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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

5070/01

CHEMISTRY
Paper 1 Multiple Choice

May/June 2009
1 hour

Additional Materials:

*2737049315*

Multiple Choice Answer Sheet


Soft clean eraser
Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST


Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided unless
this has been done for you.
There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible
answers A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.
Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet.
A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16.

This document consists of 15 printed pages and 1 blank page.


IB09 06_5070_01/3RP
UCLES 2009

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2
1

An inflated balloon goes down because gas molecules can diffuse through the rubber.
Four balloons are filled with different gases at the same temperature and pressure.
Which balloon would go down quickest?

carbon dioxide, CO2


2

methane, CH4

nitrogen, N2

oxygen, O2

The diagram shows a chromatogram of several inks.

black

blue

brown

green

red

Which statement is correct?


A

Black ink can be made by mixing green, red and yellow inks.

Brown ink can be made by mixing blue and red inks.

Yellow ink can be used to make brown ink.

Yellow ink may be present in green ink.

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yellow

3
3

The oxidation of ethanol to ethanoic acid is often carried out in the apparatus shown.

condenser

water

ethanol +
oxidising agent

heat
What is the purpose of the condenser?
A

to prevent air reacting with the ethanoic acid

to prevent any ethanol from escaping

to prevent the ethanoic acid changing back to ethanol

to prevent the ethanoic acid reacting with the ethanol

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4

The diagram shows copper(II) oxide being reduced, by hydrogen, to copper. After reduction is
complete, the burner is turned off but the flow of hydrogen is continued until the tube is cool.
excess hydrogen
dry
hydrogen
copper(II) oxide

burner

Why is the hydrogen allowed to flow through the tube during cooling?

to allow the tube to cool slowly

to lessen the risk of explosion in the hot tube

to prevent the copper from reacting with the air

to remove any traces of water left in the tube

A coin is analysed by dissolving it in nitric acid. To the resulting solution an excess of aqueous
ammonia is added and the mixture is filtered.
A brown precipitate remains in the filter paper and a deep blue solution is obtained as the filtrate.
Which metals does the coin contain?

aluminium and copper

copper and iron

iron and lead

lead and zinc

An element X forms a positive ion with the electronic structure 2,8,8.


What is the proton (atomic) number of X?
A

16

17

18

19

Which two substances are elements with a giant molecular structure?


A

diamond and graphite

diamond and sand

methane and iodine

methane and sand

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5
8

Which compound has both ionic and covalent bonds?


A

ammonium chloride

carbon dioxide

ethyl ethanoate

sodium chloride

Which statement about the numbers of particles in atoms is correct?


Apart from hydrogen, most atoms contain
A

more neutrons than protons.

more protons than neutrons.

more electrons than protons.

more protons than electrons.

10 Which gas contains the same number of molecules as 9 g of water?


A

2 g of hydrogen

14 g of nitrogen

32 g of oxygen

44 g of carbon dioxide

11 The equation for the reaction between copper and nitric acid is shown.
vCu + wHNO3 xCu(NO3)2 + yNO + zH2O
v, w, x, y and z are whole numbers.
Which values of v, w, x, y and z balance the equation?
v

12 The mass of one mole of a chloride formed by a metal Y is 74.5 g.


What is the formula of the chloride?
A

Y3Cl

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Y2Cl

YCl

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YCl 2

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13 Which reactions take place during the electrolysis of aqueous copper(II) sulfate with copper
electrodes?
reaction at positive electrode

reaction at negative electrode

Cu2+ + 2e Cu

Cu Cu2+ + 2e

4OH 2H2O + O2 + 4e

Cu2+ + 2e Cu

Cu Cu2+ + 2e

2H+ + 2e H2

Cu Cu2+ + 2e

Cu2+ + 2e Cu

14 The diagram shows apparatus used to investigate the conductivity of different solutions.

lamp

platinum
electrodes

solution

Which substance, in aqueous solution of concentration 1 mol / dm3, would cause the lamp to give
the brightest light?
A

ammonia

ethanoic acid

ethanol

sulfuric acid

15 The energy diagram for the reaction between sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid is shown.
H+(aq) + OH(aq)
energy

H = 54 kJ / mol
H2O(l)

Which quantity of heat is liberated when 100 cm3 of 1 mol / dm3 hydrochloric acid reacts with
100 cm3 of 1 mol / dm3 sodium hydroxide?
A

0.54 kJ

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2.70 kJ

5.40 kJ

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10.8 kJ

7
16 The equation shows a reversible reaction.
N2O4(g)

2NO2(g)

The forward reaction is endothermic.


Which of these changes will increase the yield of NO2?
pressure

temperature

decreased

decreased

decreased

increased

increased

decreased

increased

increased

17 In experiment 1, an excess of finely powdered marble is added to 20 cm3 of dilute hydrochloric


acid.
In experiment 2, carried out under the same conditions of temperature and pressure, an excess
of marble chips is added to 20 cm3 of dilute hydrochloric acid of the same concentration.
The total volumes of carbon dioxide given off are determined at intervals and plotted against time.

X
Y

total
volume
of CO2

0
0

time

Which pair of curves is obtained in the two experiments?


experiment 1

experiment 2

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18 What is not an example of oxidation?
A

converting iron(III) salts into iron(II) salts

converting magnesium atoms into magnesium ions

dissolving of a copper anode during electrolysis

liberating chlorine from a chloride

19 Which metal has a soluble carbonate, chloride and sulfate?


A

barium

calcium

copper

potassium

20 Sodium hydroxide solution was added to dilute hydrochloric acid. The pH of the solution in the
flask was measured at intervals until no further change of pH took place.

sodium hydroxide solution

hydrochloric acid

What would be the pH change in this reaction?


A

decrease to 1

decrease to 7

increase to 7

increase to 12

21 Why is nickel used in the addition of hydrogen to alkenes?


A

It increases the yield of products.

It lowers the activation energy of the reaction.

It makes the reaction more exothermic.

It prevents a reverse reaction from occurring.

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22 Caesium, Cs, is an element in Group I of the Periodic Table.
Which statements about Caesium are true?
1

Caesium conducts electricity both when solid and when molten.

Caesium reacts explosively with water.

Caesium reacts with water and forms a solution of pH < 7.

1 and 2 only

1 and 3 only

2 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3

23 Elements with the code letters Q and R occupy the positions shown in the outline of the Periodic
Table.

R
Q

What is the formula of the compound formed between them?


A
24

QR2

Q2R

Q2R3

Q3R2

3 only

The list shows some properties of metals.


1

Metals are good conductors of electricity.

Metals form ions by the loss of electrons.

Metals have high melting points.

Mercury is a metallic element.


Which of these statements do not apply to mercury?
A

1 only

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1 and 2

2 and 3

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25 In the electrolysis of aluminium oxide to extract pure aluminium a compound called cryolite is first
added to the oxide.
What is the reason for adding the cryolite?
A

to reduce the corrosion of the carbon electrodes by oxygen

to reduce energy costs

to enable the aluminium ions and oxygen ions to move to the electrodes

to prevent the aluminium formed from being oxidised back to aluminium oxide

26 Iron is extracted from its ore haematite, Fe2O3, by a reduction process in the blast furnace.
Which equation for reactions in the blast furnace shows the formation of the reducing agent?
A

CaCO3 CaO + CO2

CaO + SiO2 CaSiO3

CO2 + C 2CO

C + O2 CO2

27 The steel bodies of cars can be protected from rusting by spraying them with zinc.
Why is zinc used?
A

Zinc does not react with acidic exhaust fumes.

Zinc forms a stable compound with iron.

Zinc has a high melting point.

Zinc is higher in the reactivity series than iron.

28 Solid Y is insoluble in water. It gives off a gas when heated and also when reacted with dilute
sulfuric acid.
What is Y?
A

copper(II) carbonate

sodium carbonate

sodium nitrate

zinc oxide

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29 What is the ionic equation for the reaction between zinc and aqueous copper(II) sulfate?
A

Zn2+(aq) + Cu(s) Zn(s) + Cu2+(aq)

2
Zn2+(aq) + SO 4 (aq) ZnSO4(s)

Zn(s) + CuSO4(aq) ZnSO4(aq) + Cu(s)

Zn(s) + Cu2+(aq) Zn2+(aq) + Cu(s)

30 Which gas reacts with sulfuric acid to form a fertiliser?


A

ammonia, NH3

carbon dioxide, CO2

hydrogen, H2

nitrogen, N2

31 In the Contact process, the sulfur trioxide formed is


A

passed into concentrated sulfuric acid.

passed into dilute sulfuric acid.

passed into oleum (H2S2O7).

passed into water.

32 Which gas, present in pond water, decreases in concentration during eutrophication?


A

carbon dioxide

methane

nitrogen

oxygen

33 Methane is a greenhouse gas.


Which process releases methane into the air?
A

combustion of petrol

decay of vegetable matter

photosynthesis

volcanic activity

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34 Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are both
A

absorbed by sodium hydroxide.

colourless.

inflammable in air.

lighter than air.

35 Which hydrocarbon will burn completely in oxygen to give equal numbers of moles of carbon
dioxide and water?
A

C2H6

C3H6

C4H10

C5H12

36 The diagram shows the breakdown of an alkane to ethene.

mineral wool soaked


in liquid alkane

aluminium
oxide

ethene

heat

water

The ethene is then tested with aqueous bromine.


Which information about ethene is correct?
solubility of
ethene gas

action on
aqueous bromine

insoluble

decolourised

insoluble

no reaction

soluble

decolourised

soluble

no reaction

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37 Carbohydrates, proteins, fats and Terylene are macromolecules.
Which element is found in only one of these macromolecules?
A

carbon

hydrogen

nitrogen

oxygen

38 Which structure is not an isomer of the structure shown?


CH3

CH3

CH2

CH

CH2

CH2

CH2

CH3

CH3

CH3
CH3
B

CH3

CH3

CH3
C

CH3

CH2

CH2

CH2
CH3

CH3

CH

CH2

CH3

CH3

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39 Alcohols can be oxidised to form another homologous series of compounds.
What would be the product of the oxidation of propanol?

H
A

O
C
O

H
O
C
H
H
H

40 A polymer X is hydrolysed and the two products are


H
O

and
HO

OH
H

What can be deduced about X?


A

It is a condensation polymer.

It is made by addition polymerisation.

It is starch.

It is Terylene.

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15
BLANK PAGE

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Magnesium

Sodium

Calcium

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Strontium

Key

b = proton (atomic) number

X = atomic symbol

a = relative atomic mass

*58-71 Lanthanoid series


90-103 Actinoid series

Actinium

Ac

89

Ra

Radium

88

Fr

Francium

87

Hafnium

72

Lanthanum

57

178

Hf

40

Zirconium

Zr

91

Titanium

139

Yttrium

22

48

Ti

La

39

89

Scandium

21

227

Barium

56

Caesium

45

Sc

226

55

137

Ba

133

Cs

38

Rubidium

37

88

Sr

85

Rb

20

Potassium

19

40

Ca

39

12

24

Mg

23

Na

Beryllium

Lithium

11

Be

II

Li

93

Ta

181

Niobium

Nb

90

58

73

52

96

Mo

184

Protactinium

Thorium

55

Tc
186

Re

144

Nd

92

60

Uranium

238

Neodymium

75

Rhenium

43

Technetium

25

Manganese

Mn
27

59

28

59

29

64

30

65

Ru

101

Iron

190

Pm

Osmium

Os

Np
93

Neptunium

61

Promethium

76

44

Ruthenium

26

56

Fe

Sm

150

Iridium

Ir

192

Pu
94

Plutonium

62

Samarium

77

45

Rhodium

Rh

103

Cobalt

Co

Eu

152

Platinum

Pt

195

Am
95

Americium

63

Europium

78

46

Palladium

Pd

106

Nickel

Ni

Gd

157

Gold

Au

197

Silver

96

64

Curium

Cm

Gadolinium

79

47

Ag

108

Copper

Cu

201

Bk

Terbium

Tb

159

Mercury

Hg

97

Berkelium

65

80

48

Cadmium

Cd

112

Zinc

Zn

Dy

162

Thallium

Tl

204

Indium

In

115

Gallium

Cf
98

Californium

66

Dysprosium

81

49

31

70

Ga

Ge

73

Silicon

119

Es

Holmium

Ho

165

Lead

Pb

207

Tin

Sn

99

Einsteinium

67

82

50

32

Germanium

14

28

Si

Carbon

27

Aluminium

13

12

Al

Boron

11

75

Sb

122

Arsenic

As

Bi

209

Fermium

Fm

Erbium

Er

167

Bismuth

100

68

83

51

Antimony

33

15

Phosphorus

31

Nitrogen

14

Se

79

Sulphur

Po

169

Md

Thulium

Tm

101

Mendelevium

69

84

Polonium

52

Tellurium

Te

128

Selenium

34

16

32

Oxygen

16

Yb

173

Astatine

At

Iodine

127

Bromine

Br

80

Chlorine

No
102

Nobelium

70

Ytterbium

85

53

35

17

Cl

35.5

Fluorine

19

Lr

Lutetium

Lu

175

Radon

Rn

Xenon

Xe

131

Krypton

Kr

84

Argon

Ar

40

Neon

103

Lawrencium

71

86

54

36

18

10

Ne

20

Helium

VII

Hydrogen

VI

He

IV

III
1

The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r.t.p.).

91

Pa

Th

232

Praseodymium

Cerium

59

141

Pr

140

74

Tungsten

42

Molybdenum

24

Chromium

Cr

Ce

Tantalum

41

23

Vanadium

51

Group

DATA SHEET
The Periodic Table of the Elements

16

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