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Annotated Bibliography 1

Exercise #1

Annotated bibliography

Miles D. Robinson Jr.

SOWK 300

Tuskegee University

January 27, 2010

Annotated Bibliography 2

Article 1

Ellison, C., & Sherkat, D. (1993). Conservative Protestantism and Support for Corporal
Punishment. American Socialogical Review, 58(1), 131-144. Retrieved from

This article is about Conservatives standing firmly against the use of Corporal Punishment. Included,
Conservative Protestants also theorize on how Corporal Punishment goes against some religious beliefs
and ideology that they have: (1) an acceptance of the doctrine of biblical literalism;(2) The conviction
that human nature(and hence the nature of young children) is inherently sinful; (3) and the belief that
human sin demands punishment. It also discussed how various members of the popular press and well-
known individuals such as Dr. Benjamin Spock who is perhaps the best-known was previously for
corporal punishment has now called upon U.S. Policymakers to follow the lead of many advanced
industrial societies and restrict or ban the use of corporal punishment by teachers and parents (U.S.
Department of Education 1986; Burns and Straus 1987).

Article 2

Hurwitz, J., & Smithney, S. (1998). Gender Differences on Crime and Punishment. Political
Research Quarterly, 51(1), 89-115. Retrieved from

In this article, it explains the differences of crime and punishment experienced by individuals from the
1980’s until now. In this study, we systematically examine how, and why, women and men approach the
issue of crime. It explains how by you going through corporal punishment or abuse of any sense as a
adolescent, can have various and major effects on you as you reach Adulthood. Alot from this Journal
article includes real life experiences that have built up in people and has turned them against
punishment of any kind.

Article 3

Jewett, J. (1952). The Fight against Corporal Punishment in American Schools. History of
Education Journal, 43(1), 1-10. Retrieved from

The Fight against corporal punishment in American schools is a shorter but more interesting article that
deals with numbers of people angrily against the use of Corporal Punishment. It talks about how petty
little crimes such as having your feet in the idle or dropping something on the floor result in worthless
punishment. It argues that know man or woman should be able to lift a finger to discipline a child, for
words are more useful. And how Finally, a theory of instruction was developing in America which
provided a firm basis of attack upon harsh punishments in the classroom.

Article 4
Annotated Bibliography 3

Larzelere, R., & Merenda, J. (1994). The Effectiveness of Parental Discipline for Toddler
Misbehavior at Different Levels of Child Distress. Family Relations, 43(4), 480-488. Retrieved from

This article discusses a study conducted to show how the differences in the way a child responds to
discipline can vary based on the level of distress the child experiences after they have been disciplined
by their parent. The authors discussed different theoretical views of socialization, which were based on
behavioral and cognitive theories. These views have been researched for decades, but no evidence had
been found to show that alternatives to disciplining your child actually work. The results of the study
show that parents do not have to use harsh punishment to discipline their child. Parents can instead
combine reasoning and discipline with the child, as long as this method creates a moderate level of
emotional distress to the child. The study also suggests that all parent education programs should
consider teaching this alternative approach to parents in their training classes.

Article 5

Rodriguez, C. (2003). Parental Discipline and Abuse Potential Affects on Child Depression, Anxiety,
and Attributions. Journal of Marriage and family, 65(4), 809-817. Retrieved from

This Article talks about the differences in emotional functioning do to there parents or guardians choice
of discipline. Families with know known abuse in their history were reported to have less conflict and
more prone to being able to express themselves in different ways more so than resulting to violence.
Families that have endured more harsh forms of physical punishment were likely to relay that physical
anger to another person in the future or be less of a people person. The media typically spotlight the
most brutal and fatal instances of child abuse, neglecting that most cases of maltreatment emerge from
the routine practice of physical discipline strategies.