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Frequently Asked Questions

Question:
What values should be used for generating the VLP curves?
Keywords:
IPM - PROSPER - GAP - VLP
Answer:
The values used for generating the VLP curves are dependent upon the conditions of the field. The
objective is to generate the VLP curves with a range of values that encompass the conditions which
will be experienced in the field in future.
The reason for using a high range of values is so that GAP will always interpolate between the values
entered. If the range of data points entered is sparse, then GAP will have to extrapolate on the values
which will give incorrect results.
The following values can be used as possible intervals to enter the data for the VLP curves. These
values are only provided as guidance.
The user has the best understanding of the production system, and is therefore in the best
position to decide on the range of values to be used. It is the responsibility of the User to
cross check if the field conditions observed for a particular well lie within the range of data
entered for the VLP curves.

For Naturally Lifted Oil Wells.


From

To

Number
of
Points

Distribution
of Points

Liquid Rate

From low
value (say
100 stb)

AOF (Absolute
20
Open Hole Flow of
well)

Geometric
Spacing

Top Node
Pressure

100 psig

Reservoir
Pressure

10

Linear
Spacing

Water Cut

0%

90% or 95 % or
99 %

10

Linear
Spacing

GOR

A value less
than Solution
GOR

25000 scf/stb

10

Geometric
Spacing

Comments

The Top Node Pressure


corresponds to the Well Head
Pressure.

The second value of the GOR


is generally set to the Solution
GOR. The value less than
Solution GOR corresponds to
the reduction in GOR when
Reservoir Pressure just falls
below the bubble point.

Petroleum Experts Ltd.

For Gas Wells


From

To

Number Distribution
of Points of Points
20

Comments

Gas Rate

From low
AOF (Absolute
value (say 0.1 Open Hole Flow of
MMscf)
well)

Geometric
Spacing

Top Node
Pressure

100 psig

Reservoir Pressure 10

Linear
Spacing

The Top Node Pressure


corresponds to the Well Head
Pressure.

WGR

Refer to
Comments on the
Right

10

Linear
Spacing

The value for Maximum WGR


is dependent upon the fluid
properties. Generally a value
of 100 stb/MMscf is
reasonable.

CGR

Refer to
Comments on the
Right

10

Geometric
Spacing

The value for Maximum CGR


is dependent upon the fluid
properties.

For Retrograde Condensate Wells


From

To

Number Distribution
of Points of Points
20

Comments

Gas Rate

From low
AOF (Absolute
value (say 0.1 Open Hole Flow of
MMscf)
well)

Geometric
Spacing

Top Node
Pressure

100 psig

Reservoir Pressure 10

Linear
Spacing

The Top Node Pressure


corresponds to the Well Head
Pressure.

WGR

Refer to
Comments on the
Right

10

Linear
Spacing

The value for Maximum WGR


is dependent upon the fluid
properties. Generally a value
of 100 stb/MMscf is
reasonable.

GOR

Refer to
Comments on the
Right

10

Geometric
Spacing

The value for Maximum GOR


is dependent upon the fluid
properties.

For Artificially Lifted Wells


The VLP Data section for Artificially Lifted Wells requires inputting a fifth variable. The following table
shows the variables and values for different types of Artificially Lifted Wells.
Variable

Values

Comments

Frequently Asked Questions

Gas Lifted
Wells

GLR Injected or

0, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600,


3200, 6400, 12500, 25000
(in scf/stb)

Using the GLR Injected as a variable will


ensure that the VLP curves will always
interpolate for the Gas Lift Gas Rate.

Gas Lift Gas Rate

Enter the range of values that could be


injected in the well

ESP wells

Frequency of
Operation

Depending on the Variable Frequency


Drive Option, enter the range of values for
the frequency of motor operation. These
generally range from 40 to 70 Hz.

PCP Well

Motor RPM

The Motor rpm corresponds to the Pump


Speed.

Jet Pump
Well

Power Fluid Rate

HSP Well

Power Fluid Percent

For GAS Injection Wells


From

To

Number
of
Points

Distribution
of Points

Comments

Gas Rate

From low
AOF (Absolute
20
value (say 0.1 Open Hole Flow of
MMscf)
well)

Geometric
Spacing

Top Node
Pressure

100 psig

Reservoir
Pressure

10

Linear
Spacing

The Top Node Pressure


corresponds to the Well Head
Pressure.

WGR

Refer Comments
on Right

10

Linear
Spacing

The Maximum Value for WGR


is dependent upon the quality
of the gas being injected.
Generally a value of 50
stb/MMscf is reasonable.

CGR

Refer Comments
on Right

10

Geometric
Spacing

The Maximum Value of CGR is


dependent upon the quality of
the gas being injected.

For WATER Injection Wells


From

To

Number Distribution
of Points of Points

Liquid Rate

100 stb

AOF (Absolute
20
Open Hole Flow of
well)

Geometric
Spacing

Manifold
Pressure

100 psig

Reservoir Pressure 10

Linear
Spacing

Comments

Petroleum Experts Ltd.