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Cells are the basic building blocks of all living things.

The human body is composed


of trillions of cells. They provide structure for the body, take in nutrients from food,
convert those nutrients into energy, and carry out specialized functions. Cells also
contain the bodys hereditary material and can make copies of themselves.

cell is the basic unit of life as we know it. It is the smallest unit capable of
independent reproduction. Robert Hooke suggested the name cell in 1665, from
the Latin cella meaning storeroom or chamber, after using a very early microscope
to look at a piece of cork.

The cell was first discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665, which can be found to be
described in his book Micrographia. In this book, he gave 60 observations in detail
of various objects under a coarse, compound microscope.[2] One observation was
from very thin slices of bottle cork. Hooke discovered a multitude of tiny pores that
he named "cells". This came from the Latin word Cella, meaning a small room like
monks lived in and also Cellulae, which meant the six sided cell of a honeycomb.
However, Hooke did not know their real structure or function.[4] What Hooke had
thought were cells, were actually empty cell walls of plant tissues. With microscopes
during this time having a low magnification, Hooke was unable to see that there
were other internal components to the cells he was observing. Therefore, he did not
think the "cellulae" were alive.[5] His cell observations gave no indication of the
nucleus and other organelles found in most living cells. In Micrographia, Hooke also
observed mould, bluish in color, found on leather. After studying it under his
microscope, he was unable to observe seeds that would have indicated how the
mould was multiplying in quantity. This led to Hooke suggesting that spontaneous
generation, from either natural or artificial heat, was the cause. Since this was an
old Aristotelian theory still accepted at the time, others did not reject it and was not
disproved until Leeuwenhoek later discovers generation is achieved otherwise.[2]

Robert Hooke first saw these units in his microscope study of slices of cork and
named them "cells." Anton van Leeuwenhoek used his microscope to see cells in a
drop of water. With the advent of technology, including better microscopes and
specimens, the cell theory took form.
The original cell theory had some flaws that were worked out later by Rudolph
Virchow. The modern cell theory presents several observations about the cell. Cells
make up all organisms, they are the structural and functional units of living things,

and cells can come only from other existing cells and do not generate
spontaneously.

e cell was discovered by scientist Robert Hooke in the mid 1660s and is often
referred to as "lifes building block." All organisms are made up of one or more cells.
While bacteria have one cell, the body of an average human being is comprised of
approximately 100 trillion cells.
Another reason why cells are considered the smallest unit of life is that all crucial
operations of an organism take place within a cell. All cells are born from previously
existing cells, with the older ones degenerating. The cells carry hereditary
attributes, such as DNA, and pass them from one generation to the next. When an
organism is unable to produce new cells, it dies off, because the bodys vital
functions no longer take place. Cells are responsible for basic functions, such as
metabolism, photosynthesis and protein synthesis.
All cells have a selectively permeable membrane. The covering controls what is
allowed to pass through it. An individual cell comprises a nucleus, organelles and a
cytoskeleton.

All living things share seven characteristics. The foundational characteristic is that
all living things are composed of cells. In addition, all living things show organization
in their structure, use energy, respond to the environment, grow, reproduce and
adapt. Simple unicellular organisms consist of a single cell that carries out all the
tasks required for life. More complex multicellular organisms contain different types
of cells for different tasks. The cells are organized into tissues and organs that work
together to meet the needs of the organism.