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April 2015

YOUR GLOBAL PARTNER

In this issue:

The flour
market
Grain fortification
Optical sorting
The African Milling School
Loading bulk solids with
explosive characteristics

VIV Asia 2015

Show review

millingandgrain.com
perendale.com

Volume 126

Issue 4

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23-26 APRIL 2015


CNR EXPO / STANBUL

HALL: 1/ STAND: B-9

VOLUME 126

ISSUE 4

COVER PICTURE: Our cover picture this month


is of theDoruk Marmara Un San A flour mill,
in Tekirda, Turkey. At one time the company
belonged to theDoruk Group Holding, one of the
biggest cereal processing groups in the country
which hadtentacles via its12companiesthat
achieved completeverticalintegration - from
seedproductionto bakeries - throughout the industry.
Today, after a break-up due to economics, Doruk has
just farm operations, a bakery chain and a flour mill.

APRIL 2015

Perendale Publishers Ltd


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Cheltenham, Glos, GL50 3PT
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Publisher
Roger Gilbert
Tel: +44 1242 267707
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Editorial
Olivia Holden
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International Editor - Turkey
Professor Dr M. Hikmet
Boyacog
lu
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Design Manager
James Taylor
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Tuti Tan
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Australia Correspondent
Roy Palmer
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International Marketing Team
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Tilly Geoghegan
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Tom Blacker
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North America Office
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Copyright 2015 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All
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reproduced in any form or by any means without
prior permission of the copyright owner. More
information can be found at www.perendale.com
Perendale Publishers Ltd also publish The
International Milling Directory and The Global
Miller news service

Grain & Feed Milling


Technology magazine
was rebranded to Milling
and Grain in 2015

28 Product Focus
The Bhler Eco Dry LEEA is the result of ongoing research and development into the
most efficient solution for drying grain, corn,
canola, rice, sunflowers and other cereals.

REGIONAL FOCUS

Middle East

NEWS
FEATURES
30 The flour market

34 The super women


of maize and wheat
36 Grain fortification
38 Selenium

FACES

94 People news from the


global milling industry

4
6-25

PRODUCT FOCUS

28

CASE STUDY

70

44 BergaFat: a fat powder


with value added

STORAGE

52 Retaining crop
biodiversity - in the face
of a civil war

58 Elevate & convey - The


York M42-200 system

46 Optical sorting

EVENTS

78 Event listings, reviews


and previews

56 Loading bulk solids with


explosive characteristics

62 Sweet Manufacturing
at 60

TRAINING

26 The African Milling


School comes to fruition

COLUMNS

8 Mildred Cookson
12 Dik Wolters
14 Tom Blacker
18 Christophe Pelletier
22 Chris Jackson

2 GUEST EDITOR
Damon Sidles

72 MARKETS
John Buckley

92 INTERVIEW
Dr Lutz Popper

Guest

Editor

A centenarian organisation with


cutting-edge technology
The Annual
Conference & Expo
for the International
Association of
Operative Millers
(IAOM) will be held
in Palm Springs, CA
the week of May
4. As the 2014-15
IAOM President, I
am pleased to have
this great event held in my home district of
the Golden West. IAOM is a 119-year-old
international professional organisation of
grain millers and allied trades representatives
devoted to the advancement of education and
training opportunities in the grain milling
industries. With 16 districts around the world,
IAOM members are able to participate in
international educational and training forums
that provide opportunities for networking, the
exchange of ideas, and the discovery of new
products and services.
The upcoming global conference will feature
a trade show of over 110 exhibitors. Our 12
hours of educational programming is divided
into 5 different areas of interest: Product
Protection, Facility Management, Employee

Management, Technical Operations and


Specialty Milling. In the first year of the
Specialty Milling track, the focus will be
on pulses and oat processing. We are also
introducing a Millers Panel discussion this
year. It is designed to be an interactive and
stimulating session with industry experts as
they discuss challenges, opportunities and
solutions in the milling industry. Topics such
as blower maintenance, pneumatic system
designs, sifter maintenance, roll corrugations
greatefficiency
ideas &will
great
peoplein this
and grinder
be discussed
moderated panel.

connecting

The IAOM standing committees take great


pride in gathering top-notch speakers for
the annual IAOM Conference & Expo. This
years 24 presentations will cover topics such
as traceability, specialty milling processing,
NFPA updates, regulatory issues, bin repair
methods, and various safety-related topics.
All of the committee members work for major
milling companies around the globe. I am
continually impressed by all of the volunteer
work they do for our organisation each year.
This is a must-see venue; I hope you can join
us in Palm Springs!

Damon Sidles, IAOM President

Connect with fellow millers and industry power players for two days of
education, inspiration and conversation.
Presentation topics include:
Gluten-free or Gluten Free-for-All

An Arbitrators 7 Tests for the Workplace


Meet the Milling and Grain team
Revival of the Grist Mill
The team are travelling across the globe to industry events. Come along
to our stand at any
Ag Safety and Rescue Initiative
of the following events, meet the team and pick up a free copy of Milling
andExplosion
GrainHazards
Assessing Dust
The Steel Cut Process A Crucial Step in Oat Milling
Carbon Fiber Reinforcement in the Milling Industry
Preserving Roll Integrity
Wheat Traceability

www.iaom.info/annualmeeting
23-26 April
- IDMA 2015
Fieramilano, Milan
- Italy
Turkey
19 - 23 May 2015
Hall 1 - Stand A-5

Opening time: 10.00 am - 5.00 pm


Entrances: East, South, West Gates
Pre-register on
www.ipack-ima.com

19-23 May - IPACK IMA


2015, Italy
Pavilion 1 - Stand A15

04-08 May 2015 - 119th


IAOM Annual Conference
& Expo, USA
Booth 225

Being part
of innovation.
The future is IPACK-IMA 2015 the most comprehensive, valuable showcase for the food and non-food
supply chain. The global standard-setting exhibition for the Grain Based Food industry and the place to be for
health & personal care, chemicals and industrial goods. An innovative meeting place for the fresh food and
distribution sector.
A great exhibition of the worlds top production.

ISSN No: 2058-5101

Co-located with:

Connected events:

An unparalleled, integrated, synergic collection of technology and innovations for processing, packaging,
converting and logistics, the extraordinary conjunction with the Expo 2015,
a great not-to-miss event.
Be sure to be there.

POWERED BY
FIERA MILANO AND
IPACK-IMA

Promoted by:

With the support of:


This event is being covered
by professional packaging
journalists from IPPO

Organized by:

Ipack-Ima spa - Corso Sempione, 4 - 20154 Milano - Italy


tel +39 023191091 - fax +39 0233619826 - e-mail: ipackima@ipackima.it - www.ipackima.it

UNITED NATIONS
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
ORGANIZATION

09-11 June - FIAAP,


VICTAM & GRAPAS
International, Germany
Stand G014

Annual Subscription Rates


Inside UK: UK100
Outside: US$150/133
More Information
www.millingandgrain.com
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REGIONAL FOCUS

NEWS

MIDDLE EAST
FAO boosts food security efforts
in countries affected by Syria
crisis

GLOBAL STATS

The Syria crisis has put extra pressures on food security in


communities in an outside of Syria.
See the full story on page 23

Middle East on
the rise - iran
leads Middle East
production
Feed production in the Middle East
is again on the rise in Alltechs latest
feed survey, up for the third year in
a row, reaching 25.47 million tonnes
in 2014. This was a one percent rise
over 2013.
See the full story on page 24

MIDDLE EAST STATS

60 Prevalence of chronic
malnutrition among children under
age 5 (stunting) is 60 percent in
Afghanistan (Credit: GAIN)
43 In Yemen, of those who are food
insecure, 43 percent are classified
as severely food insecure (Credit:
GAIN)
0.55 The amount of tonnes of
extra wheat that the Egyptian
government will purchase from
Egyptian farmers. The Government
expects to purchase 4.25 million
tonnes of wheat from local farmers
in 2014/15, compared to 3.7 million
tonnes purchased in 2013/14.
(Credit: FAO)
5. 95% The increase in maize
production in Syria in 2014
compared to 2013, 156,000 tonnes
compared to 80,000 respectively
(Credit: FAO)
4 | Milling and Grain

FEATURE

A Conference for
Middle East Millers

Retaining crop
biodiversity in the
face of a civil war
ICARDA honoured by the Gregor Mendel
Foundation
See the full story on page 52

Milling and Grain is working with VIV


MEA to host the first regional Milling
Conference.It will be held during
theVIVMEA inAbu Dhabifrom
February 16 - 18, 2016. Coming off the
back of a hugely successful VIV Asia, the
international world of suppliers and buyers,
active infood and feed production in the
Middle East and Africa, will come together
at the ADNEC, located near Abu Dhabis
international airport, to review all aspects
of the Feed to Meat Chain; which is the
theme of this new international exhibition.
More information available at:
http://www.vivmea.nl/en/Bezoeker.aspx

News

APR 15

Milling

Satake receives order for flour


milling plant from largest baker
and confectioner in South Korea

n December 2014, Satake received an order for a 160 tonne/day (t/d) hard
wheat flour milling plant from the flour milling company Mildawon Co, Ltd,
a member of South Koreas largest confectionery and bakery conglomerate,
SPC group.
The plant will be completed in December 2015.
The SPC group operates about 3200 stores in South Korea under the brand Paris
Baguette. The group is the largest confectionery and bakery company in South

A blog dedicated
to milling industry
professionals globally

The Global Miller blog is an


online offshoot of Milling
and Grain magazine. While
the monthly magazine covers
milling technology issues
in-depth, the Global Miller
takes a lighter approach.
Our columnists have a keen
eye for the most interesting,
relevant and (lets face
it) bizarre milling stories
from across the world.
Each weekday we scour the
internet for top-notch news
and package it for your
perusal in one neat daily
digest.
Bhler presents
innovations
bit.ly/1aflqm2
Latest news from IPACKIMA 2015
bit.ly/1aflySj
PODCAST: Process
technology in product
reformulation
bit.ly/1Fx7fDN
AFIA recommits 4
Promises to members
bit.ly/1y0hTTr
Global partnership
propels wheat
productivity in China
bit.ly/1DY21St

Korea, having had the highest sales for a consecutive 25 years and holding about
80 percent of the market share. It also has about 180 stores in China, the USA,
Vietnam, Singapore and France.
Satake received orders for a 480 t/d hard wheat flour milling plant (A mill) in
2009 and for a 360 t/d soft wheat flour milling plant (B mill) in 2011. These mills
operate at full capacity.
To expand production capacity, construction of a 160 t/d hard wheat flour
milling plant (C mill) was planned in 2014. Satake received an order for the C
mill in December 2014 as a result of the success of the previous two and also due
to Satakes flour milling technology being highly rated.
The plant will be completed in December 2015. C mill is to be used for both rye
and durum wheat. These materials are used to make rye bread and pasta.
6 | Milling and Grain

GF

MT

gfmt.blogspot.com

A word from our publisher

We welcome a new international editor to Milling and Grain


this month!
Dr M. Hikmet Boyacolu, Professor of Food Engineering at
Okan University in Istanbul joins us as International EditorTurkey.
Professor Boyacolu will guide the editorial direction of our
Turkish edition, writing for the magazine and gathering technical
Roger Gilbert
and other information for publication. He is well-known in our
industry and highly respected. Welcome!
The Turkish edition, which will be published 12 times per year,
will compliment our Spanish and Arabic editions, which are
published six times per year.
In addition I want to draw special attention to our training
feature this month, which highlights the recently launched
African Flour Milling School in Kenya sponsored by Buhler
Hikmet Boyacolu
- and which will make a significant contribution to food safety,
quality and costs of flour and bread production throughout Africa
as graduates from its course and programs return to their mills.
We congratulate the company, and wish the managers and lecturers all the best for
the future. We are very mindful of the risks associated with working in some regions
following recent events. On behalf of all our staff and supporters here at Milling and
Grain, we express our deepest condolences to all those caught up in the massacre
at Garissa University in north-eastern Kenya recently. It is important that we do not
shrink from educating future generations on how achieve food security economically
in those areas that need it most.

28 new rice
varieties released
in 2014

he International Rice Research


Institute (IRRI) and its partners
released at least twenty-eight new
rice varieties to governments of eight
countries in Asia and Africa in 2014.
These newly-released varieties possess
high-yielding and stress-tolerance
traits that can help farmers overcome
challenges, such as the negative effects
of climate change, in their rice growing
ecosystems. Some of the varieties
released are flood-tolerant (India),
drought-tolerant for rainfed rice areas
(Nepal), and salinity-tolerant (the
Gambia and the Philippines).
IRRI has released more than a
thousand modern rice varieties in 78
countries since its founding in 1960.
The work never stops, said Eero
Nissila, IRRIs head of breeding
and leader of its global rice research
partnership in varietal improvement.
New challenges arise due to climate
change and decreasing resources, which
is why we need to keep revisiting our
agenda and stay responsive to the needs
of our farmers and consumers.
Scientists implementing IRRIs
breeding agenda are sharing the latest in

their varietal improvement work during


IRRI Breeders Week, happening now at
IRRI, 23-27 March 2015.
Critical improvements are being made
to IRRIs breeding infrastructure, which
needs to be more responsive to the
requirements of current and future rice
demand.
Responsiveness requires increasing
rice genetic gain in yield and pursuing
an agenda thats driven by what
consumers need and prefer. Taken
together, these improvements are called
Transforming Rice Breeding (TRB),
funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates
Foundation.
At Breeders Week, several updates
were presented, which include
development of profiles of rice
preferred in selected countries in
Southeast Asia and Africa; market
research on types of rice consumers
prefer; updates on the irrigated variety
development pipeline that now benefits
from an expedited breeding process;
breeding hubs in Africa, South Asia,
and Southeast Asia; grain quality and
how it integrates into the development
of high-yielding rice varieties with
desirable traits; managing information
through bioinformatics; genotyping
services; partnerships within the
hybrid rice development program;
and exploration of rices diversity for
breeding.

Milling News

COMPANY
UPDATES

Schenck Process UK, experts in


measuring and process
technologies in industrial weighing,
feeding, measuring, conveying,
filtration and automation,
have recently been awarded
OHSAS 18001 and ISO 14001
accreditations by Lloyds Register
Quality Assurance (LRQA) UK.
OHSAS 18001 is an international
occupational health and safety
management system that requires
Schenck Process to implement and
maintain standards that control
health and safety risks across the
organisation. Our employees are
our most valued asset and we are
strongly committed to their safety
and wellbeing whilst they are at
work. ISO 14001 is a standard
that specifies controls for those
activities that have an effect on the
environment and to ensure active
pollution prevention.

AB Vista has appointed Stacey


Homen Henthorn as Commercial
Manager for North America,
following the companys continued
growth in the region. Ms Henthorn
will work alongside the technical team
and commercial partners to provide
continued support to customers across
the US, and develop new business for
the company.

Silos Cordobas New


Manufacturing Plant at Science
and Technology Park is 95 percent
complete. The project, which began
in April last year, is scheduled for
completion in May 2015. With
its new manufacturing facility,
the companys goal is to become
an European leader, not only in
manufacturing turnkey grain storage
projects, but also in modernity and
quality of its facilities, innovation
and marketing strategies. The
project consists of two buildings.
The main building, designed to
house the manufacturing plant, has a
rectangular floor plan and is topped
with a curved East faade. This area
has a capacity of 10,000 square
meters.

April 2015 | 7

Successful Country Mills no 2


Newington Mill Ramsgate
(From The Miller June 1st 1903)

Milling Journals of the past at the Mills Archive


by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK

s I have always had a


soft spot for windmills,
the second in my series
of Successful Country Mills is
Newington Mill. The mill stood
mile north of St Lawrence
Church Ramsgate in Kent.
Mr Peter Mack of Newington
Mill was said to be a go-ahead
young miller who deserves to succeed. He transformed
his windmill to run on an Armfield system. It was well
known that Messrs J. J. Armfield of Ringwood, Hampshire
seemed to have had the special knack of fitting their
machines into impossible corners, and whole systems into
inconceivably small spaces, as in the case of Newington
Mills. It was not very often that a windmill was converted
this way, and was referred to as a veritable waistcoat
pocket installation.
They introduced a one-sack system, which turned out
clean flour and well finished offals on three octagonal
floors, one measuring just 18ft.6ins across. The flour and
offals were taken off in the basement of the mill and
hoisted straight into wagons or carts.
The first floor (see diagram) contained three double sets
of Armfields 12in. x 6in. rolls. They stood in a line, which
took up 11ft 6ins of the floor, leaving space between

each double set to allow replacement, when the need


arose, with 18in rolls. It was felt once the surrounding
neighbourhood heard and tried his flour; the new rolls
would soon be installed.
There were three breaks and three reductions. The usual
wheat cleaning machinery, including magnets placed in front
of the first break to intercept any small pieces of wire or nails.
On the floor above the rolls was a double scalper operating
upon the chop from the first two breaks, an Armfield purifier
of suitable size and capacity and three centrifugals.
The next floor had a break meal centrifugal and a bran
duster. It was said that the middlings were divided
into two sizes and were being delivered to the rolls in a
regular manner, and in good shape, they were bright in
appearance, and free from light tissue and branny matter, a
fact that any practical miller loves to look upon.
Everything was said to run quietly and efficiently. The
motive power was from a 12 horse power engine, but
interestingly by a very simple arrangement the huge 70ft
sweeps could be coupled up so that either steam or wind
could be used.
Even though the roller plant system was in place the two
pairs of 4ft 6in millstones were still retained on the stone
floor along with a corn crusher and wheat cleaner. The
bin floor contained two bins, one for dirty wheat arriving
and the other for the wheat to be stored once cleaned.

Newington Mill Ramsgate in 1904

Mr Peter Mack

8 | Milling and Grain

Milling News
Newington Mill internal arrangement

The wheat was hoisted up directly from the wagons which


could pull up directly under the chain hoist.
The standard mill reference book for the area in our
library (Coles Finch,1933) quotes from a letter received in
1931 from the miller Mr Peter Mack:

The mill is about 100 years old. The sweeps, which are in
fairly good condition, were last used twenty seven years ago
(1904). I think considerable repair would have to be done
for them to be used again. The shutters, of course, have been
dismantled. We used up to quite recently two pairs of stones,
one set of Derbyshire Peak and the other French Burr. We
now only use one pair (for grinding barley and farmers
corn). The other pair have been removed for an oat crushing,
maize kibbler and grinder combined. We make our own gas
(from anthracite coal) to drive the gas engine, which drives
a small flour plant, the stones and crusher all together. We
also have a bakery adjoining the mill in which we bake
bread. So you see we make our own gas, make our own flour
and produce bread from same. Our trade is a mixed one, of
course, as is the case with similar businesses, consisting of
corn, fodder, flour, bread, which is retailed at our two shops.
Mr Mack added that he had heard that the mill originally
stood on the old SE & CR Station site in the town and
was moved by the railway company to make room for the
line. This is a misunderstanding I think, for the Canterbury
millwrights tell me that the mill was erected on its present
site by John Holman. Prior to Mr Macks ownership, the
mill was in the Mascall family, for whom it was probably
built. Mr Macks assertion that considerable repair would
be needed to the mill is underlined by the sketch made
only six year later by windmill artist Karl Wood, whose
portfolio of 1500 windmill drawings is now cared for by
the Mills Archive.
If you would like to know more please email me at
mills@millsarchive.org

April 2015 | 9

Milling News

Safe feed for safe food in the international market


Dik Wolters, Project Manager, GMP+ International
In an increasing number of
countries, food safety is becoming
a high priority for governments
and food companies. Stakeholders
are realising that the animal feed
business is an important part of the
food chain, and that feed safety
contributes to the safety of animal
products for human consumption.
GMP+ International aims to support feed companies
worldwide with its Feed Certification scheme to control feed
product safety with the latest tools and knowledge.
Food safety, and therefore feed safety, has been an international
issue for over 15 years. The development of GMP+ Feed Safety
Assurance (GMP+ FSA) certification started in the Netherlands
in 1992. Today the scheme has over 13,500 participants in about
70 countries. Its standards are developed based on relevant
practical experience. GMP+ International manages the GMP+
Feed Certification scheme, an independent organisation with
well-balanced multi-stakeholder participation.
In GMP+ Internationals vision, the feed chain is part of the
food chain. Hence its slogan, Feed for Food. The feed chain
must provide safe feed so livestock farming and aquaculture
can produce safe food products of animal origin. Safe feed
can be best provided by a chain approach. Risk-control must
be achieved as early as possible in the chain, where the risks
occur, to avoid dispersion of contaminated feed materials.
This is crucial from a financial as well as an image point of
view. This means every company at each link in the feed
chain should apply a proper feed safety control system in a
demonstrable way. GMP+ FSAs basic requirement is that,
exceptions aside, all companies in the chain must be certified
according to a proper feed safety assurance scheme.
GMP+ Internationals mission is to provide support to
feed companies regarding feed safety control by means of
internationally applicable standards for the whole feed chain.
In this way, it aims to maximise uniformity in international
feed safety control. However, it recognises that in certain
countries and markets, specific demands and conditions may
occur. These are dealt with by GMP+ Country Notes - addons to the international GMP+ FSA standards. Thus, GMP+
International strives for international uniformity as much as
possible, and flexibility at the national level if necessary.

Multi-stakeholders participation

The GMP+ Feed Certification scheme is managed by GMP+


International. This management is based on well-balanced
multi-stakeholder participation. Currently 34 trade associations
and food companies support GMP+ International. They are
national and international trade associations and international
food companies, representing the whole feed chain as well as
the animal production and food processing industries.

Reasons for certification

Certification is becoming more important in a globalising


12 | Milling and Grain

market. It reassures trade partners that suppliers comply with


certain internationally accepted standards and procedures
regarding feed safety control. The first trigger for certification
is mainly market demand: food-processing companies want
to provide safe food products to consumers. It can also
inspire confidence towards competent authorities regarding
compliance with legal obligations concerning feed safety
strategies like HACCP, pre-requisite programs, traceability
and so on. Thirdly, a companys management will want to
comply with international standards for reasons of image and
as tools in the framework of risk management.

GMP+ Feed Safety Assurance standards

The GMP+ FSA module of the GMP+ Feed Certification


scheme provides standards for feed safety control by different
types of companies involved in the feed chain: grain collection,
feed material production, transport, storage and transshipment,
production of additives, pre-mixtures and mixed feeds.

Integrated control tools

Through practical experience of feed safety emergencies,


various tools have been integrated into the GMP+ FSA module
over the last 20 years. Fundamental are HACCP and the ISO
9001 and ISO 22000 requirements for feed safety management
systems (FSMS). Additional prerequisite programs are also
integrated for the various types of companies in the feed
chain. Product standards (maximum permitted levels of
undesirable substances) assure a certain level of feed safety.
All these tools are used to prevent contamination. Corrective
tools are traceability and the early warning system: in
cases of contamination these prevent further distribution of
contaminated feed products.

Participation

The number of participants in GMP+ FSA certification is


growing rapidly. There are now over 13,500 in over 70
countries. The top 5 countries are Germany, the Netherlands,
Poland, the Czech Republic and Italy. Participation in Central
Europe is increasing rapidly. There is a growing interest in
Asia and Latin America.
Participation in the Middle East is still limited to a few
companies in Israel and the UAE. We notice an increasing
interest in feed safety assurance.
Besides the GMP+ Feed Certification scheme, GMP+
International provides additional services like Feed Support
Products. Quality managers can use these services to carry
out risk assessments. One service offers over 200 generic risk
assessments of about 600 feed materials, which can be used in
a company-specific risk assessment or suppliers assessments.
A second service is the GMP+ Monitoring Database, which
companies can use for data storage and analysis, and sharing
results with other companies, like their customers. A third
service is a set of science-based fact sheets of undesirable
substances and processing aids, useful for determining the
severity of a contaminant.

Milling News

Ocrim will celebrate its open


day with wheat, flour and
at IPACK-IMA

015 is an important year for Ocrim, marking 70


years of successful business. The company has
decided to hold its anniversary celebrations both in
its hometown of Cremona and at IPACK-IMA in Milan.
OCRIM intends to share its happiness and satisfaction
with those who have always believed in a company whose
productive approach is based on the Italian-made concept.
Many initiatives and events have been organised: on
March 14 a great event was held in Cremonas main square
in anticipation of that to come at IPACK-IMA on 21 May.
It finished with an amazing evening concert at the beautiful
Ponchielli Theatre, offered by Ocrim to the people of
Cremona.
March 25 the exact date of Ocrims anniversary saw
the grand opening of the exhibition, Industrial Human
Resources in Cremona: Ocrim, Past & Present, held
in the beautiful municipal building of Cremona city.
The Beltrami-Vacchelli Photographic Group spent two
years working on this complex anthropological journey,
documenting what for Ocrim is its trademark: the Italianmade concept. In the afternoon there was a great party at
Ocrim headquarters.
But May 21 at IPACK-IMA will be even more of a
surprise. At 12.30 pm, the Ocrim booth (Hall 3, B35-C34)
will be the site of a jargon-free presentation of the
companys engineering and technological news, told from
an artistic-cultural perspective. The Ocrim team will join
famous faces from show business and the international
culinary scene to welcome all customers and friends to this
unique and unmissable event.
In all this, Ocrim demonstrates its desire to invest
not only in research and development but also in the
communication sector, using the appropriate media to
pass on the news of its work in the technological and
engineering fields.
April 2015 | 13

Milling News

Events and the market place


Tom Blacker, International Milling Directory
The International Milling Directory (IMD) has
enjoyed a lot of growth with new companies and
organizations joining recently. The news is very
positive with regard to our digital presence, but I will
discuss other things with you in this months column!
I welcome these four new companies registering for
the IMD since my last column: Aytab Investments
(Oman), Bilek Tech (Turkey), Centre Storage Systems
Ltd (UK) and World Petroleum Council (USA)
In the coming months, we are visiting trade shows and conferences all over the
world, indeed many of you may be reading this magazine at the IAOM event
in the USA, where will will be distributing hundereds of copies of Milling and
Grain as well as copies of the IMD.

Heading to Turkey for IDMA

IDMA will be a fantastic event for all millers with a real atmosphere already
building. The event will take place from April 23rd to April 26th. There is
great excitement for the amount of Middle Eastern, North and East African
and Central Asian millers who will attend this large and international milling
event for the flour, semolina, rice, corn, bulghur and feed milling machinery
as well as incorporating pulse, pasta and biscuit technologies in an exhibition
and conference sessions. Darren Parris and myself will be exhibiting the
International Milling Directory 2014-15 and will have Media Files for the
2015-16 edition in English and in Turkish. Our exhibition stand is in Hall A,
stand A5. You can find it near to Alapalas large stand if you are attending!

Italy next, for IPACK IMA

IPACK IMA is another exciting event, with great appeal for the European market.
Taking place again at the FieraMilano exhibition complex in central Milan, Italy
from 19th to 23rd May. There will be many great International Milling Directory
members and advertisers present. Ocrim and will be making a large presence
for their machinery, projects and spare parts, along with their sister company
Paglierani. A 70th anniversary event will be taking place on their stand on 21st
May. We are also looking forward especially to meeting: Bhler for their range
of milling and packing equipment, Golfetto Sangati as part of the Pavan group
for their roller milling innovation and Clextral as well for the extrusion for feed
milling. We look forward to welcoming staff from these companies and many
more International Milling Directory members at stand number A15. The stand
will be under our companys name of Perendale.
In addition, I have seen and continue to see great growth in this magazines
Market Place in recent months. It covers all hardware necessary for any mill
with the finest manufacturers in the industry and their contact details and logos.
The double page every issue is great value for money and I can assist in any
enquiries. Please get in touch, my email is tomb@perendale.co.uk and my
office phone number is +44 1242 267703.

Tom Blacker
Directory Coordinator
14 | Milling and Grain

Louis Dreyfus Commodities


Reports 2014 Financial
Results

ouis Dreyfus Commodities B.V.


today reported consolidated net sales
of US$64.7 billion in the fiscal year
ended 31 December 2014, up 2 percent from
US$63.6 billion in 2013, and supported by
a 4 percent growth in shipped volumes. The
company also reported strong consolidated
income before tax of US$837 million, up 10
percent year-on-year, and consolidated Net
Income, Group Share, of US$648 million,
delivering an excellent Return On Equity
(ROE) of 14 percent.
Louis Dreyfus Commodities is in a very
good, well-performing position that enables
us to stay focused on our core expertise of
securing supplies of food in a changing world,
now and in the future, commented Margarita
Louis-Dreyfus, Chairperson of Louis Dreyfus
Holding.
These results prove that our business
model and strategy, combining processing
and logistics operations with merchandising
expertise, is a great recipe for success,
commented Serge Schoen, Executive
Chairman of the Louis Dreyfus Commodities
Holdings Group.
2014 was marked by an abundant supply,
fuelling already high inventory levels for most
of the Groups commodities. This supplyside growth outstripped increase in demand
in many commodities, driving price and
volatility to low levels.
The new increase in our sales volumes to
80 million tonnes shipped to destination, as
well as our investments of close to US$600
million, are a testimony to Louis Dreyfus
Commodities approach as a long-term
partner and investor, and a positive force for
sustainable development in local economies
and communities, wherever we operate, said
Claude Ehlinger, Deputy Chief Executive
Officer and Chief Financial Officer (acting
CEO) of Louis Dreyfus Commodities.
For platforms in the Value Chain segment,
plentiful crops fuelled excellent throughputs
at Louis Dreyfus Commodities industrial and
logistics assets. Platforms in the Merchandising
segment also delivered a solid performance,
relying on their sound market knowledge and
the Groups geographical reach.
Overall, this years investments have been
geared towards a more dynamic, granular
approach, focused primarily on logistics.
The Group also pursued its strategy to
secure constant access to liquidity, with the
refinancing, one year ahead of maturity, of 3
syndicated Revolving Credit Facilities for a
total amount of US$2.1 billion, all at costefficient pricing.

CHS, Dow AgroSciences and Zoetis


executives join National Advisory
Board, for Women in Agribusiness
Summit

n support of its mission to


develop leaders, increase industry
knowledge and inspire action,
the Women in Agribusiness Summit
National Advisory Board today
welcomed three new executives who
exemplify these objectives through
their leadership at their respective
companies.
Gloria Basse, vice president, US
Pork Business at Zoetis; Lani Jordan,
director of corporate communications
for CHS; and Kay Kuenker, vice
president Dow AgroSciences
government affairs, public affairs
and sustainability, will join the
17-member advisory board for twoyear terms.
Board members help determine the
initiatives that Women in Agribusiness
(WIA) will undertake as well as shape
the direction and tone of the annual
Summit. At Zoetis, the leading global

animal health company, Basse has


25-plus years of experience working
to better understand and address realworld challenges faced by those who
raise and care for farm animals.
She is currently responsible for all
operational aspects of managing the
US pork
business as well as leading
innovative strategies for people
development
and growth of the business.
At CHS, the nations leading
farmer-owned cooperative,
Jordan develops the companys
annual corporate communication
strategy, which includes being
chief media spokesperson, leading
crisis communication responses,
speechwriting, producing the
cooperatives annual meeting and
handling investor relations. She joined
the company in 1985.

Milling News
Said Jordan about accepting a
position on the WIA board, After
attending the Women in Agribusiness
Summit the past two years, I was
tremendously impressed not only by
the calibre of the program, but also by
the opportunities to meet the diverse
and talented women who are leading
industry today and will be our leaders
tomorrow. As a director, my goal is
to make more women aware of the
great networking and development
opportunities accessible through this
program.
Kuenker comes to the Women
in Agribusiness Advisory Board
with nearly 29 years with the Dow
Chemical Company, the majority of
her career with Dow AgroSciences.
She has held positions of vice
president of Dow AgroSciences
Europe Middle East and Africa
business, vice president of new
business development, Canadian
regional commercial unit leader, and
more.
She currently serves on several
boards including BioCrossroads,
AgriNovus Indiana, and Indiana
Biosciences Research Institute
(IBRI).

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for the animal feed industry
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April 2015 | 15

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ness

Milling News

The Pelletier Column

Leading towards a collaborative future

by Christophe Pelletier
Not only the world population
is growing but, as economic
prosperity increases in more and
more countries, so does the share
of animal protein in the overall
food consumption.
For a large part, feeding the
iconic number of nine billion
people by 2050 will be about
feeding the farm animals required to meet future demand
for animal products.
When supply and demand shows a strong imbalance
between two adjacent links of the value chain, business
always feels quite unfair for at least one of them.
Money actually enters a value chain only from the
consumer end, and that money needs to be distributed
among all the links. When agricultural markets are
turbulent, being caught between the rock and the hard
place is not the most comfortable.
The animal feed industry knows the feeling well. In most
cases, the pain is more of a result of a lack of preparedness
to adapt timely than because of just price variations.
Success in feeding a growing population will depend
mostly on the ability to foresee and to anticipate future
demand, both from a quantitative and qualitative point
of view. It is a collective exercise that requires the
participation of all the stakeholders. What seems a rock
and a hard place is also a bridge between vegetal and
animal productions. It puts the feed industry in an ideal
position to play a leading role in shaping efficient value
chains.
In terms of degrees of separation, the feed industry is the
one closest with the highest numbers of links. Towards the
consumer end of the chain, it has relatively easy access to
knowledge on market trends.
From the crop production end of the chain, the industry
follows agricultural commodities markets closely. By
bringing together knowledge from both the consumer end
and the crop production side -and thus helping the other
links to produce and supply the corresponding volumes
and quality that markets want- a lot of optimization all
through the chain is possible.
Lets face it, leading and organizing such an ongoing
optimisation and planning is no small task.
The information and the knowledge are available in many
formats and in many places, though. The rise of innovation
and of new technologies that allow the collection,
monitoring and processing of quantity of data never
seen before will be of great help to make markets more
transparent.
Optimising through long-term planning has many benefits.
One is to help coordinate forecasts and plans for both
vegetal and animal productions.
18 | Milling and Grain

Thus, it reduces the chances of heavy shortages or


surpluses that result in a succession of enthusiastic booms
and brutal slowdowns, while consumption shows a steady
increase. Another benefit is to help create greater value for
all the partners in the chain, as it helps balance supply and
demand more effectively.
This works towards a better sharing of value, reduces
uncertainty and allows farmers and businesses to plan
better on the long-term to keep up with demand.
Most of the talk about how much food to produce by 2050
tends to revolve around the 70 percent more than in 2010
indicated by the FAO.
This is not enough.
Not all food groups will see the same demand increase. For
instance, an average chicken consumption increase of 10kg
per Chinese represents a need for an additional production
volume equivalent to the current US chicken production.
Demand for animal protein, produced on land and in the
sea, will be significantly above average. Within that group,
there will be differences, too. In particular, poultry and
aquaculture will lead consumption growth.
Demand for grain will keep shifting from human
consumption to animal feed.
Demand for legumes as well as oilseeds will probably
be more challenging to meet than for grains. The feed
industry will also have to keep exploring alternative raw
materials. Crop production conditions are also expected to
change and so are production areas.
Water availability and climate change is already redrawing
the worlds agriculture map. Futures scenarios will have to
give a local breakdown of global objectives in particular
because of different consumption patterns between regions.
As market differentiation will increase in the future, the
scenarios must not be limited to volumes only. They also
must take into account future demands about quality
criteria of food and agricultural products. They will have
to include food safety, health benefits and environmental
impact aspects as well.
Agricultural commodity markets are likely to further
evolve towards pricing that will include nutritional
characteristics. As market requirements evolve, food
consumption and production conditions change, the
scenarios will have to include infrastructure as well as
organizational and logistical changes that will come along
to produce and to supply the growing population efficiently
and sustainably.

Christophe Pelletier is a food and agriculture strategist


and futurist from Canada. He works internationally. He
has published two books on feeding the worlds growing
population. His blog is called The Food Futurist.

Milling News

Business abroad
by Chris Jackson, Export Manager UK TAG
Milling, and especially feed for livestock, plays a critical role in sustaining a safe and secure feed supply
using the diminishing land space to feed an increasing
population.
And the UK industry, where I work, has a lot to offer
the world - a fact often overlooked by nations seeking
to improve their agricultural outputs.
My organisation, UK TAG, was founded to help all
agritec companies get their message into the world
marketplace, sharing our expertise with a wider audience. We have extensive
knowledge of the needs of the agricultural world and help companies promote
themselves in the markets best suited to them.
Having just returned from a scoping visit to Assam in North East India, where
demand is high, we are now working on a strategy to help companies develop
this market. This was followed in March with the support of UKTI, the British
Embassy in Thailand, BPEX and EBLEX by arranging a British Pavilion at VIV
Asia, where more than 40 UK companies exhibited.
To enhance the UK companies and to re-launch British beef and lamb into the
Thai market we arranged two networking events a dinner at Plaza Athene Hotel
and a networking reception at the Pavilion. We were honoured by the presence of
the Thai Vice Minister, Dr Apichart Pongsrihadulchai, along with senior Government officials and Thai company chairman. From the UK side we were led
by our Ambassador Mark Kent accompanied by his commercial team headed by
Director of Trade Marcus Whinsley. From the UKTI London Rob Lalley, Head of
International Trade, Luis Mullet UKTI Agritec specialist, along with UKTI Trade
Directors and Managers from the region and from our industries John Cross
Chairman of EBLEX and Guy Kiddy Chairman of BPA
This bi-annual event is one of the most influential in the region and arguably in
the world.
Because of its preeminent role and location we are able to enlist the help of the
British Embassies and High Commissions in the region who identify visitors
from their counties interested in the UK companies products and services on
show.
This years event attracted over 700 exhibiters and more than 38,000 visitors. I
am pleased to support VIV Asia event as it is not open to the public and the vast
majority of visitors are professional decision-makers coming from every Asian
country - China, India, Africa and Russia as such it and is one of the few exhibitions that reaches out to the world.
In addition, the organisers run high-class technical seminars at which we had UK
experts speaking.
This year we had companies represented in all of the halls ranging from Aquaculture, Animal Health, Animal Feed, Housing Equipment and Genetics pigs, dairy
and goats. All of the companies were busy throughout the three days and reported
good meetings, which they hope to turn into successful business as they follow
up.
We had a successful British Pavilion at VIV Asia, which was very busy throughout the show, and hosted a reception at the Pavilion which was well attended by
invited guests, all of which was made possible by financial help from BPEX and
the British Embassy.
We are looking forward to taking more companies to our next events China
Animal Husbandry Exhibition, World Pork Expo, (USA) Livestock Philippines,
Indo Livestock (Indonesia). To keep up-to-date you can follow us on twitter @
agrictecexports
22 | Milling and Grain

BCPC launches
new Biotech
Crops Info
service

ith growing concerns about


food security and the need
to feed an expanding world
population, the use of crops with
novel traits has massive potential. This
relatively new and complex science is
developing rapidly across the world
and it is important that there is an
impartial, reliable and current data
source.
To help meet this need, BCPC has
launched a new service, Biotech Crops
Info, available free of charge until endMay 2015. As well as conventional
genetic modification technology, there
are other ways that novel traits are
being introduced into crops, such as
genome editing, gene suppression and
other advanced breeding techniques,
explains Martin Lainsbury, editor of the
Biotech Crops Manual.
The Manual has been developed
to include all of these. Rapid growth
in this sector means that an online
service is the best way to provide
comprehensive and up-to-date
information on globally available GM
products, novel traits and genome
editing.
Targeted at anyone involved
or interested in plant breeding,
crop production, agronomy and
biotechnology, Biotech Crops Info is
free of charge until end-May 2015 after
which it will be available for an annual
subscription of 195 + VAT.
Like BCPCs authoritative Pesticide
Manual and Manual of Biocontrol
Agents, the Biotech Crops Manual
provides an in-depth search facility.
Users can select by crop, country,
trait, product, producer, gene and
event code. Most importantly, they
can find out the global approvals,
where the event can be grown and
the uses it is approved for. Users can
search the database and select a crop
variety that not only combats the pests
and diseases they wish to avoid, but
also that is approved for their intended
market, such as food or just feed use,
advises Mr Lainsbury.
For immediate access to Biotech
Crops Info visit bcpcdata.com/btc.

Milling News

FAO boosts food security efforts in


countries affected by Syria crisis

he Syria crisis has put extra pressures on food


security in communities in and outside of Syria,
as millions have fled their homes, many settling in
neighbouring countries.
FAO is scaling up its support to Jordan and other
countries in the region affected by the humanitarian
crisis in Syria that has entered its fifth year.
In the presence of Jordans agricultural minister, Akef
Alzoubi, FAO Director-General Jos Graziano da Silva
initiated three projects to improve food security and
nutrition by making better data available to decisionmakers and preventing the spread of animal diseases
across borders.
Thanks to a $1.6 million grant from USAIDs Food
For Peace (FFP) program, FAO will provide technical
assistance to government institutions and other partners
in Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq to establish an
inclusive food security information network that will
enhance the understanding and analysis of food security
issues in the region, da Silva said during a visit to
Jordan.
According to the UN, around 3.9 million people have
fled Syria, the vast majority becoming refugees in
neighbouring countries.

Better data for strategic action

By improving analysis and data sharing between UN


agencies, NGOs and governments on food security, the
new information network will allow better-informed
interventions for vulnerable populations and ensure that

the limited resources are applied where they are needed


most.
Resources for responding to the Syria crisis are limited
in relation to the needs, so its crucial for UN agencies
and partners to strategically target their assistance, taking
into account the severity, scale and underlying causes
of vulnerability, said FAOs Representative in Jordan
Nasredin Hag Elamin.
Having timely food security information is essential
to guide this effort and will help relief and resilience
agencies make sound decisions on the types of actions
needed to support the affected Syrian population and
neighbouring countries that host refugees, he added.
Complementing this larger effort is a half-million-dollar
project funded through FAOs Technical Cooperation
Program (TCP) to help national institutions in Jordan,
Lebanon and Iraq better respond to food security
concerns and strengthen communities resilience to
shocks. The FAO Director-General and the government
of Jordan signed an agreement that aims to improve
availability and sharing of livelihood data and increase
the capacities of partner countries for early warning
about threats to food security.
Syria, Lebanon and Iraq were facing significant
challenges in the fight against hunger and malnutrition
even prior to the crisis in Syria. The on-going conflict
has raised additional challenges for these neighbouring
countries to reach important Millennium Development
Goals related to nutrition, food security, access to water
and sanitation, as well as child and maternal mortality.

New BIOMIN website now available in Lithuanian

IOMIN has now launched a Lithuanian version of


the new corporate website www.biomin.net.
In an age of increased user mobility, the new
BIOMIN website presents a fresh look with ease of navigation
on all technology platformsdesktop and laptop computers,
and mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones.
Among many new developments, the site features a

stronger species-focus to help users as well as a new and


improved search feature.
The new site is now available in English, Chinese,
Spanish, German (for Germany), French, Japanese, Czech,
Polish and Lithuanian. The adaptation of the new website
design to other language and country versions will follow
in stages.
April 2015 | 23

The industrys most


authoritative resource
on feed production

MIDDLE EAST ON THE RISE - IRAN LEADS MIDDLE EAST PRODUCTION

eed production in the Middle East is again on the


rise in Alltechs latest feed survey, up for the third
year in a row, reaching 25.47 million tonnes in
2014. This was a one percent rise over 2013.
The region is characterised by feedmills which are on
average larger than those seen in other parts of the world
and while the prevailing move in other regions is to locate
feedmills near farms, in the Middle East feedmills tend to at
or close to ports.
Iran is the biggest player in the Middle East market
with feed production in 2014 totalling 11.80 million
tonnes
Saudi Arabia and Israel are listed as number two and
three in terms of importance with 4.96 million tonnes
and 3.50 million tonnes respectively
Poultry feed production is the largest species in the
Middle East totalling 17.55 million tonnes with broiler

Want more industry news?


Get daily news updates on
the Global Miller blog
gfmt.blogspot.com

24 | Milling and Grain

accounting for 59 percent and layers at 38.50 percent


Ruminant is the second largest species at
approximately seven million tonnes
Pig feed is not produced in any significant volume,
reflecting the religious limitations on consumption of
pork in the regions
On average 60 percent of the feed produced is in
pelleted form, which is a higher percentage than for
any of the other regions of the world. This confirms a
similar finding in the 2013 survey
Middle East Countries by total feed produced
Country

Feed Production
Total 2014

Feed Production
Total 2013

% difference

Iran

11.80

11.70

0.10

Saudi Arabia

4.96

4.63

0.33

Israel

3.50

3.50

0.00

Jordan

1.17

1.30

-0.13

Iraq

0.75

0.75

0.00
0.16

Oman

0.62

0.46

Yemen

0.60

NA

NA

Lebanon

0.60

0.60

0.00
0.00

Libya

1.06

1.06

Kuwait

0.27

0.23

0.04

Bahrain

0.13

0.15

-0.02

ME Total

25.47

24.38

1.09

In the survey, layer feed prices averaged US$485.50 per


tonne, while broiler feed is US$573.00 per tonne.
This indicates that the Middle East is the most expensive
region on a feed-per-tonne basis and means the overall
value of the feed industry based on sales of feed is over
US$13 billion.

Global Aquaculture

Alltechs 2014 feed survey also attempted to estimate the


average prices for feed.

The total aquaculture feed produced in 2014 was


marginally up on 2013, totalling 41 million tonnes, an
increase of 1.45 percent
Aquafeed production makes up four percent of the total
livestock feed production globally
Asia Pacific produced 27.049 million metric tonnes of
aquafeed, which makes it the regional leader for aqua
in 2014
The total aquafeed tonnage produced in the Middle
East was 0.68 million tonnes with Iran being the largest
producer at 0.5 million tonnes

isit the GRAPAS International Exhibition at


the Cologne Exhibition Halls from June 9-11,
2015 and wrap up your visit by attending the
one-day Global Milling with GRAPAS Conference on
Thursday, June 11 at the show grounds, organised by
Milling and Grain magazine, with support from Victam
International.
Comprising of three two-hour sessions:
Session 1- 10:00-12:00
Food Safety/Quality Control / Training - The benefits
from qualified staff / Regulations / Heat treatments
Session 2 - 13:00-15:00
Nutrition/Milling Technology / Flour Fortification
- Millers fighting malnutrition / Fibre, Protein and
Gluten-Free - Challenges for human consumption /
Dealing with customer complaints
Session 3 - 15:00-17:00
Markets/Storage/Handling / Harvest Report - Soft
and hard wheat supply from the USA / The Roller Mill
Revolution / Milling 24/7 - A Millers Experience

Register at: bit.ly/1FFuI5M


April 2015 | 25

Mill

Training

by Roger Gilbert, Milling and Grain


Sponsored and funded by Bhler, the new African Milling
School was commissioned in March 2015 and took in its first
batch of 27 African apprentices.
The school is the brainchild of Martin Schlauri, who for
the past 15 years has been Bhlers Milling Business Unit
Manager. Martin has moved from Uzwil in Switzerland to
Nairobi, Kenya, where he now heads up the African Milling
School.

The African Milling


School comes to fruition
The school is part of Bhlers Middle-East and Africa
organization and is located adjacent to the East Africa offices and
Service Center.

Professional training for African millers

The new school offers comprehensive and intensive training


in the milling industry with a focus on theoretical and practical
training through apprenticeships.
The target is to offer professional training for the next generation
of millers and to expand on the knowledge base of experienced
African millers. It is also to ensure that millers come to understand
the new technology and equipment now being used in processing
grain into high value finished products.
The African Milling School is located in Nairobi, Kenya, and
situated just 25 minutes from Nairobis international airport.
Africa is a great continent, almost one billion people with a
growing demand for grain-based food due to both population
growth and the movement of people to the cities. More people
are moving into cities who cant go back to their homes and grow
their own food. These are the two key drivers and as a result we
are seeing growth in the demand for flour and milled products. he

26 | Milling and Grain

says. Local family companies that are well developed mostly own
milling companies in the milling sector.
These people have the will to develop, they have the market and
they are entrepreneurs, but they do not have the skills. Running an
operation efficiently is always an issue. Africa has good people,
it has educated people, its just that the skill for the miller is
missing, he told Milling and Grain when we visited Bhlers head
office in Switzerland at the end of the summer.
So this is where we said that if we, as Bhler, can contribute to
the development of the milling industry in Africa, to the wealth of
Africa and Africans and to educate and give them the skills to run
milling plants, we aim to train 24 next year and 48 the following
year so that they then pass on their knowledge in a sustainable way.

The concept of the Milling School

We looked at different concepts such as working with


Universities. It was at the time we were developing our new
location in Kenya and we said, Now we have a completely new
location and an office and service centre, why not have the African
Milling School on the same location? We have an infrastructure
there.
The early aim was to set up a pilot school for 20-25 production
managers. However, we decided to look at training millers, not
just production managers. We really need to train millers, as these
are the people who touch the machines, who set the rolls and who
work with all the equipment through to the sifters. Thats the
concept we have implemented.
Twenty-seven apprentices will attend three four-week live-in
courses per year over a two-year period. The first course took place
in February-March 2015 and was booked up when Milling and
Grain visited.
Apprentices who successfully complete the two-year course and
pass appropriate exams will graduate as millers, a qualification
equivalent to a European miller in Germany, Switzerland or
Austria. Mr Schlauri says participants in Europe take three years to
complete the same course as many of the students start at just 16 or
17 years of age.

In Africa our apprentices will be 20-years old or older, they


will be more educated and more mature and we can focus just on
the milling topics. Between courses the school will build up its
teaching resources, its infrastructure and milling expertise. Its
hard to find the type of miller to teach who wants to communicate
and give his knowledge to others. All milling schools around the
world struggle with this fact.
The school is open to Africans focusing on English speaking
countries and its location in Kenya makes it ideal to service the
whole of Africas milling industries. By sending apprentices to
Africa rather than to Europe or the USA, companies can save about
three-quarters of the cost associated with training. The fees have
been set for 2015 at US$4800 per student per year. It would cost at
least four times as much to send them to Europe, and thats why [an
African school] really makes sense for an African miller.

Three key factors underline success

There are three convincing arguments that support the schools


establishment in Africa, which represents almost one billion of the
worlds population and is likely to see a faster rate of population
growth than anywhere else on the planet in the coming years:
1. Raw Materials - The biggest impact will be on the use and
return from raw materials. Good millers save money by
meeting target moisture levels, yield targets and achieving
improved grain cleaning, etc.
2. Maintenance There are significant costs associated with
running equipment especially if the plant is not properly
maintained. Re-fluting, or re-corrugating rolls is one area. If
you have a trained miller he will be able to tell you.
3. Setting up the mill Ultimately, it is the whole mill set-up that
needs attention and can save significantly on energy and other
inputs and resources.
If the concept of the Milling School is successful in Africa,
Bhler will consider other regions for future schools. It is obviously
too early to say, but there are large areas in South East Asia that
have no training facilities to hand. And there has already been
interest for a similar project in Latin America. However, countries
such as India and China are being well catered-for.
Mr Schlauri was quick to point out that this is not a marketing
strategy but an industry service that Bhler is providing. The
millers in this region are just ready for a school, he says.
Over the next couple of years the school might expand rapidly,
given that its already filled for the first year and the facility is not
yet completely finished.
Its good to have higher demand and 24 is a good number. We
will keep to that. We want to use this facility to offer training to
different sectors, from wheat millers to maize and feed millers and
in pelleting. With wheat, corn (maize) and feed milling, this region
is one of the most diverse markets and its a region that offers a
wider range of opportunities, he says.
The task Im undertaking is not just about the administration of
the school, as well being a teacher in technology and quality control.
After 15 years as head of grain milling Im very passionate about
this move. I started my career in Africa and I have a lot of contacts in
the region. This is just a step sideways for me and I will be keeping
my contacts with many millers in this region and this is the region I
know best and I will enjoy finishing my career here.
The setting up of a school in Africa for millers has been his
concept:
Ive promoted it and encouraged Bhler to sponsor it. Now I
want to get it running. Besides, when you have had a very rich
milling life, this is a way of saying thank you and giving something
back, he adds as a final remark.

In next months edition


Darren Parris from the Milling
and Grain team has been
to Nairobi to visit the African
Milling School.
See his full report from Kenya
in the May edition of Milling
and Grain
April 2015 | 27

Lambton grain silos


Lambton offer a complete line of commercial grain silos
up to 19,288 metric ton as well as support systems and
handling equipment up to 1,200 MTPH.

PRODUCT FOCUS

A complete layout and flow design in 2D and 3D imaging


is used as a guide for each project.

APRIL 2015
In every edition of Milling and Grain,
we take a look at the products that will
be saving you time and money in the
milling process.

Interfaces with PLCs and other customer controls

Lambton projects feature:


All galvanized construction
Standard sizes range from 6 to 14 in diameter
Electric controller options combines state of the art
touch screen technology and a durable DC drive
control to offer outstanding performance. This process
is continuously monitored by the onboard CPU to ensure
accurate positioning at all time.

www.lambtonconveyor.com

Bhler Eco Dry LEEA


The Bhler Eco Dry LEEA is the result of on-going research
and development into the most efficient solution for drying
grain, corn, canola, rice, sunflowers and other cereals.
Designed for the installation in reception and storage
plants, as well as in plants for the grain trade, the Eco Dry
LEEA provides low energy consumption with recirculation
of non-saturated exhaust air and pre-heated, nonsaturated cooling air.

AS SEEN AT GEAPS EXCHANGE


Bhler were on hand at booth
#1021 at the 2015 Exchange,
to answer customer questions
about this product

The size of the cooling zone is adjustable alowing it to


be adapted to the nature of the raw goods and drying
process.
The thermal load on the product is cut in half with gentle
and uniform drying: relocating moister from grains in the
middle of the product flow to the outside. It also features a
diagonal roof arrangement that continually changes the
air flow direction. The conical shape of the ducts allow for
higher capacity columns and uniform air distribution inside
the dryer. The shape also prevents unintentional product
discharge via the ducts.

IN OUR NEXT ISSUE


See our special extended
Product Focus edition.

XTREME duty buckets


Over 40 years ago, Tapco Inc made history by introducing
the first nonmetallic elevator bucket (CC-HD Heavy-Duty).
As elevator operators demanded more throughput and
extended life, Tapco responded with the XTREME DUTY (CCXD) bucket.
XTREME DUTY buckets are injection molded with 35-50% more
resin, and not just at critical wear points. Identifying marks are
the reinforced 5/8 thick front lip and distinctive breaks on
the bottom of the bucket that provide an ideal commodity
trajectory. XTREME DUTY buckets are available in up to 29
sizes ranging up to 20 x 10. The 20 x 10 buckets carry
1,056.6 Cu. In. of actual capacity and claim speeds up to
30% faster than the competition (up to 940 fpm).
Polyethylene (for free flowing product applications) and
Urethane (for extreme abrasion resistance) are made with
FDA-compliant resins. FDA-compliant Nylon (for rough and
abrasive applications) resin
is also available by special
request.

www.buhlergroup.com
28 | Milling and Grain

www.tapcoinc.com

FOCUS

SPECIAL FOCUS

Dinnissen Process Technology specialises in the development


and production of process technologies and equipment for the
feed and Petfood industry. Dinnissen is now offering a new
and extremely wide range of hammer mills that provide an
effective solution for any challenge when it comes to grinding
and screening even the most difficult ingredients. The new
hammer mills, are characterised by a broad range of capacities
and product output particle size as well as flexibility and
special add-on functionalities, making them real multitasking
'monsters'.

Enormous range of screening panels,


perforations, and functionalities

Hammermills are particularly suited for grinding soft


to medium-hard products such as grains, herbs, spices,
protein-rich ingredients, nutrients, premixes, and minerals.
Dinnissens new range of multitasking hammer mills enables
the user to screen output particles ranging in size from 3 mm
down to 150 microns. Single hammers or double hammers are
used depending upon the specific ingredients to be grinded
down. A crucial feature of the new product range is the
enormous range of screening panels, surfaces and perforations
available, as these features determine the capacity, quality and
effectiveness of the screening process and make it possible
for Dinnissen to offer its clients an effective solution for
practically any grinding and/or screening challenge. Two
rather striking members of the new product range are the
small Easy-to-Clean Dinnox Mill and the Dinnissen D-Topline
Hamer Hammer mill with automatic screen changer.
From the small Easy-to-Clean Dinnox Mill
The Easy-to-Clean Dinnox Mill is a very compact hammer
mill with a minimum capacity of 30 kg per hour. The small
Easy-to-Clean Dinnox Mill is fitted with exchangeable
grinding rotors, providing it with a variety of breaking,
cutting, and grinding functionalities, as well as exchangeable
screening panels and adjustable RPMs. This allows the user to

Dinnissen range of hammer mills


easily and quickly switch between an almost endless variety
of grinding and screening applications, depending upon the
specific ingredients process and the desired end result. In spite
of its very compact design, the new Easy-to-Clean Dinnox
Mill is also fitted with completely detachable grinding rotors
and extra-large inspection hatches, making it easy to access
all the components, including the screening panels, and to
clean everything quickly and thoroughly. The Easy-to-Clean
Dinnox Mill is available in stainless steel 304, RVS 316L,
and polished or electrolytically polished RVS. It can also be

fitted with an automatic cleaning system based on compressed


air, CIP, or hot steam/air for extra hygienic applications, and
complies with all EHEDG requirements.
To the D-Topline Hamex Hammer mill with automatic screen
changer The new D-Topline Hamex Hammer mill with
automatic screen changer can handle grinding capacities of
up to 45,000 kg per hour, and the screen changer has space
for 4 to 6 different sets of screening panels. The mechatronic
screen changing system automatically selects and places the
appropriate set of screening panels in the hammer mill. After
the production process has been completed, it also removes
and stores the screening panels in less than 40 seconds. This
makes it possible to change screens extremely quickly and
greatly reduces downtime. The D-Topline Hamex Hammer mill
features a new and ingenious design, which greatly increases
the surface area of the grinding and screening panels inside the
hammer mill, which in turn provides, increased grinding and
ringing capacity. The screen storage facility is also fitted with
an extra-wide chamber that can be automatically opened. This
makes it easier to carry out maintenance and remove damaged
screens if necessary, thereby minimising downtime. The new
hammer mill has a maximum speed of 1500 RPM, giving it a
longer usable lifetime and in lower energy consumption than its
predecessors.

www.dinnissen.nl
April 2015 | 29

F
L
O
U
R

THE FLOUR MARKET


The flour market in terms
of revenue and volume is
expected to reach USD 245.82
billion and 183,100.0 kilo ton
respectively in 2020

ncreasing demand for bread and bakery products


and convenience staple food is the major factor
driving the flour market globally. With the rise
in per capita income and increasing awareness
towards convenience food staples, demand for
bread and bakery products has increased in recent
years. Rising consumer awareness towards low
protein gluten free food items is positively driving
the consumption of non-wheat flours (rye, corn
and rice) in the form of gluten free food items. Expansion of
the aquatic feed industry in Asia Pacific has increased the flour
consumption in the form of animal feed. These factors are
considered to positively drive the growth of flour market during
the forecast period from 2014 to 2020.
The global flour market, by application is divided into six
application segments: noodles and pasta, bread and bakery
products, wafers, crackers and biscuits, animal feed (including pet
food), non food application (including bio plastics, biomaterials,
and glue), and others (including roux and baby food). Both by
revenue and volume, bread and bakery products were the largest
contributor in global flour market in 2013, accounting for a
market share of 38.73 percent and 35.61 percent respectively.
Generally, wheat flour is being used as principal ingredient for
bread and bakery products. With the rise of per capita income and

30 | Milling and Grain

increasing awareness towards convenience food staples, demand


for bread and bakery products has increased in recent years.
Growth in consumption of bread and bakery products is triggered
by factors such as increase in penetration of fast food industry
in Asia Pacific and rising demand for convenience food due to
lifestyle up gradation.
The global flour market has been segmented into four broad
regions: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and RoW. By
volume, Asia Pacific contributed the largest market share in 2013,
accounting for 37.32 percent of the overall market. Low average
selling price of flour and high population density are key volume
growth driver for Asia Pacific flour market. By revenue, Europe
contributed the largest market share in 2013, accounting for 32.32
percent of the overall market. High per capita consumption of
flour in the form of bread and bakery products and increase in
average selling price of flour are key revenue growth drivers for
Europe flour market.
Some of the leading players in the market are Ardent Mills
Canada (Canada), Archer Daniels Midland Company (US),
Associated British Foods plc (United Kingdom), ConAgra Foods,
Inc. (US), General Mills Inc (US), King Arthur Flour Company,
Inc. (US), Hindustan Unilever Limited (India), Hodgson
Mill, ITC Limited (US), White Wings (Australia) and Wilmar
International Limited (Singapore) among others.

Global Flour Market Flourishing Animal Feed


Market in Asia Pacific to Lead to Market Growth

The global flour and flour milling market is an important part of


the global food industry and is a connecting link between farmers
and food processors. The market has come a long way from the
days when the use of water-and wind-driven mills was a norm.
The modern flour market uses a combination of highly developed
technology and skilled manpower and functions as a continuous-

Celebrating the
90th anniversary
of Mhlenchemie

Innovations in flour improvement


for more than 90 years.
There is scarcely a basic food in which the quality of the
raw material has such a decisive infl uence on processing
characteristics and the attributes of the fi nished product
as wheat fl our. Analytical quality data provide important
indications, but it is the reaction of the dough to baking
that shows what a fl our can really do. Our fl our improvers
build quality into fl our, strictly according to the basic
principles of flour improvement: doughs must be within
the rheological and enzymatic optimum, and the rheological
and enzymatic optimum must be properly balanced.
Adjustment of low gluten or protein content
Optimization of wheat mixtures etc.
Correction of weak or excessively strong wheat varieties
Regulation of qualities resulting in wet, weak doughs

A member of the Stern-Wywiol Gruppe

info@muehlenchemie.de

www.muehlenchemie.de

F
A Flour World
Museum story

Rising urbanisation
across the globe,
increased health
concerns related to
high-protein flours,
rising per-capita
income of the global
population, and
changing customer
taste are some of
the key trends shaping the current state
of the global flour
market

No. 1

King-size
king cake
You can get it as a dry cake, with
cream, truffle chocolate, or in worldrecord size king cake, eaten in
Mexico since the 16th century at
Epiphany. To celebrate 200 years
of Mexican independence, Mexico
City bakers made a truly king-size
"Rosca de Reyes" weighing ten tons
and measuring 2360 feet long. The
massive cake took 16,684 pounds of
flour, 56,880 eggs and 8157 pounds
of butter, and cut nicely into 254,000
pieces. But no one knows who
found the porcelain figurine that is
hidden in every Rosca de Reyes. This
will no doubt remain a mystery, for
whoever finds it must make tamales
for all the guests, later at the
"Fiesta de la Candelaria". With this
gargantuan cake that would be an
impossible task.
The Mhlenchemie FlourWorld Museum
in Wittenburg is an expression of our
company culture and the responsibility
we feel towards the miller and his flour,
as one of the most important staple
foods. The museum is a journey through
the millennia, illuminating the development and importance of flour. It is
the only one of its kind in the world.
www.flourworld.de

www.muehlenchemie.de
32 | Milling and Grain

flow operation industry. Many large global mills operate 360 days a year.
Recent years have seen a huge expansion in the global flour market, both in terms
of production capacity as well as increased global demand. Flour, a fine or coarse
powder made by grinding grains, seeds, roots and a variety of cereals, is paramount
to the global food industry. The use of flour as a base product in a variety of foodstuff
makes the issue of quality and safety of raw materials a vital factor for the global
food industry.
Thus, the global flour and flour milling market mostly utilises raw materials
supplied by reliable sources that can guarantee excellent standards of food safety
and crop protection, coupled with independent inspections at the processing end.
Global import and export of food grains and a variety of flours is crucial to the
operation of the global food industry. The flour market serves the food industry at all
verticals: a bulk of it goes to larger food manufacturers and bakers, some amount is
sold to in-store bakeries and craft bakeries, and some portion of the total global flour
production is retailed directly to the consumers.

Increasing Consumer Preferences for Bakery Products Driving Demand

Rising urbanisation across the globe, increased health concerns related to highprotein flours, rising per-capita income of the global population, and changing
customer taste are some of the key trends shaping the current state of the global flour
market. The increased consumption of bakery and dough-based products to suffice
the mounting global population is also a chief trend driving the global flour market.
While changing customer preference has led to a global rise in demand for
previously regionally popular flours such as soya, corn, and rice flour, mounting
concern about allergies and health issues associated with the use of high-protein
flours has created significant opportunities for the market in the form of gluten-free,
low-protein alternatives of popular flours. Deregulation of flourmills by government
bodies across the world has also led to a flourishing market for privatised flourmills
in Asia Pacific.

Asia Pacific and Europe Lead Global Flour Market

The global flour market serves a variety of food-and non-food-based industries


through its products. Key applications of the flour market come in the manufacture
of pasta, noodles, wafers, biscuits, crackers, bread and bakery products, animal feed,
and in non-food applications such as biomaterials, glues, and bioplastics.
Rising consumer preference towards ready-to-eat foodstuff such as a variety of
breads and bakery products, and the increased penetration of the fast food industry
across the globe have made the global flour market an essential element in the global
food chain. With rapidly modernising lifestyles and a constant rise in urbanisation
across the globe, demand for easy-to-make staple foods has increased on a global
level, providing an enormous thrust to the global flour market.
The flourishing aquatic feed industry and the expansion of commercial farmlands
in Asia Pacific have also proved to be highly significant for the overall growth of the
flour market due to an increased demand for flour used in animal and aquatic feed.
In 2013, the Asia Pacific market took up the largest market share of the global
flour market in terms of demand by volume. Meanwhile, Europe led the global flour
market in the same year in terms of revenue.
Source: Transparency Market Research

M lling

International

Directory

IMD in print
The 23rd print edition of the IMD is
out now! The 23rd edition is bigger
and better than ever before!

23
2014/15

IMD on the web


Our website has been completely
revised for 2015 with new features and a

better user experience

international
milling
.com
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i
i i i i
i i
i

i i i i
i i
i

i
i i

i i i
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i

i i i
i i

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i i i i
i

i i i
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i

The
super women
of maize
and wheat
The International maize and
wheat improvement centre
(CIMMYT) celebrates Super
Women of Maize and Wheat
by Julie Mollins, CIMMYT

Women make up just over 40 percent of the agricultural


labour force in developing countries, a number that
varies from about 20 percent in Latin America to 50
percent in parts of Africa and Asia, and exceeds 60
percent in a few countries, according to the U.N. Food
and Agriculture Organisation.

he International Maize and Wheat


Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), which
conducts various gender-focused research
projects, launched a social media
crowdsourcing campaign on International
Womens Day to celebrate the
achievements of women in agriculture.
The campaign led to more than a dozen
published blog story contributions about
women in the maize and wheat sectors.
34 | Milling and Grain

Jessica Rutkoski conquers


math demons, finds success as
wheat breeder

Jessica Rutkoskis focus is on


improving all traits of wheat,
including crop-yield increases,
disease and disease resistance in
wheat, focusing on stem- and leafrust pathology. She also programs
and analyses data using statistical
and qualitative genetics. Rutkoski
is an assistant professor at Cornell and divides her time between
teaching and working with the International Maize and Wheat
Improvement Center.

Suchismita Mondal develops


climate change resilient wheat

Suchismita Mondals work in


the Cereal Systems Initiative for
South Asia (CSISA) project has
led to the identification of earlymaturing, high-yielding, heattolerant lines with 10- to 15-percent
superior yields in the heat-stressed
environments of South Asia, two of
which were released in India while
various others are at different stages of testing.

Chhavi Tiwari aids women farmers with zinc-fortified


wheat

Chhavi Tiwari, senior research associate from Banaras Hindu


University in Varanasi, India, works with the HarvestPlus
program with active collaboration and support from the
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
to empower women farmers by making them aware of the value
of micronutrient-rich wheat. Her on-farm training programs
increase their understanding of crop and soil management
techniques, aiding in the improved production of wheat varieties
high in zinc content. Zinc deficiency is attributed to 800,000
deaths each year and affects about one-third of the worlds
population, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Paula Kantor engages men to


support gender progress

Gender research and outreach should


engage men more effectively, according
to Paula Kantor, CIMMYT gender and
development specialist who is leading
an ambitious new project to empower
and improve the livelihoods of women,
men and youth in wheat-growing areas of
Afghanistan, Ethiopia and Pakistan.

Photo courtesy of Velu Govindan

CIMMYT asked readers to submit stories about women who


have made a difference in the maize and wheat sectors, including
women involved in conservation agriculture, genetic resources,
research, technology and related socio-economics.
The Who is Your Maize or Wheat Super Woman? stories are
featured on the CIMMYT website (http://www.cimmyt.org/).
Contributions include blog stories about women from Britain,
Canada, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, and the
United States.

Eva Villegas developed transformative


quality-protein maize

Eva Villegas won the World Food Prize in 2000 with Surinder
Vasal for work that improved the productivity and nutritional
content of maize, which improved the diets of millions of poor
people. The two developed Quality Protein Maize while working
at CIMMYT. Villegas was the first woman to win the award. She
also created a scholarship fund for bird boys, young men hired
by CIMMYT to prevent birds from eating experimental crops, by
aiding in the creation of the scholarship fund that allowed many
of them to complete their education.
April 2015 | 35

FORTIFICATION

Grain
fortification
Rice fortification seen as next
frontier in grain fortification

by Sarah Zimmerman, Food Fortification


initiative

he familiar FFI initials took on


new meaning in 2014 as the Flour
Fortification Initiative changed its name
to the Food Fortification Initiative. The
change was due to FFI adding rice to
its work. Since rice is mostly eaten as
whole kernels, it was not reflected in
FFIs original name.
We must find practical solutions
for rice fortification because literally billions of people live in
countries where health burdens are high and rice is a staple food,
said Scott J. Montgomery, FFI Director. Rice is the new frontier
in food fortification, and with our partners we are discovering
ways to make fortifying it feasible, he added.
Wheat flour, maize flour, and rice are most commonly fortified
with iron and folic acid to prevent anemia caused by iron
deficiency and neural tube birth defects caused by insufficient
folic acid. These are both significant health problems. Anemia
results in reduced productivity, contributes to maternal mortality,
and impairs a childs cognitive development. The most common
neural tube defect is spina bifida in which the babys spine does
not form correctly. It causes some loss of movement or severe
paralysis plus varying degrees of loss of bowel and bladder
control. While iron deficiency anemia can be cured, spina bifida
cannot be cured, and fortification is a successful prevention
strategy.
One measure of global progress towards fortifying grains
for healthier lives is the number of countries with fortification
legislation. Currently 82 countries have mandates requiring
fortification of wheat flour, maize flour, and/or rice with at least
iron or folic acid. This compares to 44 countries with such
legislation in 2002 when FFI began.
Another measure of progress is the percent of industrially
milled flour and rice that is fortified globally. In 2014, FFI
estimated that 30 percent of industrially milled wheat flour,

36 | Milling and Grain

48 percent of industrially milled maize flour, and 1 percent of


industrially milled rice were fortified.
For these estimates, FFI begins with data about the amount
of grain available for human consumption from the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). For
wheat and maize, FFI then applies a formula with each countrys
average extraction rate to estimate the amount of flour available.
This is not needed for rice as FAO data represents the milled rice
equivalent.
FFIs focus is on industrially milled grains because that is where
fortification is most feasible. FFI assumes that 100 percent of
wheat flour is industrially milled, with the exception of countries
with a large number of small mills such as India, Nepal, and
Pakistan. In contrast, FFI assumes that 0 percent of maize flour
and rice is industrially milled unless it has country specific data to
indicate otherwise.
Using these formulas, FFI estimates that in 2014 the following
amounts of each industrially milled grain were available for
human consumption:
290 million metric tons of wheat flour
16 million metric tons of maize flour
222 million tons of rice
FFI then contacts national governments, milling associations,
non-governmental organizations and UN agencies to estimate
how much of each grain is fortified in their country. Those
country responses are then compiled into the global estimate.
In 2004, about 18 percent of the worlds industrially milled
wheat flour was fortified. FFI does not have previous estimates
of the amount of industrially milled maize flour or rice that was
fortified, but FFI will estimate fortification of each of these grains
in the future.
As another way to understand if fortification programs are
achieving their maximum health benefit, in 2014 FFI asked
leaders in countries with fortification legislation about six
components of their monitoring programs. The answers and

F
In 2014 Nicolas Tsikhlakis, Chief
Operations Officer and Partner
at The Modern Flour Mills and
Macaroni Factories in Jordan,
requested information from
the Food Fortification Inititative
because some country leaders
were considering removing
folic acid from the wheat flour
standard. FFI connected Nicolas
with experts at the US Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) and the regional World
Health Organization (WHO) office.
With the information provided,
the country opted to continue
fortifying with folic acid.
Photo by Andrew Gorman
for FFI.

Des Devenport, Mill Manager


at Delite Flour Mill in Solomon Islands,
discusses plans to expand his wheat
milling capacity and include fortification.
The mill plans to be fortifying by May
2015. FFI photo by Helena Pachn.

documentation provided will help FFI and partners produce


an outline of what should be included in effective monitoring
programs.
In addition, FFI, the United Nations Childrens Fund
(UNICEF), and the US Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) created case studies on the flour fortification
monitoring programs in Chile, Indonesia, and South Africa. These
showed that the internal monitoring in each country was rigorous,
while the other type of monitoring were inconsistent. Differences
are expected as not all monitoring components (internal, external,
commercial, and import) are needed for every program. But all
national fortification programs need at least internal and external
monitoring to help ensure success.
FFIs role is to support national leaders working towards

grain fortification. The support provided through multi-sector


collaboration includes:
Advocacy resources on the benefits of fortification
Technical assistance for planning, implementing, and
monitoring sustainable fortification programs
Tracking progress at the country and global levels
Such support is often provided through workshops and training
meetings, visits with key decision makers in specific countries,
and addressing individual requests for information. In 2014, the 13
members of FFIs staff led or participated in 26 workshops, made 18
country visits, and addressed 47 individual requests for information.
The full FFI report can be accessed at:
http://www.ffinetwork.org/about/stay_informed/
releases/2014Review.html

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April 2015 | 37

An update on the nutritional biochemistry of

Selenium

and recent developments in Se bioavailability

by W.L. Bryden, D.D. Moore and S. Shini, School of Agriculture and


Food Sciences, University of Queensland, Australia

elenium exists in four oxidation states:


elemental Se (Se0), selenide (Se2),
selenite (Se+4), and selenate (Se+6) in a
variety of inorganic and organic matrices.
The natural inorganic forms, selenite and
selenate, account for the majority of total
global selenium.
Organically bound selenide compounds
are predominantly seleno-amino acids; the
principle chemical form of Se in animal tissues is selenocysteine,
while selenomethionine predominates in plants.
The chemistry of selenium resembles that of sulphur in several
respects but these elements are not completely interchangeable in
animal systems.
Both, sulphur and Se occur in proteins as constituents of amino
acids. Sulphur is one of the most prevalent elements in the body
and is present in the sulphur-containing amino acids: methionine,
cysteine, homocysteine and taurine. Selenium is a trace element
and a component of the amino acids selenocysteine and
selenomethionine. Selenocysteine is considered the 21st amino
acid in terms of ribosome-mediated protein synthesis.
Selenocysteine is identical to cysteine except that sulphur is replaced
by a Se atom, which is typically ionized at physiological pH.
The presence of selenocysteine in the catalytic site of
Se-dependent antioxidant enzymes enhances their kinetic
properties and broadens the catalytic activity of the enzymes
against biological oxidants when compared with sulphurcontaining species. Selenocysteine (from animal tissues) and
selenomethionine (from plants) are both sources of selenium for
synthesis of SePs.
Replacement of selenocysteine by cysteine in a selenoprotein
usually results in a dramatic decrease of enzymatic activity,
confirming that the ionized selenium atom is critical for optimum
protein function.

Biosynthesis pathway

Significantly, within all cell types there is a specific biosynthesis


pathway that facilitates selenocysteine synthesis and its
subsequent incorporation into SePs Cellular Se concentrations
are therefore tightly regulated. The regulation of selenoprotein
synthesis is central to understanding Se homeostasis and
disorders following the failure of homeostasis.
Cellular Se concentration is a key regulator of its incorporation
into SePs and acts mainly at the post-transcriptional level in
response to alterations in Se bioavailability. Selenocysteine
biosynthesis represents the main regulatory point for
selenoprotein synthesis and not absorption as occurs with many
nutrients.
The biochemistry of Se is different from most other trace
38 | Milling and Grain

A brief history of Selenium


Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element for
animals and humans. It was discovered in 1818
and named Selene after the Greek goddess of
the moon.
Selenium exerts its biological effects as an
integral component of selenoproteins (SePs)
that contain selenocysteine at their active site.
Some 30 SePs, mostly enzymes, have been
identified, including a series of glutathione
peroxidases, thioredoxin reductases and
iodothyronine deiodinases.
The majority play important roles in redox
regulation, detoxification, immunity and
viral suppression. Deficiency or low selenium
status leads to marked changes in many
biochemical pathways and a range of
pathologies associated with defects of
selenoprotein function may occur.
Selenium content of soils can vary widely.
In areas where soils are low in bioavailable
Se, deficiencies can occur in humans and
animals consuming plant-based foods grown
in those soils.
Selenium deficiency have been reported in
many countries including China, Japan, Korea,
and Siberia, Northern Europe, USA, Canada,
New Zealand and Australia. Within each
country there are large regional differences in
soil Se status and in some localities there are
plants that accumulate Se resulting in selenosis
or Se toxicity to grazing animals.
Dietary Se supplementation was first
permitted some 40 years ago.
Since then, there has significant advances
in our knowledge of Se metabolism and
the important role that Se plays in animal
productivity and health.
During this period, Se has become an
important addition to dietary supplements for
animals.

elements as it is incorporated in proteins (SePs) at their highest


level of complexity and function. Selenoproteins incorporate
selenium only in the form of selenocysteine and this occurs
during translation in the ribosome using a transfer RNA specific
for selenocysteine.
Seleno-amino acids (selenocysteine or selenocystine and

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Figure 1: General pathways (A) of selenium absorption, hepatic


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Graphical representation (B) of the optimal range of selenium
required to avoid various human clinical conditions (Adapted
from Kumar and Priyadarsini, 2014)

selenomethionine) are required for the synthesis of seleniumcontaining peptides and proteins.
Importantly, selenomethionine (the major dietary organic
form of Se) that is biochemically equivalent to methionine,
is not incorporated into selenoproteins and therefore, is not a
participant in the regulation of selenium homeostasis. There are
no known human or animal functionally active SePs that contain
selenomethionine.
Only proteins that are genetically programmed and perform
essential biological functions are classified as SePs. Some of
these SePs are enzymes such as the six antioxidant glutathione
peroxidases and the three thioredoxin reductases; the three
deiodinases are involved in thyroid function by catalysing the
activation and deactivation of the thyroid hormones.
Some SePs have direct roles in modulating immunity and
reproductive function, while other SePs facilitate tissue
distribution and transfer of Se.
Selenoprotein P, for example, functions as a transporter of
selenium between the liver and other organs. The functional
characterisation of many SePs remains to be delineated.

Absorption, distribution and metabolic rate

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An overview of the metabolism of Se is shown in Figure 1.


Absorption of selenium occurs in the small intestine, where
both inorganic and organic forms of Se are readily absorbed.
Selenite is passively absorbed across the gut wall, while
selenate appears to be transported by a sodium-mediated carrier
mechanism shared with sulphur.
Organic forms of Se are actively transported. The absorption
of selenomethionine is via the same carrier transport protein as
methionine, with competition taking place between methionine
and its seleno analog. Selenium is distributed throughout the body
from the liver to the brain, pancreas and kidneys.
The highest Se concentrations are found in the liver and kidneys
but the greatest total concentration occurs in muscle because of
their proportion of body weight. Selenium is transported by two
SePs; selenoprotein P and extracellular glutathione peroxidase
(GSH-Px).
Other transport mechanisms have been postulated but not
delineated. Only insignificant transitory amounts of free
selenomethionine are found in blood. Following protein turnover,
the released Se, can be recycled via enterohepatic circulation or
excreted. Selenium is eliminated primarily in urine and faeces.
The distribution between the two routes varies with the level of

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Revised Buckets C2 half page 2.indd 1

21/09/2010 11:37:09

F
exposure and time after exposure.
Table 1: Selenium compounds and their uses in animals and humans
In ruminants, selenite is the primary
Name and content
Nature or origin
Uses
compound available for absorption
because the reducing conditions within
For short-term selenium
Sodium Selenate
supplementation;
the rumen convert the majority of
Sodium Selenite
Synthetic Inorganic
orally in the diet, or by injections
Selenase 50 mcg/mL
selenate to selenite.
for both animals and humans
In the rumen, about a third of selenite
Biosel
Natural Inorganic
For long-term selenium
50 mcg/drop
supplementation in humans
is converted to insoluble forms that
are passed into manure. Of the soluble
Inactive dry yeast containing
Sintomin BIOSEL 2000
high levels of organic
All animals
selenite that reaches the intestine, some
selenium
40% will be absorbed, compared to
Selyeast
Yeast rich in organic selenium
For use as animal feed.
about 80 percent of selenomthionine.
Selenomethionine: 1000, 2000, 3000
As a consequence of these differences,
Selemax (1000, 2000)
Inactive dry yeast containing
in cows, the digestibility of Se from
All animal species and categories
70 % of total selenium in the form of
organic selenium
selenomethionine
selenite is around 50 percent compared
SeLECT
to about 66 percent for seleniumOrganic, pure
Oral administration (capsules)
L(+) Selenomethionine &
selenomethionine,
humans
yeast. There is no information on the
Vitamin E
impact of the gut microbiota on the Se
Sel Plex TM
requirements of monogastric animals.
>50% of total selenium in the form of
Yeast rich in organic selenium
All animals
selenomethionine
Inorganic Se is recognised by the
AB Tor-Sel
digestive tissues and is absorbed and
Yeast rich in organic selenium
All animals and humans
selenohomolanthionine
converted into SePs.
Naturally occurring
In contrast, organic Se
Predominate form of selenium
L-Selenomethionine
organoselenium compound
supplement in food for humans;
(selenomethionine) is not recognized
100% L-selenomethionine
made by plants
some use in animals
as Se-containing by mammalian cells.
Naturally occurring
As a consequence, selenomethionine
SeMCTM
organoselenium compound
Humans
Methylselenocysteine 98%
is absorbed and metabolized relative to
made by plants
methionine needs.
If selenomethionine is broken down
within the cell, Se is released and recognized by the cell as a
E are effective in treating mulberry heart disease (a dietetic
mineral. It is then processed according to the need for Se.
microangiopathy). Reproductive disorders, including retained
However, if the cell does not break down selenomethionine, it
placenta in dairy cows, and lowered disease resistance are
may be inadvertently incorporated into a wide variety of proteins
observed in all Se deficient species. Some species, such as rabbits
that are not genetically programmed to contain selenium.
and horses, seem to be more dependent on vitamin E than Se for
The functionality of these proteins will be compromised.
their antioxidant protection.
As a metabolic safeguard, neither dietary selenocysteine nor
This may reflect species differences in dependence on nonselenomethionine is directly incorporated into selenoproteins.
selenium containing GSH-Px.
All dietary forms of selenium must be metabolised and converted
Selenium presents a nutritional conundrum because it is both
to selenocysteine and selenoproteins under the genetically
essential and highly toxic. There are several approaches to
controlled mechanism within the cell.
measuring Se status. These include the measurement of changes
Much of the absorbed organic Se is transferred into the amino
in plasma Se concentration, measurement of GSH-Px enzyme
acid pool, where together with the existing intracellular pool, it is
activity, and absorption/retention studies.
metabolised by different pathways (see Figure 1). From there, it
The use of stable isotopes of Se have been used in human
is enzymatically converted in the liver to selenide, which serves
studies and to determine endogenous forms of selenium in foods.
as the Se source for selenocysteine synthesis.
All of these biomarkers are useful indicators of Se status but
because of the role of Se in many biochemical pathways, a single
indicator may not be an appropriate index of Se status.
Deficiency and requirements
Selenium acts biochemically in the animal or bird in a
complimentary manner to vitamin E. Both nutrients prevent
Dietary supplementation
peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in cell membranes.
Selenium is routinely added to animal diets to ensure that
Most of the deficiency signs of these nutrients can be explained
requirements are met.
by their antioxidant properties. The requirement for each is
There has been increased interest recently in Se dietary
therefore influenced by the dietary concentration of the other.
supplementation to enrich animal products. The production of
For example, the Se requirement of the chick is inversely
selenium-enriched meat, milk and eggs is viewed as an effective
proportional to dietary vitamin E intake. Thus Se has sparing
and safe way of improving the selenium status of humans.
effect on the requirement for vitamin E and vice versa.
There are a range of products available for dietary Se
Manifestation of Se deficiency can take many forms and
supplementation (see Table 1).
varies between species. Muscular degeneration or white muscle
Selenium is commonly added to diets as sodium selenite.
disease occurs to varying degrees in all species. In birds,
However, there has been growing interest in dietary addition of
pancreatic fibrosis is an uncomplicated Se deficiency, whereas
organic Se. Organic sources are assimilated more efficiently than
exudative diathesis (generalised oedema visible under the skin) is
inorganic Se and considered to be less toxic and therefore more
responsive to both Se and vitamin E.
appropriate as a feed supplement.
Pigs with hepatosis diatetica (severe necrotic liver lesions)
Yeast has become the most popular vehicle for the addition of
are responsive to Se supplements, while both Se and vitamin
organic Se because of its rapid growth, ease of culture and high
40 | Milling and Grain

F
experimental conditions, as demonstrated on many
occasions, dietary supplementation with both the
inorganic and organic selenium resulted in similar
animal and bird performance.
However, tissue accumulation was significantly
greater when the organic forms of Se were fed,
which is in accord with the literature. Interestingly,
the yeast enriched with SeHLan generated
significantly higher Se concentrations in muscle
tissue than the selenomethionine enriched product.
The implication of this finding in both pigs and
broilers may imply a greater efficacy of SeHLan in
stressful commercial environments.

Remarks

Seleniums nutritional essentiality was discovered


in the 1950s.
Figure 2. Proposed metabolic pathways for SeHLan and
It is now clear that the importance of having
SeMet in animal cells (Source: Tsuji et al. 2010)
adequate amounts of Se in the diet is primarily due
to the fact that this micronutrient is required for the
biosynthesis of selenocysteine as a part of functional
selenoproteins.
capacity to accumulate Se. The major product in selenized yeast
Although animals, and presumably humans, are able to
is selenomethionine.
efficiently utilise nutritionally adequate levels of Se in both
Selenomethionine was found to be four times more effective
organic and inorganic forms for selenoprotein synthesis, it is clear
than selenite in preventing the characteristic pancreatic
that the bioavailability of Se varies, depending on the source and
degeneration caused by selenium deficiency in chicks.
chemical form of the Se supplement.
Selenium yeast (selenomethionine) was found to be much more
Tissue enrichment with Se is greater when organic forms of the
effective than inorganic Se in increasing the Se concentration
micronutrient are fed.
of cows milk. This is in accord with many animal studies and
Organic selenium, in the form of yeast enriched with
human clinical trials that have demonstrated the superior efficacy
of L-selenomethionine, in increasing Se muscle content compared selenomethionine, is widely used in animal nutrition. Recently,
yeast enriched with SeHLan became commercially available
to inorganic Se.
and initial research suggests that it may be more efficacious than
Selenohomoalanthionine (SeHLan; 2 hydroxy-4selenomethionine for tissue accumulation of Se.
methylselenobutanoic acid) was recently identified in Japanese
This has obvious implications for the production of Se enriched
pungent radish and has generated much interest as it was less
animal products but may also be important in commercial
toxic in human cell culture than selenomethionine. As shown
production units. Greater tissue reserves of Se may enhance an
in Figure 2, differences in metabolism between SeHLan and
animals resilience to stress and disease challenge.
selenomethionine may, in-part, explain the apparent difference in
toxicity.
Selenomethionie mimics methionine by sharing the same
Further reading
Bellinger FP, Raman AV, Reeves MA, Berry MJ. 2009. Regulation
metabolic pathways and can replace methionine in peptide
and function of selenoproteins in human disease. Biochemical
synthesis, as noted above, and thus disrupt protein synthesis.
Journal, 422:11-22.
As shown in Figure 2, the proposed metabolic pathway for
SeHLan appears to be much less complex; SeHLan is only
utilised in the trans-selenation pathway for selenoprotein
synthesis and therefore is not expected to interfere with the
methionine metabolic pathways. The tissue distribution of these
two selenoamino acids may also contribute to differences in
toxicity.
Both are distributed throughout the body with higher liver
and pancreas accumulation of selenomethionine in contrast
to SeHLan which preferentially accumulates in the liver and
kidneys.
At higher doses, selenomethionine has been shown to induce
pancreas damage whereas SeHLan is excreted by the kidneys
without inducing pancreatic damage.
Selenomethionine enriched yeast has been available
commercially for many years.
Recently, a yeast product enriched with SeHLan has become
available and a number of efficacy studies with growing pigs
and broiler chickens have been conducted in Australia with these
selenoamino acid sources.
In the studies both selenomethionine (Sel Plex) and SeHLan
(AB Tor-Sel) were compared to sodium selenite. In the clean
42 | Milling and Grain

.Brennan,KM, Crowdus, CA, Cantor, AH. et al 2011 Effects of


organic and inorganic dietary selenium supplementation on gene
expression profiles in oviduct tissue from broiler-breeder hens
Animal Reproduction Science 125: 180 188
Celi P, Selle PH, Cowieson AJ. 2014. Effects of organic selenium
supplementation on growth performance, nutrient utilisation,
oxidative stress and selenium tissue concentrations in broiler
chickens. Animal Production Science 54, 966971.
Fairweather-Tait SJ, Collings R. Hurst, R. 2010. Selenium
bioavailability: current knowledge and future research
requirements. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,
91:1484S-1491S.
Kumar BS and Priyadarsini KI. 2014 Selenium nutrition: How
important is it? Biomedicine & Preventive Nutrition 4: 333341
Schrauzer GN, Surai PF. 2009. Selenium in human and animal
nutrition: resolved and unresolved issues. Critical Reviews in
Biotechnology. 29:2-9.

Tsuji Y, Mikami T, Anan Y, Ogra Y. 2010. Comparison of


selenohomolanthionine and selenomethionine in terms of
selenium distribution and toxicity in rats by bolus administration.
Metallomics. 2:412-418.

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BergaFat:

a fat powder with value added


by Roland Adelmann, Berg + Schmidt, Germany

Berg + Schmidt is one of the pioneers in the


development of fat powders without a carrier.
Its BergaFat brand has become synonymous
with fat powder around the globe. BergaFat
is based entirely on palm oil, a valuable and
purely vegetable raw material. Thanks to its
high palmitic acid content it is readily digestible
and also offers a number of advantages over Ca
soaps.

ore and more, in modern


animal production, it is a
question of optimising the
individual components
of the feed in order to
offer consumers healthy,
high-quality products at
competitive prices. In this
connection the feed is
extremely important as a source of energy. That applies especially
to feed fats, since they supply over twice as much energy as
carbohydrates.
So fats in powder form are a valuable and at the same time
practical alternative. They are easy to dose, to store and to handle.

Pure energy for cows in early lactation and highperformance cows

In order to make modern milk production profitable it is


essential to provide additional energy, since high-performance
cows in the early phase of lactation expend more energy on milk
production than they can take in with their feed.
The animals organism draws the energy it lacks from the
44 | Milling and Grain

bodys own fat reserves. This may result in metabolic disorders


and reduced fertility. To prevent this and at the same time ensure
a high milk yield the cows must be provided with extra energy
through their feed. The only way to offer the animals additional
energy is to provide fat in a rumen-stable form, either as a top
dressing or in the concentrate. The BergaFat range from Berg +
Schmidt ensures that high-performance cows are given the extra
energy they need. For ruminants the company offers the products
BergaFat F-100 / BergaFat F-100 HP and BergaFat T-300.

Only rumen-stable fats are ideal for the environment in


the rumen

Normal feed fats consist of saturated and unsaturated fatty


acids. Above a certain level, unsaturated fatty acids have a
damaging effect on the bacteria of the rumen. This results in poor
utilisation of the entire ration or even reduced performance. The
bacteria defend themselves against unsaturated fatty acids by
hydrogenating them to form saturated fatty acids. They use such
hydrogenation as a kind of detoxification mechanism, but this
only works up to a total of about 4 percent fat in the feed. If the
ration is to contain more than this 4 percent fat, the added fat
must remain stable in the rumen in order to avoid damage to the
rumen bacteria.

Rumen-protected or rumen-stable: an important


difference

To prevent damage to the rumen bacteria from unsaturated fatty


acids, these fats used to be saponified with calcium in a process
involving a chemical reaction. This provides artificial protection
for the micro-organisms in the rumen. However, these rumenprotected calcium soaps are only stable in the rumen under
certain conditions. As soon as the pH drops, Ca soaps are split up
into calcium and unsaturated fatty acids. And this applies to their
behaviour in the TMR as well as in the rumen. Saponification
of the fat also impairs the odour and taste of the feed fats. This

F
lowers the animals acceptance of the
feed and thus their overall performance.

Sophisticated technology makes


BergaFat unique

Unlike the soaps, BergaFat works


without any synthetic protection at all.
In the production process, high-melting
fat fractions that are rumen-stable
by nature are isolated by physical
separation. The fatty acids in BergaFat
are saturated to the point where they
no longer damage the microbes of the
rumen. On the contrary: the saturated
fatty acids in BergaFat F-100, BergaFat
T-300 and BergaFat F-100 HP relieve
the burden on the rumen; they do not
have to be hydrogenated and therefore
meet the nutritional requirements
of the high-performance cows.
These fats reach the small intestine
unchanged, where they are broken
down enzymatically and used as energy.
In other words: fat-powder products
without carriers are the new generation
of rumen-stable (bypass) fats. With
its 100 percent fat content, BergaFat
provides more energy than calcium
soaps, for these may contain as much as
20 percent non-fat substances such as
calcium, ash and water, and therefore
correspondingly less energy. Moreover,
the BergaFat products are free from
trans fatty acids.

Feeding trials with BergaFat

BergaFat increases the quantity and


fat content of the milk. The quantity of
protein and fat is increased, while the
percentage of protein remains the same.
Cows that were given BergaFat T-300
in the trials lost less weight and picked up weight again more
quickly than the animals in the control group. This resulted in 26
percent better fertility.
Results from the USA are similar:
7.6 percent increase in the milk fat content
8.1 percent more milk fat
1.7 kg more FCM milk (3.5 percent)
0.7 percent less feed uptake
7.5 percent better feed conversion
The above figures prove that dairy cows need less feed and
nevertheless perform better with the addition of BergaFat.

Feeding trials reveal advantages over Ca soaps

The superiority of BergaFat F-100 over Ca soaps has also


been demonstrated in feeding trials. At the same amount of fat
(2 percent BergaFat F-100 versus 2.4 percent Ca soap in the dry
matter of the feed) BergaFat achieved an increase of 3.1 percent
as compared to the control for fat corrected milk, whereas the
Ca soap only achieved an increase of 0.8 percent. The economic
evaluation of this trial revealed additional proceeds of 10 US
cents per cow and day with the use of BergaFat as compared to
the control group, whereas the Ca soap caused a daily loss of
18 US cents per cow. In a further trial conducted to verify the

comparison with Ca soap, Bergafat achieved an increase of at


least 3 percent in the milk performance parameters.

Rumen-stable fat powder with palmitic acid for dairy


cows

In order to compensate for the energy deficit in early lactation,


the metabolic system of dairy cows is programmed to mobilise
energy for milk production from the bodys own reserves; this
may result in metabolic disorders. In order to prevent this it is
necessary to provide additional energy through the feed. Energy
supplementation is best carried out with BergaFat, which is rich
in C16:0, because the palmitic acid necessary for milk production
is then absorbed directly out of the bloodstream as well as being
synthesised by the animal itself.

Dosage of BergaFat

Dairy cow rations normally contain about 4 to 5 percent fat


in the solid matter. In order to feed a higher proportion of fat,
rumen-stable BergaFat must be added as extra energy. The dosage
of BergaFat depends on the cows performance. In the case of
exceptionally high-yielding cows, up to 1,000 g per animal and
day may be given. BergaFat can be mixed easily with a pelleted
concentrate or given directly as a top dressing.
April 2015 | 45

At the forefront of

optical sorting
by Masazumi Hara, Technical Division, Satake

he very first optical sorter for the


rice milling industry in Japan was
introduced on a trial basis in the early
1960s. As far as records show, it was
a European sorter of small capacity
with only three channels. This optical
sorter did not become widely used in
the Japanese rice milling industry for
two reasons the purchase and running
costs were high, and the market requirement was low. The 1960s
were a period of very rapid growth in Japan. Demand for rice
exceeded supply, mainly due to poor logistics, and discolored
rice was not an issue at the time. In the late 1970s, the demandand-supply balance of rice was reversed and the supply exceeded
the demand. The Government restricted the use of agrichemicals
and controlled rice production. As a result, areas of fallow paddy
field increased. Grass invaded even areas still under cultivation,
and pests increased, causing rice discoloration. In the meantime,
grass seeds often contaminated harvested rice due to insufficient
weeding. Japanese rice mills began to require optical sorters.
In response to the demand from Japanese rice mills, Satake
started working on the development of optical sorters in 1978 and
released the first one in 1979. It was a 10-channel monochromatic
optical sorter using photo diodes. Subsequent models had
greater and greater capacity, reaching 30 channels by 1981 and
80 channels by 1986. Originally used in large-scale rice mills,
optical sorters are now used by even quite small rice retailers. In
1993, Satake optical sorters obtained a new camera a chargecoupled device (CCD) with near infrared (NIR) capability, which
made it possible to identify and reject tiny specks and inorganic
particles of the same or similar colour to the product rice kernels
and which conventional sorters could not remove. Machine size
was also increased to 160 channels.
In 1994, Japan experienced its worst ever crop of rice, and
decided to import rice. Since this was an emergency measure,
and the diffusion rate of the optical sorters used in the countries
sending the rice was relatively low, the rice imported into Japan
contained a lot of discolored and foreign materials, which did

46 | Milling and Grain

not meet consumer demands in Japan. Rice exporters overseas


who wished to sell rice to Japan introduced optical sorters to
ensure their rice quality met market requirements; those rice
mills inside Japan that milled imported rice did likewise. Indeed,
rice exporters would make the point that a Japanese machine
had sorted their rice, thereby guaranteeing the quality of their
rice. In the same year, the Japanese Food Control Act was
revised and the market demand for quality rice became stronger.

These two events helped the spread of optical sorters in the


rice milling industry. Today, optical sorters sort almost all rice
distributed in Japan, and rice in Japan is safe and reliable, without
contamination by foreign materials such as glass or stones, and
beautifully white.
In recent years, due to the exponential advances made in
information-communication technology (ICT), the performance
of optical sensors has improved and processing units have been
highly integrated and accelerated. It is the home appliance

DON Reduction by Sorting Yield using Full Colour Belt Sorter


DON in wheat kernels before sorting 2.29 ppm
DON in wheat kernels after sorting 0.96 ppm
Sorting Yield : 95.6%

NIV Reduction by Sorting Yield using Full Colour Belt Sorter


NIV in wheat kernels before sorting 1.20 ppm
NIV in wheat kernels after sorting 0.60 ppm
Sorting Yield : 95.6%

DON Reduction by Sorting Yield using Optical Sorter


DON in wheat kernels before sorting 2.29 ppm
DON in wheat kernels after sorting 1.07 ppm
Sorting Yield : 94.4%

Effect of decreasing of NIV using Optical Sorter


NIV in wheat kernels before sorting 1.20 ppm
NIV in wheat kernels after sorting 0.71 ppm
Sorting Yield : 94.4%

industry that is leading technical advancement. Satake adopted


these technologies to optical sorting, making it possible to
provide high performance optical sorters at a relatively low cost.
Moreover, smartification, as it is known, makes it possible to
provide intuitive and user-friendly operating systems and realtime service in optical sorters.

The Satake range of optical sorters

Today, demands for optical sorting are diversified in material


and in variety. Optical sorters are expected to discriminate
defective grains and particles not only by contrast, but also by the
difference in actual colour. Satake have developed optical sorters
that are equipped with full colour cameras to meet customer
demand and in a quest for new applications. Originally for rice,
cereals and beans, the applications are now becoming infinite.
Compared with conventional monochromatic or bichromatic
optical cameras, the full colour camera can gather a large amount
of information, which is better for identifying defectives from
the product, but requires a large data processing capacity and
the skills to determine the threshold (or sensitivity). To solve
difficulties in determining the threshold, it is necessary to install
an easy-to-operate interface to optical sorters.
Satake offers a series of optical sorters, which are fitted with
an easy-to-operate interface, called Satake Smart Sensitivity,
and this software has made it possible to sort a wide range of
materials. By having a variety of optical sorters in response to
diverse market requirements, not only current users but also new

customers in emerging markets can enjoy the benefits of optical


sorting. In addition, those optical sorters can have a real-time
shape sorting function installed which discriminates defectives
not only by the difference in colour, but also by difference in size,
length or ellipticity (or flatness).
Satake offers five types of full colour sorters the RGBS,
REZS, FMS, CS and Evolution RGB series, all of which are of
the chute type. The RGBS is a large-capacity premium series,
which has a robust, enclosed, and hygienic body. It has a high
sorting performance (throughput, efficiency and yield). The
REZS is a middle-capacity and middle call sorter which has
simple mechanisms in a heavy-duty frame. It is open-structured
for greater ease of maintenance. The FMS is a small-capacity,
movable sorter for entry users. It emphasises cost-effectiveness
and usability as well as general versatility. Cost, weight
and productivity are duly considered, and the materials and
processing methods are highly optimized for mass production.
Another premium sorter that Satake has developed is the
Evolution RGB. The difference between the RGBS and the
Evolution RGB is the light source. Whilst the RGBS uses a light
white LED light source, Evolution RGB employs a full color
LED light source, the intensity of which can be readily adjusted.
By adjusting the light intensity properly, output from the full
color camera can be natural like human vision. The FMS and
Evolution RGB series have better access to the optical section for
maintenance, because the front optical module can be turned (in
the Evolution RGB) or lifted (in the FMS series).
April 2015 | 47

Process flow of Satake Smart Sensitivity

Capturing Image of products

Capturing Image of defectives that you


would like to sort

Clicking a button and the software


automatically makes threshold

Left: Colour
distribution
in two
dimensions

Colour
distribution
in three
dimensions and
threshhold

Shape sorting example

Shape sorting example

Normal shaped product

Deformed product

In addition to these 4 chute types, Satake also offer belt type full
colour optical sorters.
DON reduction in wheat flour using optical sorters
A typical fungus causing Fusarium head blight on plants of the
wheat family is Fusarium graminearum and the main toxin this
organism produces is Deoxynivalenol (DON). Fusarium fungus
also produces Nivalenol (NIV), believed to be of stronger acute
toxicity than DON.
It is necessary to reduce DON and NIV to prevent health
damage by removing Fusarium-damaged wheat kernels as well as
by applying proper agrichemicals or treatments.
In 2009, Satake conducted trials to remove Fusarium-damaged
wheat kernels and performed quantitative analyses for DON
and NIV reduction using a full colour belt sorter (Model Name
: CS300) which employed visible light, and an optical sorter
(Model Name: RMGS) which used a near-infrared light range
greater than 1400nm, both of which are made by Satake.
According to the resultant report, it was possible to reduce
DON contamination from 2.29 ppm to 1.1 ppm (the Japanese
provisional standard) and lower by removing Fusariumdamaged wheat kernels from the material wheat kernels using
the aforementioned optical sorters. This method was also able to
reduce NIV levels by 50 to 60 percent from 1.20 ppm.

Chalky wheat kernel sorting

Generally, wheat is distributed to the consumer after it is milled

Normal shaped product

Deformed product

into flour. For this channel of distribution, the major objectives in


sorting are to remove dark and green wheat kernels, skins (bran)
of the same colour as wheat flour, and impurities such as stones
and straw. This application requires large-capacity optical sorters.
But in India, where wheat consumption is the third greatest in
the world, wheat is distributed as grain and consumers tend to
mill the wheat grains into flour at home when they need it. For
this reason, they have very high standards for the appearance of
the wheat kernels. Unwanted chalky kernels will be removed by
optical sorting.
As shown in Figure **, chalky wheat has a similar appearance
to chalky rice. Whilst sound kernels look translucent, chalky
kernels look cloudy due to the loose composition of carbohydrate
(starch cells) in their cores. It is difficult to sort chalky wheat
kernels from sound wheat kernels using a conventional white
light source. To sort chalky wheat kernels from sound wheat
kernels, a special light source of a longer wavelength ranges and
which has relatively high energy is required from among the
visible light wavelength band.

The latest optical sorting technology.

Satake Smart Sensitivity - easy-to-operate interface


As previously described, full colour cameras mounted in
Satake optical sorters can gather a vast amount of colour
information from the three dimensional colour spaces. The
signal processing algorithm must, however, be simple so that

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50 | Milling and Grain

it can process a vast amount of colour information instantly


and in real-time. A traditional monochromatic camera
produces 256 colours. A conventional bichromatic camera
produces 65,536 colours (256 x 256 256 times more than
the monochromatic camera). A full color camera produces
16,777, 216 colours (256 x 256 x 256 65,536 times more
than the monochromatic camera, and 256 times more than the
bichromatic camera).
The interface that Satake recommends is Satake Smart
Sensitivity which can process the data of 16,777, 216 colours
provided by a full color CCD camera instantly and create a
threshold automatically. This system creates an optimum
threshold to discriminate defectives, simply by capturing
images of products and defectives. This system automatically
applies statistical processing based on the colour information
supplied by full colour cameras.
Typical optical sorter applications reject defectives by
contrast or by colour information. Satake has added a new
function to optical sorters to reject defectives by shape
information such as size, length and ellipticity (or flatness).
This algorithm makes it possible to discriminate split or
broken materials or immature kernels, crushed or deformed
materials, as well as impurities which have the same colour
and chemical components but are different in shape from the
products. The latest Evolution RGB boasts a high performance
shape recognition algorithm that can identify every single
piece of the material without reducing throughput.
Optical sorting can sort deformed materials to give a higher
yield compared to other physical sorting equipment, such as
revolving screens etc. This technology opens the possibility to
replace conventional physical cleaning and grading machines
with optical sorters, which are compact, hygienic, maintainable
and economical in operation.

Future perspective

Optical sorters are widely used in the food industry and


on the manufacturing premises of industrial products,
and their applications are wide-ranging. Particularly as a
technology to recover specific materials from batches of
waste materials mixed with various kinds of metals and
plastics, leading toward the establishment of a recyclingoriented society. Mazda and Nissan, two major Japanese
automobile companies, have been using Satake optical
sorters for car bumper recycling since 2003 and 2011,
respectively.
Previously, the sensing technology of optical sorters was
used to measure the external appearance quality of the
objects being sorted, in order to identify and remove defectives
or irregular products. However, demand for measuring
internal quality and to sort by material type is increasing, for
example, waste plastic sorting and agricultural product sorting
measuring specific constituents such as carbohydrate and
protein, functional ingredients and hazardous constituents. It
is expected that the solution to these requirements will involve
optical sorters using infrared rays, X-rays or the Raman
spectrometric method, and hyper spectral cameras which can
detect multiple wavelengths instantaneously.
In the wheat milling industry, there is a demand for optical
sorters which can discriminate and reject Fusarium damaged
wheat kernels efficiently and which can sort wheat kernels
by protein content. Satake is continually developing and
manufacturing quality and highly functional sorting equipment
using state-of-the-art technology to respond to the various
demands of their customers.

Retaining crop biodiversity

in the face of a civil war


ICARDA (The International Centre of Agricultural Research in Dry
Areas) honoured by the Gregor Mendel Foundation for the rescue and
conservation of genetic plant material from Syria

by Olivia Holden, Milling and Grain

n 19th March 2015, Dr Mahmoud


Solh, Director General of The
International Centre of Agricultural
Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA)
received the Gregor Mendel
Innovation Prize in Berlin, one
of the words top honours for
outstanding contributions to plant
breeding. In the face of civil
war and political insurgency, Dr Solh and his team worked
meticulously under difficult conditions in Aleppo, Syria to save
and transport genetic plant material to Svalbard Seed Vault in
Norway. Most of the germplasm collections that have been
transported are unique landtraces and wild relatives of cereals and
legumes, collected from Central and West Asia, and the North
Africa region over the past four decades.
More than 80 percent of the globally unique collection of crop
genetic resources has now been safely duplicated at this Arctic
facility. The Svalbard Seed Vault has received a total of 116, 484
plant genetic materials from ICARDA.
The relentless effort of ICARDAs management and gene bank
staff in Syria has contributed to conserving crop biodiversity.
The Global Seed Vault in Svalbard, managed jointly by the
Global Crop Diversity Trust, the Nordic Genetic Resource Centre
(NordGen) and the government of Norway, is serving as an
insurance plan in case of a catastrophic global wipe out of crops.
Safeguarding these genetic materials is a critical mission for
ICARDA, says Dr Solh, we are entrusted with the genetic
wealth of some 128 countries - a source that we cannot afford to
lose as it ensures long-term public welfare.
Commenting upon ICARDAs commitment to the rescue of
genetic plant resources from the gene bank during the political
unrest in Syria, Germanys Federal Minister of Agriculture,
Christian Schmidt praised the actions of the ICARDA team as a
grandiose gesture of humanity. He emphasised that gene banks
are not museums of history but instead form the basis for further

52 | Milling and Grain

development through breeding and agriculture.


I was able to talk to Dr Solh about his time in Syria, and
how the actions of ICARDA have contributed to preserving an
invaluable treasure of seeds from indigenous crops in the worlds
dry areas.

ICARDA in Syria

ICARDA was first established in 1977 with its founding


mandate to promote agricultural development in the dry areas
of developing countries. Initial intentions were to set up a main
centre or research station in Lebanon with a sub-station for low
lands in Syria and a sub-station for highlands in Iran at the time
of the Shah of Iran. However, the civil war in Lebanon made it
difficult to carry out these plans. The organisation were granted
about 1,000 hectares by the Syrian government and set up a head
quarters there with a substation in Terbol, Lebanon.

Working in the face of a civil war

Even under regular circumstances, the organisation ensures that


they have their germplasm collections in its gene bank duplicated
outside Syria in case of fire, earthquakes or other natural
disasters. The organisation did not envisage any political unrest
or civil war as the host country of Syria was relatively stable and
safe.
In March 2011, when the unrest first began in southern Syria,
about 87 percent of the germplasm collections in its gene bank
had been duplicated. This meant about 28,000 seeds were
unduplicated. ICARDA gathered all of the support it could to
ensure safe duplication could be carried out within three months.
Half of the seeds were sent to Turkey and the other half to
Lebanon with the support of the government authorities of both
countries.
In Northern Syria, the situation worsened in July 2012.
ICARDA began the transportation of seeds and they were moved
in December 2012. The mission to transport the seeds meant
travelling in dangerous circumstances and was not without

F
difficulties. The last shipment to Svalbard Vault in Norway was
carried out from Syria in February 2014. This was extremely
difficult. For security reasons, main roads were too dangerous to
use. The routes taken to transport the seeds by road from Aleppo
were either to Lattakia to be shipped by sea or to Damascus, then
to Lebanon.
During the centre operations, unfortunate security
circumstances prevailed. The manager of the research station at
Tel Hadya and a leader of the group in Aleppo were kidnapped
twice but both were safely returned. A Syrian doctor of
veterinary medicine was kidnapped when moving sheep and
goats to Damascus. He was released from the first kidnappers but
currently remains unaccounted for.
All expatriates were moved out of Syria and relocated in July
2012. The centre still has 50 Syrian nationals who remain at work
in Syria, mostly in the Aleppo and Tel Hadya research stations.
Those working in the Tel Hadya main station were employed
from small villages. The employees that remain are kept under
close supervision with minimum mobility. Staff safety is a top
priority. ICARDA keeps in constant contact with them via mobile
phone.
Dr Solh explained that so far, the main buildings are still intact
but seriously affected. Equipment was moved from Tel Hadya
to be stored safely in expatriate vacated apartments in Aleppo
in June and July. Looting has occurred particularly in the small
ruminant research unit but all valuable equipment has been
moved out from Tel Hadya to Aleppo.

Syria and food security

To date, the on-going civil war continues to raise fresh

concerns about food security in the nation. The conflict has


seen 6.5 million Syrians become Internally Displaced Persons
and another 2.7 million Syrian refugees flee to neighbouring
countries (source: The Borgen Project). Rainfall deficits have
also meant that the production of wheat the major staple food
of this country, often consumed in the form of bread, has steeply
declined. The civil war has ravished the countrys production of
cereals and further contributed to a major food security problem.
80 percent of Syrian nationals are now food insecure.
Prior to the civil war, Syria was the only Arab country to have
achieved food security. The objective of the Syrian government
was to ensure that Syria was self-sufficient in wheat. The country
was producing up to 4.7 million tons of wheat annually and in
good rainy years exporting one to two tonnes of wheat. The
country had invested heavily in science and technology and the
government was supportive to local rural farmers explained Dr
Solh.
Food remained at the centre of the deal ICARDA struck with
rebel groups in order to carry out their work. The groups initially

Automated measurement of the solvent


retention capacity (SRC) profile.
The manual SRC method (AACC 56-11) is
very time consuming and calls for a series
of operations, some of which are extremely
operator-dependent and variable.
By fully automating the test, the SRCCHOPIN makes it simple, time saving and
very accurate.
By measuring individually the quality of
the main functional components of flour,
(protein, damaged starch, pentosans), the
SRC test is a great addition to rheological
analyses to better understand, control and
predict the quality of final products.

For more information


flash this code
or visit
www.chopin.fr

pub src anglais-190x132.indd 1

20, Avenue Marcelin Berthelot


92396 Villeneuve-la-Garenne - France

10/03/2015 16:03:18
April 2015
| 53

Dr Solh accepts his award on behalf of ICARDA


Photograph courtsey of Gregor Mendel Foundation

demanded money to protect the facility where they were working,


however, ICARDA refused. ICARDA were solely interested
in maintaining crop rotation as 630 hectares of cereals, (wheat,
barely) and food legumes (lentil, faba bean, chickpeas and grass
pea) had been planted. The rebel groups were willing to protect
the centre as long as part of the produce could be taken (it was
negotiated that 50 percent would be taken, however, it was the
case more was taken). The rebels originate from neighbouring
villages. As the groups constantly change, the security situation
is often turbulent and unpredictable. Some of the farmers (who
are now rebel fighters) used to collaborate with ICARDA on
farm trials and demonstration fields in the past, so they know of
ICARDA and its mission to help small farmers

The future in Syria

During their time in Syria, ICARDA maintained excellent


relations there with the local people and the Syrian government.
The organisation has developed high levels of trust with all
collaborating countries over more than 35 years. Almost all
countries where ICARDA is collaborating have welcomed
scientists to continue carry out their work. Even China and India
have invited ICARDA to work in their research stations.
More than 170 special projects are still being completed and
staff now safely re-located to where they can implement them. A
rational decentralisation strategy has been in place since it was
developed in 2012 and approved in 2013 by the Centre Board of
Trustees and the CGIAR Consortium Board. ICARDA currently
has three main research platforms (Ethopia, India and Morocco).
At the same time, the Board has agreed to make Lebanon a
temporary headquarters based on an agreement with the Lebanese
government.
Thematic Research Locations have been already established in
Egypt for high input irrigated agriculture: in Turkey and Central
Asia for research on winter wheat and winter barley. There is also
a Regional Cereal Rust Research Centre established at Izmir and
supported by the Turkish government in addition to a Thematic
Research Location in Sudan on heat tolerance for adaptation to
climate change.

Public acknowledgement and a global audience

Commenting upon the prestigious award, Dr Solh stated, we

54 | Milling and Grain

were honoured, we did not think people were watching whilst we


were going about our work to safeguard invaluable germplasm
collections that ICARDA had in its gene bank. Our aims were
to save a valuable heritage and to promote the importance of
the collection, the conservation of which will be essential to
enhancing food security and coping with climate change.
Visits to archaeological sites in both Syria and Iraq
demonstrated that crops such as lentils, barley and wheat had
evolved in these locations over thousands of years. These crops
have extremely desirable traits such as the ability to cope with
harsh environmental conditions including excessive drought, high
temperature, cold, salinity, diseases and pests.
It was so rewarding to learn about the Gregor Mendel
Foundation Award of Germany and to find that it reflects the
interest and the commitment of the international community to
conserve plant genetic resources as an important heritage from
our ancestors. We feel that the award has opened the eyes of
a global community to invest not only in the conservation of
genetic resources, but also in their utilisation to contribute to food
security, improve the income of the rural poor and to create job
opportunities Dr Solh further added.
With thanks to the Gregor Mendel Foundation and Dr
Mahmoud Solh of ICARDA.

About ICARDA

The International Centre of Agricultural Research in Dry


Areas (ICARDA) was first established in 1977 in Syria
with mandate to work in North Africa, West Asia, Central
Asia and non-tropical dry areas in the 1990s. The Centre is
supported by the CGIAR with three founding goals:
Enhance food security in developing countries
Reduce poverty
Protect natural resources (including water, bio-diversity,
and the protection of land from degradation)
ICARDA works with a tight focus on the problem
solving needs of poor farmers. Although global food
production has increased by 20 percent in the past decade,
food insecurity and poverty remain widespread, while the
natural resource base continues to decline.

STORAGE

Loading bulk solids with


explosive characteristics

by Henrik Frandsen, General Sales Manager, Cimbria

imbria Bulk Equipment has serviced


the dry bulk industry for decades,
focusing on the loading and
conveying of all kinds of industrial
bulk goods. The company has
therefore gained a vast experience
within industrial bulk handling. This
experience is constantly being put
to use in developing new solutions,
which meet the demands of authorities and users for functionality,
quality and environment friendly operation. The solutions have
been developed on the basis of a product range consisting of
various types of loading chutes for open and closed loading of
dry bulk materials into e.g. trucks, rail wagons, containers, ships
and for stockpiling. The loading chutes are sold under the brand
name Moduflex.
The company has an experienced, highly qualified workforce,
its own development and construction department and
modern production facilities that enable it to construct and
manufacture all of the solutions in accordance with the individual
requirements of each client. The loading chutes can be designed
to solve all kinds of loading tasks and manufactured either as
straightforward single equipment or complete systems for large
corporate projects.
However, Cimbria Bulk Equipment is not only recognised
as a dependable supplier of various transport equipment,
the company has also managed to distinguish themselves by
being acknowledged problem solvers with the ability to create
innovative solutions where particular customer requirements are
taken in account.
Membership of the Cimbria Group of Companies means that
Cimbria Bulk Equipment can draw on the expertise of the other
group members and provide complete solutions for the clients.

Handling explosive products

Dust is an important issue when handling various bulk solids

56 | Milling and Grain

such as grain, paper, plastics, sugar, wood or other organic


material, as it is the cause of many accidents in the work place.
Not only because of the dangerous effects on the human body
working in a dust laden area can have, but also more so because
the storing and handling of these products always contains a
high explosion risk that might cause destruction of buildings
and production equipment and in worse case scenarios - loss of
human life. However, in recent years, the increased focus on dust
emission with the implementation of the ATEX directive has
proven to have a preventative effect.
The correct design of transport equipment with regards to
limiting the dust emissions is particularly important. The
demands for explosion proof equipment imply that all supplied
mechanical parts and electrical components are specially
constructed for application in equipment installed in high
explosive risk areas. All precautions taken endeavour to create
a safe working environment. Beyond the direct improvement
of the working environment by bringing down the amount
of airborne dust, bringing down the amount of airborne
dust furthermore reduces the risk of creating an explosive
atmosphere outside of the transport equipment.

Meeting ATEX demands

Through the years, Cimbria Bulk Equipment has gained a


great deal of experience when it comes to supplying loading
and conveying equipment in compliance with all international
regulations. The company has a standard working policy to
insure that the supplied equipment is in compliance with the rules
laid down in the ATEX-directive. Not only are the assembled
parts scrutinised, but also the complete working unit where all
factors including the build-up of static electricity and surface
temperatures are taken into consideration.
Key words in connection with ATEX related equipment is
approval, marking and documentation, where the manufacturers
declaration plays a key role.
As part of the approval of the Cimbria Moduflex loading chutes,

is the compilation of a comprehensive technical dossier, which


contains considerations concerning health and safety aspects
relevant to the loading chutes in relation to the ATEX-directive.

Supply of solution for loading grain product into ships

Due to the factors mentioned above, Cimbria Bulk Equipment


has already supplied several Moduflex loading chutes
manufactured for plants where dust control, hygiene and
compliance with the ATEX-directive are absolute pre-requisite
for the delivery. Cimbria Moduflexs partner in Lithuania, Firma
Liucija, has most recently placed an order for a Moduflex loading
chute of the type V650F for loading grain into ships. The loading
chute is capable of loading up to 1200 m3/h. Due to the nature of
the product the loading chute is provided with explosion proof
components in accordance with the ATEX directives. The chutes
are equipped with 36 chute modules with antistatic strips that
give the chute an extended length of approx. 25,000 mm.
To ensure dust-free outloading into ships, the chute outlet is
equipped with a heavy duty dust-skirt in order to encapsulate
the dust arising when the product is falling onto the peak of the
product pile during the loading process. Two rotating indicators,
placed in the chute outlet, signal automatically hoisting of the
loading chute as the loading proceeds.
The chute is equipped with a cardan joint i.e. a conveying
boom with the ability to pivot up and down in conjunction
with the loading scenario. The cardan joint is designed for an
operational movement between 20 and +20 and a parking
angle of 20. The purpose of the cardan joint is to keep the
loading chute in a vertical position at all times. This can both be
in the loading situation, where, due to various ship sizes or due
to large differences in tidal water, there is a need for different
heights of the loading chute position. But it is also required in
the parking situation. It is clearly necessary to keep the loading
chute in a vertical position during loading to enable the correct
flow of the product, and to keep the wear factor on the inlet and
guide cones of the loading chute to a minimum. Apart from this,

without the cardan joint there would be an increased load on


one or two of the wires, too, which could eventually result in
damage to the chute.
The order follows a series of orders for Moduflex ship and
stockpiling loading chutes all designed to meet heavy-duty
requirements in terms of capacity and durability.

Loading solution for flour, Valsemoellen, Denmark

The Danish company Valsemoellen A/S is a member of


Abdon Mills, a family-owned Scandinavian mill group, with
600 employees worldwide. Valsemoellen produces grain and
flour products for industry, catering, bakeries and retail. The
Valsemoellen in Koege, Denmark, grinds grain 365 days a year,
24 hours a day, which means that good, reliable machinery is
required. As a result, Cimbria has delivered and installed a new
plant for reception of grain.
The new plant includes chain conveyors, bucket elevators,
baffle plate weigher, sampler, magnetic separator, Delta cleaner
and new pipework with a capacity of 100 t/h.
The plant in Kge grinds wheat and rye in particular, but also
other types of grain and species such as white wheat and spelt
are processed.
In connection with the installation of the new equipment
for grain reception, the company has taken the opportunity
to replace 3 existing loading chutes with newer models, i.e. 3
Moduflex type S300TSMJ loading chutes replacing Moduflex
loading chutes from 1992.
The Moduflex loading chutes are manufactured in accordance
with EU regulation no. 1935/04, and thus meet all requirements
concerning contact with foodstuffs.
Cimbria Bulk Equipment supplies dust-free chute systems through
a network of agents in more than 30 countries around the world.
Further information on Cimbria Bulk Equipment and the Cimbria
Group of companies can be obtained by accessing www.cimbria.
com or contacting the company at moduflex@cimbria.com.
April 2015 | 57

STORAGE
STORAGE

ELEVATE
CONVEY
&
The York M42-200 system

lobal Industries, Inc. announces release of York


higher capacity bucket elevator and incline conveyor.
Global Industries Inc, an internationally recognised
manufacturer of grain storage, handling and
conditioning products, has announced the release of the York
M42-200 bucket elevator. This new state-of-the-art system will
allow the York product line to have a 20,000 bushel-per-hour
elevator with a single row of buckets (20 x 8 LP at 7 spacing)
with a 42 pulley. A new trunking size was created (26 x 14) to
accomplish the new capacity.
Key Specifications:
- Capacity: 510 MTPH
- Buckets: 508 mm X 203 mm LP at 178 mm spacing
- Pulley Diameter: 1067 mm
- Trunking Size: 660 mm X 356 mm

needs of farmers and commercial customers in the US and around


the world.
The company operates a number of divisions that produce agrelated products that can work independently or in conjunction
with other Global division product lines.
MFS/York is a leading manufacturer of grain silos for both
farm and commercial applications, as well as offering a full
line of hopper tanks, bucket elevators and conveyor systems.
Additionally, the company offers materials handling products up
to 60,000 bph or 1500 mt/hr.
Hutchinson, another Global Industries, Inc. division, produces
a wide array of portable and belt conveyors, grain pump loop
systems, farm and commercial unloading equipment, chain and
paddle double run and en-masse conveyors a well as a variety of
tube, u-trough and feeder system augers

Global Industries, Inc.


announces release of
york higher capacity
bucket elevator and
incline conveyor

York ID/ID3336 Incline Conveyer

Additionally, York announced the addition of the ID/ID3336


(33 x 36) Incline Conveyer. The ID/IDC3336 has a capacity of
20,000 bushels-per-hour at 126 fpm and 25,000 bushels-per-hour
at 158 fpm, and features an adjustable inlet hopper as standard
and a splice on the return pan to prevent sagging both new
features to the York product line.
Key Specifications:
- Capacity: 544 MTPH at 0.64 m/s, 680 MTPH at 0.80 m/s
- Conveyor Size: 83.8 cam X 91.4 cm

Global Industries, Inc

Founded in 1996 in Grand Island, Nebraska, USA, Global


Industries, Inc. has evolved into a leading provider of grainrelated products and services, and prides itself as being a onestop resource for the grain storage, handling and conditioning
58 | Milling and Grain

York Bucket Elevator

Brownie Systems is the Global Industries division that


produces commercial grade catwalks, conveyor support systems
and leg support towers for grain and bulk handling uses, while
Globals Eclipse product line produces fully galvanised tower and
catwalk systems designed exclusively for farm and other light
duty applications.
Nebraska Engineering Company (NECO) is a specialised
agricultural equipment engineering and manufacturing company
that manufactures high-value grain dryers, grain handling, and
aeration equipment for agricultural customers worldwide.
Global Industries, Inc. and its divisions believe in using only
top quality materials, precision engineering and state-of-the-art
manufacturing facilities and processes to deliver their products
to market. All Global products are performance-tested and fieldproven to withstand the most demanding conditions.

STORAGE

Storage project
Woldgrain Storage initiate phase 3 of Project Valiant

by Abi Young, Perry of Oakley Ltd

oldgrain Storage based at Hemswell Airfield,


Lincolnshire was established in 1980 to store
grain on behalf of its founding members. The
original scheme had 20,000 tonne storage and
one dryer accompanied by 60tph handling equipment. The main
products that Woldgrain handle are oilseed rape, barley, wheat
and oats. Their expected throughput each year is between 85,000
tonnes and 100,000 tonnes.
With the success and an increase in membership in recent years
the capacity has been increased in stages to 57,000 tonnes of
ventilated storage with a total of 2 driers and 2 off 250tph intake
systems. Further increases in membership required extra facilities
hence Project Valiant Phase 3 has taken place.
Project Valiant Phase 3 comprised of a
further 26,000 tonnes of silo storage, carefully
arranged with varying size silos to fill in
several unused plots on the limited size site.
By initiating Project Valiant this represents
a further important step along the road to
achieving Woldgrains ultimate goal of a fully
developed store of 85,000 tonnes.
Over a number of years Perry of Oakley Ltd
have installed several machines at Woldgrain,
including conveyors that were used for filling
the original silos in 2012.
This year more new Perry of Oakley
machines were installed. These included a
250tph horizontal chain & flight conveyor
intake, a 100tph and a 250tph horizontal
chain & flight conveyor, a 100tph curved
combination chain & flight conveyor, a 100tph
and a 250tph belt & bucket elevator, screw
dischargers & screw conveyors and an M618
80tph grain drier with PLC control panel.

60 | Milling and Grain

Woldgrain is now able to intake up to 750tph and boasts


1 Perry drier, 7 Perry screw conveyors / bin dischargers, 34
Perry industrial specification conveyors, 2 curve combination
industrial specification conveyors and 4 industrial specification
elevators.
All of Perrys conveyors are made from durable, heavy duty
galvanised steel and are available from 3 different ranges. The
agricultural range is capable of capacities of up to 60tph, the
heavy duty agricultural range is capable of up to 120tph and the
industrial range will comfortably cope with up to 600tph. With the
3 ranges available this enables Perry to tailor each machine to suit
the customers needs, this has included the machines installed for
Woldgrain.
The new 80tph drier installed at Woldgrain
is controlled using Perrys drier PLC panel
is a 12 touch screen control panel that is
simple to use and easy to follow. It has been
designed & programmed in house and each
panel is customised to each drier that is
sold. There are over 70 alarms and messages
allowing you to understand quickly and
easily what is happening in your drier.
When the panel is connected to the internet
text messages and emails can be sent to set
numbers and addresses to give regular status
reports on the drying process.
John Burnett, MD of Woldgrain, said:
Perry supplied conveyors for filling the
original silos in 2012 uprating from 60tph
to 100tph. These have performed very well,
they are a quality product at a competitive
price and the service and technical back up
has been very good when required.
www.perryofoakley.co.uk

www.symaga.com
symaga@symaga.com

Quality of Catwalks and Supports


increased with 600 g/m2 galvanization

Visit us:
SIAM

23rd April - 05th May,


Meknes, Morocco

Offices and Factory:


Ctra. de Arenas km. 2,300
13210 Villarta de San Juan Ciudad Real- Spain
T: +34 926 640 475 F: +34 926 640 294
Madrid Office:
C/ Azcona, 37 28028 Madrid - Spain
T: +34 91 726 43 04 F: +34 91 361 15 94

SIPSA

14 - 27th May,
Argel, Argelia

GRAINTECH

28 -30 th May
Dhaka, Bangladesh

Storage News

Sweet Manufacturing Company


celebrating its 60th Anniversary

weet Manufacturing Company is proud to be


celebrating its 60th anniversary of manufacturing
The Quality Line of bulk material handling
equipment.
W. Dean Sweet in Springfield, Ohio, where the company
still proudly calls home today, founded Sweet in 1955. The
company originally set out to provide positive change to the
agricultural industry. Now 60 years later, Sweet is still a
family oriented company that has the reputation for integrity,
innovation, heavy-duty superiorly crafted products made with
USA prime steel and premium components, and unparalleled
customer service to the agricultural, feed, aggregates, wood,
industrial and biofuels markets.
During the 1960s, Sweet made two introductions that
Alicia Sweet Hupp

became lasting and integral parts of the company today.


First, Sweet introduced something new to the industry at the
time and still in place today, the use of galvanized steel in
the manufacturing process. Customers appreciated the rust
and corrosion resistant qualities obtained, along with longer
life and reduced maintenance required for Sweet equipment.
Second, Sweet introduced a young girl as Miss Sweet in the
marketing brochures for the Sweetheart elevator buckets.
That young girl was the founders daughter, Alicia Sweet.
62 | Milling and Grain

After graduating
from Wittenberg
University, Alicia joined the Sweet team as Advertising
Coordinator. She then spent several years in various
departments throughout the organisation. In 1996, W. Dean
Sweet named Alicia as President. After 32 years of service, she
continues to serve as President and Chief Executive Officer at
the company today.
Today, Sweets premium products can be found in more than
55 countries around the world. The company is committed to
not only maintain its heritage core values rooted in integrity and
trust, but also to continue to look to the future by expanding both
domestically and internationally. Our vision is to be the worlds first
choice provider of material handling solutions. This is supported
by Sweets investments in new equipment to ensure that they
continuously improve the efficiency of their manufacturing process.
Additionally, Sweet has received the Award for Excellence in HotDip Galvanizing and has been recognized three times by Ohios
Governor for Excellence in Exporting for having made a strong
commitment to the international markets. Sweet has bi-lingual staff,
marketing materials and website, project design layout assistance
and strives to provide end users with the worlds finest products
and service through its partnership with their world class dealer and
reseller network.
Alicia Sweet Hupp recently offered the following comments
to company employees and dealers: My father would be so
proud of our success and equally thankful for your loyal service.
As we celebrate our 60th anniversary, we should reflect on and
learn from our past and plan for our exciting future. We need to
focus each and every day on excellence and what we do the best,
which is manufacture material handling equipment that is built
to last. We should strive to deliver on our company mission to
provide innovative quality solutions that create an extraordinary
customer experience and remember to be easy to do business
with. The words of my father back in 1970 still hold true today:
We are not content to bask in past achievements. Rather, we
shall continue to design, engineer and manufacture the finest,
highest quality material handling equipment.

DESIGN
BUILD

Norwood and Company

EXPAND
With four generations of experience in the grain, feed,
flour milling and wood industries our family would be
more than happy to help you design, build, repair or
expand any new or existing grain facilities
We also offer a large variety of new and
used grain equipment to help meet your needs
norwood_hp.indd 1

REPAIR
Contact us on:
Fred Norwood, President; Tel: +1 405 834 2043
Brandon Norwood, Vice President; Tel: +1 785 822 4109

www.norwoodandco.com
10/02/2015 17:30

April 2015 | 63

GEAPS leaders
reflect on successful
Exchange 2015
Exchange 2015 was a huge success, said Matt
Kerrigan, Bunge North America, GEAPS
International president. It was our second
largest conference with 3,215 attendees from
31 countries. We had 35 hours of educational
programming presented by 55 speakers and

the Expo saw 354 exhibitors fill nearly 200,000


square feet of space.

s impressive as the numbers are,


the most important measure of
success is the feedback we have
received from participants. Both
new attendees and Exchange
veterans found a tremendous
amount of value in the
conversations they had networking
with other attendees, in the number
and diversity of the exhibitors in the Expo and the education
sessions on emerging trends and technology. Exchange keeps
growing every year, and it is because GEAPS places such an
emphasis on providing quality in every aspect of the conference.

Future for the industry/show

Exchange 2016 will be in Austin, Texas, said Jeff Roumph,


WD Patterson Co. Inc., Associates Board president. We look
forward to offering more of everything that made this years
64 | Milling and Grain

conference so successful. Next years Expo will be the largest


ever, with more space and more exhibitors. We already sold out
the original contracted space, and are in the process of adding
more exhibit space, up to 250,000 square feet of total space. We
made some changes to accommodate more large-scale booths,
which should give exhibitors more options for hands-on displays.
As the show grows, so does the variety. We have a number of
companies that have exhibited at Exchange for more than 40
years, and this year we saw 30 new companies exhibiting for the
first time. There is always something new to see.
GEAPS is also hard at work expanding the other facets of
the show, said Allan Tedrow, McCormick Construction Co.,
Exchange Educational Programming Committee chair. The
Exchange Educational Programming Committee is already
gathering ideas for next years sessions, including new processing
education sessions. As the show grows, we look forward to
offering more operations solutions in the Expo, more education
for more sectors of the grain industry and more networking
opportunities for attendees in Kansas City in 2017 and Denver in
2018.

What the general feeling was from the exhibitors and


attendees

The feedback we have received is very positive, Kerrigan


said. Even though the show has grown tremendously in recent
years, we had shorter lines at registration thanks to a new
badge-on-demand system. Our educational programming was
well attended and well received and covered a broad range of
emerging trends and technologies. In the Expo, we heard from
both new and returning exhibitors that the show provided a
tremendous amount of value and traffic.

Awards that were presented

Industry Leader Award George Kornstad, retired


GEAPS Industry Leader award honors individuals who have
made extraordinary contributions to the advancement of grain

OVER 50 YEARS OF ENGINEERING SOLUTIONS


Sukup Manufacturing Co. continues to Engineer Solutions to meet the challenges of
the grain industry. As the worlds fastest-growing bin company we offer commercial bins
with clear span roofs and holding capacities up to 1.5 million bushels. We also have
a complete line of drying, storage, and material handling products, as well as steel
buildings - all engineered to revolutionize grain processing and storage, making it
easier, more efficient, and more profitable.
Sukup Manufacturing Co. www.sukup.com info@sukup.com Sheffield, Iowa 50475-0677 641-892-4222

F
handling operations in the areas of safety, health, environmental
responsibility, efficiency or excellence in stored-grain quality
management.
GEAPS Lifetime member George Kornstad received the award
for his dedication to the grain industry in the U.S. and overseas.
He started his career at the Continental Grain Company in 1966,
and was an elevator superintendent at OSHAs first inspection
of an elevator. In 1993, he accepted a position with the Citizens
Network for foreign Affairs and spent four years living in
Moscow. During that time, he built small grain storage units
at 57 sites in Russia and Ukraine. He then went to work on a
state-of-the-art export unloading elevator in the Mediterranean
Sea in Alexandria, Egypt. After retiring in 2003 and returning to
the U.S., Kornstad continued his global service to the industry
by teaching proper grain storage practices for U.S. AID-funded
companies in Russia, Bulgaria, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and
Afghanistan.

Corbett Award Steve Schmitt, TE Ibberson Co

Steve Schmitt, TE Ibberson Co., received the Corbett Award,


which is the highest honor for distinguished volunteer leadership
in representing the best interests of Associate members in the
pursuit of GEAPS core purpose and envisioned future.
After filling multiple roles for his chapters, Schmitt was
encouraged to extend his volunteer leadership to the Associates
Board, where he was elected and served as a director from
2006-2008, secretary for 2008-2009, vice president in 20092010 and president for 2010-2011. Schmitt valued the leadership
experience he gained on the board and emphasised the need to
recruit strong board leaders to make the decisions that help the
organisation grow and meet the needs of members.

International Member of Distinction Tim Sullivan,


West Central

GEAPS International Member of Distinction is bestowed on a


member who has made extraordinary contributions to advancing
GEAPS core purpose and values. Tim Sullivan, West Central,
was recognised for his continuous contributions over the last
32 years in leadership roles for GEAPS at the chapter and
international levels.
Sullivans career started with a small contractor out of college,
before he moved on to Farmers Cooperative Company for
23 years and then to West Central where he currently works.
Sullivan has built his career and reputation on the pursuit of
excellence and reliability in grain operations. Throughout his
career he has enjoyed collaborating with the high quality industry
experts he met through GEAPS and acquiring many lasting
friendships along the way.
Sullivan served as chapter president from 1985-1986, and
has served on a number of International committees. He was
a part of the original GEAPS Grades and Weights committee,
subsequently a joint committee with the National Grain and Feed
Association that addressed emerging operational and regulatory
issues with the US Department of Agriculture Federal Grain
Inspection Service.
He also served on the Membership committee, Exchange
Educational Programming committee and the Facility Design
Conference task force.
From his chapter and committee work Sullivan was elected to
serve as a director on the International board from 2002-2005
before being named treasurer. He served as treasurer from 20052011, and then continued to serve as an International director for
2011-2012.

T u r n k ey
Feed Mill
Systems

w w w. y e m t a r. c o m
66 | Milling and Grain

600 Evler Mah. Balikesir Asfalt Sol Taraf Cad.


No:65 BANDIRMA / BALIKESR / TURKEY
P(+90)266 733 85 50 | F(+90)266 733 85 54

Industry profile

Zagro

Supporting traceable and sustainable


nutrition right to your doorstep

agro is a leading manufacturer and distributor of


animal health, crop care and public health products
in the Asia Pacific. Starting off as a division under
the prestigious Swiss-based Zuellig Group in
1953, the company was brought to public on the
Singapore Stock Exchange in 1996. Over the years it has proven
to be one of the leading industry players catering to the needs of
farmers and offering the most innovative and value for money
agrisolutions all year round.
Zagros Animal Health division has dictated and expedited the
need for improved quality and productivity. Our business caters
to the needs and healthcare of livestock, poultry and aquatic
animals. It manufactures and distributes a wide range of nutrition
and protection products to ensure that these animals are protected
and given the essential nutrition for growth. The workflow,
health environment and safety of our production facilities
are continually studied and enhanced as all these inevitably
contribute to higher productivity.
As a premix manufacturer, Zagro caters specifically to the
animals needs with customised formulations developed by a
team of dedicated veterinarians and animal nutritionists. The wide
range of Zagromix and Anavite vitamin and mineral premixes
are specifically designed to meet the requirements of different
species of animals. Each formula is carefully formulated to
achieve animals optimum growth, reproduction and production
performance.
Apart from the wide product range of Zagromix and Anavite
premixes, Zagro also offers customised formulations to address
the specific needs of its clients. It allows clients to adjust the
premixes according to their animals specific requirements and to
their target performance instead of adding their specific needs on
their own.
The strength of Zagro vitamin and mineral premixes is that
these are all manufactured under stringent quality assurance
program together with good manufacturing practices. The
manufacturing plant uses a Forberg fluidized zone mixing system
that ensure homogeneity of premixes, auto dosing micro bins
and modern and computerised facilities by Buhler that assures
better mixing efficiency. All raw materials are obtained from preapproved suppliers and have gone through quality analysis before
being used in production. All raw materials are also well stored
as per each advised regulated-storage conditions. Furthermore,
stringent quality assurance is carried out daily by a team of
laboratory specialists from Pacific Lab Services, the laboratory
arm of Zagro which performs a comprehensive range of tests for
different needs.
Zagro quality control adheres to standards from raw materials to
production process to finished products until goods delivery. This
guarantees that each premix nutritional value can be traced and be

68 | Milling and Grain

sustainable, thus, ensuring the written requirements to reach the


farm as available nutrients for the animals.
Being dedicated in maintaining the highest level of productivity
and services, our premixes production facilities have been
awarded the following certifications: ISO 9001 and ISO
22000 (by UKAS) inclusive of HACCP Certification and in
conformance to GMP requirement, and FAMI-QS Code of
Practice for Feed Additives and Premixture Operations. These
achievements demonstrate our commitment to meeting our
customers ever growing demand for the highest level of product
and service quality.
Envisioning itself to be the global leader one day, Zagro is on its
way to building long-term solutions to an ever-increasing demand
for higher quality products at affordable prices. Furthermore
it entails itself to leave a mark of excellence in the eyes of its
customers. The company remains steadfast and faithful to its
philosophy of delivering consistent Agrisolutions to farmers all
over the world. Simply put, Total Customer Satisfaction at its
best!

VIV Asia 2015


- Plant tour, happy hour and dinner

Concurrent with VIV Asia 2015, the company decided to


hold an invitational plant tour and dinner at the fully fitted
Zagro Thailand Limited office located at 6/6 Moo 4, RangsitNakornnayok Road Bueng Ytho, Thanyaburi Pathumthani,
Thailand.
Guests took a tour around the vicinity of the warehouse and
the newly developed office. They were showed the facilities
such as guest rooms, auditorium, the bar, gym and the garden.
A brief history about the amenities was shared to show guests
the inspiration behind the concept of the structures.
Business partners and guests from India, Pakistan,
Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Taiwan,
Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia,
Egypt, UAE and Morocco
gathered together to celebrate this
milestone. Guests were welcomed
and entertained by Thai Cultural
dancers and delectable local
cuisines were served.

F CASE STUDY

Project
Valiant
Quick turn-around
for
CASE STUDY

road-mobile unloaders

Woldgrain Storage initiate phase 3


of Project Valiant
Siwertell
ship
unloaders
and
by
Abi young,
Perry
of Oakley Ltd
loaders are based on unique
screw conveyor technology, in
combination with belt conveyors
and aeroslides and can handle
virtually any dry bulk cargo,
including grains

wo orders for Siwertell road-mobile


unloaders is of note for the grain industry.
One order has gone to Saudi Arabia
while the other is headed to India.
While not destined for handling grain on
this occasion, the two orders show the
diversity of the mobile system. Siwertell,
part of Cargotec, has supplied the first
road-mobile unloader to the cement
division of the Rashed Al-Rashed and Sons Group in Saudi Arabia.
The unloader had already been built at Siwertell ABs premises
in Bjuv, Sweden and was delivered out in March, just over two
months after the order was placed.
The Siwertell diesel powered 5000S road-mobile unloader is
equipped with a dust filter and double bellows system to allow
seamless, uninterrupted bulk material transfer to trucks or wagons.
It will operate in the Port of Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,
unloading at 250tonnes/hour.
Jrgen Ojeda, Director of Siwertell mobile unloaders, said the
customer selected a screw-type road-mobile unloader because it
best suited the companys needs and chose a Siwertell unit because
it is ranked the best among similar products.
Siwertells range of mobile unloaders has a number of
advantages in addition to the obvious one of mobility, says Mr
Ojeda.
They offer high capacity from a small footprint. Extremely clean
operations result in an excellent working environment and no loss
70 | Milling and Grain

A road-mobile unloader in action.

Photo courtesy of Siwertell

of material. Maintenance costs are low, while the continuous nature


of screw-type unloading coupled with the double bellows system
ensures excellent through-the-ship performance.
The second order is for a 10,000S road-mobile unloader going to
an undisclosed customer, in India at the end of this month.

Unique technology

Siwertell ship unloaders and loaders are based on unique screw


conveyor technology, in combination with belt conveyors and
aeroslides and can handle virtually any dry bulk cargo, including
grains. Siwertells product portfolio includes ship unloaders,
mobile ship unloaders, ship loaders, conveying systems and
complete bulk terminal solutions, all of which are designed to
ensure environmentally-friendly and efficient cargo operations.
Siwertell is part of Cargotec. Cargotecs sales totalled EUR 3.4
billion in 2014 and employs approximately 11,000 people.
www.cargotec.com - www.siwertell.com

CASE STUDY
Do you have a project that you would like to see
featured in the pages on Milling and Grain?
Share your project news with the
world, by contacting Olivia Holden
(oliviah@perendale.co.uk)

CONFERENCE

Global Milling Conference

with

grapas 2015

Cologne Exhibition Halls, Cologne, Germany

June 11, 2015

A one-day conference for our, rice and cereal


millers.
Hear keynote speakers address topics of relevance
to todays milling industry. Make your plan now
to join us on Thursday June 11, 2015 in Cologne,
Germany.
Covering: Flour and Rice Milling Technology /
Storage and Handling Systems / Quality Control

Sessio

Nutritin 2 - 13:00-1
on / Mi
5
lling T:00
echno
- Flo

Sesio

Food Sn 1- 10:00afety / 12:00


Qualit
- Tr
yC

Three two-hour sessions:


Food Safety /Quality Control
Nutrition / Milling Technology
Markets / Storage / Handling
Visit the GRAPAS International Exhibition at
the Cologne Exhibition Halls from June 9-11,
2015 and wrap up your visit by attending the
one-day Global Milling with GRAPAS Conference
on Thursday, June 11 at the show grounds. GRAPAS
International is a co-located exhibition with Victam
International 2015 and FIAAP International 2015.

10am - 5pm

aining
ontrol
qualifie - The ben
e
d
f
its fro
staff
- Re
m
g
- H ulations
eat tr
eatme
nts

logy
ur For
malnut tification - M
il
r
le
it
io
r
s fightin
n
- Fib
g
re, Pro
Challen tein and Glu
t
g
en-Fre
es for
- De
ehum
aling w
ith cus an consump
t
tomer
compla ion
ints

Sessio

Marketn 3 - 15:00-1
7
s / Stor
age / H:00
- H
and

ling
arvest
Report
wheat
S
o
ft
supply
and ha
- Th
from t
rd
eR
- Mil oller Mill Re he USA
volutio
ling 24
Experie /7 - A Miller n
s
nce

ons.
ited to sponsor sessi
- Companies are inv
y
nit
rtu
po
op
ils
ip
ta
rsh
de
Sponso
for more
rg@perendale.co.uk
Please contact roge

Also at the event - see the presentat

ion of the annual GRAPAS award for

75/full day or 30/session


Registration for the conference will open
on March 1, 2015 at: www.gfmt.co.uk/grapas15
Visitor information for the events can be found at

http://www.victam.com/?i=260

innovation

MARKETS OUTLOOK
Grain prices bounce as surplus starts to shrink

by John Buckley

Traders are still


debating how far
this years Russian
wheat crop will
decline after a dry
start, a higher risk
of frost damage and
difficulty financing
spring sowings. A
10-15m tonne fall
would probably
encourage the
government to keep
some sort of controls
on exports, probably
an extension of this
seasons temporary
duty

72 | Milling and Grain

Grain prices have steadied in recent weeks after their long drop amid further signs that 2015/16
supplies will be less loose than this seasons - if not exactly tight by historical comparison.
Several factors support this view. In the wheat market, analysts are looking for a decline in
this years Russian, Ukrainian and European crops, possibly the USAs too (less sown, more
winterkill, droughts etc). As we go to press the trade is also getting excited about a possible
major flood loss for Indias crop (the worlds second largest wheat producer and consumer).
How much may wheat production decline? The UN Food & Agriculture Organisation recently
suggested the next crop could still get to 720m tonnes just 7m short of last years record.
That might seem a bit optimistic given all the above factors (more detail on those below). The
International Grains Council meanwhile offered a preliminary assessment of 709m (it remains
more conservative on last years too at 719m) while the Canadian Wheat has just come out with
the lowest estimate of just 703.4m (versus last years 724.8m).
But does the world actually need another 720m tonnes-plus harvest? Probably not. Last years
consumption, after all, was estimated at less than 715m, resulting in a 10m tonne stock buildup
that will help cushion the impact of a smaller 2015 crop.
Until recently, that 2014/15 surplus had been weighing heavily on prices which hit five year
lows last autumn and recently seemed to be heading back in that direction again. Can we expect
another season of consumption growth pacing last years 10m tonnes (mainly in animal feeds)?
The IGC projects a mere 3m tonnes increase in next seasons total wheat consumption at 711m
which would reduce ending stocks by just 2m tonnes (from this years 198m. Its possible if
maize competition in feeds recedes a little (again, see below) and wheat prices are competitive
enough. If not, then wheat markets may be more or less in balance or need only a modest stock
drawdown. None of this is the stuff that bull markets are made of.
While the direction winter wheat output is taking is becoming a bit easier to pin down now,
most of the key spring wheat crops had yet to be sown as we went to press. Agriculture Canada
recently estimated a similar area to last years for its own spring wheat crop (the bulk of its
annual wheat harvest) while the countrys Wheat Board sees the total crop down from 29.3m to
28.7m tonnes. The EU is also expected to so somewhat less than last year. Russia and Ukraine,
whose winter wheat crops appeared to be floundering from the word go, would normally be
expected to make up expected any losses to these with more spring sown crops. But, as detailed
in our earlier reviews, both are under considerable financing restraints from their weak currencies
(expensive input) and credit difficulties (including soaring interest rates).
So how low might this years Russian wheat crop
go? The government has recently reiterated its view
that the total grain crop can make 100m tonnes
(versus last years 105.3m), maybe a couple of million
more as some winter crops came through in better
shape than expected earlier. That, western observers
say, would imply wheat around 55m tonnes. However,
not everyone agrees, give that the countrys ag
ministry recently estimated winter losses of almost
17% of the crop while acknowledging that 9% of
what did come through was in poor shape. Consultant
Sovecon suggests the grain total (including spring
planted crops) could be in a range of 85m to 92m
tonnes, with wheat contributing somewhere between
47m and 53m. Even lower forecasts have been aired
(75-78m grain total) although these are worst case
scenarios that are probably too pessimistic now.
Meanwhile, due to their recent export controls, both
Russia and Ukraine will have larger wheat stocks

to carry into the new season (about 6m more tha last year in
total). Both can therefore be expected to maintain a fairly active
presence on the world markets but probably nowhere near the
record levels of recent years. The CWB suggests both Russian
and Ukrainian wheat exports will drop by about 12% to 17.4m
and 9.7m tonnes respectively. It also sees Canadian wheat exports
falling by 11% to under 21m tonnes but expects the EU and US
to take up much of the slack with higher exports of Europes
rising t a new record 32.35m and the USAs from 24.5m to 27.6m
tonnes. (These are all interestingly precise forecasts for this early
stage in the year and, as in most years past, will doubtless be open
to a fair amount of revision as the season unfolds)
Europes wheat crop is expected to decline in terms of both area
and yield. Some early estimates had the total, including durum,
3m to 5m tonnes below last years giant 155m tonne harvest.
More recently, grain trader lobby COCERAL came out with a
10m tonne drop for soft milling wheat at 138.6m tonnes. The
EUs own crop forecasting unit MARS sees soft wheat yields
dropping by 4.8% to an average 5.29 tonnes per hectare. Dryness
has become a bit of a concern in Germany, the Czech republic and
Poland. German yields alone are seen dropping by 11.7% while
Hungary and Rumania are also expected to yield significantly less
than last year .
That supplies in the EU will still be more than comfortable is
underlined by the fact that (a) the EU will also carry in over 5m
tonnes more stocks this season than last and (b) various observers
including the EU Commission think these will actually rise again

in 2015/16 (even with another year of record exports) to a 10-year


high of around 19.5/20m tonnes. Again, that hardly seems a recipe
for higher wheat prices going into the new season that starts in
July.
That said, the major northern hemisphere wheat exporters crops
include a fair proportion of as yet unsown spring wheat and the
entire crop still has to reach harvest and get safely in the bins.
How do the markets view this set-up influence forward wheat
costs? The CBOT futures market has current cash wheat prices
just under $5 per bushel about $184/tonne. For mid-2016 it
predicts prices 10% higher at around $5.50 ($202/t) and for
those who want to ponder the more speculative 2017 view, it
has starting prices of $5.67 softening by mid-year to $5.62/bu

April 2015 | 73

J_qp_new.indd 1

($206). The EUs own milling wheat futures market has


recently been trading 185/190/tonne, quoting similar
prices well into 2016 and a fairly modest 5/tonne
premium into mid-2017. While futures often get the
price revelation wrong (they tended to predict higher
rather than the lower prices that actually developed for
the last couple of seasons) the current price structure at
least confirms that most participants are fairly relaxed
about the forward outlook for wheat supplies.
Less maize this year
The key question emerging for the maize market in the season
ahead is not whether but by how much will the global surplus
fall? Some early markers have already been put down by the
International Grains Council looking for a potential drop
in 2015/16 production from 990m to 941m tonnes while the
Canadian Wheat Board saw a smaller decline to 973.5m tonnes.
While technically counted as 2014/15 crops, the South
American harvests for the current season have still to be resolved
with planting only recently completed for the Argentine crop
and, as we went to press, still underway for Brazils second or
Safrinha crop the part that determines its export supply and
thus its impact on the world maize market. At this stage, both
countries are expected to produce rather more than the USDA
predicted in March (75m for Brazil and 23.5m for Argentina).
Both have only just got into marketing these crops, discounting

Die and roll re-working machines

www.oj-hojtryk.dk
Phone: +45 75 14 22 55
Fax: +45 82 28 91 41
mail: info@oj-hojtryk.dk

74 | Milling and Grain

O&J Hjtryk A/S


rnevej 1, DK-6705
Esbjerg
CVR.: 73 66 86 11

23/01/2015 14:51

the US price by about $8 to $10 per tonne and, along with last
years record US and (though down) still relatively large CIS
crops, helping to keeping the world export cost of maize at
relatively cheap levels compared with recent past years.
During early April, all eyes were on the US planting intentions
report from the USDA its first survey-based forecast for the
new season. The trade had been expecting US maize area to fall
by 2m to 3m acres from last years 90.6m. On top of that a repeat
of that crops record (171bu/acre) yield was also thought unlikely.
In the event the USDA forecast a decline in area of just 1.4m
acres which, along with a higher than expected estimate for US
March stocks immediately sent US prices lower. The effect might
be short-lived, however, as current wet conditions in the US
southern states are holding up early planting and making a switch
to soyabeans which can be planted later more likely in this
region. So does the corn/soya price ratio which has increasingly
favoured the latter crop.
EU maize putput is expected by COCERAL, the grain trade
lobby, to drop 10% to 66m tonnes from last years 74m. Within
the CIS countries, tight finance and weak currencies boosting
input costs are also expected to lower maize planting and
production. As we go to press, the Ukrainian consultant APK
Inform is forecasting its crop will decline by almost 15% to24.3m
tonnes. On the face of it, all this points to a smaller world maize
crop in 2015 but how much smaller? Estimates range from a
30m to a 40m tonnes drop or more. But against that have to be
counted this seasons larger carryout stocks
Based on its global maize forecast for 2015/16, the IGC has
calculated a potential drop in world carryover stocks for the new
season of about 20m tonnes to 171m. That sounds quite a fall but
it would still leave them at their third highest level since Y2K
hardly a signal for runaway maize prices.
Global feed demand for maize, the largest single outlet, is
expected to show an increase of just over 24m tonnes for the
current season, ending August 31 compared with 55.4m in
2013/14. That suggests other uses are more or less stagnating
after a 33m tonne increase in these sectors in the previous season.
A large chunk of that is clearly down to the dramatic slowdown
in growth of corn ethanol production amid the collapsing price of
crude mineral oil.
Recent maize price trends have been erratic, waiting on more
concrete new crop pointers and subject to fund money ebbing
and flowing in tandem with macro-economic factors like the
strength of the US diollar, the weakness of the euro and attempts
to rally the collapsed price of crude oil. These factors seem likely
to continue creating volatility into second half 2015.
PROTEINS soya surplus keeps on growing
Given the unprecedented weight of supplies overhanging the
soyabean market, its slightly surprising that prices have held up

MILLERS

GATEWAY OPENING TO THE WORLD

23-26 April 2015


Istanbul Expo Center
(CNR Expo) Halls: 1-2-3
6th International Flour, Semolina, Rice, Corn,
Bulghur, Feed Milling Machinery & Pulse,
Pasta, Biscuit Technologies Exhibition

Parantez
Fair

www.idma.com.tr

THIS EXHIBITION IS HELD WITH THE PERMISSION OF THE UNION OF CHAMBERS AND
COMMODITY EXCHANGES OF TURKEY (TOBB) PURSUANT TO THE LAW NUMBERED AS 5174

104/105m tonnes. Thats 3m to 4m under last years which was


about 10m larger than combined export and domestic crush needs.
Weather permitting, then, the soya surplus goes on through late
2015 when attention will turn back to the next Latin American
crops.
Accounting for about half the worlds oilseeds and over two
thirds of global oilmeal production, amply- supplied soya will
remain the main influence on the smaller oilseed/meal markets,
whose supplies are expected to tighten somewhat this season.
Rapeseed output is expected to drop mainly in the EU and CIS
countries. Sunflowerseed crops are expected to decline within
both Russia and Ukraine. Nonetheless the global oilseed market
will remain in huge surplus and the large stocks of soya carried
from one season to the next will be available to crush for more
meal if the market demands it.
All this spells a fairly placid, possibly cheaper meal market
ahead in dollar terms at least. For consumers within the
Euro-zone, the equation is spoiled by the weakness of the single
currency, constantly offsetting price declines in supplier markets.

KEY FACTORS AHEAD

as well as they have in the last couple of months. Partly thats


been down to some delays in the harvest and marketing of South
American crops, exacerbated by some transport strikes in Brazil
and some threatened farmer/port stoppages in Argentina too. That
has kept demand for US soyabeans strong at a point in the season
when this really should be tailing off in favour of the South
American suppliers. However, barring some cataclysmic US
weather upset in the weeks and months ahead, this is really only
delaying the eventual, inevitable, price response to the supply
outlook.
If anything, there may be even more soyabeans to dispose of
than we expected back in February. Now that the Latin America
crops are well into harvest (which is almost over in the main
Brazilian producer states), stellar yields have been encouraging
some observers to go for a higher regional crop estimate.
To recap on 2014/15 supply, the US crop soared by 16.6m
tonnes, Brazils is seen up by 8.5m and Argentinas by at least 2m
(but now, probably more like 4m tonnes). So world production
increases by 31/33m tonnes or over 11% - maybe even more.
Global crush on the other hand, is seen rising by only 13m tonnes,
the remainder mostly added to stocks carried into the 2015/16
season that starts in September. These, not surprisingly, will be
record high at around 90m tonnes, so a world awash with soya is
moving from prediction to reality.
In late March, the USDA released a slightly lower estimate for
this years US planted acreage at 84.6m versus trade expectations
of 85.9m but still up on last years 83.7m and a new record
high. Many US analysts still think this under-rates what farmers
will actually sow. Assuming normal weather, planted/harvest area
ratios and trend-line yield, it extrapolates to a potential crop of
76 | Milling and Grain

WHEAT
Traders are still debating how far this years Russian wheat
crop will decline after a dry start, a higher risk of frost damage
and difficulty financing spring sowings. A 10-15m tonne fall
would probably encourage the government to keep some sort
of controls on exports, probably an extension of this seasons
temporary duty. Ukraine may also be a more cautious seller
if its crop declines somewhat as expected. Both at least have
larger stocks to carry into 2015/16 but Russia particularly may
want to conserve more of these until its domestic food price
inflation (and its troubled economy) settles down. A smaller
role played by Russia and Ukraine in the world wheat export
market wouldnt mean tight supplies but it would keep prices
off the floor set by these two traditionally cheap sellers in
recent years.
Condition ratings for the key US winter wheat crop are not
great but at last better than last years. That suggests better
yields to compensate for a slightly lower planted area. The
total US wheat crop size wont reach the levels seen in the past
but given importers increasing preference for other, cheaper
origins, it should be adequate to meet demand.
European crops are mostly looking good, especially the key
French crop, which could set a new record. Some analysts
even see the EU wheat total approaching last years all-time
peak (versus a 5m to 7m tonne drop expected earlier). Along
with large carryover stocks, this spells an abundant EU wheat
supply to meet both domestic and export needs although, as
always, the summer months will decide how much of it comes
up to adequate milling specifications.
Among the other key exporters, Canada expects to sow a
similar crop to last years. Right now, its spring planting
weather will be the key to success. Australia meanwhile seems
to be getting some needed rains just in time before its main
planting season.
World stocks of wheat carried into 2015/16 remain hefty, a
cushion against any crop weather problems in the months
ahead.

The drop in wheat values close to or, for some farmers below,
cost of production remains an issue that may affect future
sowing plans.
Global feed consumption of wheat is expected to rise by about
9m tonnes this season, if remaining below the high levels of
three years ago. But will ethanol use of wheat reach expected
levels in Europe under the low oil-price scenario?

than expected demand for these products in countries developing


livestock production systems China, India, Indonesia etc.
Developed consumers like the USA may also use more as high
meat prices contribute to profitability. Fortunately for consumers
worldwide, the supply outlook remains good.
The slowdowns and reversals seen in global rapeseed and
sunflower crop expansions in the past year are likely to be
extended in 2015. However, as oil-rich oilseeds these will
have less impact on the meal sector which will take its main
cue, as usual, from the all-powerful soyabean market.
That suggests soya meal will raise its already dominant share
of the protein market. As the high-protein, reliable quality
product too, soya will hopefully continue to force price
restraint across the meal sector.

COARSE GRAINS
How much maize will the US sow in 2015? Current forecasts
suggest a cutback but still enough for another large crop which,
with large carryover stocks from 2014, should keep this market
well-supplied.
Ukrainian and Russian maize crops will decline this year but
F/V/G(Island):2015 28/10/14 09:46 Page 1
remain very large by comparison
with the previous decade,
keeping Ukraine especially in
the van of international export
competition.
Along with ample maize
supplies from Latin America,
this should maintain the more
competitive global export market
for maize that weve seen in
recent years maybe not at quite
the same frenetic pace but still
likely to demand some restrainr
from world maize prices.
A record domestic maize crop
has enabled EU consumers to
slash imports this season the
main factor in a lower global
maize trade. A smaller 2015 crop
may affect demand patterns here.
9 11 JUNE 2015 COLOGNE EXHIBITION HALLS, COLOGNE, GERMANY
Competition for coarse grain
custom has continued from large
feed wheat and adequate barley
supplies, helping to contain
livestock feeders costs.
How much maize will the US
ethanol industry use if the price
Feed Ingredients
Feed Production Machinery
Flour Milling Technology
of crude oil does stay on the
Nutrition
Ancillary Equipment
Storage & Handling Systems
floor?
Additives
Formulation
Quality Control
China has contained its
Specialist conferences:
For further information please contact:
potentially large maize imports
 The FIAAP Conference 2015
Victam International BV
with a switch to sorghum in the
 Petfood Forum Europe 2015
PO Box 197, 3860 AD Nijkerk, The Netherlands
process stimulating key supplier,
 The IFF Feed Conference 2015
T: ++31 (0)33 246 4404
 Aquafeed Horizons International 2015
F: ++31 (0)33 246 4706 E: expo@victam.com
the USA, to grow more this year.
 Global Milling Conference with
China is also using a lot more
Free online visitor registration is available
GRAPAS INTERNATIONAL 2015
from 1st January 2015 at:
barley.
 Biomass & Biomass Pelleting 2015

THE WORLDS LARGEST


ANIMAL FEED PRODUCTION &
GRAIN PROCESSING EVENT

OILMEALS/PROTEINS
Huge US and Lat-Am soyabean
crop surpluses continue to offer
potential for cheaper global
oilmeal costs as 2015 progresses.
Lower oilmeal costs and ample
supplies could encourage greater

 GMP+ International 2015

www.fiaap.com
www.victam.com
www.grapas.eu

See us on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and Google+


or scan the QR codes:

Please contact your local consultant:

April 2015 | 77

Industry events
2015

n 19-23 May

IPACK IMA 2015


Fieramilano, Rho Milano, Italy
http://www.ipack-ima.it/ita/home

n 23-26 April

IDMA 2015 FAIR


Istanbul Fair Center CNR Expo Halls
http://www.idma.com.tr/

IPACK-IMA

PACK-IMA will be at the heart of this years


most comprehensive exhibition event for
processing, converting, package printing and
logistics.
Fiera Milanos Expo 2015 will bring together six
exhibitions under one roof: IPACK-IMA, MeatTech, Dairytech, Fruit Innovation, Converflex and
Intralogistica Italia.
The event has been incredibly well publicized at
55 international fairs over the last two years. 89
trade magazines 41 of them international Turkish
Airlines, Aeroflot and Etihads inflight magazines,
national newspapers and many web portals have
carried the message far and wide.
Thanks to a promotion offered in collaboration
with ICE, the Italian agency for foreign trade, free
entrance to the exhibition is available to those who
pre-register using the code on the promocard sent
with the invitation. An advertising campaign via
LinkedIn reached 300,000 professionals in relevant
industries within its first month.
The Buyers Programme supporting incoming
foreign professionals visiting the exhibition has been
developed with the support of the Ministry of Economic
Development and the operational backing of ICE.
For all these reasons, 270 buyers from 50 countries
will attend. You couldnt ask for a better guarantee of
networking and trade opportunities.

n 04-08 May

119th IAOM International Association of Operative


Millers Annual Conference & Expo
Renaissance Palm Springs Hotel and Palm Springs
Convention Center, Palm Springs, USA
http://www.iaom.info/

A booth full of innovation and


improvements at IAOM USA

he plansifter Seginus (MPAS) is one of the


innovations Bhler, from its IAOM booth
909, will be showcasing along with various
other new and improved machinery.
The Bhler Group, a long-time member of the
International Association of Operative Millers
IAOM, will be present at the 119th annual conference
from May 4 until 8, 2015 in Palm Springs/USA.
The MPASs seamless synchronous drive has been
developed especially for sifting and sorting and is
unique worldwide.
With its power unit integrated in the sifter bottom
the new plansifter uses only a minimum amount of
space. Compared to other plansifters the Segnius
offers up to 20 percent more throughput capacity.
The variable speed allows an optimal performance
for a wide range of applications.
Another innovation is the Bhler impact machine
Matador. The machine destroys insect eggs in flour
and semolina with absolute certainty. A mortality rate
of 99.5 percent, the multiple impacts of the crossflow principle and a direct product flow guarantee
maximum food safety and low operating cost.
In addition, Bhler will be presenting the improved
bran finisher MKLD at the IAOM. The machine
reliably removes adherent flour particles from the
bran. Twice the number of beaters and an increased
peripheral speed optimise the separation efficiency
considerably.
Furthermore, the beltless direct drive reduces the
energy consumption up to 30 percent.
To round off, three measuring systems for
continuous particle size measurement (Online
PSM MYTA), the NIR Multi-Online Analyser for
determining moisture, protein, ash and starch damage
(MYRG) and the sensor MYHB for colour and speck
analysis will all be on display at the companys.

n 20 May

Global Grain North America 2015


Chicago, USA
http://www.globalgrainevents.com

n 28-30 May

5th International Grain Tech Expo 2015


Egypt, Middle East
http://www.limraexpo.com

n 02-04 June

Grain & Feed Asia


Indonesia
http://www.grainandfeedasia.com

n 09-11 June

FIAAP, VICTAM & GRAPAS INTERNATIONAL


Koelnmesse, Cologne, Germany
www.victam.com

n 19-21 May

VIV Russia 2015


Crocus Expo International Exhibition Center Pavilion 2
Halls 7 & 8 65-66 km Moscow Ring Road, P.O.BOX 92,
143402 Moscow area, Krasnogorsk, Russia
http://www.vivrussia.nl/en/Bezoeker.aspx

78 | Milling and Grain

Milling and Grain event:


GRAPAS/Global Milling Conference
Thursday June 11, 2015
http://www.gfmt.co.uk/grapas15

n 09 June

IGC 2015 Grains Conference


Grosvenor House Hotel. London, UK
http://www.igc.int/en/conference/confhome.aspx

REVIEW

AgraME experiences significant increase in attendance

aking place from 16-18 March 2015 at the Dubai


World Trade Centre, AgraME, the Middle Easts
largest exhibition dedicated to the Agribusiness
industry, has seen a 26 per cent increase in visitor
attendance. This year has been the most successful edition
of AgraME to date with more exhibitors, visitors and
delegates than ever before.
AgraME, which is co-located with AquaME and VetME,
has also seen a 40 percent increase in exhibition floor
space for the 2015 edition due to higher demand from
exhibitors. This demand comes mainly from the Poultry
and Livestock area of the show, as well as the launch of
AquaMe the regions first exhibition dedication to the
aquaculture industry.
The three-day event hosts more than 250 agriculture,

poultry, aquaculture, and horticulture businesses from


36 countries including Turkey, Norway, UAE, Denmark,
USA, Brazil, India, Greece, France, Australia, China,
Italy, Thailand, Egypt and UK.
This year we have seen a large increase in attendance
from the aquaculture industry specifically, which
comes down to AquaME being a stand-alone exhibition
space for the first time ever. The first day also saw a
packed conference agenda with plenty of interesting
announcements coming out of the show floor that
will help grow the industry regionally - attracting the
investment needed to reach the targets set by not only
the government, but private entities in the industry
as well said Richard Pavitt, Exhibition Director,
AgraME.
More information: www.agramiddleeast.com

millingand
grain.com
April 2015 | 79

Industry events

TUSAF 2015: Wheat

he 11th International Congress and Exhibition


held by the Turkish Flour Industrialists Federation
(TFIF) on 5-8 March 2015 gathered flour
industrialists, traders and suppliers, miller manufacturers,
laboratory suppliers, manufacturers of bread and other
bakery products and representatives of the financial
sector, as well as respected academicians and experts
from the public and private sector. The Congress and
Exhibition was organised in Antalya Titanic Deluxe
Hotel, where TFIF hosted 600 national and international
delegates from 15 countries in the organisation with
35 exhibition spaces, and the main theme adopted was
Wheat and Health.
In his opening speech, Mr Erhan zmen, TFIFs
Chairman, remembered our deceased colleagues who
have made great efforts in the industry. In reference to
International Womens Day on 8 March, included in the
congress calendar, Mr zmen also touched on the role
and importance of women in working life and expressed
his wishes for more active studies, referring to the
platform of a Commission for defamatory policies for
bread and their effects on the industry.
Mr zmen explained the current status in the domestic
and international markets for the season of 2013-14 as
well as his expectations for the season of 2014-15 and
shared his knowledge indicating that the new season
would be more efficient. He stated Turkey had closed the
year of 2014 with 2.184 million tonnes of exports to 109
countries and approximately US$931 million of foreign
80 | Milling and Grain

& Health

exchange inflow and thanked those who contributed.


Mr zmen also gave the good news of opening of the
new head office of TFIF and invited the participants to
the opening scheduled for April 2015. Erhan zmen
continued his speech and pointed out the constructive
cooperation and dialog of the top four sectors of the
world: Industry-University-Public and Media. Then he
thanked all of the participants, especially Mr M. Mehdi
Eker, Minister of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, on
behalf of himself and the board of directors of TFIF.
Mr Ali Avci, Chairman of Cey Group, referred to the
importance of wheat in human nutrition, emphasised the
value of the chain of wheat-industrialisation and logistics,
and mentioned the investments for Samsunport under Cey
Group.
Mr ahin BLG, board member of TOBB, started
his speech by appreciating TFIFs supports for antidefamation campaigns for wheat and flour and pointed
out the holiness of bread and its importance in our
nutrition.
Mr M Mehdi Eker, Minister of Food, Agriculture and
Livestock, indicated how significant he considered the
title Wheat and Bread, as main theme of the congress,
and reminded that for 12,000 years human had been
eating wheat, whose motherland and gene center is
Anatolia and our land is unique with its endemic plants
across the world. The Minister also emphasised the
importance of wheat in human nutrition and, referring to
the defamation campaigns against wheat, flour and bread,

REVIEW

said food should be consumed sufficiently according to


the needs, instead of rejecting them by category. Mr Eker
spoke highly of the flour industrys progress in exports and
expressed his appreciation.
Following the opening speeches, Prof Aye Baysal,
Chairman of BESVAK, as the keynote speaker, indicated
our people always had bread on their table, the claims
made in defamation campaigns were nonsense and were
not based on scientific facts, and it was insulting to say
Do not eat bread.
The first session of the congress under the title, Wheat,
Bread and Health was moderated by Prof rfan Erol, Food
and Control General Manager. The first speaker was Prof
Artun nsal, who told the history of wheat and pointed
out the necessity to found a Museum of Flour and Bread
Products on Anatolian land, the motherland of wheat.
Associate Prof Nazan Yildirim, Head of the Department
of Public Health Agency of Turkey, said the World Health
Organisation recommended consumption of whole grain
products and mentioned some positive impacts of whole
grain products on especially weight control, heart health
protection, prevention of cancer and diabetes, and solution
of digestive system problems so whole wheat bread and
whole grain products were promoted under the programs
being implemented.
Dr Joel Abecassis, President of the International
Association for Cereal Science and Technology (ICC),
explained ICCs vision and mission and then told how
the new methods of wheat processing and recent products
improve the quality of nutrition and health. Dr Abecassis
also announced that the 16th International Cereal and
Bread Congress (ICBC 2016) would be held in Istanbul on
17-21 April 2016.
Gary Sharkey, Chairman of Executive Board of
European Flour Millers, said everything in food
processing was based on raw materials, emphasised the
relationship between the variation of market demands and
raw materials and closed his speech by expressing his
predictions for the season of 2015.
Prof Nevin anlier from the Department of Nutrition
and Dietetics of the Faculty of Health Sciences of Gazi
University highlighted the importance of cereals for
adequate and balanced nutrition, indicated that the cereals
and their products ranked at the top in food consumption
in Turkey, and emphasised that we should prefer
whole grain flour for dietary fiber, essential fatty acids,
antioxidants, phenolic components, phytoestrogens, and
vitamins and minerals.
The last millingand
speaker of the session, Dietitian Elvan Odaba
Kanar, told
that people had predominantly eaten cereals
grain.com
and lettuces since ancient times, the approach to stop

eating bread to lose weight was wrong and would lead


to irreversible results, and consuming whole grain bread
reduced the risk of Type 2 diabetes by 20 to 37 percent.
The second session of the congress was moderated by
Mr. Ali hsan zkaiki, Vice Chairman of TFIF, with the
title Wheat. The first speaker was Ms idem Kksal
Schmidt, who is a research assistant for Gbekli Tepe
project of Deutsche Archologische Institute, told the
importance of the region for civilisation and settlement.
Mr Edip H Akta, representative of VICTAM for Turkey,
Middle East and Africa, provided information on the
global exhibition to be organised in Cologne on 9-11 June
2015 to share information about sectoral developments.
Mr aatay Mara, Head of the Department of Market
Monitoring and Assessment of the Soil Products Office,
started his speech by presenting the perspective of
wheat production and prices in the domestic market and
international market and stated that in the light of the
current status and possible predictions they expected
2015 to be a good season for cultivation in terms of
plant development. Mr. Murat Ceylan, Cash Sales and
Marketing Manager of AKBANK, informed about the
direct debiting system and indicated the system enables
collection guarantee, practical risk and collection tracking,
cost reduction for collaterals/checks/bonds, reduction of
operational risks, automatic accounting and saving of
time.
Mr Dmitri Rylko, General Director of the Institute for
Agricultural Market Studies (IKAR), explained the shortterm and long-term strategies of Russia for wheat in terms
of quality and price.
Ms Emily French, Managing Director at ConsiliAgra,
mentioned the importance of implementation of dynamic
strategies in her speech focusing on today and the future
of wheat production and marketing. The last speaker
of the session, Mr Thomas P Scott, Informa Economics
President, presented the current status and future of the
international wheat market, summarised the situation with
a general perspective from 1970 to date, and explained the
expectations for 2015-2016 after a summary of different
aspects of the wheat market.

TURKISH LANGUAGE EDITION

We are delighted to report that the first issue of our Turkish


language edition to be published under the name Milling
and Grain was very well recieved by the delagates at
TUSAF, who all received a free copy of the magazine.
Copies of our next edition will be available at IDMA 2015

See all of our photos from TUSAF 2015


on the Milling and Grain Facebook page
link: on.fb.me/1DIRuMA

April 2015 | 81

ASIA
2015

by Olivia Holden, Milling and Grain

A busy stand at Wenger

Amandus Kahl

he integration
between western
businesses and
Southeast Asias booming
animal protein production
and processing industry
made VIV Asia 2015, held
at the Bangkok International
Trade and Exhibition Centre
(BITEC), a vibrant place for colleagues and competitors
to explore crucial developments and innovations
across a variety of both established and new sectors
represented at the trade fair.
Now in its 12th edition, VIV Asia has become one
of the most important gateways to Asias emerging
markets. This year, the concept of the biannual event
was Feed to Meat, with every segment represented
throughout the entire food supply chain. All farm
species were covered, from poultry and pork to eggs.
The focus remained on consumer demand - not
only for more food to feed a growing population, but
healthier, tastier and, above all, safer food. Animal
feed and animal health remains at the forefront of
feed safety. For the first time, aquaculture was also
represented at the trade fair with a dedicated aqua hall.
Ruwan Berculo (Business development and project

The essential meeting point for


people seriously involved in
producing and processing animal
proteins
- Ruwan Berculo, VIV

Chief Industries

REVIEW

The Famsun stand attracted a lot of visitors

82 | Milling and Grain

management, VIV) affirmed, this event has become a


key international platform and point of reference for the
complete animal protein industry in Asia where friends,
peers and colleagues meet to examine where we are
at now, and where we seek to be in the future with
regards to food security, animal protein and the role that
technology will play.
This sentiment was evident throughout the exhibition:
a shared sense of collaboration and innovation shaped
this years VIV Asia.
A record breaking 38,425 visitors attended - an overall
increase of 15.6 percent from the 33,229 visiting in
2013. This also coincided with an increase in visitor
participation from Asia, Oceania, the Middle East,
Africa, North and South America and Western Europe.
Thailand itself was also among 15 Asian nations
sending more visitors to the event, with the largest
increases coming from Cambodia, Bangladesh,
Pakistan, Sri Lanka and China. Interfacing as global
players, visitors from these countries are now very

REVIEW

focussed, prepared and knowledgeable. International


trade fairs such as this one play a crucial role in the
advancement of knowledge towards food production
for such countries.
Overall, the event in Bangkok attracted visitors
from 124 countries worldwide. With 874 exhibitors
attending, compared with 770 at the previous event in
2013, the event stood out not only for its success but
also for its internationalism. The companies present
this year included 178 who were exhibiting for the first
time.

Perfect pitches

The first event Milling and Grain magazine attended


was the press-networking event which created a
platform for exhibitors to meet up and communicate
highlights about technology and innovation. Pitches
were given from a number of key exhibitors who had
just two minutes to surmise what their main products,
innovations or presence at VIV meant.
Martin Brtel of Delacon, pioneers for phytogenic
feed additives, highlighted in his two-minute pitch
that the feed industry is facing new challenges due
to the EU ban prohibiting the use of growth products
in 2006. Delacon used the international platform at
VIV to unveil a new corporate identity and three new
products at the exhibition specifically for poultry, meat
and diary.
Also present at the networking event were
representatives from Cargill (who showcased Promote,
a global line of feed additives) the Dutch Poultry

Meetings taking place at the Symaga stand

The Bhler stand

connecting
great ideas & great people
Working to improve the
sustainability of
compound feed production

www.globalgap.org/cfm
Connect with fellow millers and industry power players for two days of
education, inspiration and conversation.
Presentation topics include:
Gluten-free or Gluten Free-for-All
An Arbitrators 7 Tests for the Workplace
Revival of the Grist Mill

GLOBALG.A.P. COmPOund Feed


mAnuFACturinG StAndArd

Ag Safety and Rescue Initiative


Assessing Dust Explosion Hazards
The Steel Cut Process A Crucial Step in Oat Milling
Carbon Fiber Reinforcement in the Milling Industry

Safe Feed - Safe Food

Preserving Roll Integrity


Wheat Traceability

www.iaom.info/annualmeeting

Check out our website for events happening near you!


www.globalgap.org/events
April 2015 | 83

Centre, and The Agricultural Counsellor of the


Netherlands in Thailand and Vietnam, who highlighted
that Holland was to play an integral role at this event
as the first ever official partner country. He commented
that the Netherlands is committed to the global
common search to finding sustainable, climate smart
food production.
The Netherlands are the first in what VIV hope will
become an impressive range of partner countries
over the coming editions. Two Dutch pavilions, a
Dutch innovation seminar and several networking
events resulted in a significant boost to trade
relations between the Asian and Dutch animal protein
professionals. The Mayor of the city of Rotterdam,
Mr Ahmed Aboutaleb, opened the seminar and took a
guided tour of the exhibition floor where he visited a
number of Dutch exhibitors.

KSE

British genetics and agriculture stride forward

REVIEW

Marcus Winsley (Director of Trade at the British


Embassy in Bangkok) spoke on behalf of UK
Technology and Agriculture for Genetics (UK TAG)
and the British Embassy at the press-networking event,
stating:
The UK remains strong across all forms of
agriculture, imagination, science and integrity,
coupled with high standards of safety. With a long
history of excellence, agriculture remains at the heart
of the British way of life, being defined by quality,
sustainability and action in its commitment to safety.
He further added that the UK has received 18 Nobel

Davis Wolstencraft of 4B Braime Elevators

26-28 NOVEMBER 2015


MYANMAR EVENT PARK, YANGON

15

MYANMARS NO. 1 INTERNATIONAL FEED,


LIVESTOCK AND AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY EVENT
26-28 NOVEMBER 2015
MYANMAR EVENT PARK,YANGON
To Book Your Booth at the Expo, Contact:
Mr. Darren +95 9798435634 or darren@ambexpo.com
To Visit the expo or get more information, contact
Ms. May at may@ambexpo.com or Ms. Thu Thu at
thu@ambexpo.com

darren@ambexpo.com

84 | Milling and Grain

REVIEW

prizes for science and technology, citing the discovery


of the structure of DNA and Dolly the cloned sheep
as championing examples of groundbreaking genetic
innovation carried out on British soil.
Chris Jackson of UKTAG was also honoured at
the VIV Personality Awards for his remarkable
contribution as a UK ambassador for pigs on behalf
of the British Pig Association (BPA). He received the
award of Pig Personality of the Year. With a career
spanning over 20 years, Chris made his first journey
to Asia in 1995, when he visited Vietnam, a mere 20
years after the war ended. His career has centered on
promoting and exporting British pedigree pigs around
the world. After the foot-and-mouth disease outbreak,
he worked with the BPA to reopen markets and to keep
the British flag flying whilst the county was shut down
in the face of international competition.
The BPA is now a registered trade association and
runs a trade show access programme. Developed with
UK TAG, any company involved in UK agriculture,
technology or genetics can receive help via the trade
show access programme to help them export to these
shows.
This was the very first time such an award has been
awarded to a British national. Mr Jackson emphasised
just how worthwhile this event is for the industry.
Commenting on the bi-annual event he affirmed,
this is the most influential show in Southeast Asia.
I would go so far as to argue that this is one of the
most important shows in the world for our sector, and
it is no coincidence that it is growing in importance.

Les Garcia, Sioux Steel

Van Aarsen

THE INTERNATIONAL
PLATFORM FROM
FEED TO FOOD

Fieramilano, Milan - Italy


19 - 23 May 2015

Opening time: 10.00 am - 5.00 pm


Entrances: East, South, West Gates
Pre-register on
www.ipack-ima.com

Being part
of innovation.
The future is IPACK-IMA 2015 the most comprehensive, valuable showcase for the food and non-food
supply chain. The global standard-setting exhibition for the Grain Based Food industry and the place to be for
health & personal care, chemicals and industrial goods. An innovative meeting place for the fresh food and
distribution sector.
A great exhibition of the worlds top production.

FEBRUARY 16-18, ABU DHABI, U.A.E

POWERED BY
FIERA MILANO AND
IPACK-IMA

Promoted by:

With the support of:


This event is being covered
by professional packaging
journalists from IPPO

Organized by:

WWW.VIV.NET

Co-located with:

Connected events:

VIV MEA 2016

An unparalleled, integrated, synergic collection of technology and innovations for processing, packaging,
converting and logistics, the extraordinary conjunction with the Expo 2015,
a great not-to-miss event.
Be sure to be there.

UNITED NATIONS
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
ORGANIZATION

Ipack-Ima spa - Corso Sempione, 4 - 20154 Milano - Italy


tel +39 023191091 - fax +39 0233619826 - e-mail: ipackima@ipackima.it - www.ipackima.it

April 2015 | 85

Chris Jackson, UK TAG - Asian Pig Personality of the year

REVIEW
Nutrex

The right clientele are attracted, including all key


government officials and key decision makers from
industry.
The British Government has supported the British
presence at this event, and the British Pig Association
has attended every single VIV event since the first
edition. The show also serves as an integral link to
accessing the Asian market for British exporters.
UKTI were successful in bringing together regional
trade managers from Kuala Lumpur, Manila, India and
China to network with British exporters.
A further event also placed British trade and produce
firmly on the map. VIV Asia 2015 coincided with
British beef and lamb gaining market access to
Thailand following a shutdown after the BSE crisis.
The World Organisation for Animal Health lifted
restrictions after eight years last November. Following
a considerable amount of work undertaken by DEFRA
and EBLEX, who have worked closely with the
department of livestock development in Thailand, the
Thai industry agreed to allow exports in February this
year.
On March 10th 2015, a celebratory dinner was
held and hosted Hybu Cig Cymru (HCC), UK Trade
and Industry and Eblex at the Plaza Athenee Hotel,
Bangkok. British chef Mark Frederick Berry served
a starter of beef carpaccio and a main course of
rack of lamb to an invited audience hosted by the
British ambassador, His Excellency Mr Mark Kent.
Representing the Thai Government was Dr Apichart
Pongsrihadulchai (Vice Minister at the Ministry of

VIV Russia 2015


May 18, 2015 SUMMIT | May 19 - 21, 2015 EXPO | Moscow, Russia

REGISTER NOW
for FREE entrance at
www.viv.net

Special Events

The international Feed-to-Meat platform


for Russia and the surrounding CIS region

86 | Milling and Grain

REVIEW

Agriculture for co-operatives), accompanied by Dr


Wimolporn Thitisak (Director General, Department
of Livestock and Development). Attending on behalf
of the UK were John Cross, Chairman of EBLEX and
Guy Kiddy, Chairman of UK TAG. Also launched at
the dinner was the UK brand Bruntys cider. Roger
Gilbert and Tuti Tan were present on behalf of Milling
and Grain.

Feed to Meat

The Feed to Meat concept was represented by


engagement from companies involved in every
segment, from feed ingredients and additives, animal
health and breeding to slaughter equipment and
meat processing. Asia, and Thailand in particular,
is an important export market for poultry products.
India also stood out as a large emerging market with
regards to poultry production. Poultrys importance
in general was underlined by a major growth in Asian
countries that have a strong interest in producing
chickens and eggs. 52.1 percent of visitors were
specifically interested in poultry broilers with 41.2
percent interested in poultry layers. Swine was in third
place with 39.9 percent attending specifically with an
interest in pigs.

Ottevanger Milling Engineers

Pet Health and Aquaculture: emerging areas


of interest

The commitment demonstrated by VIV to


aquaculture is a timely one. Aquaculture is now the
fastest growing animal based food industry and over

Biomin

April 2015 | 87

half of the seafood eaten in the US is farmed.


Vincent Veelbehr (Sales Manager, VIV) was
responsible for organising the Aquatic Pavilion.
This was a special event for the aquaculture sector
and featured several companies at the forefront of
sustainable fish and shrimp farming. The theme was
how consumer demand drives sustainable aquaculture.
Blue Aqua International sponsored a one-day
conference entitled Advanced Shrimp Farming which
was held on Wednesday March 11th. Dr Farshad
Shishehchian (President, Blue Aqua International and
World Aquaculture Society APC President) gave
a presentation and chaired the events final closing
remarks.
Ruwan Berculo also pointed to the success of the
Pet Health and Nutrition Conference that generated
a significant amount of interest. The conference was
split into four sections. The third segment of the
conference took a closer look at the technologies used
to process pet foods and was sponsored by Milling and
Grain magazine. Galen Rokey (Director of Processing
Technology, Animal Division, Wenger Manufacturing)
discussed processing techniques such as baking and
extrusion.
Surrounding programmes such as this clearly
demonstrate that VIV excel at addressing emerging
and developing areas of interest, making this a mustattend event for anyone seeking to keep well informed
about techniques, new market segments, potential
areas of investment and innovations. We look forward
to seeing how the show continues to grow and develop

Addcon

REVIEW
Tapco
perendale IDL 15 1-2 hal cetak.pdf

CM

MY

CY

CMY

88 | Milling and Grain

2/23/15

5:11 PM

REVIEW

when it is next held in 2017. Milling and Grain wish to


congratulate the VIV team on their continued success.
The next stops this year will be VIV Russia 2015,
scheduled for May 19-21 2015 and in 2016, VIV MEA
will open its doors in Abu Dhabi.

The VIV team at the


opening of VIV Asia
2015

Dr Eckel

IN OUR NEXT ISSUE

Read Roger Gilberts report on this years successful


CropTech-FeedTech discussion that took place as part
of VIV Asia 2015. CropTech-FeedTech is organised by
Milling and Grain magazine.

See all of our photos from VIV ASIA 2015


on the Milling and Grain Facebook page
link: on.fb.me/1DIRuMA

Tessa Remers, VIV

Cologne Exhibition Halls, Cologne, Germany

June 11, 2015

A one-day conference for flour, rice and cereal millers.

Sessio

Hear keynote speakers address topics of relevance to todays


milling industry. Make your plan now to join us on Thursday June 11,
2015 in Cologne, Germany.
Covering: Flour and Rice Milling Technology / Storage and Handling
Systems / Quality Control
Three two-hour sessions:

Nutritin 2 - 13:00-1
on / Mi
5
lling T:00
echno
- Flo
Sesio

Food Sn 1- 10:00afety / 12:00


Qualit
- Tr
yC

aining
ontrol
qualifi - The ben
e
e
d
fi
ts from
staff
- Re
g
- H ulations
eat tr
eatme
nts

Food Safety /Quality Control


Nutrition / Milling Technology
Markets / Storage / Handling
Visit the GRAPAS International Exhibition at the Cologne Exhibition
Halls from June 9-11, 2015 and wrap up your visit by attending the
one-day Global Milling with GRAPAS Conference on Thursday,
June 11 at the show grounds. GRAPAS International is a co-located
exhibition with Victam International 2015 and FIAAP International
2015.

Orgainised by

logy
ur Fort
malnutr ification - M
illers fig
ition
hting
Fibre, P
ro
Challen tein and Glu
ten-Fre
ges for
ehuman
Dealin
g with
custom consumption
er com
plaints

Sessio

Marketn 3 - 15:00-1
7
s / Stor
age / H:00
- H
and

ling
arvest
Report
whea
- So
- Th t supply from ft and hard
eR
the US
A
- Mil oller Mill Re
volutio
ling 24
/7
n
A
Experie
Millers
nce

75/full day or 30/session Visitor information for the events can be found at
Registration for the conference will open
on March 1, 2015 at: www.gfmt.co.uk/grapas15

http://www.victam.com/?i=260
April 2015 | 89

Colour sorters

Andritz
+45 72 160300

Bhler AG

www.andritz.com

+41 71 955 11 11

Welcome to the market place, where you


will find suppliers of products and services
to the industry - in association with our
sister publication The International Milling
Directory
To be included into the Market Place,
please contact Tom Blacker
+44 1242 267700 - tomb@perendale.co.uk

www.buhlergroup.com

Insta-Pro International
+1 515 254 1260

Satake

www.insta-pro.com

+81 82 420 8560


www.satake-group.com

Wenger Manufacturing
+1 785-284-2133

Computer software
Adifo NV
+32 50 303 211

Analysis

www.wenger.com

Feed processing

www.adifo.com

Mechanika Nawrocki

R-Biopharm

Cultura Technologies Ltd

+48 52 303 40 20

+44 141 945 2924

+44 1257 231011

www.granulatory.com/en

www.r-biopharm.com

www.culturatech.com

Romer Labs

Format International Ltd

Ottevanger

+43 2272 6153310

+44 1483 726081

+31 79 593 22 21

www.romerlabs.com

www.formatinternational.com

www.ottevanger.com

Amino acids

Coolers & driers

Wynveen

Evonik

Consergra s.l

+31 26 47 90 699

+49 618 1596785

+34 938 772207

www.wynveen.com

www.evonik.com

www.consergra.com

Bag closing

FrigorTec GmbH

Flour
Rank Hovis

Fischbein SA

+49 7520 91482-0

+32 2 555 11 70

www.frigortec.com

www.fischbein.com/eastern

Geelen Counterflow

Cetec Industrie

+31 475 592315

+33 5 53 02 85 00

www.geelencounterflow.com

Cargotec Sweden Bulk Handling

www.cetec.net

Famsun (Muyang)

AB

+86 514 87848880

+46 42 85802

www.muyang.com

www.cargotec.com

Bakery improvers
Mhlenchemie GmbH & Co KG
+49 4102 202 001
www.muehlenchemie.de

Elevator buckets
Alapala

Bin dischargers

+90 212 465 60 40

Denis

www.alapala.com

+33 2 37 97 66 11

STIF

www.denis.fr

+33 2 41 72 16 80

Bulk storage

www.stifnet.com

+44 1494 428000


www.rankhovis.com

Grain handling systems

Cimbria A/S
+45 96 17 90 00
www.cimbria.com

Hammermills
Bhler AG
+41 71 955 11 11
www.buhlergroup.com

Tapco Inc

Bentall Rowlands

+1 314 739 9191

Dinnissen BV

www.bentallrowlands.com

www.tapcoinc.com

+31 77 467 3555

Chief Industries UK Ltd

VAV

+44 1724 282828

+31 71 4023701

+44 1621 868944

www.vav.nl

www.chief.co.uk
Croston Engineering

Elevator & Conveyor Components

+44 1829 741119

4B Braime

www.croston-engineering.co.uk

+44 113 246 1800

Silo Construction Engineers


+32 51723128

www.go4b.com

Enzymes

www.dinnissen.nl
Genc Degirmen
+90 332 444 0894
www.gencdegirmen.com.tr
Van Aarsen International
+31 475 579 444
www.aarsen.com
Yemtar Feed Mill Machines

www.sce.be

AB Vista

+90 532 5265627

Silos Cordoba

+44 1672 517 650

www.yemtar.com

+34 957 325 165

www.abvista.com

www.siloscordoba.com

JEFO

+86 21 64188282

TSC Silos

+1 450 799 2000

www.zhengchang.com

+31 543 473979

www.jefo.com

www.tsc-silos.com
Westeel

Equipment for sale

+1 204 233 7133


www.westeel.com

Certification
GMP+ International

Laboratory equipment
Bastak

ExtruTech Inc

+90 312 395 67 87

+1 785 284 2153

www.bastak.com.tr

www.extru-techinc.com

Brabender
+49 203 7788 0

Extruders

www.brabender.com

+31703074120

Almex

www.gmpplus.org

+31 575 572666


www.almex.nl

90 | Milling and Grain

Zheng Chang

CHOPIN Technologies
+33 14 1475045
www.chopin.fr

Doescher & Doescher GmbH

Palletisers

Silos

+49 4087976770

Cetec Industrie

www.doescher.com

Global Industries, Incorporated

+33 5 53 02 85 00

+1 308 384 9320

Hydronix

www.cetec.net

www.globalindinc.com

+44 1483 468900

Ehcolo A/S

www.hydronix.com

+45 75 398411

Obial
+90 382 2662120

www.ehcolo.com

Level measurement

www.obial.com.tr

PAYPER, S.A.

BinMaster Level Controls

+34 973 21 60 40

MYSILO

+1 402 434 9102

www.payper.com

+90 382 266 2245

www.binmaster.com

www.mysilo.com

Pelleting aids

FineTek Co., Ltd

Borregaard LignoTech

Symaga

+886 2226 96789

+47 69 11 80 00

+34 91 726 43 04

www.fine-tek.com

www.lignotechfeed.com

www.symaga.com

Loading/un-loading equipment

Pest control

Tornum AB

Neuero Industrietechnik

Rentokil Pest Control

+46 512 29100

+49 5422 95030

+44 0800 917 1987

www.tornum.com

www.neuero.de

www.rentokil.co.uk

Vigan Engineering

Pipe systems

+32 67 89 50 41

Bhler AG
+41 71 955 11 11
www.buhlergroup.com

Agromatic

Jacob Sohne

www.vigan.com

Mill design & installation

Temperature monitoring
+41 55 2562100

+49 571 9580

www.agromatic.com

www.jacob-pipesystems.eu

Dol Sensors

Used around

all industrial
Process
control
sectors.

+45 721 755 55


www.dol-sensors.com

Mechanika Nawrocki

Fr. Jacob Shne GmbH & Co. KG, Germany


Tel. + 49 (0) 571 95580 | www. jacob-pipesystems.eu

Visit us! www.pipe-systems.eu+48

52 303 40 20

www.granulatory.com/en

Golfetto Sangati

Training
Bhler AG

+39 0422 476 700

Suffolk Automation

www.golfettosangati.com

+41 71 955 11 11

+44 1473 829188

www.buhlergroup.com

www.suffolk-automation.co.uk

Gazel Degirmen Makinalari


+90 364 2549630
www.gazelmakina.com

IAOM

Rolls

+1 913 338 3377


Leonhard Breitenbach

www.iaom.info

IMAS - Milleral

+49 271 3758 0

Kansas State University

+90 332 2390141

www.breitenbach.de

+1 785 532 6161

O&J Hjtryk

www.grains.k-state.edu

Mechanika Nawrocki

+45 7514 2255

nabim

+48 52 303 40 20

www.oj-hojtryk.dk

+44 2074 932521

www.milleral.com

www.granulatory.com/en

www.nabim.org.uk

Roller mills

Satake

Unormak

Ocrim

+81 82 420 8560

+90 332 2391016

+39 0372 4011

www.satake-group.com

www.unormak.com.tr

www.ocrim.com

Ugur Makina

NIR systems

+90 (364) 235 00 26

NIR Online
+49 6227 732668
www.nir-online.de

www.ugurmakina.com

Roll fluting

Thermo Fisher Scientific


+1 9786 421132

+34 965564075

www.thermoscientific.com/

www.balaguer-rolls.com

Safety equipment

Packaging

Rembe
CB Packaging

+49 2961 740 50

+44 7805 092067

www.rembe.com

www.cbpackaging.com
Cetec Industrie

Second hand equipment

+33 5 53 02 85 00
www.cetec.net
Mondi Group
+43 1 79013 4917
www.mondigroup.com
Peter Marsh Group
+44 151 9221971
www.petermarsh.co.uk

+1 785 825 7177


vortex@vortexvalves.com
www.vortexvalves.com

Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A.

quality

Valves

Rota Val Ltd


+44 1249 651138
www.rotaval.co.uk

Vibratory equipment
Mogensen

Raw

Materials

Handling
+44 1476 566301
www.mogensen.co.uk

Sanderson Weatherall

Vibrafloor

+44 161 259 7054

+33 3 85 44 06 78

www.sw.co.uk

www.vibrafloor.com

Weighing equipment

Sifters
Filip GmbH

Parkerfarm Weighing Systems

+49 5241 29330

+44 1246 456729

www.filip-gmbh.com

www.parkerfarm.com

Genc Degirmen
+90 332 444 0894
www.gencdegirmen.com.tr

Yeast products
Leiber GmbH
+49 5461 93030
www.leibergmbh.de

the interview

Dr Lutz Popper

Mhlenchemie, specialists for enzyme-containing compounds for pasta flours, has opened a trials
laboratory for pasta and is considerably expanding its efforts in this field. The German company sees the
interlocking of expertise in raw materials and plant and equipment as a promising way to advance the
development of innovations and product optimisations for the pasta market. Dr Lutz Popper studied at the
Technical University, Berlin between 1979-85. He holds a Ph.D in food technology. He has been a scientific
director at the Stern Wywiol Group since 1993 and is also head of R&D. Milling and Grain Magazine spoke to
Dr Popper about the latest developments and rising to challenges in the industry.

Dr Lutz Popper, please tell us a little bit about your


background and your role at Muhlenchemie?

What makes the new pasta plant in Ahrensburg


unique?

Muhlenchemie are clearly committed to vitaminized


flour for the world. What is the present status of
mandatory flour fortification in Europe?

What concrete benefit does your new trials laboratory


offer a pasta manufacturer?

When I was asked in 1993 to join Muhlenchemie as head of


the research and development department, I was working
as assistant professor in the food technology department
of the Berlin University of Technology, where I also obtained
my diploma as food engineer, and my Ph.D. degree with a
thesis on antimicrobial enzymes. Cereal technology was a
main subject of my studies, and baking my hobby, which
might be the reasons for my employment by Muhlenchemie.
At the beginning, there were only three people in the
R&D including myself! The whole Muhlenchemie team
was nine people. Now the R&D has almost 30 people, and
Muhlenchemie more than 120.

Honestly, this is a sad story. There is almost no mandatory


fortification in Europe, with the exception of the United
Kingdom and maybe soon Macedonia. Several reasons
prevent the politicians to take the decision for fortification,
none of them are of scientific nature. According to epidemic
studies, fortification (in particular with folate and iron)
would be of great benefit for all Europeans for health
and economic reasons. And flour would be one of the best
vehicles to get fortified food to citizens of all social classes
and ages.

Muhlenchemie are known for their expertise in the


field of enzymes and additives but are now more
involved in the production of pasta with the launch
of a new pilot plant. What was the deciding factor
behind investing in this new area?

Curiosity. A few years ago, the effect of enzymes in baking


was already quite well understood. We had a broad range
of enzymatic tools for bread baking and some for biscuits
and cracker. But then we were wondering whether enzymes
could also be useful in pasta production, with its limited
availability of water and oxygen. The bets were 50:50. So,
trials were performed with small kitchen machines and, in a
larger scale, at the IGV near Potsdam. Surprisingly, several
enzymes showed effects, though not all of them are really
useful. With friendly customers we confirmed the results.
In order to be able to offer pilot scale trials with their raw
materials to our customers, we decided to invest in a nearcommercial pasta press and a dryer.

As in the industry, the pasta press works with a vacuum


system to reduce the inclusion of air bubbles. The capacity
is only 70 kg per hour, so we can run trials with rather small
amounts of flour or semolina. We are even able to prepare
in the flour in our lab, because we possess a large-scale lab
mill with an output of about 10 kg flour per hour. A segment
of industrial pasta dryer completes the setup and enables
us to run tests, which come very close to industrial scale.
Very few of the pasta pilot plants have been installed in the
world, and the combination with the pilot flourmill, our flour
rheology laboratory and our flour and additive know-how
makes it unique.

The plant is so flexible that practically every manufacturing


process can be simulated. This lets us test various enzyme
systems for the client until they are exactly right for use, and
the client does not have to interrupt his routine production
to perform his own tests. Obviously, this saves enormous
amounts of time and money. And it gives the client
reassurance that no major problems should be expected
when he switches his own production system to the new
recipe.

Tell us about the practical side of this client support,


what steps are involved in developing a product?

To start with, the client sends us his raw material, which we


analyse for protein and gluten content, water absorption
properties, ash and many other parameters. We also enquire
about other aspects of his pasta production: for how long
is the dough mixed, how high is the temperature, how
much water is added, what is the drying process like? And,
of course, we need to know what the customer wants to
achieve. Sometimes it is just a question of reducing loss at
the cooking stage, sometimes bite is an issue, or a different
colour.

Can customers come to your lab in Ahrensburg and


be present at the trials?
We are happy to let clients look over our shoulders. That is
in fact the ideal situation. When a project is developed in
a direct dialogue with the client, we usually find the best
solutions.

From your observations, what would you say is the


biggest problem for pasta manufacturers?

The quality of the flour! Durum is the ideal variety of wheat for
pasta. But due to fluctuating prices and limited availability,
many manufacturers have to use soft wheat or mixtures of
hard and soft wheat instead. That often causes problems.

92 | Milling and Grain

I must explain a little


about the rice culture
in Japan, rice is treated
very much like fresh
fruit or vegetables.
Whenever we buy
rice in Japan we look
at the date and time
it was milled and in a
shop we choose the
most recent or the
freshest

PEOPLE THE INDUSTRY FACES


Nutriad continues sales team expansion Europe

utriad is pleased to announce the appointment of Antonio Vila as Key Account Manager for
Western Spain and Portugal. Antonio joins Nutriad from Elanco/Novartis and has over 20
years experience in the animal feed pharmaceutical and additives business. He will work
alongside Nutriad colleagues to further support customers and develop its growing business
in these important markets.

Commenting on Nutriads development in Spain and Portugal, Alvaro Bermejo - Country Manager,
said We are delighted to welcome Antonio to our Iberian Team, and to the wider EMEA Nutriad group.
His appointment marks an important step in our continuing business development and underlines our
long term commitment to bring our unique range of products to our valued customers in the region.
Justinus J.G.M.
Sanders

Antonio Vila stated I am very happy to be joining Nutriad at this exciting time in the Companys development and look
forward to working with the highly professional and committed colleagues throughout the organisation.

Nutriad, headquartered in Belgium, provides feed additives and services to over 80 countries worldwide through a network
of own offices and distributors, supported by 4 application laboratories and 5 manufacturing facilities located on 3 continents.

Dr Stephanie Cottee joins Cargill animal welfare


team with global responsibility for poultry

he will be based in Guelph, Ontario, Canada and report to Dr Mike Siemens, PhD, Cargills
head of animal welfare based in Wichita, Kan. Dr Cottees appointment is effective immediately.
Stephanie is well-respected as an animal welfare professional and she has a wealth of
experience and knowledge that will be valued by Cargills poultry businesses and our customers
Dr Stephanie Cottee around the world, said Dr Mike Siemens. Producing animal protein to meet ever-increasing global
consumption is more complex each day and stakeholders ranging from consumers to customers,
employees and others are more interested than ever before about how animals are raised and harvested
for food. We are known as a leader in animal welfare and our reputation took a large step forward with Stephanie joining the
Cargill team.

Prior to joining Cargill, Cottee held positions of responsibility for animal welfare with Maple Leaf Foods, Ontario Pork,
Chicken Farmers of Ontario, National Farm Animal Care Council and she has taught at the University of Guelph. She received
a Bachelor of Science degree in Zoology from the University of Toronto. Cottee subsequently earned a Master of Science and
PhD in Farm Animal Behaviour and Welfare degrees from the University of Guelph and conducted post-doctorate work there
on poultry research.

Anitox strengthens EMEA technical team

eed milling technologist Henri Rijnders joins pathogen control specialist Anitox to support the
drive for higher feed pellet quality and increased milling efficiency through Europe, the Middle
East and Africa. Mr Rijnders comes to the role from Kemira where he was technical manager
of feed applications. Anitox EMEA commercial director John Thornton confirms: Henris 20
years experience improving the quality of livestock feeds makes this a key appointment for us. Demand
Henri Rijnders for higher pellet quality has never been greater as understanding of its impact on poultry health and
productivity grows. Henris skills mean we can continue to drive significant improvements in mill
productivity and feed quality using technologies including Maxi-Mil and Finio.

A Dutch national, Henri Rijnder has a Bachelors degree in food science from HAS University of Applied Sciences. He also
spent 17 years at Cargill where he held a number of development and technical sales roles in corn and wheat processing for
the food and feed industry.

Hydratec Industries appoints Bart Aangenendt as CEO

ydratec Industries NV has announced that Bart Aangenendt, CEO of subsidiary company Pas
Reform, will succeed the Groups CEO Roland Zoomers, when he steps down later this year. As
an Industrial Holding Company listed on the NYSE Euronext Amsterdam Exchanges, Hydratec
Industries NV has majority interests in businesses with strong positions in the global agri and
food equipment markets and in the plastics and packaging industries in Benelux and Germany.

Bart Aangenendt

Bart Aangenendt will succeed Roland Zoomers when he retires in September this year. Harm Langen,
currently managing director of LAN Handling Systems, another Hydratec subsidiary, will replace Mr
Aangenendt as CEO of Pas Reform.

Speaking about Mr Aangenendts appointment, ten Cate continued: Under Barts direction, Pas Reform has achieved
exceptional growth and reputation in the poultry sector worldwide.
We are delighted that he has accepted this new challenge as CEO of the whole Hydratec Group.

94 | Milling and Grain

Bagging station Maia consistent


and efficient bagging.
The Bhler Maia bagging station stands for a fully automated bagging process for powdered, free-flowing and friable
products. Aligned process steps result in a constant filling accuracy and a high bagging capacity. Not only top sanitation but
also a unique design complete this new bagging unit. The outcome is compelling: an unparalleled operational reliability for
clean bagging, designed for bags with a capacity of 20 to 65 liters. Maia consistency and efficiency at the highest level.
For more information visit us at the IPACK-IMA 2015 in Milan, Italy from May 19 23 in hall 3, booth B15 or on
www.buhlergroup.com/milling

Maia bagging station.


Consistent and efficient
bagging.
Flexible in use
For powdered, free-flowing and friable
products.
Top sanitation
A dustproof bag spout with a built-in
aspiration provides clean bagging.
Unique operational reliability
Ensures high efficiency and low
operating costs.

Innovations for a better world.