Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

Material and method of detergent powder

Among the various kinds of clothes cleaning materials, detergent powder spelled out the most
widely used by almost the entire population of the world as a replacement for bar soap and cream
which has been there first. Detergent powder is widely used because it has the advantage of
having the washing power better than bar soap or cream. Detergent powder is divided into two
types, namely hand washing detergent (washing by hand) and detergent washing machine
(detergent matic). Both have different specifications, especially regarding small amount of foam
and its density. In the detergent to wash by hand, are generally manufactured with a relatively
abundant foam. As for detergent matic, the presence of foam avoided precisely because it would
require excessive flushing.
To make detergent powder, the raw materials needed consist of core materials, builders materials,
additives and other ingredients. Which includes the core material (surfactant), the alkyl benzene
sulfonate (ABS) and sodium laurel sulfate (SLS). ABS consists of two types, namely dedokil
benzene sulfonate (DDBS) in the form of blackish brown viscous liquid and linear alkyl benzene
sulphonate (LABS) in the form of a brown viscous liquid. SLS itself in the form of white
Functionally, both these materials have contributed to the increase in net power. ABS
concentration is allowed at least 95%. Building materials for detergent powder consisting of
sodium silicate which has a binding function of other raw materials, prevent clotting, and
prevents dirt sticking back. Sodium silicate is colorless viscous liquid (clear). Other builder
materials in the form of sodium Tripolyphosphate (STPP) and sodium carbonate (soda ash). Both
are useful as a water softener when washing detergent so that the function to be optimal.
Additional ingredients include sodium sulfite were added to the formation of detergent powder to
be homogeneous. In the manufacture of detergent powder formula, giving it relatively little
sodium sulfite. Additional material consists of enzymes that can increase the net for some
stubborn stains, such as optical brightener (OB) that is able to make clothes the laundry looks
bright because they contain flurosen which when exposed to ultraviolet light will radiate

brilliance. Anti-foam is added if you want to manufacture detergent powder with minimal foam,
which percentage is relatively little on the formula. Anti foam can be made from various kinds of
chemicals, such as polyethylene glycol and ethylene bis-steramida.
The opposite of anti-foam is a foam booster (alkilamida).Chemicals that acts as foam boosters
can be added if you want an abundant foam. The addition of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC)
which functions as an anti redeposisi to prevent loose dirt that was stuck due to leaching back
into the clothes. While sodium carbonated is additional material that serves as a bleach. For
sodium carbonated use relatively little because if too many will fade the color of the
clothing. Lastly, can also be added to provide fragrance perfume that will be attached to clothing.
As for the filler material is actually only a few have the function of the quality effect. Even so,
remain necessary because it can increase the volume of bulk detergent powder thus benefiting
from the economic aspect. Various kinds of fillers, namely sodium sulphate that can help clean
power and increase the volume of detergent detergent and zeolite which serves to neutralize too
much water containing calcium salts.
Other materials are also important to add is the addition of caustic soda which aims to neutralize
the acidity of ABS. thin slab of material is intangible so it needs reconstituted by inserting the
plate into the water little by little later in stir gently, not the other way with water put on the
plate. The desired concentration by 48%. Other materials in the form of water that serves as a
solvent detergent slurry in a mixer so that the dough can be mixed detergent evenly. This water is
not added too much because it can cause the detergent to be moist. All the raw materials for
making detergents can be purchased at shops nearby chemicals.
Method of Making Detergent powder:
There are three methods of making detergent powder which can be selected; those are spray
drying method, agglomeration method, and method of dry mix (CKS).

Spray drying method

is by mixing the solid and liquid raw materials are diluted with water to form slurry was
evaporated to form the detergent dry detergent. The process of making this method requires a
detergent to the spray drier machine either small or large, depending on production capacity to be
achieved. Spray dryer large capacity (3 tons / hour) is generally used by the major manufacturers
whose products are already exported sometimes even national scale. Meanwhile, spray driers
small capacity engines ranging between 100-200 kg / h are widely used by small scale
producers. The end result of this method has a detergent with a hollow grain characteristic.

Agglomeration method
is the reaction of the solid detergent raw materials with raw materials is a
liquid in a rotating drum. Characteristics of detergent that uses this method is granular
detergent is quite large so that the volume of the packaging looks a little but it feels
heavy. Unlike the spray drying method that is continuous, agglomeration method is also called a
batch process that is created for each batter.

Simple dry mix method

(CKS) is a method of making the most simple detergent because it can be done in a medium
scale (100 kg / batch). Preparation by this method can also use simple tools such as buckets,
scales, filters, gloves, measuring cups, pipettes, plastic containers, and plastic bags. Detergent
granules of these methods granular solid but softer than detergent granules made by the method
of agglomeration. Output can be generated from this method is as much as 25-30 kg / day.
After knowing the constituent materials and methods of manufacture
of detergent powder detergent, the next step is to prepare the formula. The important thing
to note is the aspect of quality and cost of materials. In addition, it is also important to
determine the target market who wants to target, because it also created a formula that will
determine whether to create a formula for the price low, medium or high. Formulation of
raw materials is also determined from the method of manufacture that will be selected,
as if making different then the formula would be different. The difference of this

formulation to facilitate the business in achieving the target market that has
been predetermined. It is also to anticipate the business competition in the field of detergent.
Marketing and Constraints:
To market detergent powder in order to be well received in the market, which should be
done by the business is by targeting specific markets such as laundry business emerging lately. In
addition, businesses can also do marketing with a system of multilevel marketing (MLM). Both
ways of marketing can be done by novice entrepreneurs due to general market already dominated
by large producers with a vigorous advertising and promotions. In order
to compete with the already well-known brands, one way is to make detergent powder whose
quality is much superior to the foam and fragrance (fragrance or aroma) are delicious, but at a
cheap price.
Constraints in the manufacture of detergent powder is a quality standard because it requires
sophisticated equipment and spray driers quite expensive. But for entrepreneurs who do not have
a large capital, can use simple tools in the form of dry mixing (dry mixer) which is relatively
inexpensive and can be made. Or for entrepreneurs who do not have the capital to apply for a
loan in order mspaydayloans capital issues can be resolved.
Although currently most famous brands is arguably dominate the market, but business is
still business prospects are quite promising, provided that can produce detergent powder with
competitive quality and price is relatively cheap and able to target the right
market. Evidently some powdered detergent home industry can last for
years and quite successful. Opportunities are also wide open because of the many consumers
in big cities prefer to use powdered detergent than other types of cleaning clothes.