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ESTIMATING GUIDELINE

I. MECHANIZED ASPECT
A) CLEARING & GRUBBING
DOZER
(Horse Power)
120
140
160
180
200

0~50
360
420
480
540
600

PRODUCTION (m2/hr)
DENSE OF VEGETATION (No. of Trees per Hectares)
51~100
101~200
201~250
250
190
160
290
220
185
330
255
210
375
285
240
420
310
265

251 & >


130
150
170
195
215

B) EXCAVATION (COMMON MATERIALS)


B.1 - CRANE
CAPABILITY (m3/hr) BANK VOLUME
TONNAGES
Canal
Structure
Creek
10~15
15
10
10
15~20
25
15
15
20~25
30
20
20
25~30
35
25
25
B.2 - DOZER
HORSE
POWER
120
140
160
180
200

PRODUCTION (m3/hr) BANK VOLUME)


Canal
Structure
30
10
40
15
50
20
60
25
70
30

B.3 - BACKHOE
BUCKET
(m3)
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50

PRODUCTION (m3/hr) BANK VOLUME)


Canal
Structure
Creek
20
15
15
30
20
20
35
25
25
40
30
30
50
35
35

C) QUARRYING
DOZER
(Horse Power)
140
160
180
200

PRODUCTION (m3/hr) BANK VOLUME


Common
Aggregate
Cobble/Boulder
40
30
10
50
40
15
60
55
20
75
70
25

LOOSE EXCAVATED MATERIAL


(m3)
70
80
90
100

D) LOADING
BUCKET
(m3)
1.0~1.5
1.5~2.0
2.0~2.5
2.5~3.0

E) SPREADING
GRADER
(Horse Power)
80~100
100`125
125~150
150~175

PRODUCTION (m3/hr) BANK VOLUME


Common
Aggregate
Couble/Boulder
70
80
30
100
110
40
130
140
50
150
160
60

PRODUCTION (m3/hr) COMPACTED VOLUME


Common
Aggregate
60
70
70
80
90
100
100
110

F) SIDE BORROW (COMMON MATERIAL)


DOZER
PRODUCTION (m3/hr) COMPACTED VOLUME
(Horse Power)
80~100
35
100~125
40
125~150
45
150~175
55

G) STRUCTURAL BACKFILL WITH COMPACTION


DOZER
PRODUCTION (m3/hr) COMPACTED VOLUME
(Horse Power)
140
50
160
70
180
80
200
90

H) EMBANKMENT COMPACTION
DOZER
PRODUCTION (m3/hr) COMPACTED VOLUME
(Horse Power)
Vibratory
Static
3~5
60
40
6~10
70
50
11~15
80
60

I) LOADING, SPOT & MANEUVERING, UNLOADING & DELAY TIME


Used Loader: 1.00m3 bucket
Dump Truck Capacity
(m3)
4.00
6.00
8.00

Common
Materials
10 min.
12 min.
17 min.

Road Surfacing
Materials
12 min.
15 min.
17 min.

Cobbles /
Boulders
15 min.
17 min.
20 min.

J) AVERAGE SPEED OF DUMP TRUCK (km/hr)


HAUL DIST.
GOOD MAINTAINED
(km)
Loaded
Unloaded
All
30 kph
40 kph
(Note: Limit of Free Haul Distance is 200m)

POOR MAINTAINED
Loaded
Unloaded
25 kph
35 kph

K) DEMOLITION OF CONCRETE
EQUIPMENT
160cfm Compressor &
2-Pavement Breaker

CAPACITY (m3/day)
Massive Concrete
8.00

Slab & Wall


12.00

L) DRIVING OF PILES
EQUIPMENT
25 Tons Crane with
2 Tons Drop Hammer
25 Tons Crane with
7500 kgs-m Pile Hammer

Steel Piles

CAPACITY (m/hr)
Concrete Piles Thick & Thin Concrete Piles

20.00
2.00

4.00

& Thin Concrete Piles

4.00

ESTIMATING GUIDELINE
II. MANUAL ASPECT
A) EXCAVATION
A.1 - COMMON MATERIAL
CAPACITY (m3/day) BANK VOLUME
TYPE
DEPTH OF EXCAVATION
OF WORK
1.5m
1.6~2.5m
2.6m+
Farm Ditch
3.00
Canal
2.50
2.00
1.75
Structure
2.00
1.75
1.50
Desilting
2.50
2.00
1.75

A.2 - SLIGHTLY HARD MATERIAL


CAPACITY (m3/day/man)
TYPE
OF WORK
BANK VOLUME
Canal
1.00
Structure
0.75

B) MANUAL LOADING CAPABILITIES OF FIVE (5) LABORERS


Sand & Gravel
Common
Cobbles
Boulders
(m3/hr)
(m3/hr)
(m3/hr)
(m3/hr)
4
5
3.5
3

Cement
(bags/hr)
300

RS Bars
(kgs./hr)
6000

C) MANUAL UNLOADING CAPABILITIES OF FIVE (5) LABORERS


Sand & Gravel
Common
Cobbles
Boulders
(m3/hr)
(m3/hr)
(m3/hr)
(m3/hr)
6
8
5
4

Cement
(bags/hr)
300

RS Bars
(kgs./hr)
7000

D) CUT, BEND & PLACE RSB


1-Steelman & 1-Helper
STRUCTURE
with bar cutter
Dam
96 kgs/day
Siphon
112 kgs/day
Bridge
100 kgs/day
Other
80 kgs/day

E) QUARRYING
MATERIALS
Sand & Gravel
Cobbles
Boulder

CAPABILITY (m3/day/man)
3.50
2.50
2.00

F) DEMOLITION OF CONCRETE

MATERIALS
Slab & Wall
Massice Conc.

CAPABILITY (m3/day/man)
0.40
0.25

G) SCREENING OF AGGREGATES
MATERIALS
CAPABILITY (m3/day/man)
Gravel
4.00
Sand
6.00

H) MANUAL BACKFILL
MATERIALS
CAPABILITY (m3/day/man)
Common
3.00

I) LAYING OF MATERIALS
MATERIALS
CAPABILITY (m3/day/man)
Cobbles
2.00
Boulders
1.50

J) SPREADING OF GRAVEL & SAND ON FILTER DRAIN & GRAVEL BLANKET


MATERIALS
CAPABILITY (m3/day/man)
2.50

K) RUBBLE MASONRY (Concreting)


CREW
CAPABILITY (m3/day)
1-Foreman
2-Mason
6.00
10-Laborer
L.E Operator

L) GROUTED RIPRAP
CREW
1-Foreman
2-Mason
10-Laborer
L.E Operator

CAPABILITY (m3/day)
With Mixer
Without Mixer
7.50

5.50

M) CHB SETTING
Crew: 1-Mason, 2-Laborer
CAPABILITY (m2/day)
MATERIALS
Fence
Building
4" CHB
14
10
6" CHB
10
8

N) CONCRETE LINING
CREW

CAPABILITY (m3/day)
With 1-Bagger Mixer

1-Foreman
2-Mason
10-Laborer
L.E Operator

4.50

O) INSTALLATION OF STEEL GATES


Crew: 1-Mason, 5-Laborer
MATERIALS
CAPABILITY (Assy/day)
16x16 ~ 24x24
2
above 24x24
1

P) CONCRETE WORKS
P.1 - FABRICATION, PLACING & DISMANTLING OF FORMS
Crew: 3-Carpenter & 5-Laborer
Cap. = 3.50 m3/day for 3000psi
Crew: 1-Carpenter & 1-Laborer
Cap.= 4.50 m3/day for Canal Lining

P.2 - CONCRETING & CURING


P.2a - With Concrete Mixer
CREW
1-Foreman
2-Mason
8-Laborer
1-L.E Operator

Class "A"
3.50

CAPABILITY (m3/day)
Class "B"
Class "C"
4.50

4.80

Lean Concrete
6.00

P.2a - Without Concrete Mixer


CREW
1-Foreman
2-Mason
8-Laborer

Class "A"
2.50

CAPABILITY (m3/day)
Class "B"
Class "C"
3.20

3.50

Q) PLASTERING OF CHB WALL


CAPABILITY (m2/day)
CREW
One Side Only
2-Mason
12.00
2-Laborer

R) REINFORCED CONCRETE PIPES


CAPABILITY (pcs/day)
CREW
Diameter
Fabrication
Installation
(inch / cm)
1-Foreman
12 / 30
15
16

Lean Concrete
4.50

1-Mason
1-Carp./Stlman
12-Laborers
w/ 1-bagger
mixer

18 / 46
24 / 61
30 / 76
36 / 91
48 / 122

11
9
6
5
3

14
12
10
8
6

S) MANUAL HANDLING OF RC PIPES


DIAMETER
Minutes per Pc.
No. of Laborer
(inches)
Loading
Unloading
12
4
3
1
18
4
4
2
24
6
5
3
30
6
7
4
36
8
12
8
42
10
18
10

T) BUILDING FACILITIES
WORK DESCRIPTION
Installation of Ceiling Joist
Installation of Ceiling Board
Installation of GI Roofing
Installation of Panel Door
Installation of Flush Door
Installation of Flourescent Bulb
Installation of Incandescent Bulb
Installation of Panel Board
Installation of Electric Conduit
Installation of # 4 Wire
Installation of # 8 Wire
Installation of # 14 Wire
Painting
Tile Setting
Installation of GI Flushing
Installation of GI Ridge Roll
Installation of Down Spout
Installation of GI Gutter
Installation of Jalousie & Accs.

CREW MEMBERS
2-Carpenter & 1-Labourer
2-Carpenter & 1-Labourer
2-Carpenter & 1-Labourer
2-Carpenter & 1-Labourer
2-Carpenter & 1-Labourer
1-Electrician & 1-Laborer
1-Electrician & 1-Laborer
1-Electrician & 1-Laborer
1-Electrician & 1-Laborer
1-Electrician & 1-Laborer
1-Electrician & 1-Laborer
1-Electrician & 1-Laborer
1-Painter
1-Mason & 1-Laborer
1-Lath. & 1-Laborer
1-Lath. & 1-Laborer
1-Lath. & 1-Laborer
1-Lath. & 1-Laborer
1-Carpenter & 1-Laborer

No. of pcs/trip
24
18
14
10
6
4

CAPABILITIES
100 bd.ft./day
15 pcs/day
150 Lin.Ft./day
4 pcs/day
6 pcs/day
16 pcs/day
32 pcs/day
1/2 unit/day
32 pcs/day
20 L.M./day
40 L.M./day
60 L.M./day
24 m2/day
2 m2/day
16 pcs/day
16 pcs/day
12 pcs/day
8 pcs/day
10 m2/day

Note:
1. Time of mixer per day = Total bags of cement x 10 min. per bag / 60 minutes per hour = ____ hrs/day
2. Labor Intensity:
1-Leadman per 10-Laborers
1-Foremen per 4-Leadman
1-Watcher per 4-Heavy Equipment
1-Mechanic per 4-Heavy Equipment

Lumber
(bd. ft./hr)
4000

Plywood
(pcs/hr)
250

Lumber
(bd. ft./hr)
4000

Plywood
(pcs/hr)
250

ESTIMATING GUIDELINE
III. MATERIAL ASPECT
STRENGTH

MAX. AGGRE.
(inches)

CEMENT
(bag/m3)

SAND
(m3/m3)

GRAVEL
(m3/m3)

211 kgsc
200 kgsc
200 kgsc
200 kgsc

1.50
2.00
3.00
1.00

9.00
7.00
6.50
7.50

0.45
0.50
0.52
0.48

0.90
1.00
1.04
0.96

4.50

0.225

0.45

C. Grouted Riprap
Plain/Boulder Riprap

3.50
-

0.80
-

0.10
0.40

D. Lean Conc.

5.00

0.55

1.10

E. Rubber Blanket (ccm)

0.40

0.60

F. Filter Drain (ccm)

0.60

0.40

STRENGTH
(kgsc)
211
211
211
211
211
200
211
200
211

F. Lumber
(bd.ft./m3)
60
25
20
15
10
5
20
10
5

1/2 Plywood
(pcs/m3)
1.00
1.00
1.25
1.15
0.10
0.50
0.10
-

CLASS
A. Concrete
"A"
"B"
"C"
Canal Lining
B. Rubble Concrete

211 kgsc

1000 psi

OTHER MATERIALS
CLASS
"A"
"A"
"A"
"A"
"A"
"B"
"A"
"B"
"A"

TYPE OF STRUCTURE
Bridge Flume
Siphon / Box Culvert
Other Structure @ MC
Pther Str. T. Fac.
Rubble Masonry
Canal Lining
Dam
Dam
Roads Pavement

REINFORCED CONCRETE PIPES


DIAMETER
(inches)
12
18
24
30
36
42

Cement
(bag)
0.58
1.22
1.82
2.52
3.33
4.28

INSTALLATION OF RC PIPES

Sand
(m3)
0.02
0.05
0.08
0.11
0.14
0.18

FABRICATION MATERIAL PER PC.


Gravel
GI Sheet
F. Lumber
3
(m )
(L.F.)
(Bd. Ft.)
0.05
0.12
0.24
0.10
0.19
0.36
0.15
0.24
0.48
0.21
0.30
0.60
0.28
0.34
0.72
0.36
0.40
0.84

DIAMETER
(inches)
12
18
24
30
36
42

Cement
(bag)
0.21
0.45
0.72
0.93
1.11
1.32

Sand
(m3)
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06

PLASTERING OF CHB
MATERIAL PER M2 (Two sides)
SIZE
Sand
Cement
4" & 6"
0.034
0.41

LAYING OF CHB
SIZE
4"
6"

CEMENT
(bag/m2)
0.55
1.07

SAND
(m3/m2)
0.046
0.089

FABRICATION MATERIAL PER PC.


Gravel
F. Lumber
(m3)
(Bd. Ft.)
0.02
2.00
0.04
2.00
0.06
3.00
0.08
3.00
0.10
4.00
0.12
4.00

RSB
(kgs)
3.65
4.52
5.26
6.01
6.79

BOULDER
(m3/m3)
-

0.95
1.00
1.00
-

Tie Wire
(kg/m3)
1.25% RSB
1.20% RSB
1.10% RSB
1.10% RSB
1.00% RSB
1.00% RSB
-

Nail
(kgs/m3)
2.25
2.00
1.75
1.50
0.25
0.25
1.00
1.00
0.20

RSB
(kgs)
5.28
7.72
9.77
23.22
50.43
60.84

CW Nails
(kgs)
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.10
0.50
0.60

C.

CW Nails
(kgs)
0.20
0.20
0.30
0.30
0.40
0.40

HAULING COST ANALYSIS


1. HAULING OF CEMENT
Ave. Haul. Dist. = 20 km (from Source to Jobsite)
Utilized: 6~7 Tons Cargo Truck with 5-Laborers
Base Cost of Cement: UC/bag
Capacity of Cargo Truck: 150 bags per trip
CYCLE TIME:
With Load: 20km/trip x 60min/hr / 25 km/hr
= 48 min/trip
Without Load: 20km/trip x 60min/hr / 30 km/hr
= 70 min/trip
Manual Loading Capability of 5-Laborers, Loading & Unloading = 300 bags/hr
Loading: 150bags/trip x 60min/hr / 300bags/hr
= 30 min/trip
Unloading: 150bags/trip x 60min/hr / 300bags/hr
= 30 min/trip
Total Time = 140 min/trip
or 2.47 hrs/trip

LABOR COST:
Driver: 1 x Rate/day x 2.47hrs/trip / 8hrs/day x 150bags/trip
Laborer: 5 x Rate/day x 2.47hrs/trip / 8hrs/day x 150bags/trip

= ____/bag
= ____/bag

Labor Cost = ____/bag

EQUIPMENT
Fuel: 10lit/hr x 1.47hrs/trip x UC/lit / 150bags/trip
Rental: Rate/hr x 2.47hrs/trip / 150 bags/trip
Spare Parts: Rate/hr x 2.47hrs/trip / 150bags/trip

= ____/bag
= ____/bag
= ____/bag

(Note: The travel Time on with & without load were only considered and the loading & unloading time were excluded on

SUMMARY:
Base Cost
Labor Cost
Fuel Cost
Rental Cost
Spare Part Cost

= UC/bag
= ____/bag
= ____/bag
= ____/bag
= ____/bag
Total = ____/bag

HAULING COST ANALYSIS


2. HAULING OF PLYWOOD, 1/2" x 4' x 8'
Ave. Haul. Dist. = 25 km (from Source to Jobsite)
Utilized: 6~7 Tons Cargo Truck with 5-Laborers
Base Cost of Plywood: UC/bag
Capacity of Cargo Truck: 250 bags per trip
CYCLE TIME:
With Load: 25km/trip x 60min/hr / 25 km/hr
= 60 min/trip
Without Load: 25km/trip x 60min/hr / 30 km/hr
= 50 min/trip
Manual Loading Capability of 5-Laborers, Loading & Unloading = 250pcs/hr
Loading: 250pcs/trip x 60min/hr / 250pcs/hr
= 60 min/trip
Unloading: 250pcs/trip x 60min/hr / 250pcs/hr
= 60 min/trip
Total Time = 230 min/trip
or 3.83 hrs/trip

LABOR COST:
Driver: 1 x Rate/day x 3.83hrs/trip / 8hrs/day x 250pcs/trip
Laborer: 5 x Rate/day x 3.83hrs/trip / 8hrs/day x 250pcs/trip

= ____/pc
= ____/pc

Labor Cost = ____/pc

EQUIPMENT
Fuel: 10lit/hr x 3.83hrs/trip x UC/lit / 250pcs/trip
Rental: Rate/hr x 3.83hrs/trip / 250pcs/trip
Spare Parts: Rate/hr x 3.83hrs/trip / 250pcs/trip

= ____/pc
= ____/pc
= ____/pc

(Note: The travel Time on with & without load were only considered and the loading & unloading time were excluded on

SUMMARY:
Base Cost
Labor Cost
Fuel Cost
Rental Cost
Spare Part Cost

= UC/pc
= ____/pc
= ____/pc
= ____/pc
= ____/pc
Total = ____/pc

HAULING COST ANALYSIS


3. HAULING OF RS BARS, CW NAILS & TIE WIRE
Ave. Haul. Dist. = 25 km (from Source to Jobsite)
Utilized: 6~7 Tons Cargo Truck with 5-Laborers
Base Cost of Plywood: RSB=UC/kg, CW Nail=UC/kg, T.Wire=UC/kg
Capacity of Cargo Truck: 6,000kg/trip
CYCLE TIME:
With Load: 25km/trip x 60min/hr / 25 km/hr
= 60 min/trip
Without Load: 25km/trip x 60min/hr / 30 km/hr
= 50 min/trip
Manual Loading Capability of 5-Laborers, Loading=6,000kgs/hr & Unloading=7,000kgs/hr
Loading:6000kgs/trip x 60min/hr / 6000pcs/hr
= 60 min/trip
Unloading:6000kgs/trip x 60min/hr / 7000pcs/hr
= 51.4 min/trip
Total Time = 221.40 min/trip
or 3.69 hrs/trip

LABOR COST:
Driver: 1 x Rate/day x 3.69hrs/trip / 8hrs/day x6000kgs/trip
Laborer: 5 x Rate/day x 3.69hrs/trip / 8hrs/day x 6000kgs/trip

= ____/kg
= ____/kg

Labor Cost = ____/kg

EQUIPMENT
Fuel: 10lit/hr x 3.69hrs/trip x UC/lit / 6000kgs/trip
Rental: Rate/hr x 3.69hrs/trip / 6000kgs/trip
Spare Parts: Rate/hr x 3.69hrs/trip / 6000kgs/trip

= ____/kg
= ____/kg
= ____/kg

(Note: The travel Time on with & without load were only considered and the loading & unloading time were excluded on

SUMMARY:
Base Cost
Labor Cost
Fuel Cost
Rental Cost
Spare Part Cost

RSB
= UC/kg
= ____/kg
= ____/kg
= ____/kg
= ____/kg

CWN
= UC/kg
= ____/kg
= ____/kg
= ____/kg
= ____/kg

Total = ____/kg

= ____/kg

HAULING COST ANALYSIS


4. HAULING OF SAND & GRAVEL
Ave. Haul. Dist. = 10 km (from Source to Jobsite)
Utilized: 6~7 Tons Cargo Truck with 5-Laborers
Base Cost of Plywood: UC/m3
Capacity of Cargo Truck: 250 bags per trip

4a) LOADING COST (MECHANIZED)


Utilized: 1~1.50 Loader
Capability of Loader: 80m3/hr
LABOR COST:
Driver: 1 x Rate/day / 8hrs/day x 80m 3/hr
Laborer: 1 x Rate/day / 8hrs/day x 80m 3/hr

= ____/m3
= ____/m3
Labor Cost = ____/m3

EQUIPMENT:
Fuel: 10lit/hr x UC/lit / 80m3/hr
Rental: Rate/hr / 80m3/hr
Spare Parts: Rate/hr / 80m3/hr

= ____/m3
= ____/m3
= ____/m3

4b) HAULING COST (MECHANIZED)


Utilized: 4~6 Dump Trucks
Capacity of Dump Truck = 4.50m3/trip
CYCLE TIME:
With Load: 10km/trip x 60min/hr / 25 km/hr
Without Load: 10km/trip x 60min/hr / 30 km/hr
Loading, Spot & Manuever, Unloading & Delay

= 24 min/trip
= 20 min/trip
= 12 min/trip
Total Time = 56 min/trip
or 0.93 hrs/trip

LABOR COST:
Driver: 1 x Rate/day x 0.93hrs/trip / 8hrs/day x 4.50m 3/trip
Laborer: 1 x Rate/day x 0.93hrs/trip / 8hrs/day x 4.50m 3/trip

= ____/m3
= ____/m3

Labor Cost = ____/m3

EQUIPMENT
Fuel: 15lit/hr x 0.93hrs/trip x UC/lit / 4.50m 3/trip
Rental: Rate/hr x 0.93hrs/trip / 4.50m 3/trip
Spare Parts: Rate/hr x 0.93hrs/trip / 4.50m 3/trip

= ____/m3
= ____/m3
= ____/m3

SUMMARY:
Base Cost
Labor Cost
Fuel Cost
Rental Cost
Spare Part Cost

= UC/m3
= ____/m3
= ____/m3
= ____/m3
= ____/m3
Total = ____/m3