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LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY

PSY 3110-05
Friday 12pm 2:40pm

SPRING 2007
INSTRUCTOR: Verneda P. Hamm Baugh, Ph.D.
Office: J-330D

Course Syllabus
Class Assignments

Selected Reviews

908-737-4008

Lifespan Developmental Psychology (Psy 3110-05)


Course Syllabus Spring 2007
Dr. Verneda P. Hamm Baugh
Office: J-330-D
Telephone: 908-737-4008 or 908-737-4000 (secretary)
Email: vbaugh@kean.edu
Office Hours: Mondays & Wednesdays, 9:3011am; Fridays, 9:00am12pm
Required Text: Newman, B. M., & Newman P. R. (2006). Development Through Life: A Psychosocial
Approach. 9th Edition. California: Brooks/Cole Publishing.
Required Syllabus Book Fee: $2.00 (due by February 9, 2007)
Course Objectives
The objective of this course is to introduce students to the study of human development from conception
through old age. The course will highlight a psychosocial framework that emphasizes the role of genetic,
maturational, societal, and self-directed factors in development.
Course Requirements
Students are expected to read the required assignments and participate in discussions of the readings.
Assignments related to topics under discussion will be given throughout the course. The completion of these
assignments will constitute 20% of the final grade. There will be 4 exams worth 20% each. Dates for these
exams are listed on the course outline but may be changed at any time. Therefore, class attendance is crucial.
Make-up exams will given only with prior approval and must be taken within one week of the original exam
date.
Notes
1. The last day to withdraw from this class with a grade of W is March 20, 2007.
2. Attendance will be taken at each class meeting.
3. No assignments will be accepted via email.
4. Please turn pagers and cellular phones to the silent or vibrate position during the class period.
Electronic interruptions during class will result in a 5-point deduction of grade after the first
warning.
5. Foul language (cursing) is unacceptable and will not be tolerated during class.
Grading
Grades are assigned according to the following scale:
A
AB+
B
B-

(96-100%)
(90-95%)
(87-89%)
(84-86%)
(80-83%)

C+ (76-79%)
C (70-75%)
D (60-69%)
F (below 60%)

Course Outline
Following is a tentative schedule for the chapters to be covered, assignments and exam dates. If it becomes
necessary to change these dates an announcement will be made in class. This outline may be changed at any time
so class attendance is crucial.
Week 1

Jan 19

Introduction and Overview of Class


Chapter 2 (Scientific Process; Research)

Week 2
Jan 26

Chapter 3 Psychosocial Theory


Take-home Assignment 1 (assigned)
Chapter 4 (Theoretical Perspectives)

Week 3

Feb 2

Continue Chapter 4
Take-home Assignment 1 - due
Chapter 5 (Pregnancy and Prenatal Dev.)
In-Class Assignment 1 (Group Meeting)

Week 4

Feb 9

Week 5

Feb 17

Exam 1 Chpts. 2- 5
Chapter 6 (Infancy)
In-Class Assignment 2 (Group Meeting)
Take-home Assignment 2 (assigned)
Continue Chapter 6
Chapter 7 (Toddlerhood)
Group meeting

Week 6

Feb 23

Continue Chapter 7
Take-home Assignment 2 due
Chapter 8 (Early School Age)
Review

Week 7

Mar 2

Exam 2 Chpts. 6-8


Take-home Assignment 3 (assigned)
Chapter 9 (Middle School Age)

Week 8

Mar 9

Continue Chapter 9
Chapter 10 (Early Adolescence)
Chapter 11 (Later Adolescence)
Group meeting

Week 9

Mar 16

Spring Break
(Note: Last day to withdraw is 3/20/07)
Go to www:infinityplus.co.uk/stories/donysidro.htm
Summarize the story.

Week 10

Mar 23

Continue Chapter 11
Take-home assignment 3 due
Group Meeting
Review

Week 11

Mar 30

Exam 3 Chpts. 9-11


Chapter 12
Chapter 13 (Middle Adulthood)

Week 12

Apr 6

No Class Good Friday

Week 13

Apr13

Continue Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Group Meeting
Part 1 of Take-home Exam 4 due

Week 14

Apr 20

Chapter 14 (Later Adulthood)


Group Meeting

Week 15

Apr 27

Chapter 15
Group Meeting Finalize Essays

Week 16

May 4

Part 2 of Take-home Exam 4 due


Exam 4 Chpts. 12-15

Lifespan Developmental Psychology


Psychology 3110
Interview Questions

1.

Who is your personal hero?

2.

At what point did you know you were growing up?

3.

Complete the sentence: "The most difficult period of my


life was between the ages of _________ and ___________."

4.

Complete the sentence: "One aspect of aging I look forward to isand one aspect
of aging I dread is

Take-Home Assignment 1
Absolutely No Late Assignments Can Be Accepted
Due: February 2, 2007
Refer to chart in book
Psychosocial Theory
The basic tenet of the psychosocial theory is that development occurs throughout life in a
series of stages. Refer to the chart in the book. Based on your age, which stage of
development does the theory predict you are currently facing? You may feel that the previous
stage or the stage following better reflects your current life situation.
In 1 to 2 double-spaced typed pages, discuss your stage of psychosocial development by
addressing the following questions.
1.

Where does the theory place you in the life stages?

2.

Do you believe that there is a close fit between the developmental tasks and
psychosocial crisis and your current life circumstances? (It may be helpful to
turn to the relevant chapter and briefly review the tasks and crisis.)

3.

If so, briefly discuss them. If not, what stage better addresses your life stage?

Remember that the ages in the theory are not set in stone. However, the stages are
sequential; it is not possible to skip a stage. All stages influence those that follow.

*****No late papers will be accepted. All papers must be typed with your name in the upper
left-hand corner of the first page. Please use standard white paper and black print and use
12pt. font. Please do not use binders, cover pages, or covers of any kind. Please staple
multiple pages in the upper left-hand corner.*****

In Class Assignment 1
Discuss psychosocial factors [biological (somatic) system, psychological (ego) system, and
societal system] that are likely to impact the woman described below. As a group, list as many
factors for each system as possible. Finally, decide as a group if the woman described would
most likely choose to give birth or abort the pregnancy. Keep notes of the decisions made
by the group. You will need this information as we move through the stages of the
child.
I. Karen
Married, planned pregnancy, she and husband are both high powered attorneys hoping to
become partners at the law firm, own their home, she sees her family physician regularly
------------------------------------------------------------------II. Susan
Single college student, planned to attend medical school, works part time, does not have a
good relationship with the father of the baby and does not know where he is, lives with her
parents, no medical coverage
------------------------------------------------------------------III. Mary
Unhappily married in an abusive relationship, has 3 children, pregnancy unplanned, lives
several hundred miles from other family members and has no close friends.

Lifespan Development
In-class assignment 2
Infancy and Attachment
One of the major developmental tasks in infancy is the development of social attachments.
This attachment is usually formed with the primary caregiver. In the following scenarios we
will assume that the primary caregiver is the mother although attachments can and often are
formed with other people who perform a large portion of the child-care activities and who
show warmth and affection for the child.
As we have discussed, attachment is affected by what the baby and mother do and how they
respond to each other. Because of this, different types of attachments are formed based on
how the mother responds to the baby and ultimately how the baby reacts to the mother. The
attachments formed can be secure, avoidant, or ambivalent (resistant).
Now, refer back to the life circumstances of Karen, Susan, and Mary and focus primarily on
the woman discussed by your group. We have already decided that all three women will
decide to carry their pregnancies to term and raise their children themselves. However, given
their different circumstances and ego systems, it is possible, though not definite, that
different types of attachments will develop for the three women.
Karen - happily married, she and husband are lawyers, she is healthy, has a family
physician, has planned her pregnancy.
Susan - single college student, works part time, does not have a good relationship with the
father of the baby and does not know where he is, lives with her parents.
Mary - unhappily married in an abusive relationship, has 3 children, pregnancy unplanned.
Based on the discussions you had about one of these three women and the possible ego
systems in effect for each, what is your prediction about the type of attachment that we can
expect with the mother and child? What support systems do you anticipate the woman will
have? What obstacles will the child have to overcome as he/she faces the psychosocial crisis
of trust versus mistrust?
Keep notes of the decisions made by the group. You will need this information as we
move through the stages of the child.

Lifespan Development
Take-Home Assignment 2 Absolutely No Late Assignments Can Be Accepted
Due: February 23, 2007
You have a choice between 2 assignments. Read the descriptions of the two assignments
carefully before making a decision. No late papers accepted.
Option 1 - Using the Internet: Applying Piagets Theory
INTRODUCTION: This activity deals with Piagets view of intelligence. It will provide you
with an in-depth understanding of the stages of cognitive development as outlined in his
theory of cognitive growth.
INSTRUCTIONS: Using an Internet browser, locate the web address:
http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/cogsys/piaget.html
Once the Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development page loads, read through the summary
of his key ideas provided at this site.
When you are done, click on the link to specific examples at the bottom of the page (just
before the references) for an overview of ways that Piagetian concepts can be translated into
classroom settings. The left side of the chart describes what should be done to explain a
new concept and the right side of the chart gives some examples of how that can be
accomplished. Focus your attention on Teaching the Preoperational Child (Preschool
and Early Childhood).
Using the suggestions in this section, design one specific classroom exercise that a
preschool teacher could use to teach a concept to his or her students. In your lesson plan
write-up, list the following:
1. The key objective of the exercise. (What do you plan to teach? For example, the alphabet,
identifying words, number sequence, a simple science concept such as plants and flowers,
good manners, etc. Be specific about what you want the students to learn from the lesson)
2. The materials that will be required. (Are there props, pictures, objects to manipulate,
paper and crayons? Be specific)
3. A detailed explanation of how to conduct the exercise in a classroom setting. (Exactly
what will the teacher do during the lesson? Be specific)

This assignment should be typed, double-spaced, with your name in the upper left-hand
corner of the first page.

Lifespan Development
Take-Home Assignment 2 (No late assignments accepted)
Option 2 - Conservation of Liquids
Due: February 23, 2007
In this assignment you will conduct a very simple experiment; a test of conservation
using children who are currently in Piaget's stage of preoperational thought which begins in
toddlerhood and goes into middle childhood (approximately 2-6 or 7 years of age).
Preoperational children tend to centrate: they focus on one aspect of a situation and neglect
others, often coming to illogical conclusions. They cannot decenter, or think simultaneously
about several aspects of a situation.
A classic example is Piaget's most famous experiment. He designed it to test children's
development of conservation - the awareness that two things that are equal remain so if their
shape is altered so long as nothing is added or taken away. He found that children do not
fully understand this principle until the stage of concrete operations, normally in middle
childhood.
Your task is to show a child (4-6 years old) two identical clear glasses, both short and
wide and holding the same amount of water or juice. Then pour the water from one glass into
a third taller, thinner glass. Now ask the child whether both glasses contain the same
amount of water, or whether one contains more. Wait for the child to answer (most likely
he/she will say that the tall glass has more water). Then ask the child why he/she answered
the way they did. Then pour the water from the tall glass back into the short glass and ask
the child whether the glasses now have the same amount of water (if the child is truly
preoperational he/she will say they are equal again).
1. Record the child's age.
2. Record exactly what you ask the child.
3. Record the child's exact answers to your questions.
4. Answer the question: Is the child in the stage of preoperational thought? What leads you
to draw this conclusion?
Limit your paper to 1 - 2 double-spaced typed pages. Place your name in the upper left-hand
corner of the page. Staple multiple pages in the left-hand corner.
Note:
At no time should you laugh at or in any way make the child feel as if he/she is doing or
saying anything wrong. Always be encouraging and supportive of the child's response (use
good, that's good, you did a good job often). Besides, the child's responses are correct for
his/her stage of cognitive development.

Lifespan Development
Take-Home Assignment 3
Absolutely No Late Assignments Can Be Accepted
Due: March 23, 2007
Erikson described the period of free experimentation before a final identity is achieved as
psychosocial moratorium. This moratorium allows individuals freedom from the daily
expectations for role performance. This allows for a time of experimentation with new roles,
values, and belief systems before identity achievement is reached.
You are to write a short "What if" paper focusing on what you would do if you had no
obligations and received a two-year fellowship to follow any path or pursue any goals you
wished. How would you spend this period of psychosocial moratorium? Would you
experiment with roles different from those you are currently play? Are you currently in a
period of psychosocial moratorium? If so, what roles are you experimenting with now?
The paper should be 1 to 2 double-spaced typed pages and clearly describe how your
identity achievement would be different from what it is now, if at all. Remember to write you
name in the upper left-hand corner of the first page and staple multiple pages in the left-hand
corner. Use white paper, black ink, and 12pt. font size.
No late papers accepted.

Take-Home Portion of Exam 4


Group Assignment (Groups will be created curing the first class meeting)
Due on May 4, 2007
No late exams will be accepted. Each group member must be present during group
meetings to receive full credit. Each part of the assignment constitutes 15% (total
30%) of your grade on exam 4. Type all essays using double spacing. Do not use
binders or covers. Place each group members name in the upper left-hand corner of
the first page. Use 1-inch margins on all sides of the paper. Please use standard white
paper and black ink and a standard 12pt. font. Staple multiple pages in the upper lefthand corner.
Part 1 Applying Psychosocial Theory to popular culture.
Source: CD by Five For Fighting, The Battle for Everything,
Track 4, 100 Years
The details for this assignment will be distributed in class.
Part 2 Website: http://www.infinityplus.co.uk/stories/donysidro.htm
By the week of March 12, 2007, go to the website listed above and read the short story
Don Ysidro. Your individual assignment is to summarize the story. Your summary should be
about page long. Type your summary and bring to class to place in the group folder by
April 18, 2007. Groups will meet to apply psychosocial theory to the story. The focus will be
on the last three stages of development (middle adulthood, later adulthood, and very old age).
The major focus should be on generativity and immortality. Group members will develop a
group essay together. Each group will choose one person to type the group essay. We will
discuss details in class
_________________________________________________________________________________
Grading will be based on how clearly and accurately you present your ideas in the essays.
Assume that you are writing this essay for someone who has no experience with psychosocial
theory, so explain the psychosocial terminology clearly. Be sure to explain and/or give
examples of the points you make when necessary. Be sure to provide enough information to
support any conclusions you draw about the childs development in Part 1 and the short story
in Part 2. Remember that wordiness does not necessarily make a good essay.

Lifespan Developmental Psychology


Review - Exam I
Following are a few questions that you can use to help prepare for the exam. These questions
are not exhaustive of all of the material we covered. This is intended to serve as a study aid
only. Please refer to your notes and the relevant areas in the text as you prepare for the exam.
1. Which of the following is an assumption of the text? (Be sure to review the Newman and
Newman assumptions in the text)
a. psychological growth occurs only up to age 25.
b. individual lives show continuity and change over the lifespan.
c. it is best to study each element of human behavior separately
rather than trying to look at interrelationships between systems.
d. the environment is more important than heredity in determining
development.
2. According to the psychosocial theory, what are the major systems that interact to produce
human experience?
a. somatic (biological), ego (psychological), and societal systems
b. democratic, capitalist, and egalitarian systems
c. fantasy, reasoning, and communication systems
d. (somatic) biological, physiological, and metabolic systems
3. Which of the following is a component of the societal system?
a. reasoning
b. cultural myths
c. reality testing

d. motor skills

4. In the case of Rose, a change in social relationships leads to which of the following?
a. being rejected by her children
b. physical symptoms
c. self-insight
d. self-acceptance
5. Which of the following best defines a longitudinal design?
a. a study that compares people of different ages at one time.
b. a study that follows a group of people over a number of years.
c. a study that follows a group of people of different ages over a period of time.
d. a study that looks back in time to an earlier period of a person's life.
6. Which of the following is a special focus of psychosocial theory?
a. it addresses stability across the life span rather than change.
b. it focuses on the individual, not on society.
c. it addresses new changes from infancy through old age.
d. it attributes development primarily to unconscious forces.
7. Which of the following is not a central concept of psychosocial theory?
a. stages of development
b. functional autonomy of motives

c. coping

d. psychosocial crisis

8. Which of the following terms refers to the tension between the person's competencies and
societal demands at each stage of life?
a. core pathology
b. developmental task
c. psychosocial crisis
d. critical period
9. What is one assumption of Freud's psychoanalytic theory?
a. all behavior is a product of chance.
b. all behavior is motivated
c. all behavior is a product of reinforcement
d. all behavior is a product of personal aspirations
10. Bob has recently lost his job. After a few days of feeling discouraged and angry about it,
Bob decides to visit a career counselor. He goes to the library and borrows some books on
emerging career opportunities. He talks to some people who also lost their jobs and finds out
how they got started in a new field. Which term best summarizes Bob's efforts?
a. coping behavior
b. stagnation
c. identity formation
d. radius of significant others
11. Which is the psychosexual stage in which the conflict focuses on the subordination of the
childs will to the
demands of the culture for appropriate toilet habits?
a. genital
b. phallic
c. anal
d. oral
12. One of the basic assumptions of Piaget's theory of cognitive development is that
organisms strive to achieve ______.
a. concrete operational thought
b. metacognition
c. psychosocial tasks
d. equilibrium
13. During which stage do the Oedipal and Electra conflicts occur?
a. genital
b. latency
c. phallic
d. anal
14. In cognitive developmental theory, adaptation is viewed as a product of two
complimentary processes. They are
a. fixation and denial
b. stimulus and response
c. reward and punishment
d. assimilation and accommodation
15. How does a father's presence during labor and delivery affect childbirth?
a. labor and delivery take longer

b. mothers are more self-conscious


c. mothers have shorter labor when fathers are present
d. fathers' presence has not systematic impact on the length of labor
16. Which of the following is an example of a cultural attitude of shame toward pregnancy?
a. giving help to a pregnant woman
b. viewing a pregnant woman as sexually desirable
c. keeping pregnancy a secret as long as possible
d. eating special foods during pregnancy

17. Which of the following describes the embryo during the early weeks of gestation (3-4
weeks)?
a. insensitive to disruptive influences of teratogens
b. almost ten inches long
c. particularly sensitive to disruptive influences of teratogens
d. responsive to light.
Questions to consider.
1.

What can happen in a person's development if a psychosocial crisis is resolved


toward the negative pole?

2.

Considering Rose, Mary, Susan, and Karen, how do the three systems (ego,
somatic, and societal) interact?

Lifespan Development
Review - Exam 2
For each stage of development be able to identify the psychosocial crisis, central process,
prime adaptive ego quality, and the core pathology.
Chpt. 6. Infancy
1. Which of the following sensory/motor systems is LEAST well developed in newborns?
a. vision
b. hearing
c. taste
d. voluntary motor activity
2. Jean Piaget described the period from birth to 2 as the stage of ______________.
a. sensorimotor intelligence
b. Oedipal conflict
c. initiative versus guilt
d. preoperational thought
3. As infants approach an unfamiliar person, they look to their mother and use her
facial expressions as a source of information about the situation. Under these
conditions, the mother serves as a(n) _________________.
4. What are the characteristics of the mother and child for the three types of attachment?
5. By what age do children show object permanance?
Chpt. 7. Toddlerhood
1. Children begin toddlerhood with uncoordinated hesitant movement skills and
a. remain this way until the next stage of development
b. make amazing accomplishments in acquiring coordination and complex
locomotor skills by the end of the stage.
c. their locomotor skills are already developed by this stage
d. none of the above
2. Which of the following is not a characteristic of representational skills?
a. frees children from real events
b. allows children to express relationships they have known in the past
c. allows children to portray events and relationships they wish would
occur
d. increases children's reliance on sensorimotor schemes
3. Mischel found that children who can delay gratification tend to be
a. less intelligent
b. little achievement goals
c. more intelligent
d. none of the above
4. Which of the following is not an important factor in a toddler's ability to control impulses

a. increased ability to withstand delays in gratification


b. increased verbal abilities
c. development of symbolic imagery
d. increased understanding of the concept of distance

True or False
1. During toddlerhood children learn to recognize symbols and signs.
2. In the first few months of life, infants produce the full range of sound of all human
language in their
cooing and babbling.
Chpt. 8. - Early School Age
1. What are sex-role standards?
a. cultural expectations about appropriate behavior for males & females
b. knowing that gender is stable
c. wanting to do the things that members of your sex are expected to do
d. wanting to grow up to be like your same-sex parent
2. According to behavioral learning theory, internalization is a result of
a. empathy
b. identification
c. cognitive judgments d. rewards and punishments
3. When a person decides whether something is morally right or wrong based on how
individuals in positions of
authority view it, the person is said to be at which level of moral reasoning?
a. preconventional
b. conventional
c. postconventional
d. unconventional
4. A person's evaluation about his or her own worthiness is called
a. self-esteem b. egocentrism c. self theory
d. dissonance
5. What is the psychosocial crisis of early school age
a. trust versus mistrust
b. initiative versus guilt
c. industry versus inferiority d. autonomy versus shame and doubt
True or false
1. One's level of self-esteem is associated with the willingness to take risks and one's
expectations about success or failure.
Questions to consider.
1. What are two characteristics of children who have well-developed pretending skills?

2. What are three ways toddlers can use language to help them manage their impulses.
3. What are the four elements of understanding gender as a concept?

Lifespan Developmental Psychology


Review - Exam 3
Following is a list of review questions that may help you prepare for the exam.
1. What factors influence a middle school age child's self-evaluation?
2. Compare/contrast physical maturation between girls and boys and the effects of
early and late maturation.
3. What are characteristics of formal operational thought and what factors contribute to its
development?
4. What are characteristics of adolescent emotional development?
5. What factors influence sexual activity in males and females?
6. What are the possible identity developments?
7. What is psychosocial moratorium?
8. What factors contribute to autonomy from parents?
9. What factors influence sex-role identity and how does it contribute to career choice?
10. What role do discipline styles have in a middle school aged child's ability to form
friendships?
11. Be familiar with the psychosocial crisis, central process, adaptive ego quality, and core
pathology for each stage.
12. What are 5 ways which parents influence a child's reading achievement?

Lifespan Developmental Psychology


Review Exam 4
Following are a few questions that you can use to help prepare for the exam. These questions
are not exhaustive of all of the material we covered. Please refer to your notes and the
relevant areas in the text as you prepare for the exam.
1.
2.

3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

What are the ego qualities that have led to the ability to resolve the crisis in
middle adulthood in favor of generativity?
Compare and contrast the psychosocial stages of middle and later adulthood.
What skills (tasks) are important in both period for successful development, and
what skills are relatively unique to each stage for successful development? What
characteristics of behavior in the former must change in order to develop
successfully in the latter?
Suppose a large proportion of older adults in a society fail to achieve a sense of
integrity, and instead close their lives in a state of despair. What would be the
implications of this outcome for individuals in earlier life stages?
What is the relationship between health and intellectual ability?
Describe an ideal environment that would prevent the deterioration of cognitive
abilities and would optimize cognitive functioning in later adulthood.
What is the relationship between perception of age and life satisfaction?
Explain how one's point of view about death is likely to change from toddlerhood
through later life.
What is social support and how does it contribute to the health and well being of
very old adults?
What factors predict physical functioning in the very old?
Your successful, well-rounded, satisfied 94-year-old grandfather heard that you
were taking a course on lifespan development. He calls you on the phone and
wants you to tell him about development; specifically all those factors which
have led him to where he is today. How would you explain development from a
psychosocial perspective making sure to include a discussion of how each stage
is dependent on the resolution of the previous psychosocial crisis? Take a few
minutes and describe development according to Newman and Newman.