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2005 Northeast Florida Certamen

Level I, Round 1
1.

What Latin verb means "to save."


What Latin verb means "to give."
What Latin verb means "to wound."

SERVARE
DARE
VULNERARE

2.

What Greek goddess had the myrtle tree as her symbol?


What Greek goddess had the peacock as her symbol?
What Greek goddess had the owl as her symbol?

3.

What room in the Roman house contained three couches?


TRICLINIUM
What room, adjoining the Triclinium,was an open courtyard which
contained columns ?
PERISTYLIUM/PERISTYLE
What room did the master of the house use as an office?
TABLINUM

4.

According to legend, in what year was Rome founded?


753 B.C.
What twin brothers had a hand in founding the city of Rome?
ROMULUS & REMUS
Who were the parents of Romulus and Remus?
RHEA SILVIA & MARS

5.

Identify the Latin noun and its meaning from which "puerile" is derived. PUER, BOY
Identify the Latin noun and its meaning from which "verbose" is derived.
VERBUM, WORD
Identify the Latin noun and its meaning from which "because" is derived.
CAUSA, REASON

6.

Give the accusative singular of the phrase ager latus.


Change agrum latum to the plural.
Change agrs lats to the ablative singular

7.

What monster in mythology was half man and half bull?


Who killed the Minotaur?
Who aided Theseus in his quest to kill the Minotaur?

8.

What to the Romans was known as ientactulum?


What did the Romans call lunch?
What did the ancient Romans use in place of sugar?

9.

What period of Roman history lasted from 509 B.C. to 27 B.C.?


What period of Roman history lasted from 27 B.C. to A.D. 476
Who was the first of Rome's emperors?

APHRODITE
HERA
ATHENA

AGRUM LATUM
AGROS LATOS
AGRO LATO
MINOTAUR
THESEUS
ARIADNE
BREAKFAST
PRANDIUM
HONEY
REPUBLIC
EMPIRE
AUGUSTUS

10.

Translate the verb in this sentence into Latin: "The good masters loved the slaves."
AMABANT
Translate the entire sentence into Latin.
DOMINI BONI SERVOS AMABANT
Translate this sentence into Latin: "The plans of the allies were suitable."
CONSILIA SOCIORUM ERANT IDONEA

11.

Who was the last king of Rome?


Of what family was Tarquinius Superbus a member?
What is the meaning of the name superbus?

12.

Distinguish in meaning between inimicus & iniquus.


INIMICUS, UNFRIENDLY INIQUUS, UNEQUAL
...annus & animus
...rpa & rgina

TARQUINIUS SUPERBUS
ETRUSCAN
PROUD

ANNUS, YEAR ANIMUS, MIND


RIPA, SHORE REGINA, QUEEN

13.

What is the Latin and English for the motto of Maine?


DIRIGO, I POINT THE WAY
What is the Latin and English for the motto of Missouri?
SALUS POPULI SUPREMA LEX ESTO,
THE WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE SHALL BE THE SUPREME LAW
What is the Latin and English for the motto of Mississippi?
VIRTUTE ET ARMIS, BY VALOUR AND ARMS

14.

Who, according to the Romans, was the king of the gods?


Who was Jupiter's queen?
Who was the Roman god of fire?

15.

What official in Rome was in charge of public games?


How many aediles were elected anually?
What officials in Rome were charged with maintaining high standards
of morality?

JUPITER
JUNO
VULCAN
AEDILE
FOUR
CENSORS

2005 Northeast Florida Certamen


Level I, Round 2
1.

Give the Latin and English for the motto of Brown University.
IN DEO SPERAMUS / IN GOD WE TRUST
Give the Latin and English for the motto of Hunter College.
MIHI CURA FUTURI / MY ANXIETY IS FOR THE FUTURE
Give the Latin and English for the motto of Trinity College.
PRO ECCLESIA ET PATRIA / FOR CHURCH AND COUNTRY

2.

From what Latin verb with what meaning do we derive "collaborate."


LABORARE / TO WORK
Give the Latin noun and its meaning from which "terrain" is derived.
TERRA, LAND
Give the Latin verb and its meaning from which "debit" is derived.
DEBERE / TO OWE, OUGHT

3.

What man was called away from his plow to lead the Roman army?
What Roman consul rushed into the midst of battle to bring victory to
the Romans?
What Roman consul put his own sons to death?

CINCINNATUS
DECIUS MUS
BRUTUS

4.

Give a 2nd Declension ANTONYM of fmina.


Give a 1st Declension ANTONYM of copia.
Give a 2nd Declesnion ANTONYM of poena.

5.

What Greek hero slew a sea monster to save his future wife?
Who was Perseus' future wife?
Before saving Andromeda, Perseus cut off the head of what monster?

6.

What case in Latin is used to express the direct object in a sentence?


ACCUSATIVE
Translate the direct object in this sentence into Latin:
" I will give the sad sailor much money."
MULTAM PECUNIAM
Translate that entire sentence into Latin.
MULTAM PECUNIAM MISERO NAUTAE DABO

7.

What is the Latin for the phrase "a sound mind in a sound body?"
MENS SANA IN CORPORE SANO
What is the Latin phrase for "on the spur of the moment?"
EX TEMPORE
What is the Latin phrase for "a slip of the tongue?"
LAPSUS LINGUAE

VIR
INOPIA
PRAEMIUM
PERSEUS
ANDROMEDA
MEDUSA

8.

To what group do the following belong: Cnaeus, Publius and Marcus?


PRAENOMENS / PRAENOMINA
What did the nomen indicate about a Roman?
HIS FAMILY OR CLAN
What name usually follwed the nomen?
COGNOMEN

9.

What emperor blamed the Christians for a fire that nearly destroyed Rome?
What future emperor sacked the city of Jerusalem in A.D. 70?
What emperor was the first to convert to Christianity?

NERO
TITUS
CONSTANTINE

10.

Who was the Greek god of war?


Who was the Greek goddess of grain and the harvest?
Who was the Greek goddess of the moon and the chase?

ARES
DEMETER
ARTEMIS

11.

What is the meaning of the Latin adjective sinister?


What is the meaning of the Latin adjective cupidus?
What is the meaning of the Latin adjective egregius?

12.

What river flows through Rome?


In what area of Italy is Rome located?
What seaport was located nearly 16 miles from Rome?

13.

Translate the following sentence into English: Laudbuntne vir sus flis?
WILL THE MEN PRAISE THEIR (OWN) DAUGHTERS
Translate this sentence into English: Dabsne tus amcs auxilium?
WILL YOU GIVE YOUR FRIENDS HELP
Translate this sentence into English:
Nauta equum timidum sagitt vulnerre temptbat.
THE SAILOR WAS TRYING TO WOUND THE
TIMID HORSE WITH AN ARROW

14.

In ancient Rome, who was appointed in times of extreme public danger to lead
the government?
DICTATOR
For how long did the dictator customarily serve?
6 MONTHS
For how long did a Roman consul customarily serve?
ONE YEAR

15.

What Olympian was the messenger god?


What staff did Hermes carry with him?
Name another symbol of Hermes?

LEFT
DESIROUS
OUTSTANDING
TIBER
LATIUM
OSTIA

HERMES
CADUCEUS
A HAT / WINGED SANDALS

2005 Northeast Florida Certamen


Level I, Round 3
1.

What Roman was assasinated in 44 B.C.?


JULIUS CAESAR
Who was Caesar's heir and adopted son?
GAIUS OCTAVIUS
What two men joined with Octavius to form the Second Triumvirate
in 43 B.C.
MARK ANTONY & LEPIDUS

2.

From what Latin word, with what meaning, do we derive mansion and remainder?
MANEO, STAY / REMAIN
From what Latin word, with what meaning, do we derive insuperable?
SUPERO, DEFEAT / SURPASS
From what Latin verb, with what meaning, do we derive mutiny?
MOVEO, MOVE

3.

Say in Latin: "You will be."


Change eris to the imperfect tense
Change eras to the 1st person singular, present tense and then translate

4.

What woman in mythology turned Odysseus' men into swine?


What sorceress aided Jason in his quest for the golden fleece?
What mythological woman was the "most swift-footed of mortals?"

5.

In ancient Rome, what was the name for a private elementary school?
LUDUS
What name was given to the teacher of reading and writing?
LITTERATOR
Who was the teacher of Latin and Greek literature?
GRAMMATICUS

6.

What is the meaning of the Latin noun imperium?


What is the meaning of the Latin noun spatium?
What is the meaning of the Latin noun frumentum?

7.

What was known as the Rgina Virum?


What road lead northeast toward Umbria?
What road lead west toward Gaul?

8.

What Roman fought in a conflict against Sulla?


What Roman fought in a conflict against Julius Caesar?
Augustus found Rome a "city of brick," and left it as what?

9.

What mythological craftsman was the first to fly?


Over what sea did Daedalus fly on his wings fashioned with wax?
Name Daedalus' son who flew too close to the sun?

ERIS/ERITIS
ERAS
SUM, I AM
CIRCE
MEDEA
ATALANTA

COMMAND
SPACE
GRAIN
VIA APPIA
VIA FLAMINIA
VIA AURELIA
MARIUS
POMPEY
A CITY OF MARBLE
DAEDALUS
AEGEAN
ICARUS

10.

Which of the following does not belong grammatically: arma, equus, puer, luna?
LUNA
Which of the following does not belong grammatically: erit, docet, ambam?
AMABAM
Which of the following does not belong grammatically: fortuns, amc, linguae,
naturs?
NATURAS

11.

What garment would be worn by a boy prior to the age of 16?


What was distinctive about a toga praetexta?
What garment would a Roman male wear after the age of 16?

12.

Translate into English the motto of the state of Wyoming.


LET ARMS YEILD TO THE TOGA
What is the Latin for this motto?
CEDANT ARMA TOGAE
Give the Latin and English for the motto of Kansas.
AD ASTRA PER ASPERA - TO THE STARS THROUGH DIFFICULTIES

13.

Who tried to enact laws in favor of the poor as tribunes?


Who was the mother of the Gracchi brothers?
How did Corneila refer to her sons?

14.

What Greek poet could enchant wild beasts and trees with his lyre?
ORPHEUS
Who was Orpheus' wife?
EURYDICE
How did Orpheus lose his wife for a second time?
HE GAZED BACK AT HER

15.

What is the meaning of the Latin adjective at the root of "paucity?"


FEW
What is the meaning of the Latin adjective at the base of "dismal?"
BAD / EVIL
What is the meaning of the Latin adjective at the base of "commiserate?"
POOR, WRETCHED, SAD

TOGA PRAETEXTA
PURPLE BOARDER
TOGA VIRILIS

THE GRACCHI
CORNELIA
AS HER JEWELS

2005 Northeast Florida Certamen


Level I, Semi Final Round
1.

What is the Latin and English for the abbreviation q.v.?


QUOD VIDE, WHICH SEE
Give the Latin and English for the abbreviation et al.
ET ALII, AND OTHERS
Give the Latin and English for the abbreviation ibid. IBIDEM, IN THE SAME PLACE

2.

What god was symbolized by a two-pronged fork?


HADES / PLUTO
What dog symbolizes Hades and guarded the entrance to the underworld?
CERBERUS
Who was Pluto's queen?
PROSERPINA

3.

What name was given to the chief priest in ancient Rome?


PONTIFEX MAXIMUS
The Pontifex Maximus was in charge of the Vestal Virgins. How many
Vestals kept the sacred fire burning?
SIX
During what religious festival were slaves granted their freedom?
SATURNALIA

4.

Translate: Flia dominae servs fabuls vers narrbat.


THE DAUGHTER OF THE MISTRESS WAS TELLING
TRUE STORIES TO THE SLAVES
Translate: Bella vrrum erant mala.
THE WARS OF THE MEN WERE EVIL / BAD
Translate: Barbar parva oppida nn occupbant.
THE FOREIGNERS WILL NOT SEIZE THE SMALL TOWNS

5.

Who was known as the "Philosopher Emperor?"


What emperor immediately succeeded Augustus?
Under what emperor did Rome reach its greatest extent?

6.

What English word, derived from a first declension Latin noun, literally means
"full of harm?"
INJURIOUS
What English word, derived from a first declesnion Latin noun, literally means
"not of mind or soul?"
INANIMATE
What English word, derived from a first declesnion Latin noun, literally means
"of or relating to the household?"
FAMILIAL

7.

Name two modern Romance languages derived from Latin


FRENCH, ROMANIAN, ITALIAN, SPANISH, PORTUGUESE
Name two more.
SEE ABOVE
Name another.
SEE ABOVE

MARCUS AURELIUS
TIBERIUS
TRAJAN

8.

What couple hospitably entertained Jupiter and Mercury?


BAUCIS & PHILEMON
What couples' lives ended in tragedy after their parents refused
to give consent to their marriage?
PYRAMUS & THISBE
What pair of brothers were known as the "Gemini?"
CASTOR & POLLUX

9.

Say in Latin: "She will order."


Change iubbit to the 1st person plural.
Change iubbimus to the 2nd person plural present.

10.

What Roman ended all of his speeches with the phrase "Carthago delenda est?"
CATO (THE ELDER)
What general defeated Hannibal in the Punic Wars?
SCIPIO (AFRICANUS)
In what century did the Punic Wars occur?
3RD CENTURY B.C.

11.

Translate into English the motto of the University of New Mexico, Lux hominum vta.
LIGHT, THE LIFE OF MEN
Translate into English the motto of Tulane University, Nn sibi sed sus.
NOT FOR HERSELF, BUT FOR HER OWN
Translate into English the motto of New York University, Perstare et Praestare.
TO PERSEVERE AND SURPASS

12.

What arena in Rome was used for chariot racing?


What large field in Rome was set aside for military training?
Give one of the two names for Roman bath houses?

13.

Translate the indirect object in the following sentence into Latin:


"The good farmers will tell the boys a long story."
PUERIS
Translate the direct object in that sentence.
FABULAM LONGAM
Translate the entire sentence.
AGRICOLAE BONI PUERIS FABULAM
LONGAM NARRABUNT

14.

What place in Greece was the home of the gods?


Who was the Roman god of the harvest?
Who is Saturn's Greek counterpart?

15.

What Roman patriot was nicknamed "left-handed" on account of his courage?


(MUCIUS) SCAEVOLA
What Roman patriot defended a bridge to delay the Etruscans?
HORATIUS
Who was the Etruscan king whose army Horatius defeated?
LARS PORSENA

IUBEBIT
IUBEBIMUS
IUBETIS

CIRCUS MAXIMUS
CAMPUS MARTIUS
THERMAE / BALNEAE

OLYMPUS
SATURN
CRONUS

2005 Northeast Florida Certamen


Level I, Final Round
1.

What English adjective, derived from a first conjugation verb, means "combative,
belligerent," or literally "full of fight?"
PUGNACIOUS
What English adjective, derived from the same verb, means "exciting distaste or
aversion?"
REPUGNANT
What English verb, derived from the same verb, means "to assail or attack?"
IMPUGN

2.

What Popular Assembly elected the consuls, praetors, and censors?


COMITIA CENTURIATA
What Latin phrase symbolized the authority of the Senate?
SENATUS POPULUSQUE ROMANUS
What offices comprised the cursus honorum? CONSUL, PRAETOR, QUAESTOR

3.

Who was the Greek god of flocks and shepherds?


PAN
What is Pan's Roman equivalent?
FAUNUS
Describe Pan's appearance?
SATYR, HALF GOAT / HALF MAN

4.

What is the meaning of the Latin noun beneficium?


What is the meaning of the Latin noun negotium?
What is the meaning of the Latin noun praesidium?

What Roman general was noted for keeping his word and returning to his
Carthaginian captors, although it meant certain death?
REGULUS
During what war was Regulus captured?
FIRST PUNIC WAR
How many Punic Wars did Rome fight with Carthage?
THREE

6.

What Greek hero was the king of Ithaca?


ODYSSEUS / ULYSSES
Who was Odysseus' faithful wife?
PENELOPE
After departing from the Trojan War, how long did it take Odysseus to reach
home?
TEN YEARS

7.

Translate into Latin: "The Roman camp is large."


CASTRA ROMANA SUNT MAGNA
Now translate: "The farmer hesitated to call the horse"
AGRICOLA EQUUM VOCARE DUBITABAT
Now translate: "The master will free the remaining slaves."
DOMINUS SERVOS RELIQUOS LIBERABIT

KINDNESS
TASK
PROTECTION

8.

Who, in 55 B.C., erected the first permanent theater in Rome? POMPEY THE GREAT
In the Theater of Pompey, for what class of people were the front seats reserved?
SENATORS
For what class of people were the next 14 rows in the theater reserved?
EQUITES / KNIGHTS

9.

In the Roman Forum, what is the name of the speaker's platform?


What is the term for the shops located in the Forum?
What is the term for the law courts located in the Forum?

10.

Give the Latin and English for the motto of the University of Florida.
CIVIUM IN MORIBUS REI PUBLICAE SALUS
IN THE CHARACTER OF ITS CITIZENS LIES THE WELFARE OF THE STATE
Give the Latin and English for the motto of the University of the South.
ECCE QUAM BONUM / BEHOLD, HOW GOOD
Give the Latin and English for the motto of the University of Vermont.
STUDIIS ET REBUS HONESTIS, TO HONORABLE PURSUITS AND DEEDS

11.

Translate the following sentence into Latin: "Do you see the great poets?"
VIDESNE/VIDETISNE MAGNOS POETAS
Translate this sentence into Latin: "The fields of the many farmers are wide.
AGRI MULTORUM AGRICOLARUM SUNT LATI
Translate this sentence into Latin: "The girl will tell the story with words."
PUELLA FABULAM VERBIS NARRABIT

12.

Who turned whatever he touched into gold?


MIDAS
Where was Midas the king?
PHRYGIA / ASIA MINOR
What Greek hero was known for performing twelve labors? HERACLES /HERCULES

13.

What Thracian slave led a formidable uprising against Rome?


What structure was the scene for gladiatorial combats during the Empire?
In what year was the Colosseum completed?

14.

ROSTRA
TABERNAE
BASILICAE

SPARTICUS
COLOSSEUM
A.D. 80

Identify the Latin adjective and its meaning from which we derive "haughty"
and "altitude."
ALTUS, HIGH
Identify the Latin adjective and its meaning from which we derive "verdict."
VERUS, TRUE
Identify the Latin adjective and its meaning from which we derive "equidistant"
AEQUUS, EQUAL

15.

What king of Epirus invaded Italy and was defeated by the Romans?
PYRRHUS
Explain a "pyrrhic victory."
SUCEESS GAINED AT TOO HIGH A COST
What Roman consul refused to be bribed by Pyrrhus?
FABRICIUS

16.

Change the phrase fortuna certa to the Dative plural.


Change the phrase pecunia multa to the Genitive plural

FORTUNIS CERTIS

PECUNIARUM MULTARUM
Change the phrase nauta propinquus to the Accusative singular.
NAUTAM PROPINQUUM
17.

What Roman deity presided over doorways and beginnings?


What two names are given to the Roman household gods?
What is the name of Janus' Greek counterpart?

18.

Give the Latin and English for the abbreviation ibid.

IANUS / JANUS
LARES & PENATES
HE HAS NONE

IBIDEM, IN THE SAME PLACE


Give the Latin and the English for the abbreviation op cit.
OPERE CITATO, IN THE WORK MENTIONED
Give the Latin and the English for the abbreviation ad lib.
AD LIBITUM, AT PLEASURE
19.

20.

Who was responsible for putting out fires and policing the streets in
ancient Rome?
Most Romans lived in apartment houses. What were these called?
What name is given to the elaborate country homes of the wealthy?

VIGILES
INSULAE
VILLAE

Differentiate in meaning between liber & lber.


LIBER (BOOK), LIBER (FREE)
Differentiate in meaning between commovre & permovre.
COMMOVERE (ALARM), PERMOVERE (AROUSE)
Differentiate in meaning between comparre & confirmre.
COMPARARE (PREPARE), CONFIRMARE (STRENGTHEN)