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Mathematics

Board Answer Paper: October 2014


Mathematics and Statistics
SECTION I
Q.1. (A)
i.

Select and write the correct answer from the given alternatives in each of the following
sub-questions:
(D)

a.p + b.q + c.r =

a. b c
a b c

) + b.( c a ) + c.( a b )
a b c

a b c

a b c b c a c a b
+
+

=
a b c a b c a b c

=1+1+1

. a b c = b c a = c a b

=3
ii.

iii.

[2]

(A)
2 0 0
Let A = 0 1 0
0 0 1
Since, AA1 = I
2 0 0
1 0 0
0 1 0 A1 = 0 1 0

0 0 1
0 0 1
1
Applying R1 and (1) R3, we get
2
1

0 0

1
0
0

2
0 1 0 A1 = 0 1 0

0 0 1
0 0 1

2 0 0

A1 = 0 1 0
0 0 1

(B)
The direction ratios of the line are 1 + 4, 3 2, 2 3 i.e., 5, 1, 5
5
1
the direction cosines of the line are
,
,
2
2
2
2
2
5 + 1 + (5)
5 + 1 + (5) 2
i.e.,

5
,
51

[2]

5
5 + 12 + (5) 2
2

1
5
,
51
51

[2]
1

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(B)
i.

Attempt any THREE of the following:


a.
Let p: 5 is an irrational number.

b.

ii.

Board Answer Paper: October 2014

q: 3 + 5 is a complex number.
the symbolic form of the given statement is p q.
Since, the truth value of p is T and that of q is F.
the truth value of p q is F.

[1]

Consider the statement, n N, n + 5 > 10


Clearly, n 6, nN satisfy n + 5 > 10.
its truth value is T.

[1]

Given, c = 3 a 2 b

.(i)

Now, [a b c ] = a (b c)
= a b (3a 2b)
= a (3b a 2b b)

.[From (i)]

= a (3b a 0)

.[ b b = 0]

[1]

= 3 a . (b a )
= 3 [a b a ]
= 3(0)

[a b c] = 0

iii.

Let n = 2 i + j + 2 k

n =

=
=

n
n

[1]
2i + j + 2k

22 +12 + 22

2i + j + 2k
4 +1+ 4
2i + j + 2k

[1]

and p = 5
Vector equation of plane is r n = p

(2i + j+ 2k )

r ( 2i + j + 2k ) = 15

iv.

Cartesian equation of the given line is


3 x + 1 = 6y 2 = 1 z
Dividing throughout by 6, we get
1
1

3 x + 6 y
3
3 (z 1)

=
=
6
6
6
1
1
x+
y
3=
3 = z 1
2
1
6

=5
[1]

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Mathematics

1 1
Let a be the position vector of the line passing through the point , ,1 .
3 3

1
1
a = i + j + k
3
3
Direction ratios of the line are 2, 1, 6.

Let b be the vector parallel to the line.


b = 2i + j 6k

[1]

The vector equation of a line passing through a point with position vector a and parallel to
b is r = a + b .

vector equation of the line is

1 1

r = i + j + k + 2i + j 6k
3
3

[1]

v.

Let L1 and L2 be the two lines with direction ratios 2, 1, 1 and 3, 4, 1 respectively.
Let the direction ratios of the vector perpendicular to L1 and L2 be a, b, c.

2a + b c = 0 and 3a 4b + c = 0

a
1 1
4 1

b
c
=
2 1
2 1
3 1
3 4

[1]

a
b
c
=
=
1 4 2 3 8 + 3

a
b
c
= =
3
5 11

Direction ratios of the required vector are 3, 5 , 11.

Q.2. (A)
i.

[1]

Attempt any TWO of the following:

pq

qr

(p q) r

p (q r)

The entries in the columns 6 and 7 are identical.

(p q) r p (q r)
[1 mark each for column 6 and column 7]

[1]
3

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Board Answer Paper: October 2014

Let OA and OB be two lines through the origin, each making an angle of 30 with the line
3x + 2y 11 = 0.
Let slope of OA (or OB) be m.

ii.

Slope of the line 3x + 2y 11 = 0 is

3
and = 30
2

30
3x + 2y = 11

2
X

30
2

3
m
2
tan 30 =
3
1+ m
2

2m + 3
2 3m

[1]

Squaring on both sides, we get


(2 3m)2 = 3(2m + 3)2

4 12m + 9m2 = 12m2 + 36m + 27

3m2 + 48m + 23 = 0
.(i)
Equation of OA (or OB) is y = mx, since it passes through the origin.

m=

[1]

y
x
Substituting the value of m in (i), we get
2

y
y
3 + 48 + 23 = 0
x
x

3y2
x2

3y2 + 48xy + 23x2 = 0

23x2 + 48xy + 3y2 = 0 is the required joint equation.


4

48 y
+ 23 = 0
x
[1]

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iii.

3
Let x = sin1
5

sin x =

cos x > 0

Mathematics

and 0 < x <


5
2

Now, cos x = 1 sin 2 x


3
= 1
5

= 1
=

9
25

4
5

sin x 3
=
cos x 4

tan x =

3
x = tan1
4

3
3
sin1 = tan1
5
4

3
3
2 sin1 = 2 tan1
4
5

[1]

3
3
= tan1 + tan1
4
4

= tan1

3 3
4+4

1 3 3
4 4

= tan1

6
4
7

16

[1]

6 16
= tan1
4 7

3
24
2 sin1 = tan1
5
7

[1]
5

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(B)
i.

Board Answer Paper: October 2014

Attempt any TWO of the following:


Matrix form of the given system of equations is
2 1
1 x 1


1
2
3 y = 8


3
z 1

1
4


This is of the form AX = B,
2 1 1
x
1

where, A = 1
2 3 , X = y , B = 8
3 1 4
z
1

Applying R1 R2, we get


3 x 8
1 2
2 1 1 y = 1


3
1 4 z 1
Applying R2 R2 2R1, R3 R3 3R1, we get
3 x 8
1 2
0 5 5 y = 15

0 5 13 z 23
Applying R3 R3 R2, we get
3 x 8
1 2
0 5 5 y = 15


0 0 8 z 8
Hence, the original matrix A is reduced to an upper triangular matrix.
By equality of matrices, we get
x + 2y + 3z = 8
....(i)
5y 5z = 15
i.e., y + z = 3
....(ii)
8z = 8
i.e., z = 1
Substituting z = 1 in equation (ii), we get
y+1=3
y=2
Substituting y = 2 and z = 1 in equation (i), we get
x + 2(2) + 3(1) = 8
x=1
x = 1, y = 2, z = 1 is the required solution.

ii.

b c

A
a

P
c

Let a, b and c be the position vectors of points A, B and C respectively with respect to origin
O.
Complete the parallelopiped as shown in the figure with OA , OB and OC as its
coterminous edges.
6

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

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Mathematics

AP is a perpendicular drawn to the plane of b and c . Let be the angle made by AP with
OA. Volume of parallelopiped = (Area of parallelogram OCDB) (height)
Now, area of parallelogram OCDB = b c

.(i)

[1]

.(ii)

[1]

Height of parallelopiped = l(AP) = l(OA) cos


= OA cos
= a cos

From (i) and (ii), we get


volume of parallelopiped = a b c cos

= a ( b c)

Volume of parallelopiped = a b c
Let a = i + j , b = j + k , c = k + i
1 1 0
a b c = 0 1 1

1 0 1

[1]

= 1 (1 0) 1 (0 1) + 0
=1+1
=2
Volume of the parallelopiped is 2 cubic units.

iii.

To draw the feasible region, construct table as follows:

[1]

Inequality
Corresponding equation (of line)
Intersection of line with X-axis

x2
x=2
(2, 0)

x+y3
x+y=3
(3, 0)

Intersection of line with Y-axis


Region

Origin side

(0, 3)
Origin side

2x + y 1
2x + y = 1
1
,0
2
(0, 1)
Origin side

[1]

Y
5
4
3

2 7
C ,
3 3

B(2, 1)

1
(0, 1)D
X

4 3 2 1

O 1

A(2, 0)
3 4

1
2

x+y=3

3
2x + y = 1

x=2

[1]
Y

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Board Answer Paper: October 2014

Shaded portion OABCD is the feasible region, whose vertices are O(0, 0), A(2, 0), B, C and
D(0, 1).
B is the point of intersection of the lines x = 2 and x + y = 3.
Putting x = 2 in x + y = 3, we get
y=1
B (2, 1)
C is the point of intersection of the lines x + y = 3 and 2x + y = 1.
Solving the above equations, we get
2
7
x= ,y=
3
3

2 7
C= ,
3 3
Here, the objective function is Z = 6x + 4y.
Z at O(0, 0) = 6(0) + 4(0) = 0
Z at A(2, 0) = 6(2) + 4(0) = 12
Z at B(2, 1) = 6(2) + 4(1) = 12 + 4 = 16

2 7
2
7
Z at C , = 6 + 4
3 3
3
3
12
28 40
=
+
=
= 13.33
3
3
3
Z at D(0, 1) = 6(0) + 4(1) = 4
Z has maximum value 16 at B(2, 1).
Z is maximum, when x = 2 and y = 1

Q.3. (A)

[1]

[1]

Attempt any TWO of the following:

L.H.S. = 2 a sin 2 + csin 2


2
2

i.

1 cos C 1 cos A
= 2 a
+ c

2
2


= a a cos C + c c cos A
= (a + c) (a cos C + c cos A)
=a+cb
....[By projection rule]
= R.H.S.
ii.

iii.

[1]
[1]

a.

It is day time but it is not warm.

[1]

b.

If it is not day time then it is warm.

[1]

c.

It is warm if and only if it is day time.

[1]

x x1 y y1 z z1
x x2 y y2 z z 2
and
=
=
=
=
a1
b1
c1
a2
b2
c2
are intersecting, if shortest distance is zero.
x2 x1 y2 y1 z 2 z1

The lines

i.e., if

[1]

a1
a2

b1
b2

c1
c2

=0

[1]

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Mathematics

Equations of the given lines are

x 1 y +1 z 1
x3 y k z
=
=
and
=
=
2
3
4
1
2
1
Here, x1 = 1, y1 = 1, z1 = 1, x2 = 3, y2 = k, z2 = 0,
a1 = 2, b1 = 3, c1 = 4, a2 = 1, b2 = 2, c2 = 1
Since, the given lines intersect.
2 k + 1 1

2
1

3
2

4 =0
1

[1]

2(3 8) (k + 1)(2 4) 1(4 3) = 0

10 + 2k + 2 1 = 0

2k 9 = 0

k=

(B)

Attempt any TWO of the following:

i.

The equation r = a + b + c represents a plane passing through a point having position

9
2

[1]

vector a and parallel to vectors b and c .


Here, a = 2i + k , b = i and c = i + 2j 3k

[1]

The given plane is perpendicular to the vector n


i j k
=b c = 1 0 0
1 2 3

= i (0) j(3 0) + k (2 0)
= 3 j + 2 k

()

Normal to the plane n = 3j + 2k

[1]

Vector equation of the required plane is r n = a n

(
) ( )(
)
r ( 3j + 2k ) = 2(0) + 0(3) + 1(2) = 2
r ( 3j + 2k ) = 2 .(i)

=2
Equation of the plane in normal form is r.(3j + 2k)

r 3j + 2k = 2i + k 3j + 2k

[1]

For cartesian form:


Substituting r = xi + yj + zk in (i), we get

( xi + yj + zk ).( 3j + 2k ) = 2

3y + 2z = 2

[1]
9

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Board Answer Paper: October 2014

ii.

Let be the acute angle between the pair of lines ax2 + 2hxy + by2 = 0.

2 h 2 ab
tan =
a+b

.(i)

Comparing the equation 2x2 5xy + 3y2 = 0 with ax2 + 2hxy + by2 = 0, we get
5
2

a = 2, h = , b = 3

[1]

Let be the acute angle between the lines 2x2 5xy + 3y2 = 0.
2

5
2 (2)(3)
2
tan =
2 +3

2
=

25
6
4
5

1
2
2
=
5

tan =

1
5

But =

.(ii)

[1]

.(given)

tan = tan
2 h 2 ab
1
.[From (i) and (ii)]
=
5
a+b

[1]

Squaring on both sides, we get


4(h 2 ab)
1
=
2
(a + b)
25

100(h2 ab) = (a + b)2

iii.

sin x tan x = tan x sin x + 1

sin x tan x tan x + sin x 1 = 0

tan x (sin x 1) + 1(sin x 1) = 0

(sin x 1) (tan x + 1) = 0

sin x = 1 or tan x = 1

sin x = sin or tan x = tan = tan


2
4

10

[1]

[1]

= tan
4
4

[1]

Since, sin = sin implies = n + (1) n and tan = tan implies = n + , n Z.

[1]

the required general solution is x = n + (1)n or x = m +


, where n, m Z.
4
2

[1]

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Mathematics
SECTION II

Q.4. (A)

i.

Select and write the correct answer from the given alternatives in each of the following
sub-questions:

(B)
y = c1ex + c2ex
dy
= c1ex c2ex
dx

d2 y
= c1ex + c2ex
dx 2

d2 y
y=0
dx 2

ii.

(C)

iii.

.[From (i)]

1
k

x
P(x)

.(i)

2
2k

k + 2k + 3k = 1
1
k=
6

[2]

(D)
x+ y
2
sec
=a

x
y

x+ y
= sec1 (a2) = b (say)
x y

x + y = bx b y
(1 + b) y = (b 1) x

b 1
y=
x
b +1

y = cx, where c =

3
3k

Since, the function is a p.m.f.


P( xi ) = 1

[2]

dy
=c
dx
dy
y
=
dx
x

b 1 y
=
b +1 x

.(i)

.[From (i)]

dy
y (1)
dx
x2
y
x y
x
= 2
x
=0

d2 y
=
dx 2

[2]
11

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(B)

i.

Board Answer Paper: October 2014

Attempt any THREE of the following:


1
y = sin1(3x) + sec1
3x

1
. cos 1 ( x) = sec 1
x

. sin 1 x + cos 1 x =
2

= sin1(3x) + cos1(3x)

y=

dy
=0
dx

ii.

Let I =

[1]

x.log x dx

= log x

x2

1 x2
dx
x 2

1
x2
x dx
log x
2
2
x2
x2
I=
log x
+c
2
4
h

[1]

iii.

x dx dx ( log x ) x dx dx

= log x

[1]

[1]

1
dx =
2
16
2 + 8x
h

1
1
dx =

1
16
8 0 x2 +
4

1
8

x
0

1
2

1
+
2

dx =

16
h

1 1 1 x

tan =
16
8 1
1
2
2 0

2 tan 1 (2 x) =
16
8
0

12

1 1
1
tan (2h ) tan 1 (0) =
16
4
4

1 1
tan (2h ) =
16
4

tan 1 (2h ) = ,
2h = tan = 1
4
4
1
h=
2

[1]

[1]

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iv.

Mathematics

Let X be the number of tested component survive.


P(component survive the check test) = p = 0.5, q = 1 0.5 = 0.5
Given, n = 4
X ~ B (4, 0.5)
The p.m.f. of X is given by
P(X = x) = P(x) = 4Cx (0.5) x (0.5)4x
P(X = 2) = 4C2 (0.5)2 (0.5)2 = 6(0.5)4 = 6(0.0625) = 0.375

v.

Required area =

[1]
[1]

/ 2

y dx

/ 2

x=
2

/ 2

sin x dx

Y
y = sin x

/2
/ 2

sin x dx +

/2

sin x dx

= [ cos x ] + [ cos x ]0

/ 2

x=

= cos 0 cos cos cos 0


2

[1]

= | (1 0)| (0 1)
= 1 + 1 = 2 sq. units
Q.5. (A)
i.

[1]

Attempt any TWO of the following:


f(8) = 8 .(given)
log x log8
lim f(x) = lim
x 8
x 8
x 8
Put x 8 = h, then x = 8 + h, as x 8, h 0

lim f(x) = lim


x 8

h 0

log (h + 8) log8
h

[1]

h + 8
log
8
= lim
h 0
h
h
log 1 +
8 1
= lim
h 0
8
h

8

h
log 1 +
1
8
= lim
8 h 0
h

8
=

1
(1)
8

log (1 + x )
h
= 1
. h 0, 0 and lim
x 0
x
8

[1]

1
f(8)
8
Since, lim f(x) f(8), f is discontinuous at x = 8.
=

[1]

x 8

13

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ii.

x = (t) is a differentiable function of t.


dx
= (t)
dt
Put f ( x )dx = g(x)
d
[g(x)] = f(x)
dx
d
d
dx
[g(x)] =
[g(x)]
Consider,
dt
dx
dt
dx
= f (x)
dt
= f[(t)] (t)

By definition of integration, g(x) =

f ( x)dx = f[ ( t )] ' ( t ) dt

iii.

3ex tan y dx + (1 + ex) sec2 y dy = 0


3e x
sec 2 y
d
x
+
dy = 0
1 + ex
tan y
Integrating on both sides, we get
sec 2 y
3e x
1 + e x dx + tan y dy = c1

(B)
i.

14

Board Answer Paper: October 2014

[1]
.(By chain rule)

[1]

f[ ( t )] ' ( t ) dt
[1]

[1]

3 log |1 + ex| + log|tan y| = log|c|, where c1 = log|c|


log|1 + ex|3 + log|tan y| = log|c|
log|(1 + ex)3 tan y | = log|c|
(1 + ex)3 tan y = c
When x = 0, y =
(1 + e0)3 tan = c
c=0
the particular solution is (1 + ex)3 tan y = 0.
Attempt any TWO of the following:
Let S be the position of source of light.
Let BD be the position of the man at time t.
Let AB = x and BC = length of the shadow = y
dx
S
Now,
= 100 ft/min
dt
From the figure,
ASC BDC
30
AS AC
=
BD BC
30 x + y
=
x
A
6
y

5y = x + y
x
y=
4
dy
dx
1
=
= (100) = 25
dt 4dt 4

[1]

[1]

D
6
B

[1]

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Mathematics

the shadow of the man is lengthening at the rate 25 ft/min.


The tip of shadow is at C. Let AC = z
BC = z x
AS AC
=
BD BC
30
z
=
6
zx
5z 5x = z
5
z= x
4
dz 5 dx
5
= (100) = 125
=
dt 4 dt
4
the tip of the shadow is moving at the rate 125 ft/min.

ii.

Let I =

log x

(1 + log x )

[1]

[1]

[1]

dx

Put log x = t
x = et
dx = et dt
t
I =
et dt
2
1
t
+
( )

[1]

( t + 1) 1
et
dt
2
(1 + t )

e (1 + t ) (1 + t )

t +1

dt

1
1

= et
dt
2
1 + t (1 + t )
1
Put f(t) =
1+ t
1
f (t) =
2
(1 + t )

I =

[1]

e f ( t ) + f ( t ) dt
t

= et f(t) + c = et

[1]

1
+c
1+ t

x
+c
1 + log x

I=

iii.

x and y are differentiable functions of t.


Let there be a small increment t in the value of t.
Correspondingly, there should be a small increments x, y in the values of x and y
respectively.
As t 0, x 0, y 0

[1]

15

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Board Answer Paper: October 2014

y
y t
=
Consider,
x x
t
lim
Taking
on both sides, we get
t 0

Q.6. (A)
i.

y
lim
y t 0 t
lim =
t 0 x
x
lim
t 0 t
Since, x and y are differentiable functions of t,
y dy
lim = exists and is finite.
t 0 t
dt
x dx
lim = exists and is finite.
t 0 t
dt
dy
y dt
lim =

t 0 x
dx
dt
dy
y dt
lim =
(as t 0, x 0)
x 0 x
dx
dt
Limits on right hand side exists and are finite.
Limits on the left hand side should also exists and be finite.
y
dy
lim
=
exists and is finite.
x 0 x
dx
dy
dy dt dx
=
0
,
dx dx dt
dt
x = a cos t and y = a sin t
dx
dy
= a sin t and
= a cos t
dt
dt
dy
dy dt
a cos t
=
=
= cot t
x
d
dx
a sin t
dt
Attempt any TWO of the following:
First, we need to verify that cosine function is continuous.
We know that, f(x) = cos x is defined for every real number.
Let c be a real number.
Put x = c + h, then as x c, h 0
lim f(x) = lim cos x = lim cos (c + h) = lim (cos c cos h sin c sin h)
x c

x c

h 0

h 0

= lim (cos c cos h) lim (sin c sin h) = cos c(1) sin c(0) = cos c = f(c)
h 0

Thus, lim f(x) = f(c)


x c

16

h 0

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

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ii.

Mathematics

Hence, cosine function is a continuous function.


Let g(x) = | cos x |
for cos x < 0
Then, g(x) = cos x,
= cos x,
for cos x 0
Since, cos x is continuous, cos x (i.e., k cos x, where k = 1) is also continuous.
g(x) = | cos x | is a continuous function.
dy
y
y + x2 + y 2
=
=
+
x
dx
x

[1]

[1]
[1]

x2 + y 2
x2

2
dy
y
y
=
+ 1+
....(i)
dx
x
x
y
=u
....(ii)
Put
x
y = ux
Differentiating w.r.t. x, we get
dy
du
=u+x
....(iii)
dx
dx
Substituting (ii) and (iii) in (i), we get
du
u+x
= u + 1 + u2
dx
du
x
= 1 + u2
dx
dx
du
=
2
x
1+ u
Integrating on both sides, we get
dx
du
=
+ c1
x
1 + u2

[1]

log u + 1 + u 2 = log |x| + log |c|, where c1 = log|c|

log u + 1 + u 2 = log |cx|

u + 1 + u 2 = cx

y
y2
+ 1+ 2 = cx
x
x

y + x2 + y 2
= cx
x
x 2 + y 2 = cx2

y+

iii.

Given X B(n, p), n = 20 and E(X) = 10


Since, E(X) = np
10 = 20p
1
p=
2
1 1
q=1p=1 =
2 2

[1]

[1]

[1]

17

Target Publications Pvt. Ltd.

Board Answer Paper: October 2014

Var.(X) = npq
= 20

1 1

2 2

=5
S.D.(X) = Var(X)
=
(B)
i.

[1]

[1]

Attempt any TWO of the following:


Let X = demand for each type of cake (according to the profit)
10
P(X = 3) = 10% =
= 0.1
100
5
= 0.05
P(X = 2.5) = 5% =
100
20
= 0.2
P(X = 2) = 20% =
100
50
P(X = 1.5) = 50% =
= 0.5
100
15
= 0.15
P(X = 1) = 15% =
100
The probability distribution table is as follows:

X
3
P(X) 0.1
E(X) =

2.5
0.05

2
0.2

1.5
0.5

1
0.15

ii.

f(x) = x +

18

[1]

x P(x )

= 3(0.1) + 2.5(0.05) + 2(0.2) + 1.5(0.5) + 1(0.15)


= 0.3 + 0.125 + 0.4 + 0.75 + 0.15 = 1.725
= 1.73
Expected profit per cake = ` 1.73

[1]

1
, x [1, 3]
x
As f(x) is a polynomial function,
a.
f(x) is continuous on [1, 3]
b.
f(x) is differentiable on (1, 3)
Thus, all the conditions of LMVT are satisfied.
To verify LMVT, we need to find c [1, 3]
f (3) f (1)
.(i)
such that f (c) =
3 1
1 10
and f(1) = 1 + 1 = 2
Now, f(3) = 3 + =
3 3
1
f (x) = 1 2
x
1
f (c) = 1 2
c
From (i), we get
f ( 3) f (1)
1
=1 2
c
3 1

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

Target Publications Pvt. Ltd.

Mathematics

10
2
1
3
=1 2
c
3 1
4
3 = 1 1
c2
2
2
1
1 = 2
3
c
1
1
= 2
3
c
c2 = 3
c2 = 3
c= 3
c = 3 lies between 1 and 3.
Thus, LMVT is verified.

[1]

f ( x)dx

iii.

Let I =

Put x = a + b t
dx = dt
When x = a, t = b and when x = b, t = a

I = f (a + b t) (dt)

[1]

= f (a + b t)dt
b

a
b

. f ( x)dx = f ( x)dx
a
b
a

b
b
b
b

a f ( x)dx = a f (a + b x) dx . a f ( x)dx = a f (t)dt


b
f ( x)
.(i)
dx
Let I =
f ( x) + f(a + b x)
a
b

= f (a + b t) dt

f (a + b x)

f (a + b x) + f(a + b (a + b x)) dx

I=

a
b

[1]

f (a + b x)

f(a + b x) + f( x) dx

I=

.(ii)

[1]

Adding (i) and (ii), we get


b
f ( x) + f(a + b x)
dx
2I =
f( x) + f(a + b x)
a
b

2I =

1dx
a

2I = [ x ]a

I=

ba
2

[1]0
19