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# TITLE : THE SOURCE OF HYDRAULIC POWER ; PUMPS (Sheet 1-Example)

(Sheet 2-Question)

Example 6.1:
A gear pump has a 3-in.inside diameter, and a 1-in.width.If the pump actual flow at 1800 rpm and rated pressure is 28 gpm,

Solution:
UNIT BRITISH

Do (in) 3

Di (in) 2

L (in) 1

N (rpm) 1,800

QA (gpm) 28

VD (in³) ?

QT (gpm) ?

η ?

VD (in³) 3.93

QT(gpm) 30.60

## iii ) Volumetric efficiency,η = QA / QT *100

η 91 . 5

Example 6.2 :

A gear pump has a 75 mm outsidde diameter, and a 25 mm width. If the volumetric efficiency is 90% at rated

pressure, what is the correspondingflow rate?. The pump speed is 1000 rpm.
Solution :
UNIT METRIC

Do (m) 0.08

Di (m) 0.05

L (m) 0.03

N (rpm) 1,000

η 90%

VD (m³rev) ?

QA (m³/min) ?

VD(m³/rev) 0

## ii )Actual flow rate QA (m³/min) = QT * η = VD * N *η

QA(m³/min) 0.0552

Since 1L = 0.001m³ ,
QA (L/min) 55.23

QA (L/s) 0.92

Example 6.3 :

A vane pump is to have a volumetric displacement of 5 in³.It has a rotor diameter of 2 in.,a cam ring diameter of 3 in.,

## and a vane width of 2 in. What must be the eccentricity?

Solution :
UNIT BRITISH

VD (in³) 5

DC (in) 2

DR (in) 3
L (in) 2

e (in) ?

Π 3.14

Eccentricity,e (in) = 2 VD / [ PI ( DC + DR ) L ]

e (in) 0.318

Example 6.4:

A vane pump has a rotor diameter of 50 mm, a cam ring diameter of 75 mm, and a vane width of 50 mm.

Solution :
UNIT METRIC

VD (m³) ?

DC (m) 0.08

DR (m) 0.05

L (m) 0.05

e (m) 0.01

Π 3.14

## Volumetric displacement, VD (m³) = PI [ ( DC + DR )* e* L ]

VD (m³) 0

Since 1L = 0.001m³ ,

VD (m³) 0.08

Example 6.5 :

Find the offset angle for an axial piston pump that delivers 16 gpm at 3000 rpm. The pump has nine

Solution :
UNIT BRITISH
D(in) 5
(piston circle)

dpiston(in) 0.5

Y 9
(no. of piston)

N (rpm) 3,000

Q (gpm) 16

theta, ( ) ?

Π 3.14

## tan   = (231*Q) / (D*A*N*Y) = 0.14

8

Example 6.6 :

Find flow rate in units of L/s an axial piston pump delivers at 1000 rpm. The pump has nine15-mm diameter pistons

## arranged on a125-mm.piston circle diameter. The offset angle is set at 10°.

Solution :
UNIT METRIC

D(m) 0.13
(piston circle)

d(m) 0.02
piston

Y 9
(no. of piston)

N (rpm) 1,000

Q (m³/min) ?

tan 10 0.18

Π 3.14
Flow rate Q (m³/min) = D*A*N*Y tan

Q (m³/min 0.035

## Since 1L = 0 m³, dan 1min = 60 s

Q (L/s) 0.583

Example 6.7:

A pump has a displacement volume of 5 in³. It delivers 20 gpm at 1000 rpm and 1000 psi. If the prime mover

## a. What is the overall efficiency of the pump?

b. What is the theoretical torque required to operate the pump ?

Solution :
UNIT BRITISH

VD (in³) 5

N (rpm) 1,000

QA (gpm) 20

QT (gpm) 21.6

P (psi) 1,000

TA (in-lb) 900

TT (in.lb) ?

ηo ?

ηv ?

ηm ?

a.)
Theoretical flow rate, QT (gpm) = VD*N / 231

QT (gpm) 21.6

## Volumetric efficiency, ηv = (QA/QT)*100

ηv 92.4
Mechanical efficiency, ηm = [ ( PQT / 1714) / (T*N / 6300) ] * 100

ηm 88.4

ηo 81.7

## b) Theoretical torque , TT (in.lb)= TA * ηm

TT (in.lb) 796

Example 6.8 :

Oil at 20 gpm and 500 psi enters the low-pressure inlet of a 5:1 Racine booster. Find the discharge flow and pressure.

Solution :
UNIT BRITISH

## high discharge pressure = area of piston = high inlet flow rate

low inlet pressure area of rod low discharge flow rate

i) high discharge pressure = area of piston * low inlet pressure = 2500 psi

ii) low discharge flow rate = high inlet flow rate / area of piston = 4 gpm

Example 6.9 :

A pump has a displacement volume of 100 cm³. It delivers 0.0015 m³/sat 1000 rpm and 70 bars. If the prime mover input

## a. What is the overall efficiency of the pump?

b. What is the theoretical torque required to operate the pump ?

Solution :
UNIT MATRIC

V (cm³) 100
N (rpm) 1000

QA (m³/s) 0

P (N/m²) 7,000,000

TA (N.m) 120

VD (m³/rev) ?

QT (m³/s) ?

ηv ?

ηm ?

ηo ?

a)
Volumetric displacement, VD (m³/rev) = (cm³/rev)*(1m/100cm)³

VD (m³/rev) 0

QT(m³/s) 0

ηv 90

ηm 93

ηo 83.5

## b) Theoretical torque , TT (in.lb)= TA * ηm

TT (in.lb) 111
ssure is 28 gpm,

ed
er of 3 in.,
pistons
d pressure.

e mover input
System Prolem

Problem 6.67E:

For the fluid power system of Fig. 6.14, the following data are given:

Solution:
Rumus:
Qpump act.(in³/s) = Apiston x Vpiston ext.

=VD * N / 231

ηv ηm

## Vcyl.ext = 3 in/s x 1ft/12in x 1hp/550ft.lb/s = 0

percent of pump input power delivery to load = power to load / hp pump input x100

UNIT BRITISH

Input Output

## Power delivery (%) 72.2

Pump Power

Problem 6.61M:

A pump has a displacement volume of 98.4 cm³. It delivery 0.0152 m³/s of oil at 1000 rpm and 70 bars.

## a) What is the overall efficiency of the pump ?

b) what is the theoretical torque required to operate the pump ?

Solution:
Rumus:
Theoretical flow rate, QT (m³/s) = VD x N

## Mechanical efficiency, ηm = ( PQT / Tω ) 100

ω=2 Π Ν =
Overall efficiency, ηo = (ηv *ηm) * 100

UNITS METRIC

Input Output

Π 3.14
104.73