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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
1426 
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؛‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ،  
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬   
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬? ‫א‬‫א‬??‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 
 

‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 {‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 {‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬
 K{{‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 {‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 {‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{
 KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K٪95‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K7W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K J
KA3 J
KE‫א‬F‫א‬ J
KHB ( 0.5mm , 0.7mm )‫א‬H J
.(45º, 45º )+( 60º, 30º )K J
 K‫א‬ J
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-1-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫{א‬‫א‬‫א‬FK‫א‬‫א‬
 CNC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬ECNC‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KECNCF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬














-2-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ECNC‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E11F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 E11‫א‬F

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Point X Y
1 0 30
2 25 30
3 40 20
4 50 20
5 50 10
6 60 0

 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
-3-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE12F‫א‬

E12 ‫ א‬F

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Point X Y
1 0 30
2 25 0
3 15 -10
4 10 0
5 0 -10
6 10 -10

‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-4-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W1
 W‫א‬CNC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬1:1‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬1:1‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬

-5-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Point X Y
w 0 0
1 0 65
2 60 65
3 60 50
4 95 50
5 95 25
6 125 25
7 125 0
w 0 0

-6-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Point X Y
w 0 0
1 0 65
2 60 0
3 0 -15
4 35 0
5 0 -25
6 30 0
7 0 -25
w -125 0

-7-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ECNCF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W1
  CNC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Point X Z
w 0 0
1 20 0
2 20 -15
3 30 -25
4 30 -50

 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬ XW‫א‬‫א‬F

-8-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Point X Z
w 0 0
1 10 0
2 0 -15
3 5 -10
4 0 -25

‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬ XW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F


-9-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

W2
 W‫א‬CNC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬1:1‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬1:1‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬





-10-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Point X Z
w 0 0
1 40 0
2 40 -25
3 80 -45
4 80 -80

-11-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Point X Z
w 0 0
1 20 0
2 0 -25
3 20 -20
4 0 -35

-12-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 
W1
 W‫א‬CNC‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬

-13-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

W2
 W‫א‬CNC‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬

-14-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K٪90‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K7W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K J
KA3 J
KE‫א‬F‫א‬ J
KHB ( 0.5mm , 0.7mm )‫א‬H J
.(45º, 45º )+( 60º, 30º )K J
 K‫א‬ J
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-15-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 {‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EmmF‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬J 3
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KK
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




-16-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬


 W‫א‬‫א‬
 KW‫א‬ J 1
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬FW‫א‬ J 2
 E‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬J 3
 Kmm‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
mmW‫א‬ J 4
K‫א‬W‫א‬ J 5

-17-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 E21‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 1
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
 {‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE23FE21F‫א‬
 KE24FE22F‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4
 K‫א‬KE23‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE24‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 {‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 5
 KE22‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬4mm‫א‬‫א‬

 E22F‫א‬  E21F‫א‬
 



 E24F‫א‬  E23F‫א‬

-18-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 6
 KE25‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE26‫א‬F‫א‬ J 7
 K‫א‬
 KE26F‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬ J 8
KE27F‫א‬‫א‬{A B‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬ J 9

E25F‫א‬


 E26F‫א‬


 E27F‫א‬


-19-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬

40‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫{א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K0.05mm‫א‬
 K0.01mm

 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K0.02mm‫א‬‫א‬
0.02mm‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 



 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 0.02  0.03mm‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬‫א‬  KE‫א‬‫א‬F

-20-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
0.16mm‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬0.05mm‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬0.05mm 30º‫א‬0.02‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬  K‫א‬


K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ A – ‫א‬0.03mm
‫א‬0.1mm  KB
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K± 0.05mm‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
0.03mmC – D‫א‬ KB‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬0.02mm
K‫א‬

 {A – B‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
0.2mm‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬










-22-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W1
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬ J 1
K‫א‬ J 2
K‫א‬‫ א‬J 3
K‫א‬ J 4

EF  EF

EF EF


-23-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 1W‫א‬
 W
 KW‫א‬
‫א‬W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
K0.05mm
 K0.05mmW‫א‬
 W
 KWK‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 ‫א‬40mm‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K0.01mm‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K0.01mmW‫א‬
 W
 KWK‫א‬
K‫א‬W‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K0.05mm
 K0.05mmW‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 W
 KW‫א‬
KW‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬30º‫א‬K0.02mm
 K0.02mmW‫א‬
 K‫א‬W‫א‬

-24-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 
 W1
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬J 1
K‫א‬J 2
K‫א‬‫א‬J 3
 K‫א‬J 4
 K‫א‬J 5

-25-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

-26-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

-27-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

-28-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W2
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K0.02mm‫א‬


 W3
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K0.02mm‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬




-29-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K٪90‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K7W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K J
 KA3 J
KE‫א‬F‫א‬ J
KHB ( 0.5mm , 0.7mm )‫א‬H J
.(45º, 45º )+( 60º, 30º )K J
K‫א‬ J
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-30-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W
 ‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ESpringsF‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 1
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 2
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F J 3
K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4


Properties of springs W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬


 Kinds of springs W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKK{{{W‫א‬ J 1
KKKKKK{‫א‬{{{W‫א‬ J 2
KKKKKKKKKK{{{W‫א‬ J 3





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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬


 
 Dm =E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 Da =‫א‬‫א‬
 Di = ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 d = ‫א‬
 p = ‫א‬
 Lo = ‫א‬‫א‬ 

 ‫؟‬dDiDm ‫א‬W‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KDi J 1
K‫א‬‫א‬Kd1‫א‬ J 2
KP =‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Kd‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4
K2‫א‬‫א‬d‫א‬‫א‬ J 5
K3‫א‬‫א‬ J 6
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 7





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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 

 


 



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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 



 


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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬ 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W
 DIN 2098 – 3.4 × 42 × 140

 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬=DIN2098 
 K‫א‬ d = 3.4
 KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬Dm = 42
 K‫א‬‫א‬Lo = 140


 W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 DIN 2098 – 1 × 12.5 × 24
 DIN 2098 – 1.6 × 10 × 27 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J 1

Dm 40 mm
L0 85 mm
P 20 mm
d 10 mm


 J 2
 
Dm 50 mm
L0 100 mm
P 16 mm
d 8 mm


 J 3
‫א‬
Dm 40 mm
L0 87 mm
P 12 mm
d 6 mm


 J 4
‫א‬
Dm 60 mm
L0 126 mm
P 24 mm
d 12 mm

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬


 J 5

Dm 30 mm
L0 66 mm
P 8 mm
d 4 mm
Dm 50 mm


 J 6

Dm 50 mm
L0 100 mm
P 16 mm
d 8 mm
Dm 80 mm

-40-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K٪85‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K14W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K J
 KA3 J
KE‫א‬F‫א‬ J
KHB ( 0.5mm , 0.7mm )‫א‬H J
.(45º, 45º )+( 60º, 30º )K J
K‫א‬ J
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




-41-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬
 ‫א‬Gears‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Kind of gearsW‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-42-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-43-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

W‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
z = d /m  ‫א‬ z
p=m×п  ‫א‬ p
m=p/п  E‫א‬F‫א‬ m
d=z×m  E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ d
da = d + 2 × m = m ( z + 2 )  ‫א‬‫א‬ da
df = d – 2.4 × m = m ( z – 2.4 )  E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ df
hz = 2.2 × m = ha + hf = 2 × m + c  E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ hz
ha = m  E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ ha
hf = 1.2 × m = m + c  E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬ hf
c = 0.2 × m = hf - ha  ‫א‬ c
s = ( 19 / 40 ) × p  ‫א‬ s
e = ( 21 / 40 ) × p  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ e
b = 10 × m (( 6 × m …….12 × m ))  ‫א‬ b
a = ( d1 + d2 ) / 2 = {( za + zb ) / 2} × m  ‫א‬‫א‬ a

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

d=m×z
ha = m
hf = 1,7 ……..1,2 m
hb = 0.03d
R = 0.2 d ( G – D ‫א‬F
r = 0.1 d( D – H‫א‬F
r1 = 0.17m

-45-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 K ( DIN ISO 2203 )‫א‬‫א‬


 K‫א‬ J 1
 K‫א‬J
KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J
 K{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬E41‫א‬F‫א‬J 2
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 KE47‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
 E41‫א‬F‫א‬{E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬ J 4
KE42‫א‬F‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬ J 5
{‫א‬{‫א‬‫ א‬J 6
 KE43‫א‬F

E42‫א‬F
E41‫א‬F

E43‫א‬F

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 EDIN 3966 , ISO 1340 44‫א‬F‫א‬


 W‫א‬ J 1
 W‫א‬‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬EF
 WJ 2
 W‫א‬‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬–‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 16 MnCr 5 , 1,5920, CK 45 , 50 CrMo 4, 17035W‫א‬
 

E44‫א‬F

-47-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 K( DIN ISO 2203 )‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬EF 

 KE45‫א‬F

 KE46‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬EF 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

E46‫א‬F E45‫א‬F

-48-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫اﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ اﻟﻤﺒﺴﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ‬

‫ﺗﺮوس اﺳﻄﻮاﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﺪﻟﺔ وﻣﺎﺋﻠﺔ‬

‫ﺗﺮس أﺳﻄﻮاﻧﻲ ﻋﺪل ﻣﻊ ﺟﺮﻳﺪة ﻣﺴﻨﻨﺔ‬

‫ﺗﺮوس ﻣﺨﺮوﻃﻴﺔ‬

-49-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

‫اﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ اﻟﻤﺒﺴﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ‬

‫ﺗﺮوس ﺣﻠﺰوﻧﻴﺔ اﺳﻄﻮاﻧﻴﺔ‬

‫اﻟﺪودة ﻣﻌﺸﻘﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺗﺮس دودي‬



-50-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W1
 m = 8 , z = 12 ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W2
 p = 31.4 , d = 160 ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W3
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

A
gear‫א‬ I II
d 60 80
b 20 20
m 5 5
 hub‫א‬ Φ28 Φ32
lug‫א‬ Φ 40×5 Φ 40×5
key‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬







-51-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W4
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

B
gear‫א‬ I RACK‫א‬
d 80
b 20 20
m 5 5
hub ‫א‬ Φ30
lug‫א‬ Φ 40×7
h×l  25 × 100
key‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W5
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

C
gear‫א‬ I II
d 80 80
b 20 20
m 5 5
hub ‫א‬ Φ30 Φ30
lug‫א‬ Φ 40×8 Φ 40×8
key‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

-52-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W6
 

D
gear‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬
d 70 D 50
b 20 d 25
m 5 I 70
hub ‫א‬ Φ30
lug‫א‬ Φ 40×6

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬W7
 

E
gear‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬
d 70 D 50
b 20 d 25
m 4 I 70








-53-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬


( A 20 × 12 × 125 DIN 6886 ) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫×א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


t2 t1 b × h D
1.2 + 0.1 2.5 + 0.1 4×4 10….12
1.7 + 0.1 3 + 0.1 5×5 12….17
2.2 + 0.1 3.5 + 0.1 6×6 17….22
2.4 + 0.2 4 + 0.2 8×7 22….30
2.4 + 0.2 5 + 0.2 10 × 8 30….38
2.4 + 0.2 5 + 0.2 12 × 8 38….44
2.9 + 0.2 5 + 0.2 14 × 9 44….50
3.4 + 0.2 6 + 0.2 16 × 10 50….58
3.4 + 0.2 7 + 0.2 18 × 11 58….65
3.9 + 0.2 7.5 + 0.2 20 × 12 65….75

-54-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 KE‫א‬_‫א‬‫א‬_‫א‬F

 K٪85‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K25W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K J
 KA3 J
KE‫א‬F‫א‬ J
KHB ( 0.5mm , 0.7mm )‫א‬H J
.(45º, 45º )+( 60º, 30º )K J
K‫א‬ J
K J
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬_‫א‬‫א‬_‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬KEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 K‫א‬K‫א‬KE{F‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KEKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ F‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J 2

















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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W 
 EKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 E51FW‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{ J 2
‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 2
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
K12‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4
KK‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫ א‬J 5
 K‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬ J 6
 K9‫א‬W










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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

E51F


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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

  E52FW‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬{K‫א‬ J 1
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬ J 2
 K45º‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 KE52‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{F‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
 KEKKKKKKKKKK{‫א‬
 K‫א‬ J 3
 {3036‫א‬‫א‬{Φ5 H7 {‫א‬‫א‬W
 ‫א‬‫א‬{E3‫א‬F{‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫ א‬J 4
K‫א‬{‫א‬ J 5
 K‫א‬‫ א‬J 6

 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬





 E52‫א‬F

-60-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 E53FW‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 W‫א‬{‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
K ‫ א‬J 3
KE2‫א‬FK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 4
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 5
KEF‫א‬‫ א‬J 6
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 7
 KE45º‫א‬F

E53‫א‬F

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 E54FK ( DIN 6783 , DIN 6782 ) ‫א‬‫א‬


 KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫ א‬J 1
K‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 2
K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 3
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4
‫א‬ISO‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 5
 K‫א‬
 KISO 4762 M 8 × 30 ‫א‬W
W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 6

   ‫א‬‫א‬
FI DIN 1017-20×5×102 ‫א‬
FI DIN 174-20×5×102  ‫א‬

Rd DIN 1013-20×102
 ‫א‬
Rd DIN 668-20×102 h11 ‫א‬
Bl DIN 1543-8×22×27  E4.75‫א‬F
FI DIN 1017 - 20×5 × 102

‫رﻣﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺻﻔﺎت‬ ‫أﺑﻌﺎد ﻗﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻮل اﻟﻤﻨﺠﺰ‬


‫ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺮ وﻓﻴﻞ‬ +
‫ﻟﻠﺒﺮ وﻓﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬



-62-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1

‫اﻟﻘﻄﻌﺔ ﻧﺼﻒ اﻟﻤﻨﺠﺰة‬ ‫ﻣﺎدة اﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻊ‬

 E54‫א‬F

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬
 W
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J 1
 K‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

 K‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬J 
 KKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{EFHW
 
 K‫א‬J 3
 ‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 






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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬J 4
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬{‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬{‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

 K‫א‬‫א‬J 5
 ‫؟‬‫א‬J
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J

 K‫א‬J 6
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬EF
 KEKKKK‫א‬{‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬J 


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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W
 ‫؟‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 K20mm‫א‬55mm‫א‬
 {E4‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{E5‫א‬FEF‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬{E3‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 KE1‫א‬F‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬{{‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 {‫א‬{C 60 H‫א‬E2‫א‬F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

E55‫א‬F

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 
 W1
 ‫؟‬1:1A3‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
‫؟‬‫א‬ J 4

Skt DIN 176 - 17×93 St 37 k  


5.8 
FI DIN 174 - 15×8×31 St 37 k 
Vkt DIN 178 - 15×81 St 37 k 
Skt DIN 176 - 17×81 St 37 k DIN 125 – B 6.4

Vkt DIN 178 - 15×81 St 37 k 


‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 EF51


-68-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W2
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫؟‬1:1‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
‫ ؟‬1:1‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 3

52

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W3
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫؟‬2:1‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
 ‫ ؟‬2:1‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
‫ ؟‬2:1‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 3
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 4
‫א‬E‫א‬{‫א‬{‫א‬F‫א‬ J 5
 ‫؟‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬


















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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

53


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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W4
 ‫؟‬2:1‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
‫؟‬‫א‬ J 4

St 37 k

St 37 k
St 37 k
St 37 k
St 37 k  ‫א‬
St 37 k  ‫א‬
St 37 k
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬












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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

54

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W5
 ‫؟‬2:1‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬−1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ −2
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ −3
‫؟‬‫א‬ −4

St 37 k

St 37 k
St 37 k 
St 37 k 
St 37 k  
St 37 k  ‫א‬
St 37 k
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

-74-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

55

-75-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W 

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫ א‬J 1
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J 
 

 W‫א‬J 2
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

 W‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬J 3
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 

 W‫א‬J 4
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 

 W‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬J 5
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬FK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬KE
 KJ 
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F{E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E56FE1‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬W
 K1‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K{1‫א‬a….g‫א‬J
 K1‫א‬h….k‫א‬J
 ‫א‬1‫א‬a…b…c‫א‬{ISOE‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬a , b , c‫א‬K‫א‬
 ‫א‬1‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬c1…c2‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 WM‫א‬J
 KEF#
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬#
 K‫א‬MKc1..c2
 1‫א‬‫א‬KE2‫א‬F‫א‬EFm2m1‫א‬
 Kc1…c2‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E5‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 KE56‫א‬FW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K64‫א‬E7‫א‬FDIN 912 –M 5 * 20‫א‬‫א‬4W
 K‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
5,5 5‫א‬KE7‫א‬FDIN 912 – M 5 * 20 ‫א‬W
 KK‫א‬DIN 74
 K‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬J
 K9‫א‬KE9‫א‬FDIN 6336 - C 32 GGW
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬J
Rd DIN 668 – 14 * 113K‫א‬‫א‬E2‫א‬F‫א‬W
 K110mm14mm‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
















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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

E56‫א‬F
St 50 – 2 k ISO 8734-3m6*12 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1 10
GG DIN 6336 –C 32 1 9
‫א‬ 9 S 20 K DIN 6336- C32 4 8
5.5 ISO 467 M5 *20 ‫א‬ 4 7
FI DIN 174 – 10*25*63 St 60 – 2 k 1 6
FI DIN 174 – 30*60*98 St 44 – 2 k 1 5
FI DIN 174 – 10*25*63 St 60 – 2 k 1 4
124 GG-25 ‫א‬ 1 3
Rd DIN 668-14*113 45 S 20 V 1 2
123 GG-25 1 1

L‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 
 W6
 W‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬ J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E2F‫א‬ J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E3F‫א‬ J 3
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 


















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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬‫א‬F56

6 ISO 4035 – M10 2 6


6 M10×40 2 5
5.8 ISO 2009- M10×30 1 4
St 37 k 1 3
St 37 k ‫א‬ 1 2
St 37 k 1 1
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-81-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W7
 ‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E4F‫א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E5F‫א‬J 3
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
Φ14 H7‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬‫א‬J 4 
 ‫؟‬Ra = 6.3‫א‬Ra = 1.6 
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ 5
















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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 EF 57


GS - 38 1 5
5.8 M 12 × 60 1 4
6 ISO 4035 – M16 1 3
G-Cu Sn 12 1 2
GS - 38 1 1
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬



-83-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W8
 ‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E2F‫א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E3F‫א‬J 3
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
Φ5 H7‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬‫א‬J 4
 ‫؟‬Ra = 6.3‫א‬Ra = 1.6 
‫؟‬E9F‫א‬ 5
















-84-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬F 58

St 50 k ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1 12
St ( ) 1 11
12.9 M5 × 20 1 10
6 M 16 2 9
‫א‬ 2×16×30 1 8
St 44-2 1 7
St 44-2 1 6
GS - 38 ‫א‬ 1 5
St ( ) 1 4
St 44-2 ‫א‬ 1 3
St 44-2 1 2
LB DIN 174-90×60×15 1 1
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-85-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W9
 W‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E2F‫א‬J 2 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬J 3
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬8‫א‬E5F‫א‬J 4

 EF 59

DIN 147 55*40 ‫א‬ 1 10


St 60-2 ‫א‬ 1 9
C 15 1 8
8 ISO-4033 M10 1 7
DIN 125 A 12 ( ) 1 6
C 15 1 5
St 60 k ‫א‬ 1 4
St 60- 2 1 3
ISO 15-6006 1 2
LB DIN 174-90×60×15 ‫א‬ 1 1

 ‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-86-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W10
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 1
W‫א‬‫א‬2 : 1E10F‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
 ( 12 +0.1 , Φ5 E6 , Φ12 S6 ) 

 E‫א‬F510
8 ISO-4033 M8 1 12
A 10 ( ) 1 11
DIN 147 55*40 Cu Sn8 DIN 1850-G 8*10*6 1 10
ISO 8734-8m 5*30 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1 9
St 37- 1k ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1 8
FI DIN 174-20×5×50 C 15 ‫א‬ 1 7
DIN 125 St 60- 2 1 6
St 60- 2 ‫א‬ 2 5
‫א‬ 1 4
8,8 ISO 4762-M8 * 30 ‫א‬ 2 3
FI DIN 174-30×10×80 St 37- 1k ‫א‬ 1 2
FI DIN 174-30×10×80 St 37- 1k ‫א‬ 1 1

 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-87-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W10
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 3
J I H F G E D C B A ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א א‬

-88-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W11
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1

 EF511
Cu Sn8 DIN 1850-G 6 * 8 * 4 1 12
ISO 8734-8m 5*30 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1 11
St 60- 2 1 10
1 9
8 ISO-4033 M12 2 8
St 60- 2 1 7
8,8 ISO 4762-M6 * 20 ‫א‬ 2 6
St 60- 2 1 5
FI DIN 174-30×10×80 St 37- 1k ‫א‬ 1 4
8,8 ISO 4762-M8 * 30 ‫א‬ 2 3
FI DIN 174-30×10×80 St 37- 1k ‫א‬ 1 2
FI DIN 174-30×10×80 St 37- 1k ‫א‬ 1 1

 ‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-89-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W11
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 2

F G E D C B A ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א א‬

-90-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W12
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ 2

512
St 37- 1k ‫אא‬ 1 7
FI DIN 174-
St 37- 1k 1 6
20×12×25
FI DIN 174-20×8×20 St 37- 1k 1 5
St 44- 2 6 4
8,8 ISO 4762-M6 * 20 ‫א‬ 2 3
FI DIN 174- ‫א‬
St 37- 1k 1 2
20×10×25
FI DIN 174- ‫א‬
St 37- 1k 1 1
20×12×120
‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-91-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

: 12
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 3

G E D C B A ‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א א‬

-92-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W13
 ‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E2F‫א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E3F‫א‬J 3
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

 EF513

St ISO 7089 – B13 1 7


8 ISO 4033 – M16 1 6
8.8 DIN 479- M 8 × 30 2 5
Rd DIN 1013- 40*125 St 37 - 2 1 4
FI DIN 1O17-30*20*85 C 15E ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1 3
FI DIN 1O17-30*20*85 C 15E ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1 2
FI DIN 1O17-15*55*93 C 45V ‫א‬ 1 1
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-93-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W14
 ‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E2F‫א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬E65F‫א‬J 3
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬J 4



















-94-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 EF514

FS DIN 319 – C25 1 11


5.6 DIN 938 - M6 * 50 1 10
St 60-2 H ISO 8734 -6 m 6*40 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1 9
8.8 ISO 4762-M5*20 ‫א‬ 4 8
C 90 W 2 DIN6321-4n 6*6 1 7
65 Si 7 DIN 2098 2×10×30 1 6
Rd DIN 1013-10*43 15 Cr 3 E 1 5
Rd DIN 1013-25*18 15 Cr 3 E 1 4
FI DIN 1017-44×35×51 St 44-3 1 3
FI DIN 1017-44×35×41 15 Cr 3 E 1 2
FI DIN 1017-55×30×128 St 44-3 1 1
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-95-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W15
 ‫؟‬E1F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬E2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬E4F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 3
 ‫؟‬E4F‫א‬J 4
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬J 5




















-96-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬F515

Z = 39, m = 3m GGG-50 2 12
8.8 ISO 4762-M8*16 ‫א‬ 5 11
DIN 471-30*1.5 4 10
ISO15-6006 1 9
DIN 1013 – Φ85 * 15 St 37 2 8
1 7
St 60 k ISO 2491-A8 * 7*30 ‫א‬ 1 6
DIN 471-25*1.2 1 5
DIN 1013 – Φ80 * 37 St 50 1 4
8.8 ISO 4762-M5*12 ‫א‬ 1 3
DIN 1013 – Φ45 * 196 St60 1 2
GG- 30 1 1
 L‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

-97-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W16
 ‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E4F‫א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬E5F‫א‬J 3
W‫א‬‫א‬ 2 : 1E8F‫א‬‫א‬J 4
 ‫ ( ؟‬8 +0.1 , Φ8 E6 , Φ10 S6 ) 


















-98-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫{א‬F516

8.8 ISO 1207 - M5*10 ‫א‬ 4 11


St 60-2 H ISO 8734 -5 m 6*20 ‫א‬ 4 10
C 35 DIN 1436 – 5 h 11 * 16 1 9
DIN 1013 – Φ85 * 15 CuSn 8 DIN 1850 – G 12 * 16 * 10 2 8
60 SiCr 7 DIN 2098 -1×7×50 1 7
FI DIN 174 – 18 * 5 * 37 C 15 2 6
FI DIN 174 – 15 * 5 * 52 C 15 1 5
4 kt DIN 178 – 20 * 74 C 15 1 4
Rd DIN 668 – 9 *82 C 15 1 3
Rd DIN 1013 – 40 *58 C 15 1 2
FI DIN 174 – 60 * 30 * 92 St 52-3 1 1
L‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-99-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W17
 ‫א‬‫א‬E1F‫א‬J 1
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬E4F‫א‬J 2
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫؟‬E6F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 3




















-100-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 EF517
St 50-2 K ISO 8734 -8 m 6*80 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 4 13
8.8 ISO 4762 - M8*65 ‫א‬ 4 12
St 44-2 DIN 9859-C 40 M30 * 2 1 11
8.8 ISO 4762 – M6*25 ‫א‬ 4 10
FI DIN 174 – 90 * 15* 103 St 44-2 K ‫א‬ 1 9
FI DIN 1017 – 100 * 5 * 204 C 90 HK 2 8
FI DIN 174 – 90 * 18 * 103 St 60-2 K ‫א‬ 1 7
Rd DIN 688 – 56 * 74 X 210 Cr12 H 2 6
Rd DIN 688 – 12 *18 C 15 E ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1 5
FI DIN 174 – 125 * 22 * 139 St 60-2 K 1 4
FI DIN 174 – 36 * 6 * 139 CK 60 HK 2 3
FI DIN 1017 – 130 * 30 *130 179 130W 19 HK 1 2
FI DIN 174 – 125 * 28 * 179 St 44-2 K 1 1

L‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬‫א‬

-101-
‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
coaxialion ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1
coordinate ‫א‬ 2
recess : : : 3
depth of tooth ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 4
parallel displacement ‫א א‬ ‫א‬ 5
transition fit ‫א א‬ 6
excess fit ‫א‬ ‫ א‬: ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 7
loose fit ‫א‬ 8
roundness ‫א א‬ 9
straightness ‫ א‬10
planeness ‫א‬: ‫ א‬11
hylinder ‫א‬ 12
horizontal 13
crossed diagonals 14
maximum limit ‫א‬ ‫ א‬15
minimum clearance ‫א‬ ‫ א‬16
maximum clearance ‫א‬ ‫ א‬17
dimension figure ‫א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫ א‬18
countersinking screw 19
basic profile ‫א‬ ‫א‬ : 20
dimension 21
fit dimension ‫א א‬ 22
nominal distance ‫א‬ 23
boring distance ‫א‬ 24
-102-
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
partial dimension 25
hollow 26
through-bore : 27
numbering 28
hatching : 29
reduction 30
right-angledness 31
run-out tolerance ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 32
general tolerance 33
sheet planning ‫א‬ 34
enlargement 35
bottom boring 36
cross hole 37
three-guarter circle ‫א‬ 38
face of tooth ‫א‬ 39
operation element 40
unmachined part 41
basic body 42
drawing tool 43
feathered edge ‫א א‬ 44
body edge ‫א‬ 45
lataeral edge 46
outer edge 47
inner edge ‫א‬ 48

-103-
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
reference lettering 49
title box ‫א‬ 50
surface roughness 51
lhne 52
concealed contour ‫א‬ 53
information line 54
construction line 55
reference solid line 56
reference dashed line 57
symmetry line ‫א‬ 58
break line ‫א‬ 59
dimension line 60
auxiliary dimension line 61
solid line , narrow 62
solid line , broad 63
zigzag line 64
dashed line 65
dashed line , narrow 66
dashed line , broad 67
contour 68
dash-double-dot line 69
centre line 70
free-hand line 71
clearance 72

-104-
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
arrow ‫א‬ 73
complete drawing : 74
reference number ‫א‬ 75
diameter symbol ‫א‬ 76
helix angle ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 77
polarizing angle ‫א‬ 78
cone angle ‫א‬ 79
central angle ‫א‬ 80
excess length of poket hole ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 81
plane of section ‫א‬ : ‫א‬ 82
front plane : 83
side 84
guide surface : 85
cylindrical form ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 86
cylindrical shape ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 87
line type ‫א‬ 88
plane shape ‫א‬ 89
conical form 90

side of square ‫א‬ : ‫א‬ 91

hole circle template 92


circle template ‫א‬ 93
surface finish ‫א‬ ‫א‬ : ‫א‬ 94
cutting-plane procedure ‫א‬ 95

-105-
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

length 96
‫א‬
width 97
line thickness ‫א‬ 98
width of tooth face ‫א‬ 99
total width 100
depth 101
square column 102
vertical center line 103
tolerance classification ‫א‬ 104
partial section 105
section 106
outside diameter 107
tip diameter ‫א א‬ 108
core diameter ‫א‬ 109
semifinished product 110
arc of circle ‫א‬ 111
coordinate dimensioning ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 112
dimension entry ‫א‬ 113
incremental dimensioning ‫א‬ 114
increment dimensioning ‫א‬ 115
sphere 116
list of parts ‫א‬ 117
four-edged , square 118
centre of radius ‫א‬ 119
section course ‫א‬ 120

-106-
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
reference line 121
dimension reference-line ‫א‬ 122
sectional plane ‫א‬ 123
hexagon 124
projection, view 125
top view 126
side view 127
front view ‫א‬ 128
slotted screw 129
screw bolt 130
surface specification ‫א‬ 131
distance ‫א‬ 132
sheet size ‫א‬ 133
peper size ‫א‬ 135
full-section 136
module ( ) 137
scale 138
half section 139
radius 140
reference point ‫א‬ 141
salient point ( ‫א‬ ) ‫א‬ 142
type of line ‫א‬ 143

-107-
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
‫א‬ J 3
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4
KK‫א‬KK‫א‬‫א‬ J 5

-108-
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
.................................................................................................................................................................. 
.................................................................................................................................................................. 
1 ........................................................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
3 ................................................................... ECNC‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
3 .............................................................................................................................................. W‫א‬‫א‬
4 ...........................................................................................................................................W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
8 ................................................................ ECNCF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
8 .............................................................................................................................................. W‫א‬‫א‬
9 .......................................................................................................................................... W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
13 ......................................................................................................................................................... 
15 ............................................................................................................ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
16 ................................................................................................................................ W‫א‬‫א‬
17 ............................................................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
17 ....................................................................................................................... W‫א‬‫א‬
18 ..................................................................................................................... E21‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
20 .......................................................................................................................................... W‫א‬
21 ..........................................................................................................................................W‫א‬
25 ......................................................................................................................................................... 
30 ........................................................................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
31 .............................................................................................................Properties of springsW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
31 ..................................................................................................................... Kinds of springsW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
32 ............................................................................................................................................. W‫א‬‫א‬
33 .........................................................................................................................................W‫א‬‫א‬
34 ..................................................................................................................................... W‫א‬‫א‬
37 ........................................................................ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
38 .............................................................................................................................W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
39 ...................................................................................................................................................... 
41 ................................................................................................................. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
42 ........................................................................................................................... Kind of gearsW‫א‬‫א‬
44 ................................................................................................................................................ W‫א‬
45 .......................................................................................................................... W‫א‬
46 ........................................................................................................... K ( DIN ISO 2203 )‫א‬‫א‬
47 .................................................................................... EDIN 3966 , ISO 1340 44‫א‬F‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

48 .................................................................................................................... K( DIN ISO 2203 )‫א‬‫א‬


49 ........................................................................ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
51 ......................................................................................................................................................... 
55 ............................................................................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
57 ......................................................................................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬W ‫א‬
57 .................................................................................................................. E51FW‫א‬‫א‬
59 ................................................. K E52‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
61 ...........................................................................................................................E53FW‫א‬
62 ......................................................... E54FK ( DIN 6783 , DIN 6782 ) ‫א‬‫א‬
64 .......................................................................................................................................... W‫א‬
67 ..................................................................................................................................................... 
76 ................................................................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W 
76 .............................................................................................................. W‫א‬‫א‬
77 ..................................................................................... W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
77 ............................................................................................................................ W‫א‬‫א‬
77 ........................................................................................................ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
78 ................................................................................. KE56‫א‬FW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
80 ..................................................................................................................................................... 
102 ......................................................................................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬
108 ........................................................................................................................................................ ‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS