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IL & FS TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS LTD.

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OFFICE OF ORIGIN
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OWNER
IL & FS Transportation Networks LTD.

CLIENT
NATIONAL HIGHWAY AUTHORITY OF INDIA

PROJECT
Construction of 4-Laned Highways from Khed to Sinnar Section of NH-50 (KM 42.000 to 177.000) in the state
of Maharashtra

TITLE

Design of Superstructure of Minor Bridge


At Chainage: 134.203 & 132.610

DATE
21.01.2014

Rev. No.
R0

MODIFICATIONS/
PURPOSE OF ISSUE
For Approval

This note is property of IL & FS


TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS LTD.
it should not be used, copied or
reproduced without their written
permission.

PREPARED
Name

Signature

BVR

NT

DATE

21.01.2014

CHECKED
Name

NOTE NO.
DN- 08-2801

Signature

APPROVED
Name

SCM

Rev.No.

R0

Signature

Table of Contents
Title

S.No.

Introduction

Design Basic Data

Properties of Longitudinal and Cross-girders

Design Methodology

Loads

Analysis Results

Design

Forces due to Differential Shrinkage

Temperature Stresses

10

Serviceability Limit State

11

Stress Check

12

Crack Width Check

13

Deflection Check

14

Interface Shear Check

15

Design of Diaphragms

17

Design of Deck Slab

1.0 INTRODUCTION
GENERAL ARRANGEMENT OF SUPERSTRUCTURE
This design note deals with the design of simply supported RCC precast T Girder at design chainage
18.70 m between C/C distances of expansion joints. RCC T Girder
134.203 The overall span is
is proposed under the pavement of
2 lanes of carriageway with footpath. The RCC T-Girder
is supported over RCC abutment.
The camber/superelevation is adjusted in pedestals supporting superstructure. The minimum height of
pedestal is considered as 0.25m. The pot PTFE bearings are provided over the pedestals below the
superstructure.
Expansion joint of 40mm has been provided between the spans. The clear cover for reinforcement is
considered as
0.04 m
NOTE : This design of super structure is also adopted for Minor bridge at Ch: 132.610

CODES
The superstructure shall be designed as per the following codes:
Standard specifications & Code of practice for road bridges, Section II
IRC: 6-2010
Code of practice for Concrete road bridges
IRC: 112-2011
MATERIALS
The materials used for the project are as under
Characteristic strength of concrete "fck" :
RCC Girder, Cross girder & Slab
Crash Barrier
Characteristic strength of steel "fyk"
Type of bearing
Type of Expansion Joints
Environmental exposure
Density of concrete
Density of green concrete
Density of wearing coat

=
=

2
M 40 N/mm
2
M 40 N/mm

= Fe 500
= Elastomeric
= Strip seal exp joints
= Moderate
3
2.5 t/m
=
3
2.7 t/m
=
3
2.2 t/m
=

2.0 DESIGN BASIC DATA


Seismic Zone
Overall span
C/C of Bearing & Expansion joint on LHS
C/C of Bearing & Expansion joint on RHS
C/C of bearing
O/O width of superstructure
Width of carriageway
(b x h)
Dimensions of footpath
(b x h)
Dimensions of crash barrier
(b x h)
Dimensions of railing
(b x h)
Dimensions of Kerb
Depth of slab
Depth of precast girder
Thickness of wearing coat
Clear cover
C/C dist between girders
Cantilever dist of slab from the centre of outer girder
No. of Longitudinal girders
No. of Cross girders

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

III
18.700
0.750
0.750
17.200
12.000
9.000
1.500
0.500
0.200
0.500
0.225
1.600
0.065
0.040
3.000
1.500
4
2

m
m
m
m
m
m
x
x
x
x
m
m
m
m
m
m
Nos.
Nos.

0.000
0.900
0.700
0.300

m
m
m
m

Web tapering details:


Width of web in end portion of girder, bwe
Width of web at end of tapering, bw

=
=

0.450 m
0.250 m

Length of end portion of girder, le

0.900 m

Length of tapered portion, lt

0.900 m

Girder Details:
Width of top flange of girder
Depth of top flange of girder
Width of bottom flange of girder
Depth of bottom flange of girder
Top flange haunch depth at end portion of girder
Top flange haunch depth at mid portion of girder
Bottom flange haunch depth at end portion of girder
Bottom flange haunch depth at mid portion of girder

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.800
0.150
0.450
0.250
0.064
0.100
0.000
0.100

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

Cross-girder details:
Depth of end cross girder+slab
Width of top flange of end cross girder
Depth of top flange of end cross girder
Width of web of end cross girder
Width of top flange haunch of end cross girder
Depth of top flange haunch of end cross girder

=
=
=
=
=
=

1.575
0.400
0.000
0.400
0.000
0.000

m
m
m
m
m
m

Depth of intermediate cross girder


Width of top flange of intermediate cross girder
Depth of top flange of intermediate cross girder
Width of web of intermediate cross girder
Width of top flange haunch of intermediate cross girder
Depth of top flange haunch of intermediate cross girder

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

m
m
m
m
m
m

Span of cross girder in service condition


Mid-Span of cross girder in jacking condition
Total length of cross girder
c/c dist between cross girders in longitudinal direction

=
=
=
=

3.000
1.500
9.000
17.200

m
m
m
m

1.5
1.15
0.0035
200000
33000
17.867
434.78

Basic
Basic

2
347.83 N/mm (pg-86, IRC:112-2011)

DESIGN CONSTANT
Partial mat. safety factor for conc "m"
Partial mat. safety factor for steel "s"
Ultimate Comp strain in conc "cu2"
Modulus of elaticity of steel "E"
Modulus of elasticity of conc "Ecm"
Design compressive strength of conc "fcd"

(0.67*fck/m)

Design tensile strength of steel "fyd"

(fyk/s)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Design yield strength of shear rein. "fywd"

(0.8*fyk/s)

(pg-49, IRC:112-2011)
(pg-33, IRC:112-2011)
(tb:6.5, IRC:112-2011)

N/mm2
N/mm2 (tb:6.5, IRC:112-2011)
N/mm2
N/mm2

DIAGRAM
beff
beff1

b1

b1

beff2

bw

b2

b2

b
1.5
3.000
(CROSS SECTION OF SUPERSTRUCTURE)
As per clause 7.6.1.2 of IRC: 112-2011, the effective width of flange of a girder is as under:
Effective width of Longitudinal girder:
beff
= beff1 + beff2 + bw
beff1
= 0.2*b1 + 0.1*lo
0.2*lo
beff2
= 0.2*b2 + 0.1*lo
0.2*lo
For inner girder:
lo
=
17.200
b1
=
1.375
b2
=
1.375
beff1
=
1.995 <
beff2
beff

=
=

1.995 <
m
3

For outer girder:


lo
=
17.200
b1
=
1.375
b2
=
1.375
beff1
=
1.995 <
beff2
beff

=
=

0.900

1.995 <
3
m

0.900

m
m
m
0.2lo =

3.44

and

b1 =

1.375

0.2lo =

3.44

and

b2 =

1.375

m
m
m
0.2lo =

3.44

and

b1 =

1.375

0.2lo =

3.44

and

b2 =

1.375

15.100

(LONGITUDINAL SECTION OF GIRDER)

0.90

0.90

Effective width of End Cross girder:


0.750

0.550

0.400

beff
beff1
beff2

= beff1 + beff2 + bw
= 0.2*b1 + 0.1*lo
0.2*lo
= 0.2*b2 + 0.1*lo
0.2*lo

lo
b1
b2
beff1

=
=
=
=

3.000
0.750
8.4
0.45 <

beff2
beff

=
=

1.98 <
1.450 m

m
m
m
0.2lo =

0.6

and

b1 =

0.75

0.2lo =

0.6

and

b2 =

8.4

3.0

PROPERTIES OF LONGITUDINAL & CROSS GIRDERS

PROPERTIES OF OUTER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.000 L

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.064
0.175

1.600
0.45
0
0
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0604

0.000586

0x0

0.000

0.250

0.000

0.0000

0.000000

3 1.136 x 0.45

0.511

0.818

0.418

0.0008

0.054975

4 0.175 x 0.064

0.011

1.429

0.016

0.0037

0.000003

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0535

0.000225

0.45 x 0

0.000

0.250

0.000

0.0000

0.000000

0.029

1.418

0.041

0.0090

0.000010

0.672

0.1273

0.055798

7 0.45 x 0.064
TOTAL

0.784

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.672 / 0.784


=

M.I. (composite)

0.858 m

= 0.0558 + 0.1273
=

0.1831

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.183 / 0.858
3

0.214 m

= 0.183 / 0.742
=

0.247 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.064
0.175

1.600
0.45
0
0
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1432

0.000586

0x0

0.000

0.250

0.000

0.0000

0.000000

3 1.136 x 0.45

0.511

0.818

0.418

0.0968

0.054975

4 0.175 x 0.064

0.011

1.429

0.016

0.0003

0.000003

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0089

0.000225

0.45 x 0

0.000

0.250

0.000

0.0000

0.000000

7 0.45 x 0.064

0.029

1.418

0.041

0.0008

0.000010

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1424

0.002848

TOTAL

1.459

1.828

0.3924

0.058646

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.828 / 1.459


=

M.I. (composite)

1.253 m

= 0.0586 + 0.3924
=

0.4510

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.451 / 1.253
0.36

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.451 / 0.572
3
0.789 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.451 / 0.347
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

1.3

m3

( 0.12 x 0.272 ) + ( 0.011 x 0.175 ) + ( 0.029 x 0.165)


( 0.06 x 0.066 )
3
0.043 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.272 ) + ( 0.011 x 0.175 ) + ( 0.029 x 0.165)
( 0.06 x 0.066 )
( 0.675 x 0.459 )
3
= 0.353 m

PROPERTIES OF OUTER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.174 L

2.99 m

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0618

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0034

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0001

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0083

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0520

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0080

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0071

0.000021

TOTAL

0.570

0.494

0.1408

0.021707

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.494 / 0.57


=

M.I. (composite)

0.866 m

= 0.0217 + 0.1408
=

0.1625

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.163 / 0.866
3

0.188 m

= 0.163 / 0.734
=

0.222 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1620

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0109

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0564

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0002

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0048

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0263

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0001

0.000021

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1013

0.002848

TOTAL

1.245

1.650

0.3620

0.024554

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.65 / 1.245


=

M.I. (composite)

1.325 m

= 0.0246 + 0.362
=

0.3866

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.387 / 1.325
3

0.292 m

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.387 / 0.5
3
0.773 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.387 / 0.275
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

3
1.407 m

( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)


( 0.006 x 0.012 )
3
0.028 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)
( 0.006 x 0.012 )
( 0.675 x 0.387 )
3
= 0.29 m

PROPERTIES OF OUTER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.283 L

4.86 m

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0618

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0034

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0001

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0083

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0520

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0080

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0071

0.000021

TOTAL

0.570

0.494

0.1408

0.021707

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.494 / 0.57


=

M.I. (composite)

0.866 m

= 0.0217 + 0.1408
=

0.1625

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.163 / 0.866
3

0.188 m

= 0.163 / 0.734
=

0.222 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1620

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0109

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0564

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0002

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0048

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0263

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0001

0.000021

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1013

0.002848

TOTAL

1.245

1.650

0.3620

0.024554

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.65 / 1.245


=

M.I. (composite)

1.325 m

= 0.0246 + 0.362
=

0.3866

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.387 / 1.325
3

0.292 m

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.387 / 0.5
3
0.773 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.387 / 0.275
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

3
1.407 m

( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)


( 0.006 x 0.012 )
3
0.028 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)
( 0.006 x 0.012 )
( 0.675 x 0.387 )
3
= 0.29 m

PROPERTIES OF OUTER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.391 L

6.73 m

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0618

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0034

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0001

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0083

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0520

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0080

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0071

0.000021

TOTAL

0.570

0.494

0.1408

0.021707

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.494 / 0.57


=

M.I. (composite)

0.866 m

= 0.0217 + 0.1408
=

0.1625

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.163 / 0.866
3

0.188 m

= 0.163 / 0.734
=

0.222 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1620

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0109

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0564

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0002

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0048

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0263

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0001

0.000021

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1013

0.002848

TOTAL

1.245

1.650

0.3620

0.024554

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.65 / 1.245


=

M.I. (composite)

1.325 m

= 0.0246 + 0.362
=

0.3866

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.387 / 1.325
3

0.292 m

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.387 / 0.5
3
0.773 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.387 / 0.275
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

3
1.407 m

( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)


( 0.006 x 0.012 )
3
0.028 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)
( 0.006 x 0.012 )
( 0.675 x 0.387 )
3
= 0.29 m

PROPERTIES OF OUTER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.500 L

8.6

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0618

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0034

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0001

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0083

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0520

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0080

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0071

0.000021

TOTAL

0.570

0.494

0.1408

0.021707

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.494 / 0.57


=

M.I. (composite)

0.866 m

= 0.0217 + 0.1408
=

0.1625

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.163 / 0.866
3

0.188 m

= 0.163 / 0.734
=

0.222 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1620

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0109

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0564

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0002

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0048

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0263

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0001

0.000021

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1013

0.002848

TOTAL

1.245

1.650

0.3620

0.024554

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.65 / 1.245


=

M.I. (composite)

1.325 m

= 0.0246 + 0.362
=

0.3866

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.387 / 1.325
3

0.292 m

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.387 / 0.5
3
0.773 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.387 / 0.275
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

3
1.407 m

( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)


( 0.006 x 0.012 )
3
0.028 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)
( 0.006 x 0.012 )
( 0.675 x 0.387 )
3
= 0.29 m

PROPERTIES OF INNER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.000 L

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.064
0.175

1.600
0.45
0
0
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0604

0.000586

0x0

0.000

0.250

0.000

0.0000

0.000000

3 1.136 x 0.45

0.511

0.818

0.418

0.0008

0.054975

4 0.175 x 0.064

0.011

1.429

0.016

0.0037

0.000003

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0535

0.000225

0.45 x 0

0.000

0.250

0.000

0.0000

0.000000

0.029

1.418

0.041

0.0090

0.000010

0.672

0.1273

0.055798

7 0.45 x 0.064
TOTAL

0.784

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.672 / 0.784


=

M.I. (composite)

0.858 m

= 0.0558 + 0.1273
=

0.1831

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.183 / 0.858
3

0.214 m

= 0.183 / 0.742
=

0.247 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.064
0.175

1.600
0.45
0
0
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1432

0.000586

0x0

0.000

0.250

0.000

0.0000

0.000000

3 1.136 x 0.45

0.511

0.818

0.418

0.0968

0.054975

4 0.175 x 0.064

0.011

1.429

0.016

0.0003

0.000003

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0089

0.000225

0.45 x 0

0.000

0.250

0.000

0.0000

0.000000

7 0.45 x 0.064

0.029

1.418

0.041

0.0008

0.000010

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1424

0.002848

TOTAL

1.459

1.828

0.3924

0.058646

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.828 / 1.459


=

M.I. (composite)

1.253 m

= 0.0586 + 0.3924
=

0.4510

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.451 / 1.253
0.36

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.451 / 0.572
3
0.789 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.451 / 0.347
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

1.3

m3

( 0.12 x 0.272 ) + ( 0.011 x 0.175 ) + ( 0.029 x 0.165)


( 0.06 x 0.066 )
3
0.043 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.272 ) + ( 0.011 x 0.175 ) + ( 0.029 x 0.165)
( 0.06 x 0.066 )
( 0.675 x 0.459 )
3
= 0.353 m

PROPERTIES OF INNER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.125 L

2.99 m

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0618

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0034

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0001

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0083

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0520

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0080

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0071

0.000021

TOTAL

0.570

0.494

0.1408

0.021707

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.494 / 0.57


=

M.I. (composite)

0.866 m

= 0.0217 + 0.1408
=

0.1625

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.163 / 0.866
3

0.188 m

= 0.163 / 0.734
=

0.222 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1620

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0109

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0564

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0002

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0048

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0263

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0001

0.000021

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1013

0.002848

TOTAL

1.245

1.650

0.3620

0.024554

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.65 / 1.245


=

M.I. (composite)

1.325 m

= 0.0246 + 0.362
=

0.3866

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.387 / 1.325
3

0.292 m

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.387 / 0.5
3
0.773 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.387 / 0.275
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

3
1.407 m

( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)


( 0.006 x 0.012 )
3
0.028 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)
( 0.006 x 0.012 )
( 0.675 x 0.387 )
3
= 0.29 m

PROPERTIES OF INNER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.174 L

4.86 m

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0618

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0034

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0001

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0083

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0520

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0080

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0071

0.000021

TOTAL

0.570

0.494

0.1408

0.021707

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.494 / 0.57


=

M.I. (composite)

0.866 m

= 0.0217 + 0.1408
=

0.1625

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.163 / 0.866
3

0.188 m

= 0.163 / 0.734
=

0.222 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1620

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0109

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0564

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0002

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0048

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0263

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0001

0.000021

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1013

0.002848

TOTAL

1.245

1.650

0.3620

0.024554

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.65 / 1.245


=

M.I. (composite)

1.325 m

= 0.0246 + 0.362
=

0.3866

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.387 / 1.325
3

0.292 m

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.387 / 0.5
3
0.773 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.387 / 0.275
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

3
1.407 m

( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)


( 0.006 x 0.012 )
3
0.028 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)
( 0.006 x 0.012 )
( 0.675 x 0.387 )
3
= 0.29 m

PROPERTIES OF INNER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.391 L

6.73 m

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0618

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0034

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0001

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0083

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0520

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0080

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0071

0.000021

TOTAL

0.570

0.494

0.1408

0.021707

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.494 / 0.57


=

M.I. (composite)

0.866 m

= 0.0217 + 0.1408
=

0.1625

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.163 / 0.866
3

0.188 m

= 0.163 / 0.734
=

0.222 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1620

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0109

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0564

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0002

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0048

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0263

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0001

0.000021

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1013

0.002848

TOTAL

1.245

1.650

0.3620

0.024554

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.65 / 1.245


=

M.I. (composite)

1.325 m

= 0.0246 + 0.362
=

0.3866

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.387 / 1.325
3

0.292 m

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.387 / 0.5
3
0.773 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.387 / 0.275
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

3
1.407 m

( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)


( 0.006 x 0.012 )
3
0.028 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)
( 0.006 x 0.012 )
( 0.675 x 0.387 )
3
= 0.29 m

PROPERTIES OF INNER GIRDER AT SECTION :

0.500 L

8.6

(A) GIRDER ALONE PROPERTY:


0.80
0.15
0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.0618

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0034

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0001

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0083

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0520

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0080

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0071

0.000021

TOTAL

0.570

0.494

0.1408

0.021707

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 0.494 / 0.57


=

M.I. (composite)

0.866 m

= 0.0217 + 0.1408
=

0.1625

m4

Section modulus (bottom) Zb


=

Section modulus (top) Zt

= 0.163 / 0.866
3

0.188 m

= 0.163 / 0.734
=

0.222 m

(B) PROPERTY OF COMPOSITE SECTION:


3
0.225
0.8

0.15

0.1
0.275

1.600
0.25
0.1
0.1
0.25
0.45
No. Dimension of
Element

Area
A (m2)

Distance of C.G.
from bottom (m)

A.yb

A.yb2

M.I. (self) m4

0.45 x 0.25

0.113

0.125

0.014

0.1620

0.000586

0.1 x 0.1

0.010

0.283

0.003

0.0109

0.000006

1 x 0.25

0.250

0.850

0.213

0.0564

0.020833

0.275 x 0.1

0.028

1.417

0.039

0.0002

0.000015

0.8 x 0.15

0.120

1.525

0.183

0.0048

0.000225

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

0.300

0.008

0.0263

0.000021

0.25 x 0.1

0.025

1.400

0.035

0.0001

0.000021

3 x 0.225

0.675

1.713

1.156

0.1013

0.002848

TOTAL

1.245

1.650

0.3620

0.024554

Extreme Fiber from bottom = 1.65 / 1.245


=

M.I. (composite)

1.325 m

= 0.0246 + 0.362
=

0.3866

Section modulus (bottom of girder) Zgb

= 0.387 / 1.325
3

0.292 m

Section modulus (top of slab) Zst

= 0.387 / 0.5
3
0.773 m

Section modulus (bottom of slab) Zsb

= 0.387 / 0.275
=

First moment of Area of girder above N.A. =


=

3
1.407 m

( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)


( 0.006 x 0.012 )
3
0.028 m

First Moment of Area of composite secton above N.A.


= ( 0.12 x 0.2 ) + ( 0.028 x 0.092 ) + ( 0.025 x 0.075)
( 0.006 x 0.012 )
( 0.675 x 0.387 )
3
= 0.29 m

PROPERTIES OF END CROSS-GIRDER


1450
400
1
2

225
0
0
0

1350.0

1350

1575

400

Area
Mrk
1
1
2
3

A =Area
326250.00
0.00
0.00
540000.00

Y from
Bott
1462.5
1350
1350
675

2
866250 mm

Area of Girder

AY
MI
477140625 1376367188
0
0
0
0
364500000 8.2013E+10

h
Ah2
490.909 7.862E+10
378.409
0
378.409
0
296.591 4.75E+10

J=Ixx=T
orsional
Izz=Ixx + moment
2
Ah
of Inertia
8E+10 2.8E+09
0
0
0
1.295E+11 2.9E+10

4
Izz 2.095E+11 3.2E+10 mm

841640625

2
866250 mm

2
0.8663 m

CG from Bottom

971.590909 mm

0.9716 m

CG from Top

603.409091 mm

0.6034 m

Zbg =

3
215640296 mm

3
0.2156 m

Zts =

3
347217426 mm

3
0.3472 m

Ztg =

3
553671030 mm

3
0.5537 m

Izz =

4
2.0951E+11 mm

4
0.2095 m

J=Ixx=Torsional moment of Inertia

4
3.1553E+10 mm

4
0.0316 m

Iyy =

4
6.4362E+10 mm

4
0.0644 m

Weight of girder without deck (UDL)

1.35 t/m

Weight of girder with deck (UDL)

2.16575 t/m

4.0

DESIGN METHODOLOGY

The following salient features are considered in this design note.


o Partial safety factor of 1.5 has been adopted for concrete and 1.15 has been adopted for steel as
per Cl: 6.4.2.8 & 6.3.5 of IRC: 112 respectively.
o The bending moment for various loads were obtained from the floor analysis. And the same is
multiplied with the partial safety factor for obtaining the factored bending moment.
o For Ultimate strength check, Table 3.2 of IRC: 6 has been considered for the partial safety factor for
various loads.
o For Serviceability check, Table 3.3 of IRC: 6 has been considered for the partial safety factor for
various loads.
The RCC girder bridge is checked for the following two conditions
Ultimate strength check
Serviceability check
o Ultimate compressive strain in the concrete (cu3) has been considered as 0.0035
o Design yield strength of reinforcement for bending fyd = fyk/s
o Design yield strength of reinforcement for shear fywd = fyk/s
o Area of tension reinforcement is calculated and made ensured that the strain in the reinforcement
is sufficient to cause yeilding.
Based on the design methodology, The Ultimate limit state design of bridge has been done and
presented below.
DESIGN METHODOLOGY FOR SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE:
The following check are done as per IRC: 112 prescribed
o For stress Check
Due to long term creep and shrinkage effect, the effective concrete modulus is reduced for sustained
load.
Maximum stress at outermost compression fibre and outermost tension fibre were limited to
permissible stresses mentioned in IRC:112.
o For Crack width Check
The crack width in concrete has been checked in accordance with Cl:12.3.4 of IRC:112. Maximum
crack width is limited to 0.3mm as per table 12.1 of IRC:112.
o For Deflection check:
For calculation of deflection due to sustain loads, the cracked moment of inertia has been considered
as 70% of the uncracked moment of inertia as per Cl:12.4.2 (1) of IRC:112.
Due to long term creep and shrinkage effect, the effective concrete modulus is reduced for sustained
load as per Cl:12.4.2 (2) of IRC :112.

LOADS:
The following loads and Load Combinations are considered in this design note.
Dead Loads:
Self weight of the RCC girder & slab is calculated based on the unit weight of 25 KN/m3 in accordance
with Cl: 203 of IRC: 6-2010.
Super imposed Dead Loads (SIDL)
o Wearing Coat:
Thickness of Wearing coat on top of the deck slab for design is assumed as 65mm thick for future
overlay and the self weight is calculated based on the unit weight of 22 KN/m3.
o RCC Crash barrier:
For calculation of self weight of crash barrier, the cross sectional area of the crash barrier is taken as
0.4 m2.
Live Loads:
The following loads specified in IRC were considered in the design:
o 70R - Wheeled Vehicle
o Class A Vehicle
Live load Combination:
All the possible load combination for 2-Lanes carriage way structure as per table-2 of IRC: 6 have been
done.

5.0 LOADS
The following loads and load combinations are considered in this design note
Dead load:
The dead load is applied as a UDL or floor load. The intensity of loads is as under:
Area
2
(m )

Density
(t/m3)

0.4
0.07
0.15

2.5
2.5
2.5
0

Load
(t/m) (t/m2)

Type of
Load

b
(m)

h
(m)

SIDL except surfacing


Crash Barrier
Railing (assuming 50% perforation)
Kerb
Footpath

UDL
UDL
UDL
Floor

0.2
0.5

0.7
0.3
0

SIDL- surfacing
Wearing Coat (min 0.2 t/m2)

Floor

Outer girder
End section
Tapered section
Mid section

UDL
UDL
UDL

0.784
0.677
0.57

2.5
2.5
2.5

1.96
1.6925
1.425

Outer girder-composite
End section
Tapered section
Mid section

UDL
UDL
UDL

1.4587
1.3519
1.245

2.5
2.5
2.5

3.6468
3.3796
3.1125

Inner girder
End section
Tapered section
Mid section

UDL
UDL
UDL

0.784
0.677
0.57

2.5
2.5
2.5

1.96
1.6925
1.425

Inner girder-composite
End section
Tapered section
Mid section

UDL
UDL
UDL

1.4587
1.3519
1.245

2.5
2.5
2.5

3.6468
3.3796
3.1125

1.00
0.175
0.375
0

0.2

2.2

0.065

Live loads:
The live loads are applied as moving vehicular loads, as defined by IRC:6-2010.

Footpath Live loads:


The footpath live loads are applied as per Clause:206.2 of IRC:6-2010.
Effective span(L)
=
17.2 m & Width of footway(W)
=
2
Therefore, The live load in kg/m2
=
456.89 kg/m
=
Distributing the above load on girders:
b
h
Type of
Load
(m)
(m)
Footpath Live Loads
For outer girder
UDL
For inner girder
UDL
For outer girder
UDL
Weight of shuttering:
The intensity of weight of shuttering is assumed as
Type of
Load
Weight of shuttering
For outer girder
UDL
For inner girder
UDL

b
(m)

Note: Negative sign indicates load acting in positive y direction.

100
h
(m)

1.5 m
2
0.457 t/m
Area
2
(m )

Density
(t/m3)

Load
(t/m) (t/m2)

kg/m2.
Area
(m2)

Density
(t/m3)

Load
(t/m) (t/m2)
1.2
1.2

6.0 ANALYSIS RESULTS

0
2.99
4.86
6.73
8.60

0
2.99
4.86
6.73
8.6

0
2.99
4.86
6.73
8.6

0
2.99
4.86
6.73
8.6

0
2.99
4.86
6.73
8.6

0
2.99
4.86
6.73
8.60

Girder Self-weight-Moment
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
0.55
0.55
0.55 0.548
0
30.36 30.34 30.36 30.36
42.85 42.84 42.85 42.85
50.34 50.33 50.34 50.339
52.83 52.83 52.83 52.828
Weight of shuttering-Moment
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
0.20
0.09
0.20 0.203
0
6.59
6.16
6.59 6.589
9.33
8.67
9.33 9.332
10.97 10.16 10.97 10.973
11.52 10.65 11.52 11.518
Green wt of deck slab-Moment
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
0.85
0.65
0.85 0.848
0
43.16 41.17 43.16 43.162
60.81 57.78 60.81 60.805
71.37 67.71 71.37 71.37
74.88 70.96 74.88 74.884
Deck slab weight-Moment
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
0.57
0.62
0.57 0.566
0
40.18 37.41 40.18 40.175
56.57 52.59 56.57 56.565
66.38 61.68 66.38 66.381
69.65 64.68 69.65 69.652
SIDL(except surfacing) MOMENT
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
0.19
3.90
3.26 3.262
0
27.65 2.81 24.57 27.645
39.81 6.37 35.71 39.81
47.07 6.63 42.36 47.072
49.48 6.48 44.66 49.481
SIDL(surfacing) MOMENT
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
0.25
0.19
0.31
0.31
0
13.37 12.11 13.32 13.373
18.92 17.06 18.87 18.915
22.24 20.03 22.20 22.236
23.34 21.00 23.31 23.341

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.60

Girder Self-weight-Shear
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
13.01 13.01 13.01 13.007
9.81
9.82
9.81 9.814
9.72
9.73
9.72 9.724
5.35
5.35
5.35 5.354
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
0.00
0.00
0.00
0

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.6

Weight of shuttering-Shear
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
2.58
2.28
2.54 2.579
2.21
1.91
2.21
2.21
2.13
1.90
2.13 2.125
1.37
1.20
1.37 1.365
0.85
0.67
0.85 0.852
0.26
0.15
0.26 0.262

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.6

Green wt of deck slab-Shear


G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
17.17 15.86 17.17 17.174
13.36 12.38 13.36 13.359
13.36 12.38 13.36 13.359
9.56
8.89
9.56 9.557
5.77
5.38
5.77 5.765
1.98
1.86
1.98
1.98

15.862
12.375
12.375
8.891
5.384
1.856

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.6

Deck Slab weight-Shear


G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
15.88 14.55 15.88 15.884
12.36 11.36 12.36 12.361
12.36 11.36 12.36 12.361
8.72
8.15
8.72 8.719
5.33
4.93
5.33 5.332
1.82
1.69
1.82 1.824

14.554
11.355
11.355
8.147
4.926
1.694

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.6

SIDL(except surfacing) SHEAR


G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
11.67 2.97 10.60 11.672
9.52
2.02
9.52 9.522
9.52
2.02
8.39 9.522
6.83
1.08
5.74 6.834
4.16
0.36
3.22 4.163
1.50
0.23
1.63 1.628

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.6

SIDL(surfacing) SHEAR
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
5.19
4.53
5.11 5.188
4.22
3.78
4.22 4.223
4.22
3.77
4.22 4.219
2.90
2.38
2.70 2.903
1.71
1.33
1.50 1.714
0.53
0.28
0.37 0.525

I-design

0.548
0
30.337
42.835
50.332
52.829

I-design

0.091
0
6.164
8.667
10.161
10.648

I-design

0.651
0
41.17
57.777
67.707
70.963

I-design

0.616
0
37.405
52.586
61.677
64.679

I-design

3.9
0
2.813
6.374
6.633
6.475

I-design

0.187
0
12.105
17.06
20.025
21

I-design

13.006
9.822
9.725
5.35
2.676
0

I-design

2.283
1.906
1.898
1.197
0.671
0.145

I-design

I-design

I-design

2.967
2.018
2.018
1.077
0.355
0.233

I-design

4.526
3.782
3.769
2.375
1.331
0.282

Footpath Live Load

0
2.99
4.86
6.73
8.6

Footpath LL MOMENT
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
1.257 1.079 0.002 1.257
0
0
0
0
13.672 1.991 0.12 13.672
19.553 2.425 0.16 19.553
23.026 2.666 0.182 23.026
24.145 2.66 -0.189 24.145

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.6

Footpath LL SHEAR
G-1
G-2
G-3 O-design
5.745 0.297 0.029 5.745
5.45
0.1
0.66
5.45
4.664 0.269 0.026 4.664
3.332 0.213 0.021 3.332
2.027 0.134 0.007 2.027
0.736 0.046 0.007 0.736

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.6

G-1
8.89
0.88
7.761
6.12
4.241
3.237

I-design

1.079
0
1.991
2.425
2.666
2.66

I-design

0.297
0.1
0.269
0.213
0.134
0.046

Live Load
Case1: Governing LL
LL MOMENT
G-1
G-2
G-3
0
8.282 30.103 21.652
0
0
0
2.99 27.009 107.16 91.67
4.86 37.445 145.02 125.24
6.73 43.224 168.49 145.34
8.6 44.505 176.42 153.23

O-design

I-design

21.652
0
91.67
125.24
145.34
153.23

30.103
0
107.16
145.02
168.49
176.42

LL SHEAR
G-2
G-3 O-design I-design
49.326 39.9
39.9 49.326
24.6 40.15 40.15 24.6
41.998 36.7
36.7 41.998
30.153 28.1
28.1 30.153
23.707 20.4
20.4 23.707
18.034 11.211 11.211 18.034

Number of lanes
Reduction due to longitudinal effect
Impact factor for class A Loading = 4.5/(6+L)
Impact factor for class 70R Loading

=
=
=
=

2
0%
0.194
0.175

Moment summary:
For outer girder:
Moment

0
2.99
4.86
6.73
8.6

With reduction

With impact

Max

Footpath

Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 moment LL mom
21.652
0
0
21.65
0
0
25.44
0
0
25.44 1.257
91.67
125.24
145.34
153.23

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

91.67
125.24
145.34
153.23

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

107.71
147.16
170.77
180.05

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

107.71
147.16
170.77
180.05

13.672
19.553
23.026
24.145

Max

Footpath

Design
moment
26.697
121.382
166.713
193.796
204.195

For inner girder:

Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 moment LL mom
30.103
0
0
30.1
0
0
35.37
0
0
35.37 1.079

Design
moment
36.449

125.91 1.991
170.4 2.425
197.98 2.666
207.29 2.66

127.901
172.825
200.646
209.95

Moment

0
2.99
4.86
6.73
8.6

107.16
145.02
168.49
176.42

0
0
0
0

With reduction

0
0
0
0

107.16
145.02
168.49
176.42

0
0
0
0

With impact

0
0
0
0

125.91
170.4
197.98
207.29

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

Shear summary:
For outer girder:
Shear

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.6

With reduction

With impact

Max

Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Shear
39.9
0
0
39.9
0
0
46.88
0
0
46.88
40.15
0
0
40.15
0
0
47.18
0
0
47.18
36.7
0
0
36.7
0
0
43.12
0
0
43.12
28.1
0
0
28.1
0
0
33.02
0
0
33.02
20.4
0
0
20.4
0
0
23.97
0
0
23.97
11.211
0
0
11.21
0
0
13.17
0
0
13.17

Footpath
LL shear

5.745
5.45
4.664
3.332
2.027
0.736

Design shear
52.625
52.63
47.784
36.352
25.997
13.906

For inner girder:


Shear

0
Deff
EOT
4.86
6.73
8.60

With reduction

With impact

Max

Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Case-1 Case-2 Case-3 Shear
49.326
0
0
49.33
0
0
57.96
0
0
57.96
24.6
0
0
24.6
0
0
28.91
0
0
28.91
41.998
0
0
42
0
0
49.35
0
0
49.35
30.153
0
0
30.15
0
0
35.43
0
0
35.43
23.707
0
0
23.71
0
0
27.86
0
0
27.86
18.034
0
0
18.03
0
0
21.19
0
0
21.19

Footpath
LL shear

0.297
0.1
0.269
0.213
0.134
0.046

Design shear
58.257
29.01
49.619
35.643
27.994
21.236

7.0 DESIGN
Fy
Fck
Width of Beam
Depth of Beam

=
=
=
=

500
40
0.45
1825

Mpa
Mpa
m
mm

Ru

0.133 (depends on grade of steel used)

fctm

Design of Outer Girder under ULS(Ultimate Limit State)

0
Layers of steel
Layer 1
Layer 2
Layer 3
Layer 4
Layer 5
Layer 6
Layer 7
Layer 8
Ast (mm2)
CG frm bottom (mm)

Section
4.86

2.99

6.73

8.6

cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom

32
32
32

5
4
0

68
132
196

32
32
32

5
4
0

68
132
196

32
32
32

5
4
0

68
132
196

32
32
32

5
4
4

68
132
196

32
32
32
32

5
5
4
0

68
132
196
260

7238.229
96.444

7238.229
96.444

7238.229
96.444

10455.220
127.077

11259.468
127.429

1.114
3.262
0.310
26.697

70.535
27.645
13.373
121.382

99.415
39.810
18.915
166.713

116.720
47.072
22.236
193.796

122.480
49.481
23.341
204.195

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

LL (t.m)

1.504
4.404
0.543
40.046

95.222
37.321
23.403
182.073

134.210
53.744
33.101
250.070

157.572
63.547
38.913
290.694

165.348
66.799
40.847
306.293

TOTAL M (t.m)

46.50

338.02

471.12

550.73

579.29

Width of web (mm)


Effective width of
girder(mm)

450

250

250

250

250

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

Unfactored moment
DL (t.m)
SIDL-except surfacing (t.m)
SIDL- surfacing (t.m)

LL (t.m)
Load factors
DL
SIDL-except surfacing
SIDL- surfacing

LL
Factored moment
DL (t.m)
SIDL-except surfacing (t.m)
SIDL- surfacing (t.m)

Depth of slab (Df) (mm)

225.000

225.000

225.000

225.000

225.000

Depth of NA (mm)

72.885

72.885

72.885

105.278

113.377

<= Df

<= Df

<= Df

<= Df

<= Df

170.69

460.21

543.31

587.43

602.46

1728.56
Ok

1728.56
Ok

1728.56
Ok

1697.92
Ok

1697.57
Ok

72.885
795.138
Ok

72.885
795.138
Ok

72.885
795.138
Ok

105.278
781.043
Ok

113.377
780.882
Ok

46.50

338.02

471.12

550.73

579.29

4768.72
Ok

4768.72
Ok

4768.72
Ok

4601.16
Ok

4599.26
Ok

Ast (mm2)*

619.649

4547.499

6366.361

7601.997

8005.995

2
Ast (min) (mm )**

1213.449

674.138

674.138

662.189

662.052

Ast (max) (mm )**

36467.500

31125.000

31125.000

31125.000

31125.000

Ast, req (mm2)

1213.449

4547.499

6366.361

7601.997

8005.995

7238.229
OK

7238.229
OK

7238.229
OK

10455.220
OK

11259.468
OK

Check for depth required


Effective depth required
(mm)
Effective depth provided
(mm)

Status
Check for NA depth
Depth of NA(mm)
Max depth of NA(mm)

Status
Check for Moment
Total Moment (t.m)
Moment of
2
resistance,Mu=Rufckbd (t.m)

Status

Ast provided (mm )


Status

CHECK FOR EFFECTIVE DEPTH

The area of steel, Ast is calculated according to the depth of Neutral Axis from top.
If the depth of neutral axis is less than the thickness of slab,i.e. xu <= Df

If the depth of neutral axis is greater than the thickness of slab,i.e. xu > Df

** For the minimum and maximum area of steel (Ast min and Ast max) respectively please refer clause 16.5.1.1 of
IRC:112-2011

Design of Outer Girder under ULS(Ultimate Limit State)


Section
0
Layers of steel
Layer 1
Layer 2
Layer 3
Layer 4
Layer 5
Layer 6
Layer 7
Layer 8
Ast (mm2)
CG frm bottom (mm)

Deff

EOT

4.86

6.73

8.6

cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

68
5
4
132
0
196
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
4
132
0
196
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
4
132
0
196
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
4
132
0
196
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
4
132
0
196
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
32
32
0
0
0
0

5
68
5
132
4
196
0
260
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11259.468
127.429

Check for Shear


Unfactored Shear
DL (t)

28.891
11.672
5.188
52.625

22.175
9.522
4.223
52.63

22.085
9.522
4.219
47.784

14.073
6.834
2.903
36.352

8.012
4.163
1.714
25.997

1.824
1.628
0.525
13.906

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

LL (t)

39.00285
15.7572
9.079
78.9375

29.93625
12.8547
7.39025
78.945

29.81475
12.8547
7.38325
71.676

18.99855
9.2259
5.08025
54.528

10.8162
5.62005
2.9995
38.9955

2.4624
2.1978
0.91875
20.859

Total Shear (t)

142.78

129.13

121.73

87.83

58.43

26.44

Effective depth of
girder(mm)

1728.56

1728.56

1728.56

1728.56

1728.56

1697.57

Asl (mm2)

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

11259.47

Width of web (mm)

450

265.78

250

250

250

250

1.34

1.34

1.34

1.34

1.34

1.34

1
cp

0.0093
0

0.0158
0

0.0167
0

0.0167
0

0.0167
0

0.02
0

Vrdc (t)*
Total Shear (t)
Check for Shear
reinforcement
min****

38.325
142.78
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

26.962
129.13
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

25.829
121.73
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

25.829
87.83
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

25.829
58.43
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

26.921
26.44
No Shear Reinf
required
0.0009

Z+++
1
cw
(degrees)
cot ; tan
Shear reinforcement
spacing (mm)
Areqd (mm2)++**

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40
12 dia
2 Leg
100
40.500

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40
12 dia 2 Leg
100
23.920

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40
12 dia 2 Leg
100
22.500

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40
12 dia
2 Leg
120
27.000

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40
12 dia 2 Leg
150
33.750

1527.81
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40
12 dia 2 Leg
150
33.750

Asw (mm2)++*

226.195

226.195

226.195

226.195

226.195

226.195

Check for min shear


reinforcement
Max spacing for steel
provided++++
Check for shear
reinforcement spacing

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

558.51

945.62

1005.31

1005.31

1005.31

1005.31

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

Vrd,s (t)++

305.993

305.993

305.993

254.994

203.995

200.338

258.783
258.783
142.780
OK

152.843
152.843
129.130
OK

143.768
143.768
121.730
OK

143.768
143.768
87.830
OK

143.768
143.768
58.430
OK

141.191
141.191
26.440
OK

SIDL-except surfacing (t)


SIDL-surfacing (t)

LL (t)
Load factors
DL
SIDL-except surfacing
SIDL-surfacing

LL
Factored Shear
DL (t)
SIDL-except surfacing (t)
SIDL-surfacing (t)

**
*+

***

Vrd,max
Vrd (t)
Total Shear (t)
CHK FOR SHEAR

The design Shear resistance of the member without Shear reinforcement VRD.c is given by,
*

(Eq. 10.1, cl: 10.3.2, IRC: 112-2011)


subject to minimum of

**

(Eq. 10.2, cl: 10.3.2, IRC: 112-2011)


(Eq. 10.3, cl: 10.3.2, IRC: 112-2011)

*+

For members with vertical shear reinforcement, the shear resistance Vrd is smaller of,
++

***

****

++**

++++

(Eq. 10.20, cl: 10.3.2, IRC: 112-2011)

Areqd=minsbwsin
s max =

Asw
min bw sin

++*

Asw

Cross sectional area of shear reinforcement at a section

pg-90

++**

Areqd

=
=

Min area of reinforcement required


Spacing of shear reinforcement

pg-91

=
=
=
=
=

lever arm to be taken as 0.9 for RC sect & calculated for PSC section
Design strength of web reinforcement used to resist shear (0.8fyk/m)
Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
0.6
for fck<=80Mpa
0.9-fck/250 > 0.5
for fck>80Mpa

s
+++

z
fywd
1

pg-91
pg-86

Design of Inner Girder under ULS(Ultimate Limit State)

Section
4.86

2.99

6.73

8.6

cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom

Layers of steel
Layer 1
32 5
68
Layer 2
32 4
132
Layer 3
Layer 4
Layer 5
Layer 6
Layer 7
Layer 8
Ast (mm2)
7238.229
CG frm bottom (mm)
96.444

32
32

5
4

68
132

32
32

5
4

68
132

32
32

5
4

68
132

32
32
32

5
5
4

68
132
190

7238.229
96.444

7238.229
96.444

7238.229
96.444

11259.468
125.714

1.164
3.900
0.187
36.449

67.742
2.813
12.105
127.901

95.421
6.374
17.060
172.825

112.009
6.633
20.025
200.646

117.508
6.475
21.000
209.950

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

LL (t.m)

1.571
5.265
0.327
54.674

91.452
3.798
21.184
191.852

128.818
8.605
29.855
259.238

151.212
8.955
35.044
300.969

158.636
8.741
36.750
314.925

TOTAL M (t.m)

61.84

308.28

426.52

496.18

519.05

Width of web (mm)


Effective width of
girder(mm)

450

250

250

250

250

3000

3000

3000

3000

3000

Depth of slab (Df) (mm)

225.000

225.000

225.000

225.000

225.000

Depth of NA (mm)

72.885

72.885

72.885

72.885

113.377

<= Df

<= Df

<= Df

<= Df

<= Df

Unfactored moment
DL (t.m)
SIDL-except surfacing (t.m)
SIDL- surfacing (t.m)

LL (t.m)
Load factors
DL
SIDL-except surfacing
SIDL- surfacing

LL
Factored moment
DL (t.m)
SIDL-except surfacing (t.m)
SIDL- surfacing (t.m)

Check for depth required


Effective depth required
(mm)
Effective depth provided
(mm)

Status
Check for NA depth
Depth of NA(mm)
Max depth of NA(mm)

Status
Check for Moment
Total Moment (t.m)

196.84

439.5

516.96

557.57

570.28

1728.56
Ok

1728.56
Ok

1728.56
Ok

1728.56
Ok

1699.29
Ok

72.885
795.138
Ok

72.885
795.138
Ok

72.885
795.138
Ok

72.885
795.138
Ok

113.377
781.673
Ok

61.84

308.28

426.52

496.18

519.05

4768.72
Ok

4768.72
Ok

4768.72
Ok

4768.72
Ok

4608.59
Ok

824.474

4143.315

5755.058

6710.659

7150.754

Moment of
resistance,Mu=Rufckbd
(t.m)

Status
Ast (mm2)*
2

Ast (min) (mm )**

1213.449

674.138

674.138

674.138

662.723

Ast (max) (mm2)**


Ast, req (mm2)

36467.500
1213.449

31125.000
4143.315

31125.000
5755.058

31125.000
6710.659

31125.000
7150.754

Ast provided (mm2)


Status

7238.229
OK

7238.229
OK

7238.229
OK

7238.229
OK

11259.468
OK

CHECK FOR EFFECTIVE DEPTH

The area of steel, Ast is calculated according to the depth of Neutral Axis from top.
If the depth of neutral axis is less than the thickness of slab,i.e. xu <= Df

If the depth of neutral axis is greater than the thickness of slab,i.e. xu > Df

** For the minimum and maximum area of steel (Ast min and Ast max) respectively please refer clause 16.5.1.1
of IRC:112-2011

Design of Inner Girder under ULS(Ultimate Limit State)


Section
0
Layers of steel
Layer 1
Layer 2
Layer 3
Layer 4
Layer 5
Layer 6
Layer 7
Layer 8
Ast (mm2)
CG frm bottom (mm)

Deff

EOT

4.86

6.73

8.6

cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
cg frm
Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom Dia Nos bottom

32
32
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
4
132
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
4
132
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
4
132
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
4
132
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
4
132
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7238.229
96.444

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

5
68
5
132
4
190
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11259.468
125.714

Check for Shear


Unfactored Shear
DL (t)

27.56
2.967
4.526
58.257

21.177
2.018
3.782
29.01

21.08
2.018
3.769
49.619

13.497
1.077
2.375
35.643

7.602
0.355
1.331
27.994

1.694
0.233
0.282
21.236

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

1.35
1.35
1.75
1.50

LL (t)

37.206
4.00545
7.9205
87.3855

28.58895
2.7243
6.6185
43.515

28.458
2.7243
6.59575
74.4285

18.22095
1.45395
4.15625
53.4645

10.2627
0.47925
2.32925
41.991

2.2869
0.31455
0.4935
31.854

Total Shear (t)

136.52

81.45

112.21

77.3

55.06

34.95

Effective depth of
girder(mm)

1728.56

1728.56

1728.56

1728.56

1728.56

1699.29

Asl (mm2)

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

11259.47

Width of web (mm)


K**

450
1.34

265.78
1.34

250
1.34

250
1.34

250
1.34

250
1.34

1*+
cp

0.0093
0

0.0158
0

0.0167
0

0.0167
0

0.0167
0

0.02
0

Vrdc (t)*
Total Shear (t)
Check for Shear
reinforcement
min****

38.325
136.52
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

26.962
81.45
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

25.829
112.21
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

25.829
77.3
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

25.829
55.06
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

26.948
34.95
Shear Reinf
Required
0.0009

Z+++
1
cw
(degrees)
cot ; tan

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40

1555.70
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40

1529.36
0.6
1
21.80 deg 0.3805
2.50
0.40

SIDL-except surfacing (t)


SIDL-surfacing (t)

LL (t)
Load factors
DL
SIDL-except surfacing
SIDL-surfacing

LL
Factored Shear
DL (t)
SIDL-except surfacing (t)
SIDL-surfacing (t)

Shear reinforcement
spacing (mm)
Areqd (mm2)++**

12 dia
2 Leg
100
40.500

12 dia 2 Leg
100
23.920

12 dia 2 Leg
100
22.500

12 dia 2 Leg
120
27.000

12 dia 2 Leg
150
33.750

12 dia 2 Leg
150
33.750

226.195

226.195

226.195

226.195

226.195

226.195

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

558.51

945.62

1005.31

1005.31

1005.31

1005.31

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

305.993
258.783
258.783
136.520
OK

305.993
152.843
152.843
81.450
OK

305.993
143.768
143.768
112.210
OK

254.994
143.768
143.768
77.300
OK

203.995
143.768
143.768
55.060
OK

200.541
141.334
141.334
34.950
OK

2 ++*

Asw (mm )

Check for min shear


reinforcement
Max spacing for steel
provided++++
Check for shear
reinforcement spacing
++

Vrd,s (t)
***
Vrd,max
Vrd (t)
Total Shear (t)
CHK FOR SHEAR

The design Shear resistance of the member without Shear reinforcement VRD.c is given by,
*

(Eq. 10.1, cl: 10.3.2, IRC: 112-2011)


subject to minimum of

**

(Eq. 10.2, cl: 10.3.2, IRC: 112-2011)


(Eq. 10.3, cl: 10.3.2, IRC: 112-2011)

*+

For members with vertical shear reinforcement, the shear resistance Vrd is smaller of,
++

***

****

++**

++++

(Eq. 10.20, cl: 10.3.2, IRC: 112-2011)

Areqd=minsbwsin
s max =

Asw

min bw sin

++*

Asw

Cross sectional area of shear reinforcement at a section

++**

Areqd
s

=
=

Min area of reinforcement required


Spacing of shear reinforcement

+++

z
fywd
1

=
=
=
=
=

lever arm to be taken as 0.9 for RC sect & calculated for PSC section
Design strength of web reinforcement used to resist shear (0.8fyk/m)
Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
0.6
for fck<=80Mpa
0.9-fck/250 > 0.5
for fck>80Mpa

pg-90
pg-91
pg-91
pg-86

8.0 STRESSES DUE TO DIFFERENTIAL SHRINKAGE FOR OUTER GIRDER


i) At 0.5 L
cast-in slab
0.388

1.713
1.325
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.325 m
1.713 m
0.388 m

Area of composite section (A)

1.245 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A /u is
Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

Dry Conditions-50%

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

478.85 mm
4.6
0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-20.85 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

43.16 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7734 m
3
1.4065 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.2917 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
26.96 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
14.82 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-71.48 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
43.16
26.96
-9.49
43.16
14.82
-21.63
43.16
-71.48
-28.32

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

-79.6
1

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

71.48

ii) At 0.391 L
cast-in slab
0.388

1.713
1.325
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.325 m
1.713 m
0.388 m

Area of composite section (A)

2
1.245 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A slab /u is


Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

259.62 mm
Dry Conditions
4.6

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-20.85 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

43.16 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7734 m
3
1.4065 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.2917 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
26.96 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
14.82 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-71.48 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
43.16
26.96
-9.49
43.16
14.82
-21.63
43.16
-71.48
-28.32

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

79.6
1
-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

-71.4
8

iii) At 0.283 L
cast-in slab
0.388

1.713
1.325
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.325 m
1.713 m
0.388 m

Area of composite section (A)

2
1.245 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A slab /u is


Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

259.62 mm
Dry Conditions
4.6

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-20.85 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

43.16 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7734 m
3
1.4065 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.2917 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
26.96 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
14.82 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-71.48 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
43.16
26.96
-9.49
43.16
14.82
-21.63
43.16
-71.48
-28.32

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

79.6
1
-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

71.48

iv) At 0.174 L
cast-in slab
0.388

1.713
1.325
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.325 m
1.713 m
0.388 m

Area of composite section (A)

2
1.245 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A slab /u is


Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

259.62 mm
Dry Conditions
4.6

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-20.85 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

43.16 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7734 m
3
1.4065 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.2917 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
26.96 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
14.82 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-71.48 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
43.16
26.96
-9.49
43.16
14.82
-21.63
43.16
-71.48
-28.32

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

79.6
1
-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

71.48

v) At 0 L
cast-in slab
0.46

1.713
1.253
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.253 m
1.713 m
0.46 m

Area of composite section (A)

2
1.4587 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A slab /u is


Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

259.62 mm
Dry Conditions
4.6

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-24.72 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

36.83 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7888 m
3
1.3005 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.3599 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
31.34 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
19.01 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-68.69 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
36.83
31.34
-11.44
36.83
19.01
-23.77
36.83
-68.69
-31.86

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

79.6
1
-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

71.48

Summary:
Section

Stress at top of slab

0.0L
0.174L
0.283L
0.391L
0.5L

-11.44
-9.49
-9.49
-9.49
-9.49

Stress at top of
girder
-23.77
-21.63
-21.63
-21.63
-21.63

Stress at bottom of
girder
-31.86
-28.32
-28.32
-28.32
-28.32

STRESSES DUE TO DIFFERENTIAL SHRINKAGE FOR INNER GIRDER


i) At 0.5 L
cast-in slab
0.388

1.713
1.325
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.325 m
1.713 m
0.388 m

Area of composite section (A)

1.245 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A /u is
Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

Dry Conditions-50%

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

478.85 mm
4.6
0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-20.85 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

43.16 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7734 m
3
1.4065 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.2917 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
26.96 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
14.82 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-71.48 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
43.16
26.96
-9.49
43.16
14.82
-21.63
43.16
-71.48
-28.32

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

-79.6
1

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

71.48

ii) At 0.391 L
cast-in slab
0.388

1.713
1.325
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.325 m
1.713 m
0.388 m

Area of composite section (A)

2
1.245 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A slab /u is


Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

259.62 mm
Dry Conditions
4.6

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-20.85 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

43.16 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7734 m
3
1.4065 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.2917 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
26.96 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
14.82 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-71.48 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
43.16
26.96
-9.49
43.16
14.82
-21.63
43.16
-71.48
-28.32

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

79.6
1
-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

71.48

iii) At 0.283 L
cast-in slab
0.388

1.713
1.325
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.325 m
1.713 m
0.388 m

Area of composite section (A)

2
1.245 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A slab /u is


Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

259.62 mm
Dry Conditions
4.6

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-20.85 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

43.16 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7734 m
3
1.4065 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.2917 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
26.96 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
14.82 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-71.48 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
43.16
26.96
-9.49
43.16
14.82
-21.63
43.16
-71.48
-28.32

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

79.6
1
-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

71.48

iv) At 0.174 L
cast-in slab
0.388

1.713
1.325
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.325 m
1.713 m
0.388 m

Area of composite section (A)

2
1.245 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A slab /u is


Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

259.62 mm
Dry Conditions
4.6

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-20.85 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

43.16 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7734 m
3
1.4065 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.2917 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
26.96 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
14.82 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-71.48 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
43.16
26.96
-9.49
43.16
14.82
-21.63
43.16
-71.48
-28.32

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

79.6
1
-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

71.48

v) At 0 L
cast-in slab
0.46

1.713
1.253
girder

As per cl. 606.2, IRC:22-1986, composite action shall be considered to be effective only after the in-situ
concrete has attained atleast 75% of its cube strength.
Strain at
Strain at

10 days in slab
28 days in girder

=
=

0.0003
0.00019

Differential shrinkage strain ( e DS )

-0.00011

C.G. of Composite Section (from bottom )


C.G. of in-situ section (from bottom )
Lever arm for differential shrinkage moment (e DS )

=
=
=

1.253 m
1.713 m
0.46 m

Area of composite section (A)

2
1.4587 m

Area of concrete in slab (A slab )

2
0.675 m

Perimeter of slab in contact with atmosphere (u is )

5.2 m

Notional size = 2A slab /u is


Atmospheric conditions depending on relative humidity
Final creep co-efficient ( F )

=
=
=

259.62 mm
Dry Conditions
4.6

Creep reduction factor ( a )

Modulus of elasticity of concrete (E c )

0.215
2
3366000 t/m

F DS =

Restraining force ,

e DS .E c .A slab . a

Moment M DS = F DS .e DS

-53.73 t

-24.72 tm

-79.61 t/m 2

36.83 t/m

Internal stresses:
Restraining Stresses

e DS .E c . a

Axial Release:
Axial Stress

Restraining Force/Area

Section moduli:
Section modulus of top of slab, Z tslab

Section modulus of bottom of slab, Z bslab

3
0.7888 m
3
1.3005 m

Section modulus of bottom of beam,

3
0.3599 m

Zbbeam

Moment Release:
At top of slab

M DS /Z tslab

2
31.34 t/m

At bottom of slab

M DS /Z bslab

2
19.01 t/m

At bottom of beam

M DS /Z bbeam

2
-68.69 t/m

Location

Depth

Top of slab
Bottom of slab
Bottom of beam

Restrained
stresses

0
0.225
1.825

-79.61
-79.61
0

Axial
Moment Shrinkage
Stresses
Release
Release
36.83
31.34
-11.44
36.83
19.01
-23.77
36.83
-68.69
-31.86

Moment Release

Axial Release

Restrained Stress

79.6
1
-79.6
1

26.96

43.1
6 43.1
6

14.82

43.1
6

Shrinkage Stress

-9.49

0
57.98

-21.63

-28.32

71.48

Summary:
Section

Stress at top of slab

0.0L
0.174L
0.283L
0.391L
0.5L

-11.44
-9.49
-9.49
-9.49
-9.49

Stress at top of
girder
-23.77
-21.63
-21.63
-21.63
-21.63

Stress at bottom of
girder
-31.86
-28.32
-28.32
-28.32
-28.32

9.0 Temperature Stresses


A) Sample Calculation for thermal stresses (temperature rise) at section 0.5L for outer girder
Temperature stress at fibre due to rise in temperature is,
- F - M * y + t E
A
I
Where,
= E ( An tn )
F = ( tn E An )
M = ( tn E An yn ) = E ( An tn yn )
n = No. of zones
An = Area of nth zone
tn = Mean temperature of nth zone
yn = C.G. of nth zone from N.A.
A = Area of Cross-section
y = Distance of considered section to N.A.
I = Moment of Inertia about C.G. of the Section
t = Temperature at considered section
Co-efficient of thermal expansion,

For M
40 GRADE,
fck
Elastic Modulus, E = 5000 * SQRT(fck)

=
=

o
0.0000117 per C

Cl.218.4. IRC:6-2000

40 N/mm2
t/m2
3366000
17.8

0.225

0.15
0.8

o
4 C

0.15

b
0.1

0.25

0.275
c
N

X
0.25

1.825
d
1.275
0.1

0.1
e
0.25

0.15

2.1
0.45

Positive
Temperature
Differenece

Fig.10. IRC:6-2000

Moment of Inertia @ X-X :


No.

Description

y from top

Ay

Ay x y

Icg

Deck Slab

3.000

0.225

0.675

0.113

0.076

0.009

0.002848

Top Flange

0.800

0.150

0.120

0.300

0.036

0.011

0.000225
0.000021

Web
Bottom Flange

0.250

0.100

0.025

0.425

0.011

0.005

0.275

0.100

0.028

0.408

0.011

0.005

0.000015

0.250

1.000

0.250

0.975

0.244

0.238

0.020833

0.250

0.100

0.025

1.525

0.038

0.058

0.000021

0.100

0.100

0.010

1.542

0.015

0.024

0.000006

0.450

0.250

0.113

1.700

0.191

0.325

0.000586

0.622

0.673

Total

1.245

Y =

AY

Ixx =

Icg

0.50 m

AY2

Considering following zones:

zone

Bot.of zone
from top (m)

Ah2

0.386604

0.50

Ycg from bott

1.33

m4

Zone a - Deck Slab


Zone b - Top flange
Zone c -web above centroid
Zone d - web below centroid
Zone e - Bottom flange

c.g of zone
from top (m)

t (for zone)

(oC)

(m2)

c.g.of zone
from N.A.
y (m)

At

Aty

1.850

0.225

0.113

7.075

0.675

0.387

4.776

0.475

0.335

0.905

0.173

0.164

0.156

0.026

0.500

0.487

0.000

0.006

0.012

0.000

0.000

1.475

1.475

0.000

0.244

-0.975

0.000

0.000

1.825

1.660

0.000

0.148

-1.160

0.000

0.000

4.932

1.876

total

1.245

F = E
A

( An tn )

M = E

Stress @
section from
top (m)

F/A

An

0.024554

Ycg from top

tn

yn

1.17E-05 *

3366000 *
1.245

4.932 =

) =

1.17E-05 *

3366000 *

1.876 =

Dist. From
N.A.
y
(m)

t/m2

My/I

tE

t/m2

(oC)

t/m2

2
156.000 t/m

73.865

tm

Temp. Stress
= (- F / A - My/I + t E)
(t/m2)

0.000

156.000

0.500

95.504

17.800

701.003

449.499

(Comp.)

0.225

156.000

0.275

52.516

2.450

96.486

-112.029

(Tensile)

0.475

156.000

0.025

4.751

0.000

0.000

-160.751

(Tensile)

0.500

156.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-156.000

(Tensile)

1.475

156.000

-0.975

-186.309

0.000

0.000

30.309

(Comp.)

1.825

156.000

-1.325

-253.180

2.100

82.703

179.883

(Comp.)

449.499
-112.029
-160.751

-156.000

30.309

179.883

Temperature Stress and its Distribution (t/m2)

B) Sample Calculation for thermal stresses (temperature fall) at section 0.5L for outer girder
Temperature stress at fibre due to rise in temperature is,
- F - M * y + t E
A
I
Where,
F = ( tn E An )
= E ( An tn )
M = ( tn E An yn ) = E ( An tn yn )
n = No. of zones
An = Area of nth zone
tn = Mean temperature of nth zone
yn = C.G. of nth zone from N.A.
A = Area of Cross-section
y = Distance of considered section to N.A.
I = Moment of Inertia about C.G. of the Section
t = Temperature at considered section
Co-efficient of thermal expansion,

o
1.17E-05 per C

Cl.218.4. IRC:6-2000

For M 40 GRADE
fck

40

N/mm2

Elastic Modulus, E = 5000 * SQRT(fck)

Considering following zones:

3366000

t/m2

Cl.10.2. IRC:18-2000

Zone a - Deck Slab


Zone b - Top flange
Zone c -web above centroid
Zone d - web below centroid
Zone e - Bottom flange
-10.6

0.225

0.25
0.8

-0.7

0.15

b
0.1

0.25

0.275
c

0.25
1.825
d
0.825
0.1

0.1

0.25
o
-0.8 C

e
0.25

0.25
o
-6.6 C

0.45

Reverse
Temperature
Differenece

Fig.10. IRC:6-2000

Moment of Inertia @ X-X :


No.

Description

y from top

Ay

Ay x y

Icg

Deck Slab-a

3.000

0.225

0.675

0.113

0.076

0.009

0.002848

Top Fl.-b

0.800

0.150

0.120

0.300

0.036

0.011

0.000225

0.250

0.100

0.025

0.425

0.011

0.005

0.000021

0.275

0.100

0.028

0.408

0.011

0.005

0.000015

web-c&d

0.250

1.000

0.250

0.975

0.244

0.238

0.020833

Bottom Fl.-e

0.250

0.100

0.025

1.525

0.038

0.058

0.000021

0.100

0.100

0.010

1.542

0.015

0.024

0.000006

0.450

0.250

0.113

1.700

0.191

0.325

0.000586

0.622

0.673

Total
Y

1.245
=

Ixx =

AY

Icg

0.4999 m

AY2

Ah2

0.024554

Ycg from top

0.4999

Ycg from bott

1.3251

m4

0.386604

Centroid of zone a :
y from top

AY

0.076

0.113

0.335

0.675

Centroid of zone b :
y from top

AY

Centroid of zone c :
No.
b

0.058
0.173

y from top

Ay

(m)

(m)

(m2)

(m)

(m2)

for zone c:

0.250

0.025

0.006

0.487

0.003

y from top

Total

0.006

Centroid of zone d :
No.
b

AY

y from top

Ay

(m)

(m2)

(m)

(m2)

for zone d:

0.250

0.975

0.244

0.987

0.241

y from top

0.244

(m)

Total

0.003

AY

0.241

Centroid of zone e :
y from top

AY

zone

Bot.of zone
from top (m)

0.245

1.660

0.148

c.g of zone
from top (m)

t (for zone)

(oC)

(m2)

c.g.of zone
from N.A.
y (m)

At

Aty

0.225

0.113

-6.145

0.675

0.387

-4.148

-1.607

0.475

0.335

-0.239

0.173

0.164

-0.041

-0.007

0.500

0.487

-0.665

0.006

0.012

-0.004

0.000

1.475

0.987

0.000

0.244

-0.488

0.000

0.000

1.825

1.660

-2.763

0.148

-1.160

-0.408

0.473

-4.601

-1.141

total

F = E
A

1.245

( An tn )

1.17E-05 *

3366000 * -4.601 =
1.245

0.003

0.487

0.987

0.006

2
-145.533 t/m

0.241
0.244

M = E
Stress @
section from
top (m)

( A n t n yn ) =
Dist. From
N.A.
y
(m)

F/A
t/m2

1.17E-05 *

My/I

3366000 * -1.141 =
t

tE

t/m2

(oC)

t/m2

-44.934 tm

Temp. Stress
= (- F / A - My/I + t E)
(t/m2)

0.000

-145.533

0.500

-58.098

-10.600

-417.451

-213.821

(Tensile)

0.225

-145.533

0.275

-31.947

-1.690

-66.556

110.924

(Comp.)

0.475

-145.533

0.025

-2.890

-0.630

-24.811

123.612

(Comp.)

0.500

-145.533

0.000

0.000

-0.700

-27.553

117.980

(Comp.)

1.475

-145.533

-0.975

113.337

-0.320

-12.602

19.594

(Comp.)

1.825

-145.533

-1.325

154.016

-6.600

-259.923

-268.406

(Tensile)

-213.821
123.612
117.980

19.594

-268.406

0.000

Temperature Stress and its Distribution (t/m2)

C) Sample Calculation for thermal stresses (temperature rise) at section 0.5L for inner girder
Temperature stress at fibre due to rise in temperature is,
- F - M * y + t E
A
I
Where,
F = ( tn E A n )
= E ( A n tn )
M = ( tn E An yn ) = E ( An tn yn )
n = No. of zones
An = Area of nth zone
tn = Mean temperature of nth zone
yn = C.G. of nth zone from N.A.
A = Area of Cross-section
y = Distance of considered section to N.A.
I = Moment of Inertia about C.G. of the Section
t = Temperature at considered section
Co-efficient of thermal expansion,

For M

40 GRADE,

fck

Elastic Modulus, E = 5000 * SQRT(fck)

o
0.0000117 per C

Cl.218.4. IRC:6-2000

40 N/mm2
t/m2
3366000
17.8

0.225

0.15
0.8

o
4 C

0.15

b
0.1

0.25

0.275
c
N

X
0.25

1.825
d
1.275
0.1

0.1
e
0.25

0.15

2.1
0.45

Positive
Temperature
Differenece

Fig.10. IRC:6-2000

Moment of Inertia @ X-X :


No.

y from top

Deck Slab

3.000

0.225

0.675

Top Flange

0.800

0.150

0.120

0.250

0.100

0.275

0.100

Web

0.250

Bottom Flange

0.250

2
1

Description

Ay

Ay x y

0.113

0.076

0.009

0.002848

0.300

0.036

0.011

0.000225

0.025

0.425

0.011

0.005

0.000021

0.028

0.408

0.011

0.005

0.000015

1.000

0.250

0.975

0.244

0.238

0.020833

0.100

0.025

1.525

0.038

0.058

0.000021

0.100

0.100

0.010

1.542

0.015

0.024

0.000006

0.450

0.250

0.113

1.700

0.191

0.325

0.000586

0.622

0.673

Total

1.245

Y =

Ixx =

AY

Icg

0.50 m

AY

Considering following zones:

zone

Bot.of zone
from top (m)

Ah

0.50

Ycg from bott

1.33

0.386604

Zone a - Deck Slab


Zone b - Top flange
Zone c -web above centroid
Zone d - web below centroid
Zone e - Bottom flange

c.g of zone
from top (m)

t (for zone)

(oC)

(m2)

c.g.of zone
from N.A.
y (m)

At

Aty

1.850

0.225

0.113

7.075

0.675

0.387

4.776

0.475

0.335

0.905

0.173

0.164

0.156

0.026

0.500

0.487

0.000

0.006

0.012

0.000

0.000

1.475

1.475

0.000

0.244

-0.975

0.000

0.000

1.825

1.660

0.000

0.148

-1.160

0.000

0.000

4.932

1.876

total

1.245

Stress @
section from
top (m)

A n tn )

An

F/A

0.024554

Ycg from top

F = E
A
M = E

Icg

tn

yn

1.17E-05 *

) =

1.17E-05 *

Dist. From N.A.


y (m)

t/m2

My/I

3366000 *
1.245
3366000 *
t

tE

t/m2

(oC)

t/m2

4.932 =
1.876 =

2
156.000 t/m

73.865

tm

Temp. Stress
= (- F / A - My/I + t E)
(t/m2)

0.000

156.000

0.500

95.504

17.800

701.003

449.499

(Comp.)

0.225

156.000

0.275

52.516

2.450

96.486

-112.029

(Tensile)

0.475

156.000

0.025

4.751

0.000

0.000

-160.751

(Tensile)

0.500

156.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-156.000

(Tensile)

1.475

156.000

-0.975

-186.309

0.000

0.000

30.309

(Comp.)

1.825

156.000

-1.325

-253.180

2.100

82.703

179.883

(Comp.)

449.499
-112.029
-160.751

-156.000

30.309

179.883

Temperature Stress and its Distribution (t/m2)

D) Sample Calculation for thermal stresses (temperature fall) at section 0.5L for inner girder
Temperature stress at fibre due to rise in temperature is,
- F - M * y + t E
A
I
Where,
F = ( tn E An )
= E ( An tn )
M = ( tn E An yn ) = E ( An tn yn )
n = No. of zones
An = Area of nth zone
tn = Mean temperature of nth zone
yn = C.G. of nth zone from N.A.
A = Area of Cross-section
y = Distance of considered section to N.A.
I = Moment of Inertia about C.G. of the Section
t = Temperature at considered section
Co-efficient of thermal expansion,

o
1.17E-05 per C

Cl.218.4. IRC:6-2000

For M 40 GRADE
fck

40

N/mm2

Elastic Modulus, E = 5000 * SQRT(fck)

Considering following zones:

31622.78

N/mm2

t/m2

3366000

Cl.10.2. IRC:18-2000

Zone a - Deck Slab


Zone b - Top flange
Zone c -web above centroid
Zone d - web below centroid
Zone e - Bottom flange
-10.6

0.225

0.25
0.8

-0.7

0.15

b
0.1

0.25

0.275
c

0.25
1.825
d
0.825
0.1

0.1

0.25
o
-0.8 C

e
0.25

0.25
o
-6.6 C

0.45

Reverse
Temperature
Differenece

Fig.10. IRC:6-2000

Moment of Inertia @ X-X :


No.

Description

y from top

Ay

Ay x y

Icg

Deck Slab-a

3.000

0.225

0.675

0.113

0.076

0.009

0.002848

Top Fl.-b

0.800

0.150

0.120

0.300

0.036

0.011

0.000225

0.250

0.100

0.025

0.425

0.011

0.005

0.000021

0.275

0.100

0.028

0.408

0.011

0.005

0.000015

web-c&d

0.250

1.000

0.250

0.975

0.244

0.238

0.020833

Bottom Fl.-e

0.250

0.100

0.025

1.525

0.038

0.058

0.000021

0.100

0.100

0.010

1.542

0.015

0.024

0.000006

0.450

0.250

0.113

1.700

0.191

0.325

0.000586

0.622

0.673

0.024554

Total
Y

1.245
=

Ixx =

AY

Icg

0.4999 m

AY2

Ah2

Ycg from top

0.4999

Ycg from bott

1.3251

m4

0.386604

Centroid of zone a :
y from top

AY

0.076

0.113

0.335

0.675

Centroid of zone b :
y from top

AY

Centroid of zone c :
No.
b

0.058
0.173

y from top

Ay

(m)

(m)

(m2)

(m)

2
(m )

for zone c:

0.250

0.025

0.006

0.487

0.003

y from top

Total

0.006

Centroid of zone d :
No.
b

y from top

Ay

(m)

(m2)

(m)

(m2)

for zone d:

0.250

0.975

0.244

0.987

0.241

y from top

0.244

AY

0.241

Centroid of zone e :
y from top

AY

zone

0.245

1.660

0.148

t (for zone)

Aty

0.387

-4.148

-1.607

0.164

-0.041

-0.007

0.012

-0.004

0.000

0.244

-0.488

0.000

0.000

0.148

-1.160

-0.408

0.473

-4.601

-1.141

c.g of zone
from top (m)

( C)

(m )

0.225

0.113

-6.145

0.675

0.475

0.335

-0.239

0.173

0.500

0.487

-0.665

0.006

1.475

0.987

0.000

1.825

1.660

-2.763

total

c.g.of zone
from N.A.
y (m)

At

Bot.of zone
from top (m)

1.245

(m)

Total

AY

0.003

0.003

0.487

0.987

0.006

0.241
0.244

F = E
A

( An tn )

M = E

Stress @
section from
top (m)

An

tn

yn

1.17E-05 *

3366000 * -4.601 =
1.245

) =

1.17E-05 *

3366000 * -1.141 =

Dist. From
N.A.
y
(m)

F/A
t/m2

My/I

tE

2
-145.533 t/m

-44.934 tm

Temp. Stress
= (- F / A - My/I + t E)

t/m

( C)

t/m

(t/m )

0.000

-145.533

0.500

-58.098

-10.600

-417.451

-213.821

0.225

-145.533

0.275

-31.947

-1.690

-66.556

110.924

(Comp.)

0.475

-145.533

0.025

-2.890

-0.630

-24.811

123.612

(Comp.)

0.500

-145.533

0.000

0.000

-0.700

-27.553

117.980

(Comp.)

1.475

-145.533

-0.975

113.337

-0.320

-12.602

19.594

(Comp.)

1.825

-145.533

-1.325

154.016

-6.600

-259.923

-268.406

(Tensile)

-213.821
123.612
117.980

19.594

-268.406

0.000

Temperature Stress and its Distribution (t/m2)

(Tensile)

Summary of temperature stresses:


Depth of girder + slab

1.825 m

Outer Girder-temperature rise


S.No.

Section

Stress at top of slab (t/m2)

Stress at top of girder (t/m2)

1
2
3
4
5

0.5L
0.391L
0.283L
0.74L
0.0L

449.5
449.5
449.5
449.5
457.19

-112.03
-112.03
-112.03
-112.03
-104.3

Stress at level of extreme


reinforcement (t/m )

Depth of extreme
layer of steel (m)

150.82
150.82
150.82
150.82
152.35

1.757
1.757
1.757
1.757
1.757

Stress at level of extreme


2
reinforcement (t/m )

Depth of extreme
layer of steel (m)

-212.45
-212.45
-212.45
-212.45
-214.51

1.757
1.757
1.757
1.757
1.757

Stress at level of extreme


reinforcement (t/m2)

Depth of extreme
layer of steel (m)

150.82
150.82
150.82
150.82
152.35

1.757
1.757
1.757
1.757
1.757

Stress at level of extreme


reinforcement (t/m2)

Depth of extreme
layer of steel (m)

-212.45
-212.45
-212.45
-212.45
-214.51

1.757
1.757
1.757
1.757
1.757

Outer Girder-temperature fall


2

S.No.

Section

Stress at top of slab (t/m )

Stress at top of girder (t/m )

1
2
3
4
5

0.5L
0.391L
0.283L
0.74L
0.0L

-213.82
-213.82
-213.82
-213.82
-221.21

110.92
110.92
110.92
110.92
101.31

Inner Girder-temperature rise


S.No.

Section

Stress at top of slab (t/m2)

Stress at top of girder (t/m2)

1
2
3
4
5

0.5L
0.391L
0.283L
0.74L
0.0L

449.5
449.5
449.5
449.5
457.19

-112.03
-112.03
-112.03
-112.03
-104.3

Inner Girder-temperature fall


S.No.

Section

Stress at top of slab (t/m2)

Stress at top of girder (t/m2)

1
2
3
4
5

0.5L
0.391L
0.283L
0.74L
0.0L

-213.82
-213.82
-213.82
-213.82
-221.21

110.92
110.92
110.92
110.92
101.31

10.0 Serviceability Limit State


Design Methodology:
The following check are done as per IRC:112-2011
For stress check:
- Due to long term creep and shrinkage effect, the effective concrete modulus is reduced for sustained
load.
- Maximum stress at outermost compression fibre and outermost tension fibre were limited to
permissible stresses mentioned in IRC:112-2011
For crack width check:
- The crack width in concrete has been checked in accordance with Cl:12.3.4 of IRC:112-2011.
Maximum crack width is limited to 0.3mm as per table 12.1 of IRC:112-2011.
For deflection check:
- For calculation of deflection due to sustained loads, the cracked moment of inertia has been
considered as 70% of the uncracked moment of inertia as per Cl:12.4.2(1) of IRC:112
- Due to long term creep and shrinkage effect, the effective concrete modulus is reduced for sustained
load as per Cl:12.4.2(2) of IRC:112-2011.
The load factors for serviceablity limit state for rare combination are:
Dead Load
=
1
Super-imposed dead load
=
1
Live load
=
1

Based on the design methodology, Serviceability Limit State checks have been done and presented below.

11.0 Stress Check at 0.5L for outer girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder

M 40
17.200 m
0.250 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
52.828
11.518
74.884
0
0

Ast
in m2
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113

Construction Live load


Loss in wt of Deck slab due to
drying
-0.46072 0.0113

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.473
1.473
1.473
1.473
1.473

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

n
in m
0.6811
0.6813
0.6811
0.8
0.8

fc1
*+
Fbg**+
267 -4373.50
58 -953.60
379 -6199.42
0
0.00
0
0.00

6
0.80
1.473 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.6778 -2.3 38.09
De-shuttering
-11.518 0.0113
0.80
1.473 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.6813 -58 953.60
7
8
SIDL
49.481 0.0113
3
1.698 0.225 12.12 0.25 0.3756 66 -3064.30
9
Live Load
204.195 0.0113
3
1.698 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2578 333 -12248.84
10
50% Live Load
102.0975 0.0113
3
1.698 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2578 166 -6124.40
11
Differential Shrinkage
-28.32
Temp Rise
150.82
12
13
Temp Fall
-212.45
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

Stress
Ftg*++
267.49
58.34
379.15
0.00
0.00
-2.31
-45.50
26.27
42.35
21.17
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Fts***

-58.34
65.52
332.55
166.26
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm2
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n
Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n
Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+
*++
***

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =


Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fbg
Ftg
Fts

=
=

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)


fc1 x (n - ds) / n
(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description

Gider Self weight


Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-4373.50
-953.60
-6199.42
0.00
0.00
38.09

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

953.60
-3064.30
-12248.84
-6124.40
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
267.49
325.83
704.98
704.98
704.98
702.67

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

657.18
683.45
725.80
746.97
725.34
613.31
724.23

-58.34
65.52
332.55
166.26
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

-58.34
7.18
339.73
505.99
496.50
946.00
732.18

Cumulative
Top of Girder

TFbg
-4373.50
-5327.09
-11526.51
-11526.51
-11526.51
-11488.42

Top of
Girder
Ftg
267.49
58.34
379.15
0.00
0.00
-2.31

-10534.83
-13599.13
-25847.97
-31972.37
-32000.69
-31849.87
-32062.32

-45.50
26.27
42.35
21.17
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible stress Actual stress in


in steel
steel

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Actual stress in
concrete

Status

-40800.00

-11526.51

1958.40

704.98

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-13599.13

1958.40

683.45

1958.40

7.18

OK

-40800.00

-25847.97

1958.40

725.80

1958.40

339.73

OK

-40800.00

-25876.29

1958.40

704.17

1958.40

330.24

OK

-40800.00

-25725.47

1958.40

592.14

1958.40

779.74

OK

-40800.00

-26088.74

1958.40

815.09

1958.40

116.42

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Stress Check at 0.391L for outer girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live load
Loss in wt of Deck slab due
to drying

M 40
17.200 m
0.250 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
50.339
10.973
71.37
0
0

Ast
2
in m
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

n
in m
0.5714
0.5715
0.5714
0.8
0.8

fc1
*+
Fbg**+
268 -5844.44
58 -1274.02
380 -8286.14
0
0.00
0
0.00

6
-0.43892 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.5668 -2.3
7
De-shuttering
-10.973 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.5715 -58
SIDL
47.072 0.0072
3.00
1.729 0.225 12.12 0.25 0.2975 68
8
9
Live Load
193.796 0.0072
3.00
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111 371
50% Live Load
96.898 0.0072
3.00
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111 185
10
11
Differential Shrinkage
12
Temp Rise
13
Temp Fall
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

50.88
1274.02
-4260.24
-17172.61
-8586.33
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

Stress
Ftg*++
267.91
58.41
379.82
0.00
0.00
-2.30
-43.08
16.69
-24.45
-12.21
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Fts***

-58.41
68.47
370.60
185.32
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm2
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n
Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n
Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+

Fbg

*++

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =

Ftg

fc1 x (n - ds) / n

***

Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fts

(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description

Gider Self weight


Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-5844.44
-1274.02
-8286.14
0.00
0.00
50.88

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

1274.02
-4260.24
-17172.61
-8586.33
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

Cumulative
Top of Girder

TFbg
-5844.44
-7118.46
-15404.60
-15404.60
-15404.60
-15353.72

Top of
Girder
Ftg
267.91
58.41
379.82
0.00
0.00
-2.30

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
267.91
326.32
706.14
706.14
706.14
703.84

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-14079.70
-18339.94
-35512.55
-44098.88
-44127.20
-43976.38
-44188.83

-43.08
16.69
-24.45
-12.21
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

660.76
677.45
653.00
640.78
619.15
507.12
618.04

-58.41
68.47
370.60
185.32
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

-58.41
10.06
380.66
565.98
556.49
1005.99
792.17

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Permissible
stress in steel

Actual stress in
steel

-40800.00

-15404.60

1958.40

706.14

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-18339.94

1958.40

677.45

1958.40

10.06

OK

-40800.00

-35512.55

1958.40

653.00

1958.40

380.66

OK

-40800.00

-35540.87

1958.40

631.37

1958.40

371.17

OK

-40800.00

-35390.05

1958.40

519.34

1958.40

820.67

OK

-40800.00

-35753.32

1958.40

742.29

1958.40

157.35

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Actual stress in
concrete

Status

Stress Check at 0.283L for outer girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live load
Loss in wt of Deck slab due
to drying

M 40
17.200 m
0.250 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
42.85
9.332
60.805
0
0

Ast
in m2
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

n
fc1
in m *+
Fbg**+
0.5714 228 -4974.84
0.5715
50 -1083.48
0.5715 324 -7059.62
0.8
0
0.00
0.8
0
0.00

6
-0.37328 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.567
-2 43.27
7
De-shuttering
-9.332 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.5715 -50 1083.48
8
58 -3602.97
SIDL
39.81 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 12.12 0.25 0.2975
9
Live Load
166.713 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111 319 -14772.75
50% Live Load
83.3565 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111 159 -7386.39
10
11
Differential Shrinkage
-28.32
12
Temp Rise
150.82
13
Temp Fall
-212.45
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

Stress
Ftg*++
228.00
49.67
323.63
0.00
0.00
-1.96
-36.63
14.11
-21.03
-10.51
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Fts***

-49.67
57.90
318.82
159.42
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n

Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+

Fbg

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)

*++

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =

Ftg

fc1 x (n - ds) / n

***

Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fts

(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-4974.84
-1083.48
-7059.62
0.00
0.00
43.27

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

TFbg
-4974.84
-6058.31
-13117.93
-13117.93
-13117.93
-13074.66

Top of
Girder
Ftg
228.00
49.67
323.63
0.00
0.00
-1.96

1083.48
-3602.97
-14772.75
-7386.39
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

-11991.18
-15594.15
-30366.91
-37753.29
-37781.61
-37630.79
-37843.24

-36.63
14.11
-21.03
-10.51
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Cumulative
Top of
Girder

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
228.00
277.67
601.31
601.31
601.31
599.35

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

562.71
576.82
555.79
545.28
523.65
411.62
522.54

-49.67
57.90
318.82
159.42
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

-49.67
8.23
327.05
486.47
476.98
926.48
712.66

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Permissible
stress in steel

Actual stress in
steel

-40800.00

-13117.93

1958.40

601.31

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-15594.15

1958.40

576.82

1958.40

8.23

OK

-40800.00

-30366.91

1958.40

555.79

1958.40

327.05

OK

-40800.00

-30395.23

1958.40

534.16

1958.40

317.56

OK

-40800.00

-30244.41

1958.40

422.13

1958.40

767.06

OK

-40800.00

-30607.68

1958.40

645.08

1958.40

103.74

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Actual stress in
concrete

Status

Stress Check at 0.174L for outer girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live load
Loss in wt of Deck slab due
to drying

M 40
17.200 m
0.250 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
30.36
6.589
43.162
0
0

Ast
in m2
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

n
fc1
in m *+
Fbg**+
0.5714 162 -3524.79
0.5717
35 -765.05
0.5714 230 -5011.16
0.8
0
0.00
0.8
0
0.00

6
-0.26356 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.572
7
De-shuttering
-6.589 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.5717
8
SIDL
27.645 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 12.12 0.25 0.2975
9
Live Load
121.382 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111
50% Live Load
60.691 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111
10
11
Differential Shrinkage
12
Temp Rise
13
Temp Fall
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

-1.4 30.61
-35 765.05
40 -2502.01
232 -10755.89
116 -5377.94
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

Stress
Ftg*++
161.55
35.09
229.71
0.00
0.00
-1.41
-25.88
9.80
-15.31
-7.66
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Fts***

-35.09
40.21
232.13
116.06
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n

Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+

Fbg

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)

*++

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =

Ftg

fc1 x (n - ds) / n

***

Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fts

(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-3524.79
-765.05
-5011.16
0.00
0.00
30.61

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

TFbg
-3524.79
-4289.84
-9301.00
-9301.00
-9301.00
-9270.40

Top of
Girder
Ftg
161.55
35.09
229.71
0.00
0.00
-1.41

765.05
-2502.01
-10755.89
-5377.94
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

-8505.34
-11007.35
-21763.24
-27141.18
-27169.50
-27018.68
-27231.13

-25.88
9.80
-15.31
-7.66
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Cumulative
Top of
Girder

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
161.55
196.65
426.35
426.35
426.35
424.95

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

399.06
408.87
393.56
385.90
364.27
252.24
363.16

-35.09
40.21
232.13
116.06
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

-35.09
5.12
237.25
353.32
343.83
793.33
579.51

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Permissible
stress in steel

Actual stress in
steel

-40800.00

-9301.00

1958.40

426.35

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-11007.35

1958.40

408.87

1958.40

5.12

OK

-40800.00

-21763.24

1958.40

393.56

1958.40

237.25

OK

-40800.00

-21791.56

1958.40

371.93

1958.40

227.76

OK

-40800.00

-21640.74

1958.40

259.90

1958.40

677.26

OK

-40800.00

-22004.01

1958.40

482.85

1958.40

13.94

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Actual stress in
concrete

Status

Stress Check at 0.0L for outer girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live load
Loss in wt of Deck slab due
to drying

M 40
17.200 m
0.450 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
0.548
0.203
0.848
0
0

Ast
in m2
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45

n
fc1
in m *+
0.525
2.5
0.5228 0.9
0.5249 3.9
0.8
0
0.8
0

Fbg**+
-62.60
-23.17
-96.87
0.00
0.00

6
-0.00812 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.45 0.672 -0.1
0.98
7
De-shuttering
-0.203 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.45 0.5228 -0.9 23.17
8
4.7 -295.18
SIDL
3.262 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 12.12 0.45 0.297
9
Live Load
26.697 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.45 0.2111
51 -2365.67
50% Live Load
13.3485 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.45 0.211
26 -1182.82
10
11
Differential Shrinkage
-31.86
12
Temp Rise
152.35
13
Temp Fall
-214.51
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

Stress
Ftg*++
2.52
0.93
3.90
0.00
0.00
-0.06
-0.66
1.15
-3.37
-1.69
-23.77
-104.30
101.31

Fts***

-0.93
4.73
51.05
25.52
-11.44
457.19
-221.21

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n

Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+

Fbg

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)

*++

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =

Ftg

fc1 x (n - ds) / n

***

Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fts

(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-62.60
-23.17
-96.87
0.00
0.00
0.98

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

TFbg
-62.60
-85.77
-182.65
-182.65
-182.65
-181.67

Top of
Girder
Ftg
2.52
0.93
3.90
0.00
0.00
-0.06

23.17
-295.18
-2365.67
-1182.82
-31.86
152.35
-214.51

-158.49
-453.68
-2819.35
-4002.16
-4034.02
-3881.67
-4096.18

-0.66
1.15
-3.37
-1.69
-23.77
-104.30
101.31

Cumulative
Top of
Girder

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
2.52
3.45
7.35
7.35
7.35
7.29

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

6.63
7.78
4.41
2.72
-21.05
-125.35
-24.04

-0.93
4.73
51.05
25.52
-11.44
457.19
-221.21

-0.93
3.81
54.86
80.38
68.94
526.13
304.92

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Permissible
stress in steel

Actual stress in
steel

-40800.00

-182.65

1958.40

7.35

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-453.68

1958.40

7.78

1958.40

3.81

OK

-40800.00

-2819.35

1958.40

4.41

1958.40

54.86

OK

-40800.00

-2851.21

1958.40

-19.36

1958.40

43.42

OK

-40800.00

-2698.86

1958.40

-123.66

1958.40

500.61

OK

-40800.00

-3065.72

1958.40

81.95

1958.40

-177.79

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Actual stress in
concrete

Status

Stress Check at 0.5L for inner girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live load
Loss in wt of Deck slab due
to drying

M 40
17.200 m
0.250 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
52.829
10.648
70.963
0
0

Ast
in m2
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.474
1.474
1.474
1.474
1.474

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

n
fc1
in m *+
Fbg**+
0.6817 267 -4359.24
0.6819
54 -878.70
0.6818 359 -5855.70
0.8
0
0.00
0.8
0
0.00

6
-0.42592 0.0113
0.80
1.474 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.6801
7
De-shuttering
-10.648 0.0113
0.80
1.474 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.6819
8
SIDL
6.475 0.0113
3
1.699 0.225 12.12 0.25 0.3757
9
Live Load
209.95 0.0113
3
1.699 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.258
50% Live Load
104.975 0.0113
3
1.699 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.258
10
11
Differential Shrinkage
12
Temp Rise
13
Temp Fall
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

-2.1 35.12
-54 878.70
8.6 -400.04
341 -12566.24
171 -6283.12
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

Stress
Ftg*++
267.01
53.85
358.72
0.00
0.00
-2.14
-42.00
3.43
43.67
21.83
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Fts***

-53.85
8.56
341.41
170.71
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n

Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+

Fbg

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)

*++

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =

Ftg

fc1 x (n - ds) / n

***

Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fts

(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-4359.24
-878.70
-5855.70
0.00
0.00
35.12

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

TFbg
-4359.24
-5237.94
-11093.65
-11093.65
-11093.65
-11058.53

Top of
Girder
Ftg
267.01
53.85
358.72
0.00
0.00
-2.14

878.70
-400.04
-12566.24
-6283.12
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

-10179.83
-10579.87
-23146.11
-29429.23
-29457.55
-29306.73
-29519.18

-42.00
3.43
43.67
21.83
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Cumulative
Top of
Girder

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
267.01
320.86
679.58
679.58
679.58
677.43

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

635.43
638.86
682.53
704.37
682.74
570.71
681.63

-53.85
8.56
341.41
170.71
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

-53.85
-45.29
296.12
466.83
457.34
906.84
693.02

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Permissible
stress in steel

Actual stress in
steel

-40800.00

-11093.65

1958.40

679.58

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-10579.87

1958.40

638.86

1958.40

-45.29

OK

-40800.00

-23146.11

1958.40

682.53

1958.40

296.12

OK

-40800.00

-23174.43

1958.40

660.90

1958.40

286.63

OK

-40800.00

-23023.61

1958.40

548.87

1958.40

736.13

OK

-40800.00

-23386.88

1958.40

771.82

1958.40

72.81

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Actual stress in
concrete

Status

Stress Check at 0.391L for inner girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live load
Loss in wt of Deck slab due
to drying

M 40
17.200 m
0.250 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
50.332
10.161
67.707
0
0

Ast
in m2
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

n
fc1
in m *+
Fbg**+
0.5714 268 -5843.58
0.5715
54 -1179.72
0.5714 360 -7860.84
0.8
0
0.00
0.8
0
0.00

6
-0.40644 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25
0.57
7
De-shuttering
-10.161 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.5715
8
SIDL
6.633 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 12.12 0.25 0.2974
9
Live Load
200.646 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111
50% Live Load
100.323 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111
10
11
Differential Shrinkage
12
Temp Rise
13
Temp Fall
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

-2.2 47.16
-54 1179.72
9.6 -600.30
384 -17779.61
192 -8889.81
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

Stress
Ftg*++
267.85
54.08
360.32
0.00
0.00
-2.15
-39.89
2.35
-25.31
-12.66
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Fts***

-54.08
9.64
383.71
191.86
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n

Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+

Fbg

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)

*++

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =

Ftg

fc1 x (n - ds) / n

***

Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fts

(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-5843.58
-1179.72
-7860.84
0.00
0.00
47.16

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

TFbg
-5843.58
-7023.31
-14884.15
-14884.15
-14884.15
-14836.98

Top of
Girder
Ftg
267.85
54.08
360.32
0.00
0.00
-2.15

1179.72
-600.30
-17779.61
-8889.81
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

-13657.26
-14257.55
-32037.16
-40926.97
-40955.29
-40804.47
-41016.92

-39.89
2.35
-25.31
-12.66
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Cumulative
Top of
Girder

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
267.85
321.94
682.26
682.26
682.26
680.10

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

640.22
642.56
617.25
604.59
582.96
470.93
581.85

-54.08
9.64
383.71
191.86
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

-54.08
-44.44
339.27
531.13
521.64
971.14
757.32

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Permissible
stress in steel

Actual stress in
steel

-40800.00

-14884.15

1958.40

682.26

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-14257.55

1958.40

642.56

1958.40

-44.44

OK

-40800.00

-32037.16

1958.40

617.25

1958.40

339.27

OK

-40800.00

-32065.48

1958.40

595.62

1958.40

329.78

OK

-40800.00

-31914.66

1958.40

483.59

1958.40

779.28

OK

-40800.00

-32277.93

1958.40

706.54

1958.40

115.96

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Actual stress in
concrete

Not OK

Stress Check at 0.283L for inner girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live load
Loss in wt of Deck slab due
to drying

M 40
17.200 m
0.250 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
42.835
8.667
57.777
0
0

Ast
in m2
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

n
fc1
in m *+
Fbg**+
0.5714 228 -4973.17
0.5714
46 -1006.25
0.5714 307 -6708.00
0.8
0
0.00
0.8
0
0.00

6
-0.34668 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.566
7
De-shuttering
-8.667 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.5714
8
SIDL
6.374 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 12.12 0.25 0.2973
9
Live Load
172.825 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111
50% Live Load
86.4125 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111
10
11
Differential Shrinkage
12
Temp Rise
13
Temp Fall
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

-1.8 40.17
-46 1006.25
9.3 -576.84
331 -15314.34
165 -7657.17
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

Stress
Ftg*++
227.95
46.12
307.49
0.00
0.00
-1.81
-34.02
2.25
-21.80
-10.90
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Fts***

-46.12
9.26
330.50
165.26
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n

Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+

Fbg

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)

*++

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =

Ftg

fc1 x (n - ds) / n

***

Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fts

(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-4973.17
-1006.25
-6708.00
0.00
0.00
40.17

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

TFbg
-4973.17
-5979.41
-12687.41
-12687.41
-12687.41
-12647.24

Top of
Girder
Ftg
227.95
46.12
307.49
0.00
0.00
-1.81

1006.25
-576.84
-15314.34
-7657.17
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

-11641.00
-12217.84
-27532.18
-35189.35
-35217.67
-35066.85
-35279.30

-34.02
2.25
-21.80
-10.90
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Cumulative
Top of
Girder

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
227.95
274.08
581.57
581.57
581.57
579.75

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

545.74
547.99
526.19
515.29
493.66
381.63
492.55

-46.12
9.26
330.50
165.26
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

-46.12
-36.86
293.64
458.90
449.41
898.91
685.09

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Permissible
stress in steel

Actual stress in
steel

-40800.00

-12687.41

1958.40

581.57

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-12217.84

1958.40

547.99

1958.40

-36.86

OK

-40800.00

-27532.18

1958.40

526.19

1958.40

293.64

OK

-40800.00

-27560.50

1958.40

504.56

1958.40

284.15

OK

-40800.00

-27409.68

1958.40

392.53

1958.40

733.65

OK

-40800.00

-27772.95

1958.40

615.48

1958.40

70.33

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Actual stress in
concrete

Not OK

Stress Check at 0.174L for inner girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live load
Loss in wt of Deck slab due
to drying

M 40
17.200 m
0.250 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
30.337
6.164
41.17
0
0

Ast
in m2
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

n
fc1
in m *+
Fbg**+
0.5714 161 -3522.11
0.571
33 -715.54
0.5714 219 -4779.83
0.8
0
0.00
0.8
0
0.00

6
-0.24656 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.5773
7
De-shuttering
-6.164 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.25 0.571
8
SIDL
2.813 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 12.12 0.25 0.2978
9
Live Load
127.901 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111
50% Live Load
63.9505 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.25 0.2111
10
11
Differential Shrinkage
12
Temp Rise
13
Temp Fall
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

-1.3 28.69
-33 715.54
4.1 -254.61
245 -11333.54
122 -5666.77
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

Stress
Ftg*++
161.43
32.76
219.08
0.00
0.00
-1.34
-24.16
1.00
-16.14
-8.07
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Fts***

-32.76
4.10
244.60
122.30
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n

Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+

Fbg

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)

*++

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =

Ftg

fc1 x (n - ds) / n

***

Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fts

(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-3522.11
-715.54
-4779.83
0.00
0.00
28.69

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

TFbg
-3522.11
-4237.65
-9017.48
-9017.48
-9017.48
-8988.80

Top of
Girder
Ftg
161.43
32.76
219.08
0.00
0.00
-1.34

715.54
-254.61
-11333.54
-5666.77
-28.32
150.82
-212.45

-8273.25
-8527.86
-19861.40
-25528.18
-25556.50
-25405.68
-25618.13

-24.16
1.00
-16.14
-8.07
-21.63
-112.03
110.92

Cumulative
Top of
Girder

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
161.43
194.19
413.27
413.27
413.27
411.94

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

387.78
388.78
372.65
364.58
342.95
230.92
341.84

-32.76
4.10
244.60
122.30
-9.49
449.50
-213.82

-32.76
-28.67
215.93
338.23
328.74
778.24
564.42

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Permissible
stress in steel

Actual stress in
steel

-40800.00

-9017.48

1958.40

413.27

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-8527.86

1958.40

388.78

1958.40

-28.67

OK

-40800.00

-19861.40

1958.40

372.65

1958.40

215.93

OK

-40800.00

-19889.72

1958.40

351.02

1958.40

206.44

OK

-40800.00

-19738.90

1958.40

238.99

1958.40

655.94

OK

-40800.00

-20102.17

1958.40

461.94

1958.40

-7.38

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Actual stress in
concrete

Not OK

Stress Check at 0.0L for inner girder


Grade of concrete

Span of girder (m)


Width of beam bw
Depth of girder
Depth of girder+slab
Depth of extreme layer of steel
Modular ratio, m
Modular ratio, m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

S.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live load
Loss in wt of Deck slab due
to drying

M 40
17.200 m
0.450 m
1.600 m
1.825 m
1.757 m
6.06 (for live load)
12.12 (for DL+SIDL)

Mom
in tmt
0.548
0.091
0.651
0
0

Ast
in m2
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072
0.0072

b*
in m
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80

d
in m
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504
1.504

ds**
in m
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

m
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12
12.12

bw
in m
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45

n
fc1
in m *+
0.5234 2.5
0.5209 0.4
0.5255
3
0.8
0
0.8
0

Fbg**+
-62.57
-10.38
-74.38
0.00
0.00

6
-0.00364 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.45 0.544
-0
0.42
7
De-shuttering
-0.091 0.0072
0.80
1.504 0.15 12.12 0.45 0.5209 -0.4 10.38
8
SIDL
3.9
0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 12.12 0.45 0.2964 5.6 -352.87
9
Live Load
36.449 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.45 0.2111
70 -3229.80
50% Live Load
18.2245 0.0072
3
1.729 0.225 6.06 0.45 0.211
35 -1614.89
10
11
Differential Shrinkage
-31.86
12
Temp Rise
152.35
13
Temp Fall
-214.51
* For girder alone property, b = width of top flange, and for composite property, b = effective width of slab
** For girder alone property, ds = tck of top flange, and for composite property, ds = tck of slab

Stress
Ftg*++
2.51
0.41
3.00
0.00
0.00
-0.02
-0.29
1.36
-4.61
-2.31
-23.77
-104.30
101.31

Fts***

-0.41
5.65
69.70
34.84
-11.44
457.19
-221.21

b
fc1
ds

C1
fc2

c2

bw

fst

Stress in the extreme compression fibre (i.e at the top of the deck slab) = fc1 N/mm
Stress at the bottom of the slab= fc2 = fc1 x (n-ds)/n

Stress at the c.g of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Total Compression, C = C1 + C2
Where, C1 = fc1 x b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n
C2 =( fc1 x bw x (n-ds)^2)/2n

C=

fc1 x ( b x ds x (2n-ds)/2n + bw x (n-ds)^2/2n )

Total tension, T = m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n


By equating the internal forces

Moment of resistance =
*+

fc1 =

m x fc1 x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Moment
m x Ast(d - n)/n x (d-n/3)

Stress at CG of steel = fst = m x fc1 x (d - n)/n


Stress in the extreme layer of steel =
**+

Fbg

= (fst *(d-n)+cg form bottom)/(d-n)

*++

Stress in Concrete at top of girder =

Ftg

fc1 x (n - ds) / n

***

Stress in Concrete at deck top =

Fts

(fst / m) x (n / (d - n ))

Summary of Stress check at section


As per clause:12.2.2 of IRC:112-2011:
Permissible stresses
In concrete
= 0.48fck
In steel
= 0.8fyk

Sr No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Description
Gider Self weight
Weight of shuttering
Green weight of deck slab
Weight of cross-girder
Construction Live Load
De-shuttering
Loss wt of Deck slab due to
drying
SIDL
Live Load
50 % Live Load
Differential Shrinkage
Temp Rise
Temp Fall

=
=

19.2 Mpa
400 Mpa

=
=

1958 t/m2
40800 t/m2

Bottom of
Girder
Fbg
-62.57
-10.38
-74.38
0.00
0.00
0.42

Cumulative
Bottom of Girder

TFbg
-62.57
-72.95
-147.33
-147.33
-147.33
-146.91

Top of
Girder
Ftg
2.51
0.41
3.00
0.00
0.00
-0.02

10.38
-352.87
-3229.80
-1614.89
-31.86
152.35
-214.51

-136.53
-489.40
-3719.20
-5334.09
-5365.95
-5213.60
-5428.11

-0.29
1.36
-4.61
-2.31
-23.77
-104.30
101.31

Cumulative
Top of
Girder

Cumulative Top
of Slab

TFtg
2.51
2.92
5.92
5.92
5.92
5.91

Top of
Slab
Fts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

5.61
6.97
2.37
0.06
-23.71
-128.01
-26.70

-0.41
5.65
69.70
34.84
-11.44
457.19
-221.21

-0.41
5.23
74.93
109.77
98.33
555.52
334.31

TFts
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Combinations
Combination 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+5
( Girder Alone property)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8
(Service Condition without Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9
(Service Condition with Live load)
Combination 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+11
(Service Condition with Live load and
shrinkage)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+12
(50% Live Load+ Temp Rise)
Combination
1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+10+11+13
(50% Live Load+ Temp fall)

Permissible
Permissible
Actual stress
stress in
stress in
in concrete
concrete
concrete

Permissible
stress in steel

Actual stress in
steel

-40800.00

-147.33

1958.40

5.92

1958.40

0.00

OK

-40800.00

-489.40

1958.40

6.97

1958.40

5.23

OK

-40800.00

-3719.20

1958.40

2.37

1958.40

74.93

OK

-40800.00

-3751.06

1958.40

-21.40

1958.40

63.49

OK

-40800.00

-3598.71

1958.40

-125.70

1958.40

520.68

OK

-40800.00

-3965.57

1958.40

79.91

1958.40

-157.72

OK

Note: Negative value indicates tension. Positive value indicates compression.

Actual stress in
concrete

Not OK

12.0 CRACK WIDTH CHECK for outer girder


Sample calculation at 0.5 L
Crack width checking during SLS condition under Quasi-permanent Load combination
(As per Cl:12.03.4 (1) of IRC:112-2011)
Maximum Crack width is limited to

Wkmax =

0.3

mm

Table 12.1

fck =

40

N/mm2

Table 6.5

Yield Strength of Steel,

fy =

500

N/mm2

Table 18.1

Modulus of elasticity of reinf. of steel

Es = 2E+05 N/mm2

Chararcteristic Strength of Concrete,

Modulus of elasticity of concrete=22*(fcm/12.5)0.3

Creep Coefficient
Effictive Modulus of elasticity
Effective Modular ratio e = (Es/Eceff)

Clear Cover
Width of Structure

Ecm = 33346 N/mm2


=

Table 6.9

Eceff = 16673
e =

12

C =

40

Bw =

Cl. 12.4.2 (2) of


IRC:112

mm

450 mm

Details of reinforcement bars provided:


Dia

Nos.

32
32
32
32
0
0
0
0

5
5
4
0
0
0
0
0

CG from
bottom
68
132
196
260
0
0
0
0

c/c
nii
spacing
78.50
160
78.50
160
104.67
128
0.00
0
0.00
0
0.00
0
0.00
0
0.00
0
= 448

nii

Total area of reinforcement

5120
5120
4096
0
0
0
0
0
14336

As =

Centroid of reinforcing bars from bottom


eq = Snii2

Equivalent diameter

32

mm

sc =

Overall Depth, D or h

133.32

Mpa

1825 mm

Tensile Strength of Concrete, fctm

Mpa

Effective Cover

56

mm

Effective Depth

d =

eff
=
=

= 113.38 mm

Stress in Steel at CG,

0.425 * k1 * k 2 *
k1
k2

Hence the maximum crack width is Sr,max , shall be calculated

Coefficent based on bond properties


Coefficent based on distribution of strain

128 mm

Depth of neutral axis

Spacing of bonded reinforcement with in tension zone


= 105445.7 = 88
1203.68

S r max = 3.4 * c +

Snii

Effective spacing

Crack Spacing

11259.47 mm

0.8
0.5

Eq.12.8 of IRC:1122011

for Deformed bars


for bending

1697 mm
< 5*(C+/2)
< 280 mm
OK

Cl. 12.3.4 (3) of


IRC:112

Calculation of effective area of concrete in tension (Ac.eff):

From fig. 12.2 of


IRC:112-2011

Depth hceff is the lesser of


1. One third of the tension zone depth of the cracked section, (h-x)/3, with x negative
when whole section is in tension
= 570.5 mm
2. half of section depth,h/2, or

= 912.5 mm

3. 2.5*(h-d)

320 mm

hceff =

320 mm

Aceff =

144000 mm

Effective area of of Concrete in tension


surrounding the reinforcement
eff

As/Aceff
Srmax= 3.4 * c +

Crack Spacing
=

Crack Width

eff = 0.078
0.425* k1* k2 *
eff

Srmax = 205.6 mm
= 5E-04

Wk = 0.099 mm
< 0.3mm hence Safe

Eq.12.8 of IRC:1122011
Eq. 12.6 of IRC:1122011

Eq. 12.5 of IRC:1122011

Summary of crack width at various sections:

0
Dia
Layers of steel
Layer 1
Layer 2
Layer 3
Layer 4
Layer 5
Layer 6
Layer 7
Layer 8
Total area of
reinforcement

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

CG from

c/c
spacing

Dia

68
132
196
0
0
0
0
0

78.50
104.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

Nos. bottom
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

Section
4.86

2.99
CG from

c/c
spacing

Dia

68
132
196
0
0
0
0
0

78.50
104.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

Nos. bottom
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

6.73

CG from

c/c
spacing

Dia

68
132
196
0
0
0
0
0

78.50
104.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

Nos. bottom
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

8.6

CG from

c/c
spacing

Dia

68
132
196
0
0
0
0
0

78.50
104.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

32
32
32
32
0
0
0
0

Nos. bottom
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

CG from

c/c
spacing

68
132
196
260
0
0
0
0

78.50
78.50
104.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Nos. bottom
5
5
4
0
0
0
0
0

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

11259.47

Centroid of reinforcing
bars from bottom

96.44

96.44

96.44

96.44

127.43

Snii

288

288

288

288

448

Snii2

9216

9216

9216

9216

14336

eq

32

32

32

32

32

bw

450

450

450

450

450

Shear rf at section

12

12

12

12

12

72.88

72.88

72.88

72.88

113.38

4.45

107.92

152.88

179.8

133.32

1825

1825

1825

1825

1825

Depth of neutral
axis, x
Stress in steel at
CG (N/mm2)
Overall depth, D or
h
Tensile strength of
concrete, fctm

Effective cover

56

56

56

56

56

Effective depth, d

1729

1729

1729

1729

1698

Spacing of bonded rf
in tension zone

92.01

92.01

92.01

92.01

87.6

5*(C+/2)

280

280

280

280

280

Check

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

(i) (h-x)/3

584.04

584.04

584.04

584.04

570.54

(ii) h/2

912.5

912.5

912.5

912.5

912.5

(iii) 2.5*(h-d)

240

240

240

240

317.5

Depth hc eff (lesser of


I,ii &iii)

240

240

240

240

317.5

Ac eff

108000

108000

108000

108000

142875

eff

0.067

0.067

0.067

0.067

0.079

Sr max

217.19

217.19

217.19

217.19

204.86

sm-cm

0.0003

0.0006

0.0007

0.0005

Wk

0.065

0.13

0.152

0.102

Limiting crack
width

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

Check

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

12.0 CRACK WIDTH CHECK for inner girder


Sample calculation at 0.5 L
Crack width checking during SLS condition under Quasi-permanent Load combination
(As per Cl:12.03.4 (1) of IRC:112-2011)
Maximum Crack width is limited to

Wkmax =

0.3

mm

Table 12.1

fck =

40

N/mm2

Table 6.5

Yield Strength of Steel,

fy =

500

N/mm2

Table 18.1

Modulus of elasticity of reinf. of steel

Es = 2E+05 N/mm2

Chararcteristic Strength of Concrete,

Modulus of elasticity of concrete=22*(fcm/12.5)0.3

Creep Coefficient
Effictive Modulus of elasticity
Effective Modular ratio e = (Es/Eceff)

Clear Cover
Width of Structure

Ecm = 33346 N/mm2


=

Table 6.9

Eceff = 16673
e =

12

C =

40

Bw =

Cl. 12.4.2 (2) of


IRC:112

mm

450 mm

Details of reinforcement bars provided:


Dia

Nos.

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

5
5
4
0
0
0
0
0

CG from
bottom
68
132
190
0
0
0
0
0

c/c
nii
spacing
78.50
160
78.50
160
104.67
128
0.00
0
0.00
0
0.00
0
0.00
0
0.00
0
= 448

nii

Total area of reinforcement

5120
5120
4096
0
0
0
0
0
14336

As =

Centroid of reinforcing bars from bottom


eq = Snii2

Equivalent diameter

32

mm

sc =

Overall Depth, D or h

103.72

Mpa

1825 mm

Tensile Strength of Concrete, fctm

Mpa

Effective Cover

56

mm

Effective Depth

d =

eff
=
=

= 113.38 mm

Stress in Steel at CG,

0.425 * k1 * k 2 *
k1
k2

Hence the maximum crack width is Sr,max , shall be calculated

Coefficent based on bond properties


Coefficent based on distribution of strain

126 mm

Depth of neutral axis

Spacing of bonded reinforcement with in tension zone


= 105445.7 = 88
1203.68

S r max = 3.4 * c +

Snii

Effective spacing

Crack Spacing

11259.47 mm

0.8
0.5

Eq.12.8 of IRC:1122011

for Deformed bars


for bending

1699 mm
< 5*(C+/2)
< 280 mm
OK

Cl. 12.3.4 (3) of


IRC:112

Calculation of effective area of concrete in tension (Ac.eff):

From fig. 12.2 of


IRC:112-2011

Depth hceff is the lesser of


1. One third of the tension zone depth of the cracked section, (h-x)/3, with x negative
when whole section is in tension
= 570.5 mm
2. half of section depth,h/2, or

= 912.5 mm

3. 2.5*(h-d)

315 mm

hceff =

315 mm

Aceff =

141750 mm

Effective area of of Concrete in tension


surrounding the reinforcement
eff

As/Aceff
Srmax= 3.4 * c +

Crack Spacing
=

Crack Width

eff = 0.079
0.425* k1* k2 *
eff

Srmax = 204.5 mm
= 3E-04

Wk = 0.068 mm
< 0.3mm hence Safe

Eq.12.8 of IRC:1122011
Eq. 12.6 of IRC:1122011

Eq. 12.5 of IRC:1122011

Summary of crack width at various sections:

0
Dia
Layers of steel
Layer 1
Layer 2
Layer 3
Layer 4
Layer 5
Layer 6
Layer 7
Layer 8
Total area of
reinforcement

32
32
0
0
0
0
0
0

CG from

c/c
spacing

Dia

68
132
0
0
0
0
0
0

78.5
104.7
0
0
0
0
0
0

32
32
0
0
0
0
0
0

Nos. bottom
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

Section
4.86

2.99
CG from

c/c
spacing

Dia

68
132
0
0
0
0
0
0

78.5
104.7
0
0
0
0
0
0

32
32
0
0
0
0
0
0

Nos. bottom
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

6.73

CG from

c/c
spacing

Dia

68
132
0
0
0
0
0
0

78.5
104.7
0
0
0
0
0
0

32
32
0
0
0
0
0
0

Nos. bottom
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

8.6

CG from

c/c
spacing

Dia

68
132
0
0
0
0
0
0

78.5
104.7
0
0
0
0
0
0

32
32
32
0
0
0
0
0

Nos. bottom
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

CG from

c/c
spacing

68
132
190
0
0
0
0
0

78.5
78.5
104.7
0
0
0
0
0

Nos. bottom
5
5
4
0
0
0
0
0

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

7238.23

11259.47

Centroid of reinforcing
bars from bottom

96.44

96.44

96.44

96.44

125.71

Snii

288

288

288

288

448

Snii2

9216

9216

9216

9216

14336

eq

32

32

32

32

32

bw

450

450

450

450

450

Shear rf at section

12

12

12

12

12

72.88

72.88

72.88

72.88

113.38

4.8

83.61

119.78

139.78

103.72

1825

1825

1825

1825

1825

Depth of neutral
axis, x
Stress in steel at
CG (N/mm2)
Overall depth, D or
h
Tensile strength of
concrete, fctm

Effective cover

56

56

56

56

56

Effective depth, d

1729

1729

1729

1729

1700

Spacing of bonded rf
in tension zone

92.01

92.01

92.01

92.01

87.6

5*(C+/2)

280

280

280

280

280

Check

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

(i) (h-x)/3

584.04

584.04

584.04

584.04

570.54

(ii) h/2

912.5

912.5

912.5

912.5

912.5

(iii) 2.5*(h-d)

240

240

240

240

312.5

Depth hc eff (lesser of


I,ii &iii)

240

240

240

240

312.5

Ac eff

108000

108000

108000

108000

140625

eff

0.067

0.067

0.067

0.067

0.08

Sr max

217.19

217.19

217.19

217.19

204

sm-cm

0.0003

0.0004

0.0005

0.0003

Wk

0.065

0.087

0.109

0.061

Limiting crack
width

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

Check

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

13.0 CALCULATION OF DEFLECTION for outer girder


= 5ML2/48EI
= 3.87E+11 mm4
2
=
33000 N/mm

Deflection, for simply supported member


I, Moment of Inertia of section
Ec, Modulus of Elasticity

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section


ho =2Ac / u

2.71E+11 mm
373.42 mm

, creep coefficient
Ec,eff,effective modulus of elasticity = Ec/(1+)

Moment due to girder selfweight

52.828 tm

Moment due to slab selfweight

69.652 tm

Moment due to SIDL

49.481 tm

Total moment due to sustained loading

171.96 tm

Moment due to vehicular loading

204.195 tm

M, moment

153.1463 tm

L, length

E, Modulus of elasticity

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section


Deflection ()

Permissible deflection due to vehicular traffic

= L/800
21.5 mm
=

1.35
2
14048.85 N/mm

(Permanent loads)
(Live loads)

A) Deflection due to vehicular loading

Hence the deflection is

17.2 m
33000 N/mm2
2.71E+11 mm
5.285 mm

Within permissible limit

B) Deflection due to sustained loading


i) For short term deflection,
M, moment

L, length

E, Modulus of elasticity

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

Deflection ()

171.96 tm
17.2 m
2
33000 N/mm
4
2.71E+11 mm

5.934 mm

ii) Deflection due to creep,


acc(perm) = aicc(perm) - ai(perm)

(12.4.1.(2) IRC:112-2011)

For aicc(perm)
M, moment

171.96 t/m

L, length
Ec,eff ,Effective modulus of elasticity

=
=

17.2 m
2
14048.85 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

2.71E+11 mm

Deflection ()

13.938 mm

M, moment

171.96 t/m

L, length
Ec,eff ,Effective modulus of elasticity

=
=

17.2 m
2
33000 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

Deflection ()

For ai(perm)

4
2.71E+11 mm

5.934 mm

acc(perm) = 13.938 =

5.934

8.004 mm

iii) Deflection due to shrinkage,


2
acs = k3 * cs * L
Where, k3 is a constant representing effect of support conditions
k3 = 0.125 for simply supported members
cs = 1/ rcs As per Cl: 12.4.2, shrinkage curvature
1

= cs * e * S/I

rcs
As per Cl: 6.4.2.6, total shrinkage strain is given by
cs = cd + ca
-6
ca =
55 x 10
cd = kh * cd'
kh =
0.732

cd' =
cd =
Therefore, cs =
e =

341.1 x 10
4E-04
14.24

3
9.56E+06 mm

4
3.87E+11 mm

50 %

-6

acs

(table 6.7, page 45)

466 for relative humidity

cs =

(table 6.6, page 45)

1.39E-07
5.16 mm

Total Deflection

= Short term deflection+ Deflection due to creep + Deflection due to Shrinkage

Total Deflection

19.10 mm

CALCULATION OF DEFLECTION for inner girder


= 5ML2/48EI
= 3.87E+11 mm4
2
=
33000 N/mm

Deflection, for simply supported member


I, Moment of Inertia of section
Ec, Modulus of Elasticity

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section


ho =2Ac / u

2.71E+11 mm
373.42 mm

, creep coefficient
Ec,eff,effective modulus of elasticity = Ec/(1+)

Moment due to girder selfweight

52.829 tm

Moment due to slab selfweight

64.679 tm

Moment due to SIDL

6.475 tm

Total moment due to sustained loading

123.98 tm

(Permanent loads)

Moment due to vehicular loading

209.95 tm

(Live loads)

M, moment

157.4625 tm

L, length

E, Modulus of elasticity

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section


Deflection ()

Permissible deflection due to vehicular traffic

= L/800
21.5 mm
=

1.35
2
14048.85 N/mm

A) Deflection due to vehicular loading

Hence the deflection is

17.2 m
33000 N/mm2
2.71E+11 mm
5.434 mm

Within permissible limit

B) Deflection due to sustained loading


i) For short term deflection,
M, moment

L, length

E, Modulus of elasticity

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

Deflection ()

123.98 tm
17.2 m
2
33000 N/mm
4
2.71E+11 mm

4.278 mm

ii) Deflection due to creep,


acc(perm) = aicc(perm) - ai(perm)

(12.4.1.(2) IRC:112-2011)

For aicc(perm)
M, moment

123.98 t/m

L, length
Ec,eff ,Effective modulus of elasticity

=
=

17.2 m
2
14048.85 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

2.71E+11 mm

Deflection ()

10.049 mm

M, moment

123.98 t/m

L, length
Ec,eff ,Effective modulus of elasticity

=
=

17.2 m
2
33000 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

Deflection ()

For ai(perm)

4
2.71E+11 mm

4.278 mm

acc(perm) = 10.049 =

4.278

5.771 mm

iii) Deflection due to shrinkage,


2
acs = k3 * cs * L
Where, k3 is a constant representing effect of support conditions
k3 = 0.125 for simply supported members
cs = 1/ rcs As per Cl: 12.4.2, shrinkage curvature
1

= cs * e * S/I

rcs
As per Cl: 6.4.2.6, total shrinkage strain is given by
cs = cd + ca
-6
ca =
55 x 10
cd = kh * cd'
kh =
0.732

cd' =
cd =
Therefore, cs =
e =

341.1 x 10
4E-04
14.24

3
9.57E+06 mm

4
3.87E+11 mm

50 %

-6

acs

(table 6.7, page 45)

466 for relative humidity

cs =

(table 6.6, page 45)

1.4E-07
5.16 mm

Total Deflection

= Short term deflection+ Deflection due to creep + Deflection due to Shrinkage

Total Deflection

15.21 mm

14.0 CHECK FOR INTERFACE SHEAR

for outer girder

(10.3.4 IRC:112-2011)

Sample Calculation for section @ 0.0L

VDS, the shear due to Dead load of slab

15.884

1.35

21.44 t

VSIDL-1,the shear due to SIDL except surfacing

11.672

1.35

15.76 t

VSIDL-2, the shear due to surfacing

5.188

1.75

9.08 t

VLL, the shear due to live load

52.625

1.5

78.94 t

125.22 t

17.56 t

Effective length considered


, Coefficient of friction
z, lever arm
b1, width of interface

=
=
=
=

1000.00 mm
0.7
1555.70 mm
800.00 mm

ds, depth of slab

225.00 mm

VED, the transverse shear force (factored)


Vgrdr ,factored shear due to dead weight of girder

, ratio of longitudinal force in new concrete


to total longitudinal force
VEDi ,interface shear stress

13.007 x

1.35

VSIDL+VLL
VSIDL+VLL+Vgrdr+VDS
VED

0.706
2
0.71 N/mm

z b1
Provided shear reinforcement:
12 dia 2 Leg @
As, area of shear reinforcement already provided

100 mm c/c spacing

Additional reinforcement:
12 dia 2 Leg @
Ai, area of interface reinforcement

100 mm c/c spacing

2
2261.95 mm

2
2261.95 mm

Asteel, total area of reinforcement crossing the joint

2
4523.9 mm

Aj, interface area of the joint

2
800000 mm

Amin, area of minimum reinforcement required

2
1200 mm

OK
min

, mimimum reinforcement ratio


Asteel /Aj

,angle of reinforcement to the interface


n, minimum coexisting normal stress

= VED/(b1.ds) < 0.6fcd

0.0015

0.0057
OK

=
=

90
2
6.96 N/mm

Page 20 IRC:221986

Cl:10.3.4 IRC:1122011

, reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear

= 0.6(1-fck/310)

VRdi ,resisting capacity at section

= n+fyd[sin+cos] 0.5fcd
=

6.607

N/mm

0.52

Interface Shear stress, VEDi

Resisting capacity at section, VRdi

eq 10.6 IRC:1122011

4.645 N/mm
4.645 N/mm2

eq 10.21 IRC:1122011

2
0.71 N/mm
2
4.645 N/mm

OK
Summary of interface shear at various sections:
Section
VDL (t)

0L
15.884

Deff
12.361

EOT
12.361

0.283L
8.719

0.391L
5.332

0.5L
1.824

VSIDL-1 (t)

11.672

9.522

9.522

6.834

4.163

1.628

VSIDL-2 (t)

5.188

4.223

4.219

2.903

1.714

0.525

VLL (t)

52.625

52.63

47.784

36.352

25.997

13.906

VED (t)

125.2171

115.8773

108.6013

80.6048

54.81325

26.43795

Vgrdr (t)

z (mm)
b1 (mm)

VEDi (t/m2)
Shear r/f
spacing
As (mm2)
Additional rf
spacing
Ai (mm2)
Asteel (mm2)
2

Aj (mm )
2

Amin (mm )
Status
min

Status
(deg;rad)
n
VRdi (t/m2)

9.724
5.354
2.68
0
13.007
9.814
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1555.70
1555.70
1555.70
1555.70
1527.81
1555.70
800.00
800.00
800.00
800.00
800
800.00
0.736
0.766
0.706
0.75
0.799
0.898
50.603
35.894
19.813
72.452
71.227
65.508
12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg
100
100
100
120
150
150
2261.95
2261.95
2261.95
1884.96
1507.96
1507.96
12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg
100
100
120
120
150
150
2261.95
2261.95
1884.96
1884.96
1507.96
1507.96
4523.9

4523.9

4146.91

3769.92

3015.92

3015.92

800000

800000

800000

800000

800000

800000

1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0057
0.0057
0.0052
0.0047
0.0038
0.0038
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
90
1.571 90
1.571 90
1.571 90
1.571 90
1.571 90
1.571
709.56
656.64
615.41
456.76
310.61
149.82

VRdi (t/m2)

673.64
473.824
473.824

636.596
473.824
473.824

592.213
473.824
473.824

465.636
473.824
465.636

335.392
473.824
335.392

222.839
473.824
222.839

VEDi (t/m2)
Status

72.452
OK

71.227
OK

65.508
OK

50.603
OK

35.894
OK

19.813
OK

o
o

14.0 CHECK FOR INTERFACE SHEAR

for inner girder

(10.3.4 IRC:112-2011)

Sample Calculation for section @ 0.0L

VDS, the shear due to Dead load of slab

14.554

1.35

19.65 t

VSIDL-1,the shear due to SIDL except surfacing

2.967

1.35

4.01 t

VSIDL-2, the shear due to surfacing

4.526

1.75

7.92 t

VLL, the shear due to live load

58.257

1.5

87.39 t

118.97 t

17.56 t

Effective length considered


, Coefficient of friction
z, lever arm
b1, width of interface

=
=
=
=

1000.00 mm
0.7
1555.70 mm
800.00 mm

ds, depth of slab

225.00 mm

VED, the transverse shear force (factored)


Vgrdr ,factored shear due to dead weight of girder

, ratio of longitudinal force in new concrete


to total longitudinal force
VEDi ,interface shear stress

13.006 x

1.35

VSIDL+VLL
VSIDL+VLL+Vgrdr+VDS
VED

0.705
2
0.67 N/mm

z b1
Provided shear reinforcement:
12 dia 2 Leg @
As, area of shear reinforcement already provided

100 mm c/c spacing

Additional reinforcement:
12 dia 2 Leg @
Ai, area of interface reinforcement

100 mm c/c spacing

2
2261.95 mm

2
2261.95 mm

Asteel, total area of reinforcement crossing the joint

2
4523.9 mm

Aj, interface area of the joint

2
800000 mm

Amin, area of minimum reinforcement required

2
1200 mm

OK
min

, mimimum reinforcement ratio


Asteel /Aj

,angle of reinforcement to the interface


n, minimum coexisting normal stress

= VED/(b1.ds) < 0.6fcd

0.0015

0.0057
OK

=
=

90
2
6.61 N/mm

Page 20 IRC:221986

Cl:10.3.4 IRC:1122011

, reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear

= 0.6(1-fck/310)

VRdi ,resisting capacity at section

= n+fyd[sin+cos] 0.5fcd
=

6.362

N/mm

Interface Shear stress, VEDi

Resisting capacity at section, VRdi

0.52

eq 10.6 IRC:1122011

4.645 N/mm
4.645 N/mm2

eq 10.21 IRC:1122011

2
0.67 N/mm
2
4.645 N/mm

OK
Summary of interface shear at various sections:
Section
VDL (t)

0L
14.554

Deff
11.355

EOT
11.355

0.283L
8.147

0.391L
4.926

VSIDL-1 (t)

2.967

2.018

2.018

1.077

0.355

0.233

VSIDL-2 (t)

4.526

3.782

3.769

2.375

1.331

0.282

VLL (t)

58.257

29.01

49.619

35.643

27.994

21.236

VED (t)

118.95935

68.18705

99.0778

70.07315

51.4496

34.94895

Vgrdr (t)

z (mm)
b1 (mm)

VEDi (t/m2)
Shear r/f
spacing
As (mm2)
Additional rf
spacing
Ai (mm2)
Asteel (mm2)
2

Aj (mm )
2

Amin (mm )
Status
min

Status
(deg;rad)
n
VRdi (t/m2)

0.5L
1.694

13.006
9.822
9.725
5.35
2.676
0
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1555.70
1555.70
1555.70
1555.70
1555.70
1529.36
800.00
800.00
800
800.00
800.00
800.00
0.705
0.622
0.724
0.743
0.796
0.928
68.734
34.76
58.789
42.67
33.564
27.038
12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg
100
100
100
120
150
150
2261.95
2261.95
2261.95
1884.96
1507.96
1507.96
12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg 12 dia 2 Leg
100
100
120
120
150
150
2261.95
2261.95
1884.96
1884.96
1507.96
1507.96
4523.9

4523.9

4146.91

3769.92

3015.92

3015.92

800000

800000

800000

800000

800000

800000

1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0015
0.0057
0.0057
0.0052
0.0047
0.0038
0.0038
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
90
1.571 90
1.571 90
1.571 90
1.571 90
1.571 90
1.571
674.1
386.39
561.44
397.08
291.55
198.04

VRdi (t/m2)

648.818
473.824
473.824

447.421
473.824
447.421

554.434
473.824
473.824

423.86
473.824
423.86

322.05
473.824
322.05

256.593
473.824
256.593

VEDi (t/m2)
Status

68.734
OK

34.76
OK

58.789
OK

42.67
OK

33.564
OK

27.038
OK

o
o

15.0 DESIGN OF DIAPHRAGMS


A) Jacking Condition

3.0

0.75

1.5

3.0

0.75

0.75

1.5

3.0

0.75

0.75

1.5

0.75

Total length of cross-girder

9m

Distance between supports (jacks)

1.5 m

Centre to centre distance between main girders

3m

Overall depth of girder

1.575 m

Width of girder

0.4 m

Reactions on main girders due to various loading. (These reactions would be the loads for crossgirder)
(Loads in t)
Reaction on G1
Reaction on G2
Reaction on G3
Dead Load
33.038
30.077
33.038
SIDL
26.037
11.046
26.037
LL (eccentric)
0
0
0
LL (symmetric)
0
0
0
Self wt of cross-girder
1.575 t/m for
9.0
m length

Cross-diaphragm is analysed as continous beam on STAAD and BM and Shear Forces are tabulated
below.
i) Hogging Moment
Moment (t
m)
Dead Load 25.221
19.528
SIDL
Live Load
0
Loading

ULS
1.35
1.75
1.5

Factors
Rare
1
1
1

Factored Moment (t m)
ULS
Rare
Quasi perm
1
34.04835 25.221
25.221
34.174
19.528
19.528
1
0
0
0
0
= 68.22235 44.749
44.749

Quasi perm

ii) Sagging Moment


Moment (t
m)
Dead Load
7.668
SIDL
11.01
Live Load
0
Loading

ULS
1.35
1.75
1.5

Factors
Rare
1
1
1

Quasi perm

1
1
0
=

Factored Moment (t m)
ULS
Rare
Quasi perm
7.67
7.67
10.35
19.27
11.01
11.01
0
0
0
29.62
18.68
18.68

Effective span of girder, L

1500 mm

Dia of jacks

300 mm

Clear length of girder, Lclear

1200 mm

Overall Depth of girder, D

1575 mm

0.952

Ratio of effective span to overall depth

L/D

Support conditions
As the beam is a
Lever arm, z

=
Continuous beam and the ratio l/D
=

<
0.5l

2.5

Continuous

it is a deep beam
=

Design Moment

Grade of steel

750 mm
29.62 tm
Fe 500

Grade of concrete

M 40

Width of section, b

400 mm

Overall depth of section

1575 mm

Clear cover to any reinforcement

40 mm

Positive reinforcement requirement:

29.3.1 IS456:2000

Area of steel required, Ast

Mu/0.87fyz

2
907.89 mm

Depth of tensile zone for reinforcement

0.25D-0.05l

318.75 mm

1206.37 mm2

16 mm

0 bars

16 mm

4 bars

Reinforcement details :

Area of steel required

16 mm

16 mm
16 mm
16 mm
Area of steel provided
=

<=

x
x
x

4 bars
2 bars
0 bars
----OK

2 bars

Negative reinforcement requirement:

29.3.2 IS456:2000

Area of steel required, Ast

Mu/0.87fyz

Ratio of clear span to overall depth

Lclear/D

2
2091.11 mm

0.76

Zone 1:
Depth of zone

0.8D

1260.00 mm

Required Area of steel in zone

Entire area of steel

2
2091.11 mm

Reinforcement details :

2513.27 mm2

Area of steel required

<=

20 mm
0 mm

x
x

8 bars
0 bars
----OK

Area of steel provided

Zone 2:
Depth of zone

Required Area of steel in zone

Reinforcement details :

Area of steel required

<=

0D =

Ast - Ast in Zone 1


12 mm
12 mm

x
x

Area of steel provided

2 bars
2 bars

2
0.00 mm

452.39 mm2

----OK

According to Cl: 29.3.2a)1) of IS456:2000, not more than half the negative reinforcement may be curtailed
after extending a distance of 0.5D from the face of support
So all the negative reinforcement needs to be extended at least upto
from face of support

787.50 mm

20mm dia 8bars


0mm dia 0bars

1260mm

Side face reinforcement requirement:


Vertical shear reinforcement:

Area of steel required on each face

2
480.00 mm /m
2
240.00 mm /m

Maximum diameter of bar

16 mm

Area of steel required

Spacing of vertical bars, sv

0.12% of Gross area

sv < 450mm and sv < 3b

Vertical reinforcement details on each face :

Area of steel required


Bar dia provided
Spacing provided

<=
<=
<=

= 12 mm bars
at
150 mm c/c spacing

Area of steel provided


Maximum bar dia
Maximum Spacing

<=

450.00 mm

753.98 mm2/m

----OK
----OK
----OK

Horizontal reinforcement:

Area of steel required on each face

2
800.00 mm /m
2
400.00 mm /m

Maximum diameter of bar

16 mm

Area of steel required

Spacing of horizintal bars, sh

sh < 450mm and sh < 3b

Horizontal reinforcement details on face 1:

Area of steel required


Bar dia provided
Spacing provided

<=
<=
<=

<=
<=
<=

= 12 mm bars
at
250 mm c/c spacing

Area of steel provided


Maximum bar dia
Maximum Spacing

Horizontal reinforcement details on face 2:

Area of steel required


Bar dia provided
Spacing provided

0.20% of Gross area

450.00 mm

452.39 mm2/m

452.39 mm2/m

----OK
----OK
----OK

= 12 mm bars
at
250 mm c/c spacing

Area of steel provided


Maximum bar dia
Maximum Spacing

<=

----OK
----OK
----OK

Check for Shear at support location:


Loading

Shear (t)
Dead Load
34.31
SIDL
26.037
Live Load
0

ULS
1.35
1.75
1.5

Factors
Rare
1
1
1

Quasi perm

1
1
0
=

Factored Moment (t m)
ULS
Rare
Quasi perm
46.32
34.31
34.31
45.56
26.04
26.04
0
0
0
91.88
60.35
60.35

Effective depth of girder

Area of steel provided


Width of web

=
=

1525.00 mm
2
1206.37 mm
400.00 mm

1.36

0.31

NED, the applied longitudinal force

0.002

The design Shear resistance of the member without Shear reinforcement VRD.c is given by,

subject to minimum of

Total shear
Check for shear reinforcement requirement :

Shear reinforcement required

18.91 t

91.88 t

= lever arm to be taken as 0.9 for RC sect & calculated for PSC section
1 = Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
0.6
for fck<=80Mpa
=
for fck>80Mpa
= 0.9-fck/250 > 0.5

cw

21.8

cot

2.5

tan

0.4

Shear reinforcement :

0.0009

1372.5 mm

0.6

0.3805 radians

12

mm dia

legged stirrups at

Areqd=minsbwsin

Min area of reinforcement required,

Cross sectional area of shear reinforcement at a section, Asw


Min shear reinforcement required

<= Shear reinforcement provided

Maximum spacing for steel provided,

s max =

Asw

min bw sin

Spacing provided, s
Maximum spacing for steel

>

Spacing provided, s

150

mm c/c spacing.
=

2
54 mm

2
226.195 mm

----OK
=

628.32 mm

150 mm

----OK

For members with vertical shear reinforcement, the shear resistance Vrd is smaller of,
=

179.97 t

202.94 t

Vrd =

179.97 t

Total factored shear, V =

91.88 t

Check for shear ----OK

B) Service Condition

3.0

3.0

3.0

Total length of cross-girder

9.0 m

Distance between supports (bearings)

3.0 m

Centre to centre distance between main girders

3.0 m

Overall depth of girder

1.575 m

Width of girder

0.4 m

Reactions on main girders due to various loading. (These reactions would be the loads for crossgirder)
(Loads in t)
Reaction on G1
Reaction on G2
Reaction on G3
Dead Load
33.038
30.077
33.038
SIDL
26.037
11.046
26.037
LL (eccentric)
0
0
0
LL (symmetric)
0
0
0
Self wt of cross-girder
1.575 t/m for
9
m length
Cross-diaphragm is analysed as continous beam on STAAD and BM and Shear Forces are tabulated
below.
i) Hogging Moment
Moment (t
m)
Dead Load
2.946
SIDL
4.615
Live Load
8.129
Loading

ULS
1.35
1.75
1.5

Factors
Rare
1
1
1

Factored Moment (t m)
Quasi perm
ULS
Rare
Quasi perm
1
3.9771
2.946
2.946
1
8.07625
4.615
4.615
0
12.1935
8.129
0
= 24.24685
15.69
7.561

ii) Sagging Moment


Moment (t
m)
Dead Load
1.572
SIDL
1.67
8.177
Live Load
Loading

ULS
1.35
1.75
1.5

Factors
Rare
1
1
1

Quasi perm

1
1
0
=

Factored Moment (t m)
ULS
Rare
Quasi perm
2.12
1.57
1.57
2.92
1.67
1.67
12.27
8.18
0
17.31
11.42
3.24

Effective span of girder, L

3000 mm

Width of bearing

400 mm

Clear length of girder, Lclear

2600 mm

Overall Depth of girder, D

1575 mm

1.905

Ratio of effective span to overall depth

L/D

Support conditions
As the beam is a

=
Continuous beam and the ratio l/D

Lever arm, z

<

2.5

Continuous

it is a deep beam
=

1072.5 mm

Design Moment

17.31 tm

Grade of steel

Fe 500

Grade of concrete

M 40

Width of section, b

400 mm

Overall depth of section

1575 mm

Clear cover to any reinforcement

40 mm

0.2(l+1.5D)

Positive reinforcement requirement:

29.3.1 IS456:2000

Area of steel required, Ast

Mu/0.87fyz

2
371.03 mm

Depth of tensile zone for reinforcement

0.25D-0.05l

243.75 mm

1206.37 mm2

Reinforcement details :

Area of steel required

16 mm

16 mm
16 mm
16 mm
Area of steel provided
=

<=

x
x
x

4 bars
2 bars
0 bars
----OK

16 mm

0 bars

16 mm

4 bars

2 bars

Negative reinforcement requirement:

29.3.2 IS456:2000
2
519.72 mm

Area of steel required, Ast

Mu/0.87fyz

Ratio of clear span to overall depth

Lclear/D

Depth of zone

0.2D

315.00 mm

Required Area of steel in zone

Ast*(0.5*(L/D-0.5))

2
299.10 mm

Reinforcement details :

2513.27 mm2

1.65

Zone 1:

Area of steel required

<=

20 mm
0 mm

Area of steel provided

x
x

8 bars
0 bars
----OK

Zone 2:
Depth of zone

= 0.3D on either side of mid-depth = 472.5


mm on either side of
mid-depth
2
Ast - Ast in Zone 1
=
=
220.62 mm

Required Area of steel in zone


Reinforcement details :

Area of steel required

<=

12 mm
12 mm

x
x

Area of steel provided

2 bars
2 bars

452.39 mm2

----OK

According to Cl: 29.3.2a)1) of IS456:2000, not more than half the negative reinforcement may be curtailed
after extending a distance of 0.5D from the face of support
So all the negative reinforcement needs to be extended at least upto
from face of support

787.50 mm

315mm
20mm dia 8bars
0mm dia 0bars

472.5mm

472.5mm
12mm dia 2bar
12mm dia 2bar

Side face reinforcement requirement:


Vertical shear reinforcement:
Area of steel required
Area of steel required on each face

0.12% of Gross area

=
=

2
480.00 mm /m
2
240.00 mm /m

Maximum diameter of bar

Spacing of vertical bars, sv

sv < 450mm and sv < 3b

Vertical reinforcement details on each face :

Area of steel required


Bar dia provided
Spacing provided

<=
<=
<=

= 12 mm bars
at
150 mm c/c spacing

Area of steel provided


Maximum bar dia
Maximum Spacing

16 mm

<=

450.00 mm

753.98 mm2/m

----OK
----OK
----OK

Horizontal reinforcement:
2

Area of steel required on each face

800.00 mm /m
2
400.00 mm /m

Maximum diameter of bar

16 mm

Area of steel required

Spacing of horizintal bars, sh

sh < 450mm and sh < 3b

Horizontal reinforcement details on face 1:

Area of steel required


Bar dia provided
Spacing provided

<=
<=
<=

<=
<=
<=

= 12 mm bars
at
250 mm c/c spacing

Area of steel provided


Maximum bar dia
Maximum Spacing

Horizontal reinforcement details on face 2:

Area of steel required


Bar dia provided
Spacing provided

0.20% of Gross area

450.00 mm

452.39 mm2/m

452.39 mm2/m

----OK
----OK
----OK

= 12 mm bars
at
250 mm c/c spacing

Area of steel provided


Maximum bar dia
Maximum Spacing

<=

----OK
----OK
----OK

Check for Shear at support location:


Loading

Shear (t)
Dead Load
3.498
SIDL
1.282
Live Load
11.556

ULS
1.35
1.75
1.5

Factors
Rare
1
1
1

Quasi perm

1
1
0
=

Factored Moment (t m)
ULS
Rare
Quasi perm
4.72
3.5
3.5
2.24
1.28
1.28
17.33
11.56
0
24.29
16.34
4.78

Effective depth of girder

Area of steel provided


Width of web

=
=

NED, the applied longitudinal force

1525.00 mm
2
1206.37 mm
400.00 mm

1.36

0.31

0.002

The design Shear resistance of the member without Shear reinforcement VRD.c is given by,

subject to minimum of

Total shear

= lever arm to be taken as 0.9 for RC sect & calculated for PSC section
1 = Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
0.6
for fck<=80Mpa
=
for fck>80Mpa
= 0.9-fck/250 > 0.5

cw

21.8

cot

2.5

tan

0.4

Shear reinforcement :

18.91 t

24.29 t

Shear reinforcement required

Check for shear reinforcement requirement :

0.0009

1372.5 mm

0.6

0.3805 radians

12

mm dia

legged stirrups at

A = sb sin

150

mm c/c spacing.

Areqd=minsbwsin

Min area of reinforcement required,

Cross sectional area of shear reinforcement at a section, Asw


Min shear reinforcement required

<= Shear reinforcement provided

Maximum spacing for steel provided,

s max =

Asw
min bw sin

Spacing provided, s
Maximum spacing for steel

>

Spacing provided, s

54 mm

226.195 mm

----OK
=

628.32 mm

150 mm

----OK

For members with vertical shear reinforcement, the shear resistance Vrd is smaller of,
=

179.97 t

202.94 t

Vrd =

179.97 t

Total factored shear, V =

24.29 t

Check for shear ----OK

DECK SLAB

Input Data
17.200 m
2
17.200 m
Simple supp
12.000 m
2.500 m
9.000 m
0.500 m

Span of Long. Girder (C/c of support)


No.of Cross Girder
Width of Deck (Centre to centre of cross girder)
Type of Deck slab
Overall Length of Deck
Dist.from Deck End to face of kerb(incl. footway if any)on LHS
Carriageway Width
Dist.from Deck End to face of kerb(incl. footway if any)on RHS

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

No. of Long. Girders


Spacing between Long.Girders (Effective Span of Deck)
Top Flange Width of Girders
Thickness of Deck Between Long.Girders
Wearing Coat

=
=
=
=
=

4
3.000
0.800
0.225
0.065

m
m
m
m

Cantiliver Span of Deck on LHS


Dist.from centre of web to face of support of Cantilever. On LHS
Thickness of Deck at Free End of Cantilever.On LHS
Thickness of Deck at Face of Support of Cantilever.On LHS

=
=
=
=

1.500
0.225
0.225
0.225

m
m
m
m

Cantiliver Span of Deck on RHS


Dist.from centre of web to face of support of Cantilever. On RHS
Thickness of Deck at Free End of Cantilever.On RHS
Thickness of Deck at Face of Support of Cantilever.On RHS

=
=
=
=

1.500
0.225
0.225
0.225

m
m
m
m

0.450 m2

0.450 m2

0.450 m2

0.000 m2

On LHS
Area of Crash barrier/End Railing
Footway
kerb (wheel guard) /Crash barrier

=
=
=

Length
0.500 m x
1.500 m x
0.500 m x

Depth
0.900 m
0.300 m
0.900 m

On RHS
Area of Crash barrier/End Railing
Footway
kerb (wheel guard) /Crash barrier

=
=
=

Length
0.500 m x
0.000 m x
0.000 m x

Depth
0.900 m
0.000 m
0.900 m

Number of Lane for design purpose

Designing slab for width

1.0

=
=
=
=

2.2
2.5
40
500

t/m3
t/m3
N/mm2
N/mm2

Material Properties:
Density of Wearing Coat
Density of Concrete
Chararcteristic Strength of Concrete,
Yield Strength of Steel,

fck
fy

Dead Load & SIDL Calculations


Uniformly Distributed Load :
Description

No.

Deck (bet.long.girders)
wearing coat (carriageway)
Left Cant.Deck(sup.)
Left Cant.Deck(free end)
Right Cant.Deck(sup.)
Right Cant.Deck(free end)
Left Footway slab
Right Footway slab

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Width
m
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000

Depth
m
0.225
0.065
0.225
0.225
0.225
0.225
0.300
0.000

Area
m2
0.225
0.065
0.225
0.225
0.225
0.225
0.300
0.000

Length
m

Length
m

Depth
m

Area
m2

Width
m

Density
t/m3
2.500
2.200
2.500
2.500
2.500
2.500
2.500
2.500

Total Load
t/m
0.563
0.200
0.563
0.563
0.563
0.563
0.750
0.000

Density
t/m3

Total Load
t

Concentrated Load:
Description

No.

On LHS
Crash Barrier
Kerb
On RHS
Crash Barrier
Kerb

1
1

0.450
0.450

1.000
1.000

2.500
2.500

1.125
1.125

1
1

0.450
0.000

1.000
1.000

2.500
2.500

1.125
0.000

Footway Live Load Calculations

IRC:6-2000,Cl.209.4

(i) For effective span of 7.5 m or less, footway live load P = 500 kg/m2
(ii) For effective span of over 7.5 m but not exceeding 30 m, the intensity of load,
where, P' = 500 kg/m2
L = Effective span of main girder in m

P = P' - 40L - 300


9

(iii) For effective span of over 30 m, the intensity of load,


P = P' -

260

4800
L

16.5 - W
15

where, W = Width of Footway in m

So, Footway live load on LHS

456.89 kg/m2

0.45

t/m2

So, Footway live load on RHS

0.00 kg/m2

0.00

t/m2

Live Load Calculation

Axle
Load (t) Vw (m)
70
2.9

Vehicle
70R Tracked
20t boggie
(For Tyre)
Class A

B (m)
4.57

W (m)
0.84

f (m)
1.2

g (m)
1.2

Impact
Min.Dist.bet.s Factor
uccessive (internal
Span)
axles (m)
1.25

Impact
Factor
(Canti.
Span)
1.25

20

2.79

0.263

0.86
0.36

1.2

1.2

1.22

1.25

1.25

11.4

2.3

0.25

0.5

0.15

1.2

1.2

1.500

1.50

Where,
Vw
B
W
f
g

=
=
=
=
=

Outer to outer dist.of wheels of axles across the direction of motion


Ground Contact Area of Wheels in the direction of Motion
Ground Contact Area of Wheels Across the direction of Motion
IRC:6-2000, cl.207.1.3
Minimum Clearance of Outer edge of wheel from kerb, f
Minimum Clearance between the Outer edges passing or crossing vehicles on
multi-lane bridges, g

For 20t boggie


Tyre contact area over road surface

=
=
=

Tyre width across the dir.of motion

Tyre width along dir.of motion

Actual max. tyre load


Max. tyre pressure
5
x 1000
5.273
948.23 cm2
410

948.23 *
360

50

360.00 mm

100

263.40 mm

Dispersion of load across span (Simply Supported):

IRC:21-2000,Cl.305.16.2

Effective width for a single concentrated load,


b ef = a a 1 - a
+ b1
lo
where, lo
a
b1
b
b/lo
a

=
=
=
=
=
=

Effective span
distance of c.g. of concentrated load from nearer support
width of concentration area of load
= tyre width B
width of slab
0.333
a constant depending upon the ratio of b/lo

2x

3.000 m

1.00

1.267

0.065

Dispersion of load across span (Cantilever) :

IRC:21-2000,Cl.305.16.2

Effective width for a single concentrated load,


b ef =
1.2 * a
+ b1

where,
a = distance of c.g. of concentrated load from face of cantilever support
b1 = width of concentration area of load
= tyre width B + 2 x

Dispersion of load along span:


= W (m)

2x (

0.065 + deck thk.

0.065
IRC:21-2000,Cl.305.16.3

Dispersion calculation for 2-Lane Class-A Live Load on Deck Slab As per IRC21-2000, Clause 305.16
Class
1

A Tow Lane

0.9

1.8
1.200
1.2
0.600

1.7

1.8
0.10
-1.700
0.1

4.700

-1.200

1.80

3.100

1.30

2.900
1.300
1.500

3.00

Dispersion along the span =

b1=

Beffective for Load (1)

0.5

1.08

mt

0.25

2 x ( 0.225

0.38

mt

1.2

xa

+b1

1.2 x

0.600

1.1

mt

0.065

1.7

1.300
-0.100

-1.30

3.00

1.500

0.065

x2

0.38

Combined eff width

1.1

mt

Beffective for Load (1)

1.2

xa

+b1

1.2 x

0.000

mt

Combined eff width

mt

Beffective for Load (2)

(l-a/l0)

+b1

2.60 x

1.200

x( 1 -

1.200

3.0

) +

0.38

2.252

mt
mt
(l-a/l0)
0.100
mt
mt
(l-a/l0)
1.300
mt
mt

+b1
x( 1 -

0.100

3.0

) +

0.38

+b1
x( 1 -

0.6313
1.300

3.0

) +

0.38

1.726
a
2.60 x
0.6313
0.6313
a
2.60 x
2.2953
1.7477

Combined eff width


Beffective for Load (3)

=
=

Combined eff width


Beffective for Load (4)

=
=

Combined eff width

UDL of
1.1

2.80

Tyre

5.70 x

1.5 /(

1.08

7.20

t/m2

Tyre

5.70 x

1.5 /(

1.08

1.726 )

4.59

t/m2

Tyre

5.70 x

1.5 /(

1.08

0.6313 )

12.54

t/m2

Tyre

5.70 x

1.5 /(

1.08

1.7477 )

4.53

t/m2

Dispersion calculation for 20T Boggie Axle Live Load on Deck Slab As per IRC21-2000, Clause 305.16
2

20 T Boggie axle ( Eccentrically placed)

1
2.130

2
1.93

0.630

0.440

-0.63

2.37

-0.440

3.440

2.560
1.500

3.00

Dispersion along the span =

3.00

0.81

1.39

mt

0.263

0.393

mt

1.2

xa

+b1

1.2 x

0.000

mt

Combined eff width

mt

Beffective for Load (1)

0
or
a

(l-a/l0)

+b1

2.60 x

0.630

x( 1 -

1.687

mt

b1=

Beffective for Load (1)

2x(

0.065

Combined eff width

1.4435

mt

Beffective for Load (2)

(l-a/l0)

+b1

2.60 x

0.440

x( 1 -

1.3692

mt

1.2846

mt

Combined eff width

0.225

1.500

0.065 )

x2

0.630

3.0

) +

0.393

0.440

3.0

) +

0.39

UDL of
Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.44351 )

6.23

t/m2

Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.28461 )

7.00

t/m2

Dispersion calculation for 20T Boggie Axle Live Load on Deck Slab As per IRC21-2000, Clause 305.16
3

20 T Boggie axle ( Centrally placed)

2
1.93

0.535

0.535
2.465
2.465

1.500

3.00

Dispersion along the span =

b1=

Beffective for Load (1)

3.00

0.81

1.39

mt

0.263

0.393

mt

2 x ( 0.225

0.065

(l-a/l0) +b1

1.5359

mt
mt

1.368

Beffective for Load (3)

3.0 ) +

0.39

3.0 ) +

0.39

(l-a/l0) +b1

2.60 x 0.535 x( 1 - 0.535

Combined eff width

0.065 )

x2

2.60 x 0.535 x( 1 - 0.535

Combined eff width

1.500

1.5359

mt

1.368

mt

UDL of
Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.37 )

6.57

t/m2

Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.37 )

6.57

t/m2

Dispersion calculation for 20T Boggie Axle Live Load on Deck Slab As per IRC21-2000, Clause 305.16
4

20 T Boggie axle ( Centrally placed) on interior span

2
1.93

0.535

0.535
2.465
2.465

4.500

3.00

Dispersion along the span =

b1=

Beffective for Load (1)

1.50

0.81

1.39

mt

0.263

0.393

mt

2 x ( 0.225

0.065

(l-a/l0) +b1

1.5359

mt
mt

1.368

Beffective for Load (3)

3.0 ) +

0.39

3.0 ) +

0.39

(l-a/l0) +b1

2.60 x 0.535 x( 1 - 0.535

Combined eff width

0.065 )

x2

2.60 x 0.535 x( 1 - 0.535

Combined eff width

1.500

1.5359

mt

1.368

mt

UDL of
Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.37 )

6.57

t/m2

Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.37 )

6.57

t/m2

Dispersion calculation for 20T Boggie Axle Live Load on Deck Slab As per IRC21-2000, Clause 305.16
5

20 T Boggie axle ( Centrally placed) on interior support

2
1.93
0.965 0.965

2.035
2.035
1.500

3.00

Dispersion along the span =

b1=

Beffective for Load (1)

3.00

0.81

1.39

mt

0.263

0.393

mt

2 x ( 0.225

0.065

(l-a/l0) +b1

2.0949

mt
mt

1.6475

Beffective for Load (3)

3.0 ) +

0.39

3.0 ) +

0.39

(l-a/l0) +b1

2.60 x 0.965 x( 1 - 0.965

Combined eff width

0.065 )

x2

2.60 x 0.965 x( 1 - 0.965

Combined eff width

1.500

2.0949

mt

1.6475

mt

UDL of
Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.65 )

5.46

t/m2

Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.65 )

5.46

t/m2

Dispersion calculation for 20T Boggie Axle Live Load on Deck Slab As per IRC21-2000, Clause 305.16
6

20 T Boggie axle ( Centrally placed) on central support

2
1.93
0.965 0.965

2.035
2.035
4.500

3.00

Dispersion along the span =

b1=

Beffective for Load (1)

3.00

0.81

1.39

mt

0.263

0.393

mt

2 x ( 0.225

0.065

(l-a/l0) +b1

2.0949

mt
mt

1.6475

Beffective for Load (3)

3.0 ) +

0.39

3.0 ) +

0.39

(l-a/l0) +b1

2.60 x 0.965 x( 1 - 0.965

Combined eff width

0.065 )

x2

2.60 x 0.965 x( 1 - 0.965

Combined eff width

1.500

2.0949

mt

1.6475

mt

UDL of
Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.65 )

5.46

t/m2

Tyre

12.5

/(

1.39

1.65 )

5.46

t/m2

Design of Solid RCC Slab


Material Properties:
Table 6.5
Table 18.1

Chararcteristic Strength of Concrete,


Yield Strength of Steel,
Partial material safety factor for concrete
Partial material safety factor for Steel

N/mm2
N/mm2

m =
s =

1.5

basic & seismic

1.15

basic & seismic

= 200000 N/mm2
fctm = 3.03 N/mm2
fywd = 347.83 N/mm2

Tensile Strength of Concrete = 0.259*(fck)0.67


Design yield strength of shear reinforcement
fywd = 0.8*fyk/s

cu3 = 0.0035
Ecm = 33346 N/mm2

Ultimate compressive strain in the concrete


Modulus of elasticity of concrete=22*(fcm/12.5)0.3

for Balance section

40
500

Es

Modulus of elasticity of reinforcement of steel


Anx A-2 & Tb:6.5

=
=

fck
fyk

Modular ratio e = (Es/Ecm)

e = 5.9978

Ultimate tensile strain in the steel (s) =


[{fy/(sEs)}+0.002]

= 0.0042

Coefficient to consider the influence of concrete strength


Factor ()
Factor ()
fcd = (*fck/gm)

= 0.67
=
0.8
=
1
= 0.447fck = 17.867 N/mm2
= 1.2472
= 0.456 d

Creep Coefficient (taking long term of creep)


{cu3/(cu3+s)}*d
Limiting Neutral Axis Depth

for Balance section

Limiting value of R = Qlim


0.36*fck*(Xulim/d)*{1-0.42*(Xulim/d)}

IRC:6-2010

Factors for Limit State Design:

fcd

Xulim

5.31

Rare

SLS
Quasi-perm

Frequent

1.35

1.00

1.00

1.00

SIDL-except
surfacing

1.35

1.00

1.00

1.00

SIDL-surfacing

1.75

1.00

1.00

1.00

Live load-Leading

1.50

1.00

0.00

0.75

Live loadAccompanying

1.15

0.75

0.00

0.20

Type of Load

ULS

Dead Load

Factored moment in ULS from STAAD (support)

9.93

tm

Factored moment in ULS from STAAD (span)

6.52

tm

Factored moment in rare combination (SLS) from STAAD (support)

6.8

tm

Factored moment in rare combination (SLS) from STAAD (span)

4.4

tm

Factored moment in Quasi-permanent (SLS) from STAAD (support)

2.139 tm

Factored moment in Quasi-permanent (SLS) from STAAD (span)

0.522 tm

Design for Flexure


Sagging Moment:
Depth of member
Width of Member
Clear Cover,
Dia.of Bar
Effective Depth of Slab, d

=
=
=
=
=

Bending Moment due to Applied Loads, Muls

63.91 kNm

=
=

42.94 kNm
5.12 kNm

Required effective depth of slab


SQRT(63.91*10^6/ (5.31*1000))

= Sqrt(M/(Q*B))

109.7 mm

4.6 * Mu
1 1

fck*b * d 2

2
875 mm

Ast minimum = 0.26(fctm/fyk)*b*d or 0.0013*b*d

2
282.0 mm

Hence, Ast required,

2
874.6 mm

Ast=

fyk

So, providing 12 mm diameter bars @


Hence, Ast provided,
Percentage steel provided

Check for Area of steel reqd.

Cl 16.6.1.1 (4) IRC:112

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

SLS Moment (Rare Combination)


SLS Moment (Quasi-permanent Combination)

Area of Main Reinforcement:


0.5 fck* b * d
Ast required =
Cl 16.5.1.1 IRC:112

225
1000
40
12
179.0

110

mm spacing
=
=

A st provided

>=

2
1028.2 mm /m
0.6 %

A st required

OK

Spacing provided, Sprov

110 mm

Maximum spacing, Smax = lesser of 2h and 250mm

250 mm

Check for Spacing

S max >=

S prov

OK

Stress Check :Dist. of Netural Axis from Top = Xu


[-e*Ast-sqrt{(e*Ast)^2-4*(0.5*b)*(-e*Ast)}]/b

Compr. Stress for other load=M/(Area of comp.*LA)

12.6

Tensile Stress for other load=M/(Area of Tension*LA)

252.7 < 400 Mpa

Depth of member
Width of Member
Clear Cover,
Dia.of Bar
Effective Depth of Slab, d

=
=
=
=
=

225
1000
40
16
177.0

41.222 mm

<

19.2 Mpa

Hogging Moment:
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Bending Moment due to Applied Loads, Muls

97.34 kNm

SLS Moment (Rare Combination)


SLS Moment (Quasi-permanent Combination)

=
=

66.73 kNm
20.98 kNm

Required effective depth of slab = Sqrt(M/(Q*B))


SQRT(97.34*10^6/ (12.6065623877732*1000))

135.4 mm

Area of Main Reinforcement:


0.5 fck* b * d
Ast required =
Cl 16.5.1.1 IRC:112

4.6 * Mu
1 1

fck
*b * d 2

2
1404 mm

Ast minimum = 0.26(fctm/fyk)*b*d or 0.0013*b*d

2
278.9 mm

Hence, Ast required,

2
1404.1 mm

=
=

2
1827.8 mm /m
1.0 %

Ast=

fyk

So, providing 16 mm diameter bars @


and
0 mm diameter bars @
Hence, Ast provided,
Percentage steel provided

Check for Area of steel reqd.

Cl 16.6.1.1 (4) IRC:112

110
110

A st provided

mm spacing
mm spacing

>=

A st required

OK

Spacing provided, Sprov

110 mm

Maximum spacing, Smax = lesser of 2h and 250mm

250 mm

S max >=

Check for Spacing

S prov

OK

Stress Check :Dist. of Netural Axis from Top = Xu


[-e*Ast-sqrt{(e*Ast)^2-4*(0.5*b)*(-e*Ast)}]/b

Compr. Stress for other load=M/(Area of comp.*LA)

16.0

Tensile Stress for other load=M/(Area of Tension*LA)

228.8 < 400 Mpa

52.291 mm

< 19.2 Mpa

a) At Bottom
Area of the main reinforcement (Ast)

= 1028.2 mm

Cl 16.6.1.1(3) IRC 112

Area of transverse reinforcement required (0.2 Ast)

= 205.63 mm

Min area of surface reinforcement (0.01Act.ext)

400 mm

Cl 16.5.4(4) IRC 112

Min area of reinforcement at bottom face (0.12% of b.d)

270 mm

Area of distribution steel required (max of above 3)

400 mm
10 mm
150 mm

Spacing of bars to be used for distribution reinforcement

=
=
=

Area of steel provided =

523.6 mm

Dia of bars to be used for distribution reinforcement

78.54

Check for Area of steel reqd.

x
150

1000

A st provided

>=

A st required

Spacing provided, Sprov


Cl 16.6.1.1 (4) IRC:112

Maximum spacing, Smax = lesser of 3h and 400mm

Check for Spacing

S max >=

OK

150 mm

400 mm

S prov

Hence provide 10mm dia bars @ 150mm c/c spacing at bottom of slab

OK

b) At Top
Area of the main reinforcement (Ast)

= 1827.8 mm

Cl 16.6.1.1(3) IRC 112

Area of transverse reinforcement required (0.2 Ast)

= 365.57 mm

Min area of surface reinforcement (0.01Act.ext)

400 mm

Cl 16.5.4(4) IRC 112

Min area of reinforcement at bottom face (0.12% of b.d)

270 mm

Area of distribution steel required (max of above 3)

400 mm
10 mm
150 mm

Spacing of bars to be used for distribution reinforcement

=
=
=

Area of steel provided =

523.6 mm

Dia of bars to be used for distribution reinforcement

78.54

Check for Area of steel reqd.

x
150

1000

A st provided

>=

A st required

Spacing provided, Sprov


Cl 16.6.1.1 (4) IRC:112

Maximum spacing, Smax = lesser of 3h and 400mm

S max >=

Check for Spacing

OK

150 mm

400 mm

S prov

OK

Hence provide 10mm dia bars @ 150mm c/c spacing at top of slab
Cl 12.3.4 IRC 112

CALCULATION OF CRACK WIDTH

For bottom
Crack width ,
sm-cm =

sc

=
30.1 N/mm2
=
0.5
=
3.03 N/mm2
= 3.2171
= 5.9978
= 0.0001
For the case of deformed bars associated with pure bending, as per Eq. 12.11 of IRC:112-2011
eq =
= 12.0 mm
n i `2i
Kt
fct,eff
p,eff = As/Ac,eff
e
= Es/Ecm
sm-cm

n
i

= 136.63

0.01

mm < 0.3 mm

As per Cl.12.3 Table 12.1

For top
Crack width ,
sm-cm =

sc

=
71.9 N/mm2
=
0.5
=
3.03 N/mm2
= 5.7861
= 5.9978
= 0.0003
For the case of deformed bars associated with pure bending, as per Eq. 12.11 of IRC:112-2011
eq =
= 16.0 mm
n i `2i
Kt
fct,eff
p,eff = As/Ac,eff
e
= Es/Ecm
sm-cm

n
i

= 136.47

Cl 12.4 IRC 112

0.04

mm < 0.3 mm

As per Cl.12.3 Table 12.1

CALCULATION OF DEFLECTION
Deflection, for simply supported member

= 5ML2/48EI

I, Moment of Inertia of section

9E+08 mm

Ec, Modulus of Elasticity

33346 N/mm

4
2

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

ho = 2Ac / u

= 220.86 mm

, creep coefficient

Ec,eff,effective modulus of elasticity = Ec/(1+)

Moment due to slab selfweight

0.63 tm

Moment due to SIDL (surfacing)

0.16 tm

Moment due to SIDL (except surfacing)

1.46 tm

Total moment due to sustained loading

2.26 tm

(Permanent loads)

Moment due to vehicular loading

4.67 tm

(Live loads)

7E+08 mm

1.25
14839 N/mm

A) Deflection due to vehicular loading


Table3.3 IRC:6-2010

12.4.1.(2) IRC:112-2011

M, moment (including factor of 0.75 for freq combi)

= 3.4995 tm

L, length

E, Modulus of elasticity

3.00 m
33346 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

7E+08 mm

Deflection ()

1.481 mm

Permissible deflection due to vehicular traffic

=
=

Hence the deflection is

Within permissible limit

L/800
3.75 mm

B) Deflection due to sustained loading


i) For short term deflection,
Table3.3 IRC:6-2010

M, moment (including factors for freq combi)

L, length

E, Modulus of elasticity

33346 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of section

9E+08 mm

Deflection ()

0.668 mm

2.26 tm
3.00 m
2

ii) Deflection due to creep,


acc(perm) = aicc(perm) - ai(perm)

For aicc(perm)
M, moment

L, length
Ec,eff ,Effective modulus of elasticity

=
=

3.00 m
2
14839 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

7E+08 mm

Deflection ()

2.15 mm

M, moment

2.26 t/m

L, length

Ec,eff ,Effective modulus of elasticity

3.00 m
2
33346 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

7E+08 mm

Deflection ()

0.95 mm

2.26 t/m

For ai(perm)

acc(perm) =
=

2.15 1.20 mm

0.95

iii) Deflection due to shrinkage,


acs = k3 * cs * L2
Where, k3 is a constant representing effect of support conditions
k3 = 0.063 for continuous members
cs= 1/ rcs As per Cl: 12.4.2, shrinkage curvature
1 = cs * e * S/I
rcs
As per Cl: 6.4.2.6, total shrinkage strain is given by

cs =

cd + ca
-6

55 x 10
kh
* cd'
=

ca =
table 6.6, page 45

cd

table 6.7, page 45

kh =

0.829

cd' =

466

for relative humidity

50 %

-6
cd = 386.31 x 10

Therefore,

cs = 0.0004
e = 13.48
S

23648 mm

9E+08 mm

cs = 1E-07
acs

0.08 mm

Total Deflection = Short term deflection+ Deflection due to creep + Deflection due to Shrinkage
Total Deflection =

1.95 mm

Design of Deck Slab Beyond Diaphragm


1 A
Class
652

Depth

0.35

Wearing Coat

Cantilever Span

0.55

0.5

0.25
Wearing coat thickness
Total load/Axle =
Distance between two wheel
Distance between two Axle
Min. dist. Between face of kerb and outer edge of wheel
Ground Contact Area of Tyre W = Width
Ground Contact Area of Tyre B = Breath

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.065
11.4
1.8
1.2
0.15
0.5
0.250

m
t
m
m
m
m
m

Cantilever slab projection beyond diaphragm has been checked for 40t boggie load,
for the wheel placing as shown in above fig.
b1
(0.5-2*0.05)+2*(0.065)

0.53 m

a
0.55-(0.25/2)

0.425 m

Effective width at support


1.2*0.425+0.53

Net Effective Width =


1.04*0.5+0.5*0.5

0.770 m

Moment due to DL
0.35*2.5*0.55*0.55/2

0.132 tm

Moment due to SIDL


0.065*2.2*0.55*0.55/2

0.022 tm

Moment due to LL
11.4*1.5*0.425/0.77

9.438 tm

Total Moment at support


9.438+0.132+0.022

9.592 tm

1.04 m
>1.2m over lap

IRC:6-2010

Factors for Limit State Design:

Rare

SLS
Quasi-perm

Frequent

1.35

1.00

1.00

1.00

SIDL-except
surfacing

1.35

1.00

1.00

1.00

SIDL-surfacing

1.75

1.00

1.00

1.00

Live load-Leading

1.50

1.00

0.00

0.75

Live loadAccompanying

1.15

0.75

0.00

0.20

Type of Load

ULS

Dead Load

ULS factored moment due to DL

0.178 tm

ULS factored moment due to SIDL

0.039 tm

ULS factored moment due to LL

14.16 tm

Total ULS factored Moment

14.37 tm

Rare Combination factored moment due to DL

0.132 tm

Rare Combination factored moment due to SIDL

0.022 tm

Rare Combination factored moment due to LL

9.438 tm

Total Rare Combination factored Moment

9.592 tm

Quasi-permanent Combination factored moment due to DL

0.132 tm

Quasi-permanent Combination factored moment due to SIDL

0.022 tm

Quasi-permanent Combination factored moment due to LL

0 tm

Total Quasi-permanent Combination factored Moment

0.154 tm

Design for Flexure


350
1000
40
16
302.0

Depth of member
Width of Member
Clear Cover,
Dia.of Bar
Effective Depth of Slab, d

=
=
=
=
=

Bending Moment due to Applied Loads, Muls

= 140.96 kNm

SLS Moment (Rare Combination)


SLS Moment (Quasi-permanent Combination)

=
=

94.07 kNm
1.51 kNm

Required effective depth of slab


SQRT(140.96*10^6/ (*1000))

162.9 mm

= Sqrt(M/(Q*B))

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Area of Main Reinforcement:


Ast required = Ast= 0.5 fck*b * d 1 1 4.6* Mu

mm2

fck*b * d

Ast minimum = 0.26(fctm/fyk)*b*d or 0.0013*b*d

mm2

Hence, Ast required,

mm2

=
=

mm2/m
%

fyk

Cl 16.5.1.1 IRC:112

So, providing
mm diameter bars @
Hence, Ast provided,
Percentage steel provided

Check for Area of steel reqd.

Cl 16.6.1.1 (4) IRC:112

mm spacing

A st provided

>=

A st required

OK

Spacing provided, Sprov

mm

Maximum spacing, Smax = lesser of 2h and 250mm

mm

S max >=

Check for Spacing

S prov

OK

Stress Check :Dist. of Netural Axis from Top = Xu


[-e*Ast-sqrt{(e*Ast)^2-4*(0.5*b)*(-e*Ast)}]/b

mm

Compr. Stress for other load=M/(Area of comp.*LA)

<

Mpa

Tensile Stress for other load=M/(Area of Tension*LA)

<

Mpa

Area of the main reinforcement (Ast)

mm

Cl 16.6.1.1(3) IRC 112

Area of transverse reinforcement required (0.2 Ast)

mm

Cl 16.5.4(4) IRC 112

Min area of surface reinforcement (0.01Act.ext)

mm

Min area of reinforcement at bottom face (0.12% of b.d)

mm

Area of distribution steel required (max of above 3)

mm
mm
mm

Spacing of bars to be used for distribution reinforcement

=
=
=

Area of steel provided =

mm

Distribution Reinforcement
a) At Top

Dia of bars to be used for distribution reinforcement

Check for Area of steel reqd.

A st provided

>=

A st required

Spacing provided, Sprov


Cl 16.6.1.1 (4) IRC:112

Maximum spacing, Smax = lesser of 3h and 400mm

Check for Spacing

S max >=

S prov

Hence provide 10mm dia bars @ 150mm c/c spacing at bottom of slab

OK
mm
mm

OK

b) At Bottom
Cl 16.5.4(4) IRC 112

Min area of surface reinforcement (0.01Act.ext)

400 mm

Area of the distribution reinforcement required


Dia of bars to be used for distribution reinforcement
Spacing of bars to be used for distribution reinforcement

=
=
=

400 mm
10 mm
150 mm

Area of steel provided =

523.6 mm

78.54

x
150

1000

A st provided

Check for Area of steel reqd.


Spacing provided, Sprov
Cl 16.6.1.1 (4) IRC:112

>=
=

Maximum spacing, Smax = lesser of 3h and 400mm

S max >=

Check for Spacing

A st required OK
150 mm
400 mm

S prov

OK

Hence provide 10mm dia bars @ 150mm c/c spacing at top of slab

Cl 12.3.4 IRC 112

CALCULATION OF CRACK WIDTH

Crack width ,
sm -cm =

sc

=
4.0 N/mm2
=
0.5
=
3.03 N/mm2
= 4.288
= 5.998
= 1E-05
For the case of deformed bars associated with pure bending, as per Eq. 12.11 of IRC:112-2011
eq =
= 16.0 mm
n i `2i
Kt
fct,eff
p,eff = As/Ac,eff
e
= Es/Ecm
sm -cm

n
i

Cl 12.4 IRC 112

136.6

0.00

mm < 0.3 mm

As per Cl.12.3 Table 12.1

CALCULATION OF DEFLECTION
Deflection, for simply supported member

= 5ML2/48EI

I, Moment of Inertia of section

= 4E+09 mm4

Ec, Modulus of Elasticity

= 33346 N/mm2

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section


ho = 2Ac / u

= 3E+09 mm4
=

, creep coefficient

Ec,eff,effective modulus of elasticity = Ec/(1+)

= 14839 N/mm

Moment due to slab selfweight

0.13 tm

Moment due to SIDL

0.02 tm

Total moment due to sustained loading

0.15 tm

Moment due to vehicular loading

9.438 tm

220.9 mm

1.25
2

(Permanent loads)
(Live loads)

A) Deflection due to vehicular loading


Table3.3 IRC:6-2010

M, moment (including factor of 0.75 for freq combi)

7.079 tm

L, length

0.550 m

E, Modulus of elasticity

= 33346 N/mm2

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

= 3E+09 mm4

Deflection ()

12.4.1.(2) IRC:112-2011 Permissible

0.027 mm

= L/800

deflection due to vehicular traffic

0.688 mm

M, moment (including factors for freq combi)

0.15 tm

L, length

0.550 m

E, Modulus of elasticity

= 33346 N/mm2

Ir, Moment of Inertia of section

= 4E+09 mm4

Deflection ()

0.000 mm

M, moment

0.15 t/m

L, length
Ec,eff ,Effective modulus of elasticity

0.550 m
2
= 14839 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

= 3E+09 mm4

Deflection ()

0.001 mm

M, moment

0.15 t/m

L, length
Ec,eff ,Effective modulus of elasticity

0.550 m
2
= 33346 N/mm

Ir, Moment of Inertia of cracked section

= 3E+09 mm4

Deflection ()

Hence the deflection is

Within permissible limit

B) Deflection due to sustained loading


i) For short term deflection,
Table3.3 IRC:6-2010

ii) Deflection due to creep,


acc(perm) = aicc(perm) - ai(perm)

For aicc(perm)

For ai(perm)

acc(perm) =
=

0.001 mm
0.001 0.000 mm

0.001

iii) Deflection due to shrinkage,


acs = k3 * cs * L2
Where, k3 is a constant representing effect of support conditions
k3 = 0.5 for cantilevers
cs= 1/ rcs As per Cl: 12.4.2, shrinkage curvature
1 = cs * e * S/I
rcs
As per Cl: 6.4.2.6, total shrinkage strain is given by
cs = cd + ca

55 x 10
kh
* cd'
=

ca =
table 6.6, page 45

cd

table 6.7, page 45

kh =

0.829

cd' =

466

-6

for relative humidity

cd = 386.3 x 10

50 %

-6

Therefore,
cs = 4E-04

e = 13.48
S

= 32170 mm3

= 4E+09 mm4

cs = 5E-08
acs

= 0.0081 mm

Total Deflection = Short term deflection+ Deflection due to creep + Deflection due to Shrinkage
Total Deflection = 0.009 mm