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LES PRINCIPAUX TEMPS DE LA LANGUE ANGLAISE

TEMPS

CONSTRUCTION

Fr: Prsent continu


GB: Present continuous

Fr : Prsent simple

GB: Present simple

Fr : Prtrit simple

GB: Simple Past

EXEMPLE(S)

1. Action en train de se raliser

1. He is reading now/at the moment.

2. Projets lis un futur proche

2. They are coming next Sunday.

Auxiliaire be au prsent + verbe-ing

- Infinitif sans to (base verbale) sauf la 1. Action habituelle, rpte


3me personne du singulier, ajouter un
s ou es.
2. Gnralit, vrit gnrale

1. I work every day.


2. The sun rises in the east.

- Forme ngative: I dont listen She


doesnt listen.

3. Narration, rcit dune histoire

3. Then, she eats dinner and goes to bed.

- Forme interrogative: Do you listen?


Does she listen?

4. Evnements dun emploi du


temps rgulier

4. The train to London leaves at 6.pm.

1. Action date et acheve

1. They lived in Paris in 1996.

- Verbes rguliers: base verbale + -ed


- Verbes irrguliers: 2me colonne
- Forme ngative: I didnt eat
- Forme interrogative: Did you eat?

Fr : Prtrit continu

Auxiliaire be au prtrit (was/were) +


verbe-ing
GB: Past continuous

CONDITION(S) DUSAGE

2. Hypothses irrelles aprs if 2. If I were there, I would be happy.


3. Hypothses irrelles aprs I
wish

3. I wish I were there now.

1. Action qui tait en train de se


drouler un moment prcis
du pass

1. He was learning Chinese in 1996.

2. Action en cours dans le pass


interrompue par une autre
action au prtrit

2. The secretary was talking on the


phone when her boss arrived.

Fr : Present perfect
simple (le parfait)
GB: Present perfect
simple

Fr : Present perfect
progressif (le parfait
progressif)
GB: Present perfect
continuous

Fr : Plus que parfait


GB: Past perfect simple

Fr : Plus que parfait


progressif
GB: Past perfect
continuous

Auxiliaire have au prsent + verbe au


participe pass (= -ed pour les verbes
rguliers; 3me colonne des verbes
irrguliers)

Auxiliaire have au prsent + been +


verbe -ing

Auxiliaire have au prtrit (had) +


verbe au participe pass (= -ed pour
les verbes rguliers; 3me colonne des
verbes irrguliers)

Auxiliaire have au prtrit (had) +


been + verbe -ing

1. Action passe non date ou


au rsultat visible

1. Im tired. I have worked a lot.

2. Action passe ayant valeur de


bilan

2. I have already been to America.

1. Action passe non date ou


au rsultat visible mais
susceptible de se poursuivre
(laccent est mis sur la dure
de laction plutt que le
rsultat)

1. I have a lot of work. I have been


studying for three hours now.

1. Action antrieure au rcit

1. They had worked all day because she


wanted to rest at the weekend.

2. Action antrieure une autre


action au prtrit

2. She had slept before she left home.

1. Action antrieure une autre


action au prtrit mais cette
premire action tait
susceptible de se prolonger.
(laccent est mis sur la dure)

1. They had been driving all night long


when the car suddenly broke down.

1bis. I have a lot of work. I have been

studying since 3pm.

Fr : Futur simple
- Auxiliaire will + base verbale

1. Prdiction sur lavenir

1. French people will speak better


English in the next decades.

2. Gnralit, vrit gnrale


sans valeur de futur en anglais
scientifique

2. The sun will rise in the east.

3. Le prsent simple a une valeur 3. I will stop working when/as soon as/
de futur aprs les conjonctions
once bob returns home.
de temps (when, as soon as,
once, etc.)

GB: Future simple

Fr : Futur progressif
- Auxiliaire will + be + verbe -ing
GB: Future continuous

1. Action qui sera en train de se


drouler un moment donn
du futur

1. Tomorrow evening, I will be


watching the game at 8.

1. Action future antrieure un


moment du futur.

1. Next week, she will have finished


her project.

1. Situation irelle du prsent


(aprs if, utilisation du
prtrit modal = action
irraliste)

1. If I had a car, I would drive there.

Fr : Futur antrieur
- Auxiliaire will + have + participe pass
GB: Future perfect

Fr : Conditionnel prsent
- would + base verbale
GB: Simple conditional

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