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Olvera Zambrano Mauricio Michel

Dispositivos de Microondas

Tarea 1

03/03/2014

4.9 A two-port network is driven at both ports such that the port voltages and currents have the following
values:

Determine the incident and reflected voltages at both ports, if the characteristic impedance is

Solution

The total voltage and current at the nth port can be written as
,
Solving for

and

gives,

Substituting the giving values we have,


(

The input impedance can be calculated as follows,

4.11 Consider two-port networks with individual scattering matrices, [


parameter of the cascade of these networks is given by

] and [

]. Show that the overall

Solution

We can define the wave amplitudes as shown

Then,
[

][

[
|

][

When

we have,

Then,

(
Finally,

[ ][

|
4.12 Consider a lossless two-port network. (a) If the network is reciprocal, show that | |
If the network is nonreciprocal, show that it is impossible to have unidirectional transmission, where
and
.

Solution

(a)
[ ]
where

because the network is reciprocal

[ ] is unitary if lossless, so from the first column we have,


|

Therefore,
|

(b)
Since [ ] is nonreciprocal,

,
[ ]

So, from the first row,


|

And from the first column,

| . (b)

4.16 A four-port network has the scattering matrix shown below.


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

If this network lossless?


Is this network reciprocal?
What is the return loss at port 1 when all other ports are matched?
What is the insertion loss and phase between ports 2 and 4, when all other ports are matched?
What is the reflection coefficient seen at port 1 if a short circuit is placed at the terminal plane of port 3,
and all other ports are matched?

[ ]

Solution

(a)
(

[ ] must be unitary to be lossless, so


|
(

|
)

|
(

|
)

|
(

|
)

(e)

( )

For a short circuit at port 3, and matched loads at


other ports, we have

Therefore, this network is not lossless.


(b)
The network is not symmetric therefore [ ] is not
reciprocal.
(c)
When ports 2, 3, 4 are matched,

, so,

Then,

| |
(

)
(

(d)
When ports 1 and 3 are matched,

)(

4.17 A four-port network has the scattering matrix shown below. If ports 3 and 4 are connected with a
lossless matched transmission line with an electrical length of 100, find the resulting insertion loss and
phase between ports 1 and 2.

[ ]

Solution

Lets assume feed at port 1, port 2 matched. Then,

Also,

So,

Solving for

gives,

Then,

(
(

)(
)(

)(
)(

)
)

4.18 Consider a two-port network consisting of a junction of two transmission lines with characteristic
impedances
and
, as shown below. Find the generalized scattering parameters of this network.

Solution

The next equation shows how the S parameters of a network with equal characteristic impedance
(
) can be converted to a network connected to transmission lines with
unequal characteristic impedances.

Therefore,

[ ]