Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 10

w

.c
om

ce

ra

am

.e
x

(20)
(d)

Draw a simple experimental set up to measure the Hall effect and show that the Hall field can
be written as Ey = VxBz where Vx and Bz are the applied voltage and magnetic fields
respectively. What are the typical applications of Hall effect?
(20)

(b)

Briefly explain the following statements on 3-phase induction motors:


(i)

Crawling is observed in squirrel cage motors.

(ii)

Rotor resistance method of speed control is employed only in wound rotor r~~~<~;n
motors.

(iii)

Pole changing method is used in squirrel cage motors.

(iv)

Variable frequency method of speed control is used below baseo , ;e ping the
ratio of supply voltage to frequency constant.

.c
om

(a)

A half wave rectifier which prevents current flowing in one directi is


nected in series
with A. C. ammeter and a permanent magnet moving coil ammeter. n
ply is sinusoidal.
The reading on the A.C. ammeter is 10 A. Find the rea~~ other ammeter. What
e rectified instead of being
would be the reading on the ammeters if the other half w

cutoff?

~e following four variable function us~g

Reduce

(a)

Two coils A (R1 = I 00 ohm, L1 =


inductance of 0. 2 H. Find the vol
A to cause a current Of I 0
I 00 ohms is connected.

ra

(c)

am

m
'lj

.e
x

3.

a'\J

ce

2.

L1 .;ro C:

~) ~
T

(20)

map and imp! ement it in NAND

(R2 = I 00 ohm, ~ = 0.4 H) are coupled by an


equency of I 0 00 radls to be applied aero ss coil
gh coil B across whose tenninals a resistance of
(20)

IIlii (l

; KWI..u-23_0_V_3_6_A-d....c. shunt wound machines are used for speed control

. :Ward Leonard arrangement. One of them used as a generator is driven by a 6-pole, 50

netisation curve of each machine is given below at I 0 00 r. p.m.:

Field current (A)

0.3

0.6

0.9

12

1.5

18

Armature voltage (V)

I 08

183

230

254

267

276

Compute the maximum and minimum values of generator field current to give the motor a
speed range from 2 50 to !50 0 r. p.m. at full load armature current (3 6 A) with the field current
held at 0.80 A.
(25)
(c)

State Faraday's Law of induction. A rectangular loop of sides a, b has its plane normal to a
magnetic flux density of strength B0, sin oo t. What is the voltage induced in the loop?

'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"'"~~:

(15)
4.

(a)

Explain the concept of Fermi -I eve!. Sketch the Fermi -energy level for an n -type senu
conductor as a function of temperature beginning at T = 0 K and going to a very "high" temp.
Qualitatively discuss the nature of the characteristic.

(20)
The figure below shows a full wave rectifier circuit. For a sinusoidal imput voltage, plot the
voltage wave forms across R and D1.

(c)

(20)

5.

.e
x

am

ra

ce

.c
om

(b)

Answer any three


a sing!

lnt rectlfymg de111 ce 1s connected m senes wtth a mo111ng c01l ammeter and a
Jer and 1t 1s found that the c1rcu1t has a resistance of I 0 00 to

(a)

fthe~
ng

Xz

th.a n-

EC'nONB

current in one direction and infinitely large resistance to current in the opposite direction. If a
sinusoidal e.m. f. of I 0 V (r.m. s.) is applied to this circuit, what will be the reading of each
instrument and what will be the power taken from the supply?

(20)
(b)

Find X and; in terms of R and R2 to give maximum power dissipation in R2 shown in the
figure.

(20)
................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. .!~

(c)

A 3 -phase delta connected squirrel cage induction motor has certain equivalent circuit
parameters. With the same stator core, the motor is rewound with star connected windings of
same poles for operation at the same supply voltage and frequency to give same rated power
output at the same rated slip. By what factors each of the equivalent circuit parameters would
be charged?
(20)
An infinitesimal dipole (Hertzian) antenna of I em length radiates a power of I mW at I 0 0
MHz. Calculate (i) the current in the dipole, (ii) E and H fie! ds at I 00 meters. <F90 , <1> = o

(a)

415 V star connected 3 -phase, 4-p ole synchronous generator has 36 stator
double layer 3-phase windings formed through uniformly distributed coils e
s
by one slot. The diameter at the airgap is 2 0 em and the effective axial! gtli 1
m. The
rotor driven at 15 00 r. p .m is excited to result in a sinusoidally v~

r ap ux density
distribution in space with a peak value of 0. 5 T. Calculate the n
er I
es turns per
phase to generate rated no load voltage.

.c
om

6.

(d)

(20)

ce
~

c~
e~
d es. One is an air condenser with a

Two perfectly insulated condensers are


plate area of I 00 cm2 and the plates bein
the plates being separated by dielectri
voltage aero ss the combination if the te

(a)

; the other has a plate area of 10 cm2,


m ihick with a permittivity of 5. Find the
ient in the air condenser is 2 0 KV per em.
(20)

r------1

Yoo

100 !(

v.

(b)

.e
x

7.

raw typical torque-speed


ns.

ra

(c)

What are the starting methods used for !-phase induction


characteristics in each case both under starting and rur(IT'5 ~

am

(b)

(20)

(c)

Draw the circuit diagram of an R-C phase shift oscillator using a transistor with CE
configuration and derive an expression for its frequency of oscillation. Prove that

H, = 23+ 29~+ 4 RL
,,
RL
]\
(20)

8.

(a)

Consider the set up shown in the figure below for measuring Hall effect.

Assume that L = I o-1 em, W = I o-2 em. The following parameters are measured:

.c
om

lx= 1.0 mA, Vx= 12.5V


Bz= 5 x 10-2 T, VH=-6.2 mV

(c)

am

ra

ce

(b)

A 250 V, d. c. shoot motor has


and R. = 0. 6 0. The motor operates on no I oad
with a full field flux at its b~
e
I 000 r.p.m. with Ia = 5A. If the machine drives a load
requiring a torque of I 0 0
.
ate the armature Current and speed of the motor if the
motor is required to devff p
at 120 0 r. p.m. What is the required value of the external

.e
x

. ,. "'' "'"0r"" "'"'" "'""'"

(20)

md

~""" "'''"

(20)

'.!~_f:~:;~:~;;i.;:~~~~;~;~;::i:~~i.!::::::::::i '
'i t>1:itfii1:?

'if

.~.. II

ri.n~ri.n~ri.n~ri.n~ri.~~~!.~!:~:~~~i~:~i!~~~~!r~~~~:~:~;~~iif<~r~~rii~~ii~~ii~ii1:ir;;;1:?rr;~~ II
P.AP~ft ~HI

Time Allowed: Three Hours

Maximum marks: 300

Candidates should att~mpt five questions in all selecting at east two questions including the
compulsory question from each of Sections A and B or Sections A and C.

.c
om

Assume mitable data if consida-ed necessary and indicate the same clearly,

Qu2stion No. 1 is compulsory.

ce

In analog stmul atton of physt cal system, Integra

(a)

ra

(b)
(c)

The required PIV capacity of dio


required in rectifier using centre

am

(d)
(a)

.e
x

2.

stem.

(b)

one half than that


Detennine the followings

(20)

e y the speed-torque characteri sties of a 2 4> ac servomotor and compare it with


mary 3 4> induction motor. Hence describe the laboratory method to obtain its
orque characteristic.

,~t,

(20)

Sketch the Nyquist diagram. If K = 4, detennine whether the given system is stable or not. If
the system is stable, determine its gain margin. What is the maximum value of K that will
make its gain margin zero ?

(20)
3.

(a)

Obtain the transfer function of phase lead network. Show that

} ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................:.:;

a-1

sm !1\, = - - and
a+ I

Ill, =

r;;;
"(aT

where 41., w, a and T have usual meanings.


(20)

(b)

The unity feedback system has forward path transfer function

Hence find the steady state error in output if

(i)

unit step input,

(ii)

nit ramp input and

(iii)

nit parabolic input are given.

.c
om

Determine steady state error coefficients Kp, Kv and K,.

(20)

The state equations for a system are gtven by

ce

(c)

X=AX+Bu

ra

Y=CX+Du
where

am

~ l B=[~2

-3

4.

(a)

(20)

f a me using general purpose OP AMP IC 741. Design such a timer


Explain the wor~
for a time peri o
nds.

Ob~
t a n load
+
voltage and

(20)

(b)

s em to unit step input.

.e
x

Determine the output resll o e

(i)

oad voltage in case of 34> full wave rectifier. Hence calculate ripple factor.

'Ill. _

_,., s

le voltage regulator circuit is shown in Fig. 4(c). The zener voltage is given by V, =
+ 0.20i,) volts where i. is in mA. For a given transistor, assume~= I 00 and VsE = 0.3 V
(constant). Determine% load regulation if maximum load current of 50 0 mA is switched off.
<

i!: 100
+

. Q ....

----<>--

(20)

SECnONB
Qu2stion No. 5 is compulsory
Select any three of the following statements and justify the correctness or otherwise of them,
restricting your answer to within 2 00 words for each.
(a)

An amplidyne is an alternating current machine with a I ow gain.

.c
om

5.

(b)
(c)
(d)
(a)

(b)

ra

ce

6.

(20)

What are the factors affectmg corona p

am

An mductance L connects two se

(a)

What are

7.

.e
x

(c)

o -amp ere characteristic of the arrester.

s t e ratio of the voltage appearing at the end of a line with a surge impedance of 50 0
due to a 500 kV surge when the line is open circuited to that when the line is
ated by the arrester?
(20)

Explain with the help of a neat phasor diagram, the manner in which a synchronous
condenser located at the receiving end of a short transmission line improves the power factor
and maintains the voltages at both ends at the same level.
(20)

(c)

Distinguish the characteristic features of alternators employed in Hyde! and thermal power
stations. A three-Phase 400 V, 6-pole, 50 Hz star-connected synchronous motor has a
resistance and synchronous reactance of 0.50 and 50 per phase respectively. It takes a
current of 15 A at Unity Power factor with a certain excitation. If the load torque is increased

until the line current increases to 6 OA, with the excitation maintained constant, find the gross
torque developed and the new power factor.
(20)

8.

(a)

What are the essenti a! requirements of motors employed in electric traction ?

.c
om

A three-phase induction motor has a 4-p ole, star- connected stator winding and runs on a 40 0
V 50 Hz supply. The rotor resistance is 0.1 0 and reactance 0.90. The stator to rotor turns
ratio is I.75 and the full load slip is 5%. Calculate the full-load Horse-Power output.
Determine also the maximum torque and the corresponding speed.

(b)

ra

ce

(c)

Pulse Co de Mo dula

(b)

W1th a smuso1d~
FM and PM s1g

.e
x

(a)

ndicate with justification whether they are correct


words for each statement

ystems for vo1ce commurucatton employ compandin~

st gnal

and mo dulatton md1ces of 0 I each, the spectra of AM,

a!

(o)

Tho d~=

(d)

For a

ta fte, QPSK signals and BPSK signals require equal bandwidths.

(a)

A.'\~

aving a 10K noise temperature feeds a low noise amplifier of 4K noise

w
(c)

prop""""" """'..lu~gwd"' TEM

~ atW'e and 2 0 dB gain. This is followed by another amplifier of 4 dB noise figure and

I 0.

Select any Three of the following statem


or mcorrect

9.

am

Q. No 9 is compulsory.

ain. Find the overall noise figure and noise temperature of the system.
(20)

Discuss the relative merits and shortcomings of BPSK and BFSK signals.
(20)
Explain a scheme for demodulation of PPM signals.
(20)

11.

(a)

Consider a DSB-S C signal corresponding to a modulating signal x(t) of bandwidth B and a


carrier signal A cos 21tf.:t, This DSB-S C signal forms the input in Fig. 11 (a). Find the output
and comment on the result.

lrtptJI

Ou!pu~

Sign!

Fig. ll(a)
(20)
Draw the input impedance variation of an o. c. lo ssless line of characteristic impedance Ro
(purely resistive) when the length varies from zero to A. In eli cate the nature of the impedance
at every 0. 2A separation.

.c
om

(b)

(c)

(20)

12.

(a)

Discuss the significance of G/T ratio of an earth station.

(20)

ce

(b)

.e
x

am

ra

(c)