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PREWRITING STRATEGIES Handout

BRAINSTORMING: Working as a group or individually, writing down everything that


comes to mind. Do not organize or evaluate ideas at this stage.
BURKES PENTAD: A graphic organizer used to provide a frame for narrative writing
or analyzing literature. Allows the writer to focus on one aspect of the text.
ACTOR
(Who?)

PURPOSE
(Why?)

ACTION
(What was done?)
TITLE

AGENCY
(How did it happen?)

SCENE OF THE
ACTION
(Where?)

CLASSICAL INVENTION: A methodical, orderly deliberate search for ideas as


recommended by Aristotle: definition, comparison, relationship, circumstance, testimony.
CUBING: Technique in which the writer analyzes a subject from six different points of
view. (E. Cowan)
DESCRIBE IT:
Describe what you see. (color, size, shapes, and so forth)
COMPARE IT:
What is similar to? Different from?
ASSOCIATE IT:
What does it make you think of? Remind you of?
What comes to mind?
ANALYZE IT:
How is it made? Of what?
APPLY IT:
What can you do with it? How can it be used?
EVALUATE IT:
Take a stand for or against it.
FREE ASSOCIATION: Writing spontaneously any words or phrases associated with a
specific topic.
FREE WRITING: Writing for a specified time (10-15 minutes) without stopping to
analyze.
GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS: Visual aids to organize information. (examples: T Chart,
webbing, Venn diagram,
HEXAGONAL WRITING: An organizational pattern for writing about literature that
ascends the levels of Blooms Taxonomy. The writer analyzes a subject from six aspects:
literal, personal association, theme, literary devices, allusions, and evaluation. (Dr. J. Carroll)
Glossary of Prewriting Strategies

LISTING: The writer prepares a list of ideas related to a specific topic.


LOOPING: The writer chooses a word or phrase (center of gravity) from their own
prewriting to continue prewriting about and then repeats the process of finding their
center of gravity and continuing to write on the focused word or phrase.
MODELING: Teacher performs and thinks aloud to show how something should be
done.
OUTLINING: Technique that allows the writer to organize information in an orderly
systematic format.
PEER CONFERENCING: Students in cooperative groups of two or four discuss to
generate ideas.
REPORTERS FORMULA: The writer gathers information about a topic by asking
and answering: who, what, when, where, why, and how.
T-CHART: A graphic organizer that allows the writer to list pros and cons and
likenesses and differences.
TIMED WRITINGS: Writing non-stop for x amount of minutes just to see what ideas
emerge.
VENN DIAGRAM: A graphic organizer used to compare and contrast two entities or
concepts.
WEBBING: A graphic organizer that allows the writer to use diverse thinking
techniques while exploring possibilities of a topic.
wear
protective
gear

Never lose
control of
bike

Always
be aware
of
dangers
Dirt
trails

Riding in
mud or in a
rocky area

Keep eyes
moving to watch
for obstacles

motorcrossing

jumps/mounds
on the track

Stand straight
in rocks and
slouch in mud
use feet for
balance

Glossary of Prewriting Strategies

keep steady,
flexible position

need balance
in the air

Ready
yourself