action research

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action research

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INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction

response of internal and external stimuli. All pertains to a person's action as they

constitute a means of evaluation by other. Behaviour is the most general:The

children were on their best behaviour. Conduct applies to actions comsidered

from the stand point of morality and ethics.

The line among modifications in accepted behaviour of the children and

adolesents mamny times doesn't differ from the accepted, even the one which

leads them to an educational Institution. Many children and adolesents sent to

an educational institutions shows us the essence of their vulnerability and the

reasons for elimination of the individuals under the paradigm of help. Social

belonging, family relationships and relationships in school proved to be of

principal importance.

Occasionally a student will behave in the classroom in a way that disrupts

the class and makes teaching very difficult. The purpose is to describe other

resources on campus that can help you deal with these difficult situations, to

give you information which will increase your chances for successfully

managing these situations, to give you information which will increase your

likelihood of success if you choose to use the student disciplinary process, and

to make you aware of resources which could help students exhibiting distressed

behaviors.

When RESEARCHER was a kid, going to school was always stressful. It

seemed as though the the researcher goes to school the various classrom

problem distrubs the attention, some time the topic is not so interested which

lead to dis interest in the topic and leads to poor concentarion. The class mates

inetractivity also influenced to change the behaviour of students. So, when

Researcher was doing the internship and had to complete a part of it called

1

to clear researcher curiosity about this problem. Was this problem of school

stress being my personal problem or a common one? And to clear my doubt, I

decided my topic of action research as To study the behaviour problem of

secondary school student'.

To study the behaviour problem of secondary school student.

1.4 OBJECTIVES

To study the reasons for misbehaviour of students in class room.

To find out the difference in classroom behaviour of girls and boy student

1.5 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY

The study has vast scope. This study is applicable to secondary sections

of the school. And for English medium school.

This questionnaire is limited only up to VIII std.The study is done only in

Sailee International school , borivali(w). It was restricted to VIII standard of

same school.

This study will be a significant endeavor in helping a student to design

for the proper managing and give more concentration in class. It will motivate

or boost a students knowledge and will help him see his ability to learn and

assimilate information.

To a teacher, this research can prove as a guide for an enhancement of

performance of her / his students. It will also be beneficial for her / his to bring

back the interest of the child. It will help the teacher to be aware of the

2

limitation of various study skills according to the age level of the students. This

study also puts light on the psychology of the child related to behaviour in class

and will help the teacher in the classroom for future counseling of the child, if

required.

Moreover, this research will provide recommendations to the

management. Students behaviour can be improved by proper managing

committee. Periodically review the rules and procedure of the classroom until

the students can successfully adhere to them.The managements should regularly

check and improve the working system of class and introduce e-learning or

other facilities which increases the student learning.

CHAPTER II

RESEARCH DESIGN

2.1 Introduction

Research Design may define as the systematic and objective analysis and

recording of controlled observation that may lead o the development of

generalization, principles or theories resulting in prediction and possibly

3

imtensive process of carrying on a scientific method of analysis. It is more

systematic activity that is directed toward discovery and the development of an

organized body of knowledge.

The study has the following variables.

1) Multiple Intelligences of student.

2) Parent's educational background.

Research Design has been classified into three types, they are Historical

Research, Descriptive Research and Experimental Research.

# Historical Research describes what was the process involves investigating,

recording, analyzing and interpreting the events of the past for the purpose of

discovering generalization that are helpful in understanding the past and the

present and to a limited extent, in anticipating the future.

# Descriptive Research describes what is, describing recording, analyzing and

interpreting conditions that exist. It involves some type of comparison or

contrast and attempt to discover relationship between existing non manipulated

variables. Descriptive Research can be divided into two board categoriesQualitatibe Analysis nd Quantity Analysis

#Experimental Research describes what will be when certain variables are

carefully controlled or manipulated. The focus is on variables relationships.

Delibrate manipulation is always a part of the experimental method.

For the Present Study Descriptive Research also known as non- experimental

or correlation research was used. It deals with relationship between variables,

the testing of the hypothesis, and the development of generalization, principles

or theories that have universal validity. It is concerned with functional

relationship.

Descriptive Research can be divided into two board categories Quantitative and

Qualitative research.

Quantitative research consist of those studies in which the data concerned can

be analyzed in term of numbers.

Qualitative research is used to describe events, persons and so forth

scientifically without the use of numerical data.

2.3 Sample

Sample is a subset containing the characteristics of a larger population.

Samples are used in statistical testing when the population sizes are too large for

the test to include all possible members or observation. A sample should

represent the whole population and not reflect bias towards a specific attribute.

In the present study, the sample consists of 49 students of VIII standard of

Sailee International School, where girls are 22 and boys are 27 .

A tool is any physical item that can be used to achieve a goal, especially

if the item is not consumed in the process. Informally the word is also used to

describe a procedure or process with a specific purpose.

The researcher has made the tool self prepared.The tool consists of 22

questions out of which 6 are positive and 16 are negative.

The following procedure was used to collect data.

The researcher identified the school gor the survey. The principal and

supervisor of the school were approched and permission was taken to

use 49 students as a sample for the study. The tool- students multiple

intelligence inventory was given to the students to be filled up.

Students were oriented with instruction provided by the researcher on

5

how the inventory was to be filled and cleared their doubts if any.

Personal details such as Name, Gender, standard, age was filled by the

students. For each section, the student placed as 'I' next to each

statementthat the student felt was accurately describing him/her.

Students were enthusiastic about this activity. The data was finally

tabulated using Microsoft Xcell.

2.6 Data Analysis

Data analysis is done to conduct statistical tests on the data and to

drive conclusion from it. Finally interpretation are made and the

initial hypothesis is verified. In this stage of descriptive research on

computer frequencies mean, median, mode and other statistical

calculations. Although this research is highly accurate, it doesnot

gather the causes behind the situation.

For the present study, mean, median, mode were calculated for

descriptive analysis and t-test was conducted for inferential analysis.

The total number of respondents is 49 which is statistically

significant sample to make some inferences.

CHAPTER 3

ANALYSIS OF DATA

3.1 Introduction

Data Analysis is a process in which raw data is ordered and organized

so that useful information can be extracted from it. The process of

organizing and thinking about data ia key to understanding what the

data does and doesnot contain.

The analysis and interpretation of data represent the application of

deductive and inductive logic to the research process. The data is

often classified by division into subgroup and then analyzed and

synthesized in such a way that hypotheses may be verified or rejected.

The final result may be a new principal or generalization.

3.2 Descriptive Analysis

Descriptive statistical analysis limits generalization to the particular

group of individuals obsreved. No conclusion are extended beyond

this group, any similarity to those outside the group cannot be

assumed. The data describe one group and that group only. Much

simple action research involves descriptive analysis and provides

valuable information about the nature of a particular group of

individual.

Mean

The mean of a distribution is commonly understood as the arithmetic average. It

is the most usedful of all the statistical measures.

7

Median

The median is a point in an array, above and below which one - half of the score

fall.

Mode

It is the value that appears most often in a set of data. The mode of a discrete

probability distribution is the value x at which its probabilty mass function takes

its maximum value.

Graph

A graph is a representation of a set of objects where some pairs of objects are

connected by links. It is depicted in diagrammatic form as a set of dots for the

vertices, joined by lines or curves for the edges.

Note: for the present work researcher has utilized Microsoft Xcell for data

Analysis.

Table No. 3.1

(Tables are thier in excell sheet no.3 overall)

Interpretation: So by observing above table we can say the average score of

the students where students behaviour in the class room is 63.14286 which

means that 49 students are dealing with the problem of classroom behaviour.

Graph 3.1

( Graph is inserted in xcell sheet no.3)

Table No. 3.2

( Tables are inserted in xcell sheet no. 4 girls)

Interpretation: So by observing above table we can say thay average score of

girla with behavioural problem in classroom is 66.04545 is which means 22

girls are dealing with the problem of class room behaviour.

( tables are inserted in xcell sheet no.5 boys)

8

boys having behavioural problem in class room is 60.77778 is which means 27

boys are dealing with the problem of class room behaviour.

Graph 3.2

(Graph is inserted in xcell sheet no.5)

Percentile mean for over all students = Mean - lowest possible score / upper

possible score - lowest possible score

= 63- 22/ 88- 22

=41/66

= 0.6212.

Percentile Mean for Girls = Mean - lowest possible score/ upper possible sorelowest possible score.

= 66- 22 / 88- 22

= 44/66

=0.666

Percentile Mean for Boys = Mean - lowest possible score/ upper possible

score- lowest possible score.

= 60- 22/88- 22

= 38 / 66

= 0.5757.

Conclusion

Conclusion means the result that are found in the study conducted. After the

analysis is completed the researcher derives the conclusion of the survey.

Conclusion of the present study are as follows. Which is based on the present

calculation and graph which can be seen in the graph also.

9

# The mean of the girls score of 8th standard student is the highest while the

mean of the boys score of 8th standard student ia the least.

# The overall mean of the standard 8th students in class room behavioural

problem is 63.1428.

# It is seen the girls are more likely to be distrubed in class by the behavioural

problem of the varies students.

CHAPTER IV

RESEARCH FINDING

Classroom management is a term used by teachers ro describe the

procesa of ensurinh that classroom lessons run smoothly despite

disruprive behaviour.

In order to limit or deal effectively with there behaviour, it is

important to understand the facrors that cause or facilitate them.

1) To study the reason for misbehaviour if the students in class room

Interpretation: When the Researcher had conducted the research it is

on the view that students misbehavior distrubs the class management.

While comducting the research the researcher came to a conclusion

that it not only the students are to be blamed for the distrubance in the

class but also the various facilities provided in the class. Some

students listens the lecture carefully but only oral teching doesnot

entertain students which leads to dis interest in the subject. Hence

teachers also should take care about various teaching techinque which

make the lecture more interesting.

2) To find out the difference in class room behaviour of girls and boys

students.

10

girls are more distrubed by the behavioural problem than boys. In the

given mean the mean of the girls is more thab that of boys.

4.2 Significance of the Study

This study will be a significant endeavor in helping a student to design for the

proper managing and give more concentration in class. It will motivate or boost

a students knowledge and will help him see his ability to learn and assimilate

information.

To a teacher, this research can prove as a guide for an enhancement of

performance of her / his students. It will also be beneficial for her / his to bring

back the interest of the child. It will help the teacher to be aware of the

limitation of various study skills according to the age level of the students. This

study also puts light on the psychology of the child related to behaviour in class

and will help the teacher in the classroom for future counseling of the child, if

required.

Moreover, this research will provide recommendations to the

management. Students behaviour can be improved by proper managing

committee. Periodically review the rules and procedure of the classroom until

the students can successfully adhere to them.The managements should regularly

check and improve the working system of class and introduce e-learning or

other facilities which increases the student learning.

The research had been done in the class room behaviour of the

students but in this research the reearch is limited upto class 8th

standard.

The suggestion for Further studies are as follows:

Since in the recent research the research is limited upto 8th standar

student of Sailee International school borivali of english median. The

11

further research of the same topic shoud be done till higher secondary

students

By taking the same topic the further researcher can light upon the

difference between the boarda such as ICSE board students and SSC

boards students.

The researcher can further take the topic of "Class room teaching

technique used by techers" from the students which give a view that

which type of teching technique can help to motivate students and

make the topic or subject interesting.

12

Certificate

Problem of Secondary School student" is beign submitted here with as

part fulfillment of the B.ED course of university of Mumbai, For the

academic year 2014-15. This is the result of the original research

work and contribution by Miss Farheen Shaikh under my supervision

and guidance and is worthy of examination.

Supervisor's Signature.

Palce: Mumbai.

Date :

13

SCHOOL STUDENT"

SUBMITTED BY,

FARHEEN. Z. SHAIKH

GUIDED BY,

SHASHIKALA YADAV

14

FULFILMENT OF THE B.ED COURSE OF UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI"

2014-15

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

15

Yadav for her constant guidance and encouragement all through the preparation

and completion of the project.

and its students for providing me an opportunity to do my project on the study

of the behavioural problem of secondary school students.

providing this excellent opportunity to carry out this project.

and internship classmate and my parents for their constant help and support.

Farheen. Shaikh.

16

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