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ECE 437

Power Electronics

Exam #1
Fall Semester, 2013
Wednesday, October 2

Notes:
Make sure to write your name on all sheets
Please address all of the problems. As a minimum, discuss the steps needed to solve the
problem. If your discussion is correct you will earn partial credit for the problem.
Instructor will be present for questions. If the question applies to all, the answer will be
posted on the board.

Name: _______________________________
School ID: ____________________________
TRUE

FALSE

I will be attending the John Deere Tour on October 4.

Problem 1 (20 pts): _____________


Problem 2 (20 pts): _____________
Problem 3 (20 pts): _____________
Problem 4 (20 pts): _____________
Problem 5 (20 pts): _____________
Total Score: _____________

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13


Problem 1)

Name: ____________________________

~2~

Single Phase Diode Rectifier [20 pts]

The rectifier circuit shown below has the following parameters:

12:1
Vs = 170 sin
R = 25
Turns Ratio N = 12:1

D1
VS

Treat the diode as IDEAL

a) Draw the voltage across the resistor on the following graph. Label the peak value.

Vm 170
Vpk = N = 12 = 14.2V
Peak Resistor Voltage: ______________ V

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13

Name: ____________________________

~3~

b) What is the DC voltage across the resistor?

VDC =

1
2

14.2 sin d =

14.2
= 4.5V

VR_DC :__________ V
c) What is the average current through the resistor?
VDC 4.5
IAVG = R = 25 = 0.18A

IAVG :__________ V

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13


Problem 2)

Name: ____________________________

~4~

SCR Rectifier [20 pts]

The rectifier circuit shown below has the following parameters:

Vs = 170 sin
R = 300

VS

Treat the SCRs


as IDEAL

a) Determine the firing angle for a PEAK current of 0.5A.


170
Ipk for < 90 = 300 = 0.57A
Vpk = IpkR = (0.5)(300) = 150V
150
150 = 170 sin => = asin170 = 62 or 118

Since must be greater than 90, = 118

Firing Angle: __________ deg

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13

Name: ____________________________

~5~

b) The firing angle is now 25 degrees. What is the RMS voltage across the resistor?
2

Vrms =

Vrms =

(170 sin d = 14210V

14210V2 = 119V

RMS Voltage: __________ V


c) Determine the firing angle for an AVERAGE current of 0.25A.
VAVG = IAVGR = (0.25)(300) = 75V
VAVG =

170 sin d =

170
(1 + cos )

75
= acos170 - 1 = 67.3

Firing Angle: __________ deg

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13


Problem 3)

Name: ____________________________

~6~

SCR Rectifier with RL Load [20 pts]

The rectifier circuit shown below has the following parameters:

Vs = 170 sin
R = 125
L = 0.7 H

VS

Treat the SCRs as


IDEAL

You can assume that the current is continuous.


a) Determine the firing angle required for a DC current of 0.4A.
VAVG = IAVGR = (0.4)(125) = 50V
VAVG =

170 sin d =

2170
cos

50
= acos2170 = 62.5

Firing Angle: __________ deg

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13

Name: ____________________________

~7~

b) The firing angle is now 30 degrees. Determine the DC current through the resistor.
VDC =

170 sin d =

2170
cos 30 = 93.75V

VDC 93.75
IDC = R = 125 = 0.75A

DC Current: __________ A

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13


Problem 4)

Name: ____________________________

~8~

Three Phase Diode Rectifier [20 pts]

The rectifier circuit shown below has the following parameters:

VS

Vs = 390 sin
R = 250

Treat the diodes as


IDEAL

a) Determine the RMS voltage across the resistor.


3-phase, wye connected source, with VLN = 390V
VLL = 3 VLN = 675.5V
Vrms =

1
(

(VLL cos d = 645.6V

RMS Voltage: __________ V

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13

Name: ____________________________

~9~

b) Determine the DC current through the resistor.

VDC =

1
(

VLL cos d =

3VLL
= 645V

VDC 645
IDC = R = 250 = 2.58A

DC Current: ___________ A
c) Determine the peak-to-peak ripple voltage across the resistor.
Vmax = VLL = 675.5V
Vmin = VLL cos (/6) = 585V
Vpk-pk = Vmax - Vmin = 675.5 - 585 = 90.5V

Peak-to-Peak Ripple: __________ V

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13


Problem 5)

Name: ____________________________

~ 10 ~

SCR DC Motor Drive [20 pts]

The DC motor drive shown below has the following parameters:


Ia

Ra = 0.4
La = 0.8 H
Nm
Kt = 0.3 A
V
Ke = 0.3 rad/s

120Vrms
60Hz

Ra

La

Eb

Treat the SCRs as


IDEAL

a) The firing angle is 35 degrees. The relationship between load torque and motor speed is
Nm
given by the following equation: TL = Kb m where Kb = 3.5 x 10-3 rad/s . Determine the
steady-state operating speed.

Va =

2Vm
2170
cos =
cos 35 = 88.65V

Te = IaKt
At steady-state, TL = Te which means that Kbm = IaKt
Va = IaRa + Eb where Eb = Kem
Kb
Va = Ra K m + Kem
t

m =

Va
88.65
=
= 291 rad/s = 2779 rpm
-3
Kb
3.5x10
Ra K + Ke 0.4
t
0.3 + 0.3

m : __________ RPM

ECE 437 Exam 1 F13

Name: ____________________________

~ 11 ~

b) Under the same conditions from part a, determine the steady-state armature current.
Kbm = IaKt
Kb
Ia = K m = 3.4A
t

Ia : __________ A