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St Jago High School

Information Technology
End-of-Term Examination
December 2012

2 hours

This paper consists of 4 sections.

Do all questions in section A, B, C and 1 question from section D.
All sections are to be answered in your answer booklet.
DO NOT USE the multiple choice grid. Section A must be answered in the booklet.
DO NOT attach the question paper must to your booklet; the question paper will not be marked.
Answer each question item on a new line.
Write the question number of the item you answering clearly in your answer booklet.
For question with multiple parts write the sub part number as well.
For example for number 26 part a write
26 a)
For example for number 26 part e with multiple parts write
26 e i)

Page 1 of 6

Section A


Answer all questions in this section be write the number and the
corresponding answers letter in your answer booklet.
Do not write out the answer. Only the letters will be marked.

1. When a computer is working on given

instructions it is called?
a. Output
b. Storage
c. Processing
d. Input
2. Which of the following is NOT a function of
the control unit?
a. Read instructions
b. Interpret instruction
c. Direct operation
d. Execute instructions
3. The unit of storage used to represent one
character is?
a. Bit
b. Byte
c. Word
d. Kilobyte
4. Which of the following storage media provides
sequential access only?
a. Floppy disk
b. Magnetic disk
c. Magnetic tape
d. Optical Disk
5. Which of the following storage media used
laser technology to store data
a. Floppy disk
b. Magnetic tape
d. Hard disk
6. The technology used to read pencil or pen
marks on a multiple choice answer sheet is?
a. OCR
b. OMR
c. POS
7. The MOST suitable device for the output of a
photograph at home?
a. Plotter
b. Laser printer
c. Graphics tablet
d. Light pen
8. Which of the following output is an example
of a hardcopy?
a. An oral speech delivered by a speaker
b. A bill produced from the printer
c. The display on a monitor
d. A picture on a wall produced from a
multimedia projector

9. In modern computers, the CPU speed is

measured in?
a. Kilohertz
b. gigabytes
c. kilobytes
d. gigahertz
10. Which of the following is not an example of
an operating system?
a. Linux
b. MacOS
c. Microsoft
d. Windows
11. Which of the following is not a function of the
operating system?
a. Control input/output operations.
b. Provides security
c. Perform calculation
d. Provide a friendly interface
12. Quality Developers is a company that writes
programs to do specific jobs for other
companies. These programs are called?
a. General-purpose software
b. Special-purpose software
c. Custom-purpose software
d. Off-the-shelf software
13. Which one of the following statements BEST
describes the term information?
a. It is raw facts
b. It is meaningful
c. It is not the result of processing
d. It does not have any value
14. This term refers to the intersection of a
column and a row.
a. Range
b. Cell
c. Region
d. Spreadsheet
15. Text entered into a spreadsheet is aligned
towards the right by default. These entries are
a. values
b. labels
c. formulae
d. functions
16. To centre the title row of a spreadsheet across
the columns
a. Centre align the title rows
b. Centre align the title columns
c. Merge and centre the title rows
d. Merge and centre the title columns
Page 2 of 6

17. Formulae in a spreadsheet involve

a. Cell addresses, values and labels
b. Cell addresses, values and
mathematical operators
c. Cell addresses and labels
d. Cell addresses and values

25. These devices are also known as backing

storage/auxiliary storage
a. System storage
b. Volatile storage
c. Secondary storage devices
d. Primary storage devices

18. The purpose of the icon is to

a. Move data to the clipboard
b. Insert a sum formula on the worksheet
c. Access the chart wizard
d. Provide on-screen help
19. The variables h and s are assigned the
following values, h4 and s3*h.
Display h+s*2 will show
a. 28
b. 30
c. 32
d. 38
20. Which of the following identifiers is NOT a
valid variable name?
a. Input
b. totalCost
c. 9Count
d. NumCount
21. The term used to describe a memory location
whose value changes during program
a. Constant
b. Volatile
c. Variable
d. Dynamic

22. A computer system consists of:

a. Hardware only
b. Software only
c. Hardware and software
d. None of the above
23. The section of the CPU where calculations are
done is known as the
a. ALU
b. CPU
c. CU
d. Storage device
24. The contents in this memory are temporary
and are lost when the computer is turned off
b. RAM
c. ROM

Page 3 of 6

Section B

Instructions: Answer all questions

Question 26

What is a computer?
(2 marks)
There are three main components within the CPU, name and define any two.
(4 marks)
What are peripheral devices?
(2 marks)
Explain the difference between 'data' and 'information'.
(2 marks)
Complete the following paragraphs, using the terms supplied in the listing below. (5 marks)
LIST OF TERMS (Some or all may be used): arithmetic and logic unit, backing store, control
unit, cylinders, heads, internal memory, program.
In order to execute a (i) _____ which is stored on the computer, the computer
must read the instructions from its (ii) _____ into its (iii) _____.
The (iv) _____ then picks each instruction in turn, passing any mathematical or
logic operations over to the (v) _____ until the entire sequence is completed.

Question 27
a) List the following in order of their size starting with the smallest: Gigabyte, bit, terabyte,
byte, megabyte
(5 marks)
b) State one (1) similarity and one (1) difference between a CD and a DVD
(2 marks)
c) A student recently purchased a 8GB flash drive.
i. Is a flash drive primary or secondary storage?
(1 mark)
ii. What technology does a flash drive utilize?
(1 mark)
iii. Which has a greater capacity the 8GB flash drive or a DVD?
(1 mark)
iv. Name one (1) storage device that has a slower access time than a flash
(1 mark)
d) Give two examples of secondary storage devices and explain each.
(4 marks)
e) Your friend wishes to copy a music video of their favourite artist from the
internet. Which storage device would you suggest your friend to use and why? (3 marks)

Question 28

Give two examples of application software.

Write 2 functions of an operating system.

(2 marks)
(2 marks)

Question 29
a) A device that when moved across a desktop causes the same movement of the cursor on a
screen is called a?
(1 mark)
b) A mouse is similar to what other input device?
(1 mark)
c) What device reads and interprets information on printed material and converts it to a format
that can be displayed by a computer?
(1 mark)
d) Identify TWO input devices that are regularly used at Point-Of-Sale terminals, and briefly
describe how they function.
(2 marks)
e) List ONE location at which Point-of-Sale terminals are helpful.
(1 mark)

Question 30


Some output devices produces soft copy while some produces hard copy. Explain what is
meant by hard copy and soft copy and give an example of an output device that produces
(4 marks)
Name two output devices, excluding the printer, and explain each.

(4 marks)

Page 4 of 6

Section C

Instructions: Answer all questions

Use the spreadsheet below to answer the questions that follow


What is the name given to the workbook above?

(1 mark)


What is the address of the active cell in the spreadsheet?

(1 mark)


Write the formula that would calculate the total of NP?


What is the largest column?

(2 marks)


How many sheets are in the workbook?

(1 marks)


How many rows are displayed?

(1 marks)


List three formatting features that have been applied to cell B8?

(3 marks)

(2 marks)

Page 5 of 6

Section D

Instructions: Answer only one question from this section.

Question 38: Hardware
a) Mark purchased a computer that came with 3GB single channel 96GHZ DDR DRAM, an optical drive
and several USB ports.

What is the capacity of the device described above

What is the speed of the device described above?
What is the meaning of DRAM?
What is the meaning of USB?
Give an example of an optical drive that may be on the computer.

b) Write the meaning of the following:

ii. CU
iv. CD-R
v. DVD

(1 mark)
(1 mark)
(1 mark)
(1 mark)
(1 mark)

(5 marks)

c) Fill in the blanks in the following paragraph

I read data by scanning a series of marks, I am a (i) _____ . I read a special type of
ink and I am normally found in banks, I am a (ii) _____. I am normally found in
supermarkets and I am used to scan products/goods, I am a (iii) _____. I am the most
common input device am I normally used for data entry, I am a (iv)_____. I have a
stick an am normally used for playing games, I am a (v) _____.
(5 marks)

Question 39 : Problem-solving Programming

a) What is a program? (3 marks)
b) What are the five (5) steps in the problem solving phase? (5 marks)
c) What are the three (3) columns in a defining diagram? (3 marks)
d) What are the four (4) characteristics of an algorithm? (4 marks)

Question 40 : Spreadsheet
Collect a spreadsheet appendix 1 from the invigilator. On the sheet provided perform the following tasks.
a) Label the rows and columns appropriately starting at 1 and B.
(2 marks)
b) In the first row enter Student Grade so that it appears to be merged and centred across the
spreadsheet. Shade lightly the area.

(3 marks )

c) Starting in the first cell of the second row enter the labels Name, Grade and Percentage.

(2 marks)

d) In the next cells of column B enter the names John, Damion, Anna, Lisa.

(1 mark)

e) In the appropriate cells enter the following grades 40, 30, 48, 37.

(1 mark)

f) In cell B8 write the value displayed if the formula =MAX(C3:C6) were present in the cell.

(1 mark)

g) In the appropriate cells enter a formula to calculate the percentage if the grade is marked out of 50.
Percentage is calculated as grade divided by 50 times 100.
h) Shade the range E2:E6.

Border (make the border brighter) the top of the range B8:D8.

(3 marks)
(2 marks)
(1 mark)

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