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2005 ALCATEL BELL N.V.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Broadband Access
7302/5523 Operator
Hands-on
Exercises Answers

University
Exercises - Answers

7302-7330/5523 operator part 1

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp


1

3FL 00324 AAAA WHAAA Ed 01

Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Table of contents

Getting started with the CDE & Alcatel 5523 AWS

p. 3

ANEL features of AWS

p. 5

License Key of 5523 AWS

p. 7

Basic equipment setup with AWS/CLI

p. 8

Cross-connect. : VLAN setup and end-user setup

p. 19

Resetting the Alcatel 7302 ISAM

p. 21

Backup / restore of ASAM-CORE and service hub

p. 25

Fault management

p. 28

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Objectives

References

Logon

Start / Stop the


AWS

Getting started with the CDE & Alcatel 5523 AWS


After completing the assignments in this chapter, the trainee will be able to:
Log on to the Alcatel 5523 via the Common Desktop Environment (CDE)
Start and stop the AWS processes
Monitor and interpret the AWS status (including process status)

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Use the CDE to navigate between different USMs


Alcatel 5523/7302 Hands-on (3FL 00324_A AAAA WBZZA ED02)
Customer Documentation: Alcatel 5523 AWS Administration User Guide

1. Log on to the AWS. The trainer will provide you with logon-ids and
passwords.
Fill in your logon-id and press enter. Next, give the corresponding
password and press enter again. The Solaris desktop should open.
2. What is the version of the AWS?
In the right bottom corner of the desktop you should see the AWS icon.
Open the AWS menu by clicking on the triangle. Clicking on the
adminstration icon , opens a new window .Dobble click on the versionicon shows the different versions of all the processes that make up the
AWS.
3. Set up the CDE so that you have the network elements view (ANEL) in one
"workspace" and the NE you will be working on (EML) in another.
Move the applications in the different workspaces, e.g. One, Two.
Note: you should open ANEL and EML before you can move them.
Moving is done by right clicking on the application, choose Occupy
Workspace and select the correct workspace.

1. Is the AWS currently running? How is this indicated? What is the status? How
did you check the status?
Via the Administration Maintenance menu, start the Status
application (marked with a big yellow ?). The color represents the
status. You can also check the status via the minimized Process
Monitoring window

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Review
Questions

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

2. Is it a stand-alone or distributed set-up that you are working on? How can you
see this? Give 2 possibilities.
Via the Status Window. Workstation and type of Workstation are
specified
Via Process monitoring, in the tree view all the processes are visibly
divided per workstation. The first visible workstation is always the master.
3. Make sure that you can see the AWS status, without keeping the processingmonitoring window open.
See previous answer. Minimize the Status window (or the Process
Monitoring window). The minimized window shows the color. If one
process is failing or acknowledged, the minimized status window will be
red. The process-monitoring window makes the distinction (red for failing
process, blue for acknowledged process).
4. Start the AWS processes (guided by the teacher, because this assignment is the
same for all the groups), and make sure that you can see the different processes
starting up one by one.
Via the DPC Process Monitoring (Administration Maintenance
Process Monitoring). Expand all the processes (clicking on the + in front
of the AWS process) and right click on the top-level process. From here
you can start/stop all sub-processes, and you can monitor them.

1. What is the application to start when you want to see the network elements?
ANEL or Network Elements
2. How can we be notified in a very simple way that something goes wrong with
a process?
When the minimized Status window or the minimized Process Monitoring
window turns from green to red. See previous questions.
3. What is the application to open when you want to see the different boards of
the NE?
The EML-USM window. Open Network Elements, double click on an
NE, and double click on a subrack.
4. How can you have more details on the running processes?
In the DPC process list (Process Monitoring), simply select a process and
right click - Show info. You can also select a process and go to the Actions
menu - Show info.

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2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

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Alcatel-Lucent University

Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Objectives

ANEL

ANEL features of AWS


After completing the assignments in this chapter, the trainee will be able to:
Modify the list of network elements.
Apply a filter to the ANEL view.
Perform a search on specific NEs, boards, etc.
Check the load of IM-processes.

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Check the reachability of the NE (IP and SNMP connectivity).


Retrieve a list of VLANs defined on the AWS (per mode).
Search which VLAN-ids are still available.

1. You have a very large network. The NEs are organized in a lot of different
folders/locations. You had to go away for a while. You want to have a fast view
on all the supervised NEs in the network, which have critical and major
alarms.
ANEL view: First make a flat view via Views Layout - Flat. This way
all the NEs are visible on the screen.
Then create the appropriate filter via Views Filter: Add condition select Alarm Status - Is at least - major. (If you select "Alarm Status is
equal to major", you have to select a similar condition for critical alarms
and you have to select "match any of the following".)
2. At a certain moment, the decision has been made to replace all EBLT-C/J
boards. As an operator, you need to know which NEs need to be visited by a
field engineer. Retrieve all the NEs containing EBLT-C/J boards.
Select all the supervised NEs and go to Views Find Boards.
Select the correct type (in the column installed boards) and the result will
be shown in a new window.
3. Customer "Smith" calls the helpdesk (you). He has some problems with his
connection. You don't know to which ASAM he is connected. How can you
quickly find the port of that customer?
ANEL view (select one or more NEs): Views Go to port by customer
When the ASAM is not supervised or isolated, the option "go to port by
customer" is grayed out.
Remark: the administrator can disable this option. (Administration Customization - System Tuning). See Advanced AWS Operator course.
4. Check the IM load of EML-IM process 100.
ANEL view: Views IM load

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

5. Check the IP connectivity between the AWS and your NE.


ANEL view, select NE: NE Reachability test
6. Stop the supervision on the NE and try again. What happens and why?
ANEL view, select NE: NE Supervision Stop. The NE is still
reachable! Stopping the supervision only stops the management and no
alarms are reported but the connection is not lost!
7. How many Residential Bridge VLANs are created on the AWS?
ANEL view Service Definition Show (Select: RB VLAN)

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

8. Is VID 101 still free? Is there no VLAN with VID 101 on the AWS? (How do
you find a list of all free VLAN IDs?)
ANEL view Service Utilities Get Free VLANs

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Objectives

License key

License Key of 5523 AWS

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

After completing these assignments, you will be able to:


-

Identify the place where to adapt the license keys

Retrieve license rights and actual usage

1. Until what date is your license for AWS-CORE valid?


What is the host ID of the AWS?
Go to Administration Maintenance - License and select AWS-Core to
see more details (a.o. validation period and host id).
2. How many ADSL2+ lines does the license allow to be configured? And

how many ADSL2+ lines are currently in use?


Go to Administration Maintenance - License and select ADSL2+ to
see more details (a.o. number of lines allowing ADSL2+).
3. Is the number of used ports affected when you stop supervising an NE

that has configured EBLT boards?


Go to Administration Maintenance - License and select AWS-Core to
check the number of used ports. Then go to the ANEL view and stop
supervising an NE with configured EBLT boards. After that you check
the license usage again. The number of used ports will have decreased.
4. Try to find the number of users that are currently logged on. Which user-id are
they using?
Go to Administration Maintenance - License List logged in users
Go to Administration Session List logged in users

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Objectives

References

Retrieval of
equipment
information

Basic equipment setup


With the Alcatel 5523 AWS
And with the full CLI
After completing the assignments in this chapter, the trainee will be able to
configure and retrieve information on:
2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Profiles
Ports and connections
STP
LACP

Alcatel 5523 AWS (3FL 00324_C AAAA WBAAA Ed 02)

Alcatel 5523/7302 Hands-on (3FL 00324 AAAA WBAAA)


Alcatel 5523 AWS: customer documentation

Perform these exercises with CLI and AWS unless specified differently
1

Using the AWS, how can you navigate from ANEL to the rack view of your
ISAM (2 possibilities)?
Double-click on ISAM
Via ANEL: select ISAM Views Equipment

There is no way that you can physically go to the ISAM. How do you know
the HW version of the shelf that you are working on? (ASPS-X, ALTS-X, )
AWS:
1) Go to EML-USM of the ISAM. Click on Subrack sub-menu.Goto
Show.The HW version of the shelf is displayed next to Detected Type.
Via Full CLI: The command show equipment shelf gives you errorstatus: no error. This means that the configured shelf and the installed
shelf match.
To see the configured shelf enter the command show equipment shelf
detail or show equipment shelf 1/1 detail or configure equipment shelf
1/1 info detail or info configure equipment shelf 1/1.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Without going physically to the shelf, how can you see if there is an NT I/O
inserted in the ISAM?
Via AWS: Go to EML-USM shelf view, on the GUI you can
immediately see whether an NT I/O is present or not.
Via Full CLI: Enter the command Show equipment applique 1/1/2.
Then you can only see the actual type, not the planned type. You can
verify the planned-type with the command configure equipment applique
1/1/2 info detail.
The command Show equipment applique 1/1/2 detail gives you some
more information. Here you can see the actual type (plugged) and the
planned type.

How many boards are configured on the ISAM?


Via AWS: Go to EML-USM shelf view. On the GUI you can see which
boards are configured. Configured boards appear in white
Via Full CLI: The command configure equipment <enter> info detail
gives you not only the information on slots, but also information on
appliques, shelf, rack and system.

Which boards are actually inserted in the ISAM?


Via AWS: Go to EML-USM shelf view. On the GUI you can see which
boards are configured. If a board is configured but not installed, the
board will come up with a missing board-tag. You can also recognize
slot positions with plugged boards that havent been configured.
Via Full CLI: The command show equipment slot gives you
information on all slots. The slots where the Type field indicates
EMPTY, are the slots where physically no board is installed.

Find the inventory/FPBA code of one of the boards physically inserted in the
shelf. How do you find this information?
Via AWS: Go to EML-USM shelf view, select the board. Go to board
show remote inventory.
Via Full CLI: The command show equipment slot Rack/shelf/slot
detail gives you the requested information.
The inventory/FPBA code is e.g.: 3FE21641AAAA.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Ask the teacher which board and ports to


Retrieving
port /connection use for the retrieval exercises!
information

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

1. Which xDSL line profiles are present on the ISAM?


Both xdsl spectrum profile as xdsl service profile exist.
Via AWS: Go to EML-USM view. Go to configuration profiles
show.
Via Full CLI: the command show xdsl profiles gives you the next
available index that you can use to configure a new profile. But you do not
see how many profiles are actually created. When the next available index
is e.g. 3, it doesnt mean that index 8 is not yet created.
If you want to see the profiles created, you need to go via the command
configure xdsl info . This command gives you all the profiles created on
the ISAM but also all the xdsl-ports configurable at this stage.
Index 0 for service profile and spectrum profile indicates that the xdsl-line
is not configured.
2. Which ports are configured on your board?
Via AWS: Go to EML-USM board view. Make sure you are in
expanded view. (++ sign)
Via Full CLI: Use the match (filter) command . Configure>xdsl> info |
match after exact:1/1/x . The output will then also give all the info of the
ports on slots x + 1,2, . You can stop the output by typing <control> c
3. Which xdsl line profiles are installed on your user port Training-a?
On port level xdsl line profiles are configured.
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM board view. Go to Port Show and
activate the General tab. This will display the used profiles. Clicking on
the show button opens the profile details.
Via Full CLI: via the command configure>xdsl>line
rack/shelf/slot/port# info detail. You retrieve the indexes of the profiles.
For more details on the used profiles, use the configure xdsl service/
spectrum-profile x info detail command
4. Which line rates are configured on your port?
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM board view. Go to Port Show and
activate the General tab . Click on the show button next to the xdsl service
profile. .
Via Full CLI: first you need to know the profiles configured on your
port. These can be retrieved by the command configure>xdsl>line
rack/shelf/slot/port# info detail
The physical line parameters are configured via the service-profile .
configure>xdsl>service-profile>x# info detail gives you the requested
information.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

5. What is the minimum alarm severity reported on your port?


Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM board view. Go to Port Show and
activate the General tab and check the alarm configuration window pane.
In this window you find the minimum severity reported on your port.

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Via Full CLI: The alarm severity reporting mode is configured on xdslinterface level.
configure>interface> port >xdsl-line: rack/shelf/slot/port# info detail
gives you the alarm severity reported on the port.
6. How many ATM-connections are configured on the xDSL-port Training-a?
Display a list of all VP/VCs used on your port. How did you find this
information?
| Via AWS: Double click on a customer port. This way the port-view
window appears. Here you can count the number of ATM connections.
The connection tag () on the board view window doesnt give you an
indication on the number of connections.
Via Full CLI: show > atm > interface 1/1/slot/port (to see the number)
configure >atm> info | match exact rack/shelf/slot/port (to get the list)
7. Which Ethernet ports are configured on the ISAM?
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM board view of the NT-board. The 24
Ethernet ports available on the ISAM are shown. The ports in the unused
state are not configured. ASAM ports and the control port are not
configurable. You can only perform show commands on these ports
Via Full CLI: Ethernet port is an interface on the SHUB.
configure>interface> shub> info | match after exact port (otherwise you
also get IP interfaces and vlan interfaces). Port type unused, or port type
not mentioned means that the Ethernet port is not configured.
Via the command show interface shub port you can see the status of
these ports.
8. What is the configuration of network port 1?
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM board view of the NT-board. Network
port 1 is Ethernet port 18. Click on the port, go to Port Show
Via Full CLI: Ethernet port is an interface on the SHUB .
configure>interface> shub>port>1# info detail.
Or you can enter the command: info configure interface shub port 1
detail
Port-Type is e.g. out-band management or network.
9. You are not able to physically access the ISAM. How can you verify if your
Ethernet ports are up?
Via AWS: Go to the port view of the NT board. Active ports are
indicated via a green v-sign ().
Via Full CLI: Ethernet port is an interface on the SHUB. show

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12

Basic
configuration
of ISAM

Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

interface shub port 1 (oper-status: up)

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Ask the teacher which board and ports to use for the configuration
exercises!
1. Create an EBLT-C board in one of the free slots via the AWS/CLI. What are
the default settings? Verify your configuration on CLI/AWS.
Via AWS: Go to the EML USM shelf view Board Accept (in case
the board is plugged in).
Use Board Create when the board is not plugged in yet.
Via Full CLI: The command configure equipment slot 1/1/x plannedtype eblt-c.
Default settings are unlocked and no power down.
2. Configure 2 ports, port x and port x+10, on the board assigned to you by the
teacher, so that they will operate in the following conditions.
- Operational mode: ADSL
- Upstream synchronizing at 350 kbps
- Downstream synchronizing at 7 Mbps
- Provide customer id to your liking
- For other parameters keep default profile settings. Use your own profiles!
Configure port x with AWS
configure port x + 10 with CLI
Only port x has a modem physically connected. Make sure that on that port the
modem synchronizes!
Note: x=ADSLx
To configure the xdsl port, first the service and spectrum profile need to
be created on the ISAM. Once they are present on the ISAM they can be
applied to an xdsl port
Via AWS: Create Profile Templates on the AWS (In the ANEL
window). Download them to ISAM. ISAM considers them as profiles. To
apply the profiles on the port, go to the EML-USM board view, select the
port, go to port port configure
Via Full CLI: Configuration of service and spectrum profile with CLI
is done via the command configure xdsl service-profile/spectrum profile
<index> name <xxxx>.
Now the profile is created with default parameters. Now you can modify
the parameters you want.
Make sure that you activate your profile, otherwise you will not be able to
apply it to an xdsl port.
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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Note: via the show xdsl profiles you are able to retrieve the next available
index id that you can use.
Once the profiles are created, apply them to your port via the command
configure xdsl line <port id> service-profile <x> spectrum profile <y>
Note: When configuring the xdsl line for the first time, you need to specify
service and spectrum profile together. Afterwards you can modify one of
the two profiles independent of the other.
The last step is the configuration of the xdsl interface via configure
interface port xdsl-line <port id>. Here you configure the user id and
default alarm setting of the port.

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

From now on perform the exercises on the port where the


modem is connected. (= port x )
3. How do you know if the modem is synchronized?
Via AWS: Go to the port view of the LT board. Synchronized (active)
modems are indicated via a green v-sign (). Otherwise, a red cross () is
shown.
Via Full CLI: The command show interface port xdslline:rack/shelf/slot/port gives you Operational status of the interface.
Note: It is necessary to check this, because the ISAM remembers the rate
at which the modem synched the last time, even though the modem is not
synched anymore.
4. What is the physical bit rate at which the modem is synchronized?
For a modem connected to an ADSL board
via AWS In the Port Show window on the Channel/RI tab you find
the upstream bit rates in the XTU-C column and downstream bit rates in
the XTU-R colunmn (bit rate and Max. Attainable Bit Rate).
Via Full CLI: via command
show>xdsl>operational-data> line rack/shelf/slot/port
5. On the port where the modem is attached to, create an ATM termination point
using VPI/VCI value 8/35, encapsulation type LLC/SNAP for IPoE/PPPoE,
with AWS.
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM port view. Select connection Create
ATM termination. Provide VPI/VCI value and leave AAL parameters
to default
6. Create an ATM termination point using VPI/VCI value 8/36, encapsulation
type LLC/SNAP for IPoE/PPPoE, with CLI.
Via Full CLI: This requires two separate steps
Step 1: Configure atm pvc <Rack/Shelf/board/port:VPI:VCI> <enter>.
From now on you can also configure/modify the AAL parameters by going
to the configure>atm>pvc> Rack/Shelf/Board/Port:VPI:VCI$ prompt.
Step 2: configure the bridge port no vlan id, tag, qos parameters defined
at this stage. These parameters need to be filled in when the bridge port is
associated to a VLAN. Use the command:

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Retrieving STP
info
configure bridge port <Rack/Shelf/board/port:VPI:VCI>.

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

1. What are the STP (or RSTP) parameters on the system (bridge parameters, e.g.
hello time, forwarding delay)?
Via AWS: Go to EML-USM view. Go to configuration STP show
config.
Via Full CLI: show rstp port-info
2. Which Ethernet ports on the SHUB are in the forwarding state?
Via AWS: Go to EML-USM board view. Select a network port on the
NT. Go to port show.Select the Operational tab
Via Full CLI: show rstp port-info.
3. Is LACP enabled?
Via AWS: Go to EML-USM view. Go to configuration LACP
show
Via Full CLI: configure la > info detail (no disable-lacp means that
LACP is enabled)
4. Create a link aggregation group with 2 network links only via AWS. Keep the
default settings for the LACP related parameters (actor admin key etc.)
More details on the meaning of the LACP parameters will be given in the
advanced course.
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM view. Go to the NT. Select one
configured network port and one unconfigured port. Go to port link
aggregation aggregate
5. Retrieve link aggregation information from the LAG you created. What value
do the LACP parameters have?
Via AWS: select the logical group on the NT. Go to port link
aggregation configure
Via Full CLI: configure la > info detail
6. Deaggregate a link from the LAG you created only via AWS.
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM view. Go to the NT. Select one of the
contributing links of the LAG. Go to configuration LACP
deaggregate.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Review Questions 1. In which window can you find the profiles present at the
AWS?
AWS
ANEL view: Templates Profile Show
2. How do you know that your modem is synchronized? In which window can
you see it?
EML view (port view): green v-sign or red cross.

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

3. Where can you find the profiles available on the ISAM? Is this list the same
for all ISAMs?
EML view: Configuration Profiles Show. This list can be different
for other ISAMs.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Objectives

Retrieval of
Residential
global
bridge
retrieval
References
Service/VLAN
exercises
information

Residential Bridge
VLAN setup and end-user setup
After completing the assignments in this chapter, you will be able to:
2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Retrieve vlan info


Create Residential Bridge vlan and deploy on bridge port
Alcatel 5523/7302 Basic Operator (3FL 00324_D_WB_Ed02)
Alcatel 5523 AWS: customer documentation

Perform these exercises with CLI and AWS unless specified


differently
1. Which Services are created on the AWS?
Via AWS: In the ANEL window go to Service Definition show.
Select the service type: RB VLAN first, then L2 Terminated VLAN.
2. Find all the VLANs (Services) that are configured on the ISAM.
Via AWS: On the EML-USM go to views find VLANs do not
apply any filter (you want to see all configured VLANs), then click on the
filter button.
Via Full CLI: To be sure that the VLAN is created in the entire system
you need to check if the VLAN is created on the SHUB and on the LTs.
Via configure vlan <enter> info and configure vlan shub <enter> info
Note: this gives you a list with configured VLANs and ports added to this
VLAN, which can make the output cluttered. The command show vlan
name and show vlan shub-vlan-name gives you a more compact list. Be
aware that in that case the management VLANs are not shown.

Perform these exercises on the board and ports assigned to you to


do the retrieval exercises.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

1. What is the forwarding mode of VLAN 200 (cross-connect, bridged, )?


Via AWS: On the EML-USM go to views find VLANs apply filter
on VLAN id, then click on the filter button

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Via Full CLI: You need to check the configuration on ASAM-CORE


and SHUB (configuration needs to be consistent). The commands are
Configure vlan id 200 <enter> info and configure vlan shub id 200
<enter> info
2. What are the ports belonging to vlan 200 on the SHUB? Explain what you
see.
All ASAM ports belong to vlan 200
Via AWS: On the EML-USM go to views find VLANs apply filter
on VLAN id, then click on the filter button. Clicking on the show config
button gives you a list of all configured ports associated to this VLAN. The
Show Actual button gives you a list of all the ports associated to this
VLAN which are operational.
Via Full CLI: configure vlan shub id 200 gives you all configured
ports belonging to vlan 200.
Show vlan shub-port-vlan-map | match exact:200 gives you the same
list. To see if the ports are operational see one of the previous exercises.
3. Which logical ports are associated to VLAN 200?
Via AWS: On the EML-USM go to views find VLANs apply filter
on VLAN id, then click on the filter button. Clicking on the show config
button gives you a list of all configured ports associated to this VLAN. The
Show Actual button gives you a list of all the ports associated to this
VLAN of which the board is operational.
Via Full CLI: Via Show vlan residential bridge 200 gives you the
bridge ports associated to VLAN 200 configured on boards that are
operational (plugged in).
If you want to see all the ports associated with that VLAN (so also the
ports on boards extracted, use configure bridge <enter> info --> you get
a lot of information but theres no possibility to get output per VLAN via
filter.
(You can configure ports on a planned board that isnt plugged yet.)
4. Explain the total configuration of the user logical port PVC 8/35 on port
TRAINING-a.
Note: For the downstream forwarding, we assume that the SHUB knows the
MAC@ of the end user within the respective VLANs.

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Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM port view, select the ATM connection
and go to connection. The logical user port is associated to only 1 VLAN,
VLAN 200 and this is also the default VLAN. Frames accepted from user
side are untagged!
Via Full CLI: VLAN association is defined in the configure bridge port
command. Via configure bridge port <port id> <enter> info detail
the bridged port is associated to VLAN 200 (VID 200) and there you see
frame type is untagged. PVID is also VLAN 200 so the VLAN 200 is also
the default VLAN

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What happens when the end-user sends a frame with VLAN tag 200?
Frames are sent to the network with VLAN tag 200. MAC-address of end
user is learned on user logical port.
What happens when the end-user sends a frame with VLAN tag 300?
Frames are deleted in RB.
What happens when the end-user sends an untagged frame?
Frames are sent to the network with VLAN tag 200. MAC-address of end
user is learned on user logical port.
What happens with a frame with VLAN tag 200 coming from the network?
If destination MAC-address is learned on user logical port, the frame is
sent towards end-user untagged.
What happens with a frame with VLAN tag 300 coming from the network?
Logical port is not member of VLAN 300 so frames are deleted.
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM port view, select the ATM connection
and go to connection VLAN association Residential Bridge
VLAN Show configuration. In the Bridge Port window pane there is a
field Max Number of MAC Addresses.
Via Full CLI: VLAN association is defined in the configure bridge port
command. Via configure bridge port <port id> <enter> info detail you
can see max-unicast-mac.
1. Check the MAC-address learned on your bridged port using AWS and CLI.
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM port view, click on the bridged port,
go to connection --> Mac Addresses --> Show
Via Full CLI: show vlan bridge-port <pvc id>

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

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Global Service/VLAN configuration

1. Create RB VLAN with VLAN ID=20x (x = adsl-x) via CLI. All traffic types
are possible within the VLAN. The VLAN is default VLAN on logical port 8/35.
4 user sessions possible on the logical port. No user line id is required for DHCP
or BRAS. No MC service is deployed within the VLAN.
Try to initiate a PPPoE session towards the network. Verify if your configuration
works.
Note: BRAS will not provide you with an IP-address (Setup of the network
currently not ready )
Setup

Creating a VLAN via CLI implies creation of the VLAN in the ASAMCORE and in the SHUB. Check if you can surf the web. VLAN 20x
terminates on a BRAS so use PPPoE to set up a connection.
It is a RB VLAN so you need to make sure that on the SHUB all the ASAMlinks are associated to this VLAN
Via CLI: Step 1: creation of VLAN on ASAM core.
Use command configure vlan id xxx name <service name> mode residentialbridge. Once the VLAN is created you can modify the parameters.
Step 2: creation of VLAN on SHUB
Use command configure vlan shub id xxx name <service name> mode
residential-bridge.
Step 3: Associate appropriate ports to the VLAN
For a RB this means all the ASAM-ports and 1 or more network ports.
Use command configure>vlan>shub>id>xxx# egress-port lt:1/1/x and
configure>vlan>shub>id>xxx# egress-port network:x

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Objectives

References

Cross-connect
Mode retrieval
exercises

Cross-connect.
VLAN setup and end-user setup
After completing the assignments in this chapter, the trainee will be able to:
Distinguish between the different cross-connect models
Understand the ingress/forwarding/egress mechanisme
2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Create cross-connect vlans and associations via CLI and AWS


Alcatel 5523/7302 Operator ( 3FL 00324_E AAAA WBZZA ED02 )
Alcatel 5523 AWS: customer documentation

Perform these exercises on the board and ports assigned to you to


do the retrieval exercises.
1. What is the forwarding mode of VLAN 333 (cross-connect, bridged, )?
Check with AWS and CLI.
Via AWS: On the EML-USM go to views find VLANs apply filter
on VLAN id, then click on the filter button
Via Full CLI: You need to check the configuration on ASAM-CORE
and SHUB (configuration needs to be consistent). The commands are
Configure vlan id 333 <enter> info and configure vlan shub id 333
<enter> info
2. What are the ports assigned to VLAN 333 on the ASAM-CORE and on the
service hub . Explain what you see.
VLAN 333 is C-VLAN Cross connect mode (VLAN association: Crossconnect, Stack type: unstacked C-VLAN).
This means that only one user is associated to one VLAN. On the ASAMcore this means that only one logical port is bridged towards this VLAN.
On the Service hub it means that maximum one ASAM-link or one
directly connected end user (Ethernet user) is connected to this VLAN.
Multiple Network ports can be assigned to this VLAN.
Via AWS: On the EML-USM go to views find VLANs apply filter
on VLAN id, then click on the filter button. Clicking on the show config
button gives you a list of all configured ports associated to this VLAN. The
Show Actual button gives you a list of all the ports associated to this
VLAN which are operational.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Via Full CLI: configure vlan shub id 333 gives you all configured
ports belonging to vlan 333.
Show vlan shub-port-vlan-map | match exact:333 gives you the same
list. To see if the ports are operational see one of the previous exercises.

3. Is there a service defined on the AWS for any of the cross-connect modes?
Explain for which cross-connect mode this is useful and why.
Via AWS: The only service defined on the AWS for cross-connect
forwarding mode is the service stacked VLAN. Service defined to ease
configuration of the S-VLAN/C-VLAN cross-connect mode.
This is logical since in the single tag cross connect and S-VLAN
transparency the S-VLAN and C-VLAN is unique per logical port.
In case of S-VLAN/C-VLAN cross-connect the S-VLAN defines a service
and can be mapped on multiple logical ports. So in that case having a
service defined on the ISAM makes sence.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

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Objectives

References
Resetting the
7302 ISAM /
retrieval
exercises

Resetting the Alcatel 7302 ISAM.


The AWS can only access the ISAM once IP connectivity has been established
between the AWS and the ISAM.
After completing the assignments in this chapter, the trainee will be able to:
Retrieve IP and other management related information
configure the ASAMs IP settings via the CLI
delete/create an ISAM in the ANEL view of the AWS
configure the ISAM layout in the EML view of the AWS
(un)supervise an ISAM

Alcatel 5523/7302 Basic Operator (3FL 00324 _B AAAA WBZZA ED02


)
Alcatel 5523 AWS: customer documentation

Perform the exercises with CLI and AWS where possible

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

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1. What is the IP-address of the ISAM?


Via AWS: Go to the ANEL window, select the ISAM and go the NE
show info. In this window you find the IP-address of the ISAM. Via
Full CLI: IP address of the ISAM can be retrieved via the command
configure system management <enter> info .
2. What is the external management VLAN that we use to for the management of
the ISAM? Are we using in-band or out-band management?
Via AWS: Go to the EML-USM view. Go to Service VLAN
System parameters show config. Here you see the OAM settings. You
can also go to the board view of the NT card. One of the external
Ethernet ports is configured as out-band management ports (Icon). Click
on the port and go to port show. To know the VLAN id of the
management VLAN, right-click on the port used for management and go
to show VLAN associations
Via Full CLI: The OAM mode can be retrieved via the command
configure system shub entry <enter> info detail.
Once you know the vlan id for external management you can retrieve the
ports mapped to this VLAN with the command configure vlan shub id
xxx <enter> info.
If you want to know if management is done tagged or untagged and
whether the external management vlan id is PVID or not, you can enter
the command configure bridge shub <enter> info detail
3. Delete the ISAM from the ANEL view and check your connections. Does the
setup of the PPP session still work?
Before you can delete the ISAM, you have to bring it to the nonsupervised state.
Via AWS: Go to the ANEL window, Select the ISAM NE
Supervision Stop. Now you can delete the ISAM. Select the ISAM NE
Delete (+ confirm)
You can still initiate a PPP session, because the MIB database on the
ISAM is not affected.
4. Recreate the ISAM with the same parameters and bring it to the supervised
state. Browse through the different views and check if something has changed.
Why (not)?
ANEL view: NE Create. Fill in the correct values (see first question)
again and start supervision (immediately from the creation window, or via
NE Supervision Start).
Nothing has changed. Once the AWS has established IP connectivity with
the ISAM, it seems as if nothing happened.
If you dont touch the MIB database on the ISAM, everything is still OK.
The AWS is only a management system.
5.
6. Which machines are able to perform full SNMP management on the ISAM?
Via the CLI: Within the ISAM you need to define the SNMP managers

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Resetting the
7302 ISAM /
Configuration
exercises

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

allowed. You can check the configuration via the command configure
system security snmp <enter> info Youll see the ipaddress(es) or
subnet(s) associated with the SNMP communities public and
NETMAN that have SNMP connectivity to the ISAM

1. The MIB database(s) of the ISAM will be cleared (by the teacher). In addition,
the ISAM will be deleted from the ANEL view. Check your connections. Can
you still surf the web? Why (not)?
No. The complete configuration is deleted. Resetting the ISAM will
clean up the system, and consequently remove all profiles, customers and
other configuration from the ISAM.
2. Bring the ISAM back up with all parameters required to make sure that you
can supervise the ISAM again with the AWS. Recreate the ISAM and bring it
to the supervised state. Follow these requirements:
We represent an operator with equipment installed in Belgium. We want to
work in a way that our ISAMs are grouped per province. We divide each
province in a logical "north" and "south" region.
Use the locations "north of Antwerp" and "south of Luxembourg". Ask the
teacher which location to use.
Reconfiguration of IP parameters
1) Setup Management IP Address (here: ISAM IP = 172.31.79.15X )
configure system single-public-ip
configure system management host-ip-address manual: 172.31.79.15X/24
configure system management default-route 172.31.79.129
configure system security snmp community public host-address 172.31.79.15X /24
(context nt ) privilege read-write
configure system security snmp community NETMAN host-address
172.31.79.15X /24 context shub privilege read-write
2) Set Out-band management on port 1 / vlan 4093
configure interface shub port 1 port-type outband-mngt
configure interface shub port 1 admin-status auto-up
configure system shub entry vlan ext-vlan-id 4093

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

configure vlan shub id 4093 egress-port network:1


configure vlan shub id 4093 untag-port network:1
configure bridge shub port 1 pvid 4093
configure vlan shub id 1 no egress-port network:1
3) save the IP configuration of the SHUB and reboot to make it active
admin software-mngt shub database save
admin equipment reboot-shub system reset

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

recreating the ISAM on the AWS


ANEL view NE Create.
3. Open the EML-USM. Do you see a difference in the configuration of the
ISAM compared with the situation that you had before the MIB was cleared ?
Why (not)?
The creation of the shelf and the NT board is done automatically. The
other entire configuration is lost.

4. Delete the AWS as SNMP manager. Explain what happens.


Perform a reachability test on the ASAM-CORE and on the SHUB. Explain
what you see.
Defining the AWS as SNMP manager as security feature is only
possible on the SHUB. The command to use is configure system security
snmp no community <x>.
In that case you will see that the SHUB is still pingable but you have lost
SNMP reachability.
5. Restore the situation
Via the CLI with command configure system security snmp shub
community <x> name NETMAN privilege read-write ip-addr <IP-address
AWS>

6. Make sure that the ISAM is configured such that your modem synchronizes
using Service profile and spectrum profile TRAINING

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Objectives

References
Backup

Backup / restore of ASAM-CORE and service hub

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

After completing the assignments of this chapter, the trainee will be able to:

perform a manual backup of an ISAM, including the service hub

locate the backup files on the AWS

retrieve the list of all backup files of a single ISAM

restore a specific backup from the A5523 AWS to the ISAM: via the AWS for
the ASAM-CORE and via CLI for the service hub.

Alcatel 5523/7302 Operator, ISAM backup & restore (3FL 00324_J AAAA
WBZZA ED02 )

Alcatel 5523 AWS: customer documentation

1. Take a manual backup of your ISAM (both ASAM-CORE and service hub!)
using the AWS. How do you proceed? (2 possibilities). What is the file name
given by the AWS?
ANEL view: Configuration Backup/Restore Backup.Specify a file
name and click OK.
EML view: Supervision Backup/Restore Backup.. Specify a file
name and click OK.
The system will take the name given by the operator but it will also
include the SW version running on the NT and time&date of the backup
in the name.
2. Show a list of all backups of the ISAM you have been working on (2
possibilities).
ANEL view: Supervision Backup/Restore List Backup Files
EML view: Supervision Backup/Restore List Backup Files
3. Can I take a backup of multiple ISAMs at the same time? Y/N
If it possible, how? Do it. How are the different backups differentiated?
Via ANEL view. Make sure you select multiple ISAMs.
The backup files will have the same name, but they are all kept in their
own specific directory (per ISAM).
4. Display a list of all backup files at Unix level. In which directory do you need
to look?
open a terminal window.
1)AWS versie 7.1 :

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Review
Questions
Go to
/var/opt/aws/isam/_7.1.0.17.3/isamim_710Mt_WAL_102.3/data/backup/IS
AMx of the ISAM>. Enter the command ls l to list all files in that
directory.
2) AWS versie 6.5

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Go to /var/opt/aws/equipment/backup/<name of the ISAM> Enter the


command ls l to list all files in that directory.

5. Restore the ASAM-CORE backup taken in (1). (Notify the other trainees
working on the same ISAM!) What happens?
EML view: Supervision Backup/Restore Restore (select the correct
file). The ISAM will reset.
6. Can I restore ASAM-CORE backups on multiple ISAMs at the same time?
Not possible!
7. Restore the service hub backup taken in (1) via CLI. (Notify the other trainees
working on the same ISAM!)
show > software-mngt > shub (to see which partition is active: e.g.
config -1)
admin software-mngt shub copy from 138.203.21.209:backup/<ISAM>
to shub:/config2/iss.conf
admin software-mngt shub select-config config-2
admin equipment reboot-shub
8. Try to find out if the automatic backup feature is active and at what time the
backup is taken.
ANEL Configuration Backup/Restore Show config (to see if a
periodic backup will be taken. It doesnt say how often and at what time.)
EML-USM Supervision Backup/Restore Show config (same
info)
Via the Administration menu Customization Backup tuning (to see
the periodicity and the time the backup is to be taken).
9. Delete the backup files you created on the AWS.
ANEL Configuration Backup/Restore Delete backup files
EML-USM Supervision Backup/Restore Delete backup files

1. What is the meaning of "backing-up the ISAM?


Saving the current configuration of the ASAM, i.e. the profiles,
connections, customer-ids, configuration data. It saves/copies the MIB
settings in flash memory on to the hard disk of the AWS.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

2. How can you see a list of all the backups of the ISAM available in the ISAM?
(2 possibilities)
ANEL window configuration backup/restore list backup files
EML view supervision backup/restore list backup files
3. In which window can you perform a manual backup?
ANEL & EML window.

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

4. What are the differences between a manual and an automatic backup parameter
wise?
Filename, frequency, scheduling,

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

Objectives

References

Alarms

Fault management

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

After completing the assignments of this chapter, you will be able to:

describe how alarms are handled in the 5523 AWS.

analyse the different alarm indications

retrieve a list of all the current alarms (NE or object level)

create and use alarm sublists

describe the different actions that can be performed on an alarm

retrieve detailed information of a specific alarm

overrule the alarm reporting mode on the ISAM for a specific port

3FL00324 Alcatel 5523/7302 Hands-on, Alarms


Alcatel 5523 AWS: customer documentation

Before you start the assignments on fault management, close all the AWS windows
except for the ANEL window.
1. Make sure you have an additional workspace in your CDE environment to put
in the CAL-USM.
See first chapter on how to move a specific window to another
workspace.
2. Focus on the ANEL window while you remove your LT board (inform your
colleagues!). What do you see?
The status of the ISAM changes (the alarm is always propagated to the
highest level, even to the hierarchical structure on the left side in the
ANEL window).
3. Navigate to the specific object on which the alarm occurred. While doing so,
try to analyze the tags and messages on the different screens. When you are on
board level, do you still see the alarm? Why (not)?
Double click on the ISAM and subrack. Single click on the alarm tag
to see the list of possible alarms. Occurring alarms are blue, yellow,
orange or red. Moving the mouse pointer over the alarm tags will display
the alarm description.
Once you click on the alarm status tag of the board you see at the
bottom the CFG tag changing color, indicating a board-removed error
When you reach the board view you do not see the alarm anymore, also
the indicators on the screen do not show correlated errors.

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Alcatel 5523 & 7302 Hands-on Exercises

4. Analyze the alarm counters on the EML-USM window. Explain them.


The counters on the top of the screen indicate the number of alarms of
a particular kind: at the left there are 5 counters per severity level and at
the right you have counters per domain: e.g. IP related alarms, SubNE
alarms, LT Port Alarms, NT Port Alarms, Equipment Alarms.

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

5. What is the system proposed solution for the generated alarm in exercise 2?
How did you find this information?
Proposed solution is re-plug board, check configuration. This text
can be found by going to the More Info window:

double click on the alarm

select the alarm, right click with your mouse and select 'More Info'

select the alarm, go to the Display menu and select 'More Info'.

6. Re-insert the board and watch the status of the alarm


The alarm is automatically cleared (CLR)
7. Acknowledge the alarm and see what happens
Select the alarm in the sublist: Action Acknowledge or go to the
relevant alarm, right click with the mouse and select Acknowledge. The
alarm will be removed from the CAL (current alarm list) and moved to
the HAL (historical alarm list).
8. Make sure that the system only generates a list of alarms for your NE only (in
the CAL). How do you proceed? (2 possibilities)
ANEL window: Select 1 NE, go to View Show Alarms
Go to the EML view. Via Views Show Alarms On NE
In both cases a sublist for that NE is created on the fly.
In fact theres also a third possibility: go to the CAL USM Sublist
Create - <enter a name>. In that way you can clone an existing sublist
and give it a name of your choosing. Next you need to modify the filter
criteria to make sure the right alarms are added to this sublist. See
Advanced AWS Operator course.
9. Is it possible to see the alarms of multiple ISAMs at the same time? If yes,
how?
By opening the Alarm Application from the AWS main menu.
By creating a new sublist and modifying the filter (see Advanced AWS
Operator course).
10. Can you see the current alarms of an ISAM that is not supervised?
If you stop supervising your NE, can you still see the alarms you saw before in
the CAL?
When supervision is stopped, the alarms of the relevant ISAM are
removed from the CAL and sent to the HAL (with insertion cause:
invalidation). See Advanced AWS Operator course for more information.

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Review
Questions
11. Switch off the power of your CPE modem. Will the ISAM generate an alarm?
Do you see this event at the AWS? Why (not)?|
No alarm at the AWS is generated because the severity (Minor) doesnt
exceed the threshold (Major and higher).

2007 ALCATEL BELL N.V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

12. Imagine a customer has problems with his ADSL line and calls the helpdesk (=
you) already for the second time. You want to monitor all events on his line.
Other ports cannot be touched. Is this possible (and how)?
On port level you can change the minimum alarm severity for
reporting. In the menu Port Configure you can change the Alarm
Severity threshold. Change it to Minor and you will see the alarm
related to exercise 10. If you want to see a list of only the alarms on that
port, go to port level: Views Show Alarms On selected object.

1. How do you start the CAL window (3 possible answers)?


From the AWS main menu
From the ANEL view: View Show Alarms
From the EML-USM window: View Show Alarms - On
2. When you don't see an alarm in the CAL, does it mean that there is no alarm?
Explain.
No! It depends on the alarm severity assignment template (ASAT) that
is used by the ISAM and if the ISAM is in the supervised state or not.
(And if the sublists in the CAL Summary Window are active or not,
For more information on alarms: see Advanced AWS Operator course.)

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