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Two-day Symposium

Ending impunity
together

domestic and international prosecution


of international and transnational organised crimes

28 - 29 April 2015
Riara University, Nairobi

Ending im punit y Togeth e r

Tuesday, 28 April 2015


8:30 9:30

Welcoming remarks
Faith Nguru Ag. Vice Chancellor, Riara University
Bettina Ambach Director, Wayamo Foundation
Sylvia W. Kangara Dean and Associate Professor of Law, Riara Law School
Opening remarks
Andreas Peschke Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany
Ndegwa Muhoro Director, Criminal Investigation Department
Githu Muigai Attorney General, Republic of Kenya
Keynote address: Willy Mutunga Chief Justice & President of the Supreme Court of Kenya

9:30 11:00

Panel I: Is there a complementarity turn?


How domestic is the future of International Criminal Law?
Moderator
Mark Kersten London School of Economics
Philipp Ambach Special Assistant of the President, International Criminal Court
Serge Brammertz Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
Hassan Bubacar Jallow Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and International
Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals
Athaliah Molokomme Attorney General, Republic of Botswana

11:00 11:30
Coffee break

11:30 13:00

Panel II: National and regional courts dealing with serious crimes: Lessons learnt from the
International and Organised Crime Units of Canada, Uganda and Rwanda, and discussion
about an African Court with jurisdiction over international crimes
Moderator
Waikwa Wanyoike Executive Director, Katiba Institute, Nairobi
Don Deya CEO Pan African Lawyers Union, Arusha, Tanzania
Lydia Mugambe Judge at the High Court of Uganda
Jean Bosco Mutangana Head, International Crimes Unit, National Public Prosecution Authority,
Rwanda
Robert Petit Counsel and Team Leader, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity Section of the
Canadian Department of Justice

P ROG RA MME
13:00 14:00
Lunch

14:00 15:30

Panel III: The International and Organised Crimes Division in the High Court of Kenya
Why and How?
Moderator
Bettina Ambach Director, Wayamo Foundation
Sam Kobia Chair of the IOCD Committee
Njonjo Mue Human Rights Lawyer and Transitional Justice Expert, Nairobi
Lilian Obuo Head of the International Crimes Division, Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions, Kenya
Amos Omuga Superintendent of Police, Criminal Investigation Department, Kenya

15:30 15:45
Coffee break

15:45 16:45

Panel IV: The intersection of core international crimes and transnational organised crimes
Moderator
Jemima Njeri Senior Researcher, Transnational Threats and International Crime Division, Institute for
Security Studies, Pretoria
Raymond Debelle Co-ordinator, UN group of Experts for Cte dIvoire
Eric Kibet Lecturer, Riara University Law School
Alex Whiting Professor, Harvard Law School

Ending im punit y Togeth e r

Wednesday, 29 April 2015


10:00 11:00

The Wednesday morning lecture:


Justice, Power and Politics Tensions and Linkages
Moderator
Mark Kersten London School of Economics
Kevin Jon Heller Professor of Criminal Law, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS),
University of London

11:00 11:15
Coffee break

11:15 12:45

Panel V: Challenges to complex international investigations and prosecutions: Different prosecutorial strategies, investigation challenges for national authorities, and witness protection
Moderator
Wambui Njogu Lecturer, Kenyatta University School of Law
Adejok Babington-Ashaye former investigator, International Criminal Court
Alice Ondieki, Director Witness Protection Agency, Kenya
Cristina Ribeiro Investigation Co-ordinator, Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court
Simo Vtinen former Chief of the Victim and Witness Protection Unit, International Criminal Court

12:45 14:00
Lunch

PROG RA MME
14:00 15:30

Panel VI: Best practice in Government/NGO collaboration with atrocity-crime investigations and
prosecutions
Moderator
Joseph Roberts-Mensah Africa Director, Wayamo Foundation
Government Representative (TBC)
Jolene Harvey Deputy Director & Senior Counsel, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity Section of
the Canadian Department of Justice
George Kegoro Executive Director, Kenya Section of the International Commission of Jurists
Betty Murungi Independent Consultant on Human Rights and Transitional Justice

15:30 16:30

Closing Remarks:
The future of international criminal justice
Serge Brammertz Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
Athaliah Molokomme Attorney General, Republic of Botswana
Joel Ngugi Judge, High Court of Kenya & Director, Judiciary Training Institute
Alex Whiting Professor, Harvard Law School

All those attending are kindly invited to join us for a cocktail after the event.

Ending im punit y Togeth e r

Bettina Ambach

Director, Wayamo Foundation


Since 2010 Bettina Ambach is heading the Wayamo Foundation, an independent, non-profit organisation established to strengthen the rule of law,
promote international criminal justice
and foster transparency through informed journalism. The Foundation does this by building
the capacity of national judicial systems to better address international and transnational crimes and by providing a forum for network-building between domestic
and international judicial institutions.
Ambach has been an international affairs journalist

since 1992, and a media consultant and lecturer in journalism in Africa, Asia and Latin America since 1995. She
has completed consultancies for the German Federal
Foreign Office, Deutsche Welle Academy, Fundacin
Nuevo PeriodismoIberoamericano (Colombia), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (Liberia),
the EU-funded project Reform of the Myanmar Police
Force and the International Criminal Court.
Ambach completed university studies in Hamburg,
Germany, Yaound, Cameroon, Dsseldorf, Germany
and Montpellier, France. She holds a Masters degree in
History and French.

Philipp Ambach

Special Assistant of the President, International Criminal Court


Dr. Philipp Ambach works in the Presidency of the ICC as the Presidents Special Assistant since December 2010. Presently, he is temporarily deployed to the
ICC Registry ReVision Project as a Legal
Officer and team leader for the revision
of the functioning and efficiency of a number of judiciary-related Registry Sections. Before his employment
with the ICC, Mr. Ambach worked for four years as an
Associate Legal Officer in the Appeals Chamber of the
ICTY, ICTR, as well as in the Registry of the ICTY. Natio-

nally, Mr. Ambach had been accepted at the Cologne


Public Prosecutors Office prior to his employment with
the ICTY.
After finishing his law degree at the Humboldt-University of Berlin, Mr. Ambach served his Referendariat
at the Regional Court of Dsseldorf. He holds a Ph.D. in
international criminal law from Free University of Berlin.
Mr. Ambach has published a number of articles on various topics in the area of international criminal as well
as humanitarian law and regularly gives lectures on ICL/
IHL topics at various universities and research institutions.

Adejok Babington-Ashaye
Counsel, World Bank Administrative Tribunal
Adejok Babington-Ashaye is a specialist in international criminal investigations and public international law.
Presently counsel at the World Bank Administrative Tribunal in Washington, she
was formerly an associate investigator in
the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and associate legal officer at the International Court of Justice.
She holds a Masters degree in Public International
Law (LLM) from the London School of Economics and
Political Science with a specialisation in International
Criminal Law, and is a licensed Attorney in New York.
Her background includes investigations into human

rights abuses in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria, researching human rights policies at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard University (Kennedy School
of Government), and working on the ratification of the
Protocol of the Rights of Women in Africa.
She has held various positions in the American Bar
Association Section of International Law and is Director
of Programmes at the African Association of International Law.
Ms. Babington-Ashaye has published a number of
articles on various topics in the area of international
criminal law, Africa, development and international
law. She has also presented and taught workshops on
these topics.

B IOG RAPHY
Serge Brammertz

Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia


Before his appointment as Prosecutor
of the International Criminal Tribunal for
the former Yugoslavia, Serge Brammertz
of Belgium was the Commissioner of the
United Nations International Independent
Investigation Commission into the murder
of the former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, a post he held
from January 2006 until the end of 2007. Previously,
he was Deputy Prosecutor of the ICC, in charge of the
Investigations Division of the Office of the Prosecutor.
Before, he was the head of the Federal Prosecution of
the Kingdom of Belgium. From 1997 to 2002, as a Na-

tional Magistrate, Mr. Brammertz was in charge of coordinating investigations in the fields of international drug
trafficking and trafficking of human beings. During this
period, he also worked as an expert for the European
Commission, the Council of Europe and the International Organization for Migration. Mr. Brammertz was a
Professor of law at the University of Lige and an author
on organised crime and international cooperation in criminal matters. He holds a law degree from the University
of Louvain-la-Neuve, a degree in Criminology from the
University of Lige and a PhD in international law from
the Albert Ludwig University in Freiburg, Germany.

Raymond Debelle

Co-ordinator, UN group of Experts for Cte dIvoire


Raymond Debelle, a Belgian national,
is a recognised expert on armed groups
operating in the Eastern DR Congo, especially on the FDLR.
In 2011, under the aegis of the Transitional Demobilization and Repatriation Program (TDRP) of the World Bank, he conducted
an intensive field research on the structure, leadership,
ideology, alliances, impact and survival strategies of this
organisation.
In 2013, he conducted an update of this research
(supported by Small Arms Survey, a research institute

located in Switzerland). He is presently the Coordinator


of the UN Group of Experts on Cte dIvoire and has
completed four mandates with this group.
He also completed two mandates with the UN Group
of Experts on the DR Congo, as Regional and Arms Expert (2010 & 2009) and has been a consultant to the
UN Panel of Experts on Liberia twice (2012 & 2011).
He formerly worked as a criminal investigator at the
International Criminal Court and in the Africa Desk-Field
Security for the Council of the European Union. He has a
long professional experience in the Great Lakes Region
under UN, EU and national mandates.

Don Deya

CEO Pan African Lawyers Union, Arusha, Tanzania


Don Deya is the CEO of the Pan African Lawyers Union (PALU). He is an advocate of the High Court of Kenya, and
was previously the CEO of the East Africa
Law Society (EALS), and, before that, Deputy CEO of the Law Society of Kenya
(LSK). He has also worked with the Kenyan Section of
the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ-Kenya).
Among other things, he chairs the Executive Committees of the Centre for Citizens Participation in the
African Union (CCP AU) and the International Coalition

for the Responsibility to Protect (ICRtoP). He is a Council


Member (and former Chair) of the African Court Coalition (ACC).
He litigates extensively at the African Court on Human and Peoples Rights (AfCHPR), and the East African
Court of Justice (EACJ). He has engaged in advocacy
with several organs and institutions of the African Union
(AU), African Development Bank (AfDB) and various African Regional Economic Communities (RECs). He also
engages the United Nations (UN) system, and the International Criminal Court (ICC).

Ending im punit y Togeth e r

Jolene Harvey

Deputy Director & Senior Counsel, War Crimes


and Crimes Against Humanity Section of the Canadian Department of Justice
Jolene Harvey holds a Bachelor of Arts (Criminology)
degree from Simon Fraser University, a Juris Doctor from
Osgoode Hall Law School and a post-graduate certificate in International Criminal Justice from the University
of London. She is a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada (Ontario, Canada) and is admitted as an
attorney in the State of New York.
Jolene began her career in the London and New
York offices of the global law firm, Shearman & Sterling.
While in private practice, she also completed a secondment to the Office of the Prosecutor at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Jolene joined the Department of Justice Canada in


2003. She has worked in the Crimes Against Humanity
and War Crimes Section, where she is currently Deputy
Director and Senior Counsel, and in the International Assistance Group, Canadas central authority for mutual
legal assistance and extradition.
Jolene was also Chief of Staff to the Assistant
Deputy Attorney General, Public Safety, Defence and
Immigration (2011-2012) and was seconded to the
Criminal, Security and Treaty Law Division at the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development
(2007-2008).

Kevin Jon Heller

Professor of Criminal Law, SOAS, University of London


Kevin Jon Heller is currently Professor of
Criminal Law at SOAS, University of London. Until 2014, he was Associate Professor & Reader at Melbourne Law School,
where he also served as Project Director
for International Criminal Law at the Asia
Pacific Centre for Military Law. He holds a PhD in law from
Leiden University and a JD with distinction from Stanford
Law School. His books include The Nuremberg Military
Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law
(Oxford University Press, 2011) and The Hidden Histories
of War Crimes Trials (Oxford University Press, 2013) (edi-

ted with Gerry Simpson). He has been involved in the


International Criminal Courts negotiations over the crime of aggression, worked as Human Rights Watchs external legal advisor on the trial of Saddam Hussein, and
served for three years as one of Radovan Karadzics
formally-appointed legal associates. He consults regularly with a variety of UN organisations (such as UNAMA)
and human rights groups (such as Human Rights First)
and is a core trainer for Professionals in Humanitarian
Assistance and Protection, a Brussels-based NGO that
focuses on IHL. He is also a permanent member of the
international-law blog Opinio Juris.

Hassan Bubacar Jallow

Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda


and International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals
Hassan Bubacar Jallow, Under Secretary-General of the United Nations and
Chief Prosecutor of the UNICTR as well
as Chief Prosecutor of the UNMICT, studied law in Tanzania, Nigeria and Great
Britain.
He previously worked as the Attorney General and
Minister of Justice in The Gambia and as Justice of
the Gambian Supreme Court, Judge of the Appeals
Chamber, UN Special Court for Sierra Leone, Judge Ad
Litem of the UNICTY and as Judge of the Commonwealth Arbitral Tribunal. He has served the UN, the OAU,
the AU and the Commonwealth as Legal Consultant
on various matters including governance, human rights,

public law, international law and international criminal


justice. He has published various books and papers on
his subject of expertise. He was conferred with Commander of the National Order of the Republic of The
Gambia (CRG) 1985.
Justice Jallow is a member of the Gambian and
the Nigerian Bar Associations as well as being a
member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators
(MCIARB) and of the International Association of Prosecutors (IAP). He is Co-Chair of the World Justice
Project, a member of the Advisory Council for a Convention on Crimes Against Humanity and a member of the Commonwealth Judges and Magistrates
Association.

JOAN KAGEZI ()

Head of the Prosecution Division of the International Crimes Division of Uganda


Joan Kagezi was a Prosecutor at
the Directorate of Public Prosecutions
in Uganda where she headed the War
Crimes/Terrorism prosecution division of
the Directorate.
Created in 2008, the division in-

vestigates and prosecutes international crimes as


well as other cases of transnational nature before
the International Crimes Division of the High Court
Uganda.
Joan Kagezi was killed in Kampala on 30 March
2015.

Sylvia W. Kangara

Dean & Associate Professor of Law, Riara Law School


Sylvia Kangara writes and teaches on
matters concerning comparative private law and property theory, international
law, and theories of justice. She graduated with a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree
from the University of Nairobi School of
Law in 1996. After completing postgraduate studies at
the Kenya School of Law in 1997, she received the
Samuel Morse Lane Scholarship to pursue a Master of
Laws (LLM) degree at Harvard Law School, graduating
in 1998. She subsequently joined Harvard Law Schools
Doctor of Juridical Sciences (SJD) degree programme
from which she graduated in 2003. In the course of

her doctoral studies, she received awards from the Association of American University Women, the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, and the Institute for the Study of
World Politics.
In 2003, she joined the New York office of the international law firm, White & Case, LL.P., as an international legal associate in the firms project finance and
equipment leasing practice. In 2005, she was a visiting
professor at Oklahoma City University School of Law
before joining the faculty of the University of Washington School of Law, Seattle, as an assistant professor in
2006. In April 2012, she was appointed associate professor of law and founding dean of Riara Law School.

George Kegoro

Executive Director, Kenya Section of the International Commission of Jurists


George Kegoro is the Executive Director of the Kenyan Section of the International Commission of Jurists. Kegoro is an
advocate of the High Court of Kenya
and served as Secretary to the Commission of Inquiry into the Post Election Violence in Kenya in 2008. In 2004, he served as Joint
Secretary to the Commission of Inquiry into the Gol-

denberg scandal. Previously, Kegoro was the secretary


of the Law Society of Kenya and also worked as a
State Counsel in the office of the Attorney General
and was responsible for legal research for purposes of
law reform.
He has contributed chapters in various publications on such subjects as counter-terrorism and human
rights, anti-money laundering and anti-corruption.

Mark Kersten

London School of Economics


Mark Kersten is a researcher, teacher, and consultant based at the London School of Economics and SOAS. His
research focuses on the effects of interventions by the International Criminal
Court (ICC) on peace, justice and conflict processes in northern Uganda and Libya. Dr. Kersten has also written extensively on the relationship
between the ICC and the Responsibility to Protect,
the role of social media in atrocity prevention, and
the relationship between the Security Council and the
ICC. In 2011, Dr Kersten founded the blog Justice

in Conflict, which regularly publishes articles on the


challenges of pursuing international criminal justice
in the context of ongoing violent political conflicts.
He has also taught courses on international political
theory, genocide, the politics of international law, diplomacy, and conflict and peace studies. In addition
to his academic research, Dr. Kersten has worked as
the Transitional Justice Researcher at Lawyers for Justice in Libya (LFJL), as a Research Associate at the
Refugee Law Project in Uganda, as a researcher at
Justice Africa in London, and is currently working with
the Wayamo Foundation.

ERIC KIBEt

Lecturer, Riara University Law School


Eric Kibet is a Lecturer at Riara Law
School. His areas of scholastic interest are
constitutional law, international law and
legal theory. He has previously taught
law at Kenyatta University School of Law
and Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT). He is currently a Doctor of
Laws (LLD) scholar at the University of Pretoria in South
Africa. He holds a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree from

Boston College Law School in the United States, and a


Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from University of Nairobi.
He also holds a postgraduate Diploma in Law from the
Kenya School of Law.
Kibet is an advocate of the High Court of Kenya, and
a Licentiate Member of the Institute for the Management of Information Systems, UK. At Riara Law School,
he teaches constitutional law, legal research and oral
advocacy skills.

Sam Kobia

Chair of the IOCD Committee


The Hon. Rev. Dr. Samuel Kobia is a
renowned world ecumenical leader and
the immediate former general secretary of the World Council of Churches
(WCC).
Since 2011, he is a Commissioner of
the Judicial Service Commission of Kenya which is tasked with the responsibility of transforming the Judiciary
of Kenya, ensuring the independence of the Judiciary
and recruiting and giving direction over the performance of judges and magistrates.

As the Ecumenical Special Envoy for South Sudan


and Sudan since 2010 Kobia provides high-level diplomacy and advocacy for the two Sudans on behalf of
the All Africa Conference of Churches (AACC) and the
WCC. He is currently deeply involved in coordinating
ecumenical peace initiatives for reconciliation, peace
and healing for South Sudan.
Since 2007, he is the Chancellor of St. Pauls University in Limuru, Kenya. Since 2012 he is the Chair of
the International and Organised Crimes Division (IOCD)
Committee.

Michaela Lissowsky

International Nuremberg Principles Academy, Nuremberg


Michaela Lissowsky is Deputy Founding
Director of the International Nuremberg
Principles Academy (Nuremberg Academy). Before this, she was in charge of
project management for establishing the
Nuremberg Academy as Director of the
Founding Office. She coordinated the
founding process between the German Foreign Office,
the Free State of Bavaria and the City of Nuremberg.
The Nuremberg Academy is a foundation dedicated to

the advancement of international criminal law.


Michaela Lissowsky is a political scientist with a focus
on international relations and international criminal law,
worked as managing editor at a publishing house, specialised on education and law, and at the German Federal Agency for Migration and Refugeess department
for international relations. She is chairperson of the Nuremberg Human Rights Centre (NGO) and member of
the selection committee of the German Human Rights
Film Festival.

Athaliah Molokomme

Attorney General, Republic of Botswana


Dr. Athaliah Molokomme studied in
Botswana, Swaziland, the United States and the Netherlands. She taught
law at the University of Botswana and
has researched and published extensively in the fields of family law, women and law, customary law and employment law. She is a regular and
very experienced speaker at national, regional and
international conferences, workshops and seminars
in her areas of expertise. D. rMolokomme has served on several boards, commissions and professional
organisations at national, regional and international levels. Among the awards she has received are the Wo-

mens Human Rights Award from Women, Law and Development International and the Presidential Order of
Meritorious Service for Exceptional Service to Botswana.
From 1998, she was founding head of the Gender
Unit at the Secretariat of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), until 2003 when she
was appointed judge of the High Court of Botswana.
In 2005, she was appointed to her current position of
Attorney General of the Republic of Botswana. In this
position, she performs the main task of being Principal
Legal Advisor to the Government of Botswana. By virtue of this position, she is an ex officio member of the
Botswana Cabinet.

Njonjo Mue

Human Rights Lawyer and Transitional Justice Expert


Njonjo Mue is a Kenyan human rights
lawyer and transitional justice expert. He
has previously worked as Head of Advocacy for the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights and Africa Deputy

Director of the International Centre for Transitional Justice (ICTJ). He is currently a Senior Advisor to Kenyans
for Peace with Truth and Justice (KPTJ) and serves as
Vice Chair of the Kenyan Section of the International
Commission of Jurists.

Ending im punit y Togeth e r

Betty Murungi

Independent Consultant on Human Rights and Transitional Justice


Betty Kaari Murungi is a lawyer with
over 27 years broad experience in the
practice of law at the national, regional
and international levels, educated at
the University of Nairobi and the Kenya
School of Law.
Murungi is a past visiting fellow at the Harvard Law
Schools Human Rights Program where she researched
transitional justice mechanisms.
She has extensive background in international human rights in the context of violent conflict with ex-

perience in international criminal justice and accountability mechanisms. She has been an integral
player in the jurisprudence of international criminal law
and international humanitarian law as pertains to
gender.
Murungi served for a brief period as Vice Chairperson and Commissioner to the Kenya Truth Justice and
Reconciliation Commission and for three years as the
Africa representative on the Board of Directors of the
Trust Fund for Victims at the International Criminal
Court.

Jean Bosco Mutangana

Head, International Crimes Unit, National Public Prosecution Authority, Rwanda


Jean Bosco Mutangana is the Head of
the International Crimes Unit of the National Public Prosecution Authority of the
Republic of Rwanda.
Mr. Mutangana holds a Bachelors
Degree in Law from the National University of Rwanda and a Post Graduate Diploma in Legal Practice from the Institute of Legal Practice and
Development in Rwanda. He also holds a Masters Degree in Law with specialiasation in Criminal Law and
Criminology from the University of Groningen in the
Netherlands.
Having worked in various prosecution offices in Rwan-

da since 1999, Mr. Mutangana became a National Prosecutor in 2004. He was the Spokesman of the Rwandan prosecution service between 2004 and 2008
and the head of the Genocide Fugitives Tracking Unit
(GFTU) from 2007 to 2011.
In this position, he coordinated international co-operation with a number of countries and cooperated with
several investigators from various countries on Mutual
Legal Assistance matters.
Being the current head of the International Crimes
Unit in the Rwandan Prosecution, he is a lead prosecuting attorney in the cases transferred to Rwanda from
the ICTR and those extradited from other states.

B IOG RAPHY
Joel Ngugi

Judge, High Court of Kenya & Director, Judiciary Training Institute


Joel Ngugi was appointed a Judge of
the High Court of Kenya in September
2011. In June 2012 he was appointed
by the Chief Justice to head the Judiciary Transformation Secretariat, which is
responsible for implementing the Judiciary Transformation Framework 20122016. In March
2013 the Chief Justice appointed him the Director of
the Judiciary Training Institute.
Prior to joining the Judiciary, Professor Ngugi was based at the University of Washington (Seattle, Washington) where he had taught law since 2004 and was
selected by the students as a Philip A. Trautman Professor of the Year for 200405 and as Small Section
Professor of the Year for 201011. He had previously

practiced law with the Boston law firm of Foley Hoag,


LLP, as a corporate and international litigation associate, and with the Kenyan firm Kariuki Muigua & Company Advocates.
Professor Ngugi has worked with the United Nations
Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) and conducted research
work for the Global Coalition for Africa/World Bank,
Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research
(HPCR) at Harvard University. He holds an Bachelor of
Laws Degree from the University of Nairobi and obtained Master of Laws and Doctor of Juridical Sciences
degree from Harvard Law School.
At Harvard Law School, he was one of two recipients
of the John Gallup Laylin Prize in International Law in
2002.

Lydia Mugambe

Judge at the High Court of Uganda


Lydia Mugambe-Ssali is a distinguished lawyer from Uganda. In 2013, she
was appointed a Judge of the High
Court in Uganda, a position she holds
to date. From 2005 to 2013, Mugambe-Ssali worked at the ICTR, first as a
Legal Officer in Chambers and later as an Appeals
Counsel under the Appeals Division in the Office of the
Prosecutor. At the ICTR, she handled the biggest case

not only in the history of the tribunal but genocide trials


in the world.
Mugambe-Ssali also contributed to the writing of the
Genocide Story project by the Office of the Prosecutor while at the ICTR. In 2005-2006, Mugambe-Ssali
worked as a legal researcher at the International Bar
Associations Human Rights Institute and also volunteered at the International Centre for the Legal Protection
of Human Rights in London.

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Jemima Njeri

Senior Researcher, Transnational Threats and International Crime Division,


Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria
Jemima Njeri Kariri is a Senior Researcher in the International Crime in Africa
Programme, Transnational Threats and
International Crime Division. She mainly works on international criminal justice
project and leads on the African Network on International Criminal Justice. Her focus area is international criminal justice and transnational crimes in Africa.
She also supports work on counter-terrorism and
works closely with African Governments and civil society
organisations as well as with the Association of African
Prosecutors, the East African Association of Prosecutors

and the East African Magistrates and Judges Association to advance the rule of law and response to these
complex crimes. She previously worked for the UN Office on Drugs and Crime Regional Office for Southern
Africa as Programme Associate, Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice and also served as Civil Society Liaison
Officer for the Southern African Human Security Programme at the ISS. Jemima holds a Masters in Business
Administration (MBA) as well as a Masters of Political
Science (with a major in International Relations). She is
a qualified training facilitator, has chaired many events
and has written on international criminal justice in Africa.

B IOG RAPHY
Wambui Njogu

Lecturer, Kenyatta University School of Law


Wambui is an advocate of the High
Court of Kenya of 30 years standing
and has worked in the legal field in various capacities. She is currently a lecturer and the Deputy Director Students
Affairs in charge of the students welfare
at Kenyatta University School of Law. Here, she mentors
young people, also outside of class through the Kenyatta University Staff to Student Mentorship program as a
volunteer.
She holds a Master of Laws degree in Public International Law and a Bachelor of Laws degree from the
University of Nairobi. Her areas of interest are criminal

law in general, international criminal law in particular,


public interest and human rights matters. She is on the
list of Counsel of the ICC authorised to represent victims
in trials before the ICC and was recently gazetted as a
Special Prosecutor to assist the Office of the Director of
Public Prosecutions with the prosecution of sexual and
gender-based violence cases in Kenya.
She is a member of the Public Interest Litigation and
Human Rights Committee of the Law Society of Kenya,
the East African Law Society, a volunteer educator and
facilitator at the Center for Justice for Victims of Crimes
against Humanity and a member of the Federation of
Women Lawyers Kenya.

Lilian Obuo

Head of the International Crimes Division, Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions, Kenya
Lillian Obuo is a Assistant director of
Public Prosecutions in the Ofce of the
Director of Public Prosecutions in Kenya.
She has been a prosecutor for 14

years with a wealth of experience in prosecution of


complex cases. Currently, she heads the International
Crimes Division and also serves as a deputy in the Extradition, MLA and International Cooperation Division.

AMOS OMUGA

Superintendent of Police, Criminal Investigation Department, Kenya


Amos Omuga is a holder of Bachelor
of Laws degree from Moi University Eldoret and is an advocate of the High Court
of Kenya.

He is currently serving as a legal officer attached to the Directorate of Criminal Investigations


where he also undertakes investigations in selected
cases.

Alice Ondieki

Director, Witness Protection Agency, Kenya


Alice Ondieki is an Advocate of the High Court of Kenya with 24 years post qualification experience in legal
practice. She holds Bachelor and Master of Laws (Law,
Governance and Democracy) degrees from the University of Nairobi as well as a Masters in Womens Law from
the University of Zimbabwe. She also is a specialist on
gender and womens rights and women in administration of justice. Currently, she is the Director and Chief Exe-

cutive of the Witness Protection Agency (WPA) Kenya


and Secretary to the Witness Protection Advisory Board.
As a director of the agency, she has been instrumental in the establishment and operationalisation of the
Witness Protection Agency and the Witness Protection
Programme. Also in her role as the Director of the Agency, she is in charge of the day-to-day administration of
the agency and the witness protection programme.

Ending im punit y Togeth e r

Robert Petit

Counsel and Team Leader, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity
Section of the Canadian Department of Justice
Robert Petit was called to the Bar in
1988 and started his legal career as a
Crown Prosecutor in Montreal for eight
years eventually focusing on organised
criminality and complex cases.
In 1996 he embarked on an international career first
as a Legal Officer in the Office of the Prosecutor of the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
Subsequently between 1999 and 2004, he was a
Regional Legal Advisor for the United Nations Interim
Administration Mission in Kosovo, a Prosecutor for the

Serious Crimes Unit of the United Nations Missions of


Support to East Timor, and a Senior Trial Attorney with
the Office of the Prosecutor of the Special Court for
Sierra Leone.
In 2006, he was named by the United Nations as
International Co Prosecutor of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, a position he held until
September 2009 when he returned to Canada and
to his long-term position as Counsel and Team Leader
with the War Crimes Section of Canadas Federal Department of Justice.

Cristina Ribeiro

Investigation Coordinator, Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court

Cristina Ribeiro started work as a Public


Prosecutor in 1997. In that capacity, in the
Lisbon Department of Criminal Investigations and Prosecutions, she specialised in
Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure, in
particular the investigation and prosecution of financial
and economic crimes, organised crime and cyber-criminality. In 2009-2010 she taught Criminal Law and
Criminal Procedure at the Portuguese school for Magis-

trates, providing training for future national magistrates.


She worked in the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC
from 2004 to 2007 as Investigator and Team Leader
in the Uganda case. In September 2012, she returned
to the OTP as Investigations Coordinator. One of her roles is to ensure that all ICC investigations follow certain
quality standards and are harmonised across cases,
as well as developing new investigative and analytical
strategies and tools for the Office.

Joseph Roberts-Mensah
Africa Director, Wayamo Foundation

Joseph Roberts-Mensah is the Africa


Director of the Wayamo Foundation since 2011, where he is engaged in media
training on conflict sensitive journalism,
hate speech, elections reporting, transitional justice and the ICC. He is also the
Director Radio Operations for three radio stations in
Accra, Ghana, and Liberia.
From 2001 to 2011 Roberts-Mensah worked on UN
peacekeeping missions; first at the UN mission in Sierra
Leone and then for eight years as Director of UNMIL
Radio at the UN mission in Liberia. In Sierra Leone he
was a Public Information Officer, Acting Spokesperson
and Executive Producer at the Voice of Children ra-

dio project (UN Office for Children and Armed Conflict) and an Elections Information Officer. In Liberia, he
was the Deputy Chief of Public Information.
Prior to working with the UN, he was an Executive
Producer/Station Manager for a private independent
FM Radio Station in Accra, and he has done journalistic work for the BBC and Independent TV in the UK.
Roberts-Mensah concluded his university studies in
London and the United States. He holds a Masters degree in Diplomacy and International Relations. He has
worked as a course facilitator/trainer on media in peace support operations at the Kofi Annan International
Peace Keeping Training Centre and at the Pearson
Peacekeeping Training Centre in Canada.

Simo Vtinen

former Chief of the Victim and Witness Protection Unit with the International Criminal Court
Mr. Vaatainen worked as the Chief Victims and Witnesses Unit at the ICC and held the same position at the
Special Tribunal for Lebanon.
Prior to these assignments he worked as Liaison Officer at the Victims and Witnesses Section of the ICTY.
Since 2011, Mr. Vaatainen has worked on international consultancies relating to the establishment and
promotion of victims and witnesses protection in criminal
justice processes. He has also been involved in or drafting of
international standards on witness protection such as a
Council of Europe recommendation and a Commonwealth Best Practice Guide for the Protection of Victim/

Witness.
He has also drafted a tool on witness protection for
the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
and a chapter on Protecting Witnesses of International
Crimes for an upcoming book on International Criminal
Investigations: Best Practices and Lessons Learned.
In addition, Mr. Vaatainen has five years of experience
in international peacekeeping and peace enforcement
in conflict and post-conflict areas in the former Yugoslavia. He holds a MA in Philosophy and was accepted
in the doctoral program of Tampere Peace Research
Institute (TAPRI) in Tampere, Finland in 2012.

Ending im punit y Togeth e r

Waikwa Wanyoike

Executive Director, Katiba Institute, Nairobi


Waikwa Wanyoike is the Executive Director of Katiba Institute, an organisation
based in Nairobi Kenya, which works to
promote constitutionalism and the rule
of law in Kenya. He practices constitutional law as a public interest litigator and
appears regularly at the High Court, Court of Appeal
and the Supreme Court of Kenya on groundbreaking
constitutional matters. Waikwa has advised government and non-governmental agencies on constitutio-

nal implementation and policy reforms.


Previously, Waikwa practiced law in Toronto, Canada with an emphasis on criminal, immigration and refugee law, human rights and constitutional law. He studied at Queens and York Universities in Canada and
Kenyatta University in Kenya. He has previously taught
law at Osgoode Hall Law School of York University. He
is an advocate of the High Court of Kenya and admitted and licensed as Barrister and Solicitor by the Law
Society of Upper Canada.

B IOG RAPHY

Alex Whiting

Professor, Harvard Law School


Alex Whiting is a Professor of Practice
at Harvard Law School where he teaches,
writes and consults on domestic and international criminal prosecution issues.
From 2010 until 2013, Mr. Whiting was
in the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, serving as
the Investigations Coordinator and then as Prosecutions
Coordinator. Before that, Whiting taught as an Assistant
Clinical Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, again
with a focus on prosecution subjects. From 20022007,
he was a Trial Attorney and then a Senior Trial Attorney
with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former
Yugoslavia (ICTY). He was Lead Prosecution Counsel in:
Prosecutor v. Fatmir Limaj, Isak Musliu, and Haradin Bala;

Prosecutor v. Milan Martic; and Prosecutor v. Dragomir


Milosevic.
Before going to the ICTY, he was a U.S. Federal Prosecutor for ten years, first with the Criminal Section of the
Civil Rights Division in Washington, D.C., then with the U.S.
Attorneys Office in Boston.
Mr. Whiting attended Yale College and Yale Law
School, and clerked for Judge Eugene H. Nickerson of
the Eastern District of New York. His publications include International Criminal Law: Cases and Commentary
(2011) co-authored with Antonio Cassese and two
other authors, and In International Criminal Prosecutions, Justice Delayed Can Be Justice Delivered as well
as The First Global Prosecutor: Promise and Constraints
(2015).

Contact
Bettina Ambach
Director, Wayamo Foundation
Prinzregentenstr.82, 10717 Berlin, Germany
Tel. +49 30 81032821
bettina@bettinaambach.de
www.wayamo.com
Sylvia W. Kangara
Advocate of the High Court of Kenya
Dean and Associate Professor of Law Riara Law School
Office: 0703.038.441
Cell: 0707.683.671
skangara@riarauniversity.ac.ke

With the financial support of the German Federal Foreign Office