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Police & Traffic Control

Incharg Of Traffic Branch: PI. Shri- Shirtikar


Some Important Offenses
Not carrying a valid license while driving/ driving without a
license
Allowing a vehicle to be driven by someone who does not have a
license
Driving without insurance/permit/fitness
Speeding/reckless driving
Driving under the influence of alcohol
Lane-cutting/dangerous lane-cutting
Moving against a One-way
Stopping at a pedestrian crossing/crossing a stop line
Improper use of headlights
Using a private vehicle for commercial purposes

Overloading a goods vehicle


Carrying goods in a dangerous manner
Taxi Drivers refusing to ply/ charging extra/not wearing uniform
Speed Limits
TYPE OF VEHICLE

Km/h

Car

No Limit

Motorcycle

50

Taxi / Auto

65

Tempo / Bus

65

Ordinary Truck

65

Articulated Vehicles

50

License Information
DRIVING LICENSE:
An appropriate driving License is a legal requirement for operating
any motor vehicle. A driver's license which is issued by the
competent authority of any State/Union territory is valid
throughout the Indian Union.

CATEGORY

AGE NOT LESS THAN

REMARKS

a) Motor cycles of special


category

16 years

a) A motorcycle of engine
capacity not more than
50cc falls in this category.
The application must be
signed by a parent or
guardian.

b) Private cars and


motorcycles

18 years

b) All light motor vehicles


not used for carrying
passengers/goods for hire
are covered in this
category.

c) Transport vehicles

20 years

c) All buses, lorries, auto


rickshaws, etc. fall in this
category.

LEARNER'S LICENSE
Any person who wishes to drive a motor vehicle has to first obtain
a learner's license for the purpose of learning. The person must
then be tested before a permanent license is granted. A person
should not be less than 20 years of age if he wants to learn to
drive a transport vehicle.

REQUIREMENTS
Proof of age

Documents accepted for proof of


age are Birth/School Leaving
Certificate, Passport, etc.

Proof of residence

This can be supported by


documents like the passport,
ration card, electoral roll ,
electricity or telephone bill, etc.

Medical Certificate

It is required only in case of


transport vehicles and can be
obtained from any registered
medical practitioner in the
prescribed form.

Photograph

3 copies of passport size.

Fee

A fee of Rs. 15 should be paid.

A learner's license is valid only for a period of six months. If the


driving test for a permanent license is not passed during this
period, a fresh learner's license needs to be obtained .
RESTRICTIONS
A person who holds a learner's license is permitted to drive only if
he is accompanied by a duly licensed driver who is sitting in a
position from where he can control the vehicle and bring it to a
stop if required. The vehicle must display 'L' painted signs, both in
the front and the rear end of the vehicle.

A person holding a learner's license for a motorcycle is not


permitted to carry any pillion-rider except the person who is
required to be present for imparting instructions and ensuring
safety (as mentioned above).
PERMANENT LICENSE
A Permanent license of the appropriate class will be granted after
the successful completion of a driving test conducted by the RTO.
The test for the issue of the Permanent license is conducted after
a minimum of 30 days from the date of issue of the learner's
license. In case of failure, a retest can be requested but not
before a period of 7 days.
VALIDITY
Transport vehicles:

3 years

All other vehicles:

5 years, or up to the age of 50


years, whichever is more .

After the age of 50, the license will be renewed for a period of 5
years at a time.
REQUIREMENTS
Photograph: 3 copies passport size
Fee:

Rs. 15 for driving test Rs. 20 for license

RENEWAL
The application for renewal must be accompanied by :
The driving license
Medical Certificate in case of transport vehicle
3 copies of photograph
Renewal fee of Rs. 15
a) An Expired license is valid for 30 days and can be renewed
during this grace period without a penalty.
b) A license expired by more than 30 days can be renewed on
payment of a penalty, provided the application is made within
a period of five years from the date of expiry. The penalty is
charged at Rs. 10/- per year or a part thereof.
c) The License can be renewed through any RTO in the country,
irrespective of the place of its issue. If a driver changes his
residence, the new address should be incorporated in the
license.
DUPLICATE
If the original is defaced or lost, a duplicate license can be issued
on the production of :

The License number

3 copies of photograph

Fee of Rs. 20 (for laminated license the fee will be higher as

prescribed by the RTO).

a) The application for duplicate license must be made to the same


RTO that has issued the original license.
b) In case the license number is not available, the application has
to be made to any other RTO, the procedure is same as
applicable for the fresh license (learner license, driving test, etc.)

INTERNATIONAL LICENSE
International Driving Permit can be issued by the RTO or other
motoring associations like WIAA which are authorized by the
government. Such a license is valid for one year.
REQUIREMENTS

Current Indian Driving License valid for at least another year.


CURRENT PASSPORT
3 copies of a recent photograph

Fee of Rs. 10

Traffic Rule
1. Signal
Traffic Police
Signals

Traffic Signs:
Mandatory

To stop vehicles
coming from behind

Traffic Signs:
Cautionary

To stop vehicles
coming from front

To stop vehicles
To stop vehicles
approaching from
approaching from
right to allow vehicles
left and wanting to
from the left to turn
turn right
right

Traffic Signs:
Informatory

To stop vehicles
approaching
simultaneously from
front and behind

To stop vehicles
coming from the
right and turning
right by stopping
traffic approaching
from the left

Warning signal
closing all vehicle

Beckoning vehicles
approaching
from left

Beckoning vehicles
approaching
from right

Beckoning vehicles from front

2. License Offences
Offence

Legal Provision

Penalty (Rs)

Permitting to drive without valid


license

5 r/w 180 MVA

300

Driving without valid M.D.L

3 r/w 181 MVA

300

Driving under age of 18 yrs

4 (1) r/w 181 MVA

300

Driving transport vehicle under


age of 20 yrs

4 (2) r/w 177 MVA

300

Driver failed to produce M.D.L


or registration or fitness paper

130 r/w 177 MVA

100

RRR = Rules of Road Regulations 1989


MVA = Motor Vehicles Act 1988
MMVR = Maharashtra Motor Vehicles Rules 1989

3. Driving Offences
Nature of Offence

Legal Provision

Penalty (Rs)

119 r/w 177 MVA

100

2 RRR r/w 177


MVA

100

6 (a) RRR r/w 177


MVA

100

Failing to give way/permit


overtaking

7 RRR 177 MVA

100

Failing to slowdown at
intersection

8 RRR 177 MVA

100

Failing to take precaution while


taking a turn

3 RRR 177 MVA

100

Failing to give signal

121 RRR 177 MVA

100

Reversing negligently

MMVR 233 177


MVA

100

Disobeying traffic signal

239 MMVR
22(b) RRR
177 MVA

100

Disobeying manual traffic signal

239 MMVR
22(a) RRR
177 MVA

100

Driving against Police signal


Driving in the centre/failed to
keep left
Overtaking dangerously

Driving against one-way

17 (i) RRR 177


MVA

100

Failing to keep left of traffic


island

2 RRR 177 MVA

100

Exceeding speed limit

112-183 MVA

200

Taking U turn during


prohibited hours

12 RRR 177 MVA

100

119 MVA
22(a) RRR
177 MVA

100

Disobeying reasonable
directions of police officer in
uniform

RRR = Rules of Road Regulations 1989


MVA = Motor Vehicles Act 1988
MMVR = Maharashtra Motor Vehicles Rules 1989

Driving Restrictions
Nature of Offence

Legal Provision

Penalty (Rs)

Leaving vehicle in
dangerous position

122 177 MVA

100

Carrying persons on
footboard

123-177 MVA

100

Carrying persons causing


obstruction to the driver

125-177 MVA

100

Leaving vehicle with


idling engine

126-177 MVA

100

22(b) RRR
239 MMVR
177 MVA

100

Disobeying traffic sign


board

Driving without
illuminating rear number
plate

CMVR 105 (2) (ii)


177 MVA

100

RRR = Rules of Road Regulations 1989


MVA = Motor Vehicles Act 1988
MMVR = Maharashtra Motor Vehicles Rules 1989
CMVR = Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989

SEC. 183. DRIVING AT EXCESSIVE SPEED.


Whoever drives a motor vehicle in contravention of the speed
limits referred to in section 112 shall be punishable with a fine
which may extend to Rs. 400/-, or, if having been previously
convicted of an offence under this sub-section is again convicted
of an offence under this sub-section, with fine which may extend
to Rs. 1000/SEC. 185. DRUNKEN DRIVING OR DRIVING UNDER THE
INFLUENCE OF DRUGS.
W hoever, while driving, or attempting to drive, a Motor Vehicle, (a) Has in his blood, alcohol exceeding 30 mg. /per.100 ml. of
blood detected in a test by a breath analyzer, or
(b) Is under the influence of a drug to such an extent as to be
incapable of exercising proper control over the vehicle,
Shall be punishable for the first offence with imprisonment for a
term which may extend to six months or with fine which may
extend to Rs. 2000/-, or with both; and for a second or
subsequent offence if committed within 3 years of the commission
if the previous similar offence, with imprisonment for a term which
may extend to 2 years or with fine which may extend to Rs.
3000/-, or with both.

4. Pollution Offences
Nature of Offence

Legal Provision

Penalty (Rs)

Fixing multi-toned/shrill
horn

119 CMVR
190(2) MVA

500

Silencer/muffler making
noise

CMVR 120
190(2) MVA

500

Smoky exhaust

115 CMVR
190(2) MVA

500

21(ii) RRR
177 MVA

100

Using horn in silence zone

RRR = Rules of Road Regulations 1989


MVA = Motor Vehicles Act 1988
CMVR = Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989

5. Motor Vehicle Offences

Nature of Offence

Legal Provision

Penalty (Rs)

When motor vehicle is out


of state for more than 12
months

47-177 MVA

100

Particulars to be printed on
transport vehicles

84(G)-177 MVA

100

Without wiper

CMVR 101
177 MVA

100

Defective tyres

CMVR 94
177 MVA

100

No indication board on left


hand drive vehicle

120, 177 MVA

100

Sale of motor
vehicle/alteration of motor
vehicle in contravention of
Act

191 MVA

300

Vehicles fitted with dark


glasses/sun films

100 CMVR
177 MVA

100

Improper number plate

236 MMVR
177 MVA

100

Failing to display public


carrier board

116 MMVR
177 MVA

100

MVA = Motor Vehicles Act 1988


CMVR = Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989
MMVR = Maharashtra Motor Vehicles Rules 1989

6. Parking Offences
Legal
Provision

Penalty (Rs)

Parking in flow of traffic

22(a) RRR
177 MVA

100

Parking away from


footpath

15(2) RRR
177 MVA

100

Parking against flow of


traffic

15(2) RRR
177 MVA

100

Obstruction by parking

15(2) RRR
177 MVA

100

Parking on taxi stand

15(2) RRR
177 MVA

100

Parking in not prescribed


manner

15(1) RRR
177 MVA

100

Parking at corner

15(i) RRR
177 MVA

100

Parking within 15 meters


on either side of bus stop

15(2) RRR
177 MVA

100

15(2) (i) RRR


177 MVA

100

Parked at traffic island

15(i) RRR
177 MVA

100

Parked in No Parking area

15(2) RRR
177 MVA

100

15(2)(iii) RRR

100

Nature of Offence

Parking on bridge

Parked on pedestrian

crossing

177 MVA
15(2)(ii) RRR
177 MVA

100

Parked in front of gate

15(2)(viii)
RRR
177 MVA

100

Causing obstruction to
traffic by parking

15(1) RRR
177 MVA

100

Parked on footpath

RRR = Rules of Road Regulations 1989


MVA = Motor Vehicles Act 1988

CHARGES OF TOWING OF VEHICLES


Sr. No

Vehicle

Charges

Two Wheeler

100

Car , Jeep, Taxi, Auto Rickshaw

200

Truck, Tanker, Trailer

600

In Case Of Accident
Please stop and help the injured. Under Section 134 of the Motor
Vehicles Act, it is the responsibility of the driver of the vehicle
involved in the accident to convey the injured to the nearest
hospital/medical practitioner. In such a case, the doctor shall be
duty bound to provide medical aid without waiting for any
procedural formalities

If the accident involves a vehicle carrying dangerous goods (oil


tankers, chemical carriers etc.), keep everyone away. Do not
allow anyone to smoke in the vicinity.
Offer medical assistance. If the person refuses medical
assistance, try to obtain in writing from the person that he does
not desire any medical help.
Note down names and addresses of witnesses and registration
numbers of vehicles passing by, these could prove useful during
investigation.
If a policeman arrives in the scene, note down his name and
number.
Do not move the vehicle unless you are ordered by a police
officer to do so / to remove a trapped person / to prevent
obstruction to fire services.
The victim and his relatives have the RIGHT to obtain the copy of
the First Information Report, Panchnama, Medical Report and
other relevant documents for claiming compensation. The victim
can move the Motor Accident Claim Tribunal as prescribed by the
law.

Pollution
Besides noise pollution, which has become a major problem on
Indian roads, there is an eternal problem of emission which not
only creates unsavory conditions for the drivers on road, but also
detrimental to the atmosphere.
Vehicles should be kept in a good condition and drivers should be
careful to ensure that their vehicles do not emit smoke, visible
vapors, sparks, ashes or oily substances.

From the time a car completes one year, a PUC (Pollution Under
Control) check has to be undertaken every six months by all car
owners. This can be done at several agencies authorized by the
State Government. It is obligatory to carry the PUC certificate (in
original) while driving. The punishment for a pollution related
offence is a fine of Rs.1000.
Smoke emitted by vehicles is the main cause of pollution - it
causes several diseases such as bronchitis, asthma etc.
CAUSES OF POLLUTION
Petrol Engines

Diesel Engines

Faulty Carburetor

Incorrect Injection and Pump


Timing

Choked Air filter

Defective Nozzle

Defective Choke

Choked
System

Poor Engine Compression

Poor Engine Compression

Adulterated Petrol

Adulterated Diesel

Air

Filter

Exhaust

Alcohol & Driving


Driving under the influence of alcohol is considered as a serious
offence in India. In the event of an accident in such a condition,
the law deals with offenders with great severity. The punishment
is fine and/or imprisonment up to 6 months, and the driving
license is suspended for at least six months.

Drunken driving is one of the main reasons for vehicle accidents


and is among the biggest life-takers on Indian roads.
Alcohol goes from the stomach straight to the blood stream. The
body takes about an hour to rid itself of one drink - this means
that if one drinks at a rate faster than that, the alcohol content in
the body will soon exceed tolerable limits.
As the quantity of alcohol in the bloodstream rises, the brain is
affected, and one's sense of judgment is skewed. At higher levels
of intoxication, there are muscle control problems, blurred vision,
and finally, a complete loss of physical co-ordination facilities.
Given these facts, driving, even with low alcohol levels can be
very dangerous.
The Misconception

The Truth

Alcohol increases your ability to Alcohol makes you less alert and
drive
will reduce your ability to drive
safely
Some people drink a lot and Everyone who drinks is affected
don't get affected by it
by it
If you eat a lot first, you will not Food will slow down the effects
get drunk
of alcohol but will not prevent
them
Coffee and a bit of fresh air will Only time helps a drinker sober
help a drinker sober up
up, other methods just do not
work
Stick to beer - it is not as strong A few beers have a the same
as whisky
effect as a few pegs or a few
glasses of wine

Insurance & claims


Insurance
No car can be driven without insurance.
There are mainly two kinds of insurance covers: Motor Policy A
(Act Only Policy or Third Party Insurance) and Motor Policy B
(Comprehensive Policy)
Motor Policy A: Liability is unlimited in case of an injury or death,
with added premium. Fire and Theft can also be covered. A
specific claim for this must be made in the Motor Accident Claim
Tribunal by the injured or legal heir of the deceased against the
owner of the vehicle and his insurance company.
Motor Policy B: This is a comprehensive policy wherein the
Insurance company compensates the injured against
loss/damage to the vehicle as a result of accident, fire, theft,
earthquake, riots, strike, floods, terrorism, loss during transit by
road, rail elevators etc. Extra fittings such as music systems, airconditioners etc. can also be covered.
A policy is valid from the moment a premium is required - from
midnight till exactly a year later.
It is advisable to get a policy renewed well in advance, as there is
no grace period whatsoever and the fine for driving without an
insurance is severe.
The policy is deemed to be renewed from the day that the cheque
for the premium is posted by the bank. It is therefore advisable
to get a receipt for the same from the bank.

A person purchasing a new vehicle should inform the insurance


company within 14 days to have papers transferred to his name.
When a vehicle is sold, the previous owner should inform the
insurance company of its sale too.
A vehicle owner is eligible for no-claim bonus if adjusted against
the premium of his new vehicle, even if the past vehicle is sold,
the new vehicle is assumed to be purchased within a period of
three years.
Claims
The owner/driver should approach the nearest office of the
insurance company for a spot survey, so that there is no dispute
later regarding the cause of the accident, the level of damages
etc.
A report must be filed with the local police station and insurance
company within 24 hrs.
If there is no office of the insurance company nearby, any other
subsidiary of the GIC can be contacted, namely New India
Assurance, Oriental Insurance, United India Insurance, National
Insurance. In case none of these offices can be contacted, a
licensed surveyor can be contacted. However, in any case, the
insurance company should be informed-this can be done even on
public holidays.
After the spot survey, the papers for the claim should be filed,
and the vehicle should be assigned to a garage. Claims will be
entertained after the insurance company deputes its surveyor for
the final assessment on the basis of repair charges, cost of parts
etc.
Rubber and plastic parts, tyres, batteries are calculated at 50%

depreciated value and glass is calculated at 100%. All other parts


and extra fittings are calculated at 5% depreciation per year up
to a maximum of 50%.
Loss due to mechanical/electrical failure, and routine wear and
tear is not included in the policy.
If the driver is under the influence of alcohol during the time of
the accident, no claims are entertained.
No claim discount in premium is calculated on 'own damage'
component of the policy. Under comprehensive policies, this
discount is permitted if no claim is made during the year. It
increases each year with a slab starting from 15% for the first
year and reaching maximum upto 50% by the fifth year.
No claim discount in premium is calculated on 'own damage'
component of the policy. Under comprehensive policies, this
discount is permitted if no claim is made during the year. It
increases each year with a slab starting from 15% for the first
year and reaching maximum up to 50% by the fifth year.
This rebate is adjusted against the renewal premium. In case a
policy expires but renewed within 90 days of expiry, then no
claims bonus already accumulated does not lapse.
If the claim is made during the first year, then extra premium of
15% will be charged at the time of renewal. It will go on
increasing as per the prescribed slab (maximum up to 40%) for
claims preferred every year.
No lights other than those permitted in the Motor Vehicles Rules
can be fitted on the vehicle. This includes spotlights, searchlights,
mercury lamps, moving lights and fancy lights. Dome lights are
also not permitted unless specifically authorized.
No red light can be fitted anywhere such that it is visible from the

front.
Only red lights and white reverse lights are allowed as visible
from behind. During the night, the license plate of a car must be
illuminated by a light. All vehicles should have Hazard lights or
Parking lights.
All vehicles should have rear-view mirrors. They must be fitted
externally in transport vehicles.
The use of cellular phones is prohibited while driving.
No TV/Video display is allowed in a vehicle where it may be a
disturbance to the driver.
No multiton horns can be fitted onto a vehicle. Also, Horns
producing musical notes, unduly harsh, shrill or alarming noises
are also prohibited.
The glasses of the front and rear windscreen should have visual
transmission of light and not less than 70% and in case of side
windows, it should not be less than 50%. The thumb rule
suggests clear vision from inside to outside, and outside to
inside.

Stopped by Traffic Police


STOPPED BY TRAFFIC COP?
NOTE THAT:
A traffic policeman in uniform has the right to demand your
driver's license and inspect your vehicle's documents. He may
impound your license if he feels to judge it necessary.
If a traffic policeman gives you instructions on the road, it is your
duty to obey them, regardless of what the electronic traffic
signals say. When a traffic policeman is stationed at a
signal/crossing, he is the final authority.
If you cannot find your vehicle, it is likely that it has been towed
rather than stolen. Ask around; local shopkeepers are normally
informed about local traffic stations where confiscated vehicles
are kept.
WHAT TO DO & WHAT NOT TO DO:
Stop your vehicle when a traffic policeman indicates.
You may ask him what is the reason for him to stop you.
Do not argue with the policeman. If you feel there is a genuine
argument for you breaking a rule, explain it to him.
If you have committed a mistake, admit it candidly, seek his
pardon. He may let you off with a warning if approached with
courtesy.

Do not drop names of policemen and influential people.


If the policeman is insistent, show him the required documents,
and allow him to take whatever action falls within the purview of
his duties.
WHAT ACTION A POLICEMAN MAY TAKE:
He may note down the particulars of your license which will be
later forwarded to a court. The court will then issue instructions
regarding the course of action to be taken; a certain amount may
have to be paid as a fine. If you plead guilty and send the
requisite amount, the case will be filed; else summons will be
sent to you and the case will be judged on merit.
He may impend your Driver's License and issue a temporary
license (which lasts only for a stipulated period). You may
compound the offence by paying a fine at the police station under
whose jurisdiction the license was confiscated. Else you will be
provided a notice from the court. If you fail to appear in the
court, an arrest warrant may be issued.
If the policeman is an officer of rank sub-inspector or above, you
may compound the office on the spot by paying a fine. The
relevant receipts will be provided to you.

IF HARASSED BY A TRAFFIC POLICEMAN:


If a traffic policeman harasses you for illegal gratification, never
yield to his demands.
Allow him to impound your license; do not attempt to bribe him
even if coerced.
Note down his buckle number/name which will be written on the
plate of his shirt. If he does not have one, you may demand his
identity card. If he fails to provide an identity card, refuse to give
him your documents.
All receipts, temporary licenses will have the name/buckle
number of the officer.
You can approach the traffic police with a specific complaint
indicating all the particulars about the incident; this MUST include
details about the concerned police officer. It is desirable to send
this complaint by registered post.