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OBE Briefing

Background

Washington Accord
The Washington Accord, established in 1989,
is an international accreditation agreement for
professional engineering academic degrees,
between the bodies responsible for
accreditation in its signatory countries
Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Ireland, Japan,
Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, South
Africa, Taiwan, UK and USA

Washington Accord (cont.)


The agreement recognizes that there is
substantial equivalency of programmes
accredited by those signatories
Graduates of accredited programmes in any of the
signatory countries are recognized by the other
signatory countries as having met the academic
requirements for entry to the practice of
engineering

Engineering Accreditation Council


All engineering degrees in Malaysia are
accredited by the Engineering Accreditation
Council (EAC)
EAC consists of five stakeholders

Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM)


The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM)
Industry employers
Malaysian Qualification Agency (MQA)
Public Service Department (JPA)
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Accreditation
The objective of accreditation is to ensure that
graduates of the accredited engineering
programmes satisfy the minimum academic
requirements for registration as a graduate
engineer with BEM and for admission to
graduate membership of IEM
One of the requirements for accrediting an
engineering programme is the implementation of
the outcome-based education

Outcome-based Education (OBE)

Outcome-based Education
Outcome-based Education (OBE) is a
measurement of the effectiveness of a learning
process by evaluating the outcome
Focuses on student learning by:
Using statements to make explicit what the student is
expected to be able to know, understand or do; these
statements should be do-able, observable and
measurable
Providing learning activities which will help the
student to reach these outcomes
Assessing the extent to which the student meets these
outcomes through the use of assessment
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OBE Mechanisms
Learning
Outcomes
(LOs)

LOs address the abilities


to be attained by
students upon
completion of a subject

Programme
Outcomes
(POs)
POs describe what students

are expected to know and


be able to perform or attain
by the time of graduation
PEOs address the
graduates
attainment 5 years
after graduation

Programme
Educational
Objectives
(PEOs)

Programme Educational Objectives


Programme Educational Objectives (PEOs) is a
set of specific goals consistent with the
facultys and universitys mission and vision,
and describes the expected achievements of
graduates in their career and professional life
after graduation
All the four undergraduate programmes have
a common set of PEOs

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PEOs (cont.)
The 3 PEOs
PEO1: Graduates who hold managerial or senior
positions within their organizations
PEO2: Graduates who demonstrate
professionalism and a commitment to continual
professional development
PEO3: Graduates who are employed in
engineering or related professions, or are enrolled
in (or have graduated from) engineering or
professional graduate school
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Programme Outcomes
Programme Outcomes (POs) are statements
that describe what students are expected to
know and be able to perform or attain by the
time of graduation
All the four undergraduate programmes have
the same POs

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Programme Outcomes (cont.)


The 13 POs
PO1: Acquire and apply knowledge of
mathematics, science and engineering
fundamentals
PO2: Acquire technical competence in specialised
areas of engineering discipline to solve complex
engineering problems
PO3: Identify and analyse complex engineering
problems, and formulate solutions based on
fundamental principles of science and engineering
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Programme Outcomes (cont.)


The 13 POs (cont.)
PO4: Design solutions for complex engineering
problems that meet specified needs with relevant
considerations of their impacts in society
PO5: Conduct investigation and research on
complex engineering problems in the chosen field
of study
PO6: Create, select and apply appropriate
techniques, resources, and modern engineering
and IT tools to complex engineering activities
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Programme Outcomes (cont.)


The 13 POs (cont.)
PO7: Demonstrate awareness of societal, safety
and health, legal, and cultural issues relevant to
professional engineering practice
PO8: Understand the importance of sustainability
and cost-effectiveness in design and development
of professional engineering solutions, and their
impacts in societal and environmental contexts
PO9: Apply and commit to professional ethics and
responsibilities of engineering practice
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Programme Outcomes (cont.)


The 13 POs (cont.)
PO10: Communicate effectively in both oral and
written contexts
PO11: Function effectively as an individual, and as
a member or leader in a team
PO12: Recognise the need for, and acquire the
ability to engage in self-improvement through
continuous professional development and lifelong learning

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Programme Outcomes (cont.)


The 13 POs (cont.)
PO13: Demonstrate management, leadership and
entrepreneurial skills, and apply these to ones
own work, as a member and leader in a team, to
manage projects in multidisciplinary environments

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Course Outcomes
Learning Outcomes (LOs) or Course Outcomes
(COs) address the abilities to be attained by
students upon the completion of a subject
A subject usually has several LOs and the LOs
are different from one subject to another

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Course Outcomes (cont.)


EME1166 Materials Science
LO1-Describe the atomic structure and bonding of solids (cognitive-understanding, level 2)

LO2-Understand the crystal system structure, imperfections and diffusion mechanisms in solids (cognitiveunderstanding, level 2)

LO3-Describe the various mechanisms on dislocations, strengthening and failure modes involved in the
properties of metals (cognitive-understanding, level 2)

LO4- Understand phase diagrams and phase transformations


(cognitive-understanding, level 2)

LO5- Understand the applications, fabrication and processing techniques of metal alloys
(cognitive-understanding, level 2)

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Blooms Taxonomy
Three domains of learning method
Cognitive domain
Relates to the knowledge and the development of intellectual
skills; includes the recall or recognition of specific facts,
procedural patterns, and concepts

Affective domain
Describes the way people react emotionally and their ability to
feel another living things pain or joy; typically targets the
awareness and growth in attitudes, emotion, and feelings

Psychomotor
Describes the ability to physically manipulate a tool or
instrument; usually focuses on the development of skills
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Blooms Taxonomy (cont.)

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Blooms Taxonomy (cont.)


EME1166 Materials Science

LO1-Describe the atomic structure and bonding of solids (cognitiveunderstanding, level 2)

LO2-Understand the crystal system structure, imperfections and diffusion


mechanisms in solids (cognitive-understanding, level 2)
LO3-Describe the various mechanisms on dislocations, strengthening and
failure modes involved in the properties of metals (cognitiveunderstanding, level 2)

LO4- Understand phase diagrams and phase transformations


(cognitive-understanding, level 2)
LO5- Understand the applications, fabrication and processing techniques
of metal alloys (cognitive-understanding, level 2)
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Thank You
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