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# Engr.

PhD Research Scholar, UMP
saher.gis@gmail.com

http://saherfn.weebly.com/notes.html

BAA1112
ENGINEERING DRAWING
ORTHOGRAPHIC

LESSON OUTCOME
After this class, students should be able to do
the following:
Understand the principles of first and third
angle orthographic projection
Produced a detailed orthographic drawing of a
component including all necessary
information

ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION
Engineering drawing are normally intended to
indicate the shape and size of component or object
All components or objects have three dimensions;
The use of technique called orthographic
projection is to present the three dimensions
object in two dimensions to convey an impression
of shape for the component or object

ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS

## Orthographic Projections are a collection of 2-D drawings that work

together to give an accurate overall representation of an object
The views are positioned relative to each other according to either
of two schemes: first-angle or third-angle projection
They differ only in the position of the plan, front and side views

## First and Third Angle Projections

Third-angle Projection

First-angle Projection

First Angle Projection is used in Europe and most of the world. However America and
Australia use a method known as Third Angle Projection.

## 1st and 3rd Angle of Projection

In First Angle Projection we place our object in the First Quadrant (see above figure).
This means that the Vertical Plane is behind the object and the Horizontal Plane is
underneath the object.

Principal Views
or Orthographic
Views

## Which Views to Present?

Projection of view only needs combination of three
direction of views to complete the object shape;
front, plan & side view
View direction is the front view of the object

General Guidelines
The view with the biggest area compare to
other view. Normally the longest dimension is chosen
as the width (or depth)
Pick a Front View that is most descriptive of
object/the view with most information about the
object shape

## Glass Box Approach: Designation of

third angle views
Place the object in a glass box

## Freeze the view from each direction (each of

the six sides of the box) and unfold the box

## Glass Box Approach: Designation of

third angle views

## Glass Box Approach: Designation of

third angle views

## Glass Box Approach: Designation of

third angle views

## Glass Box Approach: Designation of

third angle views

## Glass Box Approach: Designation of

third angle views

## Glass Box Approach: Designation of

third angle views

## Example of Orthographic Drawing [3rd Angle Projection]

Class Exercise 1
Prepare Orthographic drawing with 3rd Angle of projection using suitable scale.

Class Exercise 2
Prepare Orthographic drawing with 3rd Angle of projection using suitable scale.