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FARGARD III.

The Earth.
I.
1. O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Which is the first place where the Earth feels
most happy?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the place whereon one of the faithful steps forward, O Spitama
Zarathustra! with the holy wood in his hand 1, the baresma 2 in his hand, the holy meat in his
hand,
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the holy mortar 1 in his hand, fulfilling the law with love, and beseeching aloud Mithra, the lord of
wide pastures, and Rma Hvstra 2.'
2, 3 (6-10). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Which is the second place where the
Earth feels most happy?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the place whereon one of the faithful erects a house with a priest
within, with cattle, with a wife, with children, and good herds within; and wherein afterwards the
cattle go on thriving, holiness is thriving 3, fodder is thriving, the dog is thriving, the wife is
thriving, the child is thriving, the fire is thriving, and every blessing of life is thriving.'
4 (11). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Which is the third place where the Earth
feels most happy?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the place where one of the faithful cultivates most corn, grass, and
fruit, O Spitama Zarathustra! where he waters ground that is dry, or dries ground that is too wet.'
5 (15). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Which is the fourth place where the Earth
feels most happy?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the place where there is most increase of flocks and herds.'
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6 (18). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Which is the fifth place where the Earth
feels most happy?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the place where flocks and herds yield most dung.'

II.
7 (21). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Which is the first place where the Earth
feels sorest grief?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the neck of Arezra 1, whereon the hosts of fiends rush forth from
the burrow of the Drug 2.'
8 (25). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Which is the second place where the
Earth feels sorest grief?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the place wherein most corpses of dogs and of men lie buried 3.'
9 (28). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Which is the third place where the Earth
feels sorest grief?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the place whereon stand most of those Dakhmas on which
corpses of men are deposited 4.'

10. (31). O Maker of the material world, thou


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[paragraph continues]Holy One! Which is the fourth place where the Earth feels sorest grief?

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the place wherein are most burrows of the creatures of Angra
Mainyu 1.'
11 (34). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Which is the fifth place where the Earth
feels sorest grief?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is the place whereon the wife and children of one of the faithful 2, O
Spitama Zarathustra! are driven along the way of captivity, the dry, the dusty way, and lift up a
voice of wailing.'

III.
12 (38). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Who is the first that rejoices the Earth
with greatest joy?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is he who digs out of it most corpses of dogs and men 3.'
13 (41). O Maker of the material world, thou
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[paragraph continues]Holy One! Who is the second that rejoices the Earth with greatest joy?

Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is he who pulls down most of those Dakhmas on which corpses of
men are deposited.'
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14 (44). Let no man alone by himself carry a corpse 1. If a man alone by himself carry a corpse,
the Nasu 2rushes upon him, to defile him, from the nose of the dead, from the eye, from the
tongue, from the jaws, from the sexual organ, from the hinder parts. This Drug, this Nasu, falls
upon him, stains him even to the end of the nails, and he is unclean, thenceforth, for ever and
ever.
15 (49). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! What shall be the place of that man who
has carried a corpse alone 3?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It shall be the place on this earth wherein is least water and fewest
plants, whereof the ground is the cleanest and the driest and the least passed through by flocks
and herds, by Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda, by the consecrated bundles of baresma, and by the
faithful.'
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6 (55). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! How far from the fire? How far from the
water? How far from the consecrated bundles of baresma? How far from the faithful?
17 (5 7). Ahura Mazda answered: Thirty paces from the fire, thirty paces from the water, thirty
paces from the consecrated bundles of baresma, three paces from the faithful.
18, 19 (58-63). There, on that place, shall the Worshippers of Mazda erect an enclosure 1, and
therein shall they establish him with food, therein shall they establish him with clothes, with the
coarsest food and with the most worn-out clothes. That food he shall live on, those clothes he
shall wear, and thus shall they let him live, until he has grown to the age of a Hana, or of a
Zaurura, or of a Pairista-khshudra 2.
20, 21 (64-71). 'And when he has grown to the age of a Hana, or of a Zaurura, or of a Pairistakhshudra, then the worshippers of Mazda shall order a man strong, vigorous, and skilful 3, to
flay the skin off his body and cut the head off his neck 4, on the top of the mountain: and they

shall deliver his corpse unto the greediest of the corpse-eating creatures made by Ahura Mazda,
to the greedy ravens, with these words: "The man here has repented of all his evil thoughts,
words, and deeds.
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[paragraph continues]If he has committed any other evil deed, it is remitted by his repentance 1: if

he has committed no other evil deed, he is absolved by his repentance, for ever and ever 2."'
22 (72). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Who is the third that rejoices the Earth
with greatest joy?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'It is he who fills up most burrows of the creatures of Angra Mainyu.'
23 (75). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Who is the fourth that rejoices the Earth
with greatest joy?
Ahura Mazda answered: It is he who cultivates most corn, grass, and fruit, O Spitama
Zarathustra! who waters ground that is dry, or dries ground that is too wet 3.
24 (79). Unhappy is the land that has long lain unsown with the seed of the sower and wants a
good husbandman, like a well-shapen maiden who has long gone childless and wants a good
husband.
25 (84). He who would till the earth, O Spitama Zarathustra! with the left arm and the right, with
the right arm and the left, unto him will she bring
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forth plenty, like a loving bride on her bed, unto her beloved; the bride will bring forth children,
the earth will bring forth plenty of fruit.
26, 27 (87-90). He who would till the earth, O Spitama Zarathustra! with the left arm and the
right, with the right arm and the left, unto him thus says the Earth: "O thou man! who dost till me
with the left arm and the right, with the right arm and the left hither shall people ever come and
beg (for bread 1), here shall I ever go on bearing, bringing forth all manner of food, bringing forth
profusion of corn 2."
28, 29 (91-95). 'He who does not till the earth, O Spitama Zarathustra! with the left arm and the
right, with the right arm and the left, unto him thus says the Earth: "O thou man I who dost not till
me with the left arm and the right, with the right arm and the left, ever shalt thou stand at the
door of the stranger, among those who beg for bread; ever shalt thou wait there for the refuse
that is brought unto thee 3, brought by those who have profusion of wealth."'
30 (96). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! What is the food that fills the law of
Mazda 4?
Ahura Mazda answered: It is sowing corn again and again, O Spitama Zarathustra!
31 (99). He who sows corn, sows holiness: he
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makes the law of Mazda grow higher and higher: he makes the law of Mazda as fat as he can
with a hundred acts of adoration, a thousand oblations, ten thousand sacrifices 1.
32 (105). When barley is coming forth, the Davas start up 2; when the corn is growing rank 3,
then faint the Davas hearts; when the corn is being ground 4, the Davas groan; when wheat is
coming forth, the Davas are destroyed. In that house they can no longer stay, from that house
they are beaten away, wherein wheat is thus coming forth 5. It is as though red hot iron were
turned about in their throats, when there is plenty of corn.

33 (111). 'Then let (the priest) teach people this holy saying: "No one who does not eat, has
strength to do works of holiness, strength to do works of husbandry, strength to beget children.
By eating every material creature lives, by not eating it dies away 6."'
34 (116). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Who is the fifth that rejoices the Earth
with greatest joy?
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Ahura Mazda answered: [It is he who tilling the earth, O Spitama Zarathustra! kindly and
piously gives 1 to one of the faithful.]
35 (118). 'He who tilling the earth, O Spitama Zarathustra! would not kindly and piously give to
one of the faithful, he shall fall down into the darkness of Spenta rmaiti 2, down into the world
of woe, the dismal realm, down into the house of hell.'

IV.
36 (122). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a man shall bury in the earth either
the corpse of a dog or the corpse of a man, and if he shall not disinter it within half a year, what
is the penalty that he shall pay?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'Five hundred stripes with the Aspah-astra 3, five hundred stripes with
the Sraosh-karana.'
37 (126). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a man shall bury in the earth either
the corpse of a dog or the corpse of a man, and if he shall not disinter it within a year, what is
the penalty that he shall pay?
Ahura Mazda answered: 'A thousand stripes with the Aspah-astra, a thousand stripes with the
Sraosh-karana.'
38 (130). O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! If a man shall bury in the earth either
the corpse of a dog or the corpse of a man, and if he shall not disinter it within the second year,
what
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is the penalty for it? What is the atonement for it? What is the cleansing from it?
39 (135). Ahura Mazda answered: 'For that deed there is nothing that can pay, nothing that can
atone, nothing that can cleanse from it; it is a trespass for which there is no atonement, for ever
and ever.'
40 (137). When is it so?
It is so, if the sinner be a professor of the law of Mazda, or one who has been taught in it 1. But
if he be not a professor of the law of Mazda, nor one who has been taught in it 2, then this law of
Mazda takes his sin from him, if he confesses it 3 and resolves never to commit again such
forbidden deeds.
41 (142). The law of Mazda indeed, O Spitama Zarathustra! takes away from him who
confesses it the bonds of his sin 4; it takes away (the sin of) breach of trust 5; it takes away (the
sin of) murdering one of the faithful 6; it takes away (the sin of) burying a corpse 7; it takes away
(the sin of)
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deeds for which, there is no atonement; it takes away the heaviest penalties of sin 1; it takes
away any sin that may be sinned.
42 (149). In the same way the law of Mazda, O Spitama Zarathustra! cleanses the faithful from
every evil thought, word, and deed, as a swift-rushing mighty wind cleanses the plain 2.

'So let all the deeds thou doest be henceforth good, O Zarathustra! a full atonement for thy sin
is effected by means of the law of Mazda.'