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PRESSURE VESSELS

Full Radiography

Cracks

Incomplete Penetration:
Root Pass (IP)

Incomplete Penetration:
Due to High/Lo Fit-up or Cross
Penetration (IPD) or (ICP)

Incomplete Fusion:
Root Pass or Surface (IF)

Incomplete Fusion:
Sidewall or Between Beads
(Cold-Lap) (IFD)

PIPELINES

PROCESS PIPING
ASME Sect VIII Div I: (2001 Edition)

Type of Discontinuity

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED
UW-51

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED

UW-51

Table 341.3.2

UW-52

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED
UW-51

NONE ALLOWED
UW-51

Not Specifically Covered

VT

(5.3.2.1)

Maximum of 1/32" and 20% of wall thickness.


Maximum length of 1.5" in 6" of weld. NONE
ALLOWED IN LONGITUDINAL WELDS.
Table 341.3.2

IPD-Maximum individual length of 2". Maximum


aggregate length of 3" in 12" of continuous weld. ICPMax individual length 2". Max aggregate length of 2" in
any 12" of continuous weld.
(9.3.2) and (9.3.3)

NONE ALLOWED

(5.3.2.1)

Maximum of 1" length for individual indication;


Combined total of indications maximum of 1" length in
any continuous 12" of weld, or 8% of the weld length if
less than 12".
(9.3.4)

NONE ALLOWED

(5.3.2.1)

Maximum of 2" length for individual indication;


Combined total of indications maximum of 2" in length
in any continuous 12" of weld, or 8% of the weld length
if less than 12".
(9.3.5)

NONE ALLOWED

(5.3.2.1)

NONE ALLOWED

Table
341.3.2

Table 341.3.2

Not Specifically Covered

(See Elongated or Round Indications Below)


UW-52

(See

Elongated or Round Indications Below)


Table 341.3.2

RT
(see Elongated or Rounded Indications Below)

UW-51

Elongated or Round Indications Below)


Table 341.3.2

Smoothly contoured concavity permitted if equal weld


Internal concavity shall not reduce the total thickness of Internal concavity shall not reduce the total thickness of
reinforcement is provided
For an area exceeding the density of the thinnest base
the joint, including allowable reinforcement, to less than the joint, including allowable reinforcement, to less than
metal, see the criteria for Burn-Through.
UW-35.d
the thickness of the thinner of the components being
the thickness of the thinner of the components being
(9.3.6)
RT
joined.
Table 341.3.2
joined.
Table 341.3.2
(see
Elongated or Rounded Indications Below) UW-51

VT (UW-35)
The weld must be free of ripples, groves, over
The weld must be free of ripples, groves, over
laps, abrupt ridges or valleys. Reduction in the thickness from
laps, abrupt ridges or valleys. Reduction in the thickness
welding shall not exceed 1/32" or 10%t
from welding shall not exceed 1/32" or 10%t
RT (UW-51)
RT (UW-52)
(See Elongated or
Rounded Indications Below)
(See Elongated Indications Below)

Nominal Thickness

Max. Length

< 3/4"

1/4"

3/4" to 2-1/4"

1/3t

NONE ALLOWED

Table

341.3.2

Maximum length of 2/3 t, with 3/4" max. Maximum total


length is t in a length of 6 t with 3/4" maximum. If the
>2-1/4"
3/4"
indications are aligned, the sum of the longest dimensions
Maximum individual length: 1/3 Tw
Max.
of all indications shall not exceed t in a length of 6 t and
width:< 1/3 Tw and 3/32"
Max.
the longest indications are separated by at least 3 L.
cumulative length: < Tw in any 12 Tw of weld length.
Any individual indication
Table 341.3.2
Aligned indications shall not exceed t in a length of 12 t, unless less than 1/4" is acceptable.
(See Note 1)
the distance between successive indications exceeds 6L.
UW-52
UW-51
(See note 4)
(See
note 6)
(See note 4)
(See
note 6)

Max. size of any indication shall be the smaller of 1/4t or 5/32".


Isolated indications separated from adjacent indications by 1" or
more, may be the smaller of 1/3 t or 1/4". For thickness' greater

Porosity or Rounded
than 2" the max. permissible size of isolated indications is 3/8". Rounded indications are not a factor in the acceptability of
Indications:
(P), Aligned indications shall not exceed t in a length of 12 t. Clusters welds not required to be fully radiographed.
shall not exceed the lesser of 1" or 2 t. If more than one cluster,
UW-52
(CP) & (HB)

(See ASME Section VIII, Div. 1:App. 4)

the sum of lengths shall not exceed 1" in a 6" length of weld.
UW-51
(See Note 3)
(See Note 4)

Nominal Thickness

Weld Reinforcement
(VT criteria)

Cat B &C butt


welds

Less than 3/32"


3/32"
3/32" to 3/16"
1/8"
incl.
5/32"
Over 3/16" to 1/2" incl.
3/16"
Over 1/2" to 1"
1/4"
incl.
1/4"
Over 1" to 2" incl.
1/4"
Over 2" to 3" incl.
1/4"
Over
5/16"
3" to 4" incl.
Over 4" to 5" incl.
Over
5"
Nominal Thickness

Misalignment
(VT Criteria)

NONE ALLOWED

PW-

NONE ALLOWED

51

136.4.5

NONE ALLOWED

PW-

NONE ALLOWED

51

136.4.5

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED

PW-51

NONE ALLOWED

136.4.5

NONE ALLOWED

PW-51

136.4.5

NONE ALLOWED

PW51

Maximum dimension shall not exceed 1/4" or the


thinnest of the pipe wall thicknesses being joined. The
(See sum of the maximum dimensions of separate burnNOT SPECIFICALLY COVERED
throughs shall not exceed 1/2" in any continuous 12" of NOT SPECIFICALLY COVERED
weld, or the total weld length, whichever is less. The
(See Elongated or Rounded Indications Below)
(See Elongated or Rounded Indications Below)
density of any portion or it's image shall not exceed
that of the thinnest adjacent base metal.
(9.3.7)

Not Specifically Covered

VT (UW-35)

General Elongated Indications


and/or Slag Inclusions:
(SI) Elongated Slag
Inclusions (ESI) Isolated Slag
Inclusions (ISI)

ASME B31.1 2001 EDITION

NONE ALLOWED

136.4.5

(Same as ASME Section I)


136.4.5

VT

Smoothly contoured concavity permitted if equal


weld reinforcement is provided UW-35.d

Internal Concavity (IC)

Undercut: Root or Cap Pass


(UC)

(See

ASME Section VIII, Div. I: UW-51)

NONE ALLOWED

Table 341.3.2

Not Specifically Covered

(See Elongated or Round Indications Below)


UW-51

NONE ALLOWED

Maximum of 1" length for individual indication;


Combined total of indications maximum of 1" length in
any continuous 12" of weld, or 8% of the weld length if
less than 12"
(9.3.1)

NONE ALLOWED
UW-52

Linear Cracks NOT ALLOWED.


Shallow crater/star cracks < 5/32" long are
acceptable. (9.3.10)

Maximum of 1/32" and 20% of wall thickness.


Maximum length of 1.5" in 6" of weld. NONE
ALLOWED IN LONGITUDINAL WELDS.
Table 341.3.2

NONE ALLOWED

Table 341.3.2

POWER PIPING
ASME SECTION I: 2001EDITION

(5% RADIOGRAPHY)

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED
UW-52

NONE ALLOWED

Burn-Through: (BT)

Table
341.3.2

UW-52

BOILERS

API STD 650: Tenth Edition

1104: 19th Edition

Table 341.3.2

NONE ALLOWED

UW-51

NONE ALLOWED

Table
341.3.2

UW-52

NONE ALLOWED

NORMAL FLUID SERVICES

STORAGE TANKS
API STD

ASME B31.3 1999 EDITION (See Note 7)


SEVERE CYCLIC CONDITIONS
(100% RADIOGRAPHY)

Spot Radiography

<1/2"
to 3/4"
1/2"

Circum. Joint

Other welds
1/32"
1/16"
3/32"
3/32"
1/8"
5/32"
7/32"
1/4"

Nominal Thickness
Less than 3/32"
3/32"
to 3/16" incl.
Over
3/16" to 1/2" incl. Over 1/2"
to 1" incl. Over 1" to 2"
incl.
Over 2" to 3" incl.
Over 3" to 4" incl.
Over 4" to 5" incl.
Over 5"

Cat B &C
butt welds
3/32"
1/8"
5/32"
3/16"
1/4"
1/4"
1/4"
1/4"
5/16"

5/16"

Other welds
1/32"
1/16"
3/32"
3/32"

VT ONLY: Maximum depth of 1/32" and 25% of wall


thickness. NONE ALLOWED IN LONGITUDINAL
WELDS. Table 341.3.2

(See ASME Section VIII, Div. I: UW-51)

VT
Vertical
Butt Joints: 1/64" Maximum. Horizontal Butt Joints:
Total length of internal and external undercut shall not
1/32" Maximum. Attachment Welds: 1/64" Maximum
exceed 2" in 12" of weld. The total accumulative shall
RT
not exceed 1/6" of the weld length. (9.3.11)
(See ASME
Section VIII, Div. 1: UW-51)

Maximum individual length: 2 Tw


Max. width:< 1/2 Tw and 1/8"
Max.
cumulative length: < 4 Tw in any 6" of weld length.
Table 341.3.2
(See note 1)

Max. Width of ESI is 1/16". Max. combined length is ISI


indications shall not exceed 8% of weld length.
FOR PIPE OD < 2.375"
Length
of ESI indications shall not exceed 3 Tw. Combined
length of ISI indication shall not exceed 2 Tw and the
width not to exceed 1/2 Tw. FOR PIPE OD > 2.375"
Length of ESI
indication shall not exceed 2" in any continuous 12" of
weld. Combined length of ISI indication shall not
exceed 1/2" in any continuous 12" weld. Max. width of
ISI is 1/8". Max. of 4 ISI indications with 1/8" width in
any 12" of weld (9.3.8)

For thickness < 1/4" see ASME Section VIII Div 1: UW51 (Appendix 4).
For
thickness > 1/4", all dimensions in Appendix 4 are
multiplied by 1.5 (i.e. Max. size of indication shall be .
375 t or .234".
Table
341.3.2
(See
Note 3)
(See Note 4)

Spherical:
Max. dimension
1/8" or 25% Tw. (9.3.9.2)
Cluster:
Max 1/2" diameter
with max. Individual pore dimension of 1/16". Max.
combined length 1/2" in an 12" of weld. (9.3.9.3)
Hollow Bead:
Max. length is 1/2". Combined length of indications
shall not exceed 2" in any continuous 12" of weld.
Individual indication greater than 1/4" in length shall be
separated by > 2". Max. combined length of indications
< 8% of weld length. (9.3.9.4)

(See ASME Section VIII, Div. 1: UW-51)

Max. Height

Tw

Max. Height

Plate thickness

Max. Reinforcement

1/16"

<1/4"

1/16"

<1/2"

1/16"

1/8"

>1/4" to 1/2"

1/8"

>1/2" to 1"

3/32"

5/32"

>1/2" to 1"

5/32"

>1"

1/8"

Over 1"

3/16"

Over 1"

3/16"

Not Covered

1/8"
5/32"
(See Notes 1 & 2)

7/32"

Note: These parameters are from the RT criteria in


Para. 6.1.3.4. For the general requirements see Para.
5.2.1.5

(See Notes 1 & 2)

1/4"

Nominal
Thickness

Max. Slag Length

< 3/4"

1/4"

3/4" to 2-1/4"

1/3t

>2-1/4"

3/4"

Root concavity not allowed when there is an abrupt


density change.

(Same as ASME Section I)


136.4.5

(Same as ASME Section I)


136.4.5
Aligned indications shall not exceed t in a length of 12 t,
unless the distance between successive indications
exceeds 6L.
PW-51
(See Note 4)
(See Note 6)

Tw

>1/2" to 1"

VT (PW-35)
The
weld must be free of ripples, grooves, overlaps, abrupt
ridges or valleys. Reduction in the thickness from
welding shall not exceed 1/32" or 10% t.
RT
(See Elongated or Rounded
Indications Below)

(See ASME Section VIII, Div. 1: UW-51)

<1/4"
>1/4" to 1/2"

Smoothly contoured concavity permitted if equal weld


reinforcement is provided.
PW-35.1

Max. size of any indication shall be the smaller of 1/4t


or 5/32". Isolated indications separated from adjacent
indications by 1" or more, may be the smaller of 1/3 t or
1/4". For thickness' greater than 2" the max.
permissible size of isolated indications is 3/8". Aligned
indications shall not exceed t in a length of 12 t.
Clusters shall not exceed the lesser of 1" or 2 t. If more
than one cluster, the sum of lengths shall not exceed 1"
in a 6" length of weld.
UW-51
(See Note 3)
(See Note 4)

Nom. Thickness

(Same as ASME Section I)


136.4.5

Maximum Reinforcement, in.


Circum. Joint

Other Welds

<1/8"
3/32"
3/32"
>1/8" to 3/16"
1/8"
3/32"
The greater of (tm + 0.15") or 1.15tm when ordered on
>3/16" to 1/2"
5/32"
3/32"
3/32"
a minimum wall basis.
The
>1/2" to 1"
3/16"
1/8"
greater of (tm + 0.15") or 1.10tnom when ordered on a
>1" to 2"
>2" The greater of
5/32"
nominal wall basis.
127.4.2
to 3"
>3" to
1/4" or 1/8
7/32"
(See Note 9)
4"
>4" to 5" times the width
1/4"
Over 5"
of the weld, in
5/16"
inches

5/16"
Longit. Joint

>1/2" 1/4t
1/4t
>3/4" to 11/4t
1/8
>1-1/2" to 2" 3/16"
1/8
Over 2"
1/8t
1/8
(Note 8)
Lesser of 1/8t or
3/4"
Lesser of
1/16t or 3/8"

Nominal Thickness
<1/2"
>1/2" to 3/4"
>3/4" to 1-1/2"
>1-1/2" to 2"
Over 2"
(Note 8)

Circum. Joint

Longit. Joint

Vert. Misalignment

1/4t
1/4t
The inside diameter of components at ends to be joined The inside diameter of components at ends to be joined
1/4t
1/8
must be aligned within the engineering design and weld must be aligned within the engineering design and weld
3/16"
procedure. If the external surfaces of the two
procedure. If the external surfaces of the two
1/8t
1/8
components are not aligned, the weld shall be tapered components are not aligned, the weld shall be tapered
Lesser of 1/8t
1/8
between the two surfaces.
328.4.3
between the two surfaces.
328.4.3
or 3/4"
Lesser of
1/16t or 3/8"

Maximum of 1/8". Greater offset caused by


dimensional variations shall be equally distributed
around the circumference of the pipe. (7.2)

Horiz. Misalignment

Thickness

Maximum

Thickness

<5/8"
>5/8"

1/16"
Lesser of
10%t or 1/8"

<5/16"
>5/16"

Nominal
Thickness

Maximum <1/2"
>1/2" to
Max 1/16"
3/4"
20% of
upper plate. >3/4" to 1-1/2"
>1Max 1/8"
1/2" to 2"
Over 2"

Circum. Joint

Longit. Joint

1/4t
1/4t
3/16"
1/8t
Lesser of 1/8t
or 3/4"

1/4t
1/8
1/8
1/8
Lesser of 1/16t or
3/8"

1/16"
127.3

(Note 8)

Accumulation of
Discontinuities

General Notes and Other NDE

NOT COVERED

For UT: See code case 2235-2, Appendix 12,


UW-11(a), and UW-51(b)

NOT COVERED

For UT: See code case 2235-2, Appendix 12,


UW-11(a), and UW-51(b)

NOT COVERED

Ultrasonic acceptance criteria is given in Para. 344.6.2

NOT COVERED

Maximum of 2" in any 12" or 8% of weld length


excluding high-lo condition.

The company may reject any weld that appears to


Ultrasonic acceptance criteria is given in Para. 344.6.2
meet theses standards, if in it's opinion, the flaw could
For Category M
be detrimental.
For UT: Acceptance
service this column applies but the coverage is 20% RT.
Criteria - 9.6.1

NOT COVERED

For UT: The acceptance criteria shall be agreed upon


by the purchaser and the manufacturer.
Para 6.3

Note 1:Tw is the nominal wall thickness of the thinner of two components being joined by a butt weld.

Note 6: L - Is the length of the longest indication under consideration.

Note 2: The height of reinforcement or internal protrusion in any plane through the weld shall be within the limits shown.

Note 7: B31.1 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA - Where two limiting values are separated by "and", the lesser of the values determines acceptance. Where the two sets of values are
separated by "or", the larger of the values is acceptable.

Note 3: Reference ASME Section VIII, Division 1 (Appendix 4).

Note 8: Any misalignment within these tolerances shall be faired at a 3:1 taper or re-aligned.

Note 4: t - is the thickness of the weld, excluding reinforcement. For butt welds, joining two members of different thicknesses at the weld, (t) is the thinner of the two thicknesses.

Note 9: (For B31.1) tm = whichever of the following is applicable: 1) as defined in Para. 104.1.2(A) 2)the min. wall thickness of the component or fitting (or the thinner of the two) when
the joint is between two components.

NOT COVERED

For UT: See PW-52


Geometric Unsharpness may not exceed .07".

NOT COVERED

RT:

For UT: See 136.4.6

PRESSURE VESSELS

ASME Sect VIII Div I: (2001 Edition)

Type of Discontinuity
Full Radiography

Cracks

Incomplete Penetration:
Root Pass (IP)

NONE ALLOWED

Spot Radiography

UW-

NONE ALLOWED

Incomplete Fusion:
Root NONE ALLOWED
Pass or Surface (IF)

UW-

NONE ALLOWED

UW
52

UW-51

UW-

NONE ALLOWED

UW
52

NONE ALLOWED

51

Incomplete Fusion:
Sidewall
or Between Beads (Cold-Lap) NONE ALLOWED
(IFD)

UW
52

51

Incomplete Penetration:
Due
to High/Lo Fit-up or Cross
NONE ALLOWED
Penetration (IPD) or (ICP)

UW
52

UW-51

Not Specifically Covered


Burn-Through: (BT)

NONE ALLOWED

51

(See Elongated or Round Indications Below)


UW-51

NONE ALLOWED

UW
52

Not Specifically Covered

(Se

Elongated or Round Indications Below)


UW-52

VT
VT
Internal Concavity (IC)

Smoothly
contoured concavity permitted if equal weld reinforcement is
provided UW-35.d

Smoothly contoured concavity permitted if equal


weld reinforcement is provided
UW-

35.d

RT
(see Elongated or Rounded Indications Below) UW-51

RT
(see Elongated or Rounded Indications
Below) UW-51

VT
VT

Smoothly
contoured concavity permitted if equal weld reinforcement is
provided UW-35.d

Internal Concavity (IC)

Smoothly contoured concavity permitted if equal


weld reinforcement is provided
UW-

35.d

RT

RT

(see Elongated or Rounded Indications Below) UW-51

(see Elongated or Rounded Indications


Below) UW-51

VT (UW-35)
Undercut: Root or Cap Pass
(UC)

General Elongatd Indications


and/or Slag Inclusions: (SI)
Elongated Slag Inclusions (ESI)
Isolated Slag Inclusions (ISI)

Porosity or Rounded Indications:


(P), (CP) & (HB)

The
weld must be free of ripples, groves, over laps, abrupt ridges or
valleys. Reducation in the thickness from welding shall not
exceed 1/32" or 10%t
RT
(UW-51)
(See
Elongated or Rounded Indications Below)

Nominal Thickness

Max. Length

< 3/4"

1/4"

3/4" to 2-1/4"

1/3t

>2-1/4"

3/4"

(VT

The
weld must be free of ripples, groves, over laps,
abrupt ridges or valleys. Reducation in the
thickness from welding shall not exceed 1/32" or
10%t
RT (UW
52)
(See Elongated
Indications Below)

Maximum length of 2/3 t, with 3/4" max. Maximu


total length is t in a length of 6 t with 3/4"
maximum. If the indications are aligned, the sum
of the longest dimensios of all indications shall n
exceed t in a length of 6 t and the longest
indications are seperated by at least 3 L.
Any individual indication less
Aligned indications shall not exceed t in a length of 12 t, unless
than 1/4" is acceptable.
UW
the distance between successive indications exceeds 6L.
52
(See note 4)
UW-51
(See note 6)
(See note 4)
(See note 6)

Max. size of any indication shall be the smaller of 1/4t or 5/32".


Isolated indications seperated from adjacent indications by 1" or
more, may be the smaller of 1/3 t or 1/4". For thickness' greater
Rounded indications are not a factor in the
than 2" the max. permissible size of isolated indications is 3/8".
acceptability of welds not required to be fully
Aligned indications shall not exceed t in a length of 12 t. Clusters
radiographed.
UW-52
shall not exceed the lesser of 1" or 2 t. If more than one cluster,
the sum of lengths shall not exceed 1" in a 6" length of weld.
UW-51 (See Note 3) (See Note 4)

Nominal Thickness

Weld Reinforcemant
criteria)

VT (UW-35)

Less than 3/32" 3/32"


to 3/16" incl.
Over
3/16" to 1/2" incl. Over
1/2" to 1" incl. Over 1" to
2" incl. Over 2" to 3" incl.
Over 3" to 4" incl. Over
4" to 5" incl. Over 5"

Cat B &C
butt welds
3/32"
1/8"
5/32"
3/16"
1/4"
1/4"
1/4"
1/4"
5/16"

Other welds
1/32"
1/16"

Nominal Thickness

Less than 3/32"


3/32" 3/32" to 3/16" incl.
3/32"
Over 3/16" to 1/2"
1/8"
incl. Over 1/2" to 1"
5/32"
incl. Over 1" to 2"
7/32"
1/4" incl. Over 2" to 3"
5/16" incl. Over 3" to 4"
incl. Over 4" to 5"
incl. Over 5"

Misalignment
Criteria)

(VT

Accumulation of Discontinuities

General Notes and Other NDE

ASME Sect VIII Div I: (2001 Edition)


Spot Radiography

E ALLOWED

UW-

UW-

UW-

UW-

UW-

ted or Round Indications Below)


UW-52

Table

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED

PIPELINES
API STD 1104: 19th Edition

(5%

Table

341.3.2

Linear Cracks NOT


ALLOWED. Shallow crater/star
cracks < 5/32" long are
acceptable. (9.3.10)

Maximum of 1/32" and 20% of wall


thickness.
Maximum
Table length of 1.5" in 6" of weld. NONE
ALLOWED IN LONGITUDINAL WELDS.
Table 341.3.2

Maximum of 1" length for individual


indication; Combined total of
indications maximum of 1" length in
any continuous 12" of weld, or 8% of
the weld length if less than 12"
(9.3.1)

Maximum of 1/32" and 20% of wall


thickness.
Maximum
Table length of 1.5" in 6" of weld. NONE
ALLOWED IN LONGITUDINAL WELDS.
Table 341.3.2

IPD-Maximum individual length of 2".


Maximum aggregate length of 3" in 12"
of continuous weld. ICP-Max individual
length 2". Max aggregate length of 2"
in any 12" of continuous weld.
(9.3.2) and (9.3.3)

Table

NONE ALLOWED
341.3.2

Table

341.3.2

NONE ALLOWED
341.3.2

Maximum of 1" length for individual


indication; Combined total of
Table indications maximum of 1" length in
any continuous 12" of weld, or 8% of
the weld length if less than 12".
(9.3.4)

Maximum of 2" length for individual


indication; Combined total of
Table indications maximum of 2" in length in
any continuous 1" of weld, or 8% of
the weld length if less than 12".
(9.3.5)

Maximum dimension shall not exceed


1/4" or the thinnest of the pipe wall
thicknesses being joined. The sum of
the maximum dimensions of separate
(See Not Specifically Covered
(See Not Specifically Covered
(See burn-throughs shall not exceed 1/2" in
any continuous 12" of weld, or the total
Elongated or Round Indications Below)
Elongated or Round Indications Below)
Table 341.3.2
Table 341.3.2 weld length, whichever is less. The
density of any portion or it's image
shall not exceed that of the thinnest
adjacent base metal.
(9.3.7)

hly contoured concavity permitted if equal


einforcement is provided
UW-

RT
(see Elongated or Rounded Indications

UW-51

NORMAL FLUID SERVICES


RADIOGRAPHY)

341.3.2

52

Specifically Covered

NONE ALLOWED

341.3.2

52

E ALLOWED

NONE ALLOWED

341.3.2

52

E ALLOWED

B31.3 1999 EDITION (See Note 7)

341.3.2

52

E ALLOWED

ASME

SEVERE CYCLIC CONDITIONS


(100% RADIOGRAPHY)

52

E ALLOWED

PROCESS PIPING

Internal concavity shall not reduce the


total thickness of the joint, including
allowable reinforcement, to less than the
thickness of the thinner of the
components being joined.
Table
341.3.2

Internal concavity shall not reduce the


total thickness of the joint, including
allowable reinforcement, to less than the
thickness of the thinner of the
components being joined.
Table
341.3.2

For an area exceeding the density of


the thinnest base metal, see the
criteria for Burn-Through.
(9.3.6)

hly contoured concavity permitted if equal


einforcement is provided
UW-

RT
(see Elongated or Rounded Indications

Internal concavity shall not reduce the


total thickness of the joint, including
allowable reinforcement, to less than the
thickness of the thinner of the
components being joined.
Table
341.3.2

Internal concavity shall not reduce the


total thickness of the joint, including
allowable reinforcement, to less than the
thickness of the thinner of the
components being joined.
Table
341.3.2

For an area exceeding the density of


the thinnest base metal, see the
criteria for Burn-Through.
(9.3.6)

UW-51

W-35)
The
ust be free of ripples, groves, over laps,
ridges or valleys. Reducation in the
ss from welding shall not exceed 1/32" or
RT (UW(See Elongated
ons Below)

um length of 2/3 t, with 3/4" max. Maximum


ngth is t in a length of 6 t with 3/4"
um. If the indications are aligned, the sum
ongest dimensios of all indications shall not
d t in a length of 6 t and the longest
ons are seperated by at least 3 L.
Any individual indication less
4" is acceptable.
UW(See note 4)
(See note 6)

ed indications are not a factor in the


ability of welds not required to be fully
aphed.
UW-52

Cat B &C
butt welds
3/32"
1/8"
5/32"
3/16"
1/4"
1/4"
1/4"
1/4"
5/16"

Other welds
1/32"
1/16"
3/32"
3/32"
1/8"

NONE ALLOWED
341.3.2

VT ONLY: Maximum depth of 1/32" and


Table 25% of wall thickness. NONE ALLOWED
IN LONGITUDINAL WELDS. Table
341.3.2

Total length of internal and external


undercut shall not exceed 2" in 12" of
weld. The total accumulative shall not
exceed 1/6" of the weld length.
(9.3.11)

Maximum individual length: 1/3 Tw Max.


width:< 1/3 Tw and 3/32"
Max.
cumulative length: < Tw in any 12 Tw of
weld length.
Table
341.3.2
(See Note
1)

Max. Width of ESI is 1/16". Max.


combined length is ISI indications shall
not exceed 8% of weld length.
FOR PIPE OD < 2.375"
Length of ESI indications shall not
exceed 3 Tw. Combined length of ISI
Maximum individual length: 2 Tw Max.
indication shall not exceed 2 Tw and
width:< 1/2 Tw and 1/8"
Max.
the width not to exceed 1/2 Tw. FOR
cumulative length: < 4 Tw in any 6" of
PIPE OD > 2.375"
Length of
weld length.
Table
ESI indication shall no exceed 2" in
341.3.2
(See note 1)
any condinuous 12" of weld.
Combined length of ISI indication shall
not exceed 1/2" in any continuous 12"
weld. Max. width of ISI is 1/8". Max. of
4 ISI indications with 1/8" width in any
12" of weld (9.3.8)

(See ASME Section VIII, Div. 1:App. 4)

Spherical:
Max. dimension 1/8" or 25% Tw.
(9.3.9.2)
Cluster:
Max 1/2" diameter with maz. Individual
pore dimension of 1/16". Max.
combined length 1/2" in an 12" of
weld. (9.3.9.3)
Hollow Read:
Max. length is 1/2". Combined length
of indications shall not exceed 2" in
any continuous 12" of weld. Individual
indication greater than 1/4" in length
shall be seperated by > 2". Max.
combined length of indications < 8% of
weld length. (9.3.9.4)

For thickness < 1/4" see ASME Section


VIII Div 1: UW-51 (Appendix 4).
For thickness >
1/4", all dimensions in Appendix 4 are
multiplied by 1.5 (i.e. Max. size of
indication shall be .375 t or .234".
Table 341.3.2
(See Note 3)
(See
Note 4)

Tw

Max. Height

Plate
thickness

<1/4"

1/16"

<1/4"

>1/4" to 1/2"

1/8"

>1/4" to 1/2"

>1/2" to 1"

5/32"

Over 1"

3/16"

Not Covered

>1/2" to 1"
Over 1"

5/32"
7/32"
1/4"
5/16"

(See Notes
1 & 2)

(See Notes
1 & 2)

NES

STORAGE TANKS

1104: 19th Edition

STD 650: Tenth Edition

API

near Cracks NOT


ED. Shallow crater/star NONE ALLOWED
(See
ASME Section VIII, Div. I: UW-51)
cks < 5/32" long are
ceptable. (9.3.10)

of 1" length for individual


; Combined total of
s maximum of 1" length in
nuous 12" of weld, or 8% of
ength if less than 12"
(9.3.1)

mum individual length of 2".


aggregate length of 3" in 12"
ous weld. ICP-Max individual
Max aggregate length of 2"
of continuous weld.
d (9.3.3)

of 1" length for individual


; Combined total of
s maximum of 1" length in
nuous 12" of weld, or 8% of
ength if less than 12".
(9.3.4)

of 2" length for individual


; Combined total of
s maximum of 2" in length in
nuous 1" of weld, or 8% of
ength if less than 12".

NONE ALLOWED
(5.3.2.1)

NONE ALLOWED
(5.3.2.1)

NONE ALLOWED
(5.3.2.1)

NONE ALLOWED
(5.3.2.1)

BOILERS

POWER PIPING

ASME SECTION I: 2001EDITION

B31.1 2001 EDITION

NONE ALLOWED
PW-51

NONE ALLOWED
PW-51

NONE ALLOWED
PW-51

NONE ALLOWED
PW-51

NONE ALLOWED
PW-51

dimension shall not exceed


e thinnest of the pipe wall
es being joined. The sum of
mum dimensions of separate
NOT SPECIFICALLY COVERED
ughs shall not exceed 1/2" in NOT SPECIFICALLY COVERED
(See
nuous 12" of weld, or the total
(See Elongated or
Elongated or Rounded Indications
th, whichever is less. The
Rounded Indications Below)
Below)
any portion or it's image
exceed that of the thinnest
base metal.

ea exceeding the density of


st base metal, see the
Burn-Through.

(See ASME Section VIII, Div. I: UW-51)

Smoothly contoured concavity


permitted if equal weld reinforcement
is provided.
PW-35.1

ASME

NONE ALLOWED

136.4.5

NONE ALLOWED

136.4.5

NONE ALLOWED

136.4.5

NONE ALLOWED

136.4.5

NONE ALLOWED

136.4.5

(Same as ASME Section I)


136.4.5

Root concabity not allowed when there is


an abrupt density change.

(See ASME Section VIII, Div. I: UW-51)

Smoothly contoured concavity


permitted if equal weld reinforcement
is provided.
PW-35.1

VT (PW-35)
The weld must be free of ripples,
VT
Vertical
ngth of internal and external
grooves, overlaps, abrupt ridges or
Butt Joints: 1/64" Maximum. Horizontal
shall not exceed 2" in 12" of
valleys. Reduction in the thickness
Butt Joints: 1/32" Maximum. Attachment
e total accumulative shall not
from welding shall not exceed 1/32" or
Welds: 1/64" Maximum RT
ed 1/6" of the weld length.
10% t.
(See ASME Section
(9.3.11)
RT
VIII, Div. 1: UW-51)
(See Elongated or Rounded
Indications Below)

th of ESI is 1/16". Max.


length is ISI indications shall
d 8% of weld length.
E OD < 2.375"
ESI indications shall not
Tw. Combined length of ISI
shall not exceed 2 Tw and
not to exceed 1/2 Tw. FOR
> 2.375"
Length of
ation shall no exceed 2" in
nuous 12" of weld.
d length of ISI indication shall
d 1/2" in any continuous 12"
x. width of ISI is 1/8". Max. of
ations with 1/8" width in any
d (9.3.8)

Nominal
Thickness

Max. Slag Length

< 3/4"

1/4"

3/4" to 2-1/4"

1/3t

>2-1/4"

3/4"

(See ASME Section VIII, Div. 1: UW-51)

Root concabity not allowed when there is


an abrupt density change.

(Same as ASME Section I) 136.4.5

(Same as ASME Section I) 136.4.5


Aligned indications shall not exceed t
in a length of 12 t, unless the distance
between successive indications
exceeds 6L.
PW-51
(See Note 4)
(See Note 6)

al:
dimension 1/8" or 25% Tw.
2)

Max. size of any indication shall be


the smaller of 1/4t or 5/32". Isolated
indications seperated from adjacent
diameter with maz. Individual
indications by 1" or more, may be the
dimension of 1/16". Max.
smaller of 1/3 t or 1/4". For thickness'
ned length 1/2" in an 12" of
greater than 2" the max. permissible
.9.3)
size of isolated indications is 3/8".
(See ASME Section VIII, Div. 1: UW-51)
Read:
Aligned indications shall not exceed t
gth is 1/2". Combined length
in a length of 12 t. Clusters shall not
ations shall not exceed 2" in
exceed the lesser of 1" or 2 t. If more
nuous 12" of weld. Individual
than one cluster, the sum of lengths
n greater than 1/4" in length
shall not exceed 1" in a 6" length of
e seperated by > 2". Max.
weld. UW-51
(See Note 3)
length of indications < 8% of
(See Note 4)
weld length. (9.3.9.4)

Max.
Reinforceme
nt
1/16"
1/8"
5/32"
3/16"

(Same as ASME Section I) 136.4.5