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RAN Feature Description

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Chapter 19 HCS Handover......................................................................................................... 19-1
19.1 Introduction to HCS....................................................................................................... 19-1
19.1.1 Definition............................................................................................................. 19-1
19.1.2 Purposes............................................................................................................ 19-2
19.1.3 Terms and Abbreviations....................................................................................19-2
19.2 Availability..................................................................................................................... 19-3
19.2.1 Network Elements Involved................................................................................19-3
19.2.2 Software Releases............................................................................................. 19-3
19.3 Impact........................................................................................................................... 19-4
19.3.1 On System Performance....................................................................................19-4
19.3.2 On Other Features.............................................................................................. 19-4
19.4 Technical Description.................................................................................................... 19-4
19.4.1 HCS Handover Configuration Model..................................................................19-4
19.4.2 Overview............................................................................................................. 19-5
19.4.3 Speed Estimation for UE....................................................................................19-6
19.4.4 HCS Handover Based on Speed Estimation....................................................19-10
19.4.5 Signaling Procedure for HCS Handover...........................................................19-11
19.4.6 HCS Handover and Other Features..................................................................19-11
19.5 Specifications.............................................................................................................. 19-12
19.6 Implementation........................................................................................................... 19-12
19.6.1 Enabling HCS................................................................................................... 19-12
19.6.2 Reconfiguring HCS Parameters.......................................................................19-14
19.6.3 Disabling HCS Handover..................................................................................19-16
19.7 Maintenance Information.............................................................................................19-17
19.7.1 MML commands...............................................................................................19-17
19.7.2 Alarms............................................................................................................... 19-18
19.7.3 Counters........................................................................................................... 19-18
19.8 References.................................................................................................................. 19-18

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List of Figures

List of Figures
Figure 19-1 HCS with three hierarchies..............................................................................19-1
Figure 19-2 HCS Handover configuration model................................................................19-5

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List of Tables

List of Tables
Table 19-1 NEs required for HCS handover........................................................................19-3
Table 19-2 RAN products and related versions...................................................................19-4
Table 19-3 Commands for reconfiguring speed estimation algorithm parameters.............19-14

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Chapter 19 HCS Handover

Chapter 19 HCS Handover


19.1 Introduction to HCS
19.1.1 Definition
In 3G network, the so-called hot spots in radio communications may appear with the
increase of subscribers and traffic. This requires more cells to increase the network
capacity. More cells and smaller cell radius indicate that more frequent handovers of
UEs take place. For a UE in fast speed, frequent handovers reduce call quality,
increase uplink interference, and increase signaling load.
In this situation, Hierarchical Cell Structure (HCS) is required to divide cells into
different hierarchies.
Huawei RNC supports the HCS with 8 hierarchies, Figure 1.1 shows a HCS with
three hierarchies.

Figure 1.1 HCS with three hierarchies


The features of different cells are as follows:

macro cell
Large coverage
Continuous coverage networking
Low requirement on capacity
Fast-moving environment

Micro cell
Densely populated areas
High requirement on capacity
Slow-moving environment

Pico cell

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Indoor coverage
Outdoor dead-area coverage
Where, the pico cell has the highest priority and the macro cell has the lowest priority.

19.1.2 Purposes
According to speed estimation, the RNC order the fast-moving UE to handover to the
cells of lower priority to reduce the number of handovers, and order the slow-moving
UEs to handover to the cells of higher priority to increase network capacity. The cells
of lower priority have larger coverage, and the cells of higher priority have smaller
coverage.

19.1.3 Terms and Abbreviations


I. Terms
Term

Description

Hot Spot

A cell that has high traffic and a large quantity of users

1D event

Best cell updating event

II. Abbreviations
Abbreviation

Full Spelling

3G

3rd Generation

3GPP

3rd Generation Partnership Project

CN

Core Network

DL

Downlink

DRNC

Drift RNC

DS-CDMA

Direct-Sequence Code Division Multiple Access

FDD

Frequency Division Duplex

HCS

Hierarchical Cell Structure

HO

Handover

IE

Information Element

MS

Mobile Station

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Abbreviation

Full Spelling

PC

Power Control

RL

Radio Link

RNC

Radio Network Controller

RRM

Radio Resource Management

SHO

Soft Handover

SIR

Signal to Interference Ratio

SRNC

Serving RNC

TPC

Transmit Power Control

UE

User Equipment

UL

Uplink

UTRAN

UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network

WCDMA

Wideband Code Division Multiple Access

19.2 Availability
19.2.1 Network Elements Involved
The realization of HCS handover depends on the cooperation of the UE and RNC.
Table 1.1 shows the Network Elements (NEs) required for HCS handover.
Table 1.1 NEs required for HCS handover
UE

NodeB

RNC

MSC

MGW

SGSN

GGSN

HLR

Server

Note:

: not required

: required

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19.2.2 Software Releases


Table 1.1 describes the versions of the RAN products that support the HCS handover.
Table 1.1 RAN products and related versions
Product
RNC

Version

BSC6800

V100R006 and later releases

19.3 Impact
19.3.1 On System Performance
The impacts of HCS handover on system performance are as follows:

Improve the conversation quality for fast-moving UEs

Improve the system capacity

Reduce the signaling load

19.3.2 On Other Features


The impacts of HCS handover on other features are as follows:

The HCS handover does not interfere with other RAN features' ability to take
effect.

For more about the relationship between HCS handover and other features, see
section 19.4.6"HCS Handover and Other Features."

19.4 Technical Description


19.4.1 HCS Handover Configuration Model
The configuration model for HCS Handover is as show in Figure 1.1.

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Chapter 19 HCS Handover

RNC
RadioClass

GlobalParaClass

CellClass
HCSHO.Class

CELLHCSHO.Class

Time window for UE fast speed decision


Threshold for UE fast speed decision
Time window for UE slow speed decision
Threshold for UE slow speed decision
Period of UE slow speed decision
Related length for 1D records

Figure 1.1 HCS Handover configuration model

19.4.2 Overview
The HCS handover is divided into the following two phases:

I. Speed Estimation
The speed estimation on each hierarchy of an HCS cell falls into one of the following
types:

Fast speed

Normal speed

Slow speed

According to the number of changes of the best cell within time unit, speed estimation
algorithm estimates the moving speed of the UEs. See details as follows:

If the number of changes of best cell for a UE is above the fast-speed threshold,
this UE is decided in fast speed;

If the number of changes of best cell for a UE is below the slow-speed threshold,
this UE is decided in slow speed;

if the number of changes of best cell for a UE is between fast-speed threshold


and slow-speed threshold, this UE is decided in normal speed.

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II. HCS Handover Based on Speed Estimation


After the moving speed of the UE is estimated, inter-hierarchy handover algorithm
initiates the corresponding handover based on this speed decision.
According to the results of speed estimation,

The UE in fast speed is handed over to the cell of lower priority.

The UE in slow speed is handed over to the cell of higher priority.

The UE in normal speed is not required to be handed over to any cell.

19.4.3 Speed Estimation for UE


I. Fast Speed Estimation
The UE fast speed decision is triggered by 1D event.
Tfast: time for UE fast speed decision Time window for UE fast speed

decision
Nfast: threshold for UE fast speed decision Threshold for UE fast speed

decision
Handover procedures:

(1)
(2)

The UE fast speed decision is triggered after the 1D report is received.


The UE is decided in fast speed if the number of changes of best cells for the
UE is above Threshold for UE fast speed decision within Time window for
UE fast speed decision.

Parameters:
Parameter Name
Parameter ID

Time window for UE fast speed decision


TFASTSPDEST

GUI Range

0511

Physical Range& Unit


Default Value

0511, Unit: s
180

Optional/Mandatory
MML Command

Optional

ADD CELLHCSHO / MOD CELLHCSHO

SET HCSHO

Description:
Statistic duration for UE fast speed decision

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Parameter Name
Parameter ID

Threshold for UE fast speed decision


NFASTSPDEST

GUI Range

116

Physical Range& Unit

116

Default Value

15

Optional/Mandatory
MML Command

Optional

ADD CELLHCSHO / MOD CELLHCSHO

SET HCSHO

Description:
Threshold of the number of the best cell changes during [TFastSpdEst] for UE fast
speed decision. UE is considered in fast state when the number of the best cell
changes during [TFastSpdEst] is larger than [NFastSpdEst].

II. Slow Speed Estimation


The UE slow speed decision is triggered by the expiry of the periodical timer.

Tslow: time for UE slow speed decision Time window for UE slow speed
decision

Nslow: threshold for UE slow speed decision Threshold for UE slow speed
decision

Periodic timer for slow speed decision: The length of the periodic timer is set to
Period of UE slow speed decision.

Handover procedures:

(1)

The UE slow speed decision is triggered after the periodic timer for slow speed
decision is expired.

(2)

The UE is decided in slow speed if the number of changes of best cells for the
UE is below Threshold for UE slow speed decision within Time window for
UE slow speed decision

Parameters:

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Parameter Name
Parameter ID

Time window for UE slow speed decision


TSLOWSPDEST

GUI Range

0511

Physical Range& Unit


Default Value

0511. Unit: s
240

Optional/Mandatory
MML Command

Optional

ADD CELLHCSHO / MOD CELLHCSHO

SET HCSHO

Description:
Statistic duration for UE slow speed decision

Parameter Name
Parameter ID

Threshold for UE slow speed decision


NSLOWSPDEST

GUI Range

116

Physical Range& Unit

116

Default Value

Optional/Mandatory
MML Command

Optional

ADD CELLHCSHO / MOD CELLHCSHO

SET HCSHO

Description:
Threshold of the number of best cell changes during [TSlowSpdEst] for UE slow
speed decision. UE is considered in slow state when the number of the best cell
changes during [TSlowSpdEst] is smaller than [NSlowSpdEst].

Configuration Rule and Restriction:

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Number of the best cell changes for the unit time duration of fast state must not be
less than that of slow state, that is,
Threshold for UE fast speed decision / Time window for UE fast speed
decision

Threshold for UE slow speed decision / Time window for UE slow speed
decision

Parameter Name
Parameter ID

Period of UE slow speed decision


TCYCLESLOW

GUI Range

0255

Physical Range& Unit


Default Value

0255. Unit: s
60

Optional/Mandatory
MML Command

Optional

ADD CELLHCSHO / MOD CELLHCSHO

SET HCSHO

Description:
Cycle of UE slow state decision. Whether the UE is in slow state is judged at the
end of [TcycleSlow].

III. Anti-Pingpong 1D Recording


During a given period of time, intra-frequency handover may be performed back and
forth across two or three cells, resulting in several event 1Ds of the same cell in the
statistic queue and thus inaccurate UE speed estimation.
Therefore, a mechanism is used for anti-pingpong 1D recording. During the recent
period Related length for 1D records, 1D event with repeated cell would not be
recorded.

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Parameter Name
Parameter ID

Related length for 1D records


TRELATELENGTH

GUI Range

0120

Physical Range& Unit


Default Value

0120. Unit: s.
10

Optional/Mandatory
MML Command

Optional

ADD CELLHCSHO / MOD CELLHCSHO

SET HCSHO

Description:
During a given period of time, intra-frequency handover may be performed back
and forth across two or three cells, resulting in several event 1Ds of the same cell
in the statistic queue and thus inaccurate UE speed estimation. During the latest
[TRelateLength], if more than one event 1D of a certain cell occurs, the event 1D
record is restored to the state when the first event 1D occurs during the latest
[TRelateLength].

19.4.4 HCS Handover Based on Speed Estimation


I. Fast Inter-Hierarchy Handover
When the RNC decides that the UE is in fast speed, this UE is handed over from the
cell of high priority to the cell of low priority.
If the UE is located at the converged part between the cell of high priority and the cell
of low priority, the blink handover is initiated.
The target cell can be a UMTS cell or a GSM cell. The priority of intra-system interfrequency blind handover is higher than that of inter-system blind handover. If the
neighboring cell for blind handover is not configured or the blind handover fails, the
measurement is initiated for cells of low priority. The target cell is decided based on
the measurement report from the UE.

II. Slow Inter-Hierarchy Handover


When the RNC decides that the UE is in slow speed, this UE is handed over from the
cell of low priority to the cell of high priority.
Because the coverage of high priority cells is smaller than that of low priority cells,
slow speed inter-hierarchy handover algorithm needs to initiate the measurement for

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Chapter 19 HCS Handover

cells of high priority, and then decides the target cell based on the measurement
report from the UE.

19.4.5 Signaling Procedure for HCS Handover


The signaling procedure for HCS handover is the same as that for inter-frequency
handover and inter-system handover. For detailed information, see section "interfrequency handover" and "inter-system handover."

19.4.6 HCS Handover and Other Features


The section describes the cooperation between HCS handover and other handover,
including:

The Cooperation between HCS Handover and Intra-Frequency


Handover
The Cooperation between HCS Handover and Inter-Frequency
Handover
The cooperation between HCS handover and inter-RAT handover

I. The Cooperation between HCS Handover and Intra-Frequency Handover


If HCS handover measurement is initiated when intra-frequency cell measurement is
ongoing and the intra-frequency handover is required, the HCS handover
measurement is not interrupted in the process of intra-frequency handover. After the
intra-frequency handover, if the best cell remains, the inter-hierarchy measurement
continues; and if the best cell changes, the fast speed estimation for the UE is
triggered.
For more information about intra-frequency handover, see section "intra-frequency
handover".

II. The Cooperation between HCS Handover and Inter-Frequency Handover


The causes to trigger inter-frequency handover include the follows:

Report of 2D event

Imbalanced load between inter-frequency cells

Estimation decision for UE speed in HCS

Where, the report of 2D event indicates that the inter-frequency handover based on
coverage is triggered, which is of high priority to be processed.
If the HCS handover algorithm is performing inter-frequency measurement when the
2D event is reported, the measurement control of inter-frequency measurement will
be updated according to the algorithm of inter-frequency handover based on
coverage.

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If the RNC is performing inter-frequency measurement after the 2D event is reported,


that is, the inter-frequency measurement based on coverage, HCS handover will not
be processed.
When the inter-frequency handover based on load is required to be triggered due to
imbalanced load between inter-frequency cells, this handover will not be triggered if
the

HCS

handover

algorithm

is

performing

inter-frequency

inter-hierarchy

measurement.
On the other hand, when the RNC is performing inter-frequency measurement for
handover based on load, the HCS handover cannot be initiated even the speed
estimation algorithm decides that the UE is in fast speed or in low speed.
For more information about inter-frequency handover, see section "inter-frequency
handover".

III. The cooperation between HCS handover and inter-RAT handover


It is strongly recommended that the inter-RAT handover to 2G is not used in HCS
handover.
To disable this procedure, make configurations as follows:

Disable HCS priority setting for GSM neighboring cells. For more details about
HCS priority settings, refer to Chapter 2 "UE Behaviors in Idle Mode."

For the UMTS layer whose HCS priority is next-higher to GSM layer, use
maximum value for Threshold for UE fast speed decision so that the fast interhierarchy handover (from UMTS to GSM) will not be triggered.

For the UMTS layer whose HCS priority is next-lower to GSM layer, use
minimum value for Threshold for UE slow speed decision so that the slow
inter-hierarchy handover (from UMTS to GSM) will not be triggered.

19.5 Specifications
None.

19.6 Implementation
19.6.1 Enabling HCS
I. Hardware Installation
This feature does not need extra hardware because the algorithm module for the
HCS handover is integrated in the RNC.

II. License Update


To enable the HCS handover, you need to purchase a license for HCS handover from
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., and then perform the following steps:
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1)

Obtain a new license.

2)

Download the file through FTP to the BAM directory "BAM installation
directory\FTP \license".

3)

On the M2000 or RNC LMT, run this new License.

III. Data Configuration


To configure the parameters for the HCS handover, perform the following steps:
1)

Execute the MML command ADD CELLHCS to set the HCS attributes of this
cell.

2)

Execute the MML command SET CORRMALGOSWITCH to set RNC oriented


HCS speed estimation handover switch.

3)

Execute the MML command SET HCSHO to set RNC oriented HCS speed
estimation handover algorithm parameters.

4)

Execute the MML command ADD CELLHCSHO to set cell oriented HCS speed
estimation handover algorithm parameters.

Note:

Step 4 is optional.

If step 4 is not included, adopt the parameters in step 3.

IV. Enabling the HCS


To enable the HCS handover, perform the following step:
1)

Execute the MML command LST CELLHCS to check whether the parameter
UseOfHcs is USED.

2)

Execute the MML command LST CORRMALGOSWITCH to check whether the


parameter HCS_SPD_EST_SWITCH is 1.

3)

Execute the MML command LST CELLHCSHO to check whether the parameter
SpdEstSwitch is ON.

V. Examples
//(1) Obtain License
Download the file through FTP to the BAM directory "BAM installation
directory\FTP\license"

//(2) Activate the LICENSE


ACT LICENSE: FN="Filename";

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//(3) Execute the DSP LICENSE command to check whether the RNC gets the
authorization of HCS handover
DSP LICENSE:;

//(4) Set cell HCS attributes


ADD CELLHCS: CELLID=1000, USEOFHCS=USED, HCSPRIORITYLEVEL=3, SSEARCHHCS=0,
SHCSRAT=0,

QHCS=20,

TCRMAX=D60,

CRMAXNUM=8,

TCRMAXHYST=D20,

SLIMITSEARCHRAT=0;

//(5) Set RNC oriented HCS speed estimation handover switch


SET CORRMALGOSWITCH: HoSwitch=HCS_SPD_EST_SWITCH-1;

//(6) Set RNC oriented HCS speed estimation handover algorithm parameters
SET

HCSHO:

TFastSpdEst=180,

NFastSpdEst=15,

TCycleSlow=60,

TSlowSpdEst=240, NSlowSpdEst=3, TRelateLength=10;

//(7) Set cell oriented HCS speed estimation handover algorithm parameters
ADD CELLHCSHO: CellId=1000, SpdEstSwitch=ON, TFastSpdEst=180,
NFastSpdEst=15, TCycleSlow=60, TSlowSpdEst=240, NSlowSpdEst=3,
TRelateLength=10;

//(8) Query the status of RNC oriented HCS speed estimation handover
switch
LST CORRMALGOSWITCH: LstFormat=VERTICAL;
Where, the parameter HCS_SPD_EST_SWITCH is 1.

19.6.2 Reconfiguring HCS Parameters


I. Parameter Reconfiguration
The commands for reconfiguring HCS handover fall into the following categories:

Table 1.1 shows the commands for reconfiguring speed estimation algorithm
parameters.

For information about commands for reconfiguring handover algorithm


parameters based on non-coverage, see section "inter-frequency handover" and
"inter-system handover."

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Table 1.1 Commands for reconfiguring speed estimation algorithm parameters


Function

Command

Reconfigure RNC

Query RNC oriented

oriented speed

speed estimation

estimation algorithm

algorithm parameters

parameters

Set RNC oriented speed

LST HCSHO

SET HCSHO

estimation algorithm
parameters
Reconfigure cell oriented

Query cell oriented

speed estimation

speed estimation

algorithm parameters

algorithm parameters
Set cell oriented speed

LST CELLHCSHO

MOD CELLHCSHO

estimation algorithm
parameters
Reconfigure cell

Query cell hierarchical

hierarchical attributes

attributes and

and hierarchical priority

hierarchical priority
Set cell hierarchical

LST CELLHCS

MOD CELLHCS

attributes and
hierarchical priority
Reconfigure RNC

Query connection

LST

oriented speed

oriented algorithm switch

CORRMALGOSWITCH

Set connection oriented

SET

algorithm switch

CORRMALGOSWITCH

Reconfigure cell oriented

Query cell oriented

LST CELLHCSHO

speed estimation

speed estimation

algorithm switch

algorithm switch

estimation algorithm
switch

Set cell oriented speed

MOD CELLHCSHO

estimation algorithm
switch

II. Verification of Parameter Reconfiguration


To verify the parameter reconfiguration, perform the following steps:

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Chapter 19 HCS Handover

Execute the MML command LST CELLHCS query the parameters Use of HCS
and HCS priority Level.

2)

Execute the MML command LST CORRMALGOSWITCH to query the parameter


HCS_SPD_EST_SWITCH.

3)

Execute the MML command LST HCSHO to query the RNC oriented
reconfigured parameters.

4)

Execute the MML command LST CELLHCSHO to query cell oriented


reconfigured parameters.

For information about verification of reconfiguring handover algorithm parameters


based on non-coverage, see section "inter-frequency handover" and "inter-system
handover."

III. Examples
//Reconfigure cell hierarchical attribute and hierarchical priority
//(1) Query cell hierarchical attribute and hierarchical priority
LST CELLHCS: CellId=10101, LstFormat=VERTICAL;
//(2) Set cell hierarchical attribute and hierarchical priority
MOD CELLHCS: CELLID=10101, USEOFHCS=USED, HCSPRIORITYLEVEL=3;
//(3) Execute the LST CELLHCS command to check whether cell hierarchical
attribute and hierarchical priority are reconfigured.
LST CELLHCS: CellId=10101 LstFormat=VERTICAL;
// The output results indicate that the parameters are reconfigured

//Reconfigure RNC oriented speed estimation algorithm switch


//(1) Query RNC oriented speed estimation algorithm switch
LST CORRMALGOSWITCH: LstFormat=VERTICAL;
//(2) Set RNC oriented speed estimation algorithm switch
SET CORRMALGOSWITCH: HOSWITCH=HCS_SPD_EST_SWITCH-1;
//(3)Execute the LST CORRMALGOSWITCH command to check whether RNC oriented
speed estimation algorithm switch are reconfigured.
LST CORRMALGOSWITCH: LstFormat=VERTICAL;
//The output results indicate that the parameters are reconfigured

//Reconfigure RNC oriented HCS speed estimation algorithm parameters


//(1)Query RNC oriented HCS speed estimation algorithm parameters
LST HCSHO: LstFormat=VERTICAL;
//(2) Set RNC oriented HCS speed estimation algorithm parameters
SET

HCSHO:

TFastSpdEst=180,

NFastSpdEst=15,

TCycleSlow=60,

TSlowSpdEst=240, NSlowSpdEst=3, TRelateLength=10;


//(3) Execute the LST HCSHO command to check whether RNC oriented HCS
speed estimation algorithm parameters are reconfigured.

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LST HCSHO: LstFormat=VERTICAL;


//The output results indicate that the parameters are reconfigured

//Reconfigure cell oriented HCS speed estimation algorithm parameters


//(1) Query cell oriented HCS speed estimation algorithm parameters
LST CELLHCSHO: CellId=10101, LstFormat=VERTICAL;
//(2) Set cell oriented HCS speed estimation algorithm parameters
MOD

CELLHCSHO:

CellId=10101,

TFastSpdEst=180,

NFastSpdEst=15,

TCycleSlow=60, TSlowSpdEst=240, NSlowSpdEst=3, TRelateLength=10;


//(3)Execute the LST CELLHCSHO command to check whether cell oriented HCS
speed estimation algorithm parameters are reconfigured
LST CELLHCSHO: CellId=10101 LstFormat=VERTICAL;
//The output results indicate that the parameters are reconfigured

19.6.3 Disabling HCS Handover


I. Method of Disabling HCS handover
To disable the HCS handover, perform the following commands:
1)

Execute the MOD CELLHCSHO command to disable cell oriented HCS


handover.

2)

Execute the SET CORRMALGOSWITCH command to disable RNC oriented


HCS handover.

II. Verification of the disabled feature


1)

Execute the LST CELLHCSHO command to check whether cell oriented HCS
handover is disabled.

2)

Execute the LST CORRMALGOSWITCH command to check whether RNC


oriented HCS handover is disabled.

III. Examples
//(1) Disable cell oriented HCS handover
ADD CELLHCSHO: CellId=10101, SpdEstSwitch=OFF;

//(2) Execute the LST CELLHCSHO command to check whether the SpdEstSwitch
is OFF
LST CELLHCSHO: CellId=10101, LstFormat=VERTICAL;
//The output results show that the SpdEstSwitch is OFF.

//(3) Deactivate RNC oriented HCS handover


SET CORRMALGOSWITCH: HOSWITCH=HCS_SPD_EST_SWITCH-0

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//(4)

Execute

Chapter 19 HCS Handover

the

LST

CORRMALGOSWITCH

command

to

check

whether

RNC

oriented HCS_SPD_EST_SWITCH is 0
LST CORRMALGOSWITCH: LstFormat=VERTICAL;
//The output results show that the HCS_SPD_EST_SWITCH is 0

19.7 Maintenance Information


19.7.1 MML commands

ADD CELLHCS
This command is executed to set the attributes of HCS in UMTS cell.

ADD GSMCELL
This command is executed to set the attributes of HCS in GSM cell.

SET HCSHO
This command is executed to set RNC oriented algorithm parameters for HCS
handover.

ADD CELLHCSHO
This command is executed to set cell oriented algorithm parameters for HCS
handover.

19.7.2 Alarms
None.

19.7.3 Counters
None.

19.8 References

3GPP TS 23.331 "Radio Resource Control (RRC); protocol specification".

3GPP TS 25.304 "User Equipment (UE) procedures in idle mode and procedures
for cell reselection in connected mode".

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