

2.3

The Contractor's Quality Program shall be described in a Quality Plan in a manner


generally consistent with the IS09001: 2000 Quality System model.

2.4

At a minimum each Contractor's Quality Plan shall include the following categories
describing the Contractor's commitment to and procedures covering:
.1

Quality Management System:


.1

.2

Management responsibility:
.1
.2
.3
.4

.3

Provision of Resources .
Human Resources .
Infrastructure .
Work Environment.

Product Realization:
.1
.2
.3
.4
.5

.5

Management Commitment.
Customer Focus .
Quality Planning .
Responsibility, Authority, Communication .

Resource Management:
.1
.2
.3
.4

.4

Document Control.

Construction Planning including Work Method Statements .


Design and Development (items designed by the Contractor or its Subcontractors).
Purchasing .
Production and Service Provision .
Control of Monitoring and Measuring Devices .

Measuring, Analysis and Improvement:


.1
.2
.3
.4

Monitoring and Measuring (including Inspection, Materials Sampling and Testing) .


Control of Non Conformance .
Analysis of Data .
Improvement.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

2.5

Section 01 40 00
QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
Pagel

The Contractor's deliverables under the Quality Program shall include, but not be limited to,
the following services and deliverables. Work is not to start on Site until such time that
these Documents have been submitted to the satisfaction of the Commission's
Representative .
.1

A Quality Plan written specifically and utilized by the Contractor for the Project.

.2

An Inspection and Testing Plan covering all activities, (including materials sampling,
development of mock-ups and testing) for which Quality Control is required .

.3

Quality Control Inspection, surveillance, monitoring and clear documentation that the Work
is provided in conformance with the Contract and the Quality Plan .

.4

Specifying the appropriate level of accepted standards (ISO, CSA, ASTM, etc.)
programs/requirements to be implemented during provision of the Work where these are
not defined in the Contract Documents .

.5

Communicating all deviations from the Quality Plan to the Commission's Represer.tative as
they occur and following up with corrective actions .

.6

Carrying out on Site inspections, monitoring and reviewing the quality of workmanship,
reviewing materials testing and Inspection reports, undertaking required surveying,
measuring, and verification of materials and construction methods to ensure conformance
with the Contract Documents .

.7

Notifying the Commission's Representative of any deficiencies in the Work identified by the
Contractor's quality control inspection, monitoring and reviews, and the resolutions
proposed or implemented in each case.

2.6

Within thirty (30) business days of the Notification of Award, the Contractor shall submit in
accordance with Section 01 33 00, the draft "Quality Plan" for review by the Commission's
Representative.

2. 7

The Commission's Representative shall have the right of review and comment on the
Quality Plan as a condition of acceptance for use on the Project. The Commission's
Representative will return reviewed comments. Incorporate the review comments and
submit the final version of the Quality Plan within twenty-one (21) calendar days.

2.8

The Commission's Representative's review of the Quality Plan does not relieve the
Contractor, its suppliers and subcontractors from their responsibility for the completion of
the finished Work and the processes necessary to construct the finished Work in
accordance with the Contract Documents and the Quality Program.

2.9

The Quality Plan, once accepted for use on the Project, will be considered to describe
procedures and control processes that are essential to complete the finished Work.
Modifications to the Quality Plan must be acceptable to the Commission's Representative
and must be controlled and communicated to all affected personnel.
Procedures,
processes and Work instructions described in the Quality Plan shall be subject to
monitoring and audit by the Commission's Representative in the same manner as items of
finished Work.

Section 01 40 00
QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
Page4

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

2.10

The Contractor shall carry out Work planning, implementation and measurement activities
in accordance with procedures and Work instructions where these are components of the
Quality Plan. The Contractor shall evaluate all construction Work activities (including safety
and environmental protection components) and ascertain whether written procedures and
Work instructions are necessary to control these activities in order to assure that the
Contract requirements will be met.

WORK METHOD STATEMENTS

3.1

Submit a Work Method Statement (WMS) for each major activity. Submit the Work Method
Statement (WMS) at least twenty-one (21) days prior to the commencement of Work
affected by the WMS, to the Commission's Representative for review and comment.

3.2

The Work Method Statement shall include the following items:

3.3

.1

Outline of a safe method of Work for a specific job as a means of planning and controlling
the Work.

.2

Hazard identification and control.

.3

Schedule of Work .

.4

Material details including hazardous details - certificates, MSDS .

.5

Equipment details and maintenance - certificates .

.6

Personnel and workforce- details of persons responsible, training requirements, etc.

.7

Quality- Inspection and Test Plan (ITP) and relevant checklists .

.8

Mock-ups as required by relevant technical Sections of the Specifications .

.9

Safety - PPE, Permits to Work, etc.

. 10

Environmental protection requirements .

.11

Drawings as necessary relevant to the Work activity.

.12

Specifications I Standards I Code of Practice.

.13

Anticipated Problem Areas .

.14

Definitions I Glossary.

.15

Miscellaneous.
Modifications to the Work Method Statement must be acceptable to the Commission's
Representative and must be controlled and communicated to all affected personnel.
Procedures, processes and Work instructions described by the Work Method Statement
shall be subject to monitoring and audit by the Commission's Representative in the same
manner as items of finished Work.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Section 01 40 00
QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
PageS

QUALITY MANAGER AND QUALITY CONTROL PERSONNEL

4.1

The Contractor shall appoint a full time Quality Manager for the Contract. Submit Quality
Manager qualifications for review by the Commission. The duties of the Quality Manager
are independent of and play no role in the Work production to which Quality Control
activities are applied. The Quality Manager shall be empowered to carry out duties and to
require conformance to the quality standards and requirements set out in the Contract
Documents. The Quality Manager shall not be a subordinate to the Construction
Manager/Superintendent

4.2

The Quality Manager shall have approximately ten {10} years relevant experience in
carrying out a similar role on projects of equivalent scope to the satisfaction of the
Commission's Representative.

4.3

Quality Control personnel shall be independent of production personnel.

4.4

The Quality Manager is a key liaison person with the Commission's Representative on all
matters pertaining to quality requirements on the Contract.

AUDIT AND SURVEILLANCE OF QUALITY PROGRAM AND WORK

5.1

All Contractor quality management activities on the Contract, as well as those QC activities
undertaken by sub-consultants, Subcontractors, suppliers, manufacturers and fabricators
working on behalf of the Contractor, are subject to auditing and surveillance by the
Commission's Representative.
Co-operate with the Commission's Representative
undertaking these activities, including providing access to all Work areas (suppliers/storage,
off site manufacturing and fabrication, on Site construction) and provision of all requested
quality related documentation (e.g. supplier's/manufacturer's specifications, standards and
operations/maintenance manuals, test results, QC inspection and surveillance reports).

5.2

The Commission's Representative may determine the acceptability of Work items by


inspection or by witnessing of Contractor Quality Control tests and inspections or by a
combination of each at the Commission's Representative's discretion. Co-operate with the
Commission's Representative undertaking these activities, including providing access to all
Work areas (suppliers/storage, off Site manufacturing and fabrication, on Site construction}
and provision of all requested quality related documentation (e.g. supplier's/manufacturer's
specifications, standards and operations/maintenance manuals, test results, QC inspection
and surveillance reports}.

5.3

The Commission's Representative shall provide reports of its surveillance of Contractor


activities for action. Non-conformance identified in Commission's Audit and
surveillance/inspection/monitoring reports shall be treated as non-conforming under the
Contractor's Quality Program and shall be subject to analysis, resolution and
corrective/preventative action under the Quality Program.

Section 01 40 00
QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
Page6

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

5.4

The Commission may appoint an independent company to carry out materials inspection
and testing of the Work for conformance to the Contract Documents. Such costs for
inspection and testing will be paid by the Commission. However, the Commission may
carry out inspections at an increased frequency if in the opinion of the Commission's
Representative the implementation of the Contractor's Quality Program is failing to deliver
Work meeting specified requirements. Any additional inspection and testing due to nonconformance of the Work or to Contractor's Quality Program shall be at the Contractor's
expense. Co-operate with and provide sufficient notification, access and assistance as
required for inspection and testing personnel appointed by the Commission to carry out
their duties.

5.5

The Commission's Representative will have the right to order cessation of specific work
activities where persistent or severe violations of quality control processes are resulting in,
or in the opinion of the Commission's Representative, may result in Work not meeting the
specified requirements. A decision to order cessation of specific Work activities will be
made in the judgment of the Commission's Representative and all costs, delay to the
affected Work activity or subsequent Work activities resulting from the cessation shall be at
the Contractor's risk and expense. The Commission's Representative may lift the order of
cessation when the Commission's Representative is satisfied that the Contractor has
planned and implemented adequate corrective and preventative actions that the process
violations will not recur and any deficiency in the finished Work occasioned thereby has
been resolved.

INTEGRATION OF SUBCONTRACTOR, SUPPLIER QUALITY PLANS

6.1

It is the Contractor's responsibility to integrate the Quality Plans of sub-consultants,


Subcontractors, suppliers, manufacturers and fabricators that are providing Work on the
Contract on behalf of the Contractor into the Quality Program.

6.2

Subcontractor Quality Programs that are inconsistent with the structure and objectives of
the Contractor's Quality Program as defined in paragraph 2.3 will not be accepted.

6.3

Subcontractors and suppliers with no documented Quality Program shall be included under
the Contractor's Quality Program in the same manner as direct employees of the
Contractor.

INSPECTION AND TESTING BY CONTRACTOR

7.1

Develop and implement as part of the Quality Program, Inspection and Test Plan(s}
covering all activities for which Quality Control is required under the Contract. Include test
frequency, number or size of samples required for testing, inspection frequency, hold
points, witness points, authorities within the Contractor's Quality Program and external
authorities required to release Work to next stage as applicable. The Inspection and Test
Plan(s} shall form part of the Contractor's commitment and procedures for Monitoring and
Measuring under the Quality Plan.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Section 0140 00
QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
Page7

7.2

The Contractor shall carry out all inspection and testing as required by the Contract
Documents, statutes, regulations, by-laws, standards or codes or any other jurisdictional
authority. Provide appropriate information in the Inspection and Test Plan and give the
Commission's Representative timely notice of the readiness for inspection, date and time
for such inspection for attendance and witnessing by the Commission's Representative.
The attendance by the Commission's Representative or his agents at inspection and
witness points shall be as determined by the Commission's Representative. Nonattendance by the Commission's Representative at quality control inspection points shall
not be construed to indicate acceptance of the Work.

7.3

The Contractor shall engage an independent testing company to carry out all field and
laboratory quality control and assurance tests. The independent testing company shall
maintain current certification by CCIL (Canadian Council of Independent Laboratories)
and/or CSA (Canadian Standards Association), or other testing company as appropriate to
the testing performed.

7.4

Personnel conducting field sampling and field and laboratory tests shall carry current
personal certification from a Canadian certifying authority appropriate to the testing being
performed.

7.5

As a minimum all inspection and testing shall be in accordance with "City of Toronto
Inspector Frequency" appended to this Section as Section 01 40 00 Appendix. The
Contractor shall be responsible for all Inspector, QA Consultant, Project Engineer and
Manager Roles as defined in this document as part of the Contractor's Quality Program.

7.6

Where required, City of Toronto (City) may perform Inspection for acceptance purposes of
roadwork and drainage Work on all City property during the Contract. Co-operate with and
provide sufficient notification to the City, access and assistance as required for City
inspection personnel to carry out their duties. Provide copies of all materials, testing
results, engineering certifications and other Quality Control documents related to end
products to City inspection personnel.

7. 7

Where required, York University or their representatives (York) may perform Inspection for
acceptance purposes of roadwork and drainage Work on all York University property during
the Contract. Co-operate with and provide sufficient notification to York, access and
assistance as required for York inspection personnel to carry out their duties. Provide
copies of all materials, testing results, engineering certifications and other Quality Control
documents related to end products to York inspection personnel

DEFECTIVE PRODUCTS

8.1

Products which do not conform to the requirements of the Contract shall be considered as
defective and shall be removed and replaced with acceptable Products at no cost to the
Commission. Defective Products which have been corrected shall not be used until the
Commission's Representative has reviewed them for conformance.

Section 01 40 00
QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
PageS

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

8.2

The method of disposition of any Work that is identified as being in non-conformance with
the Contract Documents shall be as reviewed and accepted by the Commission's
Representative, and shall be subject to segregation, quarantine, marking, tagging, etc., by
the Contractor, as is necessary to identify it in contrast to acceptable parts of the Work. All
Work subject to disposition of "Repair", "Re-work" or "Use-as-is" action will be reviewed by
the Commission's Representative and may be released only upon written acceptance by
the Commission's Representative.

TEMPORARY WORKS HANDOVER INSPECTION

9.1

An inspection or inspections at which the Contractor will demonstrate the satisfactory


condition of all temporary works to be handed over to others, including safety and security
arrangements and compliance with all relevant technical specifications, to the
Commission's Representative in the presence of the interfacing (receiving) contractor.

9.2

The Temporary Works Handover Inspection will be arranged by the Commission's


Representative and will be repeated as necessary to confirm adequate condition of all
elements of the temporary works being handed over for use by the interfacing contractor or
from others to the contractor.

9.3

The Contractor shall inspect all parts of the temporary works to be received from others,
including inspection and monitoring records, shop drawings and manuals for the use of
equipment such as jacks, pumps or systems.

9.4

The Contractor shall correct any defects or inadequate conditions found during the
inspection(s) to the satisfaction of the Commission's Representative, at no cost to the
Commission.

9.5

If the Contractor is receiving an element of temporary works as the interfacing contractor,


then the Contractor shall attend meetings as necessary and co-operate with the
Commission's Representative to facilitate the handover and shall confirm in writing within
two (2) working days of the handover inspection to the Commission's Representative that
the Contractor takes responsibility for the suitability for use, operation and condition of the
temporary works being handed over, in accordance with the requirements of the
Occupational Health and Safety Act and applicable Ontario law. After two (2) working days
from the handover inspection, the Contractor shall become responsible as the Constructor
for the part of the Site and temporary works handed over and shall thereafter maintain at no
cost to the Commission all elements of the Site and temporary works so as to maintain
safety and security of the Site through to completion handover.

9.6

Where the Contractor hands over parts of the site or parts of the permanent works to
interfacing contractors for use before final completion, including but not limited to the
trackway as shown on the Contract Drawings, the Contractor shall plan and attend
inspections at which the Contractor will demonstrate the satisfactory condition of all
permanent works and site areas to be handed over to others, including safety and security
arrangements and compliance with all relevant technical specifications, to the
Commission's Representative in the presence of the interfacing (receiving) contractor.

END OF SECTION

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 1

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

1. General
Administration and
Material
Management
Duties for Inspector,
QA Consultants
and Project
Engineers/
Managers.

On-site Visual Inspection


& Other Actions by
Inspector

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

1. Inspector's Administration
Inspection Duties on Site:

and Material I 1. QA Consultant's Testing


Reporting Duties on Site:

Visually inspect the quality of materials


delivered to site and check the quality of
work in preparing the materials.

Order field testing from QA consultant


according to the minimum material testing
frequencies or as required. Collect
concrete, HM asphalt, aggregates and
other materials. delivery tickets from truck
drivers and record where the materials are
placed.

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Document field
observations,
visual
inspection findings and record field test
results in Inspector's Daily Field Report or
other field records.

Inform the general contractor if the


materials delivered to site have failed to
meet contract specification and request the
general contractor and material suppliers to
rectify the problems.

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

and I 1. QA Consultant's Administration, Testing


and Reporting Duties:

Report attendance to Inspector


upon arrival on site.
Perform field tests and prepare
samples as directed by Inspector.
Based on the field test results,
advise Inspector if the concrete,
HM asphalt, aggregates and
other materials meet contract
specification or not.
Submit preliminary field test
results on site in writing to
Inspector
immediately
after
testing.
Submit final field test results to
Project Engineer/Manager in
writing within 7 working days of
each field test.

QA consultant review contractor's Form


A or Form B concrete mix designs for all
concrete types specified in contract with
City Project Engineer/Manager.
QA consultant review contractor's HM
asphalt mix designs for all HM asphalt
types specified in contract with City
Project Engineer/Manager.
QA consultant review contractor's
aggregate (crushed limestone and
recycled concrete) QC data with Project
Engineer/Manager to check if the QC
data meet with specification.
City's QA consultant and City Project
Engineer/Manager request changes to
concrete and HM asphalt mix designs
and aggregate production to meet
contract requirement from material
suppliers if necessary.
Submit all laboratory test results in
writing to Project Engineer/Manager
within 7 working days of each laboratory
test.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

1.

General
Administration
and Material
Management
Duties for
Inspector, QA
Consultants
and Project
Engineers/
Managers
continued.

On-site Visual Inspection


& Other Actions by
Inspector

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page2

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

Recommend rejecting the material, including the entire


truck load of the material, with no payment to the rejected
material to the general contractor if field test results show
the materials have failed to meet specification.

Recommend
payment
adjustment
to
Project
Engineer/Manager if deficiencies on volume, weight and
thickness occurred.

If the failed materials have been placed before remedial


actions can take effect, identify and document where the
failed materials were placed.

Instruct the general contractor to remove the areas where


defective materials were placed.

Record observation and report in writing to Project


Engineer/Manager on whether corrective actions to
defective materials had taken place or not.

Project Engineer/Manager and Inspector follow up the


defective material issues with general contractor &
material suppliers.

Based on the field and laboratory test results, Inspector &


Project Engineer/Manager instruct the general contractor
to perform corrective actions. Apply price adjustment to
defective
materials/works
according
to
contract
specification where warranted.

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA
Test & Other
Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

QA consultant compile all field and


laboratory test results of all the
materials tested in the contract,
to
arrange
them
according
construction
locations
(station
numbers) and prepare a QA report
summarizing the quality of all
materials used, the in-situ densities
and core thicknesses achieved in
the contract.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page3

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A291

Material

2. Ready Mixed
Concrete.

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

1.

Document if
concrete truck
drivers are adding
water, super
plasticizer or air
entrainment agent
to the load on site
out prior
authorization from
the general
contractor & Project
Engineer/Manager.

2. Visually check the


plasticity of fresh
concrete at point of
discharge.

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

Typically the first load of


the day and every
second load until
consistency is attained.
Random checking
thereafter.

Typically the first load of


the day and every
second load until
consistency is attained.
Random checking
thereafter.

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
byQA
Consultant

1.

Perform air
entrainment
tests.

Min. Field Testing


Frequency

Typically the first 3


loads per mix per
until
day,
and
is
consistency
established, one for
every slump test,
and one for every
strength test.

2. Perform
slump tests.

Typically the first 3


loads per mix per
day, and until
consistency is
established, one for
every air test, and
one for every
strength test.

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

1. Trial batching at
concrete supply
plant, conduct air &
slump tests on site,
perform 7-day &
other strength
compressive
strength tests
according to the mix
types 30 working
days prior to placing
concrete.

One trial batch


per concrete
mix design per
contract, or as
required.

2. Perform 24-hour, 7-

All samples
taken.

day & 28-day


compressive
strength tests, or
other strength tests
for normal & early
strength concrete as
specified in contract.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page4

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

2.

Ready Mixed
Concrete
continued.

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
lns_pector

3. Order on-site slump


tests, air tests and
concrete cylinder
sampling from City's
QA consultant in
accordance with the
minimum testing
frequencies or as
required.

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

Refer to QA minimum
testing frequencies.

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

3. Cast concrete
cylinder
samples for
laboratory
compressive
strength tests.

Min. Field Testing


Frequency

3 cylinders on the first


load of the day
typically and every
50m 3 with no fewer
than one test for each
class of concrete
placed on any one
day.

4. Check and
4. Collect concrete

See below.

delivery tickets,
review & document
details of tickets.

5. Check the delivery


time of the load
(time when the
concrete was
batched to the time
the concrete was
unloaded) if it falls
within the 2-hour
delivery time limit.

Typically the first load of


the day and every
second load until
consistency is attained.
Random checking
thereafter.

document the
nominal size of
coarse
aggregate
used in the
mix.

5. Check and
document the
type of coarse
aggregate
used in the mix

Typically the first load


delivered to site, or as
required.

Typically the first load


delivered to site, or as
required.

Laboratory QA Test
& Other Actions
by QA Consultant

3. Determine the
unit weight of
concrete sample.

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

One test per


mix design
per contract.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A291

Material

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

6.

2. Ready Mixed
Concrete
continued.

7.

8.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
P:1ge 5

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

Checkiftheload is
produced from
concrete plant(s)
that was specified in
the contract, or the
plants were agreed
upon in the preconstruction
meeting or in any
pre-concrete
placement meeting.

Typically the first load of


the day and every
second load until
consistency is attained.
Random checking
thereafter.

Verify & document


the actual volume of
each pour and
compare with the
theoretical volume if
the work is paid by
volume.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

Check the
conditions of the
granular base or
subgrade before
concrete is
discharged.

See below.

Field QA Test & Other


Actions
by QA Consultant

6.

Record in all test


reports the air
temperature of the
site during testing.

7. Record temperature
of plastic concrete at
point of discharge.

8.

Determine thickness
of concrete road
bases, sidewalks or
other structures by
coring if the
slab/structure is paid
by area or length in
contract.

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Every test.

Laboratory QA
Test & Other
Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

Every air and


slump test and
every time
concrete
cylinders are
casted.

Every 60 m
lineal length of
structure.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

9.
2.

Ready Mixed
Concrete
continued.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page6

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

9.

Check and
document the state
of compaction of the
granular base (if
any) and subgrade.

10. Recommend the


general contractor
to re-com pact
granular
base/subgrade
where necessary.

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Random check all


location where fresh
concrete is discharged
to.

Conduct
concrete in-situ
properties and
quality
assurance
check by coring
samples on
site.

11. Request QA
consultant to
perform com paction
test if necessary.

- -

-~

Min. Field Testing


Frequency

As directed by
Inspector and/or
Project
Engineer/Manager.

Laboratory QA
Test & Other
Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

2.

Ready Mixed
Concrete
continued.

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 7

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

12. Check and


document the
moisture condition
of the granular base
(if any) and
subgrade.
13. Recommend
wetting the granular
base/subgrade to
the general
contractor if
subgrade plastic
sheeting is not
specified to be used
in contract.

Random check all


location where fresh
concrete is discharged
to.

14. Check and


document the
concrete protection
and curing
measures applied to
fresh concrete on
site.

Random check all


concrete structures.

- - -

--

-------

.______

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A291

Material

2. Ready Mixed
Concrete
continued.

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
PageS

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

15. Check if the


protections to wet
concrete against
adverse weather
conditions such as
wind, precipitation
and extreme
temperatures are
adequate or not.

Random check all


structures where
concrete is placed.

16. Check if curing


compounds or other
curing
materials/measures
are applied to fresh
concrete on site.

Random check all


structures where
concrete is placed.

17. Check and


document if
vibration is
adequately applied
to fill voids and
hard-to-reach
areas.

Random check all


structures where
concrete is placed.

18. Ensure the proper


size and type of
vibrators are used.

Random check all


structures where
concrete is placed.
---

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

2.

Ready Mixed
Concrete
continued.

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page9

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

19. Avoid under or over


vibration.

Random check all


structures where
concrete is placed.

20. Check and


document
deficiencies found
during finishing of
fresh concrete.

See below.

21. Check if excessive


handwork is applied
to fresh concrete.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

22. Check if water is


added in finishing
the concrete.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

23. Check if areas with


stone segregation
are found on
concrete surface.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

24. Check if hot


weather concrete
protection is
adequate or not.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 10

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

2.

Ready Mixed
Concrete
continued.

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

25. Check cold weather


concrete protection
is adequate or not.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

26. Check if barricades


are put in place to
protect wet concrete
from pedestrians
and/or vehicular
traffic.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

27. Check if
depressions and
bumps are found on
concrete surface.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

28. Check if sidewalks


or other structures
are constructed with
the proper
gradients.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

'----

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 11

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

2. Ready Mixed
Concrete
continued.

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

29. Check if spalling is


found on concrete
surfaces and at
expansion joint
cuts.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

30. Check if honey


combs are
developing on
finished concrete
surface.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

31. Check if cracks are


developing on
finished concrete
surface.

Random check all areas


where concrete is
placed.

32. Monitor the work


performed by Field
QA testing
technicians.

All site visits.

33. Check and


document if
cylinders are stored
in an acceptable
curing box or not.

All samples taken until


consistency is attained.
Random checking
thereafter.
--

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 12

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

2. Ready Mixed
Concrete
continued.

'

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

34. Check and


document if the
curing box is placed
at a secured
location or not.

All samples taken until


consistency is attained.
Random checking
thereafter.

35. Check if concrete


cylinders are
delivered to testing
laboratory in
accordance with the
time limits or not
(within a maximum
of 76 hours for 35
MPa or less
concrete, or within
28 hours for 35
MPa or higher
concrete).

All samples taken until


consistency is attained.
Random checking
thereafter.

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

--

------

--

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

3. Hot Mixed

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

1. Check temperature

Asphalt.

of asphalt mix at
point of discharge
(at least 120C at
point of discharge)
and air temperature
of pavement for HM
asphalt placing (at
least 7C}.

2.

Collect HM asphalt
delivery tickets,
review & document
details of tickets.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 13

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Typically the first load of


the day and every
second load until
consistency is attained.
Random checking
thereafter.

1. Perform

All deliveries to site.

2. Prepare plate

compaction
tests on HM
asphalt mat
using nuclear
density gauge.

samples of HM
asphalt on site
for Extraction &
Gradation tests
and Marshall
properties tests
for each type of
mix (reject
samples
prepared by
shovels).

Min. Field Testing


Frequency

Test strip method


(proof rolling):
- 1 test section per
300m of pass
- Minimum 2 test
section per street
- 5 tests per test
section.

See below:

Laboratory QA Test
& Other Actions
by QA Consultant

1. Trial batching at
hot mix asphalt
plant and
conduct full
Marshall test
(Extraction &
gradation, AC
content and
Marshall
properties tests)
on trial batch 7
working days
before asphalt
placement.

2. E&G Testing &


Fast Track
Reporting
(for large quantity
paving jobs like
arterial road
paving):

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency
One trial
batch per hot
mix asphalt
mix design.

First
production
load from the
asphalt plant
on each
paving day.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

3. Hot Mixed

3. Verify the weight of

Asphalt
continued.

the loads delivered


to site.

4.

Check and
document the
conditions of the hot
mixed asphalt mat.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 14

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

As per City of Toronto


Weight Verification
Protocol.

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
byQA
Consultant

3. Large
quantity
paving job
(for example,
arterial road
paving).

See below:

4. Small
quantity
paving jobs.

5. Check if there are


areas with stone
segregation on the
mat and at
longitudinal joints.

Random check all


locations where HM
asphalt is placed.

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

First production
load from the
asphalt plant on
each paving
day, every 250
mg (tonne)
thereafter.
Typically the
first load of the
day, every 250
mg (tonne).
Minimum 1
sample in the
morning & 1
sample in the
afternoon.

Laboratory QA Test & Other


Actions
by QA Consultant

3. Conduct HM Asphalt
Extraction & Gradation
(E&G) tests on the first
production load sample
from asphalt plant, report
(fax or phone) the E&G
results to Project
Engineer/Manager &
asphalt plant as soon as
the test results are ready.
Advise changes to
production if necessary.

4.

5. Visually
check the
nominal size
of the
aggregates
used in the
mix if they
are
complying
with
specification
or not.

Every
250 mg
(tonne).

E&G Testing & Regular


Reporting (7- working-day
reporting):

5. Conduct HM Asphalt
All test samples
taken on site.

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

Extraction & Gradation


(E&G) tests on the
samples taken from site.

All samples
from site.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A291

Material

3. Hot Mixed
Asphalt
continued.

On-site Visual
Inspection
&Other
Actions by
Inspector
6.

Check if all the


stones in the mat
are adequately
coated with asphalt
or not.

7. Check if there are


areas with
flushing/bleeding on
the mat, especially
on hot days.

8. Check & verify the


thickness of asphalt
mat if the asphalt is
paid by area or
length in contract.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 15

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

Field QA Test & Other


Actions
by QA Consultant

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Random check all


locations where H M
asphalt is placed.

6.

Visually check if the


type of aggregates
used in the mix are
complying with
specification or not.

All test
sam pies taken
on site.

Random check all


locations where HM
asphalt is placed.

7. Determine asphalt mat

Every60 m
length per
traveling lane.

thickness by coring if
the asphalt is paid by
area or length in
contract.

Every 50 m length of
asphalt mat.

8. Conduct HM asphalt

Random check all


locations where HM
asphalt is placed.

9. Record in test report

in-situ properties and


quality assurance
check by coring
samples on site.

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

6.

Conduct HM
Asphalt full
Marshall tests
(Extraction &
Gradation, AC
content and
Marshall properties
tests).

7. ConductAC
As directed by
Inspector
and/or Project
Engineer/
Manager.

recovered
penetration test
when RAP
(Reclaimed Asphalt
Pavement) is used
in the mix.

8. Conduct
9. Check if
depressions and
bumps are found on
the surface of the
mat.
10. Check if roll marks
and scratches are
found on the
surface of the mat.

Random check all


locations where HM
asphalt is placed.

the air temperature of


the site during testing.
10. Record in test report
the temperature of HM
asphalt during
sampling.

Every test.

Every test.

specification
conformance tests
on Performance
Graded Asphalt
Cement (PGAC) if
required.

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency
Every 500 mg
(tonne) after
the first load.

One test of
each day of
paving.

One test for


each mix
design.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A291

3.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 16

Material

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

Hot Mixed
Asphalt
continued.

11. Check if oil spills


are found on the
surface of the mat.

Random check all


locations where HM
asphalt is placed.

12. Check if opened


and uneven
construction joints
are found on the
surface of the mat.

Random check all


locations where HM
asphalt is placed.

13. Check if Contractor


open the mat to
traffic when the mat
is still warm.

Random check all


locations where HM
asphalt is placed.

14. Check if Contractor


applies tack coat to
old pavement,
vertical face of
curbs, cold
pavement joints and
structures as
specified in contract
and specification.
Also check the rate
of application &
over-spraying.

Random check all


locations where HM
asphalt is placed.

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

I
I

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

4. Granulars
(Crushed
Limestone
and
Recycled
Concrete.

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other Actions
by Inspector

1. Monitor the work

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Paae 17

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

deleterious materials
(1% max) and
document findings.

3. Visually check the


percent crushed of
aggregate delivered
and document
findings.

4. Order QA gradation
tests from QA
consultants.

1. Conduct compaction
Every load until
consistency is
attained.
Random
checking
thereafter.

(including moisture
content) tests using
nuclear density
gauge.

Every load until


consistency is
attained.
Random
checking
thereafter.

trenches.

roads, curbs,
sidewalks & other
structures.

4. Take samples from


Every 250 mg
(tonne) per type
of material.

All trench
backfill,
granular bases
and subbases.

2. Sewer & Watermain

3. Granular bases for

5. Order physical
property test of
aggregates from QA
consultants if
necessary.

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

All site visits.

performed by Field
QA testing
technicians.

2. Visually check for

Field QA Test & Other


Actions
by QA Consultant

stockpiles on site for


gradation tests.

As required.

One test per


0.3 m lift for
each increment
or fraction of
150 lineal
meters of
backfill.
One test per lift
for each
increment or
fraction of 500
square meters
on each lane,
curb or
sidewalk.

1. Sampling at source
(production plant) and
perform QA physical
property test and
gradation tests to
verify the physical
properties and
gradation of materials
if necessary.

2. Conduct gradation
tests.

3. Conduct
Standard/Modified
Proctor Density tests.

Every 250 mg
(tonne) per type
-

---

of material.

- - - - - -

As per TS
1010 and
according to
the type of
material used,
or as required.

All samples
taken from
site.
All samples
taken from
site.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A291

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other Actions
by Inspector

Material

4. Granulars
(Crushed
Limestone and
Recycled
Concrete
continued.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 18
Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

Field QA Test & Other


Actions
by QA Consultant

6.

Collect aggregate
delivery tickets,
review & document
details of tickets.

All deliveries to
site.

5. Take samples from


stockpiles on site for
Proctor density tests.

7.

Verify the weight of


the loads delivered to
site if the materials
are paid by weight.

As per City of
Toronto Weight
Verification
Protocol.

6.

8. Monitor the work

Determine granular
base thickness by
coring or digging test
pits.

Min. Field
Testing
Frequency

Laboratory QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

One sample per


type of material
per contract.
Every 50 m
length of base.

All site visits.

performed by Field
QA testing
technicians.

5.

Imported
Earth.

1. Visually check for


deleterious materials
and document
findings.

Every load until


consistency is
attained.
Random
checking
thereafter.

1. Conduct compaction
(including moisture
content) tests using
nuclear equipment.

All trench
backfill, and
subgrade.

1. Conduct soil
classification test.

All samples
taken.

2. Verify the weight of


the loads delivered to
site if the materials
are paid by weight.

As per City of
Toronto Weight
Verification
Protocol.

2. Sewer & Watermain


trenches.

One test per


0.3 m lift for
each increment
or fraction of
150 lineal
meters of
backfill.

2. Conduct
Standard/Modified
Proctor Density test.

All samples
taken.

Toronto Transit Commission


CONTRACT A29-1

Material

5. Imported Earth

On-site Visual
Inspection
& Other
Actions by
Inspector

3. Collect earth

continued.

Section 01 40 00
CITY OF TORONTO INSPECTION FREQUENCY
APPENDIX
Page 19

Frequency of
Visual
Inspection

All deliveries to site.

3. Road or

delivery tickets,
review & document
details of tickets.

4.

Monitor the work


performed by Field
QA testing
technicians.

1. Check the
6. Crack Filling

temperature of
crack filling material
on site.

Material.

2.

Laboratory QA
Test & Other
Actions
by QA Consultant

Min.
Laboratory
Testing
Frequency

All site visits.

4.

Take samples
from stockpiles
on site for soil
classification &
engineering
properties tests.

1. Take samples

Every 4 hours of
operation.

All site visits.

'----

Inspect & verify


all gauges on
the melting pot.

----

-------------

Every 250 mg (tonne)


per type of material, or
as required.

At commencement of
contract, every
20,000 m to 25,000 m.

on site for AC
penetration
tests.

2.
Monitor the work
performed by Field
QA testing
technicians.

Min. Field Testing


Frequency

One test per lift for


each increment or
fraction of 500 square
meters on each
traveling lane.

sidewalk
subgrade.

END OF SECTION

Field QA Test &


Other Actions
by QA Consultant

---

Every day when


operation begins.

1. ConductAC
penetration test.

All samples
taken.