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1. What is signal?

2. What is signal processing?


3. What is sampling?
4. What is sampling theorem?
5. What are the steps involved in converting analog signal into digital signal?
6. What is aliasing? How it can be eliminated?
7. What is anti-aliasing filter?
8. What is reconstruction filter?
9. What are advantages and limitations of Digital signal processing over Analog signal processing?
10. Draw the block diagram of digital signal processing system?
11. What are the applications of Digital signal processing?
12. Define the following signals with example
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Energy Signal
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Power signal
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Periodic and aperiodic signals
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Symmetric and antisymmetric signals
13. Justify whether the energy signal is aperiodic or not.
14. Justify whether the power signal is periodic or not.
15. Determine the energy and power of the signal x(n)= u(n).
16. Find whether the signal x(n)=sin3n is periodic or not. If periodic, find the period.
17. Determine whether the signal x(n)=3cos(5n+ /6) is periodic or not. Justify. In case the signal is
periodic, specify the fundamental period.
18. What is discrete time system?
19. Define the following systems with example
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Static and dynamic system
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Causal and noncausal system
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Linear and nonlinear system
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Time variant and time invariant system
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Stable and unstable system
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FIR and IIR system
20. State whether the following system are linear, stable and causal y (n) =x (-n).
21. Check whether the following systems are linear, stable and time invariant y (n) =x ( ).
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Check the stability of the system whose impulse response is h (n) =


u(n).
Consider an arbitrary linear system with input x(n) and output y(n) show that if x(n)=0 for all n then
y(n) must be zero for all n.
Define LTI system?
Define linear convolution? What are the properties of linear convolution?
Find out the Linear convolution of two sequences x(n)={1,2,3,4}and h(n)={1,1,1,1}?
What is correlation?
What is relation between correlation and convolution?
Define auto correlation and cross correlation?
Define inverse system and deconvolution?
What is impulse response? Write its significance?
Write the impulse response condition for causal and stable system?
What are methods are used to find the linear constant coefficient solution of difference equation?
How to find out the linear constant coefficient solution of difference equation using direct method?
State the parsevals theorem for discrete time signals.
Define DTFT and IDTFT?
Define Transfer function?
Define Frequency response?
The discrete frequency response of a digital filter is periodic. Is it correct, Justify?
What is the relationship between the frequency in continuous time domain and that of discrete time
domain and plot one against other?
Determine the minimum theoretical sampling frequency of a band pass signal with frequencies
ranging from 40 KHz to 50KHz. Justify.

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Consider the analog sinusoidal signals x1(t) = cos40 t, x2(t) =cos200 t which is sampled at a
rate Fs=80Hz. Find the discrete time signals.
What is the relationship between the spectrum of continuous time domain to the spectrum of discrete
time domain?
What is interpolation function?
UNIT I
What is the difference between FT, DFT, and DTFT?
What is zero padding? What is importance of zero padding in DFT?
What is time domain aliasing?
Write the properties of twiddle factor.
What are the properties of DFT?
Define circular convolution?
Compare linear and circular convolution.
How to calculate linear convolution from circular convolution.
Compute the circular convolution of the sequence x(n)={4,6,8,2} and h(n)={3,5,7}.
How many number of additions and multiplication required for N-point DFT and N-point FFT?
What is meant by radix-2 FFT?
What are the disadvantages associated with direct computation of the DFT?
Which properties of DFT can be exploited to decrease the computational complexity of DFT? Justify.
What is the speed improvement factor in calculating 64-point DFT of a sequence using
direct computation and FFT algorithm?
Why FFT is preferred to DFT?
Draw the butterfly diagram for the DIT FFT and DIF FFT algorithm.
State the differences between DIT FFT and DIF FFT algorithms.
Draw the signal flow graph of 8-point DIT FFT and DIF FFT algorithms.
Calculate the FFT coefficients of the sequence x(n) ={1, 2, 3, 4}?
Draw the butterfly diagram for radix-4 FFT?
How can we calculate IDFT using FFT algorithm?
What is In-place computation?
What is Bit reversal?
How to evaluate IDFT using FFT algorithm?
Difference between Overlap add method and Overlap save method?
What are the applications of FFT algorithms?
UNIT-II
State the conditions under which FIR filters have linear phase characteristics?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of FIR filters?
What is phase and group delay? What are the properties of FIR filter?
What are the desirable properties of windows?
Why Gibbs oscillations are developed in rectangular window and how they can be reduced?
For what kind of application, the anti-symmetrical impulse response can be used?
State the condition for a digital filter to be causal and stable.
Write the all window sequence of length N.
Write down the stop band attenuation, peak side lobe level, main lobe width and transition width of
all the windows?
Find out the Kaiser window sequence for minimum stop band attenuation 35dB?
Give the expression for the frequency response of all windows?
Compare Hamming and Kaiser window.
Compare FIR and IIR filters.
Discuss the finite word length effects?
Draw linear-phase structure of an FIR filter characterised by the impulse response h(n)={4,-2,-1,8,1,-2,4}.
Why Type II linear phase FIR filter is not suitable for the design of High pass filter?

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UNIT - III
List out advantages of digital filter over analog filters.
How can design digital filters from analog filters?
What are the different methods used to convert analog filter into digital filter?
Why analog prototype is needed for designing digital filters?
The peak pass band ripples
and the minimum stop band attenuation
of a digital filter are 0.2dB
and 60dB. Determine their corresponding peak ripple values
and .
The pass band and stop band edge frequencies of a digital HPF at a sampling rate of 50 KHz be 18
KHz and 15 KHz respectively. Determine the corresponding normalized angular frequencies?
Compare Butterworth and Chebyshev filters.
Draw the magnitude response of Butterworth and Chebyshev type I and type II filters.
Draw the magnitude response of Chebyshev filter for N even and N odd.
IIR filters can have linear phase characteristics. Is it true, Justify?
Sketch the mapping between S-plane and Z-plane under impulse invariant method.
Sketch the mapping between S-plane and Z-plane under bilinear transformation method.
Why impulse invariant method is not preferred in the design of IIR filter other than LPF? What are
the properties of bilinear transformation?
What is the disadvantage of bilinear transformation?
What is warping effect? How it can be eliminated?
What is prewarping?
Compare impulse invariant and bilinear transformation method.
If analog filter transfer function is H(s) =1/(s+3), find the transfer function of the digital filter using
impulse invariant method?
What are the different types of structures for realization of IIR and FIR filter?
What is the relationship between the s-plane and z-plane in impulse invariant and bilinear
transformation method?
How to convert analog Low pass filter normalized transfer function into analog Low pass filter,
high pass filter, band pass filter, and band stop filter?
UNIT - V
What is difference between general purpose processor and DSP processor?
What are the factors that influence selection of DSP processor?
What are the applications of DSP processors?
What is the Von-Neumann and Harvard architecture?
What is VLIW architecture?
What is multiported memory?
What is SARAM and DARAM?
What is the difference between Fixed-point and Floating point processor?
Give the example for fixed point and floating point processor?
What is MAC?
What is pipelining?
What is Barrel shifter?
What are the different stages in pipelining?
How many numbers of stages in pipelining of TMS320C54XX processor?
What are the features of TMS320C54XX DSP processor?
What are the features of TMS320C67XX DSP processor?
What are the addressing modes in TMS320C54XX processor?
What are the arithmetic instructions in TMS320C54XX processor?
Explain the circular addressing mode of TMS320C54XX Processor?
Compare CISC and RISC CPU.
What are the arithmetic instructions of TMS320C54XX?
What are the logical instructions of TMS320C54XX?
What are the shift instructions?
What are load/store instruction?
What is Code Composer studio?
What is compile, Build and Rebuild all?
What is GEL file?
3

MATLAB
What is MATLAB?
What are the advantages of MATLAB over other Languages?
What are the windows in MATLAB?
What are different toolboxes in MATLAB?
Define the following
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Command widow
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Workspace window
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Editor window
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Command history
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Current directory
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Define the following MATLAB function
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Plot
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Subplot
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figure
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Stem
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Freqs
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Freqz
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Fir1
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fft(x) and fft(x,N)
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conv and cconv
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abs
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angle
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buttord,chey1ord and chey2ord
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butter,cheby1 and cheby2
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axis
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short
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long
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zeros
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ones
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linspace
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hold on and hold off
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grid
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ceil
7. Write the MATLAB command for drawing the more than one signal in a figure.
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