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Cargo care

What is putrefaction process of liquid chemicals ?

Most animal and vegetable oils undergo decomposition over time, a natural process
known as putrefaction (going off), that generates obnoxious and toxic vapours and
depletes the oxygen in the tank. Tanks that have contained such products must be
carefully ventilated and the atmosphere tested prior to tank entry . .....
Carriage of inhibited flammable chemical products in cargo tanks
In certain conditions of heat, pressure and in the presence of Oxygen, some chemical
cargo types can become viscous and possibly solid and dense in nature. This self
reaction can cause some cargoes , especially in the presence of high temperatures and
Oxygen, to begin an exothermic reaction, becoming self heating and rapidly expanding
which may result in possibly disastrous consequences for the vessel.
Cargo sampling safety precautions
Cargo samples are evidence of the condition of the product during the various phases
of transport (storage at terminal, arriving on board, loading, passage, discharging).
This procedure describes sample-taking procedures and the legal background. Suitable
PPE is to be worn when taking samples. Sample bottle to be flushed prior collecting
sample. .....
Cargo segregation requirement for chemical tankers
In the case of two or more liquid chemical cargoes which react with one another in a
hazardous manner, segregation must be done The product data sheets, together with
the BCH/IBC Codes are to be studies carefully to determine the compatibility
restrictions when carrying different groups of cargoes.
How to avoid solidification in cargo tanks ?
Solidification in the cargo tanks can occur when solidifying cargoes are stowed
adjacent to cold cargoes or cold ballast water in adjacent spaces.
Cargo compatibility and reactivity of various chemical cargo
Transporting of dangerous and noxious liquid chemicals in bulk involved various risk
factors. Between some chemicals violent reactions may occur if the chemicals are
mixed in certain proportions. The result may possibly be an eruption and tank rupture.
Such an occurrance must be prevented. Water may also have to be considered in this
Determining presence of contaminants in chemical cargo
To maintain product quality onboard modern chemical tankers any contaminants in the
cargo need to be observed. Following guideline may be useful determining various
product contaminants in noxious liquid chemicals.
Cargo compatibility chart for handling dangerous liquid chemicals in bulk

The following procedure explains how the compatibility chart should be used to find
compatibility information: .....