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INCOMPLETE SENTENCES: Part 1

TOEIC 500

LESSON 5: BASIC SENTENCE


PATTERN 2
LESSON FOCUS
1. BE VERBS OR LINKING VERBS
2. PREDICATE NOMINATIVE
3. PREDICATE ADJECTIVE
4. MORE SENTENCE PATTERNS

BE VERBS or LINKING VERB


Linking verbs cant demonstrate but it shows that the subject exists.
BE VERBS:

PRESENT
is am are

PAST
was

Examples

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were

INCOMPLETE SENTENCES: Part 1


TOEIC 500

Im cold. Can I close the window?


Clay is ill. He is in the hospital now.
You are late.
Ann and I are good friends.
They were at the theater.
She was with them.

LINKING VERBS:
Can

could

may

might

must

shall

will

would

have

appear

look

sound

become

remain

stay

feel

seem

taste

grow

smell

turn

TIP: If you want to know whether the word is used as an action verb or linking verb,
change the word into a be-verb. After you change it and its not the same as the original
sentence then its an action verb.

EXERCISE
INSTRUCTION: Write the correct be-verb.
1. The weather _____ nice yesterday.
2. The weather _____ sunny today.

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INCOMPLETE SENTENCES: Part 1


TOEIC 500

3. I _____ not rich when we met.


4. The bag _____ heavy.
5. These pens _____ very light.
6. There _____ Nick and Jessica.
7. You _____ not here when I arrived last night.
8. Kana _____ at home. Her children _____ at school.
9. I _____not hungry but I _____ thirsty.
10. She _____ very late. The clients _____ very early.

INSTRUCTION: Identify if it is an action or a linking verb


1. We stayed at a very nice hotel.
2. Lora became a doctor.
3. The coffee beans taste bitter.
4. The people stayed calm even though many were scared.
5. The leaves of the tree turned brown in autumn.

PREDICATE NOMINATIVE
DEFINITION
PREDICATE NOMINATIVE is a noun or pronoun that appears with a linking verb and renames, identifies,
or explains the subject of a sentence.
Examples
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INCOMPLETE SENTENCES: Part 1


TOEIC 500

Jillan became a psychologist.


Flora became a full-time mother.
The winner is Miya Kato.
Warren Buffet is an investor and a philanthropist.

EXERCISE
INSTRUCTION: Fill in the blanks with subject and verb
1. _______________ the greatest actress.
2. _______________ the greatest actor.
3. _______________ the greatest inventor.
4. _______________ the most beautiful woman.
5. _______________ the most funniest person.
6. _______________ the most successful person I know.
7. _______________ the worst dancer.
8. _______________ the worst singer.
9. _______________ the most expensive car for me.
10. _______________ the best gift I ever received.

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INCOMPLETE SENTENCES: Part 1


TOEIC 500

PREDICATE ADJECTIVE
DEFINITION
PREDICATE ADJECTIVE is an adjective that appears with a linking verb and tells about the subject of the
sentence.
Examples
You are beautiful and intelligent.
The pen is light.
Dave is wonderful.

EXERCISE
INSTRUCTION: Add a predicate adjective.
1. The weather is __________.
2. My country is __________.
3. My mother is __________.
4. My father is __________.
5. My best friend is __________.
6. My partner/spouse is __________.
7. My co-workers are __________.
8. I am __________.

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INCOMPLETE SENTENCES: Part 1


TOEIC 500

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS

SENTENCE PATTERNS WITH TRANSITIVE VERBS


Subject + Linking Verb (LV)+ Predicate
Nominative (PN)

She is a doctor.

Subject + Linking Verb + Predicate


Adjective (PA)

She is friendly.

Subject + Subject + Intransitive verb (IV)

She and I walked home.

Subject + Action Verb + Direct Object +


Direct Object(DO)

She took the cup and the plate.

Subject + Linking Verb + Linking Verb +


Predicate Nominative

She was and is a good doctor.

Subject + Action Verb + Direct Object +


Action Verb + Direct Object + Objective
Compliment(OC)

She went out for lunch and made me


manager that day.

EXERCISE
INSTRUCTION: Fill in the blanks.
1. She is ______________(PN).
2. She is ______________(PA).
3. She took ______________(DO).

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INCOMPLETE SENTENCES: Part 1


TOEIC 500

4. We had ______________(DO).
5. He gave ______________(IO) a box of chocolate.
6. He promise his niece ______________(DO).
7. They made her ______________(DO).
8. They elected ______________(DO) the new president.
9. I appointed Melissa ______________(OC)
10. I am ______________(PN). You are ______________(PN).

LESSON PRACTICE
INSTRUCTION: Identify the sentence pattern.
1. The goalkeeper and the defense player talked at the sideline.
2. The woman hit the car and the post.
3. The dogs are playful.
4. The woman is a surgeon.
5. We talked for long hours.
6. Endo bought a cup and labeled it awesome.
7. She was and is the kindest person I know.
8. She dropped the vase.
9. I cant find the keys.
10. The monkey is Lucy.

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INCOMPLETE SENTENCES: Part 1


TOEIC 500

INSTRUCTION: Make your own sentence using the pattern.


1. S-LV-PN
2. S-LV-PA
3. S-LV-LV-PN
4. S-AV-DO-DO
5. S-AV-DO-AV-DO-OC

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