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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION
1.1 Introduction

Behaviour is the action and reaction of the person or animal in the


response of internal and external stimuli. All pertains to a person's action as they
constitute a means of evaluation by other. Behaviour is the most general:The
children were on their best behaviour. Conduct applies to actions comsidered
from the stand point of morality and ethics.
The line among modifications in accepted behaviour of the children and
adolesents mamny times doesn't differ from the accepted, even the one which
leads them to an educational Institution. Many children and adolesents sent to
an educational institutions shows us the essence of their vulnerability and the
reasons for elimination of the individuals under the paradigm of help. Social
belonging, family relationships and relationships in school proved to be of
principal importance.
Occasionally a student will behave in the classroom in a way that disrupts
the class and makes teaching very difficult. The purpose is to describe other
resources on campus that can help you deal with these difficult situations, to
give you information which will increase your chances for successfully
managing these situations, to give you information which will increase your
likelihood of success if you choose to use the student disciplinary process, and
to make you aware of resources which could help students exhibiting distressed
behaviors.

1.2 NEED OF THE STUDY


When RESEARCHER was a kid, going to school was always stressful. It
seemed as though the the researcher goes to school the various classrom
problem distrubs the attention, some time the topic is not so interested which
lead to dis interest in the topic and leads to poor concentarion. The class mates
inetractivity also influenced to change the behaviour of students. So, when
Researcher was doing the internship and had to complete a part of it called
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ACTION RESEARCH, Researcher grabbed this opportunity and had a chance


to clear researcher curiosity about this problem. Was this problem of school
stress being my personal problem or a common one? And to clear my doubt, I
decided my topic of action research as To study the behaviour problem of
secondary school student'.

1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM


To study the behaviour problem of secondary school student.

1.4 OBJECTIVES
To study the reasons for misbehaviour of students in class room.
To find out the difference in classroom behaviour of girls and boy student
1.5 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY
The study has vast scope. This study is applicable to secondary sections
of the school. And for English medium school.
This questionnaire is limited only up to VIII std.The study is done only in
Sailee International school , borivali(w). It was restricted to VIII standard of
same school.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY


This study will be a significant endeavor in helping a student to design
for the proper managing and give more concentration in class. It will motivate
or boost a students knowledge and will help him see his ability to learn and
assimilate information.
To a teacher, this research can prove as a guide for an enhancement of
performance of her / his students. It will also be beneficial for her / his to bring
back the interest of the child. It will help the teacher to be aware of the
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limitation of various study skills according to the age level of the students. This
study also puts light on the psychology of the child related to behaviour in class
and will help the teacher in the classroom for future counseling of the child, if
required.
Moreover, this research will provide recommendations to the
management. Students behaviour can be improved by proper managing
committee. Periodically review the rules and procedure of the classroom until
the students can successfully adhere to them.The managements should regularly
check and improve the working system of class and introduce e-learning or
other facilities which increases the student learning.

CHAPTER II
RESEARCH DESIGN
2.1 Introduction
Research Design may define as the systematic and objective analysis and
recording of controlled observation that may lead o the development of
generalization, principles or theories resulting in prediction and possibly
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ultimate control of eventa. It is considered to be more formal, systematic and


imtensive process of carrying on a scientific method of analysis. It is more
systematic activity that is directed toward discovery and the development of an
organized body of knowledge.
The study has the following variables.
1) Multiple Intelligences of student.
2) Parent's educational background.

2.2 Method used for the Study


Research Design has been classified into three types, they are Historical
Research, Descriptive Research and Experimental Research.
# Historical Research describes what was the process involves investigating,
recording, analyzing and interpreting the events of the past for the purpose of
discovering generalization that are helpful in understanding the past and the
present and to a limited extent, in anticipating the future.
# Descriptive Research describes what is, describing recording, analyzing and
interpreting conditions that exist. It involves some type of comparison or
contrast and attempt to discover relationship between existing non manipulated
variables. Descriptive Research can be divided into two board categoriesQualitatibe Analysis nd Quantity Analysis
#Experimental Research describes what will be when certain variables are
carefully controlled or manipulated. The focus is on variables relationships.
Delibrate manipulation is always a part of the experimental method.
For the Present Study Descriptive Research also known as non- experimental
or correlation research was used. It deals with relationship between variables,
the testing of the hypothesis, and the development of generalization, principles
or theories that have universal validity. It is concerned with functional
relationship.
Descriptive Research can be divided into two board categories Quantitative and
Qualitative research.

Quantitative research consist of those studies in which the data concerned can
be analyzed in term of numbers.
Qualitative research is used to describe events, persons and so forth
scientifically without the use of numerical data.

2.3 Sample
Sample is a subset containing the characteristics of a larger population.
Samples are used in statistical testing when the population sizes are too large for
the test to include all possible members or observation. A sample should
represent the whole population and not reflect bias towards a specific attribute.
In the present study, the sample consists of 49 students of VIII standard of
Sailee International School, where girls are 22 and boys are 27 .

2.4 Data collection Tool


A tool is any physical item that can be used to achieve a goal, especially
if the item is not consumed in the process. Informally the word is also used to
describe a procedure or process with a specific purpose.
The researcher has made the tool self prepared.The tool consists of 22
questions out of which 6 are positive and 16 are negative.

2.5 Procedure of Data Analysis


The following procedure was used to collect data.
The researcher identified the school gor the survey. The principal and
supervisor of the school were approched and permission was taken to
use 49 students as a sample for the study. The tool- students multiple
intelligence inventory was given to the students to be filled up.
Students were oriented with instruction provided by the researcher on
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how the inventory was to be filled and cleared their doubts if any.
Personal details such as Name, Gender, standard, age was filled by the
students. For each section, the student placed as 'I' next to each
statementthat the student felt was accurately describing him/her.
Students were enthusiastic about this activity. The data was finally
tabulated using Microsoft Xcell.
2.6 Data Analysis
Data analysis is done to conduct statistical tests on the data and to
drive conclusion from it. Finally interpretation are made and the
initial hypothesis is verified. In this stage of descriptive research on
computer frequencies mean, median, mode and other statistical
calculations. Although this research is highly accurate, it doesnot
gather the causes behind the situation.
For the present study, mean, median, mode were calculated for
descriptive analysis and t-test was conducted for inferential analysis.
The total number of respondents is 49 which is statistically
significant sample to make some inferences.

CHAPTER 3
ANALYSIS OF DATA
3.1 Introduction
Data Analysis is a process in which raw data is ordered and organized
so that useful information can be extracted from it. The process of
organizing and thinking about data ia key to understanding what the
data does and doesnot contain.
The analysis and interpretation of data represent the application of
deductive and inductive logic to the research process. The data is
often classified by division into subgroup and then analyzed and
synthesized in such a way that hypotheses may be verified or rejected.
The final result may be a new principal or generalization.
3.2 Descriptive Analysis
Descriptive statistical analysis limits generalization to the particular
group of individuals obsreved. No conclusion are extended beyond
this group, any similarity to those outside the group cannot be
assumed. The data describe one group and that group only. Much
simple action research involves descriptive analysis and provides
valuable information about the nature of a particular group of
individual.
Mean
The mean of a distribution is commonly understood as the arithmetic average. It
is the most usedful of all the statistical measures.
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Median
The median is a point in an array, above and below which one - half of the score
fall.
Mode
It is the value that appears most often in a set of data. The mode of a discrete
probability distribution is the value x at which its probabilty mass function takes
its maximum value.
Graph
A graph is a representation of a set of objects where some pairs of objects are
connected by links. It is depicted in diagrammatic form as a set of dots for the
vertices, joined by lines or curves for the edges.
Note: for the present work researcher has utilized Microsoft Xcell for data
Analysis.
Table No. 3.1
(Tables are thier in excell sheet no.3 overall)
Interpretation: So by observing above table we can say the average score of
the students where students behaviour in the class room is 63.14286 which
means that 49 students are dealing with the problem of classroom behaviour.
Graph 3.1
( Graph is inserted in xcell sheet no.3)
Table No. 3.2
( Tables are inserted in xcell sheet no. 4 girls)
Interpretation: So by observing above table we can say thay average score of
girla with behavioural problem in classroom is 66.04545 is which means 22
girls are dealing with the problem of class room behaviour.

Table No. 3.3


( tables are inserted in xcell sheet no.5 boys)
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Interpretation: So by observing above table we can say the average score of


boys having behavioural problem in class room is 60.77778 is which means 27
boys are dealing with the problem of class room behaviour.
Graph 3.2
(Graph is inserted in xcell sheet no.5)
Percentile mean for over all students = Mean - lowest possible score / upper
possible score - lowest possible score
= 63- 22/ 88- 22
=41/66
= 0.6212.
Percentile Mean for Girls = Mean - lowest possible score/ upper possible sorelowest possible score.
= 66- 22 / 88- 22
= 44/66
=0.666
Percentile Mean for Boys = Mean - lowest possible score/ upper possible
score- lowest possible score.
= 60- 22/88- 22
= 38 / 66
= 0.5757.

Conclusion
Conclusion means the result that are found in the study conducted. After the
analysis is completed the researcher derives the conclusion of the survey.
Conclusion of the present study are as follows. Which is based on the present
calculation and graph which can be seen in the graph also.
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# The mean of the girls score of 8th standard student is the highest while the
mean of the boys score of 8th standard student ia the least.
# The overall mean of the standard 8th students in class room behavioural
problem is 63.1428.
# It is seen the girls are more likely to be distrubed in class by the behavioural
problem of the varies students.

CHAPTER IV
RESEARCH FINDING

4.1 Major Findings


Classroom management is a term used by teachers ro describe the
procesa of ensurinh that classroom lessons run smoothly despite
disruprive behaviour.
In order to limit or deal effectively with there behaviour, it is
important to understand the facrors that cause or facilitate them.
1) To study the reason for misbehaviour if the students in class room
Interpretation: When the Researcher had conducted the research it is
on the view that students misbehavior distrubs the class management.
While comducting the research the researcher came to a conclusion
that it not only the students are to be blamed for the distrubance in the
class but also the various facilities provided in the class. Some
students listens the lecture carefully but only oral teching doesnot
entertain students which leads to dis interest in the subject. Hence
teachers also should take care about various teaching techinque which
make the lecture more interesting.
2) To find out the difference in class room behaviour of girls and boys
students.
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Interpretation: In the above calculation and graph it is seen that the


girls are more distrubed by the behavioural problem than boys. In the
given mean the mean of the girls is more thab that of boys.
4.2 Significance of the Study
This study will be a significant endeavor in helping a student to design for the
proper managing and give more concentration in class. It will motivate or boost
a students knowledge and will help him see his ability to learn and assimilate
information.
To a teacher, this research can prove as a guide for an enhancement of
performance of her / his students. It will also be beneficial for her / his to bring
back the interest of the child. It will help the teacher to be aware of the
limitation of various study skills according to the age level of the students. This
study also puts light on the psychology of the child related to behaviour in class
and will help the teacher in the classroom for future counseling of the child, if
required.
Moreover, this research will provide recommendations to the
management. Students behaviour can be improved by proper managing
committee. Periodically review the rules and procedure of the classroom until
the students can successfully adhere to them.The managements should regularly
check and improve the working system of class and introduce e-learning or
other facilities which increases the student learning.

4.3 Suggestion for Further Studies


The research had been done in the class room behaviour of the
students but in this research the reearch is limited upto class 8th
standard.
The suggestion for Further studies are as follows:
Since in the recent research the research is limited upto 8th standar
student of Sailee International school borivali of english median. The

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further research of the same topic shoud be done till higher secondary
students
By taking the same topic the further researcher can light upon the
difference between the boarda such as ICSE board students and SSC
boards students.
The researcher can further take the topic of "Class room teaching
technique used by techers" from the students which give a view that
which type of teching technique can help to motivate students and
make the topic or subject interesting.

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Certificate

This is to certify that the project titled" To study the Behaviour


Problem of Secondary School student" is beign submitted here with as
part fulfillment of the B.ED course of university of Mumbai, For the
academic year 2014-15. This is the result of the original research
work and contribution by Miss Farheen Shaikh under my supervision
and guidance and is worthy of examination.

Supervisor's Signature.

Palce: Mumbai.
Date :

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" TO STUDY THE BEHAVIOUR PROBLEM OF SECONDARY


SCHOOL STUDENT"

SUBMITTED BY,
FARHEEN. Z. SHAIKH
GUIDED BY,
SHASHIKALA YADAV

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" ACTION RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED AS PARTIAL


FULFILMENT OF THE B.ED COURSE OF UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI"
2014-15

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

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I wish to express my sincere gratitude to my guide Miss Shashikala


Yadav for her constant guidance and encouragement all through the preparation
and completion of the project.

I am thankful to the Principal and Teachers of Sailee International School


and its students for providing me an opportunity to do my project on the study
of the behavioural problem of secondary school students.

I am thankful to the principal of Sailee Imternational School for


providing this excellent opportunity to carry out this project.

Lastly, I would also take this opportunity to thanks my practice teaching


and internship classmate and my parents for their constant help and support.

Farheen. Shaikh.

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