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Tips in getting the right answers for Reading

and Comprehension Exam


Stay calm and dont panic. As you open the
booklet, youll definitely see long passages and
paragraphs. Do not stress yourself into thinking wow
should I really have to read all of this? because you
really should darling Unless you dont want to pass
the test and just waste your chance.
Read with your eyes not with your mouth. Avoid
lips movement and whispering because reading with
your lips is time consuming besides it will distract
everyone. Reading with your eyes is also reading
with your mind, it will help you understand what you
are reading better.
Do not read word for word. Instead, read group of
words or sections at a time for they will help you get
the main topic of the paragraph. It will also help you
save time and finish the test on time.
Do not read the answers first before the
questions and the paragraph, it will only confuse you.
Read fast and understand what youre reading to get
the main idea of the whole passage. Questions are
always related about the main idea. What is the
main idea? It is simply the main topic and the
center of what is being talked about in the article.
Concentrate on the parts of the paragraph where the
possible answer can be found.
Take note of the following:
Main idea is simply what the story is mainly
about
Climax is the peak point or highlight of the
story
Plot is the pattern of events of the story
Conflict is the tension and struggle part of
the story
Setting is where and when the story takes
place
Best or alternative title is usually being
asked too so you must choose the best one
that talks about the main idea
Focus on reading and everything will be taken into
your mind like a movie playing inside your head. If
you focus, youll never be disturbed. If youre
disturbed by something in the room, you lose an
important key to ace this part of the test.
Tips in Paragraph Organization
Every paragraph, story or an article has a pattern
and your goal is to organize the whole pattern to
present the main thought chronologically. If its
hard for you, make an outline of each topic in the
sentences.
Watch out for signal words which indicates time or
events.
Watch out for the following signal words:
Order or sequence:

First, second, third, first and foremost,


afterwards, then, next, at last, until, finally,
lastly
Comparison: Similarities and differences:
But, however, on the other hand, than,
likewise, nonetheless, nevertheless, similarly,
oppose to, apparently
Cause and effect:
Because, hence, thus, therefore,
consequently, subsequently
Paragraph Organization Techniques:
1. Find the topic sentence. It usually contains the
main idea or the main topic
2. Next find the supporting sentences that
support that topic sentence.
3. Find the concluding sentence or the closing
sentence. It usually the final thought or
conclusion and marks the end of the article,
paragraph or story.
Tips to pass the Numerical Reasoning Test in
Civil Service Exam
Relax and just enjoy answering your Math
quizzes. If youre relaxed, youll never lose
focus and that is so important.
Know the basics of Math like adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing
fractions, ratios, decimals, and equations. If
you know these concepts, youll surely get
everything. Otherwise, you wont know what
to do. (see our techniques below)
You can use scratch paper for your
computations and solutions. Note that you will
also have to pass your scratch papers.
Love Math because it is easy for someone
who loves Math.
Focus in solving problems. Think, analyze, and
solve.
Pray before the exam. It always helps.

Techniques in Numerical Reasoning Test


For the purpose of reviewing better, Im going to
share here some concepts of Math because like I
said, you have to know the basics before you solve
everything. I know I have to share these because this
is an online reviewer in the first place. Reviewing is
practice.
Decimals:
For Addition and Subtraction, it is very simple and
easy. Just line up the given numbers though their
decimal point. If it has no decimal point, put one or
convert one. Put zeros to complement the numbers if
needed.

I remember there are many questions about


decimals when I took the exam. Lots involve with
multiplication and division. Same with fractions, I
think I enjoyed that part so much because fractions
are my thing.
Examples:
5.98 + 6 + = ______
1.25 + 1.5 + 7.875 ______
25 8.35 1.3 + _______

Addition and Subtraction of Fractions


In this process, the easiest way is to always simplify
the fractions by finding the LCD aka least common
denominator, then apply the operation. If the result is
improper fraction (numerator is bigger than

denominator), simplify it too by giving the mixed


number. Watch this helpful video.
How to Multiply and Divide Fractions?
To multiply fractions is easier. Just multiply both
the
numerator
then
multiply
both
the
denominator. Simplify the product is you must.
Example: x = 3/8
To divide fractions, inverse the second fraction
then we follow the rules in multiplication. You can
also cross-multiply the given fractions.
Example: How many 1/3s are there in ?
For Multiplication, dont take it too hard because it
is very simply too. Just multiply the numbers and
count the decimal places to the right of the given
numbers then move in that decimal (count) from the
right answer to the left.

Example: 3.05 x 1.4 =?

Converting Fractions to Decimals and


vice versa
In converting fractions to decimals, just divide the
numbers and round them off.
For Division, you have to divide the classic way by
making the divisor a whole number. You need to
move the decimal place to the right to make it a
whole number then do the same way with the
dividend. Add zeros to the dividend if necessary. See
example below.

Example: 0.35 1.4 (0.35 is the dividend


and 1.4 is the divisor here)

1/3=.333
5/8=.625
7/8 = .875
Another way is to find a number to multiply by the
denominator to make it 10, 100 or 1000

Fractions:
Some of the questions in Math and Quantitative
Numerical Reasoning tests involve with fractions
because they are also related to decimals, percent,
mixed numbers and algebraic expressions. Again, if
you master solving fractions, it will be a great edge
for you.

Examples:

Example:

Positive and Negative Numbers:


Addition and Subtraction
Positive + Positive = Positive
Negative + Negative = Negative
Positive + Negative = Subtract the two and
use the sign of the bigger number
Positive Negative = Change the sign of the
Subtrahend and follow the rules of Addition
Negative Negative = Change the sign of the
Subtrahend and follow the rules of Addition

Multiplication and Division:


Multiplying and dividing numbers
with similar sign equals Positive
( + x + = +) and ( x = + )
Multiplying and dividing numbers
with different signs equals
Negative ( + x = ) and ( x +
=)
Number Series and Sequence:
There are also logical sequence and
number series in this Math exam. Of
course you have to find the next number
from the pattern. You will know the right
answers by applying the same method
you used in a sequence to get the next
number or the next.
Examples:
3,5,7,9,11,13
2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128
Problem Solving:
We cannot miss to include this scope here because
every Math exam has problem solving. The key to
find the correct answers is to analyse the given case
well and understand what is being asked. Apply your
magical Math logic.