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Ministry of Defence

Defence Standard 02-779 (NES 779)


Issue 1 Publication Date 01 April 2000

Requirements For 90/10 Copper


Nickel Alloy Material
Part 1
Sheet, Strip And Plate

Incorporating NES 779 Category 2


Issue 3 Publication Date September 1999

AMENDMENT RECORD
Amd No

Date

Text Affected

REVISION NOTE
This standard is raised to Issue 1 to update its content.
HISTORICAL RECORD
This standard supersedes the following:
Naval Engineering Standard (NES) 779 Part 1 Issue 3 dated September 1999.

Signature and Date

Ministry of Defence

Naval Engineering Standard


CATEGORY 2

NES 779

Part 1

Issue 3

September 1999

REQUIREMENTS FOR 90/10 COPPER NICKEL ALLOY MATERIAL


PART 1
SHEET, STRIP AND PLATE

CROWN COPYRIGHT 1999

This NES Supersedes


NES 779 part 1 Issue 2

Record of Amendments
AMDT
1
2
3
4
5

INSERTED BY

DATE

NAVAL ENGINEERING STANDARD 779


REQUIREMENTS FOR 90/10 COPPER NICKEL ALLOY MATERIAL
PART 1 ISSUE 3 SEPTEMBER 1999
SHEET, STRIP AND PLATE

This Naval Engineering Standard


is authorized for use in MOD contracts
by the Defence Procurement Agency
and the Defence Logistics Organisation

Published by:
Sea Technology Group
Defence Procurement Agency
NA145
Ash 0, #95
MOD Abbey Wood
Bristol BS34 8JH
(i)

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
September 1999

(ii)

NES 779 PART 1


Issue 2
Unauthorized Version
SCOPE
1.

This NES specifies the requirements for the production, inspection and testing of 90/10
Copper Nickel Alloy sheet, strip and plate.

(iii)

NES 779 PART 1


Issue 2
Unauthorized Version

(iv)

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
FOREWORD
Sponsorship
1.

This Naval Engineering Standard (NES) is sponsored by the Defence Procurement Agency
(DPA), Ministry of Defence (MOD).

2.

The complete NES 779 comprises:


Requirements for 90/10 Copper Nickel Alloy Material

3.
4.

5.
6.
7.

8.

Part 1

Sheet, Strip and Plate

Part 2

Forgings, Forging Stock, Rods and Sections

Part 3

Tubes

If it is found to be unsuitable for any particular requirement MOD is to be informed in writing


of the circumstances.
Any user of this NES either within MOD or in industry may propose an amendment to it.
Proposals for amendments that are not directly applicable to a particular contract are to be
made to the publishing authority identified on Page (i), and those directly applicable to a
particular contract are to be dealt with using contract procedures.
No alteration is to be made to this NES except by the issue of an authorized amendment.
Unless otherwise stated, reference in this NES to approval, approved, authorized and similar
terms, means by the MOD in writing.
Any significant amendments that may be made to this NES at a later date will be indicated
by a vertical sideline. Deletions will be indicated by 000 appearing at the end of the line
interval.
This NES has been reissued because of technical update and restructuring.

Conditions of Release
General
9.

10.

11.

This Naval Engineering Standard (NES) has been devised solely for the use of the MOD, and
its contractors in the execution of contracts for the MOD. To the extent permitted by law, the
MOD hereby excludes all liability whatsoever and howsoever arising (including but without
limitation, libability resulting from negligence) for any loss or damage however caused when
the NES is used for any other purpose.
This document is Crown Copyright and the information herein may be subject to Crown or
third party rights. It is not to be released, reproduced or published without written permission
of the MOD
The Crown reserves the right to amend or modify the contents of this NES without consulting
or informing any holder.

MOD Tender or Contract Process


12.

13.

14.

This NES is the property of the Crown. Unless otherwise authorized in writing by the MOD
must be returned on completion of the contract, or submission of the tender, in connection
with which it is issued.
When this NES is used in connection with a MOD tender or contract, the user is to ensure that
he is in possession of the appropriate version of each document, including related documents,
relevant to each particular tender or contract. Enquiries in this connection may be made to
the authority named in the tender or contract.
When NES are incorporated into MOD contracts, users are responsible for their correct
application and for complying with contractual and other statutory requirements.
Compliance with an NES does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations.

(v)

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
Categories of NES
15.

The Category of this NES has been determined using the following criteria:
a.

Category 1. If not applied may have a Critical affect on the following:


Safety of the vessel, its complement or third parties.
Operational performance of the vessel, its systems or equipment.

b.

Category 2. If not applied may have a Significant affect on the following:


Safety of the vessel, its complement or third parties.
Operational performance of the vessel, its systems or equipment.
Through life costs and support.

c.

Category 3. If not applied may have a Minor affect on the following:


MOD best practice and fleet commonality.
Corporate experience and knowledge.
Current support practice.

Related Documents
16.

In the tender and procurement processes the related documents listed in each section and
Annex A can be obtained as follows:
a.

British Standards

British Standards Institution,


389 Chiswick High Road,
London, W4 4AL

b.

Defence Standards

Directorate of Standardization, Stan 1,


Kentigern House, 65 Brown Street,
Glasgow, G2 8EX.

c.

Naval Engineering Standards

CSE3a, CSE Llangennech, Llanelli, Dyfed,


SA14 8YP.

d.

Other documents

Tender or Contract Sponsor to advise.

17.

All applications to Ministry Establishments for related documents are to quote the relevant
MOD Invitation to Tender or Contract number and date, together with the sponsoring
Directorate and the Tender or Contract Sponsor.

18.

Prime Contractors are responsible for supplying their subcontractors with relevant
documentation, including specifications, standards and drawings.

Health and Safety


Warning
19.

This NES may call for the use of processes, substances and/or procedures that may be
injurious to health if adequate precautions are not taken. It refers only to technical suitability
and in no way absolves either the supplier or the user from statutory obligations relating to
health and safety at any stage of manufacture or use. Where attention is drawn to hazards,
those quoted may not necessarily be exhaustive.

20.

This NES has been written and is to be used taking into account the policy stipulated in JSP
430: MOD Ship Safety Management System Handbook.

Additional Information
(There is no relevant information)

(vi)

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
CONTENTS
Page No
TITLE PAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(i)

SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(iii)

FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(v)

Sponsorship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(v)

Conditions of Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(v)

Categories of NES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(vi)

Related Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(vi)

Health and Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(vi)

CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(vii)

SECTION

1.
1.1
Table 1.1
1.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.4
1.4.1
1.4.2
Table 1.2
1.5
1.5.1
1.5.1.1
1.5.1.2
1.5.1.3
1.5.2
1.5.2.1
1.5.2.2
1.5.2.3
1.5.2.4

PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . .
Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restrictions on Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Surface Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions and Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flatness Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Destructive Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardness Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Re-tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Non-destructive Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flatness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visual-Optical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Liquid Penetrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

SECTION

2.

NATIONAL/INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS

2.1

SECTION

3.
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.1.1
3.1.1.2
3.1.1.3
3.1.2
3.1.2.1

MILITARY STANDARDS/REQUIREMENTS . . . .
Acceptance Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Destructive Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Re-tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Non-destructive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1

(vii)

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
3.1.2.2
3.2
3.3
3.4

Liquid Penetrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quality Assurance Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.1
3.1
3.1
3.2

SECTION

4.

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS/GUIDANCE . . . . . . .

4.1

SECTION

5.

CORPORATE EXPERIENCE & KNOWLEDGE .

5.1

ANNEX

A.

RELATED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A.1

ANNEX

B.

DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

B.1

ANNEX

C.

PROCUREMENT CHECK LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

C.1

ALPHABETICAL INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INDEX.1

(viii)

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
1.

PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION
Related Documents:BS EN ISO 65071, BS EN 1652, NES 729 Part 4, see also
Annex A.

1.1

Physical Characteristics
a.

The material, as cast, is to conform to the chemical composition of BS EN 1652


CW 352H. In addition it must meet the requirements of Table 1.1. Following
acceptance of the analysis from the cast melt no further additions are
permitted.
Not More than % W/W

Element
Aluminium

0.03

Boron

0.02

Bismuth

0.002

Phosphorus

0.01

Silicon

0.05

Other

0.1

Table 1.1 Restrictions on Composition

1.2

b.

The density of this material at 20 C is 8940kg m3.

c.

Where such material is required for use in welded construction, a sample is to


be taken from the edge of the plate at right angles to the direction of final rolling
and a check analysis is to be made to show that no segregation or lack of
homogeneity has occurred. The check will only be required where specified in
the Tender or Contract Documents.

Hardness
a.

1.3

Manufacture
a.

1.3.1

The hardness must not exceed 90 HV.

The sheet, strip and plate are to be produced by hot or cold rolling with
subsequent annealing. For flat products subsequent rolling may be necessary
to achieve flatness tolerances.

Heat Treatment
a.

Since the copper nickels are susceptible to metallurgical damage by excessive


oxidation or sulphur contamination, extreme care is to be exercised over all
heating operations carried out during the production process. Where it is
necessary to use oil or gas fired furnaces, strict control is to be exercised over
the furnace atmosphere and soaking time. The sulphur content in any fuel used
for heat treatment is not to exceed:
(1)

Gas: 0.7g/m3

(2)

Oil: 0.5% by weight

Direct flame impingement is to be avoided.


b.

The furnace charge is to be supported on clean firebricks or metal skids, and


care is to be taken during furnace charging and discharging operations to avoid
contact between the charge and the furnace walls.

1.1

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

1.3.2

c.

All traces of oil, grease or any other source of sulphur contamination are to be
removed prior to any heat treatment.

d.

The maximum furnace temperature for heating stock is 1060 C.

Surface Condition
a.

Surface defects may be removed by grinding or machining providing that the


material remaining is not below the allowable thickness tolerance. Dressed
areas are to be faired smoothly into the surrounding material and the bottom
radius of the dressed area is to be at least 3 times the depth of the defect. Surface
imperfections such as handling marks, straightening marks, roll marks and
scale pattern are not to be considered as injurious provided that they do not
reduce the thickness below the specified tolerance.

1.4

Dimensions and Tolerances

1.4.1

Dimensions
a.

1.4.2

The sheet, strip and plate are to be manufactured to the dimensions stated in
the Contract. Edges of plate, sheet and strip are to be left in a condition that
will not cause injury to personnel when handling them.

Tolerances
a.

Except where special requirements are stated in the Contract, dimensional


tolerances specified in BS EN 1652, are to apply.

b.

The flatness of individual plates when required for heat exchanger and
condenser tube plates is to be within the tolerances given in Table 1.2.
Depth of Arc not to Exceed (mm) for Lengths Shown
Under 1000mm

1000 to 1500mm

Over 1500mm

1.5mm

2.0mm

3.0mm

Table 1.2 Flatness Tolerances


1.5

Test Methods

1.5.1

Destructive Tests

1.5.1.1

Analysis
a.

1.5.1.2

A full analysis is to be made from a sample taken from each cast and from each
batch of the As Supplied sheet, strip or plate.

Hardness tests
a.

Samples for test are to be prepared as specified in BS EN 1652, and tested in


accordance with BS EN ISO 65071, except when otherwise stated in the
contract.

b.

The test samples are to be in the annealed condition and must not be
mechanically worked (other than being machined to the shape of the test piece)
before being tested.

1.2

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
1.5.1.3

Re-tests
a.

Should any of the original test specimens fail to meet the test requirements
detailed in this NES, two further samples from the same batch are to be selected
for testing. One sample is to be taken from material immediately adjacent to
where the original test sample was taken, unless that sheet, strip or plate has
been withdrawn by the supplier.

1.5.2

Non-destructive Tests

1.5.2.1

Dimensional
a.

1.5.2.2

Flatness
a.

1.5.2.3

Inspection for flatness is only required for heat exchanger and condenser tube
plates and is to be made by placing the plate on a flat-surface table and applying
a straight-edge and measuring the depth of arc between the straight-edge and
the plate.

Visual-Optical
a.

1.5.2.4

All material is to be dimensionally checked against the Contract Documents.

All surfaces and edges of finished material are to be visually inspected, assisted
where necessary by the use of x 5 magnification optics. All imperfections are to
be identified on the material and recorded on the QA documentation.

Liquid Penetrant
a.

In cases of doubt, the visual examination is to be supplemented by liquid


penetrant testing to NES 729 Part 4 to show the plate to be free from surface
flaws, cracks, laminations or other defects which will prove detrimental in the
further use of the plate.

1.3

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

1.4

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
2.

NATIONAL/INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS
(No relevant information included)

2.1

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

2.2

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
3.

MILITARY STANDARDS/REQUIREMENTS

3.1

Acceptance Standards

3.1.1

Destructive Tests

3.1.1.1

Analysis
a.

3.1.1.2

Hardness
a.

3.1.1.3

The analysis is to conform with Clause 1.1a.

The hardness values of the test pieces are to conform with Clause 1.2.

Re-tests
a.

Both of the re-tested samples are to conform to Clause 1.2 of this NES. Should
any of the re-tests fail, the batch represented by the test pieces does not meet
the requirements of this NES and is to be rejected.

3.1.2

Non-destructive

3.1.2.1

Visual
a.

3.1.2.2

Liquid Penetrant
a.

3.2

3.3

Each sheet, strip or plate is to be smooth and free from surface defects. Dressed
areas are to be seen to be faired smoothly into the surrounding material.

All sheet, strip and plate are to be free from surface flaws, cracks, lamination
or other defects which will prove detrimental.

Quality Assurance Documentation


a.

Each consignment of sheet, strip or plate is to be accompanied by Quality


Assurance Documentation containing a record of all the measured results from
the tests required by Clauses 1.5.1.1a.1.5.1.3a. together with a Certificate of
Conformity which refers to the acceptance standards detailed in Clause 3.1. The
Certificate of Conformity is to carry a reference number or sufficient other
information to positively relate the certificate with the relevant sheet, strip or
plate.

b.

Records sufficient to prove adequate quality control, full material traceability


and the relevant results of analyses and tests are to be retained by the
Contractor for at least 5 years after delivery.

Identification
a.

Unless otherwise stated in the Contract Documents, all sheet, strip and plate
is to be identified by the manufacturer by printing directly on to one surface of
the material using an ink, which will not have a deleterious effect on the
material. The markings are to be not less than 5mm high and are to run along
the entire length of the material, the maximum distance between markings is
not to exceed 300mm. The markings are to be positioned centrally for strip and
not less than 150mm in from the edge of sheet or plate. Markings are to be as
follows:
(1)

90/10 Cu/Ni, NES 779 part 1.

(2)

Contract number.

3.1

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

3.4

(3)

Ship numbers, manufacturers name, dimensions of sheet, strip or plate


or additional markings as may be required by the Contract Documents.

(4)

Unique number to positively identify the material to its Quality


Assurance Documentation.

(5)

NATO Stock Number

b.

The requirements of Clause 3.3a.(2)(5) may be applied by securely attaching


a label to the material.

c.

Where the material width exceeds 1000mm the information at Clause 3.3a. is
to be repeated on the same face 150mm in from each side and run along the
entire length of the material.

Packaging
a.

Except where otherwise stated in the Contract Documents, all sheet, strip or
plate is to be packaged in accordance with the manufacturers normal trade
practice and to ensure that no damage occurs during transit.

b.

Each package is to carry a label marked with the following identification details:
(1)

NATO Stock Number when applicable

(2)

Description

(3)

Quantity

(4)

Contract Number

3.2

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
4.

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS/GUIDANCE
(No relevant information included)

4.1

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

4.2

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
5.

CORPORATE EXPERIENCE & KNOWLEDGE


(No relevant information included)

5.1

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

5.2

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
ANNEX A.
RELATED DOCUMENTS
A.1.

The following documents and publications are referred to in this NES:


BS EN ISO 65071

Metallic materials Vickers hardness test: Test method

BS EN 1652
JSP 430

Copper and copper alloys Plate, strip, sheet, circles for


general purposes
Ship Safety Management System Handbook
Vol 1: Policy and Guidance on MOD Ship and Equipment
Safety Management

NES 729

Requirements for Non-Destructive Examination Methods


Part 4

Liquid Penetrant

A.1

ANNEX A

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

ANNEX A

A.2

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
ANNEX B.
DEFINITIONS
B.1.

For the purpose of this NES the following definitions apply:


Acceptance Authority

This is as specified in the tender, contract


document or order. Where this is not known,
enquiries are to be directed to DPA, NA145.

Batch

Sheet, plate or strip of the same dimensions,


produced by the same process from the same
cast.

Cast

A cast is:
a.

the product of one furnace melt, or

b.

the product of one crucible melt, or

c.

the product of a number of furnace or


crucible melts where such are aggregated
and mixed prior to sampling, or

d.

in continuous casting, 250kg or fraction


thereof of metal poured, and
when a heat treatment is required the
product of one furnace heat treatment
load.

e.

Certificate of Conformity

A certificate requested by the purchaser and


issued on the basis of tests carried out on the
manufacturing batch from which the material
supplied has been taken.

Plate

Flat rolled product of rectangular crosssection


with uniform thickness greater than 10 mm
Flat rolled product of rectangular crosssection
with uniform thickness from 0.2 mm up to and
including 10 mm, supplied in straight lengths,
usually with sheared or sawn edges. The
thickness does not exceed one tenth of the
width.

Sheet

Strip

Flat rolled product of rectangular crosssection


with uniform thickness from 0.1 mm up to and
including 5 mm, manufactured in coil and
supplied as sheared coils, transverse wound
coils or cut to length, usually with slit edges.
The thickness does not exceed one tenth of the
width.

B.1

ANNEX B

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

ANNEX B

B.2

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
ANNEX C.
PROCUREMENT CHECK LIST
Notes:
C.1
This Check List is to ensure that certain aspects of this Naval Engineering
Standard are consulted when preparing a procurement specification for a
particular application.
application
C.2
Clauses where a preference for an option is to be used or where specific data is
to be added are included in the Check List.
C.3
Each item is to be marked either:
! = included
NA = not applicable
CHECK
CHECK
No
1
Segregationhomogeneity check

CLAUSE No
1.1c.

Dimensions of sheet, strip or plate

1.4.1

Dimensional tolerances

1.4.2a

Flatness tolerance

1.4.2b.

Alternative hardness test programme

Identification requirements

3.3

Packaging requirements

3.4

C.1

! or NA

1.5.1.2a.

ANNEX C

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

ANNEX C

C.2

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999
ALPHABETICAL INDEX
(Note: page numbers are given)

C
Certificate of conformity, 3.1

Test piece, 1.3, 3.1

Chemical composition, 1.1

Test sample, 1.3

Contract, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 3.1, 3.2

U
M

Unique number, 3.2

Magnification optics, 1.3

Markings, 3.1, 3.2

Welded construction, 1.1

S
Surface defects, 3.1
Surface imperfectons, 1.2

INDEX.1

ANNEX C

NES 779 Part 1


Issue 3
April 1999

ANNEX C

INDEX.2

Inside Rear Cover

Crown Copyright 2000


Copying Only as Agreed with DStan

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