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CRE Theory Questions (All Chapters-Mixed)

1. Explain different methods for determining the kinetics of a particular reaction. (5 Marks)
A: - The methods used for determining the kinetics of a particular reaction are
a. Integral Method In case of integral method of analysis of rate data we assume a particular
form of rate equation, do the integration and mathematical manipulations, and then finally
check whether the plot of a certain conc. function vs. time yields a straight line or not. After
plotting the data if we obtain a reasonably good straight line then we surely say that the rate
equation satisfactorily fits the data.
b. Differential Method In case of differential method of analysis, we assume a particular
form of rate equation and test the fit of the rate equation to the data directly, without any
1 dN
integration. Here we have to find out
from the data, as the rate equation is a
V dt
differential equation, before attempting the fitting procedure.
c. Initial Rate Method d. Half-life Method e. Ostwalds Isolation Method

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2. Explain in short non-elementary reactions and how to find out its rate expression. (5 Marks)
A: - Definition - A non-elementary reaction is the one whose stoichiometry does not match with
its kinetic, i.e., for such a reaction, the reaction order and the stoichiometric co-efficient are not
How to find out rate expression for non-elementary reactions To explain the kinetics of
non-elementary reactions, we assume that the over all reaction is the result of a series of elementary
reactions that involve the formation and subsequent reaction of the intermediate species. In testing of
kinetic model all that we have to do is assume the model, obtain the kinetic expression and see
whether the predicted rate expression corresponds to the experiment.
3. Differentiate between fixed bed reactor and fluidized bed reactor
Fixed Bed reactor
Fluidized Bed Reactor
1. There is hot spots formation in this 1. There is no hot spots formation in
type of reactor.
this type of reactor.
2. Position of the catalyst is fixed as 2. The catalyst floats inside the
they are filled in the tubes.
reactor and represent a boiling liquid.
3. Regeneration of catalyst on a 3. Regeneration of catalyst on a
frequent basis is not possible.
frequent basis is possible.
4. Temperature inside the reactor 4. As this reactor resembles CSTR the
varies at different places and thus the temperature over the reactor remains
temperature control is not possible
constant and hence temperature
control is comparatively feasible.
5. The cost of construction is low but 5. Cost of construction and operation
operating cost is high.
both are comparatively higher
is 6.
comparatively low
comparatively very high.
4. Define Space time and space velocity {pg.no. - 3.19}
5. Derive the performance equation of an ideal batch reactor
{pg.no. 3.17, 3.18; till eqn no. 3.16}
6. How is the product distribution controlled by varying the ratio k 1/k2 in case of parallel reactions.
(pg.no. 5.4 Starting from the product distribution may also till . Where k o is the
frequency factor and E is the activation energy. )
7. What is a CSTR? Give the uses, advantages and disadvantages of the same. (pg.no. 3.5)
8. Derive the performance equation for a recycle reactor {pg.no. 4.25 to 4.30}
9. What are the different ways of defining rate of reaction? {pg. no. 1.4, 1.5}

10. How are the chain reactions different from non chain reactions? {pg. no. 1.16, 1.17}
11. Explain the method of determination of kinetics of a reaction by half life method? {pg. no. 2.28,
12. What is optimum temperature progression for reversible/endothermic, exothermic and irreversible
reactions? {pg. no. 6.16}
13. Short note on effect of temperature on equilibrium constant? {pg. no. 6.12}
14. What are recycle reactors and when they are used? {pg. no. 4.25}
15. Define holding time. {pg. no. 3.30}
16. Explain fixed bed reactor? {pg. no. 3.6}
17. Short note on plug flow reactors arranged in series and parallel. {pg. no. 4.20, 4.21}
18. Short note on PFR and MFR. {pg. no. 7.11, 7.12}
19. Derive the performance equation for PFR and MFR. {pg. no. 3.25 till eqn no. 3.37 and pg. no. 3.19
till eqn no. 3.22}