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Defining Guidance Counselling:

Refining Learners
February 4,2015
Feati Peer Group
Feati University

Resource Speaker
Ederlyn Maura Monzon-Delamide


Guidance Counselling
Disciplines and Policies
Rules and Regulations
Classification of Offenses and their
corresponding sanctions
Handling Disciplinary Cases

Learning Objective
Enhance basic understanding on:
Values Formation
Guidance and Counselling

Develop awareness among students

concerning the Guidance and Counselling:
Discipline and Policies
Rules and Regulations
Classification of Offenses and their corresponding

Recognize the importance of Guidance and


Values Formation

Guidance and Counseling

Meaning of Guidance
Some form of help and assistance given to
an individual to solve their problems.
Guidance as the promotion of the growth of
the individual in self-direction.
Guidance helps the individuals to adjust to
the environment.

Definition of Guidance
Guidance as a process through which an
individual is able to solve their problems
and pursue a path suited to their abilities
and aspirations.
- JM Brewer.

Definition of Guidance
Guidance is a continuous process of helping
the individual development in the
maximum of their capacity in the direction
most beneficial to himself and to society
-Stoops and Wahlquist.

Definition of Guidance
Guidance is an educational service designed
to help students make more effective use of
the schools training programme.
-Educational point of view

Needs for Guidance

Psychological reasons
Sociological reasons
Educational reasons

Elements of Guidance
Guidance leads to the discovery of abilities
of an individual.
Guidance is based upon the assets and
limitations of an individual.
Guidance leads to self- development and
self directions.

Elements of Guidance
Guidance helps the individual to plan wisely
for the present and the future.
Guidance assists the individual to become
adjusted to the environment.
Guidance assists to achieve success and

Characteristics of Guidance
It helps every individual to help himself to
recognize and use his inner resources,
To set goals
To make plans
To work out his own problems of development.

It is a continuous process
Choice and problem points are the
distinctive concerns of guidance

Characteristics of Guidance
It is assistance to the individual in the process of
development. Aim: To develop the capacity for
Self direction
Self guidance
Self improvement

Guidance is a service meant for all: It is a regular

service, which is required at every stage for every
It is both generalized and a specialized service.
It enables the individuals to take decisions to grow

Types of Guidance

Educational Guidance
Vocational Guidance
Personal Guidance
Social Guidance
Avocational Guidance
Health Guidance

Guidance Given by Following


Library staff
Medical staff

Liaison officer
Physical education

Meaning of Counselling
Counselling is a specialized service of
guidance, and it is an enabling process
designed to help through learning to take
responsibility and to make decisions for
himself / herself.

Meaning of Counseling
. It is a helping relationship which includes
Someone seeking help
Someone willing to give help
Capable or trained to help
In a setting that permits, help to be given and
received. Counselling denotes, Giving of

Definition of Counselling
Counselling is a method that helps the
client to use a problem- solving process to
recognize and manage stress and that
among client, family and health care team

Basic Component of Counselling

Change in feeling and expressions
Planning of counseling interview

Need of Counselling
When a pupil requires not only reliable
information but also an interesting
interpretation of those information which
can solve his personal difficulties.
When a pupil needs intelligent listener who
has more experience than the pupil, to
whom he can recite his difficulties.

Need of Counselling
When the pupil has some problem but he
is unaware of that problem, he is to be made
aware of that problem.
When the pupil suffers the main
maladjustment problem or some handicap
which is temporary and which needs careful
long due to diagnosis by an expert..

Levels of Counselling
There are three levels of counselling
1. Informal counselling
2. Non specialist counselling
3. Professional counselling

Elements of Counselling
According to Cattle
1. Rapport with the counselee.
2. Communication between the counselor and
the counsellee.
3. Counselor's through background of the
counselling process
4. Counsellees changes in the feelings as
counselling proceeds and progresses through
Various stages.
5. Structured counselling interview.

Characteristics of Counselling
It is a purposeful learning experience for the
It is the purposeful oriented and private interview
between the counselor and counsellee
Based on mutual confidence satisfactory
relationship will be establish.
Counselling process is structured around the felt
needs of the counsellee.
Main emphasis in the counselling process is on the
counsellees self-direction and self acceptance.
It is only one aspect of guidance

Media of Counselling
Regional centers
Study centers
Face to face

Broad cast

Counselling Procedure
Williamson and Darley have mention six
steps of counselling procedure.

Follow up

Types of Counselling
Directive Counselling
Non Directive Counselling / client centred
Short Term Counselling
Long Term Counselling
Psychological counselling
Clinical Counselling
Student Counselling
Placement Counselling

Types of Counselling

Marriage Counselling
Vocational counselling
Psycho therapeutic counselling
Individual Counselling
Group counselling
Behavioral counselling
Dietary counselling
Motivational counselling

Types of Counselling

Interpersonal counselling
Problem solving counselling
Educational counselling
Personal counselling
Moral, religious and social counselling
Counselling in leisure time
Self help group counselling
Peer group counselling

Student Handbook

Disciplines and Policies

Rules and Regulations

Classification of Offenses and their

corresponding sanctions

Handling Disciplinary Cases