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Gazetteer of Endor

Copyright Gabriele Quaglia and Eric Dubourg 2003


Editor's note: This remains very much a work-in-progress, and is subject to change before it is
completed. This gazetteer includes new lands as well as revisions of the previous gazetteer written
by Pete Fenlon. This includes notes from the Illuin Bay, Ormal Bay, Womaw and Lochan projects
being worked on by Cory Rushton, Gabriele Quaglia, Stphane Hoerle, and many others.
This file provides basic information about the various regions of the continent of Endor. The
geography is based on the alternative map of Endor drawn by T. Morwinsky, as seen in Other
Hands issue 29/30 (July 2000). There is now more information about some of these lands, such as
the Chyan Empire and Mmakan. This is the first fruit of a massive task being undertaken to
continue work on expanding the East and South of Middle-earth for role-playing purposes. You
can learn more about this project by visiting the Fan-Modules Yahoo Group or by joining the
mailing list directly by sending a blank email to fan-modules-subscribe@yahoogroups.com.
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Acaana
Acaana is a high, grassy plateau situated along the southeastern flank of the Ered Harmal (aka the
Ered Ormal). The Acaana Rush, a broad and swift river, forms its southern boundary. The Gaath
Hills form the region's northern and eastern border. The Aca Gap is the only easy route between
Acaana and Anarik to the south. The Aca Gap is home to many bands of thieves and robbers. To
the west is the Rocky Pass, which is much more dangerous due to the Orcs that infest it. The Rocky
Pass leads directly to Chy, and because of its dangers, most Chyans and Anarikan use the coastal
road that leads through Anarik. Another danger in the Rocky Pass is the city of Akala-Zaj (The
Fallen City of the Sakal an-Khr people), which is populated by fierce warriors - probably the
descendants of the Aca tribes and the Sakal an-Khanm who were forced from Anarik. These
warriors keep in check the Orcs of the Rocky Pass, and on some occasions launch raids on the Aca
lands, and more rarely in Anarik. The Aca folk, fierce and independent Ibavin-speaking
clansmen, herd their goats and horses throughout Acaana. Most Aca live a semi-nomadic life,
although about a third live in the villages along the Acaana Rush on a year-round basis. They often
make raids into Anarik and into the Chyan lands through the Aca Gap. Acaana is usually a subject
state of Anarik.
Aeareryn
Aeareryn (S. "Sea of Trees"), is a huge taiga woodland that stretches along the coast of the Sea of
Silluin. Mostly uninhabited, it is sometimes roamed by Avarin herders and wanderers.
Aegan
Situated between the Orocarni (Q. "Red Mountains") and the Romenar, Aegan is a large and
heavily forested coastal region renowned for its myriad tree species. Its two grand temperate
forests provide a home to hundreds of different kinds of maple, oak, chestnut, cherry, hickory,
elm, pine, and spruce. Besides yielding countless medicinal resources, lumber and pitch for boats,
and various oils and syrups, the rich woodlands shelter numerous beasts. Large cats and apes

dominate the local chain of life. The Aegaw reside throughout Aegan. A Womarin-speaking people,
they constitute the southern branch of the same Hildo family that produced the Womaw. The four
Aegaw tribes - the Uonurk (central), Ornurk (west), Dawurk (east), and Arxurk (south) - share a
largely common culture with their brethren across the Bay of Swirling Waters. Only geography
sunders their union. A watery gulf and rugged mountains help restrict free movement and,
because Aegan's two rivers (the Orosr and Dawahr) run southward, the Aegaw focus much of
their commercial attention toward the south. Like the Womaw, the Aegaw enjoy a strong,
somewhat rigid political tradition. The four tribes each elect their leader, a "Hion", in an annual
midwinter's moot. Blood plays a major part in these elections, and it is not unusual for one family
to oversee a tribe for a number of centuries. Every four years, the election is especially important,
for afterwards the four Hioni join to select another individual as Hionvol. The Hionvol serves as
the Over-chief of all the Aegaw. He resides at Uon, where he maintains the Four Shrines, conducts
foreign policy, and wages war. Aegaw symbolism is rich and varied. Nature and family provide
many of the themes. All four Aegaw tribes carry similar banners, each a two-color design with a
stylized tree emblazoned on a contrasting field. The Ornurk's flag involves a dark red pine on a
pale lavender background, symbolizing their affiliation with the Orosr Valley. A green maple on a
white field serves as the symbol of the less numerous but powerful Uonurk. The plentiful Dawurk
carry a banner that nearly mirrors this design, for it displays a silver oak on a green field. A yellow
cherry on a black field denotes the Arxurk. When joined, the Aegaw carry a large flag incorporating
all four of the tribal fields (lavender, white, green, and black) and adorned with a black chestnut
tree-the symbol of tribal unity.
Agnikuyak
This rocky coastal plain is struck frequently by blizzards. In the summer, when the icecap retreats,
it transforms into a boggy plain roamed by scattered herds of reindeer, and a few bands of Agnica.
Very isolated, this land communicates with Urd only through the frozen Firth of Rocks from
September to April.
Aigvalg
Aigvald is situated along the northeastern flank of the Orocarni (Q. "Red Mountains") and along
the southern shore of the Sea of Illuin. It is a very cold, rocky and windswept land. It is inhabited
by scattered bands of Aigar - a Mornerin-speaking people.
Aldhad
Aldhad is a low steppe land located around mountains called by the Lynerian scholars the Arc of
Fehda. It is located to the east of Dhaht and to the south of Gaathgykarkan and Ibav. Like Dhaht,
green grasslands are the main landscape of Fehaj. According to old tales, Folud was a Dilikhran
leader who fled the tyranny of some Dilikhran tribes (especially the quarrelsome Mudhriag and
Rumyari) in Dhaht with his people to the safety of this land. Fehda chose to be entombed in the
highest peak of the Arc, Mount Othul, so that he could keep a watchful eye on his people for
eternity. Folud's people consider themselves Lynr allies and often act as mercenaries in the
Lynerian League against the Zurghr tribes. They are accustomed to jungle survival, as they very
often make expeditions into the forests of Maaken in order to collect the various rare herbs and
woods of the region.
Alduryaknar
The southernmost portion of Endor's High East-plain, Alduryaknar lies around three thousand
feet above sea level. Its temperate climate and ample rainfall make it a fine pastureland. Here,
horses and cattle prosper under the skilled hand of Adek-speaking Alduryakna herders.
Amirakh
Irakh is a chain of relatively well-explored and moderately settled islands. Well known by mariners
of the Southern Archipelago, the chain is sometimes known as the "Silver Road" since it is an
important way station of the sea-lanes. The chain is composed of twenty-two major and around
two hundred minor islands, which extend two thousand miles into the Haragaer. Some of these
islands remain uncharted and unexplored. Beautiful and mountainous Amirakh is the largest isle
in the Irakh chain. Some of these islands are occupied by a diverse group of Rkhe-speaking

traders and fisher-folk, and by the Pi elves. Amirakh is heavily influenced by neighboring Sre
and Vulmaw peoples. Struggles over its outlying island domain make it a frequent target for
invasion.
Ammu Baj
Along the frontier of Harshandatt, the Ammu Baj hills rise, covered by the forest of the same
name. The forest is tropical, as opposed to those located at the Ered Harmal foothills, which are
coniferous. Located in the hills is the border city of the Chyan Empire, Tenolkachyn, "the Fortress
of Vigilance." It holds an impressive fortress that protects the Chyan Empire against invaders
coming from Harshandatt. The city is magnificent, with splendid gates, bustling market streets,
and impressive temples. Near the city center are the massive Megaliths, erected in honor of the
Highest High King of History. There is an old saying here that "when the city falls, so will fall the
Chyan Empire." This axiom has been proven true several times in history. The city is not entirely
military in nature, however, as plenty of pleasure and entertainment can be found here.
Tenolkachyn is one of the main cities of the Empire.
Anarik
The land of Anarik can be divided into three major areas - the coastal lands south of Bulchyades,
the Ered Harmal, and the eastern lands stretching to Codya, which are heavily forested. The river
Kriis, also named Glrithilduin (S. "Gold Shining River") is the clear frontier between the three
different regions (for both geographic and historical reasons having to do with the successive
migrations and invasions throughout the Second Age).
Olyas Kriis is a semi-arid peninsula located west of the southern reaches of the Ered Harmal. It
stretches south from the Endor mainland, about two hundred miles out into the Bay of Ormal. Dry
hills dominate its central and southern quarters, while forests lie along its eastern border.
Kythor (El. "River Coast Land") is located between the rivers Kriis and Alturaj (which also
represents the frontier with the Vulmaw realm). In contrast to Olyas Kriis, Kythor is a less dry
land, with a little more precipitation and more diverse plant life. There are many more fortified
cities and villages than in Olyas Kriis, probably for fear of pirates and the Vulmaw.
The capital city of Kadar Abar-nark (Ad. "Citadel of Iron Eagles" - also called Ost Angthoronion,
which is unusual for a Dark Nmenrean realm), is situated at the mouth of the River Kriis in a
formidable natural harbour with enough space for an entire fleet. But the sea currents near the
river end ("the Sea-storm Gulf") are very difficult to navigate, so only expert captains are able to
sail here. Wrecks are frequent, so the main commercial routes to this central Anarik city are by
land.
Near the source of the Kriis the mines are very rich, basically gold ores (the most important in the
bay), and in a nearby region iron ores as well. The mineral is taken from the mines down the river
by rafts driven by bargemen clans who are very reclusive but who are also very friendly with the
few Kuorind elves that remain in the coastal temperate rainforests.
Anarik is one of the various rwani realms in the South. They consider themselves a major
power of the Bay, but they are not as haughty and arrogant as most of the other regional powers.
Their traditional enemy are the Nmenreans of Sakal an-Khr, while their favored allies are the
realms of Bellakar and the Lynerian League. Anarik is ruled by a king, a hereditary office held by
the ruling elite of (now) partially rwani stock. This realm was founded by the son of Herundil
the Storm King, Lkhuzr, and his supporters (both Nmenrean and native), and its purpose was
to fight against effects of Herundil's brutal reign in the area.
Anbalukkhr
Ciryatanr (Anbalukkhr) owes its name to Tar-Ciryatan, for it was originally established in the
Second Age (1904) as a Nmenrean colony. Ciryamir, the original founder of the domain, was the
cousin of Mrazr (the future Witch-king) and the father of his successor, Akhrahil (another
future lair). Bewitched by his vile son, he committed suicide in S.A. 1918. Akhrahil ascended the
throne on the first day of the next year. He subsequently conquered a vast portion of southern
Endor. After accepting a Ring of Power in S.A. 2000, he broadened his hold, only to run afoul of
his Nmenrean liege (Tar-Ancalimon). Ciryatanr lies north of the Ered Laranor and east of
Tulwang, some 200 miles inland from the southern Belegaer. Ciryatanr is comprised of three
dissimilar lands: Curinshiban with its tropical humid forest, Seznebab as a temperate mountain
place, and Zajantak a rather semi arid land. These lands are usually not united.

Curinshiban lies north of the Ered Laranor and south of Tulwang. Zadan an-Adn ("Tower of Red
Sunset" Qu "Marath Carnadn", S. "Barad Annn"); serves as its traditional capital. The other
important cities are Kadar an-Khradun at the mouth of river Balakurush, Arhazn-Tark
("Shining Sea Pillar of the Adnai"), Alkathnda ("Castle of the Coastal Sea Forest") near the
frontier with Khradun, and Azrulni (Ad "Haven of the Sea") near Kadar an-Khradun. Azrulni
is the third most important city of Curinshiban after Kadar an-Khradun (one of the greatest port
cities of all the Southern lands, eclipsed only by rzyan in Bellakar and Bozisha-Dr) and Zadan
an-Adn, home of Anbalukkhr's navy.
Seznebab is the region on the northern drainage of the Yellow Mountains between Chennacatt,
Curinshiban and Zajantak, between the Yellow Mountains and the Kurryan Bay of the Sundering
Sea. Seznebab and Curinshiban together formed the Second Age Nmenrean colony of
Ciryatanore (or Anbalukkhr). Seznebab is also the core land for the conquests of the Nazgul
Akhorahil and the Army of the Southern Dragon. The climate in the temperate highland valleys is
comparable to that of Nmenor, which easily explains why Nmenreans settled there. All the
trade routes are controlled by two fortresses built during Second Age, Adn-Tark ("The Red
Tower") and Btan-Urd ("The Mountain Path City").
Zajantak is located on the northern foothills of the Yellow Mountains, and is subtropical with oasis
valleys, tropical forests as well as deadly swamps. Zajantak became in the Middle Third Age the
garrison land for the Army of the Southern Dragon, and was only part of the realm of Anbalukkhr
during Akhrahil's rule.
Angclax
Located south of the eastern branch of the Ered Engrin (S. "Iron Mountains"), Angclax (Ang.
"Beyond the Angranit river") is a desolate coastal region. Forlorn rock outcroppings and screefields cover most of the area, although spongy, heath-covered plains lend life and color to the
southern and western reaches. A handful of Mornerin hunters roam the coasts and river valleys of
this land, trying to make a living out of the hardships of the environment and the Urdarin
domination. Few of these Angclax clansmen venture into the highlands to the north, where
Mountain-Orcs and other monsters reputedly reside.
To the northwest of Angclax (near the springs of the Angranit River) lies Drhar-shatr, the
capital of the Dwarves of Drhar's Folk.
Arg-Smorg
A large isle located in southeastern Endor, Arg-Smorg is a blessed domain renowned for its swift
streams, clear lakes and well-protected harbors. It is among the prettiest sites in all of Endor.
Situated in the shadow of the Oroslo, it rises out of a triangular gulf called the Yawning Bay. Two
hilly peninsulas, Faelaan (to the north) and Ka'ish (to the south), surround the seaward sides of
the bay, as if a pair of arms reached eastward from the mountains in order to capture the island
and its surrounding waters.
The Argaw rule Arg-Smorg. They are descendants of the Womaw settlers who seized the island
from its indigenous Fale inhabitants. These Argawin speaking people remain close to their
ancestral kinsmen, and maintain strong trade ties with the Aegaw and Lochaw, who also
descended from the Womaw. A very civilized and urbanized society, most Argaw reside in the four
cities of northern Arg-Smorg: Zyras (at the northern tip), Smor (on the east coast), and Tor and
Nhaag (north of the large, central lake called the Stoybr). The only remaining Fale settlements
are sprinkled in hills west of the Akaak Wetlands, in the southwestern quarter of the isle.
Steep mountains rise along the western coast of Arg-Smorg. Here, the landscape precludes road
building and most travel is seaborne. Although the area accommodates numerous fishing villages,
it is devoid of larger settlements.
Southern Arg-Smorg is dominated by a vast marsh, the Akaak Wetlands. Fed by the river Akaak
and subterranean runoff from the Stoybr, it is a sea of swampy grasslands. Few people live in this
rich but inhospitable area.
Aside from the Akaak, the Arak is the only navigable river on the island. It serves as the Stoybr's
only negotiable outlet to the Yawning Bay. Fifty miles long, it connects Smor, the area's largest
city, to Nhaag, the capital. Boats from Smor, which is situated at the mouth of the Arak, can
easily make their way upstream to the Stoybr. Nhaag is only a fifteen-mile journey across the
deep lake.
The symbol of Arg-Smorg is a diving, black marsh hawk. This stylized bird adorns the flag of the
Argaw, a triangular white banner with a blue frame.

Arth
Arth is a generally sandy, four hundred and seventy-five mile long island situated in the
northeastern part of Endor's Southern Archipelago. A one hundred mile long jungle forest
(primarily pines, coconut, palm and cedar) dominates the central portion of the isle, which has an
extremely wet but mild climate. The fauna is prolific, represented by lovely and graceful birds,
different species of serpents, and insects. Hunting birds and tropical serpents (some of them are
considered very rare and only native from Arth) is considered as a sport by the Vulmaw nobility,
and these animals are sold at very expensive price in the northern market places of Ormal Bay, like
Chajapn, Abar-Nark, Caerdhyan or Drej Uriac.
Two port towns-Arsuon in the northwest and Vucuon in the southeast-accommodate nearly all of
the island's thirty thousand Vulman-speaking residents. This island was settled by Vulman people
in the beginning of the second millenia of Second Age, in an attempt to control the Southern
Archipelago. The coast is also strung with a line of scattered villages. The villagers earn a poor
living by trading in plantains, dried shrimps, banana, citrus, sugar-cane trees, and the product of
the coconut palm (coconut husk ropes, lumber, reddish palm oil and copra cake - dried coconut
meat). The oil is sent in jars to the cities of Codya, where it is most appreciated.
Avikangsdar
Located along the northwestern flank of the Ered Engrin (S. "Iron Mountains"), Avikangsdar is an
extremely cold, tundra-covered region. This bleak, almost uninhabited domain is best known for
its ferocious winds and bitter winter temperatures.
Balkulni
The Niss River empties into a very large gulf. The coastal lands are extremely fertile, with a hot
climate (tempered by sea breezes) and frequent precipitations. Streams are numerous, and water
soaks the earth in summer as in winter. The warm climate is convenient to the development of
luxurious forests. It is one of the best fishing grounds in all of Endor. Thousands of fish species
reside in these clear and warm waters. The Bay shelters four important anchorages from west to
east: Nirshat, Blzadan, Abr-Zadan (at the mouth of the Niss River) and Gimil. One other
important city of Balkulni is built to the south of the Treddas Mountains, and is named Kadar anUrud.
The Niss valley and the Lynerian League coasts and forests are the most fertile regions of Ormal
Bay. The warm climate is convenient to the development of a luxurious flora, mainly composed of
palm trees, date palms and numerous types of fruit trees. The hills are green, covered with thick
grasses and strewn with a multitude of small multi-colored flowers. Inland the flora becomes more
bushy and sparse.
Barl Syrnac
The Barl Syrnac is the western branch of the Iron Mountains, comprising great glaciers and snow
capped peaks (the highest peaks reach 5000 meters), raised by Morgoth to protect his fortress of
Utumno. These glistening spires protect the more temperate coastal taiga to the east from the
harsh winds of Forodwaith. Great evergreen forests cover much of the taiga, especially in the coves
and bays of the Sea of Illuin. Traditionally, the Barl Syrnac can be divided into three different
regions: Azjan (called by Dyrian and Mornerin "the Land of Evil Spirit"), Ukal Sj ("the Rivers
double Bay") and the forest of Dyr.
Azjan is rather rugged and inhospitable. There are few forest, several secondary chain peaks,
coastal sharp cliffs, and taiga plains. This land is usually avoided, except by the fools, as this was
there that Morgoth and his evil servants established themselves. According to Dyrian's tales, the
evil servants are still there, the most feared being Gostir, a pure white Cold-drake, the ancient
"Dread-glance" of Dyrian legend, and perhaps some deadly spirits of cold or fire.
In Ukal Sj, there are more than ten great rivers that take source from the Barl Syrnac. the most
important river is the Lusraig (Lo "Colored Reddish Foam River"), the longest in all Ukal-Sj,
named for the reddish colour of the waters, that takes its source near the secret cave of Gostir. A
local tale tells that one must not cross the Lusraig river, for it represents the drake domain's entry.
All rivers had not been named, as some of them are very short in distance. Some rivers are named
in honor of Dyrian or Mornerin gods. The mountains are there rich in minerals, such as clay,
granite, sandstone and copper. There are several little bays, taiga plains and forests with a

blooming fauna and flora.


This wide valley is the most rich and populated area of the all Barl Syrnac, and furthermore suited
for agriculture (cereals). The sea is extremely rich in fish and crustacean, the fauna with animals,
and the valley in medicinal and nutritive plants. That is why both the Dyrian and the Mornerin
exiles built near the coasts several permanent settlements. Another reason is that enables them to
better resist against Lothragh and Orcs assaults. The most important sites are Olyavud (Dy
"Mountain Graceful Village), carefully protected in the mountains by frequent patrols and
arranged traps, near river Uskd (Dy "The River of Destiny"), Elyam, near Dyr forest, and Yjuvt,
at the mouth of river Lusraig.
The woodland of Dyr is stretched between the western bank of the Ujelsha River, and a spur of the
Iron Mountains, the little Nojd River, which is rich in clay and in copper. Formerly inhabited by
the Dyrians, there is still in Dyr some abandoned villages, occasionally occupied by marauders,
Lothragh raiders and Orcs. This vast and wild dark taiga is now occupied by two tribes of the HalfDwarves the Fustir-Gost Umli, who are avoided by the Lothragh raiders.
Bellakar
South of Gondor and Mordor lies the vast desert of Haradwaith. Much of its western expanse lies
under the dominion of Bellakar, a warlike kingdom of coasts and hills, lying between the deepest
of seas and the most barren of wastelands. Together with the neighboring land of Raj (BozishaMiraz) to its southeast, Gondorian maps label Bellakar "Far Harad" (as distinct from Haruzan or
"Near Harad"). Bellakar boasts a mix of different cultures: Nmenrean, native Bellakaze, Aukuag
tribesmen of the desert, Bozishnarod from Raj, and a tribal people from the East called the Tedjin.
In such a varied realm, conflict seethes eternally.
Bellakar is divided into three different regions: Mardruak, Felayja and Bellazen. Hazaj Tollin is the
most important city of Mardruak, a land where Umbar and Near Harad influence are very great,
through the several invasion attempts led by Tedjin or Umbarean mercenaries. This is reflected in
the cosmopolitan cities of Mardruak, mainly Narik-Zadan - an important trading center for
Arnorian, Tulwan and Seven Lands merchants. The Monastery of the True Faith, located in the
mountain desert east of Hazaj Tollin, is the important religious center for Bellakar, and it is from
there that priests come to teach the true Faith to the Bellakar inhabitants.
Felayja, the land of the Sun, is dominated by two great cities, rzyan and Nllond, the capital
of the mighty realm, the only ally of Gondor in the South. Felayja also hosts the two most
important forest of Bellakar. In Auz Azunan ("Hills of the Spiritual People") and in Hau Nysrin
("Mountains of Virtue") live secretly the Honnin and the Cuind Elves).
Bellazen is a land of contrast, between Felayja and Bozisha-Dar. Bozisha-Dar, Tulwan and Seven
Lands merchants are very often there, especially in the cities of Korlea and Esmer. Bellazen is the
Bellakarian stronghold, as it was from there that the Tumakveh rebuilt the realms and fought
battles against the invaders, Tedjin or Bozishnarod alike. Korlea is the second most important city
of the realm, and is unmatched as far as military protections.
Brd
Like neighboring Tana, Brd is an inland realm situated near the southeastern shores of Endor.
The Oroslo (Q. "Mountains of the Wind") rise to the west, while the rivers Kirmas, Runk, and
Breacna serve as the area's northern, southern, and eastern, boundaries, respectively. Since the
Runk and Kirmas serve the two principal tributaries to the mighty Ams Breacna (which empties
into the sea less than a hundred miles downstream from the Kirmas Junction), virtually all of
Brd is connected by a riverine highway.
Brdim culture combines the indigenous Braric traditions with influences from nearby Wl and
Lochas. Wlim and Brdim peoples share a common language and social organization, and Braric
political structure mirrors that found among the Lochaw.
Sgl, Runk, and Brd are Brd's three urban centers. Situated on the southern bank of the
Kirmas in the northwest, Sgl commands the great pass through the Oroslo known as the Wind
Gates. It is the largest and wealthiest of the three towns. Brd, which stands in the central hills, is
home to only eight thousand people; however, it serves as both the political and spiritual center for
all the Brdim. The westernmost of the trio, Runk, is a little larger than Brd; and, like Sgl, is a
major river port. Located by the Runk Plunge, a waterfall where the Runk becomes unnavigable, it
commands the only bridge across the river.
A plain white orb serves as the Braric symbol. The orb punctuates Brd's Lochan-derived flag,
which employs a four-color field. Divided diagonally, the rectangular field represents the four

cardinal directions. Red denotes the East, green the South, purple the West, and blue the North.
Originally a small kingdom founded by Womaw colonists in the early Second Age, Brd became
one of the most important provinces of the Lochan Empire throughout the late Second and Third
Ages. Following the final dissolution of the Empire in the 17th-century, Brd actively engaged in
empire building, thwarted by its equally aggressive neighbors and the overwhelming might of
Waw.
Bulchyades
Located on the northeastern coast of the Bay of Ormal, Bulchyades is a low, arid region known for
its colorful, Chyan fishing culture. Its sparse population resides in three distinctly different areas.
Most people live in the lower Denly river valley. Some make their homes in the coastal fishing
villages, while others live in fortified hamlets in the western foothills of the Ered Harmal. The
latter make their living as herders or miners.
Although it produces fine fish, olives, and wine, Bulchyades is best known for its plentiful reserves
of metal. Mining, metallurgy, and metal crafting account for most of the region's trade. Tin, brass,
bronze, silver, and gold flow from the neighboring mountains.
A Chyan-speaking people, the Bulchya are related to all of their neighbors. They enjoy a stable,
peaceful lifestyle, despite the fact that their relative wealth occasionally invites unwelcome Aca
raiders from the warlike domain of Acaana.
A trio of silver spoons constitutes the symbol of Bulchyades. The Bulchya banner is red rectangle
emblazoned with the three spoons, which are arranged in a vertical row.
Burskadekdar
An upland area noted for its hills and named for its hundred mile long lake, Burskadekdar is home
to nearly a quarter million Adek-speaking people. Its ancient and diverse traditions lend it
remarkable strength and stability. Burskadekdar traders, anglers, planters, and herders form the
most resilient of eastern Endor's myriad plains culture. Its well-armed warriors enjoy an
unparalleled record of martial success.
The city of Skad is the largest city in the region. Situated on an island in the midst of Lake
Burskadekdar, it is renowned for its twenty-five stone causeways. These wide bridges connect the
walled town to an outer ring, which is in turn joined to the mainland by five, fifteen-mile long,
elevated roads. The five highways cross an array of both floating- and fixed-span bridges.
While the majority of the city's population lives in the walled core, over a third of the local
residents reside in small hamlets along the ring or major causeways.
Although much smaller than Skad, the old town of the Burskadekdar remains an important
ceremonial site. It is located in the hills of southwestern Burskadekdar. Like its name, the town's
gold, ring-shaped emblem serves the entire region. It is the symbol of Burskadek unity, and adorns
the pure black field of their twin-tailed flag.
Cevra
Cevra is a very long island (83 miles long north-south, 81 miles long east-west on its largest part)
situated in the northern part of Endor's Southern Archipelago and surrounded by coral reefs that
are only seen at low tide. It is occupied by about two thousand Vulman-speaking residents. About
a third live in Alcevrok and Ergali, ports located respectively on the Wur Cevrok (Vm. "Nighthome Bay"), on the west-central coast and on the east extremity of the island, near Arth. Many of
them are breeders, farmers or fishermen.
Cevra's generally thin soil still supports two rain forests, both of which stand toward the windward
(eastern) side of the isle. Protected by the chain of central hills, the northwestern side of the island
yields ample crops of grapes, citrus, and other fruits. Here, the soil is thicker. The local wine,
which is sweet and fortified, is prized throughout the southern Middle-earth.
Chennacatt
Chennacatt lies along the northern flank of the Ered Laranor, on an arid plateau bounded by the
mountains and the rivers Chenna and Sresha. It comprises the western portion of Greater Harad,
the region the local Apysaic-speaking tribesmen refer to as "Srayn." Its modest population is
concentrated in riverside towns, especially the walled city of Tartaust.
Although some residents of Chennacatt farm, most of the scattered rural folk herd goats or sheep.

They produce wool that, like cotton and flax, is used in the region's thriving cloth and rug
industries.
Chey Sart
Chey Sart is situated in the center of Endor-between the Ered Harmal to the west, the serpentine
Talathrant to the north, and the Chey Rill to the east. Although it is renowned as homeland of the
lair Ren Jey (the eighth of the Nine Nazgl), it is best known as the traditional center of Chey
culture. Its most notable physical feature, the solitary volcano known as Ulk Chey Sart, is revered
by all Chejan-speaking peoples as the birthplace of their culture. Aside from the Chey Hills two
hundred miles to the northeast, the black peak is the only height interrupting the vast Sart
grasslands (which measure six hundred miles from north to south and four hundred miles from
east to west).
Chy
Situated west of the Chy Gap, a broad pass in the Ered Harmal, Chy is an arid, hilly area that sits
astride one of Endor's most important overland trade routes. It is named for a confederation of
Chyan-speaking tribes. This is the core land for the Chyan Empire, which incorporates also Ammu
Baj, Bulchyades, Clyan and Lodenly. The Empire is usually ruled by a High King (Ch "Rashaja"),
either from Pelepelpl, or from Chajapn (the capital of Lodenly).
The Chyans are fierce enemies of the Easterlings of Khand and of Orcs, whom they kill on sight.
They have a long-standing rivalry with the Aca warlords and the Mranians of Harshandatt, a
realm they have managed to conquer several times during history. Their beliefs are not far from
the Nmenrean faith, as they revere the True One God Asruta and his fourteen children (to whom
they place opposite the Great Demon and his fourteen children). They entertain a permanent
embassy in Tl Harar and in Abar-Nark, capital of the realm of Anarik, a Black Nmenrean
realm.
Pelepelpl, or "Strongflow," is the traditional capital of the region. Built on a collection of nine
terraced hills, it is linked to the neighboring mountains by a collection of six, multi-tiered
aqueducts. The elevated waterways are paired and linked in order to increase their stability.
Besides conveying water from no less than three highland streams, they act as dual-level highways.
Encircling the city, they also serve as fortifications. Each is a marvel of engineering and a
testimony to the High-kings who commissioned their construction. The six monarchs Ganashshyn, Shbragan, Ganachyn, Gansh, Tasagana, and Ganagan (in chronological order) are all buried in towering tombs astride their respective aqueducts. Their monuments comprise six
of the eighteen "Spires of Strongflow" (Ch. "Pit-apo-Pelepelpl").
Cmonemor
Island-realm of Elves in south-eastern Middle-earth. Ruled by the parents of Elorior. The island
was a virtual paradise, and not many Elves bothered to sail West despite the enmity of Dwar's
Waw in the Second and Third Ages; the only notable time of departure was just after settlers from
Waw seized the isle in 1507 TA.
Clyan
Clyan is located on the arid southern flanks of the Ered Harmal, between Lurmsakun in eastern
Harad and Chy. Most of the land of Clyan is rolling or rugged, standing well above the lowland
deserts of Harad (averaging 2,000 feet), which helps to mellow Clyan's harsh climate. A Chyanspeaking people, the Cly tribesmen can boast of few mineral resources and little political unity.
Most live in fortified hilltop villages, troubled occasionally by goblins from the Ered Harmal or
Haradon raiders from the scrub deserts to the west. They subsist on cattle, sheep, and goats, most
making their living by herding or rug making. The wealthiest of the Clyan villages serve as market
centers for trade with wealthier lands.
Codya
Originally founded as a Vulmaw colony, Codya is the youngest and westernmost of the Womawrelated domains. It is positioned north of the mouth of the Bay of Ormal, near the southeastern tip
of the Ered Harmal. Like Chy, Codya is also a region of contrast. The land is similar to Bellakar.
Five different environments exist in Codya: the volcanic islands, a broad strip of coastland (about

20 to 60 km), the desert and the Treddas and Tem-Dazran mountains.


The most important city built in the archipelagos by the Vulmaw is Myrn Shryac, the inland city on
the volcano's slopes, located in the Vultures Bay, near the frontier with Anarik, designed to be the
most important fortress of all the Codyan land.
The coastal grounds are extremely fertile, permanently irrigated by rivers, and favored by the
weather. This is a coastal hilly wooded land, a very hospitable country, and consequently these are
the lands with the highest population density in all of Codya.
In the stone hills, water from the few Codyan rivers sourced in Anarik or in the Treddas
Mountains empty into some dead alkali lakes. The ground is calcareous and the climate extremely
arid.
The desert is as barren and arid as can be expected, but it is not the Mirror of Fire, as life, even if
difficult, is still possible and exists. The desert is made of sands and rocks, with several oases. The
Treddas Mountains and their offshoot the Tem-Dazran represent the natural frontier between
Codya and Balkulni. The mountains' peaks rise some 3000 meters above the sea. Few passes
exists to provide travel to eastern Middle Earth. There are some important fortresses in the
mountains, following the Vulmaw tradition of isolation.
Cuivac Wmaw
One of the oldest Hildo realms, Cuivac Wmaw is the ancestral home of the Wmaw people - one
of the four original Womaw tribes. It comprises the southeast portion of the great peninsula
known the Quendi as "Cuivistar." This cool, grassy land is graced with rich soil, fine harbors, and a
surprisingly moderate climate.
Cuivinen
Cuivinen was once situated between the steep western flank of the Orocarni (Q. "Red
Mountains") and the eastern shore of the Inland Sea of Helcar. It served as the birthplace and
original homeland of the immortal Firstborn. Essentially torn apart during the apocalyptic change
after the Great Battle at the end of the First Age, both the Inland Sea and the land of Cuivinen
remain near-mythical locales.
Daldunair
Daldunair is a marshy land located around a two hundred mile-long lake of the same name. It lies
deep in the plains of eastern Endor: east of the Rycolis, south of Lu Tyr Su, and west of Uster Kryl.
The vast grasslands of Kargagis Ahar stretch far to the south. Its sweet water and strategic location
astride one of Endor's busiest trade routes make Daldunair a choice prize for hungry conquerors.
An isolated group of indigenous, Linerin-speaking fishermen and fowlers protect themselves from
the frequent raiding and wars by living in Daldunair's numerous floating, lake-borne hamlets.
Dalpygis
Comprising the eastern part of the central Talathrant basin, Dalpygis is a cool, rich, grassy steppeland located in heart of Endor. It is a volatile area beset by frequent migrations, wars, and plagues.
The indigenous Aharin-speaking groups often find themselves subjugated or confined to the
surrounding hills.
Desdursyton
Desdursyton lies along the Iron Mountains, on the eastern shores of the Bay of Illuin. It is best
known, though, as the home of the Tratalamar, a great mere situated atop the Traparsa,
Endor's largest butte. The Dysdirani consider the Tratalamar (which they call "Gerlkneshe" the "Spirit-mere") a holy place. These fierce, Tyran-speaking Men are widely considered thieves
and rogues, who serve no one.
The realm is for the first time unified in SA 2510 by Razeral, warlord of Rakiborzal with the
support of an Orcish army form U-Lyshak. Like Rasedkh of Kiebk in rcheldor, Razeral accepts
a ring of Binding; he is later known as the Plundering King, and is responsible for a campaign of
plunder in the lands east of Desdursyton, and for the fall of Hisilond by the end of Second Age.
Dhath

Dhath is known to its Dilikhran inhabitants as "the land between the mountains." To the west,
near the Niss Valley, is the l-Buldaz chain. To the south are the Pontym coastal mountains, and
to the east are the Iriagi Mountains. To the north, Dhath is bordered by a desert known as the
Uljian. Dhath is a semi-arid land with average precipitation. It is a very windy land as well, and
massive storms often strike the large basin.
Green grasslands are the feature of the Dhath region. Forests are only located to the north, near
the l-Buldaz mountains (which are also named by the Dilikhran tribes the Elkas mountains),
with coniferous trees, and to the south in Lynahar with deciduous trees. There are also some large
lakes near the Iriagi Mountains. Several intermittent rivers feed these lakes, which are full in
winter and at a low level in summer.
The Dilikhran are nomads that are far from being united. They live in small hut villages, and are
mostly farmers and nomadic pastoralists. Their only city is placed at the middle of Dhaht, and is
named Widh Br (Di "the camp city"). It is in the hands of the Ulkis tribe. There are seven great
Dilikhran tribes, and fourteen minor tribes.
Dshera
Located south of the central Yellow Mountains (S. "Ered Laranor"), Dshera is a warm, wet, hilly
land crisscrossed by streams and punctuated with lakes and swamps. It lies between the Bay of
sakan to the west and the river Koros to the east. It is populated by a variety of peoples, most
notably Chailuk-speaking Woses (in the remote hills) and Mmakanin-speaking fisher folk (along
the coasts).
Elorna
Elorna is a low, flat coastal region located between the Belegaer and Yellow Mountains, in
southwestern Middle-earth. The Onpu Mispr forms the area's southern boundary. A haven for
migratory birds and other denizens of its vast tidal wetlands, it is ill suited to herding, farming, or
other industries. Accordingly, Elorna remains the same dense and often impenetrable wild the
Elves first spoke of during the early Second Age.
Ergahem
Ergahem is an island located in the southeastern part of Endor. Hilly, forested and sandy, the
island is surrounded by coral reefs, which easily explains why mariners avoid approaching
Ergahem, and are forced (if they want to go to Folyani), to go into the Sea of Winds (which is filled
with pirates). There are several Rkhe settlements along the coasts. They are peaceful, and live off
of the sea, and the phosphate found here which they trade to the Vulmaw and the Ohjan. The
climate is equatorial and very warm. The island is moderately covered with various tropical fruit
trees.
E-Sorul Sare
One of the largest islands located off the coast of Endor, E-Sorul Sare is the principal isle in the
vast Southern Archipelago. It is populated by the Sare people, Mmakanin-speaking tribesmen
known for their hunting, fishing, and rice-growing skills. Steep mountains dominate the central
portion of the U-shaped island. Jungle covers portions of the long coastline.
The islands that form the Ulban chain (Islands of the Claws) are a treacherous maze of hidden
reefs, mangrove swamps, and contrary currents. Without a knowledgeable pilot (who only can be
hired from the locals), any ship venturing into the channels does it at maximum risk. The
treacherous waters aside, these islands are also populated by Sre people. It is believed that this is
there that the ancestors of Sre people first settled and built their first city, Miyin-Tar (now
reduced in ruins through the conflicts with their Mmakani and Tantraki neighbours). These
islands are barely hospitable, as it is poor in animal life and in flora (only a few palm and coconut
trees). Nonetheless, some few villages exist, and greatly benefit for their survival of their proximity
of Mulvyann (Island of the Shell).
The other major islands of the chain are Olyad (Great Island) and Mulvyann. Olyad is bounded on
nearly every side by cliffs and flows of volcanic rock, except in the south. Like E-Sorul Sre, the
main landscape is mountain, with four peaks above 5000 feet (all extinct volcanos). The land is
rich in limestone and basalt rocks. This is near a tropical forest and along the course of the Tonga
River that are established the Sre people, who cultivate oil palm, date, coconut and banana trees.

Mulvyann is like an extension of E-Sorul Sre. Similar landscapes can be seen there.
The climate of both islands is tropical, the temperatures are very high (but tempered by marine
breezes and mainly trade winds), but rain is not generous during the summer season. In winter on
contrary, the rain can be intermittent.
Faelaan
Faelaan is a two hundred mile long peninsula running southeastward from the eastern flank of the
Oroslo. The Romenar washes against its northern and eastern shores, while the Yawning Bay
forms its southern boundary. Hilly and well forested, Faelaan is a reasonably pleasant land. The
mountains block much of the prevailing winds and a warm current insures safe sailing. Its
principal river, the Oronsr is rich in fish and, while swift, wide and deep enough to navigate for
two-score miles.
Still, the area's relative isolation and shallow, rocky soils make it unattractive for many settlers. It
remains a thinly populated region dominated by other peoples, notably the Aegaw, Argaw,
Lochaw, and Ts'dan. In fact, the region's name is Womarin and means "Land of the Fale," for
Faelaan is the ancestral home of the Fale tribes.
Folyani
Folyani is the largest island located in the Sea of Winds. Unlike Nejhen, Folyani suffers little from
tidal waves and earthquakes, as most of the borders of the island are made up of high cliffs and
mountains, and there is little volcanic activity. The southern coasts provide several natural harbors
and hilly coastal plains. There are four different groups of mountains, reaching up to 3000 meters,
as high enough to be snow-tipped during winter. Four different rivers run from these mountains.
There are also verdant and bounteous valleys, rocky soil, large lakes and deep forests.
This island is inhabited by the Ohjan, distant relatives of the Lynr and the three tribes of Edain.
The Ohjan may once have been part of the Lynr migration, but lost their brothers in the dark
forests of central Middle Earth. They managed to go south, traveling the hostile lands of Maaken
and Aldhad, and reached the Sea of Winds. Not wanting to stay too long in Nejhen with the Nejh
pastoralists, they built small boats and eventually came, with some luck, to Folyani. They built
small villages in the mountains, and in the following centuries, contacted the other human
population of the Bay of the Coral Reefs, and the Elves of the nearby island, Cmonemor. These
peaceful contacts enable them to learn much from the Elves. The Ohjan are great lovers of the
arts, and their cities are magnificent, with golden palaces and exquisite temples to their gods.
Unlike the Lynr, they were early on ruled by a King, who established in the sixth century the
capital city of Thurbiand in the mountains. The Ohjan became expert in the arts of war and
diplomacy, and soon dominated the nearby island of Ergahem, only occupied by a group of Rkhespeaking traders and fisher-folk. They represent one of the four major powers of the Bay; the
others being Jamna, Sakal an-Khr and the Vulmaw.
Gaathgykarkan
Gaathgykarkan is a low steppe-land situated between Ibav and the Bleak Mountains.
Characterized by short, lush grasses and gently rolling countryside, it is the southernmost plain
among the vast array of flatlands stretching across central Endor. Its moderate climate and
sheltered position provide inviting pasturage for its Aharin- (in the north) and Ibavin-speaking (in
the south) residents, most of whom are herders.
Gan
Gan lies south of the eastern Ered Laranor (Q. "Yellow Mountains.") and north of the Bay of Gan.
It is a warm, wet, hilly region noted for its deep lakes and lush, hardwood forests. Populated by
both Mmakanin- and Tuktanin-speaking peoples, it serves as a major shipbuilding center.
Geshaan
Once the center of a wealthy kingdom, Geshaan suffered by far the worst of the lands of the
Mmakan when the earth shook with the fall of Beleriand and the drowning of Angband. The level
of the land sank and water collected there, but not into a lake, as it might. Instead, a swamp
formed: an unclean place of rotting trees and creatures of darkness. The Koros River and the areas
around it are suitable for traveling, for it has a swift current and permits no collection of foul

refuse; but farther in, where the land is uneven and pools and mires collect, all manner of things
grow. Within lies the city of Given and somewhere, the temple complex of Ty-Ar-Rana.
Gak (Gkien)
Situated north and east of the Womaw Reach, the easternmost arm of the Orocarni (Q. "Red
Mountains"), Gkien is a large, rugged peninsula. Thick hardwood forests occupy most of its rocky
coasts, while swift, chilly rivers and extremely deep lakes dominate the inland areas along the
mountain flanks. Ceer Gak, a great swamp surrounding the mouth of the Gak River (Wm.
"Aceer Gak"), lies in the southeasternmost corner of this ancient Womaw homeland.
Like the rest of the old "core-lands" of Womas Drus which includes Wm Shryac, Kiangnan, and
Maekche Gak is named for the tribe that first settled its cool but temperate hills. Their tribal
center at Alk-Gak on Leer Gak still serves as one of the Womaw's four capitals. Great hunters
and fisherman, the Gakaw are the most revered Womaw line.
Like the rest of the old "core-lands" of Womawas Drus - which includes Wm Shryac, Cuivac
Wmaw, and Mak - Gak is named for the tribe that first settled its cool but temperate hills.
Their tribal center at Aalk Gak on Leer Gak still serves as one of the Womaw's four capitals.
Great hunters and fisherman, the Gakaw are the most revered Womaw line.
Haen
Situated along the northeastern flank of the Orocarni (Q. "Red Mountains"), Haen is a cold but
temperate peninsula surrounded by the Weer Womaw (Wm. "Womaw Gulf"). Haenac Tataweer
serves as the capital, but the Hion of Haen lives sixty-four miles to the north, at the Eight Tiered
Hall above the watery Haen Steps. Established by the Aokos family - the most revered of Haen's
original families-the hall is a major center of Womarin-based scholarship.
Harshandatt
Harshandatt is an arid coastal region located east of the Haradwaith Desert. It lies along the
western shores of the Bay of Ormal. Harshandatt is comprised of two dissimilar areas: firstly, the
Nar valley and the coastlands, and secondly, the Jelhat Kurj (Mu. "Barren Desert"). While the
valley of the Nar river and the coastlands are the only reasonably fertile zones in all of this
country, the Jelhat Kurj extends over many square miles, parted in two by the river: to the south it
meets with the Kirmlesran hills (and the N-Tava to the southwest), and to the north it goes out of
Harshandatt and fades gradually into the steppes next to the Ered Harmal. On the other side, the
first reaches of the Mirror of Fire mark the western boundaries of Harshandatt.
Inhabited by the Mranians, Apysaic-speaking traders and fishermen, it comprises the
easternmost region of Greater Harad. They are either independent (and when they are the Black
Leopard's realm created in SA 625 is fully affirmed in Tl Harar, in Chyan lands and in Anarik),
either under domination of the Chyan Empire.
Hathor
A united kingdom, traditionally ruled by a strong monarch out of the capitol city of Tanith, Hathor
is somewhat of an enigma for a realm on a peninsula. As is obvious to anyone studied in the ways
of races, the Hathorians are not native to their land. Blond and blue eyed, with naturally fair skin
(though tanned by the sun), they apparently migrated to their present land long ago, although
certainly not by sea. As a race, they fear the open sea like no other - even more so than the
Dwarves do. Short trips about the Koros Bay or even along the southern coast bother them not at
all, but just the mention of a long sea voyage will drain the color from the face of even the bravest
Hathorian warrior. This of course is a source of endless amusement for their Elven neighbors, as
the Hathorians are not afraid of much else; in fact, they are considered reckless by other
standards.
The king maintains an army of respectable size to guard the borders facing potential enemies. The
Hathorians traditionally do not wear armor, but carry light, very effective shields, and are excellent
with the composite bow and broadsword.
Heb Aaraan
The hill country of the Heb Aaraan lies fast against the steep eastern face of the Suncrown, the
highest and most rugged peaks of the Ered Harmal, high above the adjoining lands and

consequently wooded and relatively well watered. Its people are Chyan-speaking woodsmen who
are often dominated by the more powerful lords of nearby Chey Sart.
The name Aaraan is itself Avarin Elvish. Much of the country near to the mountains or away from
the major caravan trails is inhabited by the Taarun, an Elvish people. They are rumored to live in
several exotic cities situated in beautiful mountain valleys. Lords of the warlike Chey from east of
the mountains, and the more civilized Haruze from the western slopes, have occasionally sent
armies into the mountains to find the Gleaming Cities of Heb Aaraan. Few survivors returned from
these expeditions and these claim to have seen only small villages of well-cut stone and hedge,
guarded by Spirits of Fire and Storm.
Neither the Taarun or the Mannish hill-clans of the Heb Aaraan contest the control of the
mountain passes with nations who send trading caravans over the Ered Harmal, so an uneasy
peace usually reigns throughout the region even in times torn by war. The Heb Aaraan's few towns
deal in timber, animal hides and exotic medicinals. Although there are no active volcanoes in the
Ered Harmel, the titanic forces that raised the mountains still regularly release heat from deep
within the earth. The region boasts a multitude of hot springs, some renowned for their healing
powers. Heb Aaraan's largest lake, the Chyasraan, is fifty miles in length, all of it warmed by hot
mineral waters, so that it perpetually steams through the chills of deep winter.
Helcar Sael
Helcar Sael lies along a narrow coastal shelf on the eastern flank of the Orocarni (Q. "Red
Mountains"). It comprises the rich and well-protected Sael Valley, which once served as the
principal eastern route into Cuivinen. The uppermost part of this wide river vale is called Parth
rulis, the "Field of Fire-honey," in name of its nectar-rich flowers. The Cirith rulis is the main
pass through the central Orocarni. It leads east and then north to Moinarlin - "Monarlan" in the
Womaw tongue - a great collection of waterfalls that spill into a pool that feeds the river Cuivisr
and the great lake of Helkanen in Helcarth.
rulis is actually a cross-shaped vale. The centermost portion is home to the hallowed Ayiigawm,
the "Dragon-fields," where the Womaw bury their High-kings - the so-called "Hionvori." Here, a
complex of huge, circular grass barrows linked by stone-lined subterranean halls covers an area of
about sixty-four square miles. Haututumkodur stands at the center and serves as the resting place
for the golden drake that helped educate and unite the founders of Womawas Drus. The Avari of
Helcarth refer to the place as "Angulkaparsi." Though the Elves regularly pass by the area, they
are careful to respect its sacred boundaries. Ironically, few Hildor ever see the place. Most turn
away when they see one of the sixteen laen Dragon statues that mark the border of the burial
ground.
Tatamrilis, a Womaw port city near the mouth of the Sael, and the province capital, houses nearly
three quarters of the area's hundred thousand Womarin-speaking residents. Aligned along four
huge, interconnected bridges, it is a marvel of stonemasonry. The town serves as the principal
point of exchange between the Womaw, Aegaw, and the Avari. It is the chief city in the Red Gulf
(which the Aegaw call the "Bay of Swirling Waters").
The Avari have a small settlement in Calentaur, the forest north and west of Tatamrils. These
Elves trade with the men of Tatamrilis and with their brethren on the western side of the
Orocarni.
The Khazd reside to the south of the Cirith rulis. Originally from the northern reaches of the
Orocarni, the Khazd relocated to the south of the Cirith rulis after stripping the northern
mountains of their wealth. Sections of the northern mountains are riddled with mineshafts and
glory holes testimony to the Khazd desire to work the materials of the earth.
Helcarth
Situated around a long, exceedingly deep lake tucked into the steep western flank of the Orocarni
(Q. "Red Mountains"), a remnant of the now-lost Inland Sea of Helcar, Helcarth is a mysterious
Avar realm. Legends suggest that it constitutes part of ancient Cuivinen, the old coastal home of
the Quendi. Helcarth's Elven overlords live in a beautiful, pastoral land characterized waterfalls
and streamside parks. A great circular earth-wall surrounds their kingdom. Thus, the Avari remain
apart from the Hildor. The three entries into Helcarth all follow long, heavily guarded channels
and passageways.
Only the East-gate, the "Doors of Morning," is kept unlocked. They open toward Moinarlin (Q.
"Dear Exalted Mere"), a pool fed by three waterfalls and the birthplace of the river Cuivisr. The
Doors of Morning actually open onto a grass-covered road that winds under the great cataract

spilling out from Moinarlin. The fall forms a watery arch that gives birth to a virtually perpetual
rainbow.
The Cuivisr is one of three major streams emptying into the great lake of Helkanen. Helkanen is
all that remains of the Gaer Helcar. Its cold shores form the core of the Avari's guarded homeland.
Hildrien
Hildrien, the "Land of the Followers," was the birthplace of Men (Hildor) in the First Age. Now
mostly submerged beneath the Gulf of Hildrien, it lay south of Cuivinen, in the Farthest East of
Middle-earth. Its southern boundaries skirt the northern flanks of the Mountains of the Wind.
Ralian lies to the west.
Horl
Horl is located south of Ralian, along the western flank of the Orosli (Q. "Mountains of the
Wind"). Inhabited by a Horlek-speaking people, it is a rich, temperate plateau.
Ibav
Ibav is a low, flat land located between Lochas Drus and the Bleak Mountains, surrounded by
hardwood forests. Ibavin-speaking people, the Ibaavi, live in the central plain and on the eaves of
the forests, dominated by a tribal warrior class and a powerful priesthood ruled by a single King.
Idurk
The Niss River rises in the Tem-Eskam, a mountain chain splitting from the Ered Harmal that
rises some 3000 meters above sea level. The river is fed by two glaciers, as well as the torrential
rains falling on the mountain peaks. Few passes exist to provide safe travel to Northern Endor, as
the mountains are infested by Orcs. Only one known road is in use. The climate is cooler than in
the neighboring regions of Uljian and rakhan. In winter, the mountains are entirely covered by
snow, which renders the pass much more difficult.
The mountains, like many others, are particularly rich in minerals: there can be found in these old
vulcan peaks a predominance of quartz, feldspar, and mica. These minerals (as well as many
others) glow in the dawn light. These minerals are highly desired by Vulmaw or rakhan
merchants, who engage mercenaries companies to fight against Orcs if necessary to obtain them.
There are also copper mines and marble quarries in the mountains here.
Idurk is the breadbasket of the northern Niss valley, as to the north the land is surrounded by
desert and steppes. The valley is quite hilly, there are many coniferous forests (pines, oaks, and
willow) along with some more tropical and exotic trees. The river valleys of Niss and Nusar are
fertile and lush. Of the two, the Niss valley is more fertile, thanks to the cool air coming from the
mountains and to more frequent rainfall.
The Idurk, distantly related to the Chyans, have lost the nomadic ways of their ancestors,
probably when in contact with the Verikis and Senr peoples (tribal peoples related to the Elinse).
The most important city, the capital of Idurk, is Idm ("the City of the God"), which is very
famous for its concentric walls and its temple with seven platforms (called Ziggourat). There are
many villages, very often fortified, and always dedicated to one particular god of the Idurk
pantheon, with one important rule: local gods are not revered everywhere and some are
considered as blasphemous by others. The Idurk civilization is centered on rivers Niss, Nusar and
the Ishlt (as it is considered the frontier with the rakhan realm).
Imaldawath
The forest east of Ibav, also called the Great Forest, separates this land from Lochas Drus, forming
an unsurpassable barrier. This huge hardwood forest is inhabited by Avar Elves, the Awartasi (Aw.
"Forsaken Ones"), who call their land Imaldawath (Aw. "Under the Trees' Shade"). Seduced and
deceived in the Elder Days by Morgoth, they have created a peculiar Elven civilization in a bizarre
balance between Elven nature and the awaiting of the Dark Master's return.
Iskah
Iskah lies tucked between the Great Forest of Urd and Aeareryn in Northeastern Middle-earth.
Situated about two hundred miles west of the Sea of Thilluin, it is populated by a rugged, reclusive

Mornerin-speaking people, often subject to the rule of the Urdar.


Isra
An arid, somewhat hilly land located along the northeastern flank of the Ered Laranor (Q. "Yellow
Mountains"), Isra is part of Srayn - "Greater Harad." It comprises all the land including and
between the Maudar and Srsis river valleys. Its sedentary, Apysaic-speaking population is
concentrated in the two vales, both of which support substantial agricultural communities. Their
principal crops include wheat, rice, and cotton.
Jamna
Jamna ("Coast of the Black Sand"), located to the east of Sakal an-Khr on the bay of Coral Reefs,
is very often covered by clouds of black ash from the volcanic Unay ("Jagged Ridge") in the east.
The Chasr, a people distantly related to the Zurghr and the Jop, populated these lands. The
climate is of monsoon type, relatively dry, cool winter from Girithron to Ninui, dry hot summer
from Gwaeron to Lothron, the northwest monsoon brings dry weather from Norui to Urui, and the
southeast monsoon brings the wet season (maritime winds and precipitations) from Ivaneth to
Hithui.
In the east are the Unay and their foothills. Parallel with the Jagged Ridge are the northern
plains, which extend from west to east. These plains were originally an inland sea that had been
filled through time by deposits brought down by rivers, especially the Erala and the Usufa. Now
these plains are quite hilly and forested.
Ulakj, a coastal plateau that is relatively dry and deforested, forms most of southern Jamna. It is
also the most fertile area of all Jamna, thanks to the west winds coming from the Jagged Ridge
that bring rich black ash to the soil. There are very few sandy beaches - instead tall black cliffs
rising hundreds of feet above the sea dominate the shoreline. At its eastern edge lies the Ejht, a
low range of hills and a broad coastal plain. The Erela is not only Jamna's most important river
(taking its source from the Jagged Ridge); it is also considered sacred by the Chasr.
These lands were not considered of interest to the Nmenreans of Sakal an-Khr until the reign of
King Ar-Sakalthor. Gold was discovered in the Erela River, and rubies were found along its banks.
This land suddenly became more interesting to the potentates of Sakal an-Khr. There, on the
mouth of River Erela, the Nmenreans established a fortified outpost called Nimir Kadar, the
Shining City, and its port became one of the largest and busiest of all the ports of Middle-earth.
Near the largest gold deposits the nobles of Nmenrean and Chasr descent built fortresses, and a
new name for the land came into the common use - Pharazain, the Golden Lands.
Jendiar
Jendiar is situated along the southwestern flank of the Orocarni (Q. "Red Mountains"). It is
occupied by Linerin-speaking farmers and herders. Best known for its vast system of subterranean
wells and channels, it yields large, steady crops of grain and hearty fruits.
Jojojopo
Jojojopo lies at the southern end of the Akenshn mountains, on a peninsula sundering the Shay
Bight to the east and Sunum to the south. Blessed with countless harbors, a mild climate, and a
wide variety of mineral-rich landscapes, its Narnerin-speaking Jop residents have enjoyed relative
stability and prosperity since the early part of the middle of the Second Age.
Kael
Kael is located just east of the central Orocarni (Q. "Red Mountains"). It lies along the
southwestern shores of the Weer Womaw, the gulf west of the Womaw Sea (Wm. "Oweer
Womaw"). Famous for its "Stone-walks," four covered highways, it is a civilized and well-settled
land. Only the swamps of northern and eastern Kael remain untamed.
Ka'ish
Hilly and forested land north of the Ams Breacna and east of the Orosuli. Ts'dan from V'Shrang
conquered Ka'ish in S.A. 323-48. There, in Shelf-lands east of the southern Orosli, they
established the K'Prur culture. Their Narnerin-speaking descendants reside throughout the

heavily-wooded Proric peninsula, while intermingling with various local groups. Ts'eml, K'il, K'iv,
K'fig, and H'ent comprise the area's major towns. A province of the Lochan Empire on the
northwestern peninsula of Lochas Drus, in the 16th-century TA Ka'ish seceded from the Lochan
Empire and managed to hold its own against the failing Dral line and its allies. Ka'ish under King
Zemkar ul nearly succeeded in gaining the Empire when he married the last Dral Hionvar's
widow. By the end of the Third Age, however, the region was known as "Old Ka'ish," a backwater
region.
Kargagis Ahar
Kargagis Ahar is vast grassland in east-central Middle-earth. Located on a 3,000-foot high plateau,
it lies about halfway between the Talathrant and Endor's eastern highlands. It is populated by
numerous Aharin-speaking tribal confederations. Most are semi-nomadic herders.
Karn Ord
Situated along the southeastern flank of the Orocarni (Q. "Red Mountains"), west of the river
Orosr, Karn Ord is populated by a mix of Aegaw and Ubain peoples. Most speak Womarin,
although many in the western highlands speak an old Linerin dialect.
Kaylund
Kaylund is an island nearly all covered by forest, except in a few areas. Like Sunum, Kaylund is a
Vulmaw colony, famous for its wine exported all over the Bay, from Codya to Lochas Drus. When
Lochas Drus fell, Kaylund was submitted by force to the Folyani hegemony, and later the Cha-t'o
mercenaries established here a realm of their own under their great leader Yoenk.
Khnd
Khnd stretches between the southeastern flank of the Ephel Duath and the northwestern edge of
the Ered Harmal. It occupies the semi-arid plateau bordering northeastern Harad and thus
commands the great Khnd Gap, the hundred mile wide pass facing southern Rhn and eastern
Mordor. Nrad lies in the hills to the northeast.
Hot, dry, and windy, Khnd is an unforgiving locale. Its flat, lowland areas afford few means for
stable settlement. Scrub and desert abound throughout Lower Khnd. Here, horse herders move
their lightly encumbered bands around a circuit of periodic shelters and encampments, their
routes dictated by the location of springs, seasonal pools, and intermittent streams. The only
permanent settlements lie along the broad, shallow Knife River, a tributary of the Harnen.
Sturlurtsa Khnd - the traditional capital of Lower Khnd and the largest city between Umbar and
the Talathrant - stands by the confluence of the rivers Knife (V. "Noz Peka") and Gold-horse (V.
"Medlshad Peka"). It is the home of the powerful rpof and Olna clans.
Upper Khnd, which comprises the eastern and northern quarters of the region, enjoys a bit more
rainfall and cooler temperatures. The more numerous tribes of the area are generally richer and
more settled than their brethren to the west and south. Upper Khand's principal city, bssh-taPavter (V. "Refuge from the Flailing Wind"), stands only about 170 miles east and upstream from
Sturlurtsa Khnd; however, it receives twice the precipitation and a lot less heat than its larger and
more important counterpart. The town is home to the Irbo clan.
Lork is the sister city of bssh-ta-Pavter and the second town of Upper Khnd. The home of
the Achef clan, it has produced most of the Variag kings. vathar Achef, the greatest conqueror of
the line, became the ninth of Sauron's accursed Ringwraiths. vathar (aka "vatha") was born at
the Caves of lbamarl. The vast caverns wind up and down through a mountain spur located in the
southeastern part of the Ephel Duath (S. "Shadow-fence"). They include two permanent towns and
seven shrines. Here, the bones of many Kings are entombed (the Variag successors strip the meat
from, and then eat, their fallen monarchs).
All seven of the Variag confederations speak Varadja and share a common culture rooted in an
ages-old reverence for the horse. Superb riders and warriors, they are without peer as cavalry.
Kharadn
Hyarn lies along the southwestern coast of Endor, between the Belegaer and the western flank of
the Ered Laranor. The river Aronduin (S. "Woods-river") forms its northern border. Although
colonized by Nmenreans, it is actually an Aden realm founded by Apysaic-speaking Haradrim.

Relatively pureblooded Adena reside throughout the inland, most of which is semi-arid scrub or
grassland. More wealthy mixed-blooded descendants of the Adan settlers live by the coast or in
rich river vales along the area's northern boundary. Many of the latter group deals in the region's
numerous timber products.
Kirakh
Kirakh is a modest-sized group of hilly islands in the southeastern part of Endor's Southern
Archipelago. Hilly and sandy, they are known for having poor soil and little water. Like many of
the neighboring islands, Kirakh chain is populated by Rkhe-speaking traders and fisherfolk. The
first notable exception is Nmirakh, the westernmost isle. Its central lake is home to dozens of
varieties of strange and often unique acquatic species. The second exception, the easternmost
island, Kirakh is covered by sandy beaches and whitish stalagmite spreading out over 10
kilometers square, which seen from the sea is quite an impressive spectacle. Of an oval form,
Kirakh is entirely surrounded by coral reefs that emerges from sea at sea tide. There are several
Rkhe settlements along the coasts. They are peaceful, and live from the product of the sea, and
from the phosphate, which is exploited by the Vulmaw of Vulm Shryac. The climate is equatorial,
the temperatures are rather high (about 25 to 35 C). The island is moderately covered banana,
coconut, pandanus, papaws trees. Many of the other islands are not inhabited or explored, and
nearly all have a vulcanic origin, like the Llikh chain.
Kirmlesra
Kirmlesra is located to the north of the lower reaches of the Sresha River, near the southwestern
shore of the Bay of Ormal. It comprises one of the lands of Srayn, or "Greater Harad." Arid and
hilly, it is known for its light, porous, and often alkaline soil. Few, save the hardiest of plants, enjoy
any hope of surviving in this unforgiving domain. It is not surprising that virtually all of
Kirmlesra's Apysaic-speaking residents live on its southern fringes, in the northern Sresha Valley.
Those that reside elsewhere live near the deep wells of the area's few oases.
Koronand
More than any other realm in the Mumakan area save Tantrak, Koronande is a united country.
Also worthy of mention is the fact that the government of Koronande is a republic, extremely rare
in Middle-earth. The majority of the elected officials in this mixed Kirani/Elven country are Kirani,
not that the Elven population is subjugated in any way; rather, even the Elves elect Kirani
representatives, knowing that they themselves lack the initiative to participate actively in what
they consider a 'complex' government. On the other hand, many of the Koronande legislators and
governors have Elven advisors, who often survive several turnovers of office, being excellent
noncommittal sources of information and wisdom. As may be expected, the Elves inhabit the more
rural, forested areas of Koronande, constructing beautiful and elaborate homes in the branches of
the huge trees, which often grow to heights exceeding 200' the greatest example of which is
Tauronde, the city which presides over the district of the same name, north and west of Korlan. It
is almost entirely Elven in population, and its governor and senate representatives are Elves (it has
been speculated that there is Noldorin blood in some of the Elves of Tauronde, for, of all the
immortals only the Noldor showed great drive and perseverance). Tauronde the city is in fact a
cluster of the Luraks, lord trees of the jungle, into the branches of which have been built elaborate
homes and shops, inns and halls, all well over one hundred feet above the jungle floor. The capitol
of Koronande is Korlan, on the mouth of the Koros River. The realm is divided into six districts,
each having its own main town and governor. The Senate consists of twelve members, two from
each of the districts, who meet monthly for three days to decide matters of concern to the realm as
a whole. The Republic has a strong navy, the only one in the region that can contest that of
Tantrak - no doubt part of the reason that country attacked them, and the reason that attack
failed. They are the traders of the Mumakan and, not surprisingly, Korlan is the main trading city,
and a center of commerce. The Elves of Taaliraan have a more extended trading network, but their
volume is a fraction of the Koronandan's.
Kosth Leer
The largest island chain in the Romenar, Kosth Leer is comprised of nine major, and hundreds of
minor, isles. Kael is located just east of the central Orocarni (Q. "Red Mountains"). The

archipelago delineates the northern boundary of the Womaw Sea (Wm. "Oweer Womaw"). To the
west is the Weer Womaw, the or "Womaw Gulf," while the frigid Helkar lies to the north.
Unlike Uiven to the south, Kosth Leer is surrounding by cold, shifting currents and strong north
winds. It is a rugged and nearly treeless domain populated by tough Womaw seafarers. Tatamaac
Pvaan, the capital, houses no more than ten thousand residents.
Kbor Sd
Kbor Sd lies along the northeastern edge of Endor's broad East-plain. A hardwood forest
separates it from Iskah to the northwest. Its northern and eastern boundaries are defined by the
vast taiga forest known as the Illuin Wood. The Sea of Illuin is situated about two hundred miles to
the north, on the other side of the primeval woodland.
The Kbor, a collection of Mornerin-speaking herders and trappers, reside throughout the cool,
grassy Sd fields. They are relatives of the Rbor peoples, who make their home in the higher
lands to the southwest.
Kykurian Kyn
Kykurian Kyn lies east of Rhn, above the western banks of the Talathrant. A vast grassland
characterized by intermittent collections of rolling hills, it is populated by a host of ever-shifting
Ulgathic- and Ioradja-speaking peoples. The former group, which dominates westernmost Kyn
and eastern Rhn, are known throughout Gondor as the "Wain-easterlings." The latter are often
referred to as the "Balchoth."
Llikh
Long and hilly, Llikh is the largest island in the group of the same name. It is lies about two
hundred miles off the south coast of Endor, in the vast Southern Archipelago. Over four hundred
miles long, it is one of the larger islands in the Haragaer. Like Amirakh to the south, Llikh is
populated by Rkhe-speaking traders and fisher folk.
The human implantation concentrates mainly near the coasts, and mainly in the east or in the
south. Fayn, the city chief port is located in the Lu-Shi bay (Vulm "Shell"), where are can be found
trout, lobsters, huitres, crabs, as well as different fishes and many shells (which easily explains the
bay name). Fishing is the first resource of the island, resold in the markets of Cevra and Llikh.
Immediate to that bay, Ulshan and Sskh islands (Vulm "Islands of the Slaves"), which shows a
similar landscape (mountain, forest and sandy beaches) than Llikh, is mainly known for Hanawa,
the chaos city and for Asat Mount, an old vulcan still in activity, which dominates Hanawa bay. In
the northern part of the island, a native population, relative to the Sre live there, and it is usual
for them to propell victims to the vulcans in order to receive benediction and peace from their
gods. This faith is a good source for slaves for Hanawa pirats. Unknown to the natives, who are
rather reclusive, only a slight pourcentage of victims are really precipitated into the vulcan. The
others are then resold everywhere on the Southern Archipelago or in every trading center in the
North at exorbitant tariffs.
Lochas
In S.A. 347 Woma Dral, Hion of the Surk (a tribe of the Womaw) brought his great fleet to Cleaac,
on the southeastern coast of Endor. He was in search of new and fertile territory for his tired horde
of Vulmaw warriors. The residents of the area at that time called themselves the "Lakhab" (lit.
"Coast folk"), and lived in modest communities situated by the rocky promontories where their
warlords erected citadels of earth and rude stonework. An armed landing by a Surk battle group
set the tone for subsequent relations between the two peoples. So the Cunaaci-aac-Aalkbroda' (L.
"Battle of Hillholds") decided who would be master of the fertile lands west of the Ams Breacna'
(L. "River of Great Memories"). Woma Dral was given the Laath of Hionvor on the first day of S.A.
348 (the first year of the Lochan Second Age). His reign initiated a new period in the history of
southeastern Endor; for the first time, an organized, centralized society embarked on a campaign
of conquest. Woma Dral began to carefully shape the nature of his new "Lochas" (L. "Never-ending
Glen") from the very outset. Using a modest set of laws that had been brought from his homeland
of Uon on Vulm Shryac, he fashioned a state based on the eight traditional kindreds of Vulmaw.
Four pairings of tribal moieties were settled in distinct geographical districts: (1) in Halocha, the
Shom and Vaeliic, both Surk, settled; (2) the Tawurk, Wom and Runaas, lived in the western Haen

of Rualocha; (3) the Moak, including the Niviis and Chorn, held Diolocha; and (4) the Narig,
composed of the Krawn and Uoniis tribes, held sway along the Breachna in Maralocha.
Lchas Drs
Lochas Drus, the "Dominion of the Lochaw" encompassed all of the areas once ruled by the lords
of Lochas proper; the Lochans were descendents of Womaw colonists from Thuriac Codya.
Administrative units were organized along Womaw cultural lines and basically correspond to
traditional ethnic areas. This system had been instituted by the first Dral Hionvar, Woma Dral,
and lasted until his descendent Oervik Dral was driven from the throne and forced to commit
suicide in 27 TA.
The Dral clan under Demik Dral had again taken control of the empire in 1148 TA; his descendents
ruled until the coming of the Shadow in 1617. Lochas Drus was not the great power it had been,
however, and the Empire was reeling in the face of renewed Wlim aggression. Dwar had returned
to Waw in the 11th century TA and convinced his people to throw off Lochan rule, both on Waw
and in the ancestral homeland of Wl. In 1507 they conquered the last of the southeastern islands,
the Elven sanctuary of Cmnemor, and Waw declared itself the center of the Second Wlim
Empire in 1617. The Dog-lord's ships began assailing the Lochan coasts, raiding deep into Wl and
Brd.
The last Lochan Hionvar, Oervik-dem Dral, died leading his forces into battle against Ka'ish in
1659. His army consisted chiefly of his own personal forces, the men of Brd, allied with troops
from Horl and Unvirnay; auxiliary troops from Wl marched beside them. Ka'ish had seceded
from the empire, allying itself with an occupation force from Waw. Oervik-dem was a fine military
tactician, but he did not allow for the treachery of the Wlim, who joined their distant kinsmen
from Waw on the second day of battle. Caught between two armies, the Lochans were crushed, and
Oervik-dem 's head was taken back to Waw as a trophy. Oervik-dem had three daughters and an
infant son. One of the daughters was married to the lord of Wl, the other two were hostages at the
court of Dwar. Oervik-dem's widow, Chandica, tried to rally the Lochan court around her infant
son and install herself as regent until he could come of age. It was not to be. The Lord of Ka'ish,
Zemkar Sul, pursued his advantage, raiding the Brd court and carrying Chandica back to Ka'ish.
He forcibly married her and laid claim to the Lochan throne, only to be crushed as a rebel by the
combined forces of Waw and Wl. After the division of the Lochaw empire in T.A. 1794, various
successor kingdoms and confederations arose, many of which were based on ancient cultural
divisions or claims. While striving to eliminate any obvious vestiges of their long-standing
subserviency, they often retained the names and borders bequeathed by their Lochan- speaking
overlords.
Ldenly
Ldenly lies west of the southern Ered Harmal, just south of Chy and the nearby Chy Gap.
Flanked by the rivers Denly and Acaadky, it is a gently rolling, semi-arid plain occupied by
Chyan-speaking herders and farmers. Vegetation inland is similar to that of Chy, but near the
banks of the two rivers there are forests and crops, because the terrain is extremely fertile.
Chajapn is the most impressive city (save Pelepelplu) of all the Chyan empire. The city is built at
the junction of river Acaadky and Denly, near an important swamp land, on the location of an
old Chailla holy site. Because of its central position, Chajapn is the ideal choice for a capital,
though it is more complex that it seems, as Chajapn and Pelepelpl became during history
capital, and of course alternatively. Chajapn is the greatest city of all the Chyan empire, with
150.000 inhabitants. This is a magnifiscent city, with processionnal avenues, colourful walls,
numerous palaces, important temples dedicated to the one True God Asruta and several other
stranger deities.
Lotan
Lotan is situated to the west of the mouth of the river Talathrant, to the east of Ulshy, along the
southern shore of the Bay of Utm. A deciduous forest covers most of its northern reaches, while
dense marshlands occupy the river valley to the east. The rest of the area consists of a cool, rich
grassland. Ulgathic-speaking herders dominate the region.
Luindor

Luindor (S. "Blue Land") is an Avar realm bordering on Urd and the Sea of Thilluin. It is a cool and
pleasant land - like all realms blessed with the presence of the Firstborn. Widely considered one of
the most civilized Avarin realms - thanks to the visit of Noldorin and Sindarin wanderers across its
history - Luindor is the sworn enemy of Urd. Though subject for more than 1000 years in the
Second Age to the rule of the Ice King, the Luindrim retain their strong independent spirit,
fighting their enemies without quarter.
Lurmsakun
The easternmost land of the true Haradrim, Lurmsakun is blessed by great wealth and cursed by
its place in the world, on the borders of the violent realms of the Variags and Chey. The people of
Lurmsakun speak Haruze, a language shared by their brethren living in cities and farming villages
as far west as the Sundering Sea in distant Harondor. The Haruze, as they are fond of reminding
their neighbors, were a sophisticated trading race even before the "Poganin," primarily the
Nmenreans and Variags, came to trouble them in the mid-Second Age. Often conquered and
ravaged, Lurmsakun still boasts cities of immense beauty, surrounded by lush irrigated fields of
grain, melons, wine-grapes, and dates. Three river basins are the center of Lurmsakun's life and
trade: The Rill-basin of the Ode Pezar, the Arysis of the River Rysis, and Siakan, the vale of the
Ode Siak. The Ode Pezar runs westward to the Sundering Sea, eventually becoming the River
Harnen, the contested frontier between Gondor and Umbar. The Rysis and the Siak flow from the
snow-touched peaks of the Ered Harmal southwestward to vanish into the lifeless salt marshes of
the Kref Masar, one of the more hellish of the wastelands of the Haradwaith. The river valleys of
Lurmsakun form a great contrast with the deserts, consisting of lush belts of greenery supporting
teeming hordes of peasants and shrewd traders and merchants. Arysis lies south of Sturlurtsa,
royal seat of Khand, and sits squarely astride the caravan routs connecting western and central
Endor. Its largest city, Maresh, is the greatest city of the Endorian interior in any era in which the
Variags are not draining its wealth into their own lands. Siakan, naming itself the Jewel of
Mountain and Sun, controls trade between southern and western Endor. Its lords and kings,
however, are oft conquered by the more warlike Variags, Chy, Chey, and Ahar peoples living just
beyond its frontiers.
Lurs Vorganis
Also called Sinkiang; plains between the Talathrant River and the Orocarni Mountains. Covering
much of the northeastern part of Endor's East-plain, Lurs Vorganis is the homeland of the
Vorgani, a Tyran-speaking tribal confederation renowned for their ability to exploit and slaughter
vast numbers of large game. Huge herds of grazing beasts live throughout the region.
Lu Tyr Su
Lu Tyr Su stretches across most of the northern part of Endor's East-plain. Covered with short
grasses, it makes for relatively poor pastureland. Still, scattered tribes of shepherds and big game
hunters call the area home. Nearly all speak Tyran.
Lygar Kraw
Kingdom of Pallando in eastern Middle-earth. Situated about three hundred miles west of the
Orocarni, Lygar Kraw is a marshy land. Swamps and ponds dot its lowland reaches, which are
sundered by dense hills. Two fen forests (one in the east and the other in the west) frame the
territory. Most of Lygar Kraw's Linerin-speaking people lived in fortified hill towns, where they
engage in a broad array of crafts and subsist on a varied diet; hunting, fishering, gardening, and
animal husbandry are all practiced.
The historical kingdom was founded in 2114 TA by the Khitan prince Yeh-l Ta-shih, following the
defeat of his people by the Jurchaen; Pallando settled here in about 2300 and founded the
kingdom of Famardi. The heraldic device of Lygar Kraw under Pallando was a spinning wheel on
charcoal grey; his personal guard were the fearsome Black Crows under the ghost Li K'o-Yung. The
borders of Lygar Kraw were marked by ebony obelisks with white letters, with Pallando's power
demarcated in Sindarin, Quenya, Logathig and Womawas.
Lynerian League
Located to the north of the Zurghr jungle and to the east of the river Niss valley, the land

remained for a long time unpopulated, except by some Pdi Elf tribes, until the arrival of a small
band of refugees, the Lynr, distant relatives of the three tribes of Edain in the West. The Lynr
established themselves as one of the major powers in the Bay, as they conquered Balkulni, the
Aikyen islands, and even negotiated a special alliance with the Dwarves of Khelek-zram in
Lynahar. The Lynerian League is bordered on the north by the Pontym mountains, and to the
south and the east by river Alujed. The Lynr are gifted mariners, sending embassies to the west as
far as Srayn, and to the east as far as Sunum.
The largest part of the land is composed of a central plateau, with plains, coniferous and tropical
rainforests. Near the coasts the plains consist of gently undulating lowlands, with an elevation of
about 200 meters above sea level. The coasts alternate between rocky cliffs, sandy beaches, and
estuaries. From north to south, several important rivers flow from east to west, the most important
of which is the River Alujed, along which is built a line of seven fortresses dedicated to the
protection of the Lynerian territory against the hostile Zurghr sects.
The most important cities are built along the coasts, such as Caryalon, Emelcyn and Aerlond. In
the north, Lynahar has a special status inside the Lynerian League as the province is jointly ruled
by Lynr and Dwarves. The Pontym mountains have valuable mineral resources (such as copper
and gems) that are usually sold in Ephydis, the most important trading center in the Eastern
Ormal Bay, where traders from the Chyan Empire, Codya and the Lynerian League can be seen.
Caerdhyan is the key to the protection of all Lynahar, as it is located near the only safe pass
between Lynahar and Dhath - the White Goat Pass. Caerdyan protects the realm against the
assaults of the Dilikhran tribes, and Harbz plays the same role in the south against the Zurghr
sects.
It is believed that the Ormal lamp fell near the Aykien islands, which are a melange of hills, high
cliffs, coniferous forests and sandy beaches. These islands were settled in mid Second Age by the
Lynr. There are two different maritime routes to get to the islands; one to the north (through the
ports of Nirshat and Gimil), and one to the south (to Sakal an-Khr). The archipelagos located
south of Nyzd are highly dangerous, because of the very strong currents.
The Lynerian League has a temperate climate, despite a location on an equatorial latitude. This is
explained by the northern eastern barrier composed by the Iriagi and the Durvd Mountains and
by the cooler water on the Lynr coast caused by an abyssal current. The main roads are well
maintained and paved.
Maaken
Maaken is a forested hilly land located to the south of the Akenshn mountain chain. Because of
the perpetual mist that is the forest's main source of moisture, and because of its rather dangerous
beasts and insects, the land is only inhabited by the Yarulma, a Drg-related folk of wild hunters
and gatherers. They know several safe passes through the Akenshn to Waarwugan. The Akenshn
Mountains are home to a race of fierce orcs. Another reason to avoid this land is that Maaken is
home to a fire drake, Nyxor, who uses orcs and human beings as his pets when he has the desire to
do so, and simply eats them when he is hungry.
Mag
Mag is a warm, humid, and hilly coastal region situated in southwesternmost Endor. It lies south
of the western part of the Yellow Mountains, northeast of Pel and southwest of Tumag. Most of its
Apysaic-speaking inhabitants live near the Haragaer.
Mitheryn
Mitheryn (S. "Grey Trees") is a vast taiga woodland, stretched between the Iron Mountains and the
Forbesir river. It is inhabited by scattered Avari herders and hunters, who fled Urd when the
Shadow of the Ice King rose in the Second Age. Suspicious and wary of any intrusion in their
protected realm, the Mithrydhil are ruled by King Hisethar and Queen Elwathil, who consider
themselves vassals to the King of Luindor.
Mak
Mak is the easternmost region on the Endorean mainland, and constitutes the eastern "Coreland" of Womawas Drus. It is often independent from the rest of the Empire, with its own
distinctive customs and traditions.

Mlambur
Mlambur is a collection of large islands located just off the southern coast of Middle-earth.
Situated in the Haragaer - between the mouths of the Bay of sakan and the smaller Bay of Koros they are covered with low hills, lakes, and jungles. is a large, hilly land best known for its myriad
rivers and jungles. Mmakanin-speaking clans live throughout the area.
Mmakan
Mmakan is a large, hilly land best known for its myriad rivers and jungles. It lies south of the
Ered Laranor (Q. "Yellow Mountains") and north of the Haragaer, in southernmost Endor.
Mur Fostisyr
Located north and east of the Barl Syrnac, western branch of the Iron Mountains, Mur Fostisyr is a
collection of rugged peninsulas. Covered with tundra (in the north) or taiga (in the south), they
serve as the home for scattered bands of Labba-speaking nomads. These hunters and fishermen
often range well out onto the adjoining Gulf of tum.
Myr
Located south of the Great Forest of Urd, Myr is the northernmost plain in central Endor. It is
populated by the Tyran-speaking Myri, a semi-nomadic people often subject to Urdar domination.
Nejhen
Located near the Sea of Winds, between Jamna and Sunum, Nejhen is a lowland plateau with hills,
tropical forests and wooded marsh lands. Nejhen is the land of innumerable rivers, rivulets and
streams, which is both a blessing and a curse. The rivers take their source from the Akenshn
mountains to the east, and from the foothills of the Jagged Ridge to the west. The most notable
rivers are the Urbiad ("Foam River"), the Narnen ("Blue Silver river"), the Jamn, and the
Meghna. The lands are fertile, and many farming and fishing villages are established along the
rivers. But sea storms are frequent here, which cause frequent floods. The coastlands are mainly
sandy and rocky beaches, interspersed with low cliffs. The climate is sub-tropical with
temperatures ranging between 18C in the cold season to a maximum of 40C in the summer.
Annual rainfall ranges about 350 cm. The country has mainly four seasons, the Winter - the most
pleasant season (Girithron- Nnui), Summer (Gwaeron-Lothron), Monsoon (Nrui-Urui) and
Autumn (Ivanneth-Hithui).
These lands are populated by the Nejh, closely related to the Chasr of Jamna. Unlike their
brothers, they were never able to establish a strong realm, being instead influenced by Jamna,
Sakal an-Khr, Folyani and Sunum, who alternatively during history dominate Nejhen. The most
important cities are built along the coasts, usually on cliffs to avoid the effects of storms. These
cities are inhabited by a mixture of the surrounding people in the Sea of Winds and in Ormal Bay.
The cult of the Shadow took root in Nejhen fairly early in the Third Age, and Dwar of Waw had
used their forces - primarily warships with slave rowers - on several occasions.
Nrad
Nrad is a somewhat rich, warm, hilly land located east of the northern tip of the Ered Harmal.
Mordor and wide Khand Gap lie to the west. The Talathrant rises here. The Nen Nrad is said to
be the birthplace of the great river.
Given its wealth of freshwater and exceptionally strategic location, Nrad is considered a prized
territory. Its fierce, Nradja-speaking residents are constantly threatened and often find
themselves under the yoke of the brutal Variags or their more numerous Chey neighbors.
Nurn
Nurn, the "Sad Land," constitutes all of southern and eastern Mordor. A semi-arid plateau, it
serves as the breadbasket of Sauron's wicked kingdom. Its numerous Hildo inhabitants, most of
whom are enslaved, include the Mordorin- and Nradja-speaking tribesmen indigenous to the
Nurn Basin.

m
The blessed and hidden realm of m is located among the tall peaks at the eastern end of the Iron
Mountains. Its deep, cold but green valleys are warmed by the light of the Sikikulvi, a gem created
by Yavanna as a gift to those Men who helped to fight the Shadow Flame in the First Age. The
ma, a Mornerin-speaking, dwindling race built huge stone palaces from the mountains sides, and
work metals, following the teachings of their traditional friends, the Dwarves of Murthnin.
Orgothraath
Orgothraath is an Aharin nation sprawled along the northern flanks of the Tem Tinicliat (Ahar.
"Stallion's Mane Mountains,") known to the west as the central ranges of the Ered Harmal. Away
from the mountains, most of Orgothraath is high grassland and the home of tough, proud Vexclars
Ahar herdsmen. Nearer the mountains, and in the river valleys of the Talathrant and its
tributaries, the land is wooded and thickly settled wherever good water can be found. A number of
well fortified trading cities mark the best river crossings and the approaches to the mountain
passes. They are often the seats of independent kings, when some larger empire is not ruling the
High Plains. The upper portion of the Chey Rill forms Orgothraath's western boundary. This
country, potentially the richest in central Endor, has been the scene of countless wars between the
Chey and the Ahar over the centuries. For every flourishing village or town here, there can be
found a half dozen ruins or rubble piles marking famous victories and infamous massacres.
Ornad
Ornad, the land of the green hills, is located east of Srayn and south of Harshandatt. It has a
rather dry climate, with average precipitations. Its gently rolling lands rise slowly from the sea to
the inland, at an average elevation of 10 to 50 m. Only the narrow and fertile strip of land near the
sea can be used for farming. Away from this strip of land, one enters into the Kirmlesra hills,
which are desolate lands. The Sranians never built in Ornad important cities, only farming
villages. The only important city is Jodiar (or Tl Jodia), located in the southern part of the land.
The defense is ensured by a line of seven great towers, built during the middle of the Second Age
(though Ornad was rarely invaded). There are two important roads: the Yl Harshandat (which
connects Srayn with Harshandatt) and the Yl Odha.
Pel
Pel is located south of the western part of the Yellow Mountains - east of Drel-in
southwesternmost Endor. Like Drel, Pel is located near the great cape called Metharn
(Hyarnmente). The Haragaer forms its southern boundary. A warm, humid land, it contains the
forests of Tathom and Taur Galen. The region is named for the four Apysan tribes that occupy the
area.
Ralian
Ralian, the great "Lake-lands" of southeastern Endor stretch east and south from the rolling
highlands between the Orocarni and the Orosli. A variety of reddish-brown-skinned, Ralekspeaking peoples occupy this rich, hilly region. The great river Loralian rises in its northern
highlands.
Cabe is the oldest and wealthiest of Ralian's five tribal realms. It is bounded by the Loralian in the
west and the river Kankanan in the east and south. It extends as far north as the upper shores of
Clocaban, a lake on the river known as Locaban. Cabe shares its name with its chief city, which is
in turn named for the Tife Cabian people. Able and sophisticated farmers, they raise wheat, rye,
greens, and tubors. Fish comprise the bulk of their meat intake.
The city of Cabe is situated on a grassy hill in the southwestern part of the Tife Cabian claim.
Walled with five beautifully-carved palisades built out of laquered ironwood, it is a compact and
imposing settlement. Its corduroy streets and multi-leveled bridges connect a broad array of large
wooden structures, many of which have survived over two millenia.
Kankanan, the tribal center of the Tife Kankanian folk, lies only forty-miles southwest of Cabe.
Situated on the river Kankanan and connected to the Loralian by a broad canal, it is a major river
port. It is center of trade and commercial fishing.
Ralian's other three tribes include the Tife Lenian, the Rale Cuvian, and the Rale Bursian. Tife
Lenian lands lie in the far south, below the Clolene, and adjoin Horl lands. Rale Cuivian territory

stretches north and east from Clocaban, as far as the shores of the Romenar. It is the largest of
Ralian's five realms. The next largest, the Rale Bursian claim, is in the north and northwest.
Known as the Land of Swirling Waters, birthplace of Ringlin Sindacollo, Ralian often acted as a
buffer between invading nomads from the north and the settled lands of the Lochan Empire.
Ralian disappears after the 20th-century TA.
Relmether
Relmether lies along the northern flank of the west-central Talathrant Valley. The Talathrant
meets the Chey Rill at the eastern edge of the region. Relmether's gently rolling hills and woods
offer shelter from the region's harsh winds. A relatively prosperous mix of Aharin- and Ioradjaspeaking peoples reside here, farming, herding, and trading astride Middle-earth's principal eastwest trade route. About half of Relmether's people live by the lake known as Linenether, a portion
of the river Talathrant, which lies in southern Relmether. Dammed by a natural rock ridge, the
Linenether is a rich source of food and freshwater. A waterfall called the Belanthir (S. "Mighty
Waterfall") lies at the eastern end of the thirty mile mere. Here, the lake's water tumbles some six
hundred feet over the escarpment before resuming its seaward journey. Relerind, Relmether's
chief town, lies just above the Belanthir. Its famous Mill-bridge spans the cataract. Well-fortified,
the bridge supports thirty distinct grain- and lumber-mills.
Rhn
Rhn (S. "East") is a vast region of nearly 500,000 square miles. Most of it is open territory
covered grasslands of varying quality. Western Rhn is dominated by the mountains, rolling hills,
and river vales near the Inland Sea of Rhn (S. "Nen Rhnen"). Numerous rivers-including
(clockwise from the northwest) the Celduin, Kug, Srbeki, and Warwater-feed this great mere,
which is largest body of water in all of Middle-earth. The Taur Rmen (S. "Eastern Forest") covers
the entire Kug Valley. Nearly two hundred miles across, it stretches over a hundred miles
northeast of the Nen Rhnen. Rhn is home to myriad peoples. Ulgathic-speaking tribes typically
occupy over half the area, including the eastern and central reaches. Ioradja-speakers usually
dominate the southern steppe-lands. A mix of groups, of which the Dorwinrim are predominate,
live along the northern and western shores of the Inland Sea.
Rlfandas
Rlfandas is a collection of islands located off the coast of northeastern Middle-earth, at the
junction of the Romenar and Helkar. The Weer Womaw (Wm. "Womaw Gulf") lies to the south.
The 500 hundred mile long archipelago is actually an isolated section of what was once the
northern Orocarni. Tall, red peaks still rise from the center of Vor Rlfandas, the chain's main
island. The northernmost home of Womarin-speaking peoples, Rlfandas has long been occupied;
however, few folk live on any of the smaller isles. The vast majority of the areas hunters, trappers,
and fishermen reside by the sheltered eastern shores of Vor Rlfandas. Rlaalk-the center of the
Rl and Obaar clans of the Ruulurk tribe-is the region's chief city and traditional capital.
Rbor
Rbor is located to the northwest of Helcarth and west of the northern Orocarni, at the extreme
northeastern edge of Endor's broad East-plain. The Illuin Wood stretches to the north. Deciduous
forest and hills separate the high, cold grassland, from the rich Nan Kalmasr (Q. "Lamp-river
Valley") to the east. Mornerin herders, trappers, and hunters, the Rbor are a tough, stout people.
They live a semi-nomadic life for a little over half the year, and retreat to permanent camps during
the long northern winter. Despite the bitter cold, though, Rbor bands hunt, trap, and fish nearly
every day of the year.
Ruuriik
Ruuriik is a sheltered and heavily-wooded Dwarf-kingdom tucked into the northeastern flank of
the Orosli (Q. "Mountains of the Wind"). Mountains encircle it on three sides, while the
Romenar forms its eastern boundary.
Rycolis

Rycolis is in the northeastern part of the central Talathrant basin. A cool area characterized by
lush grasslands and a large, mixed wood forest, it was occupied by Aharin speaking farmers. By the
Third Age a kingdom is found at the crossroads between east and west, ruled since the days of
Ren's Chey empire by a Satrap, who chants a royal hymn before all state occasions. Rycolis was
heavily dominated by Haradrim and Sranean thought, culture and architecture from the midThird Age. The Satrap was originally named by Ren, but is normally hereditary; only when a
particular Satrap begins acting too independently is another line chosen. Rycolis is a trading
center, facilitating commerce between the various realms dominated by the Nazgl in central and
eastern Endor (and sometimes with Dorwinon and the West beyond). It was famous for its healers,
among the best in the world; they once healed a Satrap of an arrow wound to the throat, and he
suffered no permanent damage.
Sakal an-Khr
Originally populated by the Monam and the Tarlai, Sakal an-Khr was conquered in the mid
Second Age by the Nmenreans, and they establish there a powerful colony. This was an
important center of power that would later been known as New Nmenor, as the inhabitants, truly
Black Nmenreans in nature, consider themselves as the true heirs of Nmenor. They try (and
succeed several times) to dominate the entirety of Ormal Bay, and even the lands as far east as
Sunum and Jojojopo. They even gave new Nmenor names for some of their cities, mountains or
rivers (the most important and symbolic change is Mount Meneltarma, near Khrutrik, and
Alkarrnda in Zurghr). Khrutrik, at the mouth of river Artar (Nunduin), and Tarik anAruwni are the most important cities, the last being the capital of the Empire.
The lands are geographically and culturally complex. One aspect of this is the successive
migrations and invasions throughout the first and second ages (subsequent migrations of Monam,
Tarlai, and Sakal an-Khanm peoples). In its majority, Sakal an-Khr is a savanna, although there
are three other significant geographical features.
The Barren Hills are located to the north and east, between the Rivers Artar and Esmandr
(renamed by the authorities of Sakal an-Khr as Siril). The climate here is dry and hot, in
opposition to the adjacent Zurghr lands.
The coastal plains alternate between swamp and forest, and contain many short and swift torrents
hurrying to the sea. For the most part, Sakal an-Khr is covered by sandy beaches and coastal
rugged hills, short grass, and is quite similar to the Codya coasts. There is also forests and
scattered trees. These lands are sometimes referred as Hyarnustar (Southwestlands), as the
peninsula looks quite similar to Nmenor's Hyarnustar.
In the west of Sakal an-Khar near Vulm Shryac are volcanic islands, which can also be found in the
extreme east of the Empire in the Bay of Coral Reefs.
Sharthax
A cool coastal area, Sharthax is situated on the northern side of a peninsula that extends eastward
into the Sea of Thilluin. Uul lies to the south. Mornerin-speaking Shartha tribesman make their
living off of the ocean.
Shay
Shay lies east of the Shay Bight and west of the Oroslo (Q. "Mountains of the Wind"), on
southeastern coast of Endor. It is home of a large population of Shayan-speaking farmers; the Shay
were originally from Lurs Vorganis and Rbor, settling the area in the Second Age, while many of
their kindred stayed in the north.
Sunum
Sunum is a mountainous realm located on the gulf of Sunum in southeastern Endor. It is bordered
by Jojojopo to the northeast, Nejhen and Jamna to the west, and by the island of Cimoniemor to
the south. The Akenshn Mountains ("The Broken Hills"), whose peaks are snowcapped nearly
year-round, form its northern boundary with Jojojopo. There are several passes to Jojojopo,
though few of them are safe. The most notable peak is Mount Khorak (7450 meters), which is
considered sacred by the Licchavi (a people distantly related to the Tarlai) and to the Cha-t'o, a
yellow-skinned population forcibly relocated here by the Vulmaw in the mid Second Age. The Chat'o later rebelled, and formed a realm of their own during Third. The climate is of monsoon type,

relatively dry, cool winter from Girithron to Ninui, dry hot summer from Gwaeron to Lothron, the
northwest monsoon brings dry weather from Norui to Urui, and the southeast monsoon brings the
wet season (maritime winds and precipitations) from Ivaneth to Hithui.
The main geographical feature of Sunum is the forested and fertile plateau of Jelay, which contains
a number of important villages and cities. From the foothills of the Akenshn mountains, several
important rivers lay their course to the sea. They are, from west to east, the Songkhla ("Foam
River"), the Sawan ("Yellow river") and the Kao Phraya, named in honor of the most powerful
potentate of Sunum. There are as well seven great lakes which are interconnected by subterranean
rivers.
The coastlands are sandy and rocky to the east, and in the gulf of Sunum, there are rather tall black
cliffs rising hundreds of feet above the sea, as in Jamna. To the east is the jungle of Maena,
populated by jungle orcs and by some ferocious monsters. Nothing is clearly known about this
jungle, and the legend about lost and destroyed strongholds of the Elves may be true.
The Licchavi, upon their arrival in Sunum in the early years of First Age, had a pastoralist culture:
their life was based on herding and hunting, and they were rather peaceful and secretive.
Settlements were built near the lakes or in the forests. Vul Dral, a Surk Vulmaw warrior,
conquered (in SA 680) the territories of Sunum and Jojojopo, establishing there the first Vulmaw
colony, from which Vulmaw would start to explore the Sea of Winds, the Bay of Coral Reefs and
the Bay of Ormal.
Most of the large cities are built along the coasts. The most famous are Yulcaavi, the Jewel City,
and Suhn, at the mouth of Suhnji river. The interests of the colony lie mainly in the mountains,
since silver mines have been sunk near Mount Khorak. A snow-capped mountain below two stars
on a black field serves as the symbol of Sunum.
Taaliraan
A realm of Silvan, Sindarin and Noldor Elves, Taaliraan is the only truly Elven land in the area
since the total destruction of Dirsulinor. In fact, many refugees from that land now live in
Taaliraan, the rest abandoning Middle-earth entirely for the Undying Lands in the West. Ruled as
it has been since its founding in the First Age by the Lord Eldanar, a Noldorin Prince in Exile,
Taaliraan is a self-contained country, remaining aloof from local politics. It is here that the
majority of the users of essence can be found, no doubt one of the major reasons that Taaliraan has
not been threatened by Tantrak, or any other realm for that matter.
Tana
Tana is a mountain realm situated near the southeastern shores of Endor. The Oroslo (Q.
"Mountains of the Wind") rise to the west, and slowly fall into foothills to the east and in deep
vales that reach the sea, while the rivers Kirmas, Usulo serve as the area's southern and northern
boundaries.
The Tnim have a semi-nomadic culture, based on herding and hunting. Settlements are often
built on highly defensible spots, such as a cliff, a steep hill or a mountain-side, to defend against
invaders. Few Tnim live on the rocky seashore, due to the threat of pirates and raiders. They
distrust the ways of sea-faring peoples, and the landscape prevents the building of but a few
harbours. However, the sea grants this land a mild climate, thanks to favourable winds which blow
during spring and summer.
It is only with the Lochan arrival that some few cities, including Yelshey, the Red City, are built.
Yelshey became famous throughout this region, and even as far away as Ormal Bay, because of
unique red crystals that can be found in the sand of the beaches here. These are sold at high price
to the nobles of the Lochan Empire.
Built upon a high cliff, Yelshey is the capital of Tana, and is considered by the Tnim as a spiritual
and military center - as the first the meeting place between deities who live on the mountains and
those who live on the sea, and as birthplace of Zojaw the Hunter God. The Tnim mostly honor the
Gods of Nature, Ant and Zojaw (by three sacred mountains and pilgrimage routes), but make also
a tribute to Ezan, the Sea God.
A red gem in the green forest serves as the Tnim symbol. The Tnim are very good mercenaries
very often used for tactical operation in the mountains. They never tried to increase their territory,
but they are capable to defend it until death, even against Argaw or Brodm.
Tantrak

A Nmenrean colony founded in c. S.A. 1300, Tantrak was the most southerly of the
Nmenrean settlements on the Middle-earth continent proper, and was relatively cut off from the
more northerly realms, with the exception of some trading contacts. From the beginning, the
people of Tantrak chose to be a separate entity from the other, more loosely governed areas of the
Mumakan. Dominating the northeast corner of the Usakan bay, Tantrak is flanked by rolling hills
on both sides and mountains to the north, providing natural defensive barriers. The western
portion of the country, the least heavily settled, is covered by a mixed deciduous/coniferous forest,
extending virtually unbroken for miles. The southeast section, receiving more warm, humid air
from the bay winds, is blanketed by a lush rainforest which dominates the entire Koros peninsula.
Of all the peoples of the Mumakan area, the Tantraki chose the most ambitious (and insensitive)
method of dealing with the jungle: they burned and cleared large areas within the rainforest and
along the coast, and there established their settlements.
The capitol city of Tantrak is Sarl, which lies on the eastern side of the mouth of the Uvar river.
Based here is the formidable navy of Tantrak, for these people took with them many of the skills
of their Nmenrean ancestors. Of the government of the realm, there is a story of an interesting, if
perhaps predictable transformation. At the first there was, as is true of most of the colonies, a royal
governor, who at least in theory answered to the King in Nmenor. This system worked quite well
for some seven hundred years, the governorship turning over eleven times until, in c. S.A. 3000,
the "Magician" arrived in Tantrak. The date is uncertain for he came with little fanfare and rose
quietly, albeit swiftly, through the ranks of the governor's advisors. This particular governor, a
cousin of the king, was particularly susceptible to the silky corrupting words of the the Magician,
as his lust for power and glory was great. Soon the Magician was his chief advisor, and in S.A.
2040, the governor declared himself King of Tantrak, taking the name Tar-Kinjaarn, and severed
all political ties with Nmenor. This move was greeted with great enthusiasm by the populace, as
the taxes imposed by the mother country had inflated greatly over the last few decades.
Since that time it has been a steady decline into corruption for the government, and a subtle, yet
definite shift in attitude by the Tantraki towards the native Elven and Kirani populations, from
disdain to outward hatred and jealousy, for the lifespans of the Tantraki population began to
lessen, even as did those of the people of Nmenor. This racial hatred resulted in the declaration of
war, without provocation, by the king of Tantrak against the Koronande Republic. The outcome
was inconclusive, but only served to intensify the loathing by the Men of the West, and cause new
apprehension among the Elves and Kirani about the safety of their position.
Tharsitaur
An Elven kingdom founded in SA 2060, by Avari fleeing the fall of Luindor to the Ice King,
Tharsitaur (S. "Forest beyond the river") lies to the north of Rbor, along the Calsir river. A
pleasant land of brooks and trees, it is a haven for many Elven scholars and artisans who fled the
Shadow in the North.
Thlornar
Thlornar (Av "Wind Forest") is a vast forest, situated to the west of Vothrig, to the east of ULyshak, and to the north of the coasts of the Sea of Storms, named because of its frequent storms
and the frequency of the pirates attacking Nmenrean, Ulshyans or Womaw trade ships. It is
inhabited by the Hwendi, Tatyarin Avarin herders and hunters, who settled there under the light
of the Stars. They fight against all who want to enter uninvited in their forest, except when humans
have peaceful intentions (just like the Ulshyans). Other than that, they are hostiles to Orcs and Evil
Men.
Thuriac Codya
The largest island off the coast of Middle-earth, Thuriac Codya is the ancient home of the Surk
Womaw.
Tuktan
Encompassing all of the oval shaped rainforest area to the east of Geshaan, Tuktan is an
interconnected web of Kirani villages, loosely knit and united by a very informal central
government consisting of a council of seventeen Jilhani (village leaders). The Jilhan council meets
semi-annually, or if a threat to the realm as a whole warrants it. Otherwise each Jilhan rules his

town as he sees fit, and all engage in a lively trade amongst themselves and with adjacent
Koronand. It is in the Tuktan forest alone that the Jeedic Teak trees flourish, and their wood is
prized. Not surprisingly, Tuktan wood craftsmen are very skilled and their furniture and bows are
highly sought after. Tuktan composite bows can bring a price many times the average, and are said
to be superior to any other, save the most powerful magical bows. Of late (T.A. 1700) Tuktan has
had increasing problems with the Mumakan people who, beginning to envy the fine homes and
land of the Tuktani, are ever more antagonistic, raiding on the bordering villages with increasing
frequency.
Tulwang
Tulwang is situated on a peninsula in southwestern Endor. It lies between the Belegaer and the
Ered Laranor. The Gulf of Harad lies to the north, while the valley of the river Balakurush (Ad
"Wood River") and its affluent river Akurush lies to the south. Tulwang is comprised of two
dissimilar areas : firstly, the N-Tava, a relatively semi-arid land which extends as far as the Bay of
Raishoul, and the Tulwany coast along the Ajdak valley. While the Ajdak valley and the coastlands
are the only reasonably fertile zones in all this country, the N-Tava extends over many square
miles.
The most important cities are Khorsj and Norjadar, as one who control these cities can have
access to all Tulwang. Central Tulwang is inhabited by the Farijin, a nomad people, also called
later as the Gettaniyan tribesmen. The Etulians came to dominate their cousins in Tulwang as well,
with the founding of the Ryst line in Norjadar by the beginning of Second Age, as well as in the
Northern Tulwang, near the bay of Raishoul. Sorijans raiders are related to these people, as well as
with the Bellakaze and the Tedjin of Bellakar. Tulwang is greatly influenced by Bellakar and
Anbalukkhr, from time to time independant and conquered.
Tumag
Situated south of the western part of the Yellow Mountains,Tumag is a warm, humid, and hilly
coastal region situated in southwesternmost Endor. It lies west of the Bay of sakan. Most of its
Apysaic-speaking inhabitants live near the hills above the area's numerous rivers, lakes, or along
the Haragaer coast. Jungle covers much of Tumag, especially in the east.
Uab
Uab is located north of the eastern branch of the Iron Mountains. Like Avikangsdar to the west
and Uax to the east, it is an utterly desolate coastal region. The bitter winds off the Helechaer
insure that it remains home to virtually no one save a few scattered bands of Umli hunters and
Snow-Orcs.
Uax
Like Uab to the west, Uax is situated north of the eastern branch of the Iron Mountains. It
occupies the northern half of the frigid peninsula that forms the upper shores of the Sea of
Thilluin. Ice-Trolls, Onow-Orcs, and scattered bands of Umli hunters roam the area, following the
migrations of the reindeer and the wild gusgi (yak-like creatures). The mountains to the south are
inhabited by Mountain-Orcs and dwarves of Drhar's Folk, whose largest settlement is Murthnin
(Kh. "Northern Haven").
Ubain
Ubain is situated along the southwestern flank of the Orocarni (Q. "Red Mountains"). It is home to
Linerin-speaking farmers and herders. Many live in the highly defensible "Butte-lands" on the
central Ubain Plain.
Uiven
Uiven is a collection of six (and numerous lesser) large islands located in the Romenar. They
stretch about four hundred miles north and two hundred miles east of Mak, the easternmost point
on the Endorean mainland. They guard the eastern channels into the Womaw Sea. Womarinspeaking fishermen reside throughout the cold, windy area.

U-Lyshak
U-Lyshak is an important glacial mountain island (about 6000 meters high) in the extreme north
of Middle Earth. On the coasts live Mornerin peoples and in the mountains dwell Orcs. Ice storms
are very frequent in the mountains. This realm is the most feared of all in the Bay of Illuin, as it is
there that Fankil, the Herald of Melkor, (also called Telear, Lord of Glory, and by his foes the
Seducer), a fallen Maia, built a secret stronghold, called Gulkaju. Fankil feels a strong hate towards
Mar the Shadow Flame, and because of his efforts against his rival, Fankil has not been able to
build a great empire. During the tenth century of Second Age, Fankil placed a human king in
command of the realm, so that he might further concentrate on fighting Muar.
Ulshy
Lying east of the Iron Mountains and on the border of the Sea of the Havens, Ulshy is a wide land
bordered on the west by the river Talathrant, on the east by the Tem-Eskam chain, and on the
north by the Sea of Havens. The Sea of Havens is so named because of the numerous settlements
on that sea, both in Ulshy, Vothrig and rcheldor.
The Ulshyans, like their Chyans cousins, were at first a steppe people led by Uvaxhstra, the "Father
of Unity". who settled there during the early years of First Age. The Ulshyans are fierce enemies of
evil men living in U-Lyshak. They are friendly with the Hwendi, a Tatyarin Avari tribe living in the
forests of Thrlornar.
Ulshy's landscapes are varied, but can be roughly divided into three different areas. The coastlands
are a flat and fertile land, is the only land suitable for the agriculture, consisting of cereals,
potatoes and tomatoes. The area is rich in fish and game, and it is here that dwell in great majority
the Ulshyan people. It is here that the Ulshyan built their most important cities, Preprla (the
capital), Caladost (at the mouth of river Rusek), the fortress city of Khurmand near the hills of
Dalpygis and Banadar, the Vothrig outpost. There are several important rivers here that flow from
the Tem-Eskam Mountains, including the river Rusek.
Banadar enjoys a special status. Awarded as a concession by the Ulshyan King in the Mid Second
Age to a Vothrig prince, Banadar is located on the lower Talathrant. The city grew quickly into one
of the largest cities of the Bay: ruled by a Vothrig Prince, though vassal of Ulshy, the city's markets
collected goods from all around the bay, the East, central Endor and the Talathrant Valley, and
Nmenor. The Kings of Banadar played the diplomats wisely, so that they obtained independence
in 2021, by supporting the Nmenreans against the Ulshy. They hosted a Nmenrean garrison,
who helped them defending against the ever-greedy Ioriag and Ulgath nomads.
The hills are the wildest part of Ulshy. Most are rocky (with granite) and covered by musk and
lichens, but in the valleys, grow thick evergreen forests. There are some Ulshyans villages there. To
the North, near the mountains, there is a vast and wild taiga forest that the Ulshyans avoid, as it is
surrounded by swampy wetlands.
Unvirnay
Unvirnay lies in southeastern Middle-earth. A rich plain of tall grasses covers most of the area,
which is situated east of the Shay Bight, west of the Oroslo, and north of Shay. Like Shay, its
western reaches are well-forested. It is also the home of a Shayan-speaking people; however, the
Unvirnay are more given to herding, logging, and trading than they are to farming.
rakhan
This land is composed of mid-mountain plains and coniferous forests. This is rakhan, a rather
rugged country bordered by two mountains chains, Tem Dazran and l Buzdaz, also known by its
rakhan inhabitants as the "Angle Land", between the Rivers Niss and Tash.
The rakhan are distant relatives of the Womaw, as they once lived in Karn Ord and in Aegan.
They were like other Womarin tribes governed by a Hion who in turn swore fealty to the Hionvar
in Gak. All of this changed when the Womaw Empire began to dissolve under Ml Hionvar Koml
I, who ascended to the throne in 1844. Under the twin pressures of Nmenrean invasion and
Lochan encroachments and rebellion, Koml began a brutal series of repressions against various
indigenous tribes, freely supported by the Hion of Dawurk tribe (the leading and most important
tribe of Aegan). During the annual midwinter's moot of 1956, the Dawurk's Hion fully became the
new Hionvul, despite the fierce opposition of many leaders of Arxurk and Ornurk tribes. This
unleashed the Four Shrines Hionvul war, with the Ornurk, Arxurk and Kanurk (Karn Ord) tribes

opposing the Uonurk and Dawurk tribes. This war unfortunately ended in a great victory for the
Dawurk, which made them the leading tribe of Aegan for more than two centuries. Despite the
defeat, many among the Arxurk were not ready to accept the Dawurk domination of Aegan. They
decided to flee the Empire, leaving behind forever the Bay of Swirling Waters. They were followed
by some members of the Ornurk tribe, nearly all the Kanurk tribe, as well as by the first
inhabitants of Ubain the Dakhw and the Hulkhw, who were also dissatisfied by Womaw
repressions. They arrived in Ormal Bay from the northeast prior to 1995 SA, well before the socalled "Ghost Kingdoms" period of Womaw history, an era of dissolution and civil strife prompted
by Koml's disappearance and increasing Nmenrean influence.
They are not great architects like the Idurk or the Lynerian. Their cities are not sophisticated, but
functional for defense and life. They easily subjugated at their arrival peaceful farmers and hunters
living there, akin to the Senr and the Verikis people, who deeply suffered from deadly assaults of
the Dilikhran tribes. The capital Sulyann is the only city to have a high wall, for that the city is at
the crossing of two important roads, the first following the river Niss, the second from the Treddas
Mountains to the steppes of Dhath. The other cities are really nothing more than large villages.
rcheldor
The island of rcheldor (S. "Land of Fire and Ice", Qu. "rheldr") is located in the North of
Middle Earth, on the borders of the Sea of Solitude, the Sea of Havens and the Sea of Storms.
Despite its location in the extreme North, rcheldor is a temperate island. What happened there is
only known by the Hwendi Elves of Thlornar and by the Eldar of the West. The Nmenreans
assumed that is was probably there that the Illuin lamp fell, but they had no certitude of it, as there
were tales about the roots of this fallen lamp in Urtlagga to the east too. Only the Eldar and the
Hwendi Elves of Thlornar know the truth.
The fall of Illuin lamp opened a wide Sea in the North, just like the fall of Ormal in the South,
drowning a part of the mountains. By chance and favorable geography, the territories around
Morgoth's fortress, Utumno, was left mainly untouched by the cataclysm, but separated from the
main continent, thus enhancing the defences of the fortress. The very mountains of this land broke
and shook, erupting fire and death, and covering the new island of Utumno in thick mists, to hide
it from the vengeance of Tulkas. It was later that the Valar found it at last, destroyed it to the
ground, and left a bleak and flat plain where once stood the mighty fortress.
The island in itself is bigger than Nmenor. The coasts are sharp and rocky cliffs, except in some
few areas, like the mouths of rivers. There are four different mountain chains, from which take
source dozens of rivers, the longest being the Ezrand, in eastern rcheldor, and the Ulut, in
northwestern rcheldor. There are several forests, and several lakes, including the greatest, lake
Ovadl, near the mountains and near the Umli and Dwarves settlement.
The island is split into several realms, which change during the course of history, but basically the
most important are Hithlond (a faithful colony of Nmenor in southwestern rcheldor, with its
two most important cities, Lond Elerion and Hithlond), Erezwand (a Vothrig realm in
southeastern rcheldor), Oerja (Womaw outposts in the sea of storms coast), Mornerin evil
realms. Orcs are present beneath the mountains to the north, Umli and Dwarves in the mountains
of the northwestern rcheldor. Here are detailed the most important realms :
Ierkhab and Kiebk ("Mountain Island") : these are Mornerin realms, located in the north and
in the Sea of Storms coasts. Their cities are usually a refuge for pirats. The Mornerin populations,
like their ancestors who fled the Ulshyan wrath at the end of First Age to the island, are an easy
prey for the Shadow, and to Fankil who coordinates all the Shadow plans against the free people.
Fortunately, these realms are rarely united, but represent nonetheless a danger for trade or
military affairs for both the Nmenreans, the Vothrig and the Ulshyans. One of their rulers was
the high priestess Rasedkh, bearer of a Ring of Binding (which links a spirit to a body); who
would rule his people for more than a millenia and who would be responsible for Hithlond's fall at
the end of Second Age.
Oerja : several trade outposts are built by mid-Second Age (Nenjen, Loaj-Kin) which are later
fortified. This is indeed a Womaw colony, but in fact the great majority of the population are of
Mornerin stock. Only the elite is Womaw. This lead by the end of Second Age first to the fall of
Oerja under the attacks of Rasedkh of Ierkhab and Raseral of Desdursyton, and next to the
creation in early Third Age of a Womaw/Vothrig realm.
Erezwand : one of the most important Vothrig realms in rcheldor created during the mid
Second Age by the fusion of Vothrig city states. The other important Vothrig realms are Rayomand
(on the mouth of river Nekadarja), Shiyras in Elthrakh, and Banadar the city state in Ulshy. All of
these realms are rivals; fighting each other for commercial and political power.

Hithlond : Founded in mid Second Age after several exploration of the Bay (including Soronto's
expedition in Ormal and Illuin Bays), Hisilond in southwestern Middle Earth is a Faithful colony.
Their rulers try to keep peace in the bay, and when it is not successful, then turned to a 'divide and
rule' policy, to better keep in check Vothrig and Ulshy power in the Bay. Unfortunately, ArZimrathn, in need of troops to send to Tantrak, orders a heavy withdrawal of forces from the
Faithful colonies of Illuin. Hithlond falls some decades later to the conjoint forces of Rasedkh and
Razeral, and is liberated some decades later. The refoundation of Hithlond happens at the
beginning of Third Age, but in coexistence with several Black Nmenrean realms.
Urd
Urd lies in the Far North of Endor, along the southern edges of the Iron Mountains. A extremely
cold and rocky land, it is inhabited by Udarin-speaking Men called the Urdar. Scattered bands of
Umli live in the higher reaches along its northern and eastern flanks.
Most Urdar live in or beside the forests of Dr, Shasir or the Great Forest, a great taiga woodland
in southern Urd. They hunt and trap throughout the area, spending their winters in well-insulated
clan centers by the great river called the Urgk. Their most famous son, Hoarmrath of Dr, broke
the rule of the Urd Priestesses and, with the help of the Avari, became the First King of Urd. When
his relation with the Luindrim bittered, he accepted a Ring of power from Sauron, thus becoming a
Ringwraith. In the following years, the Urdar submitted all the Far North, creating an Empire who
was to last until the end of the Age.
The cruel Urdar are reviled by all peoples in Northeastern Middle-earth.
Urtlagga
Urtlagga is a collection of cold and desolate islands located in the middle of the Sea of Thilluin.
Legends speak of the numerous caves that dot the volcanic isles, and a number of tales refer to the
caverns as the "lost Roots of the Lamp of the North."
sakan
sakan is a hilly and heavily-wooded land situated south of the Ered Laranor (Q. "Yellow
Mountains") and north of the bay of the same name. Its Kiranaic-speaking inhabitants venture
well out into the Haragaer.
ster Kryl
ster Kryl is an oasis of trees and hills in the vast grass sea known as the East-plain of Endor. It is
occupied by sedentary, Linerin-speaking dairymen and farmers called the steri. Their famous
650 mile long "Rope-wall" is a marvel of engineering. A 6 foot high fence made of laquered wood
and well-oiled hemp, it resists both fire and rot. It encircles the entire area. In the mid-Third Age,
the Wizard Alatar founded a kingdom in the forest called Luinemar ("The Place of the Blue One"),
which included sovereignty over Daldunair as well.. It was known as the Round Western Forest.
Uul
A vast vale comprising the remnant of a collapsed volcano, Uul is surrounded by hills and taiga
forests. Once settled by Dwarves of Drhar's Folk, it is now the domain of the Cold Drake
Lamthanc, and his awful offspring who terrorize the regions' woods. Uul lies west of the Sea of
Illuin.
Vaag
Located east of the Chy Gap, a broad pass in the Ered Harmal, Vaag is a somewhat dry, hilly area
occupied by Chyan-speaking herders and traders.
Vothrig
Vothrig lies in the borders of both the Sea of Havens and the Sea of Storms, in Northern Middle
Earth. The lands are inhabited by the Vothrig, a Tyran people, who arrived in the Bay on the fifth
century of Second Age. They settled near the sea, and droven back the early Mornerin inhabitants
to the West and to the East. They are gifted mariners. They are ruled by a hereditary King (or the

Ulfar in Vothrig language), and they have a long tradition for war. They worship a great number of
Gods and spirits amongst whom the heads are Ojhrig (the father of gods, the master of knowledge
and war), Rehj (the eldest son of Ojhrig, and the God of Courage and War), Aldoja and Nomath
(Gods of Justice and Duality), Freya (Goddess of Love, beautiful harvests and fertile grounds,
more or less the attributes of Yavanna), as well as Dedja (God of the Sea). They despise Djolk, the
God of Treason and Fear, and for all the Vothrig, this God does not have the honor to belong to the
family of Gods.
The coastlands in the Sea of Storms are rather sharped cliffs, while in the Sea of Havens, there is a
more frequent alternance between rocky beaches and high cliffs. The most important cities, like
Rayomand (on the mouth of river Nekadarja) or Cojen, are located in the Sea of Havens
coastlands, as it is easier to defend these cities against pirats, and to land ships on the sea.
There are several important rivers that take source in the nearby hills, in the deep valleys of
Nekakhtar (Vo "Mineral Treasures"). Despite several fierce battles had happened there (including
the battle against Fankil's armies at the end of First Age), Nekakhtar looks like a peaceful land,
which is famous for its mineral resources (copper, sandstone, silver) and its medicinal plants.
There are several important Vothrig villages on the hills and on the foothills of the Tem-Eskam
chain.
Elthrakh (Ky "The Land of the Blue Light) is a vast taiga woodland that stretches among hills and
mountains. It is home to another Tyran people, the Ky'taari, an ancient people who arrived on the
bay during the seventh century of Second Age. The Ky'taari became a woodland and reclusive
people, letting enemies pass as long as they didn't attack their villages, and ambushing them when
they got too near. The city port of Shiyras is an independant Vothrig city state.
V'Shrang
Originally settled by the Ts'dan (Ts. "Water's People") in the fourth century of the Second Age, the
five, mountainous islands of V'Shrang lie off the coast of eastern Middle-earth. They guard a rocky
but strategic channel in the Romenar. Here, east of the southeastern part of Ruuriik, the Oroslo
rise straight from the sea.
V'Shrang is ruled by a female Ollm (Ts. "Mother") and administered by a male O'lan (Ts.
"Counsel"). The O'lan is usually the Ollm's, uncle, brother, or son. He serves as the warlord of a
fierce, martial society. Ts'dan shipwrights are famous for their T'illa (Ts. "Water-travelers"), the
great warships that once dominated the west-central Romenar. T'illa-borne raiders conquered
Ka'ish in S.A. 323-48. These invaders reflected V'Shrang's traditional military triad, and included
the Ra'thorfa, the G'ekka, and the Ts'balla. The elite, all-female Ra'thorfa (Ts. "Running Fangs")
serve as a mounted shock force. They ride large, grey panthers called F'anna (Ts. "Ghostpanthers"), which are peculiar to V'Shrang and are undoubtedly the most noble of the big cats of
eastern Endor. Organized in packs of five, the well-trained Ra'thorfan riders carry flails and a
variety of lighter weapons. They comprise a formidable and highly mobile scouting and raiding
force, especially under nocturnal or arboreal conditions.
The all-male G'ekka, or "Long-ears," are lightly-armed Ts'dan bowmen. They carry elaboratelycarved composite bows. Like the Ra'thorfa, they are organized in units of five warriors called
Y'wofu. Five Y'wofu form an Y'wekka, which is the traditional foundation of any Ts'dan force. Most
of V'Shrang's warriors serve as part of the Ts'balla (Ts. "Ts'dan Mustering"). A primarily-male
mixture, this grouping of lightly-trained and irregularly-armed infantry includes all of the
unmarried Ts'dan maidens and all of the youthful Ts'dan men. While spirited, they are somewhat
undependable when it comes to a pitched melee.
Vulm Shryac
Vulm Shryac is the easternmost isle in Endor's great Southern Archipelago. It was inhabited by the
Vulmaw-descendants of the Surk Womaw who first settled the area after SA 923. Womul of Mak
conquered the local Wose tribes (the Shrl people, perhaps some relatives of Chailla) on behalf of
the Hion Jaariis. His elite Vrak Taanuk (Wm. "Coast Runners"), comprised the first Vulmaw
aristocracy, and their kinsmen still hold sway throughout the region. Strangely, though, four sitesthe most famous being the Shrine-forges at Leag Oac-remain sacrosanct and uninhabited; they
may be mere imitations of the Womaw sacred-shrines.
Waarwugan
Waarwugan (Ib. "Forest of the South") is a large warm forest, whose eastern reaches turn

gradually to salty swampland. Populated by uninviting beasts and insects, they are only inhabited
by the Yarulma, a Drg-related folk of wild hunters and gatherers. Sometimes Ibaavi, Yilgaathi
and Avari make expeditions in the forest to collect the various rare herbs and woods of the region.
Waw
Both an island and an archipelago, Waw lies off the southeastern coast of Lochas Drus, near the
so-called Shelf-lands by the Mountains of the Wind. It was settled by the Wlim during the second
and third centuries of the Second Age, and was the centre of the Nazgl Dwar's empire.
Wl
Wl is southernmost of the Shelf-lands situated east of the Mountains of the Wind. Its original
Wolm inhabitants speak a Pukael-related tongue. Long an important administrative region, Wl
sent many colonists and immigrants to the island of Ww. By the 15th-century TA, Wl had
become colonized in turn, as Ww became a great power in its own right. Wl and Ww were
almost synonymous in the chronicles of their rivals and foes in the post-Lochan period.
Womawas Drus
Womawas Drus encompasses all of the areas once ruled by the lords of Lochas proper.
Administrative units were organized along cultural lines and basically correspond to traditional
ethnic areas. After the division of the empire in T.A. 1794, various kingdoms and confederations
arose in most of Lochas Drus' districts and often strived to eliminate any obvious vestiges of their
elder subserviency; nonetheless, the names and borders of these smaller realms were generally the
same as they had always been, regardless of who was master.
Wm Shryac
Located south and east of the Womaw Reach, the easternmost arm of the Orocarni (Q. "Red
Mountains"), Wm Shryac is the westernmost of the four "Core-lands" of Womawas Drus. It
stretches from the Aceer Shryac in the west to the Sor Cuivan in the east. The Womaw Reach and
tbe Aceer Gak form its northern boundary, while the Romenar defines its southern edges.
Y-Lsturangsur
Y-Lsturangsur is a hilly karst-land lying along the eastern banks of the river Talathrant, about
two hundred miles south of the Sea of the Illuin.
Zimrathni
Mirdor, the "Jewel-land," lies north of the Yellow Mountains and south of the Bay of Drel.
Bounded by the river Celiant to the west, the Onpu Mispr to the north, and the Siresham to the
east, it is an astoundingly flat coastal plateau occupied by Apysaic-speaking Aden and Drel tribes.
(The urbane Adena comprise the majority.)
Zurghr
Zurghr is a land of contrast, through both the influence of men and nature. The land can be
divided into three major areas : the coastal lands (as the prolongation of Sakal an-Khr), the dark
jungle, heavily forested, the swamps. The rivers Alujed and Drvidra forms its northern border,
the frontier with the Lynerian League, while river Artar in the south constitutes the natural
frontier with Sakal an-Khr.
The coastal lands are a strip of land large of between 25 to 60 kilometers, populated mainly by
farmers and fishers. Three important cities dominate the coasts, Aglarrma ("the Castle of the
Sea") to the north near river Alujed's mouth, Lond Taurfalas ("Forest Coast City") and Zagar
Baluk, the most important city of all the area,with a tremendous activity of sea captains and
corsairs in the near islands. Last, the Sakal an-Khanm, who have in control most of these lands,
have deforested a little the jungle, and built there a line of seven fortresses, in case the barbarian
tribes of Zurghr would like to invade the civilized coastlands.
The jungle in itself is covered by dim rainforests and large clearings (the plains deforested long ago
by the Zurghr), which benefit of a large sunlight exposition. The climate is dry and humid, and the

precipitations are rather important, around 100 inches a year. The Esmandr river is the
traditional boundary of the Zurghr jungle, and it is there that starts Zekjd, the Swamps of the
Dead, as it was there than back before the First Age, it was supposed that some spirit folks
followers of Morgoth establish there strongholds, with as many slaves that needed to serve them.
The Zurghr as a whole are divided into several religious groups, or sects which take the same
positions as tribes. The most important sites of note are the holy Mountain Rnaghnti in the Rain
Mountains in northeastern Zurghr, and the fortress of Ventazvah ran-tal, the stronghold of the
ran-tal sect.
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