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Project: PIC LED Sequencer


Discussion in 'The Completed Projects Collection' started by MMcLaren, Mar 17, 2012.
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1.

MMcLaren Thread Starter Active Member


Joined:
Feb 14, 2010
Messages:
657
Location:
Michigan, USA
For my very first project submission I'd like to present a relatively simple PIC based
LED sequencer project. By "relatively simple" I mean each LED is directly driven
from an I/O pin, and while this method generally uses more pins when compared to
multiplexing to drive the same number of LEDs, it does make the PIC program much
simpler.

Prerequisites
While you don't need to be a micro controller expert to build this project and create
nifty LED FX (effects), you will need the (free) Microchip MPLAB IDE (integrated
development environment) installed on a PC and a programmer such as the PICKIT2
to "burn" the program which contains your LED 'FX' sequences into the PIC device.
You also need the basic skills and tools necessary to build the project on a solderless
breadboard or a prototype board.
Hardware
While the project requires very few parts, you need to decide how you want to build it.
I used an inexpensive phenolic prototype board available from Radio Shack (sku 276149) with a plastic coated paper silkscreen glued onto the top, but you might decide to
build the circuit on a solderless breadboard or perhaps etch your own printed circuit
board.

Code:

Parts List
1
8
8
1
1
1
1
1

ea.
ea.
ea.
ea.
ea.
ea.
ea.
ea.

C1, 0.1uf monolithic ceramic capacitor


D1-D8, generic discrete LED
R1-R8, 470 ohm, 1/8th watt carbon film resistor
R9, 10 kohm, 1/8th watt carbon film resistor
SW1, generic PCB momentary contact switch
U1, PIC16F628A micro controller
prototype board or solderless breadboard
regulated 5 volt D.C. power source

Software
The program is designed to continuously display LED sequences contained in one of
eight FX (effects) tables. Each table can contain up to 255 sequences or steps and each
step contains two parts, (1) the LED <pattern>, and (2) the <duration> for that pattern.
The <pattern> part of each step is simply eight bits which match the position of the
eight LEDs on the project board. A '1' bit will turn an LED on while a '0' bit will turn
an LED off. The <duration> part of each step must contain a value from 1 to 255
which corresponds to the time the pattern will be displayed in 10-ms increments
(1..255 duration = 10..2550 msecs) before going on to the next step. When the
program has finished displaying the last step in an FX table, it wraps around to start
again at the first step in that table. When you press the push button switch, the
program will move on to displaying the next FX table. Here's what one of the program
FX tables looks like (for a Knight Rider type effect);
Code:
fx2

dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt

(fx3-fx2)/2
b'00000001',8
b'00000010',8
b'00000100',8
b'00001000',8
b'00010000',8
b'00100000',8
b'01000000',8
b'10000000',8
b'01000000',8
b'00100000',8
b'00010000',8
b'00001000',8
b'00000100',8
b'00000010',8

; <steps>
; <pattern>, <duration>
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;

|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0
|B0

fx3

Using MPLAB, the user can edit or modify any line in an FX table or insert and delete
lines in an FX table and the program will automatically keep track of the number of
steps in each table.
Summary
Short of teaching someone how to use MPLAB, which is beyond the scope of this
article, feel free to ask questions if, as I suspect, I've left out some important piece of
information.
Cheerful regards, Mike
Attached Files:

Sequencer Top.png

File size:
266.1 KB
Views:
540

Sequencer Bottom.png

File size:
275.5 KB
Views:
127

16F628A LED Sequencer.asm.txt

File size:
13.2 KB
Views:
109

Sequencer Silkscreen.png

File size:
24.9 KB
Views:
82

Simple 8-Chan LED Sequencer.png

File size:
32.5 KB
Views:
53
Last edited: Jun 2, 2014
MMcLaren, Mar 17, 2012
#1
RRITESH KAKKAR likes this.
2.

Sparky49 Active Member


Joined:
Jul 16, 2011
Messages:
777
Location:
Cambridgeshire
Hi,
I am interested in your project, but it looks like your image links are broken.
Sparky49, Mar 18, 2012
#2
3.

Bill_Marsden Moderator Staff Member


Joined:
Mar 24, 2008
Messages:
19,402
Location:
Dallas, TX (GMT-5 w/ DST)
Nice job! It is approved. I'll post a link in the index ASAP.
Much better submission than most. It sets the standard.
I put it in the Lighting, LED Flashlights, Etc catagory.
If you want me to move it to the Microprocessors / Micro Controllers class let me
know.
Bill_Marsden, Mar 18, 2012
#3
4.

Georacer Moderator Staff Member


Joined:
Nov 25, 2009
Messages:
4,959
Location:
Athens, Greece (GMT +2)
Neat project, very compact.
I wonder: Am I the only one who uses stripped wires on the underside of the
perfboard? I feel they 're more manipulable this way.
Georacer, Mar 18, 2012
#4
5.

Bill_Marsden Moderator Staff Member


Joined:
Mar 24, 2008
Messages:
19,402
Location:
Dallas, TX (GMT-5 w/ DST)
I like the insulation. I did buy some specialty teflon ultra fine wire though, both 28 and
30 gauge. Teflon won't melt when soldered, but it is expensive and soft (cold flows).

Bill_Marsden, Mar 18, 2012


#5
6.

DerStrom8 Well-Known Member


Joined:
Feb 20, 2011
Messages:
2,011
Location:
Vermont, U.S.A. (GMT-5)
Well done, MMcLaren.
@Geo, I use insulated wire for a few reasons--One, it prevents shorts, two, it prevents
shorts, and three, it prevents shorts.
DerStrom8, Mar 18, 2012
#6
Sparky49 likes this.
7.

gerty Well-Known Member


Joined:
Aug 30, 2007
Messages:
947
Location:
Tennessee GMT -5
Am I the only one who uses stripped wires on the underside of the
perfboard
Click to expand...
I use 30 gauge wire wrap wire (insulated) for jobs like this. I use standard sockets and
solder the connections.
Edit: here's a couple of lousy pics of the sequencer we made in class here for future
students to learn programming.
It shows the type of wire I'm referring to.
Attached Files:

front.png

File size:
156.5 KB
Views:
68

back.png

File size:
189.3 KB
Views:
69
Last edited: Mar 19, 2012
gerty, Mar 19, 2012
#7

8.

RRITESH KAKKAR Well-Known Member


Joined:
Jun 29, 2010
Messages:
1,388
Location:
India
Nice work!
RRITESH KAKKAR, Apr 9, 2012
#8
9.

BillO Well-Known Member


Joined:
Nov 24, 2008
Messages:
974
Location:
Canada
Cool.
I also use wire wrap wire to hook up circuits.
BillO, Apr 9, 2012
#9
10.

Bill_Marsden Moderator Staff Member


Joined:
Mar 24, 2008
Messages:
19,402
Location:

Dallas, TX (GMT-5 w/ DST)


If someone could go through the programing steps that would be useful.
That, and I'm eradicating a spammer trace.
Bill_Marsden, Apr 26, 2012
#10
DerStrom8 likes this.
11.

MMcLaren Thread Starter Active Member


Joined:
Feb 14, 2010
Messages:
657
Location:
Michigan, USA
While a printed circuit board (PCB) would be best, using 30 gauge kynar wire-wrap
wire for these little point-to-point wiring projects does work quite well. The same
wiring method will be used on an upcoming project board (preview below).
Cheerful regards, Mike
Attached Files:

4-Digit #2.jpg

File size:
77.7 KB
Views:
24

4-Digit Silk.jpg

File size:
61.5 KB
Views:
16
MMcLaren, Apr 26, 2012
#11
12.

Sparky49 Active Member


Joined:
Jul 16, 2011
Messages:
777
Location:
Cambridgeshire

Videos please!!!
Sparky49, Apr 26, 2012
#12
13.

tracecom Well-Known Member


Joined:
Apr 16, 2010
Messages:
3,342
Location:
West Tennessee
I am a complete novice to PIC programming, so the answer to this question may be
obvious to everyone but me. When I try to build the project, it fails with the following
report.
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 182 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 182 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 183 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 183 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 184 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 184 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 185 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 185 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 186 : Operand contains unresolvable

labels or is too complex


Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 186 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 187 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 187 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 188 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 188 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 189 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM PLAYTIME
PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 189 : Operand contains unresolvable
labels or is too complex
Halting build on first failure as requested.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Debug build of project `C:\Documents and Settings\Charles R. Hampton\Desktop\PIC
MCU's\CRH Project Files\MPASM Playtime Projects\PIC16F628A LED
Sequencer.mcp' failed.
Language tool versions: MPASMWIN.exe v5.43, mplink.exe v4.41, mplib.exe v4.41
Preprocessor symbol `__DEBUG' is defined.
Tue May 08 15:06:34 2012
---------------------------------------------------------------------BUILD FAILED
The errors seem to point to this section of the code.
Code:
;******************************************************************
; directory of fx tables (index 0..7 -> fx1..fx8)
*
;******************************************************************
fxdir
dt
fx1%256,fx1/256 ; fx1 array address
|B0
dt
fx2%256,fx2/256 ; fx2 array address
|B0
dt
fx3%256,fx3/256 ; fx3 array address
|B0
dt
fx4%256,fx4/256 ; fx4 array address
|B0
dt
fx5%256,fx5/256 ; fx5 array address
|B0
dt
fx6%256,fx6/256 ; fx6 array address
|B0
dt
fx7%256,fx7/256 ; fx7 array address
|B0
dt
fx8%256,fx8/256 ; fx8 array address
|B0

Can someone tell my why and how to fix the problem? Thanks.

tracecom, May 8, 2012


#13
14.

DerStrom8 Well-Known Member


Joined:
Feb 20, 2011
Messages:
2,011
Location:
Vermont, U.S.A. (GMT-5)
tracecom said:
I am a complete novice to PIC programming, so the answer to this
question may be obvious to everyone but me. When I try to build the
project, it fails with the following report.
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 182 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 182 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 183 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 183 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 184 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 184 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 185 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 185 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 186 :

Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex


Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 186 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 187 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 187 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 188 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 188 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 189 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Error[151] C:\DOCUMENTS AND SETTINGS\CHARLES R.
HAMPTON\DESKTOP\PIC MCU'S\CRH PROJECT FILES\MPASM
PLAYTIME PROJECTS\16F628A LED SEQUENCER.ASM 189 :
Operand contains unresolvable labels or is too complex
Halting build on first failure as requested.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Debug build of project `C:\Documents and Settings\Charles R.
Hampton\Desktop\PIC MCU's\CRH Project Files\MPASM Playtime
Projects\PIC16F628A LED Sequencer.mcp' failed.
Language tool versions: MPASMWIN.exe v5.43, mplink.exe v4.41,
mplib.exe v4.41
Preprocessor symbol `__DEBUG' is defined.
Tue May 08 15:06:34 2012
---------------------------------------------------------------------BUILD FAILED
Can someone tell my why and how to fix the problem? Thanks.
Click to expand...
Could you post your present code, please?
I think your problem is that you're building the program as relocatable code. If you
change it in MPLAB to absolute code, it shouldn't give you the error. I may be wrong,
but it's worth a shot.
Last edited: May 8, 2012
DerStrom8, May 8, 2012
#14
15.

tracecom Well-Known Member


Joined:
Apr 16, 2010
Messages:
3,342
Location:
West Tennessee
DerStrom8 said:
Could you post your present code, please?
I think your problem is that you're building the program as absolute code.
If you change it in MPLAB to relocatable code, it shouldn't give you the
error. I may be wrong, but it's worth a shot.
Click to expand...
I think I chose relocatable code, but I could be wrong.
I tried to post the code, but it exceeds the 10000 character limit. It's the code that was
attached to the original post in this thread.
tracecom, May 8, 2012
#15
16.

DerStrom8 Well-Known Member


Joined:
Feb 20, 2011
Messages:
2,011
Location:
Vermont, U.S.A. (GMT-5)
tracecom said:
I think I chose relocatable code, but I could be wrong.
Click to expand...
Sorry, please read my edited post. I had relocatable and absolute backwards.
DerStrom8, May 8, 2012
#16
17.

tracecom Well-Known Member


Joined:
Apr 16, 2010
Messages:

3,342
Location:
West Tennessee
DerStrom8 said:
Sorry, please read my edited post. I had relocatable and absolute
backwards.
Click to expand...
OK, I just changed it to absolute and it compiled. What I don't know about
programming PICs is limitless.
So, I programmed the chip. Now, I have to disconnect the wires that were connected to
pins 12 and 13, and use those pins (plus others) to connect to LEDs per the schematic.
Correct?
tracecom, May 8, 2012
#17
18.

DerStrom8 Well-Known Member


Joined:
Feb 20, 2011
Messages:
2,011
Location:
Vermont, U.S.A. (GMT-5)
tracecom said:
OK, I just changed it to absolute and it compiled. What I don't know
about programming PICs is limitless.
So, I programmed the chip. Now, I have to disconnect the wires that were
connected to pins 12 and 13, and use those pins (plus others) to connect to
LEDs per the schematic. Correct?
Click to expand...
if 12 and 13 are PGC and PGD, and you want to use them as ports, then yes-- You'll
need to disconnect your programmer from the circuit in order for it to work.
DerStrom8, May 8, 2012
#18
19.

tracecom Well-Known Member


Joined:
Apr 16, 2010
Messages:

3,342
Location:
West Tennessee
It works! I have LEDs flashing.
tracecom, May 8, 2012
#19
20.

MMcLaren Thread Starter Active Member


Joined:
Feb 14, 2010
Messages:
657
Location:
Michigan, USA
tracecom said:
It works! I have LEDs flashing.
Click to expand...
hi tracecom,
Thank you for trying the project and my apologies for forgetting to say it was an
"absolute" mode project.
Have fun... Cheerful regards, Mike
Last edited: May 8, 2012
MMcLaren, May 8, 2012
#20
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