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VMware Inc.

VMware's Promontory Campus headquarters,Palo Alto, California



Traded as



Computer software


Acquired by EMC


Palo Alto, California, USA, 1998; 17 years ago


Diane Greene
Mendel Rosenblum
Scott Devine
Edward Wang
Edouard Bugnion


Palo Alto, California, USA

Key people

Joseph M. Tucci (Chairman)

Carl M. Eschenbach (COO)

Pat Gelsinger (CEO)

vSphere, ESX Server, ESXi


Server, Workstation, Fusion,Player, Server, VMware

Service Manager, ThinApp,View, ACE, Lab
Manager,Infrastructure, Converter, Site Recovery
Manager, Stage Manager, vCenter Orchestrator,
vCenter Operations Management Suite, VMware


US$ 6.035 billion (2014)


US$ 1.027 billion (2014)

Net income

US$ 0.86 billion (2014)

Total assets

US$ 15.216 billion (2014)

Total equity

US$ 7.586 billion (2014)

Number of

18,000 (December 31, 2014)[1]



EMC Corporation (since 2004)



VMware, Inc. is a U.S. software company that provides cloud and virtualization software and
services,[2][3][4] and claims to be the first to commercially successfully virtualize the x86
architecture.[5] Founded in 1998, VMware is based in Palo Alto, California. In 2004 it was acquired
by and became a subsidiary of EMC Corporation, then on August 14, 2007, EMC sold 15% of the
company in a New York Stock Exchange IPO. The company trades under the symbol VMW.[6]
VMware's desktop software runs on Microsoft Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X, while
its enterprise software hypervisors for servers,VMware ESX and VMware ESXi, are baremetal hypervisors that run directly on server hardware without requiring an additional
underlying operating system.[7]

1 History

1.1 Acquisitions

1.2 Litigation

2 Core product design

3 Products

3.1 Desktop software

3.2 Server software

3.3 Cloud management software

3.4 Virtual desktop infrastructure

3.5 Application Management

3.6 Backup software

3.7 Networking and security products

4 See also

5 References

6 External links

In 1998, VMware was founded by Diane Greene, Mendel Rosenblum, Scott Devine, Edward
Wang and Edouard Bugnion. Greene and Rosenblum, who are married, first met while at
the University of California, Berkeley.[8] Edouard Bugnion remained the chief architect and CTO of
VMware until 2005,[9] and went on to found Nuova Systems (now part of Cisco). For the first year,
VMware operated in stealth mode, with roughly 20 employees by the end of 1998. The company
was launched officially early in the second year, in February 1999, at the DEMO
Conference organized by Chris Shipley.[10] The first product, VMware Workstation, was delivered
in May 1999,[11] and the company entered the server market in 2001 with VMware GSX Server
(hosted) and VMware ESX Server (hostless).[12]
In 2003, VMware launched VMware Virtual Center, the VMotion, and Virtual SMP technology. 64bit support appeared in 2004. The same year, the company was acquired by EMC Corporation
for US$625 million.[13]
In August 2007, EMC released 15% of the company's shares in VMware in an initial public
offering on the New York Stock Exchange. The stock debuted at US$29 per share and closed the
day at $51.[14]
On July 8, 2008, VMware co-founder, president and CEO Diane Greene, was unexpectedly fired
by the VMware Board of Directors and replaced by Paul Maritz, a retired 14-year Microsoft
veteran who was heading EMC's cloud computing business unit.[15] In the same news release
VMware stated that 2008 revenue growth will be "modestly below the previous guidance of 50%
growth over 2007". As a result, market price of VMware dropped nearly 25%. Then, on
September 10, 2008, Rosenblum, the company's chief scientist, resigned.
On September 16, 2008, VMware announced its collaboration with Cisco to provide joint data
center solutions. One of the first results of this is the Cisco Nexus 1000V, a distributed virtual
software switch that will be an integrated option in the VMware infrastructure. [16]

On April 12, 2011, VMware released an open source platform-as-a-service system called Cloud
Foundry, as well as a hosted version of the service. This supported application deployment
for Java, Ruby on Rails, Sinatra, Node.js, and Scala, as well as database support
for MySQL, MongoDB, Redis, Postgres, RabbitMQ.[17]
In March 2013, VMware gave details of a spin-off of Pivotal. All of VMware's application- and
developer-oriented products, including Spring, tc Server, Cloud Foundry, RabbitMQ, GemFire,
and SQLFire were transferred to this organization. [18] It also announced that it was introducing its
own IaaS service, vCloud Hybrid Service, in a shift of its strategy of selling software to cloud
service providers.[citation needed]
In April 2013, Pivotal was formally created with GE as a minority shareholder.[citation needed]
In May 2013, VMware launched vCloud Hybrid Service at its new Palo Alto headquarters (vCloud
Hybrid Service now known as vCloud Air),[19] announcing an early access program in a Las Vegas
data center. The service is designed to function as an extension of its customer's existing
vSphere installations, with full compatibility with existing virtual machines virtualized with VMware
software and tightly integrated networking. The service is based on vCloud Director 5.1/vSphere
5.1.[citation needed]
In September 2013 at VMworld San Francisco, VMware announced general availability of vCloud
Hybrid Service and expansion to Sterling, Virginia, Santa Clara, California,Dallas, Texas, and a
service beta in the UK. It also pre-announced a disaster recovery and desktop-as-a-service
offering based on Desktone, which it went on to acquire in October 2013. [citation needed]




October 2005

Asset Optimization Group

Specialized in capacity planning.[20]

June 2006

Akimbi Systems

Specialized in lab management.[21]

May 2008

B-hive Networks

VMware acquired the Israeli start-up for an

undisclosed sum. Following the acquisition VMware
opened an R&D center in Israel, based initially on BHives facilities and team in Israel.[22]

October 2008

Trango Virtual Processors

Was a Grenoble-based mobile hypervisor developer.


November 26, 2008 Tungsten Graphic

Core expertise in 3D graphics driver development.[24]

August 10, 2009

Performed enterprise and web application

development and management.[25] The acquisition
allowed use of the term platform as a service (PaaS).
The acquisition expanded VMware's education
services to include SpringSource University and its
authorized training partners such as Spring People in
India.[26] The SpringSource assets became part of





the Pivotal joint venture in April 2013.

January 12, 2010


Designed for open-source collaboration, it was

bought from Yahoo and (later sold in July 2013
to Telligent Systems).[citation needed]

May 6, 2010


Incorporated into VMware's SpringSource division.

April 26, 2011


A startup which developed a SaaS application for

building business presentations that are stored online.
Through a Web-based interface, users can handle all
parts of the process, from designing slides and
compiling content, to reviewing documents and
publishing and delivering them. VMware
subsequently sold SlideRocket to ClearSlide on
March 5, 2013.[citation needed]

May 22, 2012



July 2, 2012



July 23, 2012

Nicira Inc


February 11, 2013



October 15, 2013



January 22, 2014

AirWatch andWandering

Acquired for $1.54 billion.[33][34][35]

August 20, 2014

CloudVolumes (formerly


October 29, 2014



[citation needed]

In March 2015, the Software Freedom Conservancy announced it was funding litigation by
Christoph Hellwig against VMware for violation of his copyrights in its ESXi product. The case will
be heard in Hamburg, Germany.[38] The SFC claims VMware is using both the Linux
kernel and Busybox without respecting the terms of the GPL copyright license, while VMware
told journalists that it believed the case was without merit [39] and expressed disappointment that
Conservancy had resorted to litigation.[40]

Core product design[edit]

VMware developed a range of products, most notable of which are their hypervisors. VMware
became well known for their first type 2 hypervisor known as GSX. This product has since
evolved into two hypervisor products lines, VMware's type 1 hypervisors running directly on
hardware, along with their hosted type 2 hypervisors.
VMware software provides a completely virtualized set of hardware to the guest operating
system.[41] VMware software virtualizes the hardware for a video adapter, a network adapter, and
hard disk adapters. The host provides pass-through drivers for guest USB, serial, and parallel
devices. In this way, VMware virtual machines become highly portable between computers,
because every host looks nearly identical to the guest. In practice, a system administrator can
pause operations on a virtual machine guest, move or copy that guest to another physical
computer, and there resume execution exactly at the point of suspension. Alternatively, for
enterprise servers, a feature called vMotion allows the migration of operational guest virtual
machines between similar but separate hardware hosts sharing the same storage (or,
with vMotion Storage, separate storage can be used, too). Each of these transitions is completely
transparent to any users on the virtual machine at the time it is being migrated.
VMware Workstation, Server, and ESX take a more optimized path to running target operating
systems on the host than that of emulators (such as Bochs) which simulate the function of each
CPU instruction on the target machine one-by-one, or that of dynamic recompilation which
compiles blocks of machine-instructions the first time they execute, and then uses the translated
code directly when the code runs subsequently (Microsoft Virtual PC for Mac OS X takes this
approach.) VMware software does not emulate aninstruction set for different hardware not
physically present. This significantly boosts performance, but can cause problems when moving
virtual machine guests between hardware hosts using different instruction-sets (such as found in
64-bit Intel and AMD CPUs), or between hardware hosts with a differing number of CPUs.
Software that is CPU agnostic can usually survive such a transition, unless it is agnostic by
forking at startup, in which case, the software or the guest OS must be stopped before moving it,
then restarted after the move.
VMware's products predate the virtualization extensions to the x86 instruction set, and do not
require virtualization-enabled processors. On newer processors, the hypervisor is now designed
to take advantage of the extensions. However, unlike many other hypervisors, VMware still
supports older processors. In such cases, it uses the CPU to run code directly whenever possible
(as, for example, when running user-mode and virtual 8086 mode code on x86). When direct
execution cannot operate, such as with kernel-level andreal-mode code, VMware products
use Binary translation (BT) to re-write the code dynamically. The translated code gets stored in
spare memory, typically at the end of theaddress space, which segmentation mechanisms can
protect and make invisible. For these reasons, VMware operates dramatically faster than
emulators, running at more than 80% of the speed that the virtual guest operating-system would
run directly on the same hardware. In one study VMware claims a slowdown over native ranging
from 06 percent for the VMware ESX Server.[42]
VMware's approach avoids some of the difficulties of virtualization on x86-based platforms.
Virtual machines may deal with offending instructions by replacing them, or by simply running
kernel-code in user-mode. Replacing instructions runs the risk that the code may fail to find the
expected content if it reads itself; one cannot protect code against reading while allowing normal
execution, and replacing in-place becomes complicated. Running the code unmodified in user-

mode will also fail, as most instructions which just read the machine-state do not cause an
exception and will betray the real state of the program, and certain instructions silently change
behavior in user-mode. One must always rewrite; performing a simulation of the current program
counter in the original location when necessary and (notably) remapping hardware
code breakpoints.
Although VMware virtual machines run in user-mode, VMware Workstation itself requires the
installation of various drivers in the host operating-system, notably to dynamically switch
the Global Descriptor Table (GDT) and the Interrupt Descriptor Table (IDT).
The VMware product line can also run different operating systems on a dual-boot system
simultaneously by booting one partition natively while using the other as a guest within VMware

Desktop software[edit]

VMware Workstation (first product launched by VMware in 1999). This software suite
allows users to run multiple instances of x86 or x86-64 -compatible operating systems on a
single physical PC.

VMware Fusion provides similar functionality for users of the Intel Mac platform, along
with full compatibility with virtual machines created by other VMware products.

VMware Player is freeware for non-commercial use, without requiring a licence for
VMware Workstation or VMware Fusion; or for commercial use with permission. Player
versions before 3.0.1 could not create virtual machines.

Server software[edit]
VMware has produced two virtualization products for servers:
1. VMware vSphere[43] (also called "ESXi"), an enterprise-level product, can deliver greater
performance than the freeware VMware Server, due to lower system overhead. VMware
ESXi, as a "bare-metal" product, runs directly on the server hardware, allowing virtual
servers to also use hardware more or less directly. In addition, VMware ESXi integrates
into VMware vCenter, which offers extra services
2. VMware Server (formerly called "GSX Server"; obsolete as of 2011)[44] was[45] also
provided free of charge for non-commercial use, like VMware Player, and can also set
up virtual machines. As a "hosted" application, VMware Server runs within an
existing Linux or Windows operating system.

Cloud management software[edit]

VMware vRealize Suite - a cloud management platform purpose-built for the hybrid
VMware vCloud
VMware Go was a web-based service to guide users of any expertise level through the
installation and configuration of VMware vSphere Hypervisor. It was end-of-lifed in early

Virtual desktop infrastructure[edit]

VMware Horizon View, a virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) solution.

Application Management[edit]

VMware Workspace Portal - a self-service app store for workspace management


Backup software[edit]
In April 2011, EMC transferred control of Mozy to VMware.[47]
Mozy produced MozyHome and MozyPro.[48] MozyHome is the consumer version of the Mozy
backup service. It is available to buy on a monthly subscription.[49] MozyPro is the business
version of the Mozy backup service. MozyPro requires a separate license for each computer that
is being backed up, as well as a server license for any server that is being backed up. Customers
then pay per gigabyte of data they have in the data center.[50]

Networking and security products[edit]

vCloud Networking and Security was a software-defined networking and security solution, but as
of 18 April 2014 has been superseded by vSphere NSX, VMware's new software-defined data
center (SDDC). Compare VMware NSX.[51]

See also[edit]

Comparison of platform virtual machines

Hardware virtualization






Jump up^ "Form 10-K, Annual Report for Fiscal Year ended December 31, 2014".
Jump up^ "VMware leader in virtualization market".
Jump up^ Lohr, Steve (2009-08-31). "VMware market share more than 80%". The New
York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
Jump up^ "VMware, Hyper-V virtualization leave others in the dust".
Jump up^ "Understanding full virtualization, paravirtualization, and hardware assist".
2007-10-15. Retrieved 2014-12-11.