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Spinning Calculation 8

Conversion of Weight units

1kg = 2.2046 lbs


1kg = 1000 grams
1gm = 15.432 grains
1lbs = 453.6 grams
1lbs = 16 oz
1lbs = 7000 grains
1grain = 0.0029 oz
1oz = 437.50 grains
1penny = 24 grains
1ton = 2204.6 lbs
1bundle = 10 lbs
1bag = 100 lbs
1mund = 40 kg
1mund = 88.18 lbs

Conversion of length units

1m = 1.0936 yards
1m = 39.37 inches
1m = 100 cm
1m = 1000 mm
1cm = 10 mm
1yard = 36 inches
1yard = 0.9144 meter
1yard = 91.44 cm
1ft = 12 cm
1ft = 30.48 mm
1hank = 840 yards

Moisture Relation for Textile Materials

M.R = w/D*100
M.C = w/w+D*100
=
M = R/(1+R/100)
C.C.W = D * (100+R/100)
D = C.C.W *(100/100+R%)
C.C.W = D+R%
C.C.W = D+(D*R/100)

Dm

D1+ D 2+ D 3

w/W*100

Volume of air = area

* liner speed (ft/min)


Pm = CA + CB/WA + WB = PAWA + PAWB/WA + WB
(feet sq)

Blow Room & Carding Section


Cleaning Efficiency = trash removed/total trash fed *100
Efficiency = tr/tf * 100
=
tf-tr/tf * 100
Waste = trash + lint

Department of Textile Engineering (BUITEMS, Quetta)

Spinning Calculation 8

Waste Extracted = weight fed * waste%


Waste Extracted = weight fed weight delivered
Weight Delivered = weight fed - waste extracted
Weight Delivered = weight fed * (100 w/100)
Weight Fed = weight delivered * (100/100 w)
Lap length (directly proportional) lap change wheel
Lap length = lap length constant * lap length constant wheel
Beats/min = rpm of beater * number of strikers
Beats/inch = beats per minute/feeding rate (inches/min)
Beats Constant = beats/inch * rpm of paddle roller
Beats Constant = beat per minute/feeding rate
Efficiency = actual production/calculated production * 100
Actual production = calculated production * efficiency
Actual production = weight of lap(lbs) * number of lap/hr
M.D = s.s of shell roller/s.s of paddle roller
Production of B/R (lbs/hr) = production constant * N(shell roller rpm) * W(oz/yd)
Production of card (lbs/hr) = DN * 36 * 60 * 1 *
36
* 840 * count
Production of card (lbs/hr) = DN * 36 * 60 * (weight in ozs) * /36 * 16
No of scutchers required = feeding rate of cards/production of one
scutchers
No of card required = production of blow room/feeding rate of card deptt
Production of card (lbs/hr) = delivery rate(m/min) * grain/yds * 1.0936 * 60 *
7000
Time to complete full card can = sliver length(yds)/delivery rate(yds/min)
No. of scutchers required = production of blow room/production of one
scutchers
No. of card required = production of card section/production of one card
Tension Draft = s.speed of C.C.R/s.speed of Doffer
Total Lap weight = lap length * weight/yd

D(Trumpet guide) = 0.015625 * count *

Waste% age = input output * 100

Input

Draw frame Section


Actual Draft =
weight/yd fed
* No. of doublings

weight/yd delivered
Production(lbs/hr) = delivery rate(m/min) * 1.0936 * 60 * No. of deliveries/7000
Production(lbs/hr)(only for two deliveries)= delivery rate(m/min) * 0.45
*grains/yd *
Production(lbs/hr) =
DN
* 60 * tension draft *

36 * 840 * hank sliver


No. of Deliveries Required= feeding rate of simplex/production of finisher
draw frame

Unilap Section
Department of Textile Engineering (BUITEMS, Quetta)

Spinning Calculation 8
Production(lbs/hr) = delivery rate(yd/min) * lap weight(grains/yd) *60 *1.0936 *

7000
Note = 1 penny = 24 grains/yd

Comber Section

Production(lbs/hr) =

L *
7000 *

F * N * H * (100 W) * 60 *
36
*
100

Note
L = lap weight in grain/yd
F = feed rate in inches/min
N = nips/min
W = noil %age extracted
H = no of comber heads

Simplex Section
Feeding Rate = * D(dia of back roller) * Rpm(back roller)
Delivery Rate = * D(dia of front roller) * Rpm(front roller)
TPI = TM

count delivered

TPI =
spindle speed________________

Delivery rate or F.R delivery in inches/min


Production(lbs/hr) = front roll delivery * 60 *
1
*

36
*
840 * count
Production(lbs/hr) = flyer rpm
*
60 * No. of spindles *

TPI * Hank roving * 36 * 840


Production(lbs/hr) = 5.7 * flyer rpm
*
spindles m/c)

TPI * Hank roving


TPI =
flyer speed______________

Delivery rate or F.R delivery in inches/min


CPM = front roll delivery(inches/min)

Bobbin circumference

CPI
CPM_______________

Liner speed of bobbin rail (m/min)


CPI

CPM

count delivered

TCP(NEW) = TCP(old) *

count( old )

count( new)

L.W = L.W(old) *

count( old)

count(new)

B.W = B.W(old) *

count( old )

count( new)

(for 120

Roving Tension

winding rate/delivery rate

(b f)D/l

Roving Tension = (b f)D/front roll delivery(inches per min)


Lifter Constant = CPI * lifter wheel
Turns per meter(TPM) = flyer rpm/delivery speed( meter per min)

Department of Textile Engineering (BUITEMS, Quetta)

Spinning Calculation 8
Draft = count deliver/count fed
New DCP = old DCP * old draft/new draft
New DCP = old DCP * old count/new count
No. of Simplex required = production of finisher draw frame/feeding rate of
one simplex
No. of Simplex required = total feeding rate of ring section/production of
one simplex m/c

Ring Frame Sestion

Production(OPS) = spindle speed


* 1 *
1
* 60 * 8 * 16 *
TPI
36 * 840 * count
Production(OPS) =
DN
*
60 *8 *16 *
36 * 840 * count
OPS from bags/day = total bags/total frame * No. of spindle per frame
No. of ring frame required = total production of simplex section/feeding
rate of one ring frame
Traveler speed = spindle speed winding speed
Winding speed = front roll delivery(inches per min)/bobbin circumference
Traveler angle = bare bobbin dia/full bobbin dia
Linear speed of traveler(m/sec) = DN/1000 * 60 (where D is ring dia &
N is spindle speed)

Auto Cone Section


Cone Length(meters) = count * cone weight(lbs) * 840/1.0936
Production(lbs/hr) = delivery rate(m per min) * No. of spindles * 60 * 1.0936 * /
840
Production per spindle(lbs/hr) = * Dia of Drum * Drum RPM * 60 *

36 * 840 * count

Open End
Production/Rotor(gm/hr) = 0.0006 * N * tex * /T.F
Rotor Speed)
Production/Rotor(lbs/hr) = 0.0019 * N * /T.M * (count)
T.F = T.M * 9.61

Some Other Relations

A.D = M.D * 100/(100 W%)


A.D = count delivered/ count fed
A.D = weight fed/weight delivered
Waste% = (A.D M.D) * 100/A.D
M.D = A.D * (100 W%)/100
M.D = s.s of delivery roll * Driver gear
s.s of feed roll
* Driven gear
M.D = s.s of delivery roll
s.s of feed roll
Condensation Factor = s.s of cylinder

Department of Textile Engineering (BUITEMS, Quetta)

(where N is

Spinning Calculation 8

Density = mass/volume
590.5 = tex * count
Yarn Diameter = k/

s.s of doffer

count

is Constant)

M.Yasir Ali Khan.


05-TE-08

Department of Textile Engineering (BUITEMS, Quetta)

(Where k

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