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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

FORMAT OF THE BID

METRO RAIL ON THE ORANGE LINE IN


PAKISTAN LAHORE PROJECT

20M STANDARD SPAN OF METRO RAILWAY


CURVED BRIDGE
CALCULATIONS

Project manager: YIN, Delan


Project engineer: RAN,Wei
Engineers: LI LEI

JUL , 2014

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

FORMAT OF THE BID

Structure General List:


Bridge function

Standard span of metro railway curved bridge

Bridge length

20 m

Curve radius

250m

Track number

Double

Track gauge

5000 mm

Derailment protection

Inside Guide rails and outside protect wood

Vertical

clearance

at

>5.0 m

roadway overpass

Governing

Live load

Double track (Type B metro train)

Design

Vmax = 80 km/H

speed

Features
Design
Load

Secondary

28.9 KN/m

dead load
Temperature

0 25

load
Wind speed

44.77m/s(100mph)

Earthquake

70.16g (Pakistani Building Code)

Super-structure

Simple support curved beam girders with two U-shaped


cross-section

Sub-structure

Reinforced concrete columns supported by drilled shafts

Concrete

GIRDER: GRADE C55

(Eurocode)

PIER CAP: GRADE C40


PIER COLUMN: GRADE C40
ABUTMENT: GRADE C30
PILE: GRADE C30

Materials
Reinforcing Steel:

CLASS A, CHARECTERISTIC STRENGH = 400 MPa

(Eurocode)
Structural Steel :

Y1860S7(15.2mm)

=1860 MPa

(Eurocode)
Govening

Super-structure

Maximum deflection by live load: 6.5mm

Structural

Bending moment of main girder:6942 kN-m

Features

Bearing Capacity of Bending moment : 17522kN-m


The maximum compressive stress value :8.3MPa
The minimum compressive stress value :2.0MPa
The maximum Principal compressive stress value :
16.9MPa
The maximum Principal tensile stress value : 2.2MPa
Sub-structure

The structure end reaction value :1664kN


Bearing reaction of side pier :6622kN
Maximum axial force of single drilled shaft:2555 kN

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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CONTENT
1.SUMMARIZE ..................................................................................... - 4 2. CALCULATION MODULE AND DATA ............................................. - 5 2.1 Calculation module ................................................................ - 5 2.2 Calculation load ..................................................................... - 5 3. ANALYSIS RESULT OF STATIC FORCE ............................................ - 7 3.1 Displacement calculation ....................................................... - 7 3.2 The support reaction ............................................................. - 7 3.3 Internal force of main girder ................................................. - 8 3.4 Conclusion of Internal force calculation ............................... - 10 3.5 stress calculation results of Main girder .............................. - 10 3.6 Conclusion of stress calculation ........................................... - 12 4. SUB-STRUCTURAL DESIGN ......................................................... - 13 4.1 Pier ...................................................................................... - 13 4.2 Footing ................................................................................ - 15 4.3 Foundation .......................................................................... - 17 5. SEISMIC ANALYSIS ..................................................................... - 19 5.1 Seismic load ........................................................................ - 19 5.2 Character value analysis model ........................................... - 19 5.3 Character value analysis result ............................................ - 20 5.4 Seismic load check .............................................................. - 21 -

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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20M Standard SPAN OF METRO RAILWAY


Curved BRIDGE
DESIGN CALCULATION REPORT
1. SUMMARIZE
The curved bridge is 20m long with one span, and the radius of curvature is 250m. The
detailed span layout please sees the figure 1-1 and figure 1-2. Double concrete U deck supporting
one track each; it will be constructed using the Full Precast Span Method (FPSM), the deck is
precast and pre-tensioned at pre-casting yard. The calculation is designed according to the Limit
state method.

Fig 1-1 Bridge Configuration Layout (Unit: mm)

Fig 1-2Bridge Configuration Layout (Unit: mm)

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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Fig 1-3 Bridge Configuration Layout (Unit: cm)

2. CALCULATION MODULE AND DATA


2.1 Calculation module
Predigest the structure at first and calculate with the special design program of the bridge, the
bridge dispersed result is as follows: 21 nodes and 20 girder units. The disperse drawing see
figure 2.1.

Fig 2-1 Structural Finite element disperse figure

2.2 Calculation load


The permanent load
<1> the selfweight
Including the deadweight of the main girder member, and the plane longitudinal lateral brace,
transverse lateral brace and deck system should be supposed as concentrated load imposed on
the main girder.
<2> the secondary dead load
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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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The weight of concrete deck, asphalt layer, handrail ,crash barrier and sound barrier are the
secondary dead load. Considering the stressing of concrete bridge deck, the carriageway of main
bridge will be taken stress analysis together with longitudinal beams according to combined
structure.
The total secondary dead load exclude carriageway concrete deck is 28.9 KN/m. The
carriageway concrete deck is designed according to combined beam units dead weight.

Live load
<1> Vertical Train Loads
The standard vehicle is defined in the Rolling Stock Design Criteria System specification: 2
lanes

Fig 2-2 automobile load figure

<2>Centrifugal load
The centrifugal load shall be calculated from the following formula:

Where
P -the static equivalent uniformly distributed load(kN/m); r-the radius if curvature(m); V-the
greatest speed(km/h);
<3>Temperature load
Consider temperate load in scope of 0 25 for the whole structure .
<4> Wind load
According to reference wind speed of 44.77m/s(100mph) at the structure position,
considering the influence on structure under wind load. Under operating condition, calculate load
according to wind speed of 25m/s55.9mphand combine with other load.

Combination load
Considering the following 2 combinations in this calculation:
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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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Basic combinationComb1
Dead load+ Vertical Train Loads+ Centrifugal load
Addition combinationComb2: Dead load+ Vertical Train Loads + Centrifugal load+ wind
load + temperature load

3. ANALYSIS RESULT OF STATIC FORCE


According to structure calculation analysis, the static force calculation result is as following:

3.1 Displacement calculation


The structure deflection value under related calculated load is as following:

Fig 3-1 Bottom edge dead load displacement in verticalunit: mm

Fig 3-2 Bottom edge live load displacement in vertical (unit: mm)

On the middle position of the span, the total deflection is 6.5mm under dead load.The total
deflection of middle span is 4.0mm under the live load; the deflection-span ratio is 1/5000. the
deflection-span ratio is less than 1/2000, which satisfies the design standard request.

3.2 The support reaction


The structure support reaction under dead load, live load, combination 1 and combination 2 is
as following:

Table 3-1 the structure end reaction value (Unit: KN)

Position

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Dead
load

Live load
Min

Max

COMB1
Min

Max

EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

The end pivot

-910

FORMAT OF THE BID

-754

-1664

-910

The above table shows that the max. Bearing reaction of side pier is 1664kN under COMB1,
which all satisfy the requirements.

3.3

Internal force of main girder


The envelope diagram of main girder are as following:

Fig 3-3 Bending moment Diagram of Plate Girder under Dead load (Unit: KNm)

Fig 3-4 Shear Diagram of Plate Girder under Dead load (Unit: Unit: KN)

Fig 3-5 Torsion Diagram of Plate Girder under Dead load (Unit: KNm)

Fig 3-6 Bending moment Diagram of Plate Girder under Vertical Train Loads (Unit: KNm)

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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Fig 3-7 Shear Diagram of Plate Girder under Vertical Train Loads (Unit: KN)

Fig 3-8 Torsion Diagram of Plate Girder under Live load (Unit: KNm)

Fig 3-9 Bending moment Diagram of Plate Girder under combination 1(Unit: KNm)

Fig 3-10 Shear Diagram of Plate Girder under combination 1(Unit: KN)

Fig 3-11 Torsion Diagram of Plate Girder under combination 1(Unit: KN)

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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3.4 Conclusion of Internal force calculation

Fig 3-12 Bearing Capacity of Bending moment of Plate Girder under combination 1(Unit: KNm)

Fig 3-13 Bearing Capacity of Shear Diagram of Plate Girder under combination 1(Unit: KN)

Fig 3-14 Bearing Capacity of Torsion of Plate Girder under combination 1(Unit: KNm)

According to above envelop diagram,The maximum calculated Bending moment value of


bridge under COMB1 is 6942 KN-m. According to allowable Bending moment, the allowable
Bending moment is 17522 KN-m. The bearing capacity of Bending moment satisfies requirements.
Meanwhile, The maximum calculated Shear value of bridge under COMB1 is 1665 KN. According
to allowable Bending moment, the allowable Bending moment is 1879 KN. The bearing capacity
of Shear satisfies requirements. The maximum calculated Torsion value of bridge under COMB1
is 350 KN. According to allowable Torsion value, the allowable Torsion is 5790 KN. The bearing
capacity of Torsion satisfies requirements.

3.5 stress calculation results of Main girder


The stress envelope diagrams of components under different combination are as following:

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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Fig 3-15 Stress diagram of top edge under Dead load (Unit: N/mm2)

Fig 3-16 Stress diagram of bottom edge under Dead load (Unit: N/mm2)

Fig 3-17 Stress diagram of top edge under live load(Unit: N/mm2)

Fig 3-18 Stress diagram of bottom edge under live load(Unit: N/mm2)

Fig 3-19 Stress diagram of top edge under under combination 1(Unit: N/mm2)

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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Fig 3-20 Stress diagram of bottom edge under under combination 1(Unit: N/mm2)

Fig 3-21 Min Principal Stress under combination 1(Unit: N/mm2)

Fig 3-22 Max Principal Stress under combination 1(Unit: N/mm2)

3.6 Conclusion of stress calculation


Table 3-2 Control stress of main rods under dead load and related combination Unit: MPa)
Dead load

Vertical Train
Loads

components

COMB1

Min

Min

Max

Min

Max

Top edge

-4.2

-4.1

-8.3

-4.2

Bottom edge

-4.1

2.1

-4.1

-2.0

Chord

*+-tensile stress;--compressive stress.

According to above envelop diagram,The maximum calculated stress value of bridge under
COMB1 (additional combination) is -8.3MPa. According to allowable stress calculation, the
allowable stress of C55 is -18.5MPa. The minimum calculated stress value of bridge under
COMB1 (additional combination) is -2.0MPa. According to allowable stress calculation, the
allowable stress is 0MPa. The bearing capacity of stress satisfies requirements.
According to above envelop diagram,The maximum calculated Principal stress value of
bridge under COMB1 (additional combination) is -8.2MPa. According to allowable stress
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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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calculation, the allowable stress of C55 is -22.2MPa. The minimum calculated Principal stress
value of bridge under COMB1 (additional combination) is 2.2MPa. According to allowable stress
calculation, the allowable stress is 3.3MPa. The bearing capacity of Principal stress satisfies
requirements.
As the above table shows, the stress of components and concrete bridge deck is in the
allowable range under construction stage, which is safety.

4. SUB-STRUCTURAL DESIGN
4.1

Pier

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

4.2

Footing

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

4.3

Foundation

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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As the above table shows, the internal force of sub-structural components is less than the
allowable capacity, , which satisfies requirements for safety.

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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5. SEISMIC ANALYSIS
5.1

Seismic load
The earthquake acceleration is 0.16g. Field coefficient takes the secondary site for

consideration which is 1.2. The curve of corresponding response spectrum is as following:

Fig 5-1

the response spectrum

The seismic effect of finished bridge will be calculated in dynamic analysis of structure.

5.2

Character value analysis model


Analyze the dynamic property of structure and work out its calculation result of character

value. Meanwhile, take a response spectrum analysis to finished bridge according to seismic load
on structure. The following report is centered on introducing dynamic character and seismic
response analyzing results.
Model:

Fig 5-2 the structure model

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

5.3

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Character value analysis result


Carry out the character value analysis to structure according to current load; the character

value calculation result is as following:


Table 5-1

Stage number

results of character value analysis

Frequency (HZ)

Buckling mode

0.964523

First stage longitudinal direction move

1.061830

First stage right lateral bend

1.235035

First stage right lateral anti-symmetric bend

Fig 5-3 The first stage vibration mode

Fig 5-4 The second stage vibration mode

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EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

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Fig 5-5 The third stage vibration mode

5.4

Seismic load check


According to the description of seismic response spectrum , take a seismic load check to

bridge structure at finished bridge phase.

Fig 5-6

Pier section

Fig 5-7

Table 5-3

Moment-Curvature picture

seismic load check

Seismic

Seismic

Dead

Seismic axial

Check axial

direction

load(kN)

force(kN)

force(kN)

X-Z

6622

300.1

10989.2

3702

1.53E+04

Ok

Y-Z

6622

320.2

10989.2

4488

1.53E+04

Ok

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moment
(kN*m)

Bending
capacity(kN*m)

EPCof Metro Rail Transit System on the Orange Line in Lahore

FORMAT OF THE BID

After seismic load check of finished bridge, the structure component force is all in a
reasonable range, which ensures the structure safety.

According to calculation result, the Characters of the bridge satisfies requirements.the


structure is all in a reasonable range, safe and reliable.

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