Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 34

BRC/REP/1104102/2011

18/05/2011

To,
Maad Realtors & Infra Pvt. Ltd.
Site: Village: Ovla,
Ghodbunder Road,Thane.
SUBJECT
:
REFERENCE :

SUB- SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT


PROPOSED SITE FOR HIGHRISE PLOT BEARING OLD
S.NO.87/3(P)& NEW S.NO.117/3B, 117/3C, 117/3D
AT VILLAGE OVLA, GHODBUNDER ROAD, THANE
(MAHARASTRA).

Dear Sirs,
With reference to the on Sub soil exploration above referred site investigation, herewith, we are
submitting detailed Sub Soil Investigation Report based, physical and engineering testing of
soil characteristics.
This report is based on three boreholes, one borehole data up to 20.00m (BH-01) and two
boreholes data up to 9.00m (BH-02/03) depth from ground level. Borehole test locations were
selected with engineer in-charge. If any change in strata other than the location of the borehole
mentioned in this report is observed at the time of excavation, it is advisable to contact us
immediately for further investigation.
Thanking you.
Sincerely Yours,
For Bhumi Research Center
Authorised Signatory

REPORT
ON
SUB-SOIL
INVESTIGATION

Name of Work:

Proposed site for Highrise Plot Bearing Old


S.No: 87/3(P) & NEW S.No: 117/3B, 117/3C,
117/3D, At Village: Ovla, Ghodbandar Road,
Thane (Maharastra).

Client:

Maad Realtors & Infra Pvt. Ltd.

Project No.:

1104102

Month:

April 2011

Prepared By
Bhumi Research Center
(Government Approved Laboratory)

2/1362, Bhumi House,


Sagrampura, Opp: Sub Jail,
Ring Road, Surat-395002.
Phone: 2363600, 2363700.

CONTENTS
SR. NO.

TITLE

SHEET NO.

01

INTRODUCTION

01

02

SITE INFORMATION

02

03

FIELD WORK

02

04

SUB SOIL STRATIFICATION

05

05

ANALYSIS OF DATA

06

06

BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL

11

07

SUMMARY of SBC

12

08

CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION

14

09

10

TABLES
9.1) FIELD PROGRAM SUMMARY

16

9.2) SUMMARY OF GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS

19

9.3) SHEAR & SWELLING PARAMETERS

22

FIGURES
10.1) LOCATION MAP

23

11

BORE LOG OF EXPLORATION

24

12

IS CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL

30

13

REFERENCES/BIBLIOGRAPHY

31

REPORT ON SUB SOIL EXPLORATION


1.0

INTRODUCTION:

The investigation of the site is an essential prerequisite to the construction of all civil
engineering works with a view to assess the general suitability of the site for the proposed new
works and to enable in preparing an adequate and economic design.
In particular, it is necessary to assess the changes that may occur during or after the
construction of structure due to the choice of materials or methods of construction, which may
adversely affect safety of structure or after its performance or utility.
It is usually judicious to collect information relating to the site prior to commencing its
exploration. The exploration of the site for an important structure requires the exploration and
sampling of all strata likely to be significantly affected by the structural load. The extent of this
exploration will depend on the site and structure.
All structures rest on the foundation soil and their performance depends on soil behavior. Soil
forms the most widely used material of construction of earth dams, roads and canals. To study
the behavior of soil in foundation or earthwork engineering, properties of soil under the actual
field conditions have to be obtained.
Soil mechanics is the application of the laws of mechanics and hydraulics to engineering
problems dealing with sediments and other unconsolidated accumulation of solid particles
produced by the mechanical and chemical disintegration of rocks, regardless of whether or not
they contain an admixture of organic constituent.
Soil mechanics provides guidance in design of foundations, rigid & flexible pavements,
underground and earth retaining structures, embankments and excavations and earth dams. Soil
engineering embodies the use of best practices in exploration, testing, design & construction
controls.
Soil exploration provides the detailed sub soil conditions such as Stratification, Hardness &
Denseness of the strata, Water table level, Compressibility, Soil stability, Stress analysis,
Shearing resistance & Failure analysis.

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
01

This complete report is very much useful for


 Calculation of Safe Bearing Capacity (SBC) of the soil,
 The Estimation & provision of the ground water table level in design of foundation and
if needed to decide upon the method to solve the ground water problem,
 To select an Economical yet safe Design of foundation,
 The Economical optimization of foundation design,
 The Foundation settlement analysis & to provide provision for the same in design,
 To check the probability of Liquefaction of the soil,
 To forecast the difficulties which are likely to be encountered due to the nature of
subsoil during construction and to take advance action in that regard.
A detailed foundation investigation work for the above-subjected work was entrusted to Bhumi
Research Center, Surat by client. After visiting the site jointly; it was decided to drill 03 No
boreholes, one borehole data up to 20.00m (BH-01) and two boreholes data up to 9.00m (BH02/03) depth from GL by rotary drilling with kalex machine at various locations. The locations
of boreholes were decided with client.
2.0

SITE INFORMATION:

The data supplied by the owner are as under:


1) Site:

Proposed site for Highrise Plot Bearing Old S.No: 87/3(P) & New
S.No: 117/3B, 117/3C, 117/3D, At Village: Ovla, Ghodbandar Road,
Thane (Maharastra).

2) Client:

Maad Realtors & Infra Pvt. Ltd.

3.0

FIELD INVESTIGATION:

Three boreholes, one borehole data up to 20.00m (BH-01) and two boreholes data up to
9.00m (BH-02/03) depth from Ground Level by Rotary drilling with Kalex machine from
19/04/2011 to 01/05/2011. Summary of Field Work is given under Table 9.1.
The disturbed soil samples have been collected by Split Spoon Sampler at every meter or
as per strata change and recording of the soil strata change.
The Undisturbed samples have been collected in 70 mm x 600 mm long thin walled
sampler as per IS 2132:1981 at every 2 m depth interval or as per requirement of

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
02

foundation depth investigation or change in strata whichever met earlier. The sampler has
smooth surface and appropriate area ratio and cutting edge angle as required by IS
1892:1972 to ensure minimum disturbance of soil during sampling.
The Standard Penetration Test (SPT) has been conducted as per IS 2131:1981 at every 2.0
m depth interval or as per requirement of foundation depth investigation or change in strata
whichever met earlier, using Split Spoon Sampler confirming IS 9640:1980. The SPT
Spoon having 50.2mm O.D.*35.0mm I.D. was lowered inside the borehole on a string of
drill rods and number of blows for 300 mm penetration of SPT spoon after 150mm as
testing drive were recorded under the free fall of 65.0 kg hammer from 750mm height. A
true vertical free fall of hammer was observed. SPT N values are given under Table 9.1,
and are also shown graphically in Fig. 10.2.
Ground Water Table:
The ground water table was not observed up to investigation depth in all the boreholes
from G.L during sub soil exploration carried out in April 2011.
Laboratory works:
Following laboratory tests were carried out to determine the engineering properties of
disturbed and undisturbed soil samples. All samples were tested for classification and
specific gravity. The test results are incorporated along with bore log exploration datasheet.
The tests were conducted as per relevant Indian Standards as mentioned below.
Name of Test
Confirming to IS No.
1) Sieve Analysis
IS 2720 Part 4-1976
2) Atterberg Limit

IS 2720 Part 5-1985


(Reaffirmed 2001)

3) FDD FMC
4) Specific Gravity

IS 2720 Part 9
IS 2720 Part 3- Section 2-1980
(Reaffirmed 1997)

5) Shear Parameters

IS 2720 Part 13-1986


(Reaffirmed 1997)

6) Consolidation

IS 2720 Part 15- 1965


(Reaffirmed 1997)

7) Swell Pressure
8) Swelling Index

IS 2720 Part 41
IS 2720 Part 40-1977
(Reaffirmed 1997)

9) Shrinkage Limit
Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
03

IS 2720 Part 6-1972

(Reaffirmed 2001)

The tests were conducted as per relevant Indian Standards as mentioned above.
4.0

SUB SOIL STRATIFICATION:


4.1 Analysis of data:
The field data and laboratory classification reveal stratification in general as given under.
Borehole 01

4.1.1 Layer 1: This layer from GL to 1.80m i.e. 1.80m thick layer is Fill up soil. The
percentage of silt & clay is 34, the percentage of sand is 56 & the percentage of gravel
is 11.
4.1.2 Layer 2: This layer from 1.80m to 3.00m i.e. 1.20m thick layer is yellowish clayey
sand with soft murrum. The percentage of silt & clay is 42, the percentage of sand is 48
& the percentage of gravel is 10.
4.1.3 Layer 3: This layer from 3.00m to 4.50m i.e. 1.50m thick layer is brownish soft to
hard murrum. The percentage of silt & clay is 17, the percentage of sand is 65 & the
percentage of gravel is 19.
4.1.4 Layer 4: This layer from 4.50m to 6.00m i.e. 1.50m thick layer is grayish hard
murrum to soft rock. The percentage of silt & clay is 15, the percentage of sand is 70 &
the percentage of gravel is 15.
4.1.5 Layer 5: This layer from 6.00m to 10.50m i.e. 4.50m thick layer is rock up to 10.50m
depth. High core recovery but low RQD. The layer consists of Dark grayish coloured
moderately weathered rock with filled up with calcite dots up to 10.50m depth. This
layer is having core recovery of around 10 to 60% but RQD varies from Nil to 36%.
4.1.6 Layer 6: This layer from 10.50m to 16.00m i.e. 5.50m thick layer is rock up to
16.00m depth. Low core recovery but low RQD. The layer consists of blackish
moderately weathered with calcite dots & some fractures are observed on the surface of
the rock up to 16.00m depth. This layer is having core recovery of around 50 to 80%
but RQD varies from 33 to 40%.
4.1.7 Layer 7: This layer from 16.00m to 20.00m i.e. up to investigation depth is consists of
blackish weathered rock filled up with calcite dots. This layer is having core recovery
of around 90% but RQD varies from 53 to 83%.

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
04

Borehole 02
4.2.1 Layer 1: This layer from GL to 2.00m i.e. 2.00m thick layer is Fill up soil. The
percentage of silt & clay is 69, the percentage of sand is 24 & the percentage of gravel
is 08.
4.2.2 Layer 2: This layer from 2.00m to 3.00m i.e. 1.00m thick layer is yellowish clayey
sand with soft murrum. The percentage of silt & clay is 27, the percentage of sand is 57
& the percentage of gravel is 16.
4.2.3 Layer 3: This layer from 3.00m to 4.00m i.e. 1.00m thick layer is brownish soft to
hard murrum. The percentage of silt & clay is 14, the percentage of sand is 62 & the
percentage of gravel is 25.
4.2.4 Layer 4: This layer from 4.00m to 6.00m i.e. 2.00m thick layer is grayish hard
murrum to soft rock. The percentage of silt & clay is 12, the percentage of sand is 64 &
the percentage of gravel is 24.
4.2.5 Layer 5: This layer from 6.00m to 9.00m i.e. up to investigation depth is consists of
the layer of blackish soft weathered rock with calcite dots up to investigation depth.
This layer is having core recovery of around 10 to 53% but RQD varies from Nil to
36%.
Borehole 03
4.3.1 Layer 1: This layer from GL to 2.10m i.e. 2.10m thick layer is Fill up soil. The
percentage of silt & clay is 26, the percentage of sand is 72 & the percentage of gravel
is 02.
4.3.2 Layer 2: This layer from 2.10m to 4.50m i.e. 2.40m thick layer is brownish to
yellowish soft to hard murrum. The percentage of silt & clay varies from 12 to 14, the
percentage of sand varies from 61 to 66 & the percentage of gravel varies from 20 to
27.
4.3.3 Layer 3: This layer from 4.50m to 5.50m i.e. 1.00m thick layer is grayish hard
murrum to soft rock. The percentage of silt & clay is 08, the percentage of sand is 55 &
the percentage of gravel is 37.
4.3.4 Layer 4: This layer from 5.50m to 9.00m i.e. up to investigation depth is consists of
the layer of blackish soft weathered rock with calcite dots up to investigation depth.

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
05

This layer is having core recovery of around 10 to 53% but RQD varies from Nil to
36%.
Sieve analysis was performed by using IS sieves of size 4.75mm, 2.00mm, 0.425mm &
0.075mm & 0.002mm for obtaining particle size distribution i.e., Gravel, Sand & Silt +
Clay of Disturbed, Undisturbed & SPT samples. The grain size distributions are tabulated
under Table 9.2 indicating coarse, medium & fine grain & shown graphically in Fig 10.3.
5.0

Analysis of data:
The field data and laboratory classification reveal stratification in general as given under.

5.1

Standard Penetration Resistance:


A comparative study of the SPT N Values (No of blows per 300mm penetration) has
been done. The SPT N Values observed as >50 for 300mm penetration for both the
boreholes which indicate very dense silty sand strata up to 5.00m to 6.00m depth
followed by weathered rock up to investigation depth. The average corrected SPT N
values worked out as >50 for BH-01/02/03. These are corrected for OBP only. The
values of N are reported and shown graphically in Fig. 10.2. The relationship between
N value & consistency, N value & denseness are as under

5.2

N Value

0-2

2-4

4-8

8-15

15-30

>30

Consistency

Very Soft

Soft

Medium

Stiff

Very Stiff

Hard

0-4
N Value
Very Loose
Denseness
Laboratory Tests:

4-10
Loose

10-30
Medium

30-50
Dense

>50
Very Dense

The laboratory tests were conducted on Disturbed and Undisturbed samples. The results
are given in Bore Logs. From the test results, following interpretations are made.
5.2.1 Dry Density and Moisture content:
The insitu dry unit weight of soil is needed for stability analysis, for the determination of
the degree of compaction, for evaluation of void ratio and thereby to find out degree of
saturation etc. The results are tabulated under Table 9.1 & it is compared with
Atterberg limits in Fig.10.2.
5.2.2 Atterberg Limits:

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
06

The liquid and plastic limits of soils are both dependent on the amount and type of clay in
a soil and from the basis for the soil classification system for cohesive soils based on the
plasticity tests. Besides their use for identification, the plasticity tests give information
concerning the cohesion properties of soil and the amount of capillary properties of soil
and the amount of capillary water, which it can hold. The results are tabulated under
Table 9.2
5.2.3 Specific Gravity:
It has application in finding out the degree of saturation and unit weight of moist soil.
The Specific Gravity is important parameter for finding out various engineering
parameters like void ratio, degree of saturation, shear failure, etc. and is also needed in
pressure, settlement and stability problems in soil engineering. In order to determine
Specific gravity of soil, undisturbed samples were selected for all the Boreholes. The Sp.
Gr. Range is 2.57 for Borehole-01.
5.2.4 Shear parameters:
The controlled strain method was used in case of shear test. These parameters are used in
evaluation of stability analysis and in evaluation of ultimate bearing capacity. The
cylindrical specimen for triaxial compression (without the measurement of pore water
pressure) was prepared from undisturbed sample. Shear as well as Triaxial Compression
Test (Unconsolidated Undrained) was conducted.
Direct Shear Test was conducted on specimen remoulded at FDD and submerged for 24
hrs saturation.
Triaxial Compression (Unconsolidated Undrain Condition) test was conducted without
the measurement of pore water pressure on undisturbed mould specimen.
These results for individual samples are summarized under Table No. 9.3.
5.2.5 Swelling Characteristics:
Soil sample at and below the foundation depth from GL was tested for swelling
characteristics.
The Shrinkage limit range is 19% for BH 01.
These characteristics show low expansive nature of stratum at foundation depth from GL.

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
07

5.2.6 Consolidation Characteristics:


The main purpose of consolidation tests is to obtain soil data, which are used in
predicting the rate and the amount of settlement of the structure. Compression index Cc
indicates the magnitude of compression and the over consolidation pressure Pc indicates
the compaction of strata at natural condition. This test gives the values of various
parameters as under @ the foundation depth. This test is not performed.
The specific density & compressive strength of the selected rock core samples has been
tested in laboratory for engineering properties. The results are tabulated in Table 10.3 &
10.4.
5.3

ROCK CLASSIFICATION:
The rock mechanics is the science which deals with the properties of rocks & the special
methods related with the design & construction of engineering works on rock, through
the rock & below the rock. The rock is the consolidated, coherent & relatively hard
portion of the earths crust. It is a naturally formed solidly bounded mass of mineral
matter which cannot be readily broken by hand & which dose not disintegrated on its first
wetting & drying cycle. The actual behavior of the rocks mass subjected to a change in
stress is governed by the mechanical properties of the rock materials & the geological
discontinuation such as faults, joints, fissures, etc.

5.3.1 Classification Based on RQD


The rock quality designation (RQD) is primary rock classification criteria. This is defined
as percentage ratio of total length of cores in pieces of 10cm & more length to the length
of core drilling cutter run. The classification based on RQD is as under.

Sr. No.

RQD

Classification

100 to 90

Excellent Rock

90 to 75

Good Rocks

75 to 50

Fair Rocks

50 to 25

Poor Rocks

<25

Very Poor Rock

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
08

5.3.2 Rock Classification Based on Joint & Beddings


As the strength of a rock mass is considerably reduced due to the presence of
discontinuities. Moreover, the degree of such reduction depends upon the spacing,
orientation and size of the discontinuities.
By the Deer, 1968 & Singh 1990, following rock classification has described based on
discontinuities & beddings.
Average spacing of
discontinuities

Joint Descriptions

Bedding
Descriptions

Rock Quality

Grater than 3.00m

Very wide

Very Thick

Solid rock

1.00 to 3.00m

Wide

Thick

Massive Rock

0.30 to 1.00m

Moderately close

Medium

Blocky Rock

0.05 to 0.30m

Close

Thin

Fractured Rock

Less than 0.05m

Very close

Very thin

Crushed Rock

5.3.3 Classifications of Rock for Engineering Purpose:


Bieniawski gave the geomechanical classification system, which is commonly used for
engineering purposes. It provides rock mass rating (RMR) values for different rocks.
The RMR value depends upon the rock quality and it may vary from 0 to 100. The
RMR is depends on five universal parameters as follows
1. Strength of rock

4. Joint characteristics

2. Drill core quality

5. Ground water conditions.

3. Joint spacing
The sum of all increment of rock mass rating corresponding to each parameter is
determined as RMR. The classification base on RMR as under

Project No.
1104102

Class

Description of Rock mass

RMR

Very good rock

81-100

II

Good rock

61-80

III

Fair rock

41-60

IV

Poor rock

21-40

Very poor rock

0-20

Sheet No.
09

Strength Classification of Intact Rocks:


Intact rocks can be classified accordingly to the unconfined compressive strength.
Deere and Miller suggested the classification as follows

Unconfined Uniaxial

Class

Description

Grater than 224

Very high strength rock

112-224

High strength rock

56-112

Medium strength rock

28-56

Low strength rock

Less than 28

Very low strength rock

compressive strength (MPa)

All individual sample classifications are tabulated in Table10.3 & 10.4

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
010

6.0

Safe Bearing Capacity (SBC)


Safe Bearing Capacity (SBC) based on Shear failure criterion and Safe Bearing
Pressure (SBP) based on 75 mm settlement (IS 1904: 1986) criterion is worked out.
The allowable bearing capacity shall be taken from the following values whichever is
less.
a) SBC based on Shear parameters: The Net Safe bearing capacity (SBC) based
on shear failure criterion. The Safe Bearing Capacity has been computed based on
shear strength characteristics. The evaluation of SBC is as per Indian Standard IS
6403:1981(Reaffirmed 1997).
b) SBP based on Consolidation parameters: The net safe bearing pressure that
can be impressed on maximum settlement of 75mm (permissible value for isolated
foundations on plastic clay, silt or sandy strata as given in IS 1904: 1986). The Total
settlement has considered as per IS 8009 (Part: I) 1976 (Reaffirmed 1993.).
c) SBC & SBP based on SPT N Value: Based on foundation depth, the average
corrected SPT N-value is worked out least as 18 no. of blows/300 mm penetration.
These are corrected for OBP only.
The safe settlement pressure is calculated by the empirical method based on N-value
as per IS 6403:1981 & IS 8009 (Part-1):1976 for usual size footings.

We have considered following parameters for SBC & SBP calculations. Based on these
values we have calculated SBC as follows
Settlement
Soil Parameter
Parameters
Based on
Sr.
Boreh
FDD
G
Depth RL
C
(gm/cc)
Test
No.
ole
Angle
(kg/c

Cc
Pc
Mv
m2)
Shear Lab
Up to 6.00m
33
#
1.64 2.57
BH-01 0.00
Test
1
Depth from GL
SPT-N
34
1.64 2.57
#
>7.00m
BH-01 0.00
Value Test
2
Rock
>7.00m
BH-01
#
2.06 2.60
3
Strength $

The SPT N Values observed are more then 50 for less than 150mm penetration, but we
have considered as N value as 50 & get value from Fig-01, IS 6403.

#: Settlement calculated based on SPT N values as >50.

$: From the rock strength, by considering the least strength of the rock & FOS as 25,
the SBC is recommended as 39 t/m2

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
011

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
012

10.00 20.00

12.00 20.00

15.00 20.00

20.00 20.00
6.00

10.00 20.00

12.00 20.00

15.00 20.00

20.00 20.00

6.00

6.00

6.00

6.00

6.50

6.50

6.50

6.50

6.50

10

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

C
2
(t/m )

33

33

33

33

33

33

33

33

33

33

1.64

1.64

1.64

1.64

1.64

1.64

1.64

1.64

1.64

1.64

FDD

(deg) (gm/cc)

2.57

2.57

2.57

2.57

2.57

2.57

2.57

2.57

2.57

2.57

Laboratory Data

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

Sub.
FDD

0.57

0.57

0.57

0.57

0.57

0.57

0.57

0.57

0.57

0.57

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 82.76

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 67.27

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 63.57

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 60.79

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 55.20

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 79.43

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 63.99

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 60.26

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 57.42

0.5 31.16 19.73 25.30 51.55

W'

33.60

33.93

34.26

34.60

35.96

33.60

33.93

34.26

34.60

35.96

33.60

33.93

34.26

34.60

35.96

33.60

33.93

34.26

34.60

35.96

SBP for
total SBC ##
Inter polation Values SBC Settleme
25
2
Nc
Nq
Ny (t/m ) t/m2
t/m2

## : The recommended SBC is based on mex allowable settlement of 25mm, As per IS 1904, Table-01, the allowable settlement for RCC
structures, isolated foundations on plastic silty clay is 75mm & on gravelsy & sandy soil it is 50mm.

20.00

6.00

6.00

20.00

Depth Width Length W/T


(m)
(m)
(m)
from
FGL(m)

Case

Foundation Details

7.1 (BH-01) Bearing Capacity Base on Shearing Characteristics:-

6.1

Pile Load Carrying Capacity


((IS 2911 (part-1/sec.1):1979 Reaff.1997)

Pile in Rock (Socket in weathered rock or hard rock)


Cole & Stroud Approach:
Qap =

CuNc
Fs

D2
4

Cu" DL
Fs

L
D
cu
Nc
Fs
/Fs
cu''

Length of socket(m)
Dia of Pile(m)
Shear Strength of rock below base of pile(t/m2)
Bearing capacity factor: taken as 9
FOS
0.3 Recommended value
Avg. shear strength of rock (Fig. 3.5.24)(t/m2)

Qap

Allowable Load on Pile (t)

1.00
0.45
150.00
9.00
3.00
0.30
50.00

1.00
0.50
150.00
9.00
3.00
0.30
50.00

1.00
0.60
150.00
9.00
3.00
0.30
50.00

1.00
1.00
150.00
9.00
3.00
0.30
50.00

92.78

111.92

155.51

400.55

This method of estimating pile capacity assumes that there is no contribution from side
friction above the socketed length. This is a very conservative assumptions but in our
case, there are SPT N values above rock surface is <5 blows. So we have considered
that way.
The capacity is adopted only when the necessary means and supervision are available
to clear the bottom of the hole from all debris and to provide proper end bearing for the
pile.
The pile capacity calculated based on field SPT N values as on rock surface they are in
range of 100 to 200 blows for 300mm penetration, the corrected SPT N values are not
considered.
We have considered theoretical rock bearing of the pile. But structural strength of the
pile is also to be checked for pile capacity. Minimum of the both are to be adopted for
execution.
The Experts opinion is advisable for selection of the pile type & proper pile design.
To arrive at the safe load in case of pile load carrying capacity, factor of safety in
accordance with clause 5.8 of IS 2911 Part-3 1980 is considered.
The pile load test on test pile & routing test of pile are advisable for predicting load
carrying capacity of a pile. The values reported are based on theoretical formulae.
Proper group efficiency factor shall be considered if no. of piles is provided based on
no. of piles in a group.
Buckling of the long pile above the rock surface is to be checked for safe loading.

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
013

8.0

CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION:

Proposed site for Highrise Plot Bearing Old S.No: 87/3(P) & New S.No: 117/3B, 117/3C,
117/3D, At Village: Ovla, Ghodbandar Road, Thane (Maharastra), was explored by three
boreholes, one borehole data up to 20.00m (BH-01) and two boreholes data up to 9.00m
(BH-02/03) depth from GL at different locations. The subsequent field and laboratory test
results show that
1. The site is leveled & all levels mentioned in this report are w.r.t. this ground level Plot
level.
2.

BH-01
a. In general, Sub soil mainly comprises of Fill up soil up to 1.80m depth followed by
yellowish clayey sand with soft murrum up to 3.00m depth followed by brownish
soft to hard murrum up to 4.50m depth followed by grayish hard murrum to soft
rock up to 6.00m depth followed by Dark grayish coloured moderately weathered
rock with filled up with calcite dots up to 10.50m. This layer is having core
recovery of around 10 to 60% but RQD varies from Nil to 36% up to 12.00m depth
followed by Blackish moderately weathered with calcite dots & some fractures are
observed on the surface of the rock up to 16.00. This layer is having core recovery
of around 60 to 75% but RQD varies from 33 to 36% up to 16.00m depth followed
by blackish weathered rock filled up with calcite dots This layer is having core
recovery of around 90% but RQD varies from 53 to 83% up to investigation depth.

3.

BH-02,
a. The sub soil consists of Fill up soil up to 2.00m depth yellowish clayey sand with
soft murrum up to 3.00m depth followed by brownish soft to hard murrum up to
4.00m depth followed by grayish hard murrum to soft rock up to 6.00m depth
followed by the rock layer consists of blackish soft weathered rock with calcite dots
up to investigation depth. This layer is having core recovery of around 10 to 53%
but RQD varies from Nil to 24% up to investigation depth.

4.

BH-03,
a. The sub soil consists of Fill up soil up to 2.10m depth followed by brownish to
yellowish soft to hard murrum up to 4.50m depth followed by grayish hard murrum
to soft rock up to 5.50m depth followed by grayish hard murrum to soft rock up to

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
014

6.00m depth followed by the rock layer consists of blackish soft weathered rock
with calcite dots up to investigation depth. This layer is having core recovery of
around 10 to 53% but RQD varies from Nil to 24% up to investigation depth.
5.

The ground water table was not observed up to investigation depth in all the three
boreholes from GL during sub soil exploration carried out in April2011. But, the effect
of water table is considered at ground level in evaluation of SBC & settlement values.

6.

Foundation Depth & Safe Bearing Capacity is recommended for various size
foundations as shown in Para 7.1 with SBC calculation sheet & Table for various
size combinations.

7.

Also, pile capacity is discussed above in Section 6.1

8.

These values of SBC/ SBP are only for symmetric static loading conditions. The inclined
& dynamic loading condition has not considered while computing the Safe Bearing
Capacity (SBC).

9.

The strata at the foundation depth from Ground Level show low swelling characteristics
in all the three boreholes.

10. Engineering properties of strata below foundation level, i.e. void ratio (e), Coefficient of
uniformity (Cu), Plasticity index (Ip), D60, & Soil Classification and SPT-N value indicate
the strata up to investigation depth is having lower potential of liquefaction occurrence.
11. The value of SBC is based on fieldwork carried out from 03 No boreholes, one borehole
data up to 20.00m (BH-01) and two boreholes data up to 9.00m (BH-02/03) depth from
GL and laboratory test results of the samples collected from them. During excavation of
trenches, if any change in strata is found, it is advisable to report immediately for further
investigation.
For Bhumi Research Center
Authorized Signatory

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
015

TABLE 9.1.1
SUMMARY OF FIELD PROGRAMME
Reference Level :- Ground Level
Type of Boring :- Rotary drilling

Bore No. :- 01
Soil sampler used :- Shelby + SPT

Dia. of Boring :-150mm


W. T. from GL :- Not observed
Sr.
No.

Date of start :- 19/04/11


Completion Date:- 28/04/11
No. of blows
Depth from
Type of FDD
Type of Test
3
RL (m)
Sample (kN/m ) 150mm 150mm 150mm N per Penetratio
300mm
n, cm

0.00 to -0.50

Filled Up Soil

-1.50 to -1.95

-2.50 to -2.95 FDD/FMC

UDS

-3.00 to -3.45

SPT

D/S

32

50

>50

>50

8cm

-4.50 to -4.95

SPT

D/S

41

50

>50

6cm

-6.00 to -7.50

Core

-7.50 to -9.00

Core

-9.00 to -10.50

Core

-10.50 to -12.00

Core

10

-12.00 to -14.00

Core

11

-14.00 to -16.00

Core

12

-16.00 to -18.00

Core

13 -18.00 to -20.00
Abbreviations: -

Core

SPT

D/S
16.07

00

FDD/FMC

: Field Dry Density/ Field Moisture Content

UDS

: Undisturbed Sample

SPT

: Standard Penetration Test

D/S

: Disturbed Sample

: SPT-N values are corrected For OBP only.

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
016

TABLE 9.1.2
SUMMARY OF FIELD PROGRAMME
Reference Level :- Ground Level

Bore No. :- 02

Type of Boring :- Rotary drilling

Soil sampler used :- Shelby + SPT

Dia. of Boring :-150mm

Date of start :- 28/04/11

W. T. from GL :- Not Observed


Sr.
No.

Completion Date:- 29/04/11


No. of blows
Depth from
Type of FDD
Type of Test
3
RL (m)
Sample (kN/m ) 150mm 150mm 150mm N per
300mm

Corted
N#

0.00 to -0.50

-1.50 to -1.95

D/S

D/S

-2.50 to -2.95

D/S

D/S

-3.00 to -3.45

SPT

D/S

30

50

>50

10cm

-4.50 to -4.95

SPT

D/S

50

>50

7cm

-6.00 to -7.50

Core

-7.50 to -9.00

Core

Filled Up Soil

Abbreviations: FDD/FMC

: Field Dry Density/ Field Moisture Content

UDS

: Undisturbed Sample

SPT

: Standard Penetration Test

D/S

: Disturbed Sample

: SPT-N values are corrected For OBP only.

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
017

TABLE 9.1.3
SUMMARY OF FIELD PROGRAMME
Reference Level :- Ground Level

Bore No. :- 03

Type of Boring :- Rotary drilling

Soil sampler used :- Shelby + SPT

Dia. of Boring :-150mm

Date of start :- 30/04/11

W. T. from GL :- Not Observed


Sr.
No.

Completion Date:- 01/05/11


No. of blows
Depth from
Type of FDD
Type of Test
3
RL (m)
Sample (kN/m ) 150mm 150mm 150mm N per
300mm

Corted
N#

0.00 to -0.50

-1.50 to -1.95

D/S

D/S

-2.50 to -2.95

D/S

D/S

-3.00 to -3.45

SPT

D/S

30

50

>50

10cm

-4.50 to -4.95

SPT

D/S

50

>50

6cm

-6.00 to -7.50

Core

-7.50 to -9.00

Core

Filled Up Soil

Abbreviations: FDD/FMC

: Field Dry Density/ Field Moisture Content

UDS

: Undisturbed Sample

SPT

: Standard Penetration Test

D/S

: Disturbed Sample

: SPT-N values are corrected For OBP only.

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
018

TABLE 9.2.1
SUMMARY OF GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS
BORE HOLE NO: 01
Gravel
Depth from
Sample >4.75
RL
mm

(m)
0.00 to -0.50

D/s

-1.50 to -1.95

D/s

(%)

Sand
Silt+Clay
Liquid
4.75 mm-0.075mm <0.075
limit
mm
C
M
F

(%)

(%)

(%)

(%)

Classifi
Plastic Plastic
cation of NMC
Limit Inde5x
Soil

(%)

(%)

(%)

(%)

Filled Up Soil
11

23

28

34

36

15

21

SC

-2.50 to -2.95 UDS

10

37

42

37

19

17

SC

-3.00 to -3.45

19

20

37

17

39

NP

NP

SM

-4.50 to -4.95

15

47

14

15

30

NP

NP

SM

-6.00 to -7.50 Core


-7.50 to -9.00 Core
-9.00 to -10.50 Core
-10.50 to -12.00

Core

-12.00 to -14.00

Core

-14.00 to -16.00

Core

-16.00 to -18.00

Core

-18.00 to -20.00

Core

: Fine Grain

UDS :Undisturbed Sample

: Medium Grain

SPT : Standard Penetration Test

: Coarse Grain

D/S : Disturbed Sample

NP : Non Plastic nature

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
019

NMC : Natural Moisture content

TABLE 9.2.2
SUMMARY OF GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS
BORE HOLE NO: 02
Depth from
Sample
RL

Gravel
>4.75
mm

Sand
4.75 mm-0.075mm
C
M
F

Silt+Clay
<0.075
mm

Liquid
limit

(%)

(%)

(m)
0.00 to -0.50

D/S

-1.50 to -1.95

D/S

11

69

-2.50 to -2.95

D/S

16

25

27

-3.00 to -3.45

25

19

-4.50 to -4.95

24

10

18

(%)

(%)

(%)

(%)

Classifi
Plastic Plastic
cation of NMC
Limit Index
Soil

(%)

(%)

36

15

21

CI

27

37

19

17

SC

38

14

39

NP

NP

SM

36

12

30

NP

NP

SM

Filled Up Soil

-6.00 to -7.50 Core


-7.50 to -9.00 Core
F

: Fine Grain

UDS :Undisturbed Sample

: Medium Grain

SPT : Standard Penetration Test

: Coarse Grain

D/S : Disturbed Sample

NP : Non Plastic nature

Project No.
1104102

(%)

Sheet No.
020

NMC : Natural Moisture content

TABLE 9.2.3
SUMMARY OF GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS
BORE HOLE NO: 03
Depth from
Sample
RL

Gravel
>4.75
mm

Sand
4.75 mm-0.075mm
C
M
F

Silt+Clay
<0.075
mm

Liquid
limit

(%)

(%)

(m)
0.00 to -0.50

D/S

-1.50 to -1.95

D/S

49

17

26

-2.50 to -2.95

D/S

20

27

37

-3.00 to -3.45

27

16

-4.50 to -4.95

37

19

(%)

(%)

(%)

(%)

Classifi
Plastic Plastic
cation of NMC
Limit Index
Soil

(%)

(%)

36

15

21

SC

14

37

19

17

SC

40

12

39

NP

NP

SM

32

08

30

NP

NP

SP-SM

Filled Up Soil

-6.00 to -7.50 Core


-7.50 to -9.00 Core
F

: Fine Grain

UDS :Undisturbed Sample

: Medium Grain

SPT : Standard Penetration Test

: Coarse Grain

D/S : Disturbed Sample

NP : Non Plastic nature

Project No.
1104102

(%)

Sheet No.
021

NMC : Natural Moisture content

TABLE 9.3
STATEMENT SHOWING SHEAR & CONSOLIDATION PARAMETERS
Swelling
Characteristics

Shear parameters

Bore
hole
No.

Depth
from
GL
(m)

Classif
ication

01

2.50

SC

Type

c
kN/m2

Angle

Deg.

Swelling
Index

Shrinkage
Limit

DS

0.00

33

19

Consolidation
Parameters
Comp.
Pre Cons.
Index
Pressure
(Cc)
(Pc)
kN/m2

DS : Direct Shear on specimen remoulded on FDD and submerged for 24 hrs saturation
Tuu : Triaxial Compression (Unconsolidated Undrain Condition)
N.O.: Not Observed

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
022

Fig. 10
LOCATION MAP


Location Map not as per the scale

BH-02

BH-01

BH-03

R O A D

To, Ghodbandar

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
023

To, Thane

Depth from GL.

m
0.00 to -0.50

Sheet No.
024

6cm

-20.00

-18.00 to -20.00

Blackish weathered rock filled


up with calcite dots up to
investigation depth

Blackish moderately weathered


with calcite dots & some
fractures are observed on the
surface of the rock up to
16.00m

Dark grayish coloured


moderately weathered rock
with filled up with calcite dots
up to 10.50m

Grayish hard murrum to soft


rock up to 6.00m

Brownish soft to hard


murrum up to 4.50m

(>4.75 mm)

70

15

(<0.075mm)

37
39

30

15

36

Liquid Limit
(WL)

42
17

34

Atterberg Limits

Plastic Limit
(Wp)
NP

19
NP

15

Plasticity Index
(Ip)
NP

17
NP

21

SM

SC
SM

SC

IS Classification

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core The results of Rock core testing is attached separately.

48
65

56

10
19

11

(4.75mm to
0.075mm)

UDS
S

Core

Core

Vd

8cm

D/s

-16.00 to -18.00

Denseness of Strata

Vd

Yellowish clayey sand with


soft murrum up to 3.00m

Fill up soil up to 1.80m

Hatching
Core

>50

SPT-N Values

>50

Penetration of Sampler
at test termination

cm

Sample Designation

-14.00 to -16.00

-12.00 to -14.00

-10.50 to -12.00

-9.00 to -10.50

-7.50 to -9.00

-6.00 to -7.50

-4.50 to -4.95

-2.50 to -2.95
-3.00 to -3.45

-1.50 to -1.95

No.

Visual Identification of Soil


(<0.002mm)

Particle Size Analysis


Gravel Sand Silt+Clay

Bulk
1.78

Dry
1.64

g/cc

Field Density

(%)

Field Moisture Content


(FMC)
Specific Gravity (G)
2.57

Void Ratio (e)


0.57

Porosity ()
36.3

Shear Parameters

Type
DS

Cohesion (C)
0.00

33

kg/cm2 Deg.

Angle of
Shearing
Resistance ()

19/04/11
28/04/11

Swelling
Consolidation
Characteristics Characteristics

Field Work Started :Field Work Completed :-

19

Project No.
1104102

kg/cm2

Compression
Index Cc
Pre
Consolidation
Pressure (Pc)

Termination Depth : -20.00 m

Shrinkage Limit

Proposed site for Highrise at Village: Ovla, Ghodbandar Road, Thane (Maharastra).

Corrected SPT-'Nc'

No.

Sheet No.
24

Diff. Free
Swelling Index

11.1 SUMMARY OF GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION DATA

Remarks

Name of Work :Bore Hole No.

Water Table

NOT STRUCKED

Project No.
1104102

Depth from GL.

m
0.00 to -0.50

Sheet No.
025

>50

-4.50 to -4.95

-9.00

-7.50 to -9.00

-6.00 to -7.50

>50

No.

SPT-N Values

-2.50 to -2.95
-3.00 to -3.45

-1.50 to -1.95

Corrected SPT-'Nc'

No.

Denseness of Strata

Vd

Vd

Penetration of Sampler
at test termination

7cm

10cm

cm

Blackish soft weathered rock


with calcite dots up to
investigation depth

Grayish hard murrum to soft


rock up to 6.00m

Brownish soft to hard


murrum up to 4.00m

Yellowish clayey sand with


soft murrum up to 3.00m

Fill up soil up to 2.00m

Visual Identification of Soil

Sample Designation
Core

Core

D/S
S

D/S

(>4.75 mm)

24

16
25

(4.75mm to
0.075mm)

64

57
62

24

(<0.075mm)

37
39

30

12

36

Liquid Limit
(WL)

27
14

69

Atterberg Limits

Plastic Limit
(Wp)
NP

19
NP

15

Plasticity Index
(Ip)
NP

17
NP

21

IS Classification
SM

SC
SM

CI

g/cc

Field Density

Dry

Bulk

The results of Rock core testing is attached separately.

(<0.002mm)

(%)

Porosity ()

Shear Parameters

Cohesion (C)
kg/cm2 Deg.

Project No.
1104102

kg/cm2

28/04/11
29/04/11

Swelling
Characteristic
Characteristic
s
s

Angle of
Shearing
Resistance ()
Compression
Index Cc
Pre
Consolidation
Pressure (Pc)

Particle Size Analysis


Gravel Sand Silt+Clay
Field Moisture Content
(FMC)

Hatching

Field Work Started :Field Work


Completed :Consolidation

Shrinkage Limit

Type

Termination Depth : -9.00 m

Sheet No.
25

Diff. Free
Swelling Index

11.2 SUMMARY OF GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION DATA

Remarks

Proposed site for Highrise at Village: Ovla, Ghodbandar Road, Thane (Maharastra).
Name of Work :Bore Hole No.
2

Water Table

NOT STRUCKED

Project No.
1104102
Void Ratio (e)

Specific Gravity (G)

Depth from GL.

0.00 to -0.50

No.

SPT-N Values

Sheet No.
026

>50

-4.50 to -4.95

-9.00

-7.50 to -9.00

-6.00 to -7.50

>50

-2.50 to -2.95
-3.00 to -3.45

-1.50 to -1.95

Corrected SPT-'Nc'

No.

Denseness of Strata

Vd

Vd

Penetration of Sampler
at test termination

6cm

10cm

cm

Blackish soft weathered rock


with calcite dots up to
investigation depth

Grayish hard murrum to soft


rock up to 5.50m

Brownish to yellowish soft to


hard murrum up to 4.50m

Fill up soil up to 2.10m

Visual Identification of Soil


(>4.75 mm)

55

(<0.075mm)

36
37
39

30

14
12

Liquid Limit
(WL)

26

Atterberg Limits

Plastic Limit
(Wp)
NP

19
NP

15

Plasticity Index
(Ip)
SC
SM

SC

NP SP-SM

17
NP

21

IS Classification

Core

Core The results of Rock core testing is attached separately.

37

66
61

20
27

D/S
S

72

Sample Designation

(4.75mm to
0.075mm)

D/S

(<0.002mm)

g/cc

Field Density

(%)

Porosity ()
%

Shear Parameters

Cohesion (C)
kg/cm2

Deg.

Sheet No.
26

1104102

Project No.

kg/cm2

30/04/11
01/05/11

Swelling
Characteristic
Characteristic
s
s

Angle of
Shearing
Resistance ()
Compression
Index Cc
Pre
Consolidation
Pressure (Pc)

Particle Size Analysis


Gravel Sand Silt+Clay
Field Moisture Content
(FMC)

Dry

Bulk

Hatching

Field Work Started :Field Work


Completed :Consolidation

Shrinkage Limit

Type

Termination Depth : -9.00 m

Diff. Free
Swelling Index

11.3 SUMMARY OF GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION DATA

Remarks

Proposed site for Highrise at Village: Ovla, Ghodbandar Road, Thane (Maharastra).
Name of Work :Bore Hole No.
3

Water Table

NOT STRUCKED

Project No.
1104102
Void Ratio (e)

Specific Gravity (G)

Depth from R.L.

m
0.00 to -0.50

Sheet No.
027

-20.00

-18.00 to -20.00

Core

Core

-16.00 to -18.00

Blackish weathered rock filled up with


calcite dots up to investigation depth

Core

Core

-14.00 to -16.00

-12.00 to -14.00

Blackish moderately weathered with


calcite dots & some fractures are
observed on the surface of the rock up
to 16.00m

Core

Core

Core

-10.50 to -12.00

Hatching

Core

Dark grayish coloured moderately


weathered rock with filled up with
calcite dots up to 10.50m

Grayish hard murrum to soft rock up to


6.00m

Brownish soft to hard murrum.

Yellowish silty clay with soft murrum.

Sample Designation

-9.00 to -10.50

-7.50 to -9.00

-6.00 to -7.50

-4.50 to -4.95

-2.50 to -2.95
-3.00 to -3.45

-1.50 to -1.95

General

Fill up soil up to 1.80m

Core drilling Done

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

1.50

1.50

1.50

1.50

sample recovered

Total length of the

Core Recovery Ratio

>10cm

Core Received of size

Rock Density

g/cc

Water Absorption

Specific Gravity of

Rock

Designation

Rock Quality

1.80

1.80

1.50

1.30

0.90

0.90

0.80

0.15

90

90

75

65

60

60

53

10

1.65

1.05

0.72

0.80

0.50

0.34

0.36

Nil

83

53

36

40

33

23

24

Nil

2.79

2.80

2.78

2.73

2.75

2.75

2.71

0.47

0.47

0.74

0.86

0.92

2.87

1.52

2.87

2.86

2.87

2.80

2.83

2.79

2.78

The results of Soil testing is attached separately.

Wet

Wet

Wet

Wet

Wet

Wet

Wet

Test Condition

Project No.
1104102

0.03

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.01

0.03

19/04/11
28/04/11

Sheet No.
27

44.36

30.05

84.18

46.72

56.82

23.70

21.55

MPa Class

Quu

Unconfined comp.
strength

Rock

Visual observations
Porosity of Rock

Field Work Started :Field Work Completed :-

Classification

11.4 SUMMARY OF GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION DATA

10.74

9.92

8.93

2.98

3.31

3.97

4.13

Mpa

Point Load Index

Name of Work :- Proposed site for Highrise at Village: Ovla, Ghodbandar Road, Thane (Maharastra).
Bore Hole No.
1
Termination Depth : -20.00 m

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
028

Depth from R.L.

-9.00

-7.50 to -9.00

-6.00 to -7.50

-4.50 to -4.95

-2.50 to -2.95
-3.00 to -3.45

-1.50 to -1.95

m
0.00 to -0.50

Visual observations

General

Blackish soft weathered rock with


calcite dots up to investigation depth

Grayish hard murrum to soft rock up to


6.00m

Brownish soft to hard murrum.

Yellowish silty clay with soft murrum.

Fill up soil up to 2.00m

Sample Designation

Core

Core

D/S
S

D/S

Core drilling Done

1.50

1.50

Total length of the


sample recovered

Core Recovery Ratio

Core Received of size


>10cm

Rock Density

g/cc

Water Absorption

Specific Gravity of
Rock

Rock Quality
Designation

0.80

0.15

53

10

0.36

Nil

24

Nil

2.68

0.72

2.78

The results of Soil testing is attached separately.

Hatching

28/04/11
29/04/11

Sheet No.
28

Wet 26.73

4.13

MPa Class Mpa

Quu

Unconfined comp.
strength
Test Condition

Project No.
1104102

0.03

Porosity of Rock

Field Work Started :Field Work Completed :-

Rock
Classification

11.5 SUMMARY OF GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION DATA

Point Load Index

Name of Work :- Proposed site for Highrise at Village: Ovla, Ghodbandar Road, Thane (Maharastra).
Bore Hole No. 2
Termination Depth : -9.00 m

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
029

Depth from R.L.

General

-9.00

-7.50 to -9.00

-6.00 to -7.50

-4.50 to -4.95

Blackish soft weathered rock with


calcite dots up to investigation depth

Grayish hard murrum to soft rock up to


5.50m

Core

Core

D/S
S

Brownish to yellowish soft to hard


murrum.

-2.50 to -2.95
-3.00 to -3.45

Hatching

D/S

Fill up soil up to 2.10m

Sample Designation

-1.50 to -1.95

m
0.00 to -0.50

Visual observations
Core drilling Done

1.50

1.50

Total length of the


sample recovered

Core Recovery Ratio

Core Received of size


>10cm

Rock Density

g/cc

Water Absorption

%
%

Specific Gravity of
Rock

Rock Quality
Designation

0.80

0.15

53

10

0.36

Nil

24

Nil

2.78

0.76

2.79

The results of Soil testing is attached separately.

30/04/11
01/05/11

Sheet No.
29

Wet 40.66

4.13

MPa Class Mpa

Quu

Unconfined comp.
strength
Test Condition

Project No.
1104102

0.01

Porosity of Rock

Field Work Started :Field Work Completed :-

Rock
Classification

11.6 SUMMARY OF GEOTECHNICAL EXPLORATION DATA

Point Load Index

Name of Work :- Proposed site for Highrise at Village: Ovla, Ghodbandar Road, Thane (Maharastra).
Bore Hole No. 3
Termination Depth : -9.00 m

Project No.
1104102

12.0 IS CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL


GW:

Well graded gravels, gravel sand mixtures; little or no fines

GP:

Poorly graded gravels or gravel-sand mixtures; little or no fines

SW:

Well graded sands, gravelly sands; little or no fines

SP:

Poorly graded sands or gravelly sands; little or no fines

GM:

Silty gravels, poorly graded gravel-sand-silt mixtures

SM:

Silty sands, poorly graded sand-silt mixtures

GC:

Clayey gravels, poorly graded gravel-sand-clay mixtures

SC:

Clayey sands, poorly graded sand-clay mixtures

ML:

Inorganic silts and very fine sands rock flour, silty or clayey fine sands or
clayey silts with none to low plasticity

MI:

Inorganic silts, silty or clayey fine sands or clayey silts of medium plasticity

MH:

Inorganic silts of high compressibility, micaceous or diatomaceous fine sandy


or silty soils, elastic silts

CL:

Inorganic clays, gravelly clays, sandy clays, silty clays, lean clays of low
plasticity

CI:

Inorganic clays, gravelly clays, sandy clays, silty clays, lean clays of medium
plasticity

CH:

Inorganic clays of high plasticity, fat clays

Pt:

Peat & other highly organic soils with very high compressibility

OL,OI,OH:

Project No.
1104102

Organic soil

Sheet No.
030

13.0 REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY


INDIAN STANDARDS

IS 8763 - 1978

DESCRIPTION

Guide for Undisturbed Sampling of Sand

(Reaffirmed 1997)

Code of practice for Thin Walled Tube Sampling of soils (UDS)

IS 2132 - 1986
(Reaffirmed 1997)

Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) for soils

IS 2131 - 1981
(Reaffirmed 1997)

IS 4968 (Part-1) 1976

Method for Subsurface Sounding for Soils. Dynamic method


using 50mm Cone without Bentonite Slurry.

IS 10042 - 1981
(Reaffirmed 1997)

Code of Practice for Site Investigation for Foundation in GravelBoulder Deposit

IS 1892-1979

Code of Practice for Subsurface Investigation for Foundation

IS 2720

Various Method of Test for Soils

IS 2809-1972

Glossary of Terms and Symbols relating to Soil Engineering

IS 1498 - 1970

Classification and Identification of Soils for General Engineering


Purposes

(Reaffirmed 1997)

IS 1904 1986

Code for Practice for Design and Construction of Foundation in


Soils: General Requirements

IS 6403-1981

Code of Practice for Determination of Bearing Capacity of


Shallow Foundation

(Reaffirmed 1997)

IS 8009 Part 1 - 1976


(Reaffirmed 1993)

Project No.
1104102

Sheet No.
031

Code of practice for Calculation of Settlements of Foundations


(Shallow foundations subjected to symmetrical static vertical
loads)