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Security Level:

eNodeB Configuration/SW Commissioning


&
Alarm monitoring guide
www.huawei.com

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Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
Describe the hardware structure of eNodeB.
Understanding to the eNodeB configuration /software commissioning.
Understand the details of operation and maintenance for LTE eNodeB

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LTE Network Topology


CONTENTS

Hardware Description/ Cable Connection


Configuration of eNodeB

Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software , Data Configuration


File and License on the LMT
Transmission check Using Ping tool
Health check of eNodeB
Alarm Check and Fault management of eNodeB

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LTE Network Topology


CONTENTS

Hardware Description/ Cable Connection


Configuration of eNodeB
Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software , Data Configuration
File and License on the LMT
Transmission check Using Ping tool
Health check of eNodeB

Alarm Check and Fault management of eNodeB

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Hardware Description
This chapter describes functional modules in the DBS3900.
BBU3900
This section presents the exterior of the BBU3900 and describes the boards in the BBU3900 and their
panels, functions, indicators and ports.
RRU
The Radio Remote Unit (RRU) converts and forwards signals between the BBU and the antenna
system.

BBU 3900
The Electronic Serial Number (ESN) is a unique identifier of a Network Element (NE). It is used during base station commissioning.

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BBU3900 Functions
The BBU3900 is a baseband processing unit. It processes the baseband signals of the base station.
The BBU3900 performs the following functions:
Provides ports for communication between the base station and the EPC.
Provides CPRI ports for communication between the BBU and the RRUs.
Provides USB(1) ports. A USB flash drive that stores required software and configuration data can be
inserted into the USB port to perform the automatic base station upgrade.
Provides an OM channel between the base station and the LMT or the M2000 to operate and maintain the
base station.
Processes uplink and downlink data.
Manages the entire dual-mode system in terms of OM and signaling processing.
Provides the system clock.

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BBU3900 Boards
UMPT :The universal main processing and transmission unit (UMPT) processes signals and manages
resources on other boards in the BBU3900.
Functions
The UMPT performs the following functions:
Performs configuration management, device management, performance monitoring, signaling message
processing, and active/standby switchover
Controls all boards in the system
Provides a reference clock for the system
Transmits signals and provides absolute time information and 1PPS reference clock source through its
integrated satellite card.
Provides four E1 ports and two FE/GE ports to implement basic transmission in compliance with
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), Internet Protocol (IP), and Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) during the
initial configuration

UMPT
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Indicators
Silkscreen

Color

RUN

Green

ALM

Red

ACT

Green

LINK of the optical port

Green

ACT of the optical port

Orange

LINK of the electrical port

Green

ACT of the electrical port

Orange

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Status

Description

Steady on
Steady off
On for 1s and off for 1s
On for 0.125s and off for 0.125s

There is power supply, but the board is faulty.


There is no power supply, or the board is faulty.
The board is running properly.
The board is being loaded or configured.
The board is not started.
Steady on
An alarm is generated, and the board must be replaced.
Steady off
There is no fault.
On for 1s and off for 1s
An alarm is generated and you need to locate the fault
before deciding whether to replace the board.
Steady on
The board serves as an active board.
Steady off
The board does not serve as an active board.
The board has not been activated.
The board is not providing any services.
On for 0.125s and off for 0.125s
The OML is disconnected.
On for 1s and off for 1s
The board is being tested, such as an RRU Voltage Standing
(1)
Wave Ratio (VSWR) test through a USB flash drive.
.
In every 4s, the indicator is on for 0.125s and off for 0.125s Services are not available.
(eight times) in the first 2s and then off for 2s.
Steady on
Steady off
Blinking
Steady off
Steady on
Steady off
Blinking
Steady off

The connection is normal.


The connection is abnormal.
Data is being transmitted.
No data is being transmitted.
The connection is normal.
The connection is abnormal.
Data is being transmitted.
No data is being transmitted.
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Ports
Silkscreen

Connector

Description

FE/GE1

SFP connector

A 100 Mbit/s or 1000 Mbit/s adaptive Ethernet optical port is


used for transmitting service data and signaling messages.

RJ45 connector

A 10 Mbit/s, 100 Mbit/s, or 1000 Mbit/s adaptive Ethernet


electrical port is used for transmitting service data and signaling
messages.

FE/GE0

USB (1)

USB connector

The USB port is used for the software upgrade of a base station
using a Universal Serial Bus (USB) storage device. This port also
functions as a commissioning Ethernet port.

The USB port with the CLK silkscreen is used for multiplexing
TOD and test clock.
E1/T1

DB26 female connector

The port is used for four E1/T1 signal inputs and outputs
between the UMPT and the universal E1/T1 lightning protection
unit (UELP) or between base station controllers.
The GPS port on the UMPTa1 or UMPTa2 is reserved.

GPS

SMA connector

The GPS port on the UMPTa6 is used for transmitting radio


frequency (RF) signals received from the antenna to the satellite
receiver.

CI

SFP connector

The port is used for BBU interconnection.

RST

The port is used to reset the board.

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BBU3900 Boards
LBBP : The LTE baseband processing unit (LBBP) in the BBU3900 processes baseband signals.
Functions

The LBBP performs the following functions:


Processes uplink and downlink baseband signals.
Provides CPRI ports for communication with RF modules.
Achieves BBU baseband resource sharing.

LBBP

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Indicators
Silkscreen
RUN

Color
Green

Status
Steady on

There is power supply, but the board is faulty.

Steady off

There is no power supply, or the board is faulty.

On for 1s and off for 1s

The board is functioning properly.

On for 0.125s and off for 0.125s

ALM

Red

Description

Steady on

The board

is being loaded or configured.

The board

is not started.

An alarm is generated, and the board must be replaced.

Ports
Silkscreen Connector Quantity

ACT

Green

Steady off

The board is running properly.

On for 1s and off for 1s

An alarm is generated and you need to locate the fault


before deciding whether to replace the board.

Steady on
Steady off

On for 1s and off for 1s

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The board serves as an active board.


The board

does not serve as an active board.

The board

is not activated.

The board

does not provide any services.

CPRI0 to
CPRI5

SFP female 6
connector

The power supply for the board is insufficient.

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Description

Connects to the RF
modules for
transmitting service
data, clock signals,
and synchronization
information

BBU3900 Boards
UPEU : The Universal Power and Environment Interface Unit (UPEU) for the BBU3900 converts -48 V
DC or +24 V DC power into +12 V DC.
Functions

The UPEUa, UPEUc, and UPEUd convert -48 V DC power into +12 V DC, and the UPEUb
converts +24 V DC power into +12 V DC.

UPEU
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RRU 3829
RRU Functions
The RRU performs the following functions:
Receives downlink baseband data from the BBU and sends uplink baseband data to the
BBU.
Receives RF signals from the antenna system, down-converts the signals to intermediate
frequency (IF) signals, amplifies the IF signals, and performs analog-to-digital conversion.
The transmit (TX) channel filters downlink signals, performs digital-to-analog conversion,
and up-converts RF signals to the TX band.
Multiplexes receive (RX) and TX signals on the RF channel, which enables these
signals
to share the same antenna path. It also filters the RX and TX signals.
The RRU can be powered by the AC/DC power module. The RRU is called AC RRU..

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RRU 3829 Ports

RUN

ALM

VSWR

CPRI

ACT

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Cable Connection configuration example


Slot

Slot 16
FAN

Board Type

Slot

LBBPd1

Board Type

Slot 18 UEIU

UMPTa2
Slot 19 UPEU

RRU3829

WBBPd2

RRU3829

CPRI_E

CPRI_E

CPRI_W

CPRI_W

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UMPTa1

RRU3829

CPRI_E
CPRI_W

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Cable Connection configuration Contd

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LTE Network Topology


CONTENTS

Hardware Description/ Cable Connection

Configuration of eNodeB
Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software , Data Configuration
File and License on the LMT
Transmission check Using Ping tool
Health check of eNodeB

Alarm Check and Fault management of eNodeB

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Preparation before configuration


We should get all the negotiation data from customer side including common information,
Transmission information and radio information.
The engineer should negotiate about these information with customer, we can get all these
information from LLD (low level Design)
Please clear about the network topology that will be useful for trouble shooting.

There are two ways of configuring an eNodeB will be introduced in this Document
a) USING MML command
b) using XML file with GUI or LMT

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Configuration of eNodeB (MML command)


1. Logging IN to eNodeB
1. Set your laptop Ethernet adapter in the same network segment as of eNodeB (ex-192.168.0.X) as the IP of UMPT for local
maintenance is 192.168.0.49.
2.Type the IP address of the Universal Main Processing and Transmission Unit (UMPT) for local maintenance in the address box of the
Internet Explorer (the default IP address is 192.168.0.49), enter the Local Maintenance Terminal dialog box is displayed
3.Fill in the User Name, Password, and Verify Code boxes. Set User Type to Local ( user name and password are admin and admin123
respectively). They are case sensitive.
4. Click Login. The LMT main window is displayed.

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Configuration Main steps


Equipment data
Common data
Time/Clock

Network data

Device/Interface IP

S1/X2 Links

IP Route

Transmission data
OM

VLAN

QoS

Sector/Cell
Radio data
Neighboring cell
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Common Data Configuration


ADD BRD

Note: We can add a boards logically


but make sure that LBBP Work
Mode must be selected to FDD

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ADD RRUCHAIN

Note: If the access type is selected to


the local port, The LBBP is connected to
RRU through a CPRI port

ADD RRU

Note: The RRU type


consistent with hardware

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should

be

Mod eNodeB

Note: Modify the network parameters according


to the planning

ADD operator Information

Note: Add the parameters MCC and MNC as


per the operator(SMART MCC-515 MNC 03).
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ADD operator TAC

Note: Use this command to add tracking area code.

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SET Time Zone

SET CLOCK

Note: Use this command to set the local time


zone and if we select clock mode to manual
then we need to select the clock source as
well
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Transmission Data Configuration


ADD DEVICE IP

Note: The IP address is negotiated with


Customer including Control plane, User
plane and OM IP

SET ETHPORT

Note: The Port attribute, MTU speed etc


should be negotiated with customer.
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S1 and X2 Configuration
We have two ways to configure S1 interface and X2 interface, one is link way and other is End point
way
ADD S1INTERFACE

ADD SCTPLNK

S1
ADD IPPATH

LINK
ADD X2INTERFACE

ADD SCTPLNK

X2
ADD IPPATH

S1

ADD S1SIGIP

ADD MME

ADD S1SERVIP

ADD SGW

END POINT
ADD X2SIGIP

ADD X2SERVIP

ADD X2ENODEB
OVER S1

X2
ADD X2SIGIP

MOD
GLOBALPARASWITCH

ADD X2SERVIP

Over M200

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Setup S1 by Link way

Note: The first local IP is local control plane IP


and peer IP is MME IP. Local and peer SCTP
port no should be negotiated

Note: Use this command to add S1 Interface.


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Setup S1 by Link way

Note: The local IP is eNodeB user plane IP, Peer IP is SGW IP, Adjacent node ID should be
same with the S1 interface ID, application type should be S1

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Setup X2 by Link Way

Note: The first local IP is the local control


plane IP , the first peer IP is target eNodeB
control plane IP. Local and peer port
number should be negotiated

Note: Use this command to add X2


Interface and X2 Interface ID range from
16~79
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Setup X2 by Link Way

Note: application type should be X2

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Setup S1 by end point Way

Note: Use these commands for eNodeB control plane IP ,SCTP port and MME IP
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Setup S1 by end point Way

Note: Use these commands for eNodeB user plane IP and UGW IP
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Setup X2 by end point Way

Note: These command defines the local control Plane/ user plane IP and SCTP port and the
target eNodeB also Should configure this command.
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Setup X2 by end point Way

Note: Use this command to add a peer eNodeB

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Setup X2 by end point Way

Note: If we use X2 Setup automatically feature, The switch of X2 Setup by SON must be ON

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ADD IPROUTE

Note: To add a static Route


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ADD OMCH

Note: Local IP is OM plane IP and Peer IP is M2000 IP

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QOS Mapping

Note: The different DSCP value have a mapping with different QOS by this command, user data
1 priority means QCI 1

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VLAN Configuration
There are two ways to configure the vlan, one is Single VLAN and another is
VLAN Group. If we do need to distinguish the traffic flow priority , we can
chose Single VLAN, all traffic flow will go to same next Hop. Otherwise ,we
can chose VLAN group to distinguish traffic flow with different priority

Single VLAN

VLAN

ADD VLANMAP

VLAN GROUP

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VLAN CLASS

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Single VLAN

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VLAN Group

Note: We can configure different traffic flow with different VLAN priority in one VLAN
group
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Radio Data Configuration


ADD SECTOR

Note: The Antenna mode should be chosen as per plan per eNodeB

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ADD CELL

Note: The Band and Earfcn should be chosen as per plan and Cell FDD/TDD indication as
per actual scenario

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ADD CELLOP

Note: use this command to add a cell operator before a cell can be activated

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Neighboring Cell Configuration


In the enodeB
Intra-frequency
handover

ADD EUTRANINTRAFREQNCELL

ADD EUTRANEXTERNALCELL

Between eNodeBs

Neighboring cell
Relation ship

ADD EUTRANINTRAFREQNCELL

ADD EUTRANEXTERNALCELL

Inter-frequency
handover

ADD EUTRANINTERNFREQ

ADD EUTRANINTERFREQNCELL

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ADD External Cell

Note: eNodeB ID , Cell ID and Physical cell ID are peer eNodeB Value

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ADD Intra-frequency neighboring cell

Note: eNodeB ID and Cell ID are peer eNodeB Value

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ADD Inter-Frequency

Note: Downlink Earfcn is peer eNodeB value and it should be different from local eNodeB
Earfcn

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ADD Inter-frequency neighboring cell

Note: eNodeB ID and Cell ID are peer eNodeB Value

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Commissioning of eNodeB using XML file (GUI)


Configuration of FTP
1.In the navigation tree, double-click FTP Server Configuration. The FTP Server Configuration window is displayed, as shown in Figure
2.Click Download FTP Tool. The File Download-Security Warning dialog box is displayed, click Save to save the FTP server software package
(SFTPServer.exe) to the LMT PC.
3.Double-click SFTPServer.exe to start the FTP server. The FTP server icon is displayed as in the status area on the right of the taskbar.
4.Set User name, Password, and Working directory for the FTP server. The default user name and password are admin. Working directory must be
set to the directory where the software and data configuration file are saved. The default transmission security mode is Both.
5. To Save the FTP server configuration on the LMT main window click Software Management. The Software Management tab page is displayed.
6.On the FTP Server Configure tab page, set IP address for the FTP server. Enter User name and Password (the default name and password are
admin)Click Save to save the FTP server configuration.

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Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software and Data


Configuration File on the LMT (GUI)
On the LMT, click Software Management. The Software
Management dialog box is displayed.
In the navigation tree, double-click Download and
Activate Software. The Download and Activate Software
window is displayed.
Select tasks to be performed according to step and set
the parameters related to the tasks.
Click Execute.
The eNodeB performs the selected tasks in sequence. There is a
progress bar under the Execute button, indicating the current
progress and task status. When the progress bar of each task
displays 100%, the download and activation are complete.

In the MML window on the LMT, run the LST VER command to query the active eNodeB software version.
If...

Then...

The active software version is the target software version

Download and activate only the data configuration file.

The active software version is not the target software version

Download and activate both the eNodeB software and data configuration file.

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Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software and Data


Configuration File on the LMT (GUI) contd
In the Download and Activate Software window we have to choose the desired operations and check the Task is
successful or not.

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Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software and Data


Configuration File on the LMT (GUI) contd

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Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software Manually


Using MML
Using MML commands
Select tasks to be performed according to step described the mapping between tasks and MML commands.
a) Download the BOOTROM first and then SOFTWARE
DLD SOFTWARE

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b) Activate the BOOTROM first and then SOFTWARE


ACT SOFTWARE

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C) Down Load the configuration file and activate it


DLD CFGFILE:;

ACT CFGFILE:;

D) Install the License


INS LICENSE:;

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Page 57

LTE Network Topology


CONTENTS

Hardware Description/ Cable Connection


Configuration of eNodeB
Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software , Data Configuration
File and License on the LMT
Transmission check Using Ping tool
Health check of eNodeB

Alarm Check and Fault management of eNodeB

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Transmission check Using Ping tool


For eNodeB integration the transmission from enodeB to Core network should be established
To check the transmission path we need to use PING TOOL as follows:Change the laptop IP same as one of the DEVIP of eNodeB ex-10.202.46.42/30 and GW 10.202.46.41 (Vlan 2003)
Connect the Transmission cable to your laptop Open the ping tool and try to ping GW first .
If Ping to GW is successful than Ping M2000 or EPC IP if ping response is ok that means transmission is OK.
Now connect the cable to corresponding Port of eNodeB
Check the status of eNodeB using MML command as per next slide.

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LTE Network Topology


CONTENTS

Hardware Description/ Cable Connection


Configuration of eNodeB
Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software , Data Configuration
File and License on the LMT
Transmission check Using Ping tool
Health check of eNodeB

Alarm Check and Fault management of eNodeB

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Health check of eNodeB


After the Software and configuration file activated use the following command to check the status of
eNodeB
DSP BRD:;

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DSP S1INTERFACE:;

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Health check of eNodeB


DSP SCTPLNK: SCTPNO=0;

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DSP CELL:;

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LTE Network Topology


CONTENTS

Hardware Description/ Cable Connection


Configuration of eNodeB
Downloading and Activating the eNodeB Software , Data Configuration
File and License on the LMT
Transmission check Using Ping tool
Health check of eNodeB
Alarm Check and Fault management of eNodeB

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eNodeB LMTManaging eNodeB Alarms

Basic Concepts Related to the


Alarm Management

Basic Concepts Related to Alarms


Fault Alarm
Event Alarm
Engineering Alarm

Alarm Severity
Critical
Major
Minor
Warning

NM Alarm Type
Power system
Environment system
Signaling system
Trunk system
Hardware system
Software system
Running system
Communication system
Qos
Processing error

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Handling the eNodeB Alarms

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Alarm Check and Fault management of eNodeB


This section describes the basic concepts related to fault, event, and engineering alarms

Fault Alarm
A fault alarm is generated when a hardware is faulty or a major function is abnormal. A fault alarm has a higher
severity than an event. Based on the status of the faults, fault alarms can be categorized into active alarms and
cleared alarms.
If a fault is cleared, the status of the alarm changes to cleared. This type of alarm is called a cleared alarm.
If a fault is not cleared, the status of the alarm remains active. This type of alarm is called an active alarm.

Event Alarm
An event notifies users of important information when the system is running properly. Users need not handle
an event when it is generated.

Engineering Alarm
If an NE is being installed, commissioned, upgraded, expanded, or relocated, the NE is in the engineering state.
The following are engineering alarms: alarms reported by physical or logical equipment in the engineering
state; alarms that are generated by the peer equipment but are associated with the alarms reported by the
equipment in the engineering state; cleared alarms corresponding to engineering alarms.
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Alarm Severity
The alarm severity indicates the severity of an alarm. Based on the severity, all alarms can
be categorized into four types: critical, major, minor, and warning.
Severity

Definition

Handling Suggestion

Critical

Service-affecting condition. Critical alarms require immediate Alarms must be cleared immediately. Otherwise, the
attention, and must be cleared immediately. For example, faulty system may break down.
devices are repaired or unavailable resources are restored.

Major

Degradation of service, not a complete loss of service. Major


alarms must be cleared during working hours. For example,
device performance and resource performance improve.

Minor

Non-service-affecting condition. Minor alarms must be handled This helps maintenance personnel identify and clear
within a certain period to avoid severer problems.
potential problems in time.

Warning

Potential service-affecting condition. Warning alarms must be


cleared as required.

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These alarms must be cleared in time. Otherwise, some


important functions cannot be implemented.

You only need to learn about the operating status of the


system.

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NM Alarm Type
Based on network management (NM) standards, alarms are categorized as follows:
Power alarm: related to the power system
Environment alarm: related to environment of the equipment room
Signaling alarm: related to service signaling
Trunk alarm: related to the transport subsystem
Hardware alarm: related to boards
Software alarm: related to software
Running alarm: related to system running
Communication alarm: related to the communication system
Integrity violation alarm: a type of security alarm, which indicates that information may be modified, added, or
removed without permission.
Operation violation alarm: a type of security alarm, which indicates that services are unavailable or unreachable due
to incorrect operations, faults, or other reasons.
Physical violation alarm: a type of security alarm, which indicates that physical resources are unavailable due to
possible attacks.
Security violation alarm: a type of security alarm, which indicates that the security service or security mechanism
detects that the system is experiencing attacks.
Time domain violation alarm: a type of security alarm, which indicates that unexpected events have occurred.
Processing error alarm: related to other exceptions.
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Browsing Active Alarms or Events On LMT


Normal alarms, events, and engineering alarms that are reported to the LMT are displayed on
the Browse Alarm/Event tab page in real time. You can view the detailed information about such
alarms or events to determine the real-time running status of the system.
Procedure
1.In the LMT main window, click the Alarm/Event tab, and then click the Browse Alarm/Event tab on the
displayed Alarm/Event tab page. The Browse Alarm/Event tab page contains Normal Alarm, Event,
and Engineering Alarm sub-tab pages.
2.View the alarm or event information on the Browse Alarm/Event tab page.
3.To determine the detailed information about an alarm or event, double-click the record of the alarm or
event. The Detailed Information dialog box is displayed.
4.In the Detailed Information dialog box, click the Solution tab to view the description, parameters, impact
on the system, system actions, possible causes, and procedure.

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Browsing Active Alarms or Events On LMT Contd

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Querying Alarm or Event Handling Suggestions


1.Double-click an alarm on the Browse Alarm/Event or Query Alarm or Event Log tab page. The Detailed
Information dialog box is displayed.
2.In the displayed Detailed Information dialog box, click Solution. The online help of the alarm or event is
displayed.
3.View the description, parameters, impact on the system, system actions, possible causes, and procedure.
4.Click in the upper right corner of the online help to exit the online help.

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Collecting Alarm Information on M2000


Alarms are recorded and stored on NEs. If the M2000 is available, NEs also report alarms to the M2000
server for storage. Alarm collection on the NE side is to collect alarm logs. Alarm information of a single NE
or all NEs managed by the M2000 can be obtained on the M2000.
Step :1 Open the Alarm Query Window
Choose Monitor> Browse Current Alarm on M2000

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Collecting Alarm Information on M2000 Contd


Step :2 In the displayed Filter window set query condition
Set filter criteria in the Basic Setting dialog box to query alarms
meeting conditions.
Severity: indicates the severity of alarms. Options include critical,
major, minor, and warning. You can select a severity as required.
All options are selected by default.
Status: indicates the alarm status. "Cleared" and "Uncleared"
indicate whether alarms are cleared while "Acknowledged" and
"Unacknowledged" indicate whether alarms are confirmed by the
administrator. All options are selected by default.
Type: indicates the type of alarm information. All options are
selected by default.
Alarm query results can be filtered based on the alarm generation
time and alarm clearance time.
Recent alarms can be queried by minute, hour, or day.

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Collecting Alarm Information on M2000 Contd


In the Alarm Source dialog box, select NEs to be queried, set Select to Custom, click Add and select NE from the
displayed menu, and then select NEs in the displayed dialog box. +

After setting all parameters, click OK.


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Collecting Alarm Information on M2000 Contd


Step 3: Save query results.
In Alarm Information window, right-click an entry and choose Save All Records from the shortcut
menu, and then save the results to an .XLS file.
.

Note: If the OMCH between the NE and the M2000 is disconnected for some time, alarms of the NE are incomplete on
the M2000. In this case, manually synchronize alarms of the NE by choosing Monitor > Synchronize NE Alarm.
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Querying Alarm or Event Handling Suggestions

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Alarms

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Thank you
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