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Timberfabric: Applying Textile Principles on a Building Scale

Yves Weinand and Markus Hudert

Timberfabric: Applying Textile Principles on a Building Scale Yves Weinand and Markus Hudert SWST-TC 53 rd
Timberfabric: Applying Textile Principles on a Building Scale Yves Weinand and Markus Hudert SWST-TC 53 rd

IBOIS Laboratory for Timber Constructions

An Interdisciplinary Research Team

Yves Weinand, architect and civil engineer Hani Buri, architect François Demoures, mathematician Benjamin Hahn, civil engineer Markus Hudert, architect Laurent Humbert, mechanical eng ineer Sina Nabaei, civil engineer Masoud Sistaninia, mechanical engineer Bernhard Stamm, civil engineer Ivo Stotz, architect

IBOIS L a b oratory f or Ti m b er C onstruct i ons An
IBOIS L a b oratory f or Ti m b er C onstruct i ons An
IBOIS L a b oratory f or Ti m b er C onstruct i ons An

IBOIS Laboratory for Timber Constructions

Some Research Topics

Origami Fractal Geometry Timber Gridshell Structures Timberfabric Structures

IBOIS L a b oratory f or Ti m b er C onstruct i ons Some
IBOIS L a b oratory f or Ti m b er C onstruct i ons Some
IBOIS L a b oratory f or Ti m b er C onstruct i ons Some
IBOIS L a b oratory f or Ti m b er C onstruct i ons Some
IBOIS L a b oratory f or Ti m b er C onstruct i ons Some
IBOIS L a b oratory f or Ti m b er C onstruct i ons Some

INTRODUCTION

Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale

INTRODUCTION

Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale

Developing a new family of timber constructions based on textile principles

INTRODUCTION

Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale

Developing a new family of timber constructions based on textile principles Harnessing textile qualities - especially the system effect - on building scale

INTRODUCTION

Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale

Developing a new family of timber constructions based on textile principles Harnessing textile qualities - especially the system effect - on building scale System effect in textiles: a multitude of elements work together as one coherent structure

INTRODUCTION Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale ● Developing a new family of

Le Corbusier, Domino House, 1914 - 1915

INTRODUCTION Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale ● Developing a new family of

Basket structure, many elements working together as one structure.

INTRODUCTION

Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale

Developing a new family of timber constructions based on textile principles Harnessing textile qualities - especially the system effect - on building scale System effect in textiles: a multitude of elements work together as one coherent structure

INTRODUCTION Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale ● Developing a new family of

Le Corbusier, Domino House, 1914 - 1915

INTRODUCTION Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale ● Developing a new family of

Basket structure, many elements working together as one structure.

An innovative structural system with exceeding aesthetical and structural qualities

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

General Remarks on Textiles

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES General Remarks on Textiles Entang led f ibres in felt, y arn structures

Entangled fibres in felt, yarn structures of knitted and woven fabric.

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

General Remarks on Textiles

Textiles are omnipresent in our everyday life: apparel, carpets, curtains and many more

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES General Remarks on Textiles ● Textiles are omnipresent in our everyday life :

Entangled fibres in felt, yarn structures of knitted and woven fabric.

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

General Remarks on Textiles

Textiles are omnipresent in our everyday life: apparel, carpets, curtains and many more The production of textiles is one of the oldest crafts known to mankind

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES General Remarks on Textiles ● Textiles are omnipresent in our everyday life :

Entangled fibres in felt, yarn structures of knitted and woven fabric.

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

General Remarks on Textiles

Textiles are omnipresent in our everyday life: apparel, carpets, curtains and many more The production of textiles is one of the oldest crafts known to mankind It’s very likely that textile techniques were employed for early man-made shelter

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES General Remarks on Textiles ● Textiles are omnipresent in our everyday life :

Entangled fibres in felt, yarn structures of knitted and woven fabric.

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

Textile Structures in Early Man-made Shelter

The Primitive Hut Primitive Hut made of interwoven branches

(Jean-Baptiste Rondelet 1743 - 1829)

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Textile Structures in Ea rly Man-made Shelter The Primitive Hut Primitive Hut made

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

Textile Structures in Early Man-made Shelter

The Primitive Hut Primitive Hut made of interwoven branches

(Viollet le Duc 1814-1879)

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Textile Structures in Ea rly Man-made Shelter The Primitive Hut Primitive Hut ma

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

Huts made of woven bamboo stripes, Ethiopia

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Huts made of woven bamboo stripes, Ethiopia Woven bamboo hut in Ethiopia; Source:
BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Huts made of woven bamboo stripes, Ethiopia Woven bamboo hut in Ethiopia; Source:

Woven bamboo hut in Ethiopia; Source: Grow Your Own House

Woven bamboo fence in Ethiopia; Source: Grow Your Own House

Felted Fibers (simple fibre assembly)

Felted Fib ers (s i mp l e f ib re assem bl y) Example .Felt

Example

.Felt

.Paper

Interworked Elements (advanced fibre assemblies)

Primar y Textile Techni ues q
Primar
y
Textile Techni ues
q

Example

.Mesh Fabrics .Knitting, crocheting

Transitional Techni ues

q

Felted Fib ers (s i mp l e f ib re assem bl y) Example .Felt

Example

.Braiding .Plaiting (with active systems)

CLASSIFICATION OF TEXTILES

Advanced Textile Techniques

Felted Fib ers (s i mp l e f ib re assem bl y) Example .Felt

Example

.Weaving

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

Characteristics of Woven Fabrics – Application as Structure

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Characteristics of Woven Fabrics – Application as Structure Weaving Loom; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

Weaving Loom; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Characteristics of Woven Fabrics – Application as Structure Weaving Loom; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

Plain weave pattern; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Characteristics of Woven Fabrics – Application as Structure Weaving Loom; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

Twill weave pattern; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

Plain Weave Pattern - Application as Structural Shell

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Plain Weave Pattern - Application as Structural Shell Model of a woven roof
BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Plain Weave Pattern - Application as Structural Shell Model of a woven roof

Model of a woven roof structure, exterior view .

Model of a woven roof structure, side view.

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

Model of Twill Pattern Structure

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Model of Twill Pattern Structure Model of a woven roof structure, twill pattern,
BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Model of Twill Pattern Structure Model of a woven roof structure, twill pattern,

Model of a woven roof structure, twill pattern, exterior view.

Model of a woven roof structure, twill pattern, Interior view.

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES

Comparison Plain Weave and Twill Weave Pattern

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Comparison Plain Weave and Twill Weave Pattern Plain weave pattern; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

Plain weave pattern; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

BUILDING WITH TEXTILES Comparison Plain Weave and Twill Weave Pattern Plain weave pattern; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

Twill weave pattern; Source: Seiler-Baldinger 1994

IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR

IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR Exploring the variety and diversity of textile fabrics - expansive approach.

Exploring the variety and diversity of textile fabrics - expansive approach.

IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR

IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR Defining the L east C ommon D enominator.

Defining the Least Common Denominator.

IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR

Unit Cell in Woven Fabrics

IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR Unit Cell in Woven Fabrics Source: Textile Structural Composites, T.-W. Chou
IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR Unit Cell in Woven Fabrics Source: Textile Structural Composites, T.-W. Chou
IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR Unit Cell in Woven Fabrics Source: Textile Structural Composites, T.-W. Chou

Source: Textile Structural Composites, T.-W. Chou and F. K. Ko, 1989

IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR

Unit Cell in Knitted Fabrics

IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR Unit Cell in Knitted Fabrics Source: Textile Structural Com posites, T.-W.

Source: Textile Structural Composites, T.-W. Chou and F. K. Ko, 1989

IDENTIFYING A LEAST COMMON DENOMINATOR Unit Cell in Knitted Fabrics Source: Textile Structural Com posites, T.-W.

THE TEXTILE MODULE

Assembly Process

THE TEXTILE MODULE Assembly Process

THE TEXTILE MODULE

Self-generating Form

THE TEXTILE MODULE Self-generating Form Model of the Textile module, top view. Model of the Textile
THE TEXTILE MODULE Self-generating Form Model of the Textile module, top view. Model of the Textile

Model of the Textile module, top view.

Model of the Textile module, perspective view.

THE TEXTILE MODULE

Behaviour Under Load

THE TEXTILE MODULE Behaviour Under Load

THE TEXTILE MODULE

Behaviour Under Load

Module width Module length Modu le height
Module width
Module length
Modu le height

THE TEXTILE MODULE

Two fix points, one contact point

THE TEXTILE MODULE Two fix points, one contact point
THE TEXTILE MODULE Two fix points, one contact point

THE TEXTILE MODULE

Potential Application: Prototype for the 'Timber Project' exhibition

THE TEXTILE MODULE Potential Application: Prototype for the ' Timber Project ' exhibition Large scale prototype
THE TEXTILE MODULE Potential Application: Prototype for the ' Timber Project ' exhibition Large scale prototype

Large scale prototype of the Textile Module leaving the assembly hall;

Large scale prototype of the Textile Module on the EPFL c ampus;

DEVELOPING STRUCTURAL FABRIC

From Textile Module to Timberfabric

DEVELOPING STRUCTURAL FABRIC From Textile Module to Timberfabric
DEVELOPING STRUCTURAL FABRIC From Textile Module to Timberfabric
Model of the Textile Module, top view. Model of the Textile Module, perspective view.
Model of the Textile Module, top view. Model of the Textile Module, perspective view.

Model of the Textile Module, top view.

Model of the Textile Module, top view. Model of the Textile Module, perspective view.

Model of the Textile Module, perspective view.

Model of braided arch composed of three modules, top view; Model of braided arch composed of
Model of braided arch composed of three modules, top view; Model of braided arch composed of

Model of braided arch composed of three modules, top view;

Model of braided arch composed of three modules, top view; Model of braided arch composed of

Model of braided arch composed of three modules, front view;

Model with elements in perpendicular direction, interior view; Model with elements in perpendicular direction, exterior view;
Model with elements in perpendicular direction, interior view; Model with elements in perpendicular direction, exterior view;

Model with elements in perpendicular direction, interior view;

Model with elements in perpendicular direction, interior view; Model with elements in perpendicular direction, exterior view;

Model with elements in perpendicular direction, exterior view;

Timberfabric, interconnected elements, continuity in two directions; Timberfabric, interconnected elements, continuity in two directions;
Timberfabric, interconnected elements, continuity in two directions; Timberfabric, interconnected elements, continuity in two directions;

Timberfabric, interconnected elements, continuity in two directions;

Timberfabric, interconnected elements, continuity in two directions; Timberfabric, interconnected elements, continuity in two directions;

Timberfabric, interconnected elements, continuity in two directions;

OUTLOOK

Continuation of beforehand described research Mathematical description of geometry Simulation and analysis with FEM software

OUTLOOK ● Continuation of beforehand described research ● M a th ema ti ca l description

Images by Masoud Sistaninia, mechanical engineer, research assistant IBOIS

OUTLOOK ● Continuation of beforehand described research ● M a th ema ti ca l description
OUTLOOK ● Continuation of beforehand described research ● M a th ema ti ca l description
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION. For more information: http://ibois.epfl.ch/
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION.
For more information:
http://ibois.epfl.ch/
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION. For more information: http://ibois.epfl.ch/
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION. For more information: http://ibois.epfl.ch/
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION. For more information: http://ibois.epfl.ch/
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION. For more information: http://ibois.epfl.ch/