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Maneuvers

Table of Contents
Phase of Flight Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-3
Normal Takeoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-3
Aborted Takeoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-5
Steep Turns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-7
Approach to Stall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-9
Normal Precision Approach and Landing . . . . . . . . 2C-11
Typical Non-Precision Approach

. . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-13

Go-Around/Missed Approach/Balked Landing . . . . . 2C-15


Circling Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-17
Visual Approach and Landing

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2C-19

Engine Failure After V1 Takeoff Continued . . . . . . 2C-21


Single Engine Precision Approach and Landing . . . . 2C-23
Single Engine Go-Around/Missed Approach . . . . . . 2C-25
Partial/Zero Flaps Approach and Landing

. . . . . . . 2C-27

Single Engine Visual Approach and Landing . . . . . . 2C-29

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

2C-1

2C-2

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Normal Takeoff

STANDING START TAKEOFF


BRAKES HOLD
T.O. POWER SET (ADJUST UP TO 80 KIAS)
BRAKES RELEASE
NOSEWHEEL STEERING AS NECESSARY UP TO 45 KIAS MAX
CALL AIRSPEED ALIVE

8 WHEN CLEAR OF OBSTACLES, ACCELERATE TO V2 + 30


FLAPS UP
CLIMB POWER SET
TRANSITION TO ENROUTE CLIMB

90 KT CROSSCHECK

V1 CALL

ROLLING TAKEOFF
T.O. POWER SET BY 80 KTS

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

AT VR
ROTATE TO APPROXIMATELY 9
CLIMB AT V2

INCREASE PITCH ATTITUDE


AS REQUIRED (20 MAXIMUM)
SELECT AIRSPEED
FOR CLIMB SCHEDULE

AT POSITIVE RATE OF CLIMB


GEAR UP

2C-3

2C-4

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Aborted Takeoff

STANDARD START TAKEOFF


BRAKES HOLD
TAKEOFF POWER SET ADJUST UP TO 80KTS
BRAKES RELEASE
NOSEWHEEL STEERING AS NECESSARY UP TO 45 KIAS MAX
CALL AIRSPEED ALIVE
3

90 KT CROSSCHECK

4 PRIOR TO V1
CALL ABORT, ABORT, ABORT
THRUST LEVER IDLE
BRAKES APPLY
SPOILERS EXTEND
THRUST REVERSERS OR DRAG CHUTE
DEPLOY, IF NECESSARY
APPROPRIATE CHECKLIST EXECUTE
NOTIFY ATC/TOWER IF POSSIBLE

ROLLING TAKEOFF
TAKEOFF POWER SET BY 80 KTS

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

BE PREPARED TO
EMERGENCY EVACUATE
EXIT THE RUNWAY IF POSSIBLE

2C-5

2C-6

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Steep Turns

BANK SMOOTHLY ROLL TO 45


BACK PRESSURE INCREASE TO MAINTAIN ALTITUDE
POWER INCREASE TO MAINTAIN 250 KIAS

1 CLEAN CONFIGURATION
AIRSPEED 250 KIAS
WING LEVEL AT ASSIGNED
ALTITUDE AND HEADING

4 LEAD ROLLOUT TO ASSIGNED HEADING BY


APPROXIMATELY 10
WINGS SMOOTHLY ROLL LEVEL
BACK PRESSURE EASE TO MAINTAIN ALTITUDE
POWER REDUCE TO MAINTAIN 250 KIAS

3 MAINTAIN
ALTITUDE
250 KIAS
45 BANK
THIS MANEUVER MAY BE USED FOR A 180 OR 360 TURN,
AND MAY BE FOLLOWED BY A REVERSAL IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION.
THE PNF MAY ASSIST AS DIRECTED BY THE PF.
TOLERANCES ARE:
SPEED 10 KIAS
ALTITUDE 100 FT
BANK 5
ROLLOUT ON HEADING 10

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

2C-7

2C-8

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Approach to Stall

NOTE: Approaches to stall


are performed at pattern
altitudes ONLY IN THE
SIMULATOR.

APPROACH CONFIGURATION
>15 BANK
FLAPS 20
GEAR UP OR DOWN
POWER LEVERS IDLE
MAINTAIN ALTITUDE AND SLOW TO FIRST INDICATION OF STALL
SIMULTANEOUSLY
MAXIMUM POWER APPLY
WINGS ROLL LEVEL
FLAPS 20 CONFIRM
PITCH ATTITUDE MAINTAIN
ALTITUDE MAINTAIN

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

CLEAN CONFIGURATION APPROACH CHECKLIST COMPLETE


POWER LEVERS IDLE
MAINTAIN ALTITUDE AND SLOW TO FIRST INDICATION OF STALL
SIMULTANEOUSLY
MAXIMUM POWER APPLY
PITCH ATTITUDE MAINTAIN
ALTITUDE MAINTAIN

LANDING CONFIGURATION (FLAPS 40, GEAR DOWN)


POWER LEVERS 55% N1 APPROX
DESCEND 500 FPM TO 500 FT ABOVE TARGET ALTITUDE
LEVEL OFF
SLOW TO FIRST INDICATION OF STALL
MAXIMUM POWER APPLY
PITCH ATTITUDE MAINTAIN
AIRSPEED REACHES VREF FLAPS 20
POSITIVE RATE OF CLIMB, GEAR UP
CLEAR OF OBSTACLES ACCELERATE TO VREF 30 + RETRACT FLAPS,
FOLLOW MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE

2C-9

2C-10

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Normal Precision Approach and Landing

PROCEDURE TURN INBOUND


FLAPS 20
SPEED VREF + 20 KIAS

IAF OUTBOUND
FLAPS 8 START TIMING
SPEED VREF + 30 KIAS MIN

1 WITHIN 3 MINUTES OF ETA


FLAPS UP
APPROACH CHECKLIST COMPLETE
AIRSPEED BUGS SET VREF, VAP, VREF + 40
SPEED REDUCE TO VREF + 40 MIN

ONE DOT BELOW GLIDESLOPE BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST


GEAR DOWN
FLAPS DOWN AT GLIDESLOPE INTERCEPT
SPEED VREF + 10 + WIND FACTOR AT FINAL APPROACH
FIX, START TIME COMPLETE BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST

5 THRESHOLD
VREF + WIND FACTOR
YAW DAMPER OFF IN LANDING FLARE (FC200)

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

2C-11

2C-12

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Typical Non-Precision Approach

PROCEDURE TURN INBOUND


FLAPS 20
SPEED VREF + 20 KIAS

IAF OUTBOUND
FLAPS 8 START TIMING
SPEED VREF + 30 KIAS MIN

1 WITHIN 3 MINUTES OF ETA


FLAPS UP
APPROACH CHECKLIST COMPLETE
AIRSPEED BUGS SET VREF, VAP, VREF + 40

6 THRESHOLD
VREF + WIND FACTOR
YAW DAMPER OFF IN LANDING FLARE (FC200)
4

BEFORE FAF BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST COMPLETE


GEAR DOWN
VREF + 20
AT FAF
FLAPS 40
VAP (VREF + 10 + WIND FACTOR)
TIMING START
DESCEND TO MDA

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

5 LANDING ASSURED
SPEED VREF + WIND FACTOR

2C-13

2C-14

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Go-Around/Missed Approach/Balked Landing

CLEAR OF OBSTACLES AND


AT 400 FT (MINIMUM)
ACCELERATE TO VREF + 30 KIAS
FLAPS UP

MISSED APPROACH
AUTOPILOT DISENGAGE
THRUST LEVERS T.O. POWER OR
AS REQUIRED WHILE ROTATING TO 9 PITCH
SPOILER SWITCH CHECK RETRACTED
FLAPS 20

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

ATC ADVISE

POSITIVE RATE OF CLIMB


GEAR UP
SPEED VAC MINIMUM (VREF + 10)
YAW DAMPER ENGAGE

2C-15

2C-16

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Circling Approach
1

1
1

FLY 90 TO RUNWAY
START TIMING OVER RUNWAY
CENTERLINE
AFTER 15 SECONDS, TURN
TO DOWNWIND

FLY OVER RUNWAY


AT RUNWAY END,
30 BANK TURN TO DOWNWIND

FOR GO AROUND
FLY DOWN RUNWAY
AT RUNWAY END, 30 BANK
TURN TO DOWNWIND

45
15 SEC

TURN 45 FROM FROM RUNWAY


TIMING START
AFTER 30 SECONDS TURN TO DOWNWIND

30 BANK

30
C
SE

NOTES
BASED ON 30 BANK TURNS
USE CATEGORY D MINIMUMS
300' OBSTACLE CLEARANCE PROVIDED AT
CATEGORY D CIRCLING MINIMUMS (MDA)
FOR 2.3 NM FROM ANY RUNWAY. (CAT C = 1.7NM)

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

15 SEC

RECOMMENDATIONS
APPROACH CHECKLIST COMPLETE
GEAR DOWN
BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST COMPLETE (EXCEPT FOR FULL FLAPS)
FLAPS 20
AIRSPEED VREF + 20
(MAINTAIN CONSTANT SPEED FOR TIMING)
F/D ALTITUDE HOLD SELECT
F/D HEADING SELECT
USE HEADING BUG TO COMMAND TURNS
SLIGHT ADJUSTMENTS TO TIME MAY BE USED TO
ADJUST FOR HEADWINDS OR TAILWINDS
CAUTION: FAR 91.175 requires
AUTOPILOT USE OPTIONAL
IF SIGHT OF AIRPORT LOST:
MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE
CLIMBING TURN TOWARD LANDING RUNWAY
INTERCEPT MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE FOR
APPROACH BEING FLOWN

ABEAM POINT

immediate execution of the


missed approach procedure
when an identifiable part of
the airport is not distinctly
visible to the pilot during the
circling maneuver, unless the
inability to see results from a
normal bank of the aircraft
during the approach.

BASIC CIRCLING PATTERN

TURN TO POSITION OVER RUNWAY


WHEN ESTABLISHED ON CENTERLINE
30 BANK TURN TO DOWNWIND

ENTER BASIC PATTERN AS APPROPRIATE


FOR AIRCRAFT POSITION

START TIMING ABEAM APPROACH END OF RUNWAY

START TURN TO FINAL, 30 BANK

WITH RUNWAY IN SIGHT AND IN POSITION TO MAKE


A NORMAL DESCENT TO LANDING
FLAPS DOWN
BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST COMPLETE
DESCENT FROM MDA BEGIN
SPEED VAP
IF NOT IN A POSITION TO MAKE A NORMAL LANDING
PERFORM GO-AROUND PROCEDURE
AT THRESHOLD
SPEED VREF + WIND FACTOR
YAW DAMPER OFF IN LANDING FLARE (FC200)

2C-17

2C-18

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Visual Approach and Landing


3

DOWNWIND LEG
LANDING GEAR DOWN
BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST COMPLETE
SPEED VREF + 20 MINIMUM

BEFORE PATTERN ENTRY/ DOWNWIND (1,500 FT AGL)


APPROACH CHECKLIST COMPLETE
FLAPS 20
SPEED VREF + 20 KIAS + MIN

BASE LEG
DESCEND AT 500 TO 600 FPM
SPEED VREF + 20 KIAS MINIMUM

1500 FT AGL

THRESHOLD
SPEED VREF + WIND FACTOR
YAW DAMPER OFF IN LANDING FLARE (FC200)

BEFORE DESCENT
DESCENT CHECKLIST COMPLETE
AIRSPEED BUGS SET TO VREF, VAP,
AND VREF + 40

TOUCHDOWN
SPOILERS EXT
BRAKES AS REQUIRED
THRUST REVERSER OR DRAG CHUTE AS DESIRED
NOSE WHEEL STEERING AS REQUIRED BELOW 45KTS

FINAL APPROACH
FLAPS 40 BY 500' AGL
SPEED VREF + 10 + WIND FACTOR

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

2C-19

2C-20

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Engine Failure After V1 Takeoff Continued


1

STANDING START TAKEOFF


BRAKES HOLD
T.O. POWER SET (ADJUST UP TO 80 KIAS)
BRAKES RELEASE
NOSEWHEEL STEERING AS NECESSARY UP TO 45 KIAS MAX
CALL AIRSPEED ALIVE

8 WHEN CLEAR OF OBSTACLES AND AT 400 FT AGL MINIMUM


(1,500 FT AGL RECOMMENDED)
ACCELERATE TO V2 + 30
FLAPS RETRACT
ACCELERATE VENR
FAILED ENGINE IDENTIFY
ENGINE FAILURE CHECKLIST COMPLETE
ATC CALL

90 KT CROSSCHECK

V1 CALL ENGINE
FAILURE RECOGNIZED

ROLLING TAKEOFF
T.O. POWER SET BY 80 KIAS

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

ACCELERATE TO VR
ROTATE TO 9 PITCH ATTITUDE
CLIMB AT V2

MAINTAIN V2

AT POSITIVE RATE OF CLIMB


GEAR UP

2C-21

2C-22

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Single Engine Precision Approach and Landing


2

PROCEDURE TURN INBOUND


FLAPS 8
SPEED VREF + 20 KIAS MINIMUM

IAF OUTBOUND
FLAPS 8 START TIMING
SPEED VREF + 30 KIAS

1 WITHIN 3 MINUTES OF ETA


FLAPS UP
APPROACH CHECKLIST COMPLETE
AIRSPEED BUGS SET VREF, VAP, VREF + 40
SPEED REDUCE TO VREF + 40 MIN

ONE DOT BELOW GLIDESLOPE BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST


GEAR EXTEND
AT GLIDESLOPE INTERCEPT
FLAPS 20
SPEED VREF + 10 MINIMUM + WIND FACTOR
AT FINAL APPROACH FIX
TIMING START

5 LANDING ASSURED
FLAPS 40 VREF + WIND FACTOR
YAW DAMPER OFF IN LANDING FLARE (FC200)

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

2C-23

2C-24

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Single Engine Go-Around/Missed Approach

WHEN CLEAR OF OBSTACLES AND


AT 400 FT MIN (1500 FT AGL RECOMMERDED)
ACCELERATE TO VREF + 30 KIAS
FLAPS UP
ACCELERATE TO VENR

MISSED APPROACH
AUTOPILOT DISENGAGE
THRUST LEVER T.O. POWER
INITIALLY ROTATE TO 9 PITCH
SPOILER SWITCH RETRACT
FLAP 20

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

ATC ADVISE

POSITIVE RATE OF CLIMB


GEAR UP
SPEED VAC (VREF + 10)

2C-25

2C-26

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Partial/Zero Flaps Approach and Landing

PROCEDURE TURN INBOUND


SPEED VREF + 40 OR
APPROPRIATE FOR FLAP SETTING

IAF OUTBOUND
START TIMING
SPEED VREF + 40 OR APPROPRIATE
FOR FLAP SETTING

1 WITHIN 3 MINUTES OF ETA


APPROACH CHECKLIST COMPLETE
SET AIRSPEED BUGS APPROPRIATE FOR FLAP SETTING
SPEED REDUCE TO VREF + 40 MIN

ONE DOT BELOW GLIDESLOPE BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST


GEAR DOWN
BEGIN DESCENT AT FAF
ZERO/PARTIAL FLAP LANDING CHECKLIST COMPLETE
VREF + 30 MIN OR AS APPROPRIATE FOR FLAP SETTING

5 THRESHOLD
VREF + 30 OR AS APPROPRIATE FOR FLAP SETTING
YAW DAMPER OFF IN LANDING FLARE (FC200)
YAW DAMPER OFF PRIOR TO LANDING (FC530)

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

2C-27

2C-28

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

Maneuvers

Single Engine Visual Approach and Landing

DOWNWIND LEG
LANDING GEAR DOWN
BEFORE LANDING CHECKLIST COMPLETE
SPEED VREF + 20 MINIMUM

BEFORE PATTERN ENTRY/ DOWNWIND (1,500 FT AGL)


APPROACH CHECKLIST COMPLETE
FLAPS 20
SPEED VREF + 20 KIAS + MIN

BASE LEG
DESCEND AT 500 TO 600 FPM
SPEED VREF + 20 KIAS MINIMUM

1500 FT AGL

LANDING ASSURED
FLAPS 40
SPEED VREF + WIND FACTOR
YAW DAMPER OFF IN LANDING FLARE (FC200)

BEFORE DESCENT
DESCENT CHECKLIST COMPLETE
AIRSPEED BUGS SET TO VREF, VAP,
AND VREF + 40

TOUCHDOWN
SPOILERS EXT
BRAKES AS REQUIRED
THRUST REVERSER OR DRAG CHUTE AS DESIRED
NOSE WHEEL STEERING AS REQUIRED BELOW 45KTS

FINAL APPROACH
FLAPS 20
SPEED VREF + 10 + WIND FACTOR

Learjet 35/36
February 1998

For training only

2C-29

2C-30

For training only

Learjet 35/36
February 1998