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A.

B.

Question Bank in AC Circuits


A.
1.

SINUSOIDAL VOLTAGE AND CURRENT


REE Board Exam September 2000
Find the average current during the half cycle given the instantaneous
maximum value of 20 amperes.
A. 12.73 amperes
C. 20 amperes
B. 14.14 amperes
D. 10 amperes

2.

0.89 A
0.75 A

C.
D.

0.91 A
0.84 A

8.

EE Board Exam April 1990


A 240-V, 25 Hz sinusoidal generator is connected to a 20 ohms resistor.
Determine the instantaneous current when elapsed time is 0.01 second.
A. 15.43 A
C. 16.97 A
B. 16.30 A
D. 12.00 A

REE Board Exam April 1997


The phase shift between the current and voltage vectors us due to the
following except one
A. magnet coils
C. power capacitors
B. electric flat iron
D. fluorescent lamp

9.

REE Board Exam April 1997


A wire carries a current i = 3 cos 314t amperes. What is the average current
over 6 seconds?
A. 0 A
C. 1.5 A
B. 3.0 A
D. 0.532 A

3.

REE Board Exam April 2001


An alternating rectangular wave has a maximum value of 10 V and a
frequency of 1 cycle per second. What is the average value of the wave?
A. 5 V
C. 0
B. 10 V
D. 7.07 V

10. REE Board Exam April 1997


Across a 230-V, 60 Hz power supply is a 15-ohm non-inductive resistor.
What is the equation of the resulting current?
A. i = 21.68 sin 377t
C. i = 15.33 sin 377t
B. i = 26.56 sin 377t
D. i = 28.16 sin 120t

4.

REE Board Exam October 2000


A sinusoidal current wave has a maximum value of 20 A. What is the
average value of one-half cycle?
A. 5 A
C. 14.14 A
B. 12.7 A
D. 0

11. EE Board Exam April 1991


Determine the effective value of the circuit current of an emf of 151 sin 377t
is connected in series with a DC emf of 110 volts. Both supply a load of 10 +
j8 ohms.
A. 10.3 A
C. 13.8 A
B. 12.5 A
D. 11.4 A

5.

REE Board Exam October 1996


What is the wavelength of a carrier wave with frequency of 100 megahertz?
A. 3.0 m
C. 1.5 m
B. 7.5 m
D. 6.0 m

6.

REE Board Exam April 1997


A chart speed of a recording instrument is 25 mm/sec. One cycle of the
signal being recorded extends over 5 mm. What is the frequency of the
signal?
A. 20 cps
C. 50 cps
B. 2 cps
D. 5 cps

7.

EE Board Exam April 1992


Determine the rms value of the current drawn by a 2 F condenser, which is
connected across a source of potential. The potential has a third and fifth
harmonic components, which are 30% and 20% respectively of the
fundamental. The fundamental sinusoidal component has a peak value of
1000 volts and 60 Hz frequency.

12. EE Board Exam April 1994


An alternating current and a direct current flow simultaneously in the same
conductor. If the effective of the alternating current is 5 A and the direct
current is 10 A, what will an AC ammeter read when connected in the circuit?
A. 7.5 A
C. 11.18 A
B. 15 A
D. none of these
13. REE Board Exam April 1997
If e = 100 sin (t 30) 50 cos 3t + 25 sin (5t + 150) and i = 20 sin (t +
40) + 10 sin (3t + 30) 5 sin (5t 50). Calculate the power in watts.
A. 1177
C. 1043
B. 919
D. 1224
14. ECE Board Exam November 2001
It is the value of sine wave of voltage or current at one particular instant of
time.
A. average value
C. rms value

B.

effective value

D.

instantaneous value

15. ECE Board Exam November 1998


If the combination of an ac voltage and a dc voltage has an instantaneous
voltage that varies through a range from -2 V to +10 V, what is the peak ac
voltage of the combination?
A. 10 V
C. 6 V
B. 16 V
D. 12 V
16. ECE Board Exam April 2001
Measured in Hertz, it is the number of cycles of alternating current per
second.
A. frequency
C. peak to peak
B. period
D. wavelength
17. ECE Board Exam April 2000
If an ac signal has an average voltage of 18 V, what is the rms voltage?
A. 16.2 V
C. 25.38 V
B. 19.98 V
D. 12.73 V
18. ECE Board Exam April 2000
If an ac signal has a peak voltage of 55 V, what is the average value
voltage?
A. 61.05 V
C. 34.98 V
B. 38.86 V
D. 86.35 V
19. ECE Board Exam April 1999
What is the phase relationship between current and voltage in an inductor?
A. in phase
B. current lags voltage by 90
C. voltage lags current by 90
D. current lags voltage by 180
20. ECE Board Exam November 1995
If sine wave voltage varies from 0 to 200 V, how much is its instantaneous
voltage at 90?
A. 100 V
B. minimum voltage
C. 200 V
D. half of its maximum voltage
21. ECE Board Exam November 2000
How many degrees are there in one complete wave cycle?
A. 360 degrees
C. 180 degrees
B. 90 degrees
D. 720 degrees

22. ECE Board Exam April 1998


When comparing rms voltage and average voltages, which of the following
statement is true, assuming sine waves?
A. Either the rms voltage or the average voltage might be larger.
B. The average voltage is always greater than the rms voltage.
C. There will always be a very large difference between the rms voltage
and the average voltage.
D. The rms voltage is always greater than the average voltage.
23. ECE Board Exam November 1999
It is the maximum instantaneous value of a varying current, voltage, or power
equal to 1.414 times the effective value of a sine wave.
A. rms value
C. effective value
B. peak to peak value
D. peak value
24. ECE Board Exam November 1999
It is the description of two sine waves that are in step with each other going
through their maximum and minimum points at the same time and in same
direction.
A. stepped sine waves
B. sine waves in coordination
C. phased sine waves
D. sine waves in phase
25. ECE Board Exam April 1999
What is the average voltage (Eave) output of a full wave rectifier with an
output of 100 volts peak?
A. 63.7 volts
C. 141.4 volts
B. 14.14 volts
D. 6.37 volts
26. ECE Board Exam November 1997
The relation of the voltage across an inductor to it current is ____
A. Lagging the current by 90 degrees
B. Leading the current by 90 degrees
C. In phase with the current
D. Leading the current by 180 degrees
27. ECE Board Exam April 1999
If two equal frequency ac signals of exactly 5 V each are combined with one
of the signals 180 degrees out of phase with the other, what will be the value
of the resultant voltage?
A. 2.25 V
C. 0 V
B. 5 V
D. 10 V

28. ECE Board Exam November 1998


Kind of electric current where amplitude drops to zero periodically normally
produced by rectifier circuits
A. alternating current
B. varying direct current
C. damped alternating current
D. pulsating direct current
29. ECE Board Exam April 2000
If an ac signal has an average voltage of 18 V, what is the rms voltage?
A. 16.2 V
C. 25.38 V
B. 19.98 V
D. 12.726 V
30. ECE Board Exam April 2001
In electronic circuit the current that flows over a capacitor _____.
A. In phase with the voltage
B. Leads the voltage by 180 degrees
C. Lags the voltage by 90 degrees
D. Leads the voltage by 90 degrees
31. Two current sources deliver current to a common load. The first source
delivers a current whose equation is 25 sin 100t amperes while the second
delivers a current whose equation is 15 cos 100t amperes. What is the rms
value of the current in the load?
A. 29.15 A
C. 20.6 A
B. 40 A
D. 10 A
32. Two alternators A and B delivers 100 A and 150 A, respectively to a load. If
these currents are out of phase by 30 electrical degrees, determine the total
current drawn by the load.
A. 201.5 A
C. 215.4 A
B. 250.0 A
D. 241.8 A
33. When using circuit laws and rules we must use
A. maximum value
C. effective value
B. average value
D. peak to peak value
34. A 60 Hz frequency would cause an electric light to
A. turn on and off 120 times per second
B. flicker noticeable
C. turn on and off 180 times per second
D. turn on and off 60 times per second
35. The relationship between frequency f, number of revolutions per second n
and pair of poles p is given by

A.
B.

f = n/p
f = np

C.
D.

f = n/2p
f = 2np

36. The difference between the peak positive value and the peak negative of an
a.c. voltage is called the
A. maximum value
C. average value
B. effective value
D. peak to peak value
37. The greatest value attained during one half of the cycle is called the
A. peak value
C. r.m.s. value
B. average value
D. effective value
38. The root mean square (r.m.s.) value of a.c. is the same as
A. instantaneous value
C. effective value
B. average value
D. maximum value
39. The r.m.s. value of a sine wave is equal to
A. 0.637 maximum value
C. 0.707 maximum value
B. 0.506 maximum value
D. 1.414 maximum value
40. Form factor is defined as
A. r.m.s. value/peak value
B. maximum value/r.m.s. value
C. r.m.s. value/average value
D. effective value/ r.m.s. value
41. The value of form factor for a pure sine wave is
A. 1.414
C. 0.707
B. 0.637
D. 1.11
42. The value of peak factor for a pure sine wave is
A. 1.414
C. 0.707
B. 0.637
D. 1.11
43. If the current and voltage are out of phase by 90, the power is
A. 1.1 VI
C. Maximum
B. minimum
D. zero
44. If e1 = A sin t and e2 = B sin (t - ) then
A. e1 lags e2 by
C. e2 lags e1 by
B. e2 leads e1 by
D. e1 leads e2 by
45. Which of the following statements concerning the graph of figure below is
most correct?

A.
B.

infinite
zero

C.
D.

0.5
unity

54. The frequency of a sinusoidal signal shown in figure is

1
0
time

A.
B.
C.
D.

it represents ac
it represents dc
it represents half-wave rectified ac
it represents sum of ac and dc

46. Average value of a sine wave is times the maximum value


A. True
B. False
47. The equation for 25 cycles current sine wave having rms value of 30
amperes will be
A. 30 sin 25t
C. 30 sin 50t
B. 42.4 sin 25t
D. 42.4 sin 50t
48. The voltage v = 90 cos (t 161.5) may be represented as a sine function
by
A. 90 sin (t + 18.5)
C. 90 sin (t + 71.5)
B. 90 sin (t 71.5)
D. 90 sin (t - 18.5)
49. Which of the following frequencies has the longest period?
A. 1 Hz
C. 1 kHz
B. 10 Hz
D. 100 kHz
50. RMS value and the mean value is the same in case of
A. square wave
B. sine wave
C. triangular wave
D. half-wave rectified sine wave
51. If emf in a circuit is given by e = 100 sin 628t, the maximum value of voltage
and frequency are
A. 100 V, 50 Hz
C. 100 V, 100 Hz
B. 50 V, 50 Hz
D. 50 V, 100 Hz
52. When the sole purpose of an alternating current is to produce heat, the
selection of conductor is based on
A. average value of current C. rms value of current
B. peak value of current
D. any of the above
53. The form factor of dc supply voltage is always

A.
B.

500 Hz
1 kHz

C.
D.

25 kHz
500 kHz

55. The period of the voltage 2 cos 4500t + 7 sin 7500t is


A. 2.51 s
C. 2.51 ms
B. 2.51 ns
D. 2.51 s
56. The a.c. system is preferred to d.c. system because ____
A. a.c. voltages can easily be changed in magnitude
B. d.c. motors do not have fine speed control
C. high-voltage a.c. transmissions is less efficient
D. d.c. voltage cannot be used for domestic appliances
57. In a.c. system, we generate sine wave form because ____
A. it can be easily drawn
B. it produces lest disturbance in electrical circuits
C. it is natures standard
D. other waves cannot be produced easily
58. ____ will work only on d.c. supply.
A. Electric lamp
C. Heater
B. Refrigerator
D. Electroplating
59. ____ will produce a.c. voltage.
A. Friction
C.
B. Photoelectric effect
D.

Thermal energy
Crystal

60. In Fig. 1.1, the component of flux that will contribute to e.m.f. in the coil is
____

Coil of N turns

rad/sec

max
Figure 1.1

A.
B.

max sin t
max cos t

C.
D.

68. An alternating current given by i = 10 sin 314t. Measuring time from t = 0, the
time taken by the current to reach +10 A for the second time is ____.
A. 0.05 second
C. 0.025 second
B. 0.1 second
D. 0.02 second

max tan t
max cot t

61. In Fig. 1.1, the maximum e.m.f. induced in the coil is ____.

Coil of N turns

rad/sec

max
Figure 1.1

A.
B.

N max
max

C.
D.

67. A sinusoidal current has a magnitude of 3 A at 120. Its maximum value will
be ____.
A. A
C.
A
B.
A
D. 6 A

N max sin t
N max

69. An a.c. generator having 10 poles and running at 600 r.p.m. will generate an
alternating voltage of frequency _____
A. 25 Hz
C. 50 Hz
B. 100 Hz
D. 200 Hz
70. We have assigned a frequency of 50 Hz to power system because it ____
A. can easily be obtained
B. gives best result when used for operating both lights and machinery
C. leads to easy calculation
D. none of the above

62. A coil is rotating in the uniform field of an 8-pole generator. In one revolution
of the coil, the number of cycles generated by the voltage is ____.
A. one
C. four
B. two
D. eight

71. An alternating voltage is given by v = 100 sin 314t volts. Its average value
will be ____.
A. 70.7 V
C. 63.7 V
B. 50 V
D. 100 V

63. An alternating voltage is given by v = 20 sin 157t. The frequency of the


alternating voltage is ____.
A. 50 Hz
C. 100 Hz
B. 25 Hz
D. 75 Hz

72. An alternating current whose average value is 1 A will produce ____ 1 A d.c.
under similar conditions.
A. less heat than
C. the same heat as
B. more heat than
D. none of the above

64. An alternating current is given by i = 10 sin 314t. The time taken to generate
two cycles of current is ____.
A. 0.02 second
C. 0.04 second
B. 0.01 second
D. 0.05 second

73. A sinusoidal alternating current has a maximum value of I m. Its average


value will be ____.
A. Im/
C. 2Im/
B. Im/2
D. none of the above

65. An alternating voltage is given by v = 30 sin 314t. The time taken by the
voltage to reach 30 V for the first time is ____.
A. 0.02 second
C. 0.03 second
B. 0.1 second
D. 0.015 second

74. The area of a sinusoidal wave over a half-cycle is ____


A. max. value / 2
C. max. value /
B. 2 x max. value
D. max. value / 2

66. A sine wave has a maximum value of 20 V. Its value at 135 is ____.
A. 10 V
C. 15 V
B. 14.14 V
D. 5 V

75. An alternating voltage is given by v = 200 sin 314t. Its r.m.s. value will be
____
A. 100 V
C. 141.4 V
B. 282.8 V
D. 121.4 V

B.
76. The r.m.s. value of sinusoidally varying current is ____ that of its average
value.
A. more than
C. same as
B. less than
D. none of the above
77. Alternating voltages and currents are expresses in r.m.s. values because
____
A. they can be easily determined
B. calculations become very simple
C. they give comparison with d.c.
D. none of the above
78. The average value of sin2 over a complete cycle is ____
A. +1
C.
B. -1
D. zero
79. The average value of sin over a complete cycle is ____.
A. zero
C. -1
B. +1
D.
80. An alternating current is given by i = Im sin . The average value of squared
wave of this current over a complete cycle is ____
A. Im/2
C. 2Im/
B. Im/
D. 2Im
81. The form factor a sinusoidal wave is ____
A. 1.414
C. 2
B. 1.11
D. 1.5
82. The filament of a vacuum tube requires 0.4 A d.c. to heat it. The r.m.s. value
of a.c. required is ____.
A. 0.4 x
C. 0.8 /
B. 0.4 / 2 A
D. 0.4 A
83. A 100 V peak a.c. is as effective as ____ d.c.
A. 100 V
C. 70.7 V
B. 50 V
D. none of the above
84. The form factor of a ____ wave is 1.
A. sinusoidal
C. triangular
B. square
D. saw tooth
85. Out of the following ____ wave is the peakiest.
A. sinusoidal
C. rectangular

square

D.

triangular

86. The peak factor of a sine wave form is ____.


A. 1.11
C. 2
B. 1.414
D. 1.5
87. When a 15-V square wave is connected across a 50-V a.c. voltmeter, it will
read ____.
A. 15 V
C. 15 /
B. 15 x
D. none of the above
88. The breakdown voltage of an insulation depends upon ____ value of
alternating voltage.
A. average
C. peak
B. r.m.s.
D. twice the r.m.s.
89. The peak factor of a half-wave rectified a.c. is ____.
A. 1.57
C. 1.11
B. 2
D. 1.4142
90. The form factor of a half-wave rectified a.c. is ____
A. 2
C. 1.414
B. 1.11
D. 1.57
91. When 200 V sinusoidal peak-to-peak is connected across an a.c. voltmeter,
it will read ____
A. 141.4 V
C. 70.7 V
B. 50 V
D. none of the above
92. In Fig. 1.2, the wave that will produce maximum heat under the similar
conditions is ____.

i
10 A

96. In Fig. 1.3, current is given by i = Im sin . The voltage equation will be ____.

i
10 A

-10 A

-10 A

i
10 A

A.
B.

Figure 1.3

i
10 A

0
-10 A

Vm sin
Vm sin ( + )

Vm sin ( - )
Vm sin ( - 2)

C.
D.

97. The waveforms of voltage and current shown in Fig. 1.3 would exist in ____
circuit.
Figure 1.2

A.
B.

square wave
sinusoidal wave

C.
D.

triangular wave
saw tooth wave

93. In Fig. 1.2, ____ wave will have the highest average value.
i
10 A
0

Figure 1.3

10 A
0

-10 A

-10 A

i
10 A

Figure 1.2

saw tooth
square

C.
D.

an inductive
none of the above

99. Three parallel circuits take the following currents: i1 = 5 sin 314t, i2 = 30 sin
(314t + /2) and i3 = 25 sin (314t - /2). The expression for the resultant
current is ____.
A. 25 sin (314t + /3)
C. 10 sin (314t - /6)
B. 5 sin (314t + /2)
D. 5 sin (314t + /4)

-10 A

A.
B.

a resistive
a capacitive

98. An alternating voltage or current is a ____.


A. scalar quantity
C. phasor
B. vector quantity
D. none of the above

i
10 A

A.
B.

C.
D.

triangular
sinusoidal

94. The average value of a sinusoidal current is 100 A. Its r.m.s value is ____.
A. 63.7 A
C. 141.4 A
B. 70.7 A
D. 111 A
95. A current wave is given by i = 4 + 2 sin 3 + 4 sin 5. The r.m.s. value of
current wave is ____.
A. 10 A
C. A
B. 6 A
D. 5 A

100. The sum of the following two e.m.fs will be ____


e1 = 10 sin t
e2 = 10 cos t
A. 10
C. 14.14 cos t
B. 20 sin t
D. 14.14 sin (t + /4)
101. Each of the three coils generates an e.m.f. of 230 V. The e.m.f. of second
leads that of the first 120 and the third lags behind the first by the same
angle. The resultant e.m.f. across the series combination of the coils is ____.
A. 0 V
C. 690 V
B. 230 V
D. none of the above

102. In Fig. 1.4, I1 + I2 is equal to ____


I2

60
6A

I3

3A

I1

4A

Figure 1.4

A.
B.

3A
4.33 A

C.
D.

9A
3.43 A

103. In Fig. 1.4, I2 + I3 is equal to ____


I2

60
6A

I3

3A

I1

4A

Figure 1.4

A.
B.

7A
A

C.
D.

5A
none of the above

104. In Fig. 1.5, E1 + E2 + E3 + E4 is equal to


E1 = 9 V
E3 = 20 V
E2 = 24 V
E4 = 6 V
Figure 1.5

A.
B.

7V
5V

C.
D.

20 V
none of the above

105. In Fig. 1.5, ____ will have the least value.


E1 = 9 V
E3 = 20 V
E2 = 24 V
E4 = 6 V
Figure 1.5

A.
B.

E1 + E2 + E3 + E4
E1 + E2 + E3 E4

C.
D.

E1 + E2 - E3 E4
-E1 + E4

106. In a pure resistive a.c. circuit, the frequency of power curve is ____ that of
the circuit frequency.
A. half
C. thrice
B. twice
D. same as

107. In a pure resistive circuit, the instantaneous voltage and current are given by:
v = 250 sin 314t volts
i = 10 sin 314t amperes
The peak power in the circuit is
A. 1250 W
C. 2500 W
B. 25 W
D. 250 W
108. In a pure resistive circuit, the instantaneous voltage and current are given by:
v = 250 sin 314t volts
i = 10 sin 314t amperes
The average power in the circuit is
A. 2500 W
C. 25 W
B. 250 W
D. 1250 W
109. An alternating voltage
current equation will be
A.
)
B.
(

is applied to a pure inductive circuit. The


C.
D.

(
(

)
)

110. The inductive reactance of a circuit is ____ frequency.


A. directly proportional to
C. independent of
B. inversely proportional
D. none of the above
111. Power absorbed in a pure inductive circuit is zero because
A. reactive component of current is zero
B. active component of current is maximum
C. power factor of the circuit is zero
D. reactive and active component of current cancel out
112. An alternating voltage
current equation will be
A.
)
B.
(

is applied to a pure capacitive circuit. The


C.
D.

(
(

)
)

113. The capacitive reactance of a circuit is ____ frequency.


A. independent of
B. inversely proportional to
C. directly proportional to
D. none of the above
114. An a.c. current given by i = 14.14 sin (t + /6) has an rms value of ____
amperes and a phase of ____ degrees.
A. 10, 30
C. 1.96 , -30
B. 14.14, 180
D. 7.07, 210

115. If e1 = A sin t and e2 = B sin (t ), then


A. e1 legs e2, by
C. e2 leads e1, by
B. e2 lags e1 by
D. e1 is in phase with e2

123. The reactance offered by a capacitor to alternating current of frequency 50


Hz is 10 . If frequency is increased to 100 Hz reactance becomes ____
ohm.
A. 20
C. 2.5
B. 5
D. 40

116. From the two voltage equations eA = Em sin 100t and eB = Em sin (100t +
/6), it is obvious that
A. eA leads eB 30
B. eB achieves its maximum value 1/600 second before eA does
C. eB lags behind eA
D. eA achieves its zero value 1/ 600 before eB

124. A complex current wave is given by i = 5 + 5 sin 100t ampere. Its average
value is ____ ampere.
A. 10
C.
B. 0
D. 5

117. The r.m.s. value a half-wave rectified current is 10 A, its value for full wave
rectification would be ____ amperes.
A. 20
C. 20/
B. 14.14
D. 40/
118. A resultant current is made of two components: a 10 A d.c. components and
a sinusoidal component of maximum value 14.14 A. The average value of
the resultant current is ____ amperes and r.m.s. value is ____ amperes.
A. 0, 10
C. 10, 14.14
B. 24, 24.14
D. 4.14, 100
119. The r.m.s. value of sinusoidal ac current is equal to its value at an angle of
____ degree.
A. 60
C. 30
B. 45
D. 90
120. Two sinusoidal currents are given by the equations: i 1 = 10 sin (t + /3) and
i2 = 15 sin (t - /4). The phase difference between them is ____ degrees.
A. 105
C. 15
B. 75
D. 60
121. A sine wave has a frequency of 50 Hz. Its angular frequency is ____
radian/second.
A. 50/
C. 50
B. 50/2
D. 100
122. An a.c. current is given by i = 100 sin 100. It will achieve a value of 50 A after
____ second.
A. 1/600
C. 1/1800
B. 1/300
D. 1/900

125. The current through a resistor has a wave form as shown in Fig. 1.6. The
reading shown by a moving coil ammeter will be ____ ampere.
5A
i(t)

Fig. 1.6

A.
B.

C.
D.

5/
0

126. A constant current of 2.8 exists in a resistor. The rms value of current is
A. 2.8 A
C. 1.4 A
B. about 2 A
D. undefined
127. The rms value of a half-wave rectified symmetrical square wave current of 2
A is
A. A
C.
A
B. 1 A
D. A
128. The rms value of the voltage v(t) = 3 + 4 cos (3t) is
A. V
C. 7 V
B. 5 V
D. (3 + 2 ) V
129. The rms value of the resultant current in a wire which carries a dc current of
10 A and a sinusoidal alternating current of peak value 20 A is
A. 14.1 A
C. 22.4 A
B. 17.3 A
D. 30.0 A
130. For the triangular waveform in the figure, the rms value of voltage s equal to

T/2

A.
B.

V
V

C.
D.

3T/2

2T

5T/2

1/3 V
V

131. The rms value of the periodic waveform given in the figure is

A.
B.

i
A

T/2

i
A
T/2

-A

-6 A

A
A

C.
D.

1.5 A

138. Which of the waveforms are having unity peak factor?

6A

A.
B.

C.
D.

-A
Fig. b

Fig. a

A.
B.

figure a and b
figure b and c

C.
D.

Fig. c

figure a and c
none of the above

132. If i1 = 120 cos (100t + 30) and i1 = -0.1 cos (100t + 100) then i2 leads i1 by
____.
A. -110 degrees
C. -60 degrees
B. 60 degrees
D. 110 degrees

139. The length of time between a point in one cycle to the same point of the next
cycle of an AC wave is the ____.
A. frequency
C. magnitude
B. period
D. polarity

133. If v1 = sin (t + 30) and v2 = -5 sin (t - 15) then v1 leads v2 by ____.


A. 225 degrees
C. 45 degrees
B. 30 degrees
D. none of the above

140. In an experiment, a sinusoidal wave form is observed to complete 8 cycles in


25 msec. Determine the frequency of the wave form.
A. 320 Hz
C. 200 Hz
B. 40 Hz
D. 64 Hz

134. The rms value of a rectangular wave of period T, having a value of +V for a
duration, T1 (<T) and V for the duration T - T1 = T2 equals ____.
A. V
C. V/
B. (T1 - T2)/T*V
D. (T1/T2)* V
135. The rms value of the voltage waveform v(t) = sin 10t + sin 20t is ____.
A. 1
C. 1/
B. 1/2
D.
136. For the voltage waveform v(t) = 2 + cos (t + 180) find the ratio of
Vrms/Vave.
A.
C. /2

B.
D.
137. The rms value of the periodic wave form e(t) shown in the figure is ____.

141. If emf in a circuit is given by e = 100 sin 628t, the maximum value of voltage
and frequency is ____.
A. 100 V, 50 Hz
C.
V, 50 Hz
B. 100 V, 100 Hz
D.
V, 100 Hz
142. A sinusoidal voltage wave has an RMS value of 70.71 V and a frequency of
60 Hz. Determine the value of the voltage 0.0014 second after the wave
crosses the t axis.
A. 70.71 V
C. 50 V
B. 100 V
D. 141.42 V
143. An alternating current varying sinusoidally with frequency of 50 Hz has an
RMS value of 20 A. At what time measured from the positive maximum value
will the instantaneous current be 14.14 A?
A. 1/600 sec
C. 1/300 sec

B.

1/200 sec

D.

1/400 sec

144. The average value of the function i = 50 sin t + 30 sin 3t is equal to ____.
A. 31.8 A
C. 38.2 A
B. 25 A
D. 51.43 A
145. For 200 Vrms value triangular wave, the peak value is equal to ____.
A. 200 V
C. 282 V
B. 222 V
D. 346 V
146. Determine the rms value of a semi-circular current wave which has a
maximum value of A.
A. 0.816A
C. 0.866A
B. 0.23 A
D. 0.707A
147. The rms value of a half-wave rectified current is 100 A. Its value for full-wave
rectification would be ____ amperes.
A. 141.4 A
C. 200/ A
B. 200 A
D. 400/ A
148. A half-wave rectified sine wave has an average value of 100 amp. What is
the effective value?
A. 157 A
C. 70.71 A
B. 444 A
D. 100
149. The form factor of a half-wave rectified alternating current is ____.
A. 1.11
C. 1.73
B. 1.57
D. 1.0
150. Three alternating currents are
(t + 90) A; i3 = 20 cos (t
current.
A. 167.4 sin (t + 45.66)
B. 74.6 sin t

given by i1 = 141 sin (t + 45) A; i2 = 30 sin


120) A. Find the equation of the resultant
C.
D.

143.8 sin (t + 51.4)


64.7 sin (t 30)

151. The maximum value of a sine wave AC voltage which will produce heat in a
resistor at the same average rate as 115 V of direct current is ____.
A. 81.3 V
C. 162.6 V
B. 115 V
D. 230 V
152. A sinusoidal voltage source has a peak value of 150 volts. What equivalent
DC voltage source would produce the same heating effect in a 1-ohm
resistor?
A. 15 V
C. 95 V
B. 212 V
D. 106 V

153. The effective value of v(t) = 100 + A sin t is known to be 103.1. The
amplitude A of the sine term is ____.
A. 25
C. 35.48
B. 4.85
D. 100
154. An alternating current and a direct current flow simultaneously in the same
conductor. If the effective of the AC is 8 A and DC is 12 A, what will an AC
ammeter read when connected in the circuit?
A. 14.42 A
C. 11.66 A
B. 12 A
D. 16.49 A
155. Find the reading of an AC voltmeter connected across the series source of
100 sin (t /2) and 100 sin t.
A. 100
C. 170.71
B. 130.65
D. 184.78
156. A voltage is given be v = 100 sin 314t. How long does it take this wave to
complete one fourth of a cycle?
A. 20 ms
C. 5 ms
B. 10 ms
D. 1 ms
157. When a 15 V square wave is connected across a 50 volt AC voltmeter, it will
read ____.
A. 21.21 V
C. 15 V
B. 10.61 V
D. 9.55 V
158. Calculate the effective value of v(t) = 100 sin 400t + 50 sin 800t + 10 cos
1200t V.
A. 79.5 V
C. 112.25 V
B. 57.9 V
D. 121. 52 V
159. The magnetic field energy of an inductor changes from maximum value to
minimum value in 5 ms when connected to an ac source. The frequency of
the source is
A. 20 Hz
C. 200 Hz
B. 50 Hz
D. 500 Hz
160. Non-sinusoidal waveforms are made up of
A. different sinusoidal waveforms
B. fundamental and even harmonics
C. fundamental and odd harmonics
D. even and odd harmonics only
161. The positive and negative halves of a complex wave are symmetrical when

A.
B.
C.
D.

it contains even harmonics


phase difference between even harmonics and fundamental is 0 or
it contains odd harmonics
phase difference between even harmonies and fundamental is either /2
or 3/2

162. The r.m.s. value of the complex voltage given by


is

A.
C.

B. 20
D. 192

170. For a sine wave, one half cycle is often called a(n)
A. alternation
C. octave
B. harmonic
D. period

163. In a 3-phase system, ____th harmonic has negative phase sequence of


RBY.
A. 9
C. 5
B. 13
D. 15
164. A complex current wave is given by the equation
The r.m.s. value of the current is ____ ampere.
A. 16
C. 10
B. 12
D. 8

165. When pure inductive coil is fed by a complex voltage wave, its current wave
A. has larger harmonic content
B. is more distorted
C. is identical with voltage wave
D. shows less distortion
166. A complex voltage wave is applied across a pure capacitor. As compared to
the fundamental voltage, the reactance offered by the capacitor to the third
harmonic voltage would be
A. nine times
C. one-third
B. three times
D. one-ninth
167. Which of the following harmonic voltage components in a 3-phase system
would be in phase with each other?
A. 3rd, 9th, 15th etc.
B. 7th, 13th, 19th etc.
C. 5th, 11th, 17th etc.
D. 2nd, 4th, 6th etc.
168. An alternating voltage is one that
A. varies continuously in magnitude
B. reverses periodically in polarity
C. never varies in magnitude
D. both A and B

169. One complete revolution of a conductor loop through a magnetic field is


called a(n)
A. octave
C. cycle
B. decade
D. alternation

171. For a sine wave, the number of complete cycles per second is called the
A. period
C. frequency
B. wavelength
D. phase angle
172. To compare the phase angle between two waveforms, both must have
A. the same amplitude
C. different frequency
B. the same frequency
D. both A and B
173. The value of alternating current or voltage that has the same heating effect
as a corresponding dc value is known as the
A. peak value
C. rms value
B. average value
D. peak-to-peak value
174. For an ac waveform, the period refers to
A. the number of complete cycles per second
B. the length of time required to complete one cycle
C. the time it takes for the waveform to reach its peak value
D. none of the above
175. The wavelength of a radio wave is
A. inversely proportional to its frequency
B. directly proportional to its frequency
C. inversely proportional to its amplitude
D. unrelated to its frequency
176. Unless indicated otherwise, all sine wave ac measurements are in
A. peak-to-peak values
C. rms values
B. peak values
D. average values
177. A unit step voltage is applied across an inductor. The current through the
inductor will be
A. zero for all time
B. a step function
C. a ramp function
D. a delta (impulse) function

B.
178. A ramp current flowing through an initially relaxed capacitor will result in a
voltage across it that
A. varies inversely with time
B. remains constant
C. varies directly with time
D. varies as the square of time
179. The voltage v(t) = t u(t) volts is connected across a 1 H inductor having an
initial current of -1 A. The net current will be zero at time t equal to
A. 0
C. seconds
B.
D. 1 seconds
seconds
180. A voltage waveform v (t) = 12t2 is applied across 1H Inductor for t 0, with
initial current through it being zero. The current through the inductor for t 0
is given by
A. 12t
C. 12t3
B. 24t
D. 4 t3
181. It is desired to have a constant direct current i(t) through the ideal inductor L.
The nature of the voltage source v(t) must
A. constant voltage
B. linearly increasing voltage
C. an ideal impulse
D. exponentially increasing voltage
182. For the current and voltage waveforms, identify the element & its value.

A.
B.

L, 25 H
C, 25 F

C.
D.

L, 2 H
C, 2 F

183. The voltage and current waveforms for an element are shown in the figure.
Find the circuit element and its value.

A.

L and 25 H

C.

L and 1 H

C and 25 F

D.

C and 1 F

184. What is the rms value of a square wave with an amplitude of 10 A and
frequency of 1 Hz?
A. 0 A
C. 5 A
B. 10 A
D. 7.07 A
185. What is the frequency in kHz of a radio signal whose wavelength is 15 m?
A. 10,000
C. 15,000
B. 20,000
D. 20,500
B. SERIES CIRCUITS
186. REE Board Exam September 2003
The following are in series R = 1,000 , L = .100 H and C = 20,000 pF. The
voltage across the circuit is 100 V, 60 kHz. What is the total impedance
expressed in ohms?
A. 1882 ohms
C. 2132 ohms
B. 1000 ohms
D. 1885 ohms
187. REE Board Exam October 2000
A series circuit has an applied voltage of v = 220 sin (t + 30) and draws a
current of i = 10 sin (t - 30). What is the average power and power factor of
the circuit?
A. 1,905 W, 86.6% lagging C. 2,200 W, 100%
B. 1,905 W, 86.6% lagging D. 1,100 W, 50% lagging
188. REE Board Exam September 2001
A coil has an impedance of 75.4 when connected a across a source of 60
Hz. The same coil yields an impedance of 54.8 when connected across a
source having a different frequency of 30 Hz. What is the coils inductance?
A. 245.7 mH
C. 158.6 mH
B. 512.8 mH
D. 341.7 mH
189. REE Board Exam April 1996
A circuit consists of a 4 ohms resistor and a 300 F capacitor in series. It is
connected across a 60 Hz voltage source with a 500 V peak voltage. What is
the phasor form of the current?
A.
A
C.
A
B.
A
D.
A
190. REE Board Exam September 2000
Find the power in a circuit if i(t) = 10 sin (t - 30) and v(t) = 220 sin (t +
30).
A. 550 watts
C. 1900 watts
B. 2200 watts
D. 1500 watts

191. REE Board Exam April 1997


A current of 2.5 A flows through a series circuit consisting of a 100 resistor
and an unknown capacitor across a source of 460 V, 50 Hz. What is the
value of the capacitive reactance?
A. XC = 91.86
C. XC = 154.45
B. XC = 39.19
D. XC = 184.0
192. REE Board Exam April 1995
In a series RC circuit the voltage across the capacitor and the resistor are 60
volts and 80 volts respectively. The total voltage is
A. 70
C. 140
B. none of these
D. 100
193. EE Board Exam October 1984
An industrial coil has a resistance of 32 ohms and reactance of 24 ohms and
rated 440 volts at 60 Hz. A factory will connect the coil to a 440 V, 50 Hz
supply. Solve for the value of a series resistor needed to avoid over-current
condition.
A. 2.07 ohms
C. 2.44 ohms
B. 2.64 ohms
D. 2.25 ohms
194. REE Board Exam October 1998
Two relays each with 20 ohms resistance and 0.16 H inductance are
connected in series. What is the equivalent impedance?
A. 20 + j102.2
C. 40 + j120.63
B. 20 + j95.32
D. 40 + j25.32
195. EE Board Exam October 1990
An inductive coil takes a current of 2 A and consumes 160 W when
connected to a 240 V ac supply. A second coil when connected across the
same supply takes 3 A and 500 W. Find the total power when the two coils
are connected in series to this supply,
A. 144.56 W
C. 150.22 W
B. 134.31 W
D. 128.35 W
196. EE Board Exam October 1985
A coil draws 1875 watts when connected to a 150 V dc source. It consumes
30.72 watts when use on a 240 V, 60 Hz ac source. Find the inductance of
the coil.
A. 0.0255 H
C. 0.0153 H
B. 0.0341 H
D. 0.0240 H
197. REE Board Exam October 1994

A current of 10 A and a power factor of 0.8 lagging is taken form a single


phase 250 volt supply. The reactive power of the system is
A. 1500 vars
C. 2500 vars
B. 2000 vars
D. none of these
198. REE Board Exam October 1996
The resistor of 6 and unknown impedance coil in series draws 12 A from a
120 V, 60 Hz line. If the real power taken from the line is 1152 watts, what is
the coil inductance?
A. 15.9 mH
C. 20 mH
B. 10 mH
D. 1.59 mH
199. REE Board Exam April 1997
Determine the power factor angle in the series circuit which consists of R =
25 , L = 0.2 H, across a power supply of 200 V, 30 Hz.
A. 36.4
C. 52.4
B. 46.4
D. 56.4
200. EE Board Exam April 1993
The impedance coils absorbs 250 watts when connected across 220 V, 60
Hz mains. It is then connected across 110 V, 25 Hz mains and also absorbs
250 watts. What is the inductance of the coil?
A. 0.125 H
C. 0.154 H
B. 0.149 H
D. 0.163 H
201. REE Board Exam September 2001
In laboratory experiment, the impedance of the coil was obtained at 60 Hz
and 30 Hz. These are 75.48 ohms and 57.44 ohms respectively. What is the
inductance of the coil?
A. 150 mH
C. 42.5 mH
B. 182.5 mH
D. 2.1 mH
202. REE Board Exam September 2002
A 10 ohms inductive resistor is connected in series with an unknown
capacitance. At 60 Hz the impedance of the circuit is 10 + j11.72 ohms. At 30
Hz the impedance of the circuit is 10 j5 ohms. What is the value of L in
millihenrys?
A. 50
C. 100
B. 500
D. 250
203. REE Board Exam April 1995
An impedance coil takes 10 A and absorbs 250 W when connected across a
220 V, 60 Hz source. What power will it absorb when connected across 110
V, 25 Hz mains?
A. 539 W
C. 439 W

B.

239 W

D.

339 W

204. EE Board Exam October 1984


An industrial coil has a resistance of 32 ohms and a reactance of 24 ohms
and rated 440 volts at 60 Hz. A factory will connect the coil to a 440 V, 50 Hz
supply. How much percentage over-current will the coil suffer?
A. 5%
C. 6%
B. 10%
D. 8%
205. REE Board Exam March 1998
A 25 resistor connected in series with a coil of 50 resistance and 150
mH inductance. What is the power factor of the circuit?
A. 85%
C. 90%
B. 80%D.
75%
206. REE Board Exam April 1997
A current of 2.5 A flows through a series circuit consisting of a 100 ohm
resistor and an unknown capacitor across a source of 460 V, 50 Hz. What is
the value of the capacitive reactance?
A. XC = 91.86
C. XC = 154.45
B. XC = 39.19
D. XC = 184
207. REE Board Exam October 1998
The ohmic resistance of a large magnetic contactor is measured to be 20
ohms. A 230 V is impressed on the contractor and the current is taken as 3.2
A. Neglecting core loss, determine the inductance of the contractor in mH?
A. 261
C. 183
B. 315
D. 251
208. REE Board Exam March 1998
A load of 20 + j35 is connected across a 220 V source. Determine the
power factor and the VARS.
A. 49.6%, 1042 vars
C. 85.3%, 975 vars
B. 52.2%, 1023 vars
D. 42.3%, 1087 vars
209. EE Board Exam October 1990
Find the total impedance in rectangular form for the following three series
impedances:
ohm,
ohm, 34
ohm.
A. 66.52 + j23.46
C. 74.31 + j21.56
B. 68.34 + j20.54
D. 67.70 + j22.04
210. REE Board Exam October 1997
An impedance draws a current i = 10 cos (t 30) A from a voltage, v = 220
sin (t + 30) V. What is the impedance?

A.
B.

15.6 j15.6
15.6 + j15.6

C.
D.

19.1 j11.1
11.0 + j19.1

211. EE Board Exam April 1990


A series resistance-capacitance (R-C) circuit is connected to a 230 volt 60
cycle source. If the power taken by the circuit is 4,800 watts and the voltage
drop across the resistor is 115 volts, calculate the capacitance of the
capacitor.
A. 540 F
C. 556 F
B. 530 F
D. 503 F
212. REE Board Exam March 1998
A 50 F and 100 F capacitors are connected in series and across a 100 sin
(t + 30) voltage. Write the equation of the current.
A. 1.26 sin (t + 120) A
C. 5.65 sin (t + 120) A
B. 1.26 sin (t + 90) A
D. 5.56 sin (t + 90) A
213. EE Board Exam April 1993
A
V, 120 Hz generator and a
V, 60 Hz generator are
connected in series with a 60 V battery and a coil. The resistance and
inductance of the coil are 3 and 2.65 mH, respectively. Determine the rms
current of the coil.
A. 42.54 A
C. 43.55 A
B. 44.24 A
D. 40.44 A
214. REE Board Exam October 1996
A series circuit composed of 100-ohm resistor and a 20-microfarad capacitor
connected across a 240-V, 60 Hz line. Which of the following answers is
WRONG?
A. the impedance of the circuit is 167 ohms
B. angle between the current and the voltage vectors is 53.1 degrees
C. the resulting current is 0.723 ampere
D. the voltage across the resistance is 144.6 volts
215. REE Board Exam April 1994
A capacitance is connected to a 115-V, 25 Hz mains and takes 5 A. What
current will it take when the capacitance and the frequency are both
doubled?
A. 2.5 A
C. 20 A
B. 5 A
D. 10 A
216. REE Board Exam October 1996
A capacitor is rated 100 kVAR, 380 V, 50 Hz, What will its rating be at 60 Hz,
220 V?
A. 50 kVAR
C. 90.9 kVAR

B.

40 kVAR

D.

57.7 kVAR

217. REE Board Exam October 1992


A resistor and a capacitor are connected in series across a supply of 250 V.
When the supply frequency is 50 Hz the current in the circuit is 5 A. When
the supply frequency is 60 Hz, the current is 5.8 A. Find the value of the
capacitance.
A. 58.3 F
C. 60.2 F
B. 69.1 F
D. 70.2 F
218. EE Board Exam October 1993
A series circuit composed of a 0.2 Henry inductor and a 74-microfarad
capacitor is connected to a 60 V variable frequency source. At what
frequency is the current be 4 amperes with a lagging power factor?
A. 50 Hz
C. 48 Hz
B. 51 Hz
D. 49 Hz
219. REE Board Exam October 1998
The maximum instantaneous voltage and current output of an alternator are
300 V and 20 A, respectively. What is the power output in watts if the voltage
leads the current by 30?
A. 2598
C. 5196
B. 3000
D. 6000
220. REE Board Exam October 1998
A 50-microfarad is connected in series with a coil having 50 ohms resistance
and 150 mH inductance. The source voltage is 100 sin (t 120) V. What is
the maximum power?
A. 199 watts
C. 212 watts
B. 147 watts
D. 165 watts
221. REE Board Exam October 1997
An impedance draws a current i = 10 cos (t 30) A from a voltage v = 220
sin t. What is the maximum power?
A. 2200 watts
C. 190.5 watts
B. 1100 watts
D. 1320 watts
222. REE Board Exam April 1995
An incandescent lamp load generally considered to be made up of resistors
take 4.8 kW from a 120 V ac source. The instantaneous maximum value of
power is
A. 4800 W
C. 480 W
B. 2400 W
D. 9600 W
223. ECE Board Exam November 1998

The term used for an out-of-phase, non-productive power associated with


inductors and capacitors?
A. peak envelope power
C. true power
B. effective power
D. reactive power
224. ECE Board Exam November 2001
What is the capacitive reactance of a 33 microfarad capacitor at 6500 Hz?
A. 7.4 0hms
C. 0.74 ohms
B. 96 0hms
D. 1122 ohms
225. ECE Board Exam November 1999
The power dissipated across the resistance in an AC circuit.
A. true power
C. reactive power
B. real power
D. apparent power
226. ECE Board Exam April 2000
What is the capacitive reactance of a 33 microfarad capacitor at 500 Hz?
A. 1,000,000 ohms
C. 0 ohms
B. 144 ohms
D. 9.55 ohms
227. ECE Board Exam November 1998
What is the reactance of a 25 mH coil at 600 Hz?
A. 0.011 ohm
C. 785 ohms
B. 94,000 ohms
D. 94 ohms
228. ECE Board Exam April 1999
Ignoring capacitance effects, what is the impedance of a 250 mH coil with an
internal resistance of 55 ohms at 60 Hz?
A. 149.2 ohms
C. 94.2 ohms
B. 109 ohms
D. 10,900 ohms
229. ECE Board Exam November 1999
Ignoring any inductive effects, what is the impedance of RC series capacitor
made up of a 56 kilo ohms resistor and a 0.033 F capacitor at a signal
frequency of 450 Hz?
A. 66,730
C. 10,730
B. 57,019
D. 45,270
230. ECE Board Exam April 2000
Assuming an ideal capacitor, with no leakage, what is the capacitive
reactance of 10 microfarad capacitance of DC (0 Hz)?
A. 0 ohms
B. 16000 ohms
C. 1,000,000 ohms
D. infinite capacitive reactance

231. ECE Board Exam April 1998


The impedance in the study of electronics is represented by resistance and
_____
A. Reactance
B. Capacitance
C. Inductance
D. Inductance and capacitance
232. ECE Board Exam November 2000
One of the following satisfies the condition of Ohms Law
A. Application to metals which heated up due to flow of current over them
B.
C.
D.

Application to AC circuit having its impedance used in place of resistance


Application to semiconductor
Application to vacuum radio valves

233. The effective voltage across a circuit element is (20 + j10) and the effective
current through the element is 4 j3 A. Calculate the true and reactive power
taken by the element.
A. 50 watts & 100 vars lagging
B. 50 watts & 100 vars leading
C. 110 watts & 20 vars lagging
D. 110 watts & 20 vars leading

the reading of a voltmeter connected across the capacitor is 80 V. Calculate


the values of R and C.
A. 66 & 30 F
C. 30 & 66 F
B. 30 & 60 F
D. 36 & 60 F
238. A series circuit consisting of a 66.2 F capacitor and a variable resistor. For
what two values of resistance will the power taken by the circuit be 172.8
watts, if the impressed 60-cycle emf is 120 volts?
A. 85.33 & 3.33 ohms
C. 5.33 & 3.0 ohms
B. 53.33 & 30 ohms
D. 83.33 & 5.33 ohms
239. A series circuit composed of 0.2 H inductor and a 74 F capacitor is
connected to a 60 V variable frequency source. At what frequency will the
current be 4 A with lagging power factor?
A. 47.767 Hz
C. 60 Hz
B. 74.68 Hz
D. 50 Hz
240. A 30 ohm resistor is connected in parallel with an inductor of inductive
reactance XL. The combination is then connected in series with a capacitor
of reactance XC. What is the value of XL and XC if the total impedance is 1.92
ohms?
A. 7.84 and 7.34
C. 44.8 and 84.21
B. 47.4 and 47.3
D. 84.7 and 34.7

234. The voltage across a given circuit is 75 + j50 V. What is the power supplied
to the circuit if the current through it is (8 j5) A?
A. 850 W
C. 750 W
B. 550 W
D. 350 W

241. An impedance of 100 resistance and an unknown inductance is connected


across the capacitor. The resulting impedance is a pure resistance of 500
if = 105 rad/sec. Calculate the values of inductor and capacitor.
A. 1 F & 2 mH
C. 7 F & 3 mH
B. 5 F & 1 mH
D. 0.04 F & 2 mH

235. Find average power in a resistance R = 10 ohms if the current in series form
is i = 10 sin t + 5 sin 3t + 2 sin 5t amperes.
A. 65.4 watts
C. 546 watts
B. 645 watts
D. 5.46 watts

242. The voltage across the resistor, inductor and capacitor in series is 60 V, 90 V
and 10 V respectively. What is the voltage across this circuit?
A. 160 V
C. 100 V
B. 140 V
D. 50 V

236. Across a 230-V, 60 Hz power supply is a 15-ohm non-inductive resistor.


What is the equation of the voltage and resulting current?
A. e = 398.4 sin 60t and i = 21.6 sin 60t
B. e = 325.5 sin 377t and i = 21.6 sin 377t
C. e = 230 sin 377t and i = 15.3 sin 377t
D. e = 230 sin 120t and i = 15.3 sin 120t

243. The open circuit voltage of an alternator is 127 V and its internal impedance
is
. Find the voltage across a load of
.
A.
V
C.
V
B.
V
D.
V

237. A resistor R and a capacitor C are connected in series across a 100 V, 60


cycle source. The reading of an ammeter connected in the circuit is 2 A and

244. The maximum values of alternating voltage and current are 400 V and 20 A,
respectively. In a circuit connected to 50 Hz supply and these quantities are
sinusoidal. The instantaneous values of voltage and current are 283 V and
10 A respectively at t = 0 both increasing positively. What is power factor of
the circuit?

A.
B.

0.707
0.83

C.
D.

0.85
0.965

245. The potential difference measured across a coil is 4.5 V, when it carries a
direct current of 9 A. The same coil when carries an alternating current of 9 A
at 25 Hz, the potential difference is 24 V. Find the power when it is supplied
by 50 V, 50 Hz supply.
A. 45 W
C. 63 W
B. 54 W
D. 30 W
246. Two coils A and B are connected in series across a 240 V, 50 Hz supply.
The resistance of A is 5 and the inductance of B is 0.015 H. If the input
from the supply is 3 kW and 2 kVAR, find the inductance of A and resistance
of B.
A. 0.0132 H & 8.3
C. 0.026 H & 12
B. 0.215 H & 3.8
D. 0.031 H & 5.3
247. A current of 5 A flows through a non-inductive resistance in series with a
choking coil when supplied at 250 V, 50 Hz. If the voltage across the
resistance is 120 V and across the coil is 200 V, calculate the power
absorbed by the coil in watts.
A. 168.75 W
C. 51.37 W
B. 137.5 W
D. 75.31 W
248. A single phase, 7.46 kW motor is supplied from a 400 V, 50 Hz AC mains. If
its efficiency is 85% and the power factor is 0.8 lagging, find the reactive
component of the input current.
A. 16.46 A
C. 27.43 A
B. 21.95 A
D. 21 A
249. A series RLC circuit consists of 20 ohms resistance, 0.2 H inductance and
an unknown capacitance. What is the value of the capacitance if the circuit
has a leading angle of 45 at 60 Hz?
A. 35.18 F
C. 27.8 F
B. 47.9 F
D. 30.7 F
250. A 3 HP, 120 V, 60 Hz induction motor operating at 80% efficiency and 0.866
lagging power factor is to be used temporarily with 240 V, 60 Hz source.
What resistance in series with the motor will be required for the motor to
have 120 V across its terminals at full load?
A. 6.68
C. 13.76
B. 4.77
D. 9.54
251. A circuit draws a current of (3 j8) A from a source of (100 + j37) V. Find the
true power of the circuit.

A.
B.

4W
596 W

C.
D.

300 W
296 W

252. A resistor and a coil are connected in series with a voltage source. If the
voltage across the coil is 10 sin (866t + 70) V and the current flowing
through the resistor is 2 cos (866t 80) A, what is the resistance of the coil?
A. 4.92
C. 5
B. 2.5
D. 4.33
253. A coil has a resistance of 6 ohms and an inductance of 0.02 H. When a noninductive resistor is connected in series with the coil, the current drawn when
connected to 220 V DC source is equal to the current drawn by the coil alone
across a 220 V, 60 Hz source. Determine the resistance of the non-inductive
resistor.
A. 3.63
C. 3.69
B. 6.39
D. 3.96
254. A series RL circuit has L = 0.02 H and an impedance of 17.85 . When a
sinusoidal voltage is applied, the current lags the voltage by 63.5. What is
the value of the angular frequency?
A. 400 rad/sec
C. 600 rad/sec
B. 500 rad/sec
D. 800 rad/sec
255. A 50 resistance is connected in series with a coil having 25 resistance
and 150 mH inductance. The circuit is connected to a voltage source of 200
sin t. Calculate the instantaneous current.
A. 2.9 sin t
C. 2.1 sin (t 37)
B. 1.7 sin (t + 37)
D. 5.11 sin (t - 37)
256. A coil having a resistance of 25 and an inductance of 150 mH is connected
in series with a 80 F capacitor across a voltage source of 200 sin 377t.
What is its instantaneous current?
A. 5.84 cos (377t - 43)
C. 5.84 sin (377t + 43)
B. 5.84 sin 377t
D. 5.84 sin (377t - 43)
257. A coil with a 15 resistance is connected in series with a capacitor. At 60 Hz
source, the impedance is measured at 15 + j11.27 while in 30 Hz source it
is measured as 15 j7.24 . Calculate the inductance of the coil.
A. 52.7 mH
C. 41.2 mH
B. 65.8 mH
D. 11.27 mH
258. An impedance coil has a resistance and inductance of 20 ohms and 0.05 H
respectively. What value of dc voltage can be applied to the coil in order that
it will take the same power from a 220 V 60 Hz mains?
A. 188 V
C. 160 V

B.

220 V

D.

120 V

259. A HP, 110 V, 60 Hz, single-phase induction motor has an efficiency of


88% and a power factor of 0.707 lagging at rated load. This motor is to be
connected temporarily on a 220 V, 60 Hz line. Determine the resistance
required to be placed in series with the motor in order to prevent the machine
from experiencing overcurrent?
A. 25.2 ohms
C. 19.5 ohms
B. 23.5 ohms
D. 27.6 ohms
260. Two coils A and B known to have the same resistance are connected in
series across a 110 V, 60 cycle line. The current and power delivered by the
source are respectively 4.1 A and 300 W. If the voltage across coil A is twice
that across coil B, calculate the inductance of coil B.
A. 8.63 mH
C. 9.02 mH
B. 7.36 mH
D. 4.49 mH
261. The total voltage in a series RL circuit ____ the current by an angle ____.
A. lags, of 90
B. lags, between 0 and 90
C. leads, between 0 and 90
D. leads, between 90 and 180
262. In a series RL circuit, the inductor current ____ the resistor current.
A. lags
C. leads
B. is equal
D. is negative
263. The impedance triangle is similar to the ____ triangle with the resistance
phasor in place of the ____
A. current, resistor current
B. current, resistor voltage
C. voltage, impedance
D. voltage, resistor voltage
264. In the impedance triangle the inductive reactance and impedance phasor are
analogous to the ____ and ____ phasor respectively in the voltage triangle.
A. inductive voltage, total voltage
B. inductive current, total current
C. inductive voltage, resistive current
D. inductive current, resistive current
265. In a series RL circuit, phasor diagram, total voltage may be represented by
the ____ phasor and the resistor voltage may be represented by the ____
voltage.
A. current, voltage

B.
C.
D.

impedance, resistance
current, resistance
impedance, inductance

266. The phase angle of a series RL circuit is the angle between the ____ phasor
and the ____ phasor.
A. resistance, inductive reactance
B. resistance, impedance
C. inductive reactance, impedance
D. none of the above
267. The phase angle of a series RL circuit may be computed ____ as ____ or
____.
A. cos-1 R/XL, sin-1 XL/R, tan-1 R/Z
B. cos-1 R/Z, sin-1 XL/R, tan-1 R/XL
C. cos-1 Z/XL, sin-1 R/Z, tan-1 XL/R
D. cos-1 R/Z, sin-1 XL/Z, tan-1 XL/R
268. In the circuit of figure shown the effective value of the resistor voltage is ____
volts.
5

Eeff. = 10 V

A.
B.

C.
D.

10

269. A(n) ____ stores and returns energy to a circuit while a(n) ____ dissipates
energy.
A. resistor, impedance
C. inductor, resistor
B. resistor, inductor
D. inductor, reactance
270. For an RL circuit, the power factor cannot be less than ____ or greater than
____.
A. 0, 1
C. 0, -1
B. 1, 0
D. 1, 0
271. The voltage across a capacitor ____ the current through it by ____.
A. lags, 45
C. leads, 0
B. lags, 90
D. leads, 90
272. If the resistance in a series RC circuit is increased the magnitude of the
phase angle

A.
B.
C.
D.

increases
remains the same
decreases
changes to an indeterminate manner

273. In a series RC circuit, the current ____ the total voltage by an angle.
A. lags, of 45
B. lags of 0
C. leads, between 0 and 90
D. leads, of 90
274. The resistance phasor for a series RC circuit points to the right. The
capacitive reactance phasor points ____ while the diagonal of the rectangle
having there two phasors as sides represents the ____.
A. up, impedance
C. down, impedance
B. left, current
D. up, total voltage
275. The phase angle for a series RC circuit is defined as the angle between the
____ and the ____ phasors.
A. current, resistance voltage
B. current, total voltage
C. resistance voltage, capacitor voltage
D. R, XC
276. The phase angle for a series RC circuit may be computed as the angle
between the ____ and the ____ phasors.
A. resistance, impedance
B. resistance, reactance
C. resistance, impedance
D. none of the above
277. If a series RC circuit with 10 ohms and XC = 10 ohms carries a current of 1
ampere effective value the resistor voltage is ____ volts effective and the
capacitor voltage is ____ volts effective.
A. 10/ , 10/
C. 10 , 10
B. 10, 10
D. 5, 10
278. The power dissipated in a series RL circuit with R =10 ohms and X C = 10
ohms carrying an effective current of 3 amps is ____ watts.
A. 30
C. 90
B. 30
D. 90
279. The magnitude of the power factor of an RC circuit with R = 10 ohms, XC =
10 ohms. I = 2 amp effective is ____.
A. 1
C. 0.707

B.

0.5

D.

0.0

280. The power dissipated in the circuit shown is ____ watts.


30

40

Eeff. = 100 V

A.
B.

60
80

C.
D.

100
120

281. The net reactance in an RLC circuit is


A. XL
C. XC
B. XC XL
D. XL - XC
282. The impedance of a series RLC circuit is ____.
A.

C.

B.

D.

283. In a series RC circuit, the voltage across the capacitor and the resistor are
60 V and 80 V respectively. The input voltage should be
A.
V
C.
V
B.
V
D.
V
284. The transient current are due to
A. voltage applied to circuit
B. resistance of the circuit
C. impedance of the circuit
D. changes in stored energy in inductance and capacitance
285. To a highly inductive circuit, a small capacitance is added in series. The
angle between voltage and current will
A. increase
B. decrease
C. remain nearly the same
D. become indeterminant
286. In a series R-L circuit. VL ____ VR by ____ degrees.
A. lags, 45
C. leads, 90
B. lags, 90
D. leads, 45
287. The voltage applied across an R-L circuit is equal to ____ of VR and VL.

A.
B.

arithmetic sum
algebraic sum

C.
D.

phasor sum
sum of the squares

B.

298. An R-L-C circuit has R = 10 , XL = 20 and XC = 30 . The impedance of


the circuit is given by the expression.
A. Z = 10 + j20
C. Z = 10 j20
B. Z = 10 + j50
D. Z = -10 + j20

290. Which phasor diagram is correct for a series R-C circuit?

Fig. 1
A.
B.

Figure 1
Figure 2

XC < XL

297. If p.f. of a circuit is unity, its reactive power is


A. a maximum
C. zero
B. equal to IR
D. a negative quantity

289. The p.f. of an R-C circuit is


A. often zero
B. between zero and 1
C. always unity
D. between zero and -1.0

D.

296. In an a.c. circuit, the ratio of kW/kVA represents


A. power factor
C. form factor
B. load factor
D. diversity factor

288. The power in an a.c. circuit is given by


A. VI cos
C. I Z
B. VI sin
D. I XL

R=0

Fig. 2
C.
D.

I
Fig. 3

Fig. 4

Figure 3
Figure 4

291. In an R-L-C circuit, v(t) = 20 sin (314t + 5/6) and i(t) = 10 sin (314t + 2/3).
The p.f. of the circuit is ____ and power drawn is ____ watt.
A. 0.5 lead, 200
C. 0.866 lead, 173.2
B. 0.886 lag, 186.6
D. 0.5 lag, 50
292. The input of an a.c. circuit having p.f. of 0.8 lagging is 20 kVA. The power
drawn by the circuit is ____ kW.
A. 12
C. 16
B. 20
D. 8
293. The power factor of an a.c. circuit is given by
A. cosine of the phase angle
B. tangent of the phase angle
C. the ratio R/XL
D. the ratio XL/Z
294. In series R-L-C circuit, R = 100 , XL = 300 and XC = 200 . The phase
angle of the circuit is _____ degrees.
A. 0
C. 45
B. 90
D. -45
295. The phase angle of a series R-L-C circuit is leading if
A. XL = 0
C. XC > XL

299. An alternating voltage e = 200 sin 314t is applied to a device which offers an
ohmic resistance of 20 to the flow of current in one direction while entirely
preventing the flow in the opposite direction. The average value of current
will be
A. 5 A
C. 1.57 A
B. 3.18 A
D. 1.10 A
300. A 10 mH inductor carries a sinusoidal current of 1 A rms at a frequency of 50
Hz. The average power dissipated by the inductor is
A. 0 W
C. 0.5 W
B. 0.25 W
D. 1.0 W
301. A circuit component that opposes the change in circuit voltage is
A. resistance
C. inductance
B. capacitance
D. all of the above
302. Power loss in an electrical circuit can take place in
A. inductance only
B. capacitance only
C. inductance and resistance
D. resistance only
303. A circuit of zero lagging power factor behaves as
A. an inductive circuit
C. R-L circuit
B. a capacitive circuit
D. R-C circuit
304. In an R-L series circuit the power factor is
A. leading
C. zero
B. lagging
D. unity

305. When a sinusoidal voltage is applied across an R-L series circuit having R =
XL, the phase angle will be
A. 90
C. 45 leading
B. 45 lagging
D. 90 leading
306. An ac source having voltage e = 110 sin (t + /3) is connected in an ac
circuit. If the current drawn from the circuit varies as i = 5 sin (t - /3) the
impedance of the circuit will be
A. 22
C. 30.8
B. 16
D. none of these
307. Which are of the following true of the circuit shown in the given figure?
100

150 V
L

VR

250 2 sin300 t

1. VR =
2. I = 2 A 3. L = 0.25 H
V
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
Codes:
A. 2 and 3
C. 1 and 3
B. 1 and 2
D. 1, 2 and 3
308. The R-L circuit of the figure is fed from a constant magnitude variable
frequency sinusoidal voltage source vin. At 100 Hz, the R and L element
each has a voltage drop Vrms. If the frequency of the source is changes to
50 Hz, then new voltage drop across R is
R

+
vin
-

A.
B.

Vrms
Vrms

C.
D.

Vrms
Vrms

309. An ac source of 200 Vrms supplies active power of 600 W and reactive
power of 800 VAR. The rms current drawn from the source is
A. 10 A
C. 3.75 A
B. 5 A
D. 2.5 A

310. A square wave is fed to an R-C circuit. Then


A. voltage across R is square and across C is not square
B. voltage across C is square and across R is not square
C. voltage across both R and C is square
D. voltage across both R and C is not square
311. The voltage phasor of a circuit is
V and the current phasor is
A. The active and reactive powers in the circuit are
A. 10 W and 17.32 VAR
B. 5 W and 8.66 VAR
C. 20 W and 60 VAR
D.
W and VAR
312. In a two-element series circuit, the applied voltage and resultant current are
respectively, v(t) = 50 + 50 sin (5 x 103t) and i(t) = 11.2 sin (5 x 103t + 63.4).
The nature of the elements would be
A. R-L
C. L-C
B. R-C
D. neither R, nor L, nor C
313. A series circuit passive elements has the following current and applied
voltage:
v = 200 sin (2,000t + 50), i = 4 cos (2,000t + 13.2)
The circuit elements
A. must be resistance and capacitance
B. must be resistance and inductance
C. must be inductance, capacitance and resistance
D. could be either resistance and capacitance or resistance, inductance and
capacitance
314. A two terminal black box contains one of the R-L-C elements. The black box
is connected to a 220 V ac supply. The current through the source is I. When
a capacitance of 0.1 F is inserted in series between the source and the box,
the current through the source is 2I. The element is
A. a resistance
B. an inductance
C. a capacitance
D. it is not possible to determine the element
315. In the following circuit, i(t) under steady state is
1

2H

5V
10 sin t

i(t)

1F

A.
B.

zero
5

C.
D.

7.07 sin t
7.07 sin (t 45)

316. The source in the circuit is a sinusoidal source. The supply voltages across
various elements are marked in the figure. The input voltage is
3V

14 V

10 V

A.
B.

5A
10 A

C.
D.

15 A
25 A

321. In the case of the R-L-C circuit shown in the given figure, the voltage across
the R, L and C would be respectively
A.
B.

10 V
5V

C.
D.

317. In the circuit shown in the given figure, if the power consumed by the 5
resistor is 10 W, then the pf of the circuit is
5

0.8
0.6

15 V
(rms)

V1
20 V
(rms)

V2
9 V (rms)

10

A.
B.
C.
D.

50 cos t

A.
B.

27 V
24 V

C.
D.

0.5
zero

12 V, 16 V and 7 V or 25 V
16 V, 12 V and 7 V or 25 V
7 V, 16 V and 12 V
16 V, 12 V and 25 V

322. Consider the following statements regarding the circuit shown in the figure.
5

318. In an RL circuit, supplied from an ac source, the reactive power is


proportional to the
A. the average energy stored in the electric field
B. the average energy stored in the magnetic field
C. sum of the average energy stored in the electric field and that stored in
the magnetic field
D. difference of the average energy stored in the electric field and that stored
in the magnetic field
319. If a series RLC circuit excited by a voltage e = E sin t when LC < 1/ 2
A. current lags behind the applied voltage
B. current leads the applied voltage
C. current is in phase with the applied voltage
D. voltage across L and C are equal
320. The current in the circuit shown is

j15 / 3

10

10 6 V
I

If the power consumed by 5 resistor is 10 W then


1. |I| = A
2. the total impedance of the circuit is 5
3. cos = 0.866
Which of these statements is correct?
A. 1 and 3
C. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
D. 1, 2 and 3
323. In an ac circuit if voltage V = (a + jb) and current I = (c + jd), then the power
is given by
A. ac + ad
C. bc - ad
B. ac + bd
D. bc + ad

324. The reactive power drawn from the source in the network in the given figure
is
+j10

-j10

332. In a series RL circuit,


A. VT lags VR by 90
B. VT leads VR by 90

10010 V

A.
B.

300 VAR
200 VAR

C.
D.

100 VAR
zero

325. A series R-L-C circuit, consisting of R = 10 , XL = 20 , XC = 20 is


connected across an ac supply of 100 V (rms). The magnitude and phase
angle (with reference to supply voltage) of the voltage across the inductive
coil are respectively
A. 100 V, 90
C. 200 V, -90
B. 100 V, -90
D. 200 V, 90
326. For a capacitor in a sine wave ac circuit
A. vC lags iC by 90
B. iC leads vC by 90
C. iC and vC have the same frequency
D. all of the above
327. In a series RC circuit,
A. VC leads VR by 90
B. VC and I are in phase

C.
D.

331. For an inductor in a sine wave ac circuit


A. VT leads iL by 90
C. VT and iL are in phase
B. VT lags iL by 90
D. none of the above

VC lags VR by 90
both B and C

328. In a series RC circuit,


A. VC and VR are in phase
B. VT and I are always in phase
C. VR and I are in phase
D. VR leads I by 90
329. When the frequency of the applied voltage increases in a series RC circuit
A. the phase angle, T, becomes more negative
B. ZT increases
C. ZT decreases
D. both A and
330. Inductive reactance, XL
A. applies only to non-sinusoidal waveforms or dc
B. applies only to sine waves
C. applies to either sinusoidal or non-sinusoidal waveforms
D. is inversely proportional to frequency

C.
D.

VR and I are in phase


both B and C

333. In a series RL circuit where XL = R, the phase angle, Z, is


A. -45
C. 90
B. 0
D. 45
334. In an ac circuit with only series resistances
A. VT and I are in phase
B. RT =R1 + R2 + R3 + + etc.
C. each voltage drop is in phase with the series current
D. all of the above
335. The unit of apparent power is the
A. volt-ampere (VA)
B. watt (W)
C. volt-ampere-reactive (VAR)
D. joule (J)
336. In an ac circuit with only series capacitors
A. VT leads I by 90
B. VT lags I by 90
C. each capacitor voltage drop leads I by 90
D. both A and C
337. The unit of real power is the
A. watt (W)
B. volt-ampere (VA)
C. joule (J)
D. volt-ampere-reactive (VAR)
338. In a series RLC circuit
A. XL and XC are 180 out of phase
B. IL and IC are 180 out of phase
C. XL and XC are 90 out of phase
D. XL and XC are in phase
339. The power factor of an ordinary electric bulb is
A. zero

B.
C.
D.

unity
slightly more than unity
slightly less than unity

340. The power factor of an ac circuit is equal to


A. cosine of the phase angle
B. sine of the phase angle
C. unity for a resistive circuit
D. unity for a reactive circuit
341. If f(t) = sin t + sin t is passing through R = 1 ohm, what is the power
dissipated in 1 ohm resistor?
A. 1 W
B. 2 W
C. since f(t) in non-periodic, not possible to find power
D. none of the above
C. PARALLEL CIRCUITS
342. EE Board Exam October 1981
A circuit consists of XL = j5 ohms, XC = -j5 ohms and R = 5 ohms all are
connected in parallel. Find the equivalent impedance.
A. 5.5
C. 4.8
B. 5.0
D. 5.2
343. EE Board Exam October 1985
Given: Z1 = -j2.5 ohms; Z2 = j4 ohms; Z3 = 5 ohms; Z4 = 1 + j5 ohms. If the
four impedances are connected in parallel, find the equivalent impedance in
ohms.
A. 4.1 + j0.72
C. 4.2 + j0.35
B. 4.3 + j0.45
D. 4.0 + j0.97
344. EE Board Exam April 1984, April 1987
Three impedances Za = 3 + j4 ohms, Zc = 4 j4 ohms and Zc = j3 ohms are
connected in parallel. Solve for the pf of the combination.
A. 0.653 leading
C. 0.503 leading
B. 0.554 lagging
D. 0.620 lagging
345. EE Board Exam October 1993
A pure capacitance of 530.515 x 10-6 farad and an inductance of 530.515 x
10-4 Henry are connected in parallel across an ac power source. Solve for
the resultant impedance assuming that the frequency is 30 Hz.
A. 10
C. zero
B. infinite
D. undefined

346. REE Board Exam March 1998


A coil of a 50-ohm resistance and of 150 mH inductance is connected in
parallel with a 50 F capacitor. What is the power factor of the circuit?
A. 80%
C. 70%
B. 50%
D. 60%
347. EE Board Exam April 1982
Three impedances Za, Zb and Zc are connected in parallel. If at 60 Hz, Za =
j8, Zb = -j2 and Zc = 5 ohms. Solve for the resultant power factor.
A. 0.471 lagging
C. 0.573 lagging
B. 0.471 leading
D. 0.573 leading
348. REE Board Exam October 1997
A resistor of 50 ohms and an impedance of 100 + j50 ohms are connected in
parallel across a 220 volts supply. What is the power factor of the load?
A. 96%
C. 98%
B. 99%D.
95%
349. EE Board Exam October 1992
A capacitor of 3.18 microfarads is connected in parallel with a resistance of
2,000 ohms. The combination is further connected in series with an
inductance of 795 mH and resistance of 100 ohms across a supply given by
e = 400 sin wt + 80 sin (3wt + 60). Assume w = 314 radians/sec. Determine
the power dissipated.
A. 74.66 W
C. 80.28 W
B. 78.05 W
D. 75.66 W
350. EE Board Exam October 1992
A capacitor of 3.18 microfarads is connected in parallel with a resistance of
2,000 ohms. The combination is further connected in series with an
inductance of 795 mH and resistance of 100 ohms across a supply given by
e = 400 sin wt + 80 sin (3wt + 60). Assume w = 314 radians/sec. Determine
the circuit power factor.
A. 0.702
C. 0.633
B. 0.650
D. 0.612
351. EE Board Exam April 1990
A capacitor, an electric resistance heater, and impedance are connected in
parallel to a 120 V, 60 Hz system. The capacitor draws 50 var, the heater
draws 100 W and the impedance coil draws 269 VA at a pf 0f 0.74 lagging.
Determine the system power factor.
A. 0.933 leading
C. 0.916 lagging
B. 0.928 lagging
D. 0.911 lagging
352. REE Board Exam October 1996

A bank of capacitors is connected in parallel each rated at 10 kVAR, 380


volts. If one unit is shorted out, what would be the net capacitance of the
bank?
A. 330 F
C. 220 F
B. 440 F
D. 110 F
353. EE Board Exam October 1992
A capacitor of 3.18 microfarads is connected in parallel with a resistance of
2,000 ohms. The combination is further connected in series with an
inductance of 795 mH and resistance of 100 ohms across a supply given by
e = 400 sin wt + 80 sin (3wt + 60). Assume w = 314 radians/sec. Determine
the rms value of the total current.
A. 0.40 A
C. 0.56 A
B. 0.33 A
D. 0.45 A
354. EE Board Exam June 1990
Three loads, units A, B and C are connected in parallel and take currents that
are respectively 12, 10 and 15 A respectively. Assuming Ia to be the
reference phasor. Ib leads Ia by 30 and Ic lags behind Ia by 65, calculate
the total (resultant) current.
A. 28.33 A
C. 26.46 A
B. 30.21 A
D. 32.10 A
355. EE Board Exam April 1992
Two single-phase motors are connected in parallel across a 120-volt, 60cycle source of supply. Motor A is a split-phase inductance type and motor B
is a capacitor type:
Motor
A
B

HP Output

Determine total power factor.


A. 0.886 lag
B. 0.864 lag

Efficiency
0.60
0.70

C.
D.

pf
0.70 lag
0.95 lag

0.817 lag
0.825 lag

356. EE Board Exam April 1992


A 250 V, 30 Hz generator supplies power to a parallel circuit consisting of a
20 HP motor whose efficiency is 90% at 0.80 pf lagging and a second load
that draws an apparent power of 7 kVA at unity pf. Determine the system
power factor.
A. 0.828 lagging
C. 0.802 lagging
B. 0.831 lagging
D. 0.884 lagging
357. EE Board Exam April 1985

A resistance of 5 ohms is connected in series with a capacitor of 442.1 F.


The combination is then connected in parallel with an inductance of 21.22
mH. Solve for the resultant current if the circuit is connected across a 120 V,
60 Hz ac source.
A. 9.44 A
C. 11.29 A
B. 10.68 A
D. 10.34 A
358. EE Board Exam April 1993
An inductor L1 is connected in series with a parallel combination of inductor
L2 and capacitor C. The impedance of the circuit w = 400 rad/sec is j100
ohms. The circuit is to yield infinite impedance at w = 1,000 rad/sec and zero
impedance at w = 2,000 rad/sec. Determine the value of C.
A. 1.28 F
C. 2.06 F
B. 1.67 F
D. 1.32 F
359. EE Board Exam April 1992
A sinusoidal current source, 10 cos 1000t, is in parallel both with a 20-ohm
resistor and the series combination of a 10-ohm resistor and a 10-mH
inductor. Find the equation of the voltage across the 10-ohm resistor.
A. 63.25 cos (1000t 18.43)
B. 61.32 cos (1000t 20.34)
C. 59.36 cos (1000t 17.45)
D. 60.12 cos (1000t 19.38)
360. EE Board Exam April 1993
A 1-hp, 220 V, 60 Hz capacitor-start motor has main and auxiliary winding
impedance at starting of 3.5 + j2.5 ohms and 8.6 + j2.5 ohms, respectively.
Determine the value of the starting capacitance that will place the main and
auxiliary winding currents 90 apart at starting,
A. 186.75 F
C. 182.43 F
B. 174.35 F
D. 170.67 F
361. EE Board Exam October 1990
Two impedances A and B are connected in parallel across a 120 V ac
supply. The total current and the current in each impedance is adjusted to 20
A. The power drawn by A is doubled that of B and the power factor is
lagging. Determine the power factor of A.
A. 0.650 lagging
C. 0.841 lagging
B. 0.704 lagging
D. 0.677 lagging
362. REE Board Exam March 1998
A coil of 50-ohm resistance and of 150-mH inductance is connected in
parallel with a 50-F capacitor. If the source voltage is 100 sin (t + 30),
what is the equation of the line current?
A. 1.91 sin (t + 52.5)
C. 1.82 sin (t - 62)

B.

1.25 sin (t + 75.5)

D.

1.32 sin (t 75.5)

363. EE Board Exam October 1984


A resistor R is connected in parallel with a 10-ohm inductive reactance. The
combination is then connected in series with a 4-ohm capacitive reactance.
The whole combination is connected across a 100-volt, 60 Hz supply, How
much is R if the angle between the supply voltage and the total current is 45
degrees?
A. 12 ohms
C. 16 ohms
B. 25 ohms
D. 20 ohms
364. EE Board Exam April 1980
Three impedances Z1 = 1 - j4 ohms, Z2 = j6 ohms and Z3 = 4 + j3 ohms are
connected in series-parallel. Z1 is connected in series with the parallel
combination of Z2 and Z3. Determine the equivalent impedance of the
combination.
A. 4.32 j1.21 ohms
C. 6.76 j5.68 ohms
B. 2.23 j3.32 ohms
D. 5.42 j7.21 ohms
365. EE Board Exam October 1984
A 5-ohm resistor is connected in parallel with a 10-ohm inductive reactance.
The combination is then connected in series with a 4-ohm capacitive
reactance. The whole combination is connected across a 100-volt, 60 Hz
supply. How much is the total current drawn by the circuit?
A. 22.36 A
C. 23.16 A
B. 20.45 A
D. 19.89 A
366. EE Board Exam April 1983
A non-inductive resistor R is connected in parallel with an inductive
reactance of 10 ohms. The combination is then connected in series with a
capacitive reactance of 5 ohms. The whole combination is connected across
a 100-volt, 60 Hz ac source. If R is equal to 5 ohms, solve for the voltage
across the parallel combination.
A. 87.53 V
C. 89.44 V
B. 88.34 V
D. 91.87 V
367. EE Board Exam April 1980
Three impedances Z1 = 1 - j4 ohms, Z2 = j6 ohms and Z3 = 4 + j3 ohms
respectively are connected in series-parallel. Z1 is connected in series with
the parallel combination of Z2 and Z3. If this circuit is connected across a 230
V, 60 Hz source, determine the voltage across the parallel combination of Z 2
and Z3.
A. 156.3 V
C. 135.7 V
B. 146.8 V
D. 163.2 V

368. EE Board Exam October 1980


Given three impedances: Z1 = 10 + j0 ohms, Z2 = 3 + j4 ohms and Z3 = 8 j6
ohms. Impedance Z2 and Z3 are connected in parallel and the combination is
connected in series with impedance Z1 across a 120 V single-phase 60 Hz
source. Find the total power drawn by the impedance.
A. 1008 W
C. 1038 W
B. 1204 W
D. 1103 W
369. EE Board Exam October 1993
If admittance Y = 0.06 j0.08 mho, then conductance G equals
A. -0.06
C. 0.08
B. 0.06
D. -0.08
370. EE October 1986, April 1993
A parallel circuit consists of a resistor having a conductance of 4 mhos, an
inductive reactor having a susceptance of 8 mhos and a capacitive reactor
having a susceptance of 5 mhos. What is the impedance of the circuit?
A. 0.11 + j0.13 ohms
C. 0.12 + j0.16 ohms
B. 0.13 + j0.11 ohms
D. 0.16 + j0.12 ohms
371. REE Board Exam October 1994
A capacitor branch having a ratio of XC to R of 5 is paralleled with impedance
consisting of a 4 resistance and a 3 inductive reactance. The power
factor of the resulting circuit is 0.8 leading. Find the size of the capacitor in
F if the frequency is 60 Hz.
A. 879.9 F
C. 978.9 F
B. 1078.9 F
D. 778.9 F
372. ECE Board Exam November 2000
A parallel-LC circuit can store energy fed to it power source and produces an
output which is a continuous A.C. wave. It is often called a ____.
A. Tank circuit
C. Storage circuit
B. Store circuit
D. Power circuit
373. ECE Board Exam November 2001
What is the impedance relationship between the output of one circuit and the
input of another circuit will provide maximum power transfer?
A. very low impedance
C. lower impedance
B. higher impedance
D. equal impedance
374. The series circuit of R = 30 & X = 4 and a parallel circuit of R and X
have the same impedance and power factor. Calculate the value of R and
X.
A. 8.33 and 6.25
C. 7.47 and 7.51
B. 2.56 and, 3.83
D. 5.62 and 9.84

375. A 25 resistor, 2 mH inductor and 30 F capacitor are connected in parallel


across 100 sin (5000t + 45) V source. Calculate the total current taken by
the circuit.
A. 4 sin (5000t + 45) + 5 cos (5000t + 45)
B. 14 sin (5000t) + 15 sin (5000t + 45)
C. 40 sin (5000t + 30) + 50 cos (5000t + 45)
D. 4 cos (5000t + 45) + 5 cos (5000t + 45)
376. A parallel circuit with one branch of R = 5 and a single unknown element in
the other branch has the following applied voltage and total current e = 10
cos (50t + 60) V and i = 5.38 cos (50t 8.23) A. The unknown element is
____.
A. L = 0.04 H
C. C = 10 F
B. L = 0.02 H
D. C = 5 F
377. An impedance of 3 j3 is connected in parallel with 5 + j2 . The voltmeter
connected across 3 resistance measures 45 V. Calculate the total current
of the circuit.
A. 22.4 A
C. 13.4 A
B. 41.3 A
D. 7.91 A
378. Two impedances ZA = 4 + j6 and ZB are connected in parallel. The
apparent power for the impedance B is 1490 VA. Determine the total
apparent power.
A. 4250 VA
C. 2652 VA
B. 3290 VA
D. 8031 VA
379. A feeder supplies two loads, one at 50 amperes at 50% power factor, the
other 150 amperes at unity power factor. The total current supplied by the
feeder is approximately ____.
A. 180 A
C. 175 A
B. 200 A
D. 150 A
380. A fluorescent lamp and its inductive ballast draw a 1.0 A current at 50%
lagging power factor from a 120-V, 60-Hz source. What is the over-all power
factor when a 26.5 F capacitor is connected across the fixture?
A. 0.832 lagging
C. 0.5 leading
B. 0.832 leading
D. 0.5 lagging
381. Ten impedances connected in parallel draw the following individual current:
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
. What
is the effective value of the total current?
A. 48.444 A
C. 25.345 A
B. 34.255 A
D. 84.389 A

382. Ten impedances connected in parallel draw the following individual current:
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
.What
is the equivalent impedance that could replace the impedances if the source
voltage is 100 sin 150t V?
A.

C.

B.

D.

383. Ten impedances connected in parallel draw the following individual current:
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
. What
is the equivalent power factor of the circuit?
A. 0.924
C. 0.707
B. 0.866
D. 0.876
384. Ten impedances connected in parallel draw the following individual current:
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
.What
element should be connected across the circuit so that the current would be
in phase with the source?
A. 54 mH
C. 13 mH
B. 25.4 mH
D. 31 mH
385. A small single-phase, 240 V induction motor is tested in parallel with 160
resistor. The motor takes 2 amperes and the total current is 3 amperes. What
is the power of the whole circuit?
A. 800 W
C. 220 W
B. 360 W
D. 580 W
386. A capacitor is placed in parallel with two inductive loads, one of 20 A at 30
lagging and another of 40 A at 60 lagging. What current in amperes should
flow in the capacitor so that the circuit will have a unity power factor?
A. 35.8 A
C. 28.8 A
B. 44.6 A
D. 50.2 A
387. A coil of 10 resistance and 0.1 H inductance is connected in parallel with a
capacitor of unknown capacitance. If the total impedance of the combination
is 100 , determine the value of the capacitance.
A. 50 F
C. 150 F
B. 100 F
D. 200 F
388. An impedance equal to
is connected across a 220 V source. What
should be the value of the second impedance in parallel with the first, if the
total power delivered to the circuit is to be 16.5 kW and the overall power
factor is to be unity?
A.

C.

B.

D.

389. An inductive reactance of 8 ohms is connected in parallel with a capacitive


reactance of 18 ohms. This combination is then connected in series with a
variable resistance. For what value of resistance will the power factor be
0.5?
A. 8.314
C. 13.81
B. 3.318
D. 1.381
390. Two impedances Z1 = 3 + j4 and Z2 = 5 j8.66 ohms respectively are
connected in parallel. If the combination is connected across a 240 V AC
source, how much is the total current?
A. 44.4 A
C. 40.6 A
B. 42.1 A
D. 39.9 A

C.
D.

397. When a parallel ac circuit contains a number of branches, then it is


convenient to solve the circuit by
A. phasor diagram
B. phasor algebra
C. equivalent impedance method
D. none of the above
398. The power taken by the circuit shown in Fig. 13.1 is
IT

391. A resistance of 20 ohms and an unknown capacitance are connected in


parallel across a 110 V, variable frequency AC source. When the frequency
is 60 Hz, the current drawn by the circuit is 6 A. At what frequency will the
current drawn fall to 5.8 A?
A. 42. 33 Hz
C. 46.02 Hz
B. 50.12 Hz
D. 44.18 Hz
392. Two parallel branches have admittances 0.3 + j0.4 and 0.2 j0.25 S,
respectively. If the current in the first branch is 10 A, determine the total
current supplied to the parallel combination.
A. 10.44 A
C. 15.32 A
B. 12.10 A
D. 11.24 A

appliances have same current ratings


this arrangement occupies less space

Fig. 13.1

A.
B.

470 W
1920 W

C.
D.

396. Domestic appliances are connected in parallel across ac mains because


A. it is a simple arrangement
B. operation of each appliance becomes independent of each other

1200 W
none of these

399. The active component of line current in Fig. 13.1 is


IT

395. The impedances of two parallel branches of a circuit are (10 + j10) and (10
j10) respectively. The impedance of the parallel combination is
A. 20 + j0
C. 5 j5
B. 10 + j0
D. 0 j20

R=
30

XL =
30

240 V

393. An inductive reactance of 3 ohms is connected in parallel with a capacitive


reactance of 4 ohms. If the combination is connected in series with a 4 ohm
resistance, solve for the power factor of the whole combination.
A. 0.333
C. 0.567
B. 0.409
D. 0.316
394. An R-L circuit has Z = (6 + j8) ohm. Its susceptance is ____ siemens.
A. 0.06
C. 0.1
B. 0.08
D. -0.08

IR

IL

240 V

IR

IL

R=
30

XL =
30

Fig. 13.1

A.
B.

8A
4A

C.
D.

5.3 A
none of these

400. The power factor of the circuit shown in Fig. 13.1 is

IT

IT

IR

IL

R=
30

XL =
30

240 V

IL

XL =
40

240 V

0.707 lagging
0.5 lagging

C.
D.

0.866 lagging
none of these

401. The total line current drawn by the circuit shown in Fig. 13.1 is
IT

A.
B.

6A
3A

C.
D.

IT

IL

IR
XL =
40

240 V

R=
30

XL =
30

240 V

XC =
80

13 A
4A

404. The line current drawn by the circuit shown in Fig. 13.2 is

IR

IL

IC
R=
60

Fig. 13.2

Fig. 13.1

A.
B.

IR

IC
R=
60

XC =
80

Fig. 13.2

Fig. 13.1

A.
B.

A
16 A

C.
D.

A
none of these

A.
B.

13 A
6A

C.
D.

5A
none of these

405. The power factor of the circuit shown in Fig. 13.2 is

402. The power consumed in the circuit shown in Fig. 13.2 is


IT
IT
240 V

IL

IR
XL =
40

IC
R=
60

XC =
80

240 V

IL

IR
XL =
40

IC
R=
60

XC =
80

Fig. 13.2
Fig. 13.2

A.
B.

480 W
960 W

C.
D.

1200 W
none of these

403. The active component of line current in Fig. 13.2 is

A.
B.

0.8
0.5

C.
D.

0.707
none of these

406. The impedance of the circuit shown in Fig. 13.2 is

IT

IL

IR
XL =
40

240 V

IT

IC
R=
60

I2
R1 = 4

XC =
80

120 V

R2 = 3

I1
XL = 3

XC = 4

Fig. 13.2

A.
B.

180 ohms
24 ohms

C.
D.

48 ohms
none of these

407. The circuit shown in Fig. 13.2 is


IT

IL

IR
XL =
40

240 V

A.
B.

8400 W
3600 W

C.
D.

XC =
80

IT

XL = 3

C.
D.

inductive
in resonance

408. If in Fig. 13.2, XL is made equal to XC, the line current will be
IT
240 V

IL

IR
XL =
40

R2 = 3

I1

Fig. 13.2

resistive
capacitive

I2
R1 = 4

120 V

A.
B.

IC
R=
60

XC =
80

24 A
70 A

C.
D.

IT

Fig. 13.2

C.
D.

48 A
30 A

411. The circuit shown in Fig. 13.3 is

120 V

10 A
6A

XC = 4

Fig. 13.3

A.
B.

I2
R1 = 4

A.
B.

4000 W
none of these

410. If the circuit shown in Fig. 13.3 is connected to 120 V dc, the current drawn
by the circuit is

IC
R=
60

Fig. 13.3

XL = 3

4A
none of these

409. The power consumed in the circuit shown in Fig. 13.3 is

R2 = 3

I1
XC = 4

Fig. 13.3

A.
B.

capacitive
inductive

C.
D.

resistive
in resonance

412. If the source frequency of Fig. 13.4 is low, then

IT

IT
R
V

I1

100 V

I2

R=
3

I1

I2

XC =
4

XL =
4

Fig. 13.5

Fig. 13.4

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.

coil takes a high lagging current


coil takes a low lagging current
capacitor takes a leading current
circuit offers high impedance

1200 W
2400 W

C.
D.

500 W
none of these

416. If the admittance of a parallel ac circuit is increased, the circuit current


A. remains constant
C. is increased
B. is decreased
D. none of these

413. If the source frequency of Fig. 13.4 is high, then

417. The admittance of the circuit shown in Fig. 13.6 is


IT

R=6
R

I1

I2

XL = 8

Fig. 13.6

Fig. 13.4

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.

coil takes a high lagging current


capacitor takes a high leading current
capacitor takes a low leading current
circuit offers high impedance

10 S
14 S

C.
D.

0.1 S
none of these

418. The conductance of the circuit shown in Fig. 13.6 is


R=6

414. The circuit shown in Fig. 13.5 is


IT
100 V

XL = 8
R=
3

I1

I2
XL =
4

XC =
4

Fig. 13.5

A.
B.

in resonance
resistive

C.
D.

inductive
capacitive

415. The circuit shown in Fig. 13.5 will consume a power of

Fig. 13.6

A.
B.

14 S
0.6 S

C.
D.

0.06 S
none of these

419. The inductive susceptance of the circuit shown in Fig. 13.6 is

A.
B.

R=6

8S
0.8 S

C.
D.

425. The admittance of a circuit is (0.1 + j0.8) S. The circuit is


A. resistive
C. inductive
B. capacitive
D. none of these

0.08 S
none of these

G=
0.01 S

-B

Fig. 13.7

A.
B.

resistive
inductive

C.
D.

capacitive
none of these

421. The power loss in the circuit shown in Fig. 13.7 is

100 V

G=
0.01 S

-B

Fig. 13.7

A.
B.

100 W
10,000 W

100 ohms
none of these

424. The conductance and inductive susceptance of a circuit have the same
magnitude. The power factor of the circuit is
A. 1
C. 0.707
B. 0.5
D. 0.866

420. The circuit shown in Fig. 13.7 is

100 V

C.
D.

XL = 8

Fig. 13.6

A.
B.

10 ohms
1 ohm

C.
D.

10 W
none of these

422. The conductance and susceptance components of admittance are


A. series elements
B. parallel elements
C. series-parallel elements
D. none of the above
423. The impedance of a circuit is 10 ohms. If the inductive susceptance is 1
siemen, then inductive reactance of the circuit is

426. In a parallel ac circuit, power loss is due to


A. conductance alone
B. susceptance alone
C. both conductance and susceptance
D. none of the above
427. The admittance of a parallel circuit is
S. The circuit is
A. inductive
C. resistive
B. capacitive
D. none of these
428. A circuit have an impedance of (1 j2) ohms. The susceptance of the circuit
is
A. 0.1 S
C. 0.4 S
B. 0.2 S
D. none of these
429. A circuit has admittance of 0.1 S and conductance of 0.08 S. The power
factor of the circuit is
A. 0.1
C. 0.08
B. 0.8
D. none of these
430. When an sinusoidal voltage is applied across R-L parallel circuit so that R =
XL the phase angle will be
A. 45 lagging
C. 90 lagging
B. 45 leading
D. 90 leading
431. In a parallel R-L circuit if IR is the current in resistor and IL is the current in the
inductor, then
A. IR lags IL by 90
C. IL leads IR by 270
B. IR leads IL by 270
D. IL lags IR by 90
432. The current read by the ammeter A in the ac circuit shown is the given figure
is

1A

A.
B.

9A
5A

C.
D.

3A

5A

3A
1A

YR

A.
B.

1.5 + j-.5
5 j18

C.
D.

YL

YC

A.
B.

0.5 + j1.8
5 j12

434. For the circuit shown in the figure, how much the voltage across the inductor
leads the voltage across the capacitor?

60
-j120
j60

1+j
1 + j0

C.
D.

2-j
0 + j0

437. For the network shown in the given figure Z(0) = 3 and Z() = 2 . The
values of R1 and R2 will respectively be

E 100 V

433. In the given figure, the admittance values of the elements in siemens are Y R
= 0.5 + j0, YL = 0 j1.5 and YC = 0 + j0.3 respectively. The value of I as a
phasor when the voltage E across the elements is V is

v(t) = 120 sin t

R1

Z(s)

A.
B.

2 , 1
1 , 2

1F

C.
D.

3 , 2
2 , 3

438. The total impedance Z(j) of the circuit shown is

E
= 2 rad/s

0.5 F

V 20

17/6

-j4

A.
B.

45
90

C.
D.

135
180

435. In the circuit shown in the figure, v = cos 2t, Z2 = 1 + j. C1 is chosen so that i
= cos 2t. The value of C1 is
I
VS

A.
B.

2F
1F

1F

R2

C1

C.
D.

Z2

0.5 F
0.25 F

436. For the given ac circuit, what is the value of I?

A.
B.

6 + j0
7 + j0

C.
D.

j4

0 + j8
6 + j8

439. A resistance of 40 ohms and an inductive reactor of 30 ohms are joined in


parallel to a 120 volts supply as shown in the figure. The power factor of the
circuit is

I1

R = 40

I2

X = 30

447. In an ac circuit with only parallel inductors


A. IT lags VT by 90
C. VT and IT are in phase
B. VT lags IT by 90
D. none of the above

120 volts

A.
B.

0.6
0.7

440. In a parallel RC circuit,


A. IC lags IR by 90
B. IR and IC are in phase

446. When the frequency of the applied voltage increases in a parallel RL circuit
A. Z increases
C. ZT increases
B. ZT decreases
D. both A and C

C.
D.

0.8
unity

C.
D.

IC leads IR by 90
IR leads IC by 90

441. In a parallel RC circuit,


A. VC and IR are in phase
B. VC and IC are in phase
C. IC and IR are in phase
D. VC and IR are 90 out of phase
442. When the frequency of the applied voltage increases in a parallel RC circuit
A. the phase angle, T, increases
B. ZEQ increases
C. ZEQ decreases
D. both A and C
443. In a parallel RL circuit,
A. iL lags iR by 90
B. iL leads iR by 90
C. iL and iR are in phase
D. iR lags iL by 90
444. In a parallel RL circuit,
A. VT and IL are in phase
B. IL and IR are in phase
C. VT and IR are in phase
D. VT and IR are 90 out of phase
445. When the frequency of the applied voltage decreases in a parallel RL circuit
A. the phase angle, I, becomes less negative
B. ZEQ increases
C. ZEQ decreases
D. both A and B

448. In a parallel ac circuit with XL and XC


A. IL and IC are 90 out of phase
B. IL and IC are in phase
C. IL and IC are 180 out of phase
D. XL and XC are 90 out of phase
D. RESONANCE
449. REE Board Exam October 2000
A series circuit consists of a 20-ohm resistance, a 150 mH inductance and an
unknown capacitance. The circuit is supplied with a voltage v = 100 sin 377t.
Find the value of capacitance at resonance.
A. 42 F
C. 34.65 F
B. 47 F
D. 72.57 F
450. REE Board Exam April 2001
A 5 mH pure inductance is connected in parallel with one microfarad
capacitor. What frequency will the circuit be antiresonance?
A. 250 Hz
C. 60 Hz
B. 2250 Hz
D. 100 Hz
451. EE Board Exam April 1993
Capacitor of 30-microfarad capacitance is in series with a coil across an
8,000 cycle supply. What inductance is required for resonance?
A. 13.34 H
C. 13.19 H
B. 10.45 H
D. 12.55 H
452. REE Board Exam October 1998
One leg of a radio tuned circuit has a capacitance of 1 x 10 -9 F. It is tuned at
200 kHz. What is the inductance of the other leg in Henry?
A. 6.33 x 10-4
C. 8.25 x 10-5
B. 20 x 10-3
D. 120 x 10-3
453. EE Board Exam April 1988
A loud speaker whose inductance is 1.15 Henry is coupled to a power tube
through a condenser of 2 F capacity. To what frequency will the
combination be resonant?

A.
B.

110 Hz
108 Hz

C.
D.

105 Hz
100 Hz

454. REE Board Exam April 1995


What capacitance must be placed in series with an inductance of 0.05 Henry
so that at 100 Hz, the impedance becomes equal to the ohmic resistance?
A. 50.7 F
C. 70.7 F
B. 35.5 F
D. 87.0 F
455. EE Board Exam April 1989
A coil has a resistance of 50 ohms and a reactance of 100 ohms, is shunted
by a capacitor, which has practically no losses in order that the voltage
across the coil be in phase with the total current supplied to the parallel
combination. What is the impedance of the parallel combination under the
given condition?
A. 250 ohms
C. 230 ohms
B. 200 ohms
D. 220 ohms
456. EE Board Exam April 1983
A non-inductive resistor R is connected in parallel with an inductive
reactance of 10 ohms. The combination is then connected in series with a
capacitive reactance of 5 ohms. Solve for R at which the power factor of the
given circuit would be unity.
A. 10
C. 13
B. 12
D. 11
457. EE Board Exam October 1982
Two impedances Z1 = 15 + j20 and Z2 = 5 jXC are connected in parallel.
Solve for the values of XC so that the total current drawn by the combination
will be in phase with any supply voltage V.
A. 28.54
C. 33.12
B. 30.43
D. 29.55
458. EE Board Exam April 1985
A resistance of 5 ohms is connected in series with a capacitor of 442.1 F.
The combination is then connected in parallel with an inductance of 21.22
mH. Solve for the frequency of the impressed voltage with which the
inductive reactance is equal to the capacitive reactance in magnitude.
A. 50 Hz
C. 52 Hz
B. 51 Hz
D. none of these
459. EE Board Exam April 1989
A coil has a resistance of 50 ohms and a reactance of 100 ohms, is shunted
by a capacitor, which has practically no losses. What must be the reactance

of the capacitor in order that the voltage across the coil is in phase with the
total current supplied to the parallel combination?
A. 120 ohms
C. 125 ohms
B. 127 ohms
D. 132 ohms
460. EE Board Exam April 1982
Three impedances Za, Zb and Zc are connected in parallel. If at 60 Hz, Za =
j8, Zb = -j2 and Zc = 5 ohms, Solve for the frequency at resonance.
A. 30 Hz
C. 36 Hz
B. 34 Hz
D. 28 Hz
461. EE Board Exam April 1981
A resistor R is connected in parallel with a 20-ohm inductive reactive. The
combination is then connected in series with a 5-ohm capacitive reactance.
Solve the value of R at which the power factor of the resultant impedance is
unity.
A. 10.05 ohms
C. 11.55 ohms
B. 9.15 ohms
D. 10.73 ohms
462. EE Board Exam October 1998
A coil has a resistance of 50 ohms and a reactance of 70 ohms. A capacitor
is connected in parallel to produce resonance. The source voltage is 120 V.
What is the power drawn by the circuit?
A. 162 W
C. 132 W
B. 97 W
D. 52 W
463. EE Board Exam April 1995
A coil is supplied with 200 volts and takes a current (rms) of 2 amperes at
0.707 lagging. The quality factor (Q) of the coil is
A. 25
C. 10
B. 1
D. 100
464. EE Board Exam October 1998
In a series resonant RLC circuit, all of the following statements are correct
EXCEPT one. Which one is this?
A. The resonant frequency is dependent on the resistance of the circuit.
B. The phase angle between the voltage and the current vectors is zero.
C. The impedance is a minimum.
D. The current is a maximum.
465. EE Board Exam April 1994, October 1993
The current in RLC series circuit at resonance is
A. maximum
C. minimum
B. zero
D. infinity

466. ECE Board Exam April 2001


Ignoring the capacitive effects, what is the impedance of a 100 mH coil (with
an internal resistance of 45 ohms) in parallel with 4,700 ohms resistor at a
frequency of 500 Hz?
A. 317 ohms
C. 5014 ohms
B. 237 0hms
D. 314 ohms
467. ECE Board Exam November 1996
____ frequency is reached when the capacitive and inductive reactance in a
tuned circuit are equal.
A. zero
C. infinite
B. pulsating
D. resonant
468. ECE Board Exam November 1998
Find the Q of a circuit when the resonant frequency is 4.468 MHz, the
inductance is 47 microhenry and the resistance is 180 ohms parallel.
A. 0.136
C. 0.00735
B. 13.30
D. 7.35
469. ECE Board Exam November 2000
In an IDEAL resonant circuit, what is the relationship between the current
and the impedance?
A. current high, impedance low
B. current low, impedance low
C. current low, impedance high
D. current high, impedance high
470. ECE Board Exam November 1997
What condition does resonance occurs in an electrical circuit?
A. When the power factor is at minimum
B. When the square root of the sum of the capacitive and inductive
reactances is to the resonant frequency
C. When the inductive and capacitive reactances are equal
D. none of the above
471. ECE Board Exam November 2001
What is the relationship between frequency and the value of XC?
A. frequency has no effect
B. XC varies directly with frequency
C. XC varies inversely with frequency
D. XC varies indirectly with frequency
472. ECE Board Exam April 2001
When is the line current minimum in a parallel LC circuit?
A. at the broadcast frequency

B.
C.
D.

at the circuit frequency


at the resonant frequency
at the highest frequency

473. ECE Board Exam November 1999


Find the half-power bandwidth of a parallel resonant circuit which has a
resonant frequency of 7.1 MHz and Q of 150.
A. 16.5 kHz
C. 21.1 kHz
B. 211 kHz
D. 47.3 kHz
474. ECE Board Exam November 1997
It is the term for the phenomena which occurs in an electrical circuit when
the inductive reactance balances with the capacitive reactance.
A. reactive equilibrium
C. reactive quiescence
B. resonance
D. high Q
475. ECE Board Exam April 1998
What is the resonant frequency of a circuit when L of 25 microhenrys and C
of 10 picofarads are in parallel?
A. 68.7 kHz
C. 68.7 MHz
B. 10.1 kHz
D. 10.1 MHz
476. ECE March 1996
What is the effect in terms of bandwidth when the Q of a single-tuned stage
is doubled?
A. halved
C. doubled
B. the same
D. four times
477. ECE Board Exam November 1999
If you need an LC circuit to be resonant at 2,500 Hz and use a 150 mH coil,
what should the capacitance value be?
A. 0.015 F
C. 27 F
B. 0.15 F
D. 0.027 F
478. ECE Board Exam April 1999
What is the resonant frequency of a circuit when L is 40 microhenrys and C
is 6 picofarads are in series?
A. 6.63 MHz
C. 6.63 kHz
B. 10.3 MHZ
D. 10.3 kHz
479. ECE Board Exam April 1998
What is the resonant frequency of a circuit when L of 3 microhenrys and C of
40 picofarads are in series?
A. 14.5 MHz
C. 1.33 kHz
B. 1.33 MHz
D. 14.5 kHz

480. ECE Board Exam November 2001


____ refers to reactive power.
A. power consumed in circuit Q
B. power consumed in wire resistance in an inductor
C. wattles, non-productive power
D. power lost because of capacitor leakage
481. ECE Board Exam November 1998
How do you call the nature of a circuit during series resonance?
A. unstable
C. resistive
B. capacitive
D. inductive
482. ECE Board Exam April 1999
What is the resonant frequency of a circuit when L is 200 microhenrys and C
is 10 picofarads are in series?
A. 7.96 MHz
C. 3.56 MHz
B. 6 MHz
D. 7.96 kHz
483. ECE Board Exam April 2000
In a series resonant LC circuit, what is the impedance at resonant
frequency?
A. Infinity
B. Determined solely by the dc resistance
C. The maximum impedance value
D. Zero
484. ECE Board Exam April 1999
What is the characteristic of the current flow in a parallel R-L-C circuit at
resonance?
A. The current circulating in the parallel elements is dc
B. The current circulating in the parallel elements is zero
C. The current circulating in the parallel elements is at a maximum
D. The current circulating in the parallel elements is at a minimum
485. ECE Board Exam March 1996
What is the responsible for the phenomenon when voltages across
reactances in series can often be larger than the voltage applied to them?
A. Capacitance
C. Conductance
B. Resistance
D. Resonance
486. ECE Board Exam March 1996
Term used for resonance in an electrical circuit.
A. The frequency at which power factor is at a minimum
B. The frequency at which capacitive reactance equals inductive reactances

C.
D.

The highest frequency that will pass current


The lowest frequency that will pass current

487. ECE Board Exam November 1998


Ignoring any effects of dc resistance, what is the total reactance of a 250 mH
coil in series with a 4.7 F capacitor at a signal frequency of 1000 Hz?
A. 1604
C. 1536
B. 35
D. 1570
488. ECE Board Exam November 1996
The _____ the Q of a circuit, the narrower is its bandwidth.
A. Lower
C. Higher
B. Broader
D. Selective
489. ECE Board Exam March 1996
Find the half-power bandwidth of a resonant circuit which has a resonant
frequency of 1.8 MHz and a Q of 95.
A. 58.7 kHz
C. 189 Hz
B. 18.9 kHz
D. 1.89 kHz
490. ECE Board Exam November 1998
What is the resonant frequency of a circuit when L is 5 microhenrys and C is
9 picofarads are in series?
A. 23.7 kHz
C. 23.7 MHz
B. 3.54 kHz
D. 3.54 MHz
491. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Find the half-power bandwidth of a parallel resonant circuit which has a
resonant frequency of 3.6 MHz and a Q of 218.
A. 58.7 kHz
C. 16.5 kHz
B. 606 kHz
D. 47.3 kHz
492. ECE Board Exam November 1998
What is the resonant frequency of a circuit when L is 3 microhenrys and C is
40 picofarads are in parallel?
A. 14.5 kHz
C. 14.5 MHz
B. 13.1 kHz
D. 13.1 MHz
493. ECE Board Exam November 1998
What is the resonant frequency of a circuit when L is 15 microhenry and C is
5 picofarads are in series?
A. 2.12 kHz
C. 18.4 kHz
B. 18.4 MHz
D. 2.12 MHz
494. ECE Board Exam November 1998

What is the resonant frequency of a circuit when L is 2 microhenry and C is


15 picofarads are in series?
A. 29.1 MHz
C. 29.1 kHz
B. 5.31 MHz
D. 5.31 kHz
495. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Characteristic of the current flow in a series R-L-C circuit at resonance
A. it is zero
B. it is dc
C. it is at a maximum
D. it is at a minimum
496. ECE Board Exam April 2001
What is the term for the number of times per second that a tank circuit
energy is stored in the inductor of capacitor?
A. Non-resonant frequency
B. Broadcast frequency
C. Circuit frequency
D. Resonant frequency
497. ECE Board Exam November 1995
An LC circuit resonates at 2000 kHz, and has a Q of 100. Find the lower and
upper cut-off frequencies.
A. 1950 kHz, 2050 kHz
C. 1980 kHz, 2020 kHz
B. 1990 kHz, 2010 kHz
D. 1900 kHz, 2100 kHz
498. ECE Board Exam November 1998
What is the resonant frequency of a circuit when L is 50 microhenrys and C
is 10 picofarads are in parallel?
A. 3.18 kHz
C. 7.12 MHz
B. 3.18 MHz
D. 7.12 kHz
499. ECE Board Exam November 1999
What is the cause of a minimum Q on a single-tuned LC circuit?
A. Decreased shunt resistor
B. Decreased capacitance
C. Increased shunt resistor
D. Decreased series resistor
500. ECE Board Exam November 1998
____ is another term for quality factor or Q of the resonant circuit.
A. Noise factor
C. White noise
B. Noise figure
D. Figure of merit
501. ECE Board Exam November 2000

What is the biggest advantage of using crystals in resonant circuits?


A. less fragile
B. cost
C. size
D. greater accuracy and stability
502. ECE Board Exam April 2001
What is the impedance of a crystal at its resonant frequency when it is used
in the parallel mode?
A. 70 percent
C. minimum
B. 50 percent
D. maximum
503. ECE Board Exam April 1998
_____ is a parallel LC circuit.
A. Hartley circuit
B. Static circuit
C. Tank circuit
D. Parallel resisting circuit
504. There will ____ be a frequency, called the ____ frequency at which ____.
A. sometimes, natural; XL = XC
B. always, natural; R = 0
C. always, resonant; XL = XC
D. sometimes, resonant; R = 0
505. The formula for the resonant frequency is f = ____.
A.
C.

B.
D.

506. For a series RLC circuit, a circuit at resonance the current amplitude is ____
for a fixed voltage amplitude and the power factor is ____.
A. minimum, zero
C. maximum, zero
B. minimum, unity
D. maximum, unity
507. In an RLC circuit, the impedance at resonance is
A. maximum
C. infinity
B. minimum
D. zero
508. The current in RLC series circuit, i.e., at resonance is
A. maximum
C. infinity
B. minimum
D. zero
509. In RLC circuits, the current at resonance is
A. the maximum in series circuit and minimum in parallel circuit
B. maximum in parallel circuit and minimum in series circuit

C.
D.

maximum in both the circuits


minimum in both the circuits

510. A series resonant circuit is capacitive at f = 100 Hz. The circuit will be
inductive somewhere at
A. f = 100 Hz
B. f > 100 Hz
C. f = 100 Hz by increasing the value of the resistance
D. none of these
511. At a frequency less than the resonant frequency
A. series circuit is capacitive and parallel circuit is inductive
B. series circuit is inductive and parallel circuit is capacitive
C. both circuits are inductive
D. both circuits are capacitive
512. In series as well as parallel resonant circuits, increasing the value of
resistance would lead to
A. increase in the bandwidth of both the circuits
B. decrease in the bandwidth of both the circuits
C. increase in bandwidth in series circuit and decrease in parallel circuit
D. decrease in bandwidth in series circuit and increase in parallel circuit
513. The value of current at resonance in a series RLC circuit is affected by the
value of
A. R
C. C
B. L
D. all of these
514. In resonant circuits, the power factor at resonance is
A. zero
C. 1
B. 0.5
D. 0.707
515. Which of the following statements is true for a series RLC circuit tuned at
resonant frequency?
A. the voltage across C > applied voltage
B. the voltage across L > applied voltage
C. the voltage across L and C > applied voltage
D. the voltage across L and C = applied voltage
516. At anti-resonance for the given circuit, the frequency is given by

A.
B.

R1

R2

C.
D.

517. The frequency at which maximum voltage occurs the inductance in RLC
series circuits is
A.
B.

C.

D.

518. The frequency at which maximum voltage occurs across the capacitance in
RLC series circuits is
A.

B.

C.

D.

519. If f1 and f2 are half power frequencies and f0 be resonance frequency, the
selectivity of RLC series circuit is given by
A.

C.

B.

D.

520. To a series RLC circuit, a voltage of 10 V is applied. If Q of the coil at


resonant frequency is 20, the voltage across the inductor at resonant
frequency will be
A. 200 V
C. 75 V
B. 100 V
D. 50 V
521. The currents flowing in L and C at parallel resonance are
A. zero
C. infinite

B.

equal

D.

different

522. The exact natural frequency of free oscillation in an oscillatory circuit with
capacitance of 0.055 F, inductance 2 H and resistance 1 ohm will be
A. 478 kHz
C. 272 kHz
B. 337 kHz
D. 192 kHz
523. A coil with large distributed capacitance has a
A. low resistance
B. low Q
C. low resonant frequency
D. high resonant frequency
524. In a series R-L-C circuit, resonance occurs when
A. R = XL - XC
C. XL = 10 XC or more
B. XL = XC
D. net X > R

531. In a parallel resonant circuit there is practically no difference between the


condition for unity power factor and the condition for maximum impedance so
long as Q is
A. very small of the order of 5
B. small of the order of 20
C. large of the order of 1000
D. none of these
532. A parallel AC circuit in resonance will
A. act like a resistor of low value
B. have a high impedance
C. have current in each section equal to the line current
D. have a high voltage developed across each inductive and capacitive
section

525. The p.f. of a series R-L-C circuit at its half-power point is


A. unity
C. leading
B. lagging
D. either B and C

533. A parallel resonant circuit can be used


A. to amplify certain frequencies
B. to reject a small band of frequencies
C. as a high impedance
D. both B and C

526. A resonance curve for a series circuit is a plot of frequency versus ____.
A. voltage
C. current
B. impedance
D. reactance

534. The Q-factor of a 2-branched parallel circuit is given by the ratio


A. Ic/IL
C. I/IL
B. I/Ic
D. L/C

527. At half-power points of a resonance curve, the current is ____ times the
maximum current.
A. 2
C.
B.
D. 1/2

535. Like a resonant R-L-C, a parallel resonant circuit also


A. has a power factor of unity
B. offers minimum impedance
C. draws maximum current
D. magnifies current

528. Higher the Q of a series circuit,


A. greater its bandwidth
B. sharper its resonance
C. broader its resonance curve
D. narrower its pass band
529. As the Q-factor of a circuit ____, its selectivity becomes ____.
A. increases, better
C. decreases, better
B. increases, worse
D. decreases, narrower
530. An R-L-C circuit has a resonance frequency of 160 kHz and a Q-factor of
100. Its bandwidth is
A. 1.6 kHz
C. 16 MHz
B. 0.625 kHz
D. none of the above

536. At resonant frequency an R-L-C circuit draws maximum current due to the
reason that
A. the difference between capacitive reactance and inductive reactance
B.
C.
D.

the impedance is more than resistance


the voltage across the capacitor equals the applied voltage
the power factor is less than unity

537. Consider the following statements with respect to a series R-L-C circuit
under resonance condition:
1. All the applied voltage appears across R.
2. There is no voltage across either L or C.
3. The voltage across L and C is equal and equal to their maximum
values.

Of these statement
A. 1 alone is correct
B. 2 alone is correct

C.
D.

1 and 3 are correct


1 and 2 are correct

538. A series R-L-C circuit will have unity power factor if operated at a frequency
of
A. 1/LC
C. 1/2LC
B.
D.

539. A series resonant circuit implies


A. zero pf and maximum current
B. unity pf and maximum current
C. unity pf and minimum current
D. zero pf and minimum current
540. Consider the following statements:
In a network of resonance:
1. the admittance is maximum
2. the power factor is unity irrespective of the network
3. the Q of a series RLC resonant circuit is independent of R
Of these statements
A. 1 and 3 are correct
C. 2 and 3 are correct
B. 1 and 2 are correct
D. 1 alone is correct
541. A circuit with a resistor, inductor and capacitor in series is resonant at f 0 Hz.
If all the component values are now doubled the new resonant frequency is
A. 2f0
C. f0/4
B. still f0
D. f0/2
542. If the resonant frequency of the circuit shown in Fig. 1 is 1 kHz, the resonant
frequency of the circuit shown in Fig. 2 will be
100

VR

VL

VC

50 V

A.
B.

2.14 mH
5.30 mH

C.
D.

31.8 mH
1.32 mH

544. In a series RLC circuit at resonance, the magnitude of voltage developed


across the capacitor
A. is always zero
B. can never be greater than the input voltage
C. can be greater than the input voltage however it is 90 out of phase with
the input voltage
D. can be greater than the input voltage and is in phase with the input
voltage
545. A coil having a resistance of 5 and inductance of 0.1 H is connected in
series with a capacitor of capacitance 50 F. A constant alternating voltage
of 200 V is applied to the circuit. The voltage across the coil at resonance is
A. 200 volts
C. 1,800 volts
B. 1,788 volts
D. 2,000 volts
546. A series R-L-C circuit, excited by a 100 V variable frequency supply, has a
resistance of 10 and an inductive reactance of 50 at 100 Hz. If the
resonance frequency is 500 Hz, what is the voltage across the capacitor at
resonance?
A. 100 V
C. 2,500 V
B. 500 V
D. 5,000 V
547. The resonant frequency of the given series circuit is
M=1H

Fig. 1
R

2H

C
L

A.
B.

4 kHz
2 kHz

2H

Hz

C.

Hz

D.

Hz
Hz

Fig. 2

A.
B.

2F

C.
D.

0.5 kHz
0.25 kHz

543. In the circuit shown in the given figure, the magnitude of V L and VC are twice
that of VR. The inductance of the coil is

548. In a series R-L-C circuit, the maximum voltage across the capacitor occurs
at a frequency
A. double the resonant frequency
B. equal to the resonant frequency
C. times the resonant frequency

D.

below the resonant frequency

549. For a series RLC circuit, the power factor at the lower power frequency is
A. 0.5 lagging
C. unity
B. 0.5 leading
D. 0.707 leading
550. Q-factor of a series RLC circuit possessing resonant frequency of 10 Hz and
bandwidth of 5 Hz is
A. 0.5
C. 2.5
B. 2
D. 50
551. The quality factor of RLC circuit will increase if
A. R decreases
B. R increases
C. voltage increases
D. voltage decreases
552. When Q-factor of a circuit is high, then
A. power factor of the circuit is high
B. impedance of the circuit is high
C. bandwidth is large
D. none of these
553. Consider the following statements regarding the frequency response curve of
a series RLC circuit:
1. At half-power frequencies, the current in the circuit is one half of the
current at resonant frequencies
2. At half-power frequencies, the power factor angle of the circuit is
45
3. At resonant frequency, the power factor angle of the circuit is 90
4. Maximum power occurs at resonant frequency
Of these statements
A. 1, 2 and 4 are correct
C. 2 and 4 are correct
B. 1, 2 and 3 are correct
D. 1 and 4 are correct
554. An RLC series circuit has f1 and f2 as the half power frequencies and f0 as
the resonant frequency. The Q-factor of the circuit is given by:
A.
C.
B.

D.

555. Resonant frequency fr of a series RLC circuit is related to half power


frequencies f1 and f2 as
A.
C.

B.

D.

556. A series RLC circuit has R = 50 , L = 100 H and C = 1 F. The lower half
power frequency of the circuit is
A. 30.55 kHz
C. 51.92 kHz
B. 3.055 kHz
D. 1.92 kHz
557. For a series RLC resonant circuit, what is the total reactance at the lower half
power frequency?
A.
C. R
B.
D. -R
558. A series RLC circuit when excited by a 10 V sinusoidal voltage source of
variable frequency, exhibits resonance at 100 Hz and has a 3 dB bandwidth
of 5 Hz. The voltage across the inductor L at resonance is
A. 10 V
C.

B.
D. 200 V
V
559. An RLC resonant circuit has a resonant frequency of 1.5 MHz and a
bandwidth of 10 kHz. If C = 150 pF, then the effective resistance of the circuit
will be
A. 29.5
C. 9.4
B. 14.75
D. 4.7
560. The following circuit resonates at
1F

4H
10

1F
+

A.
B.

all frequencies
0.5 rad/s

C.
D.

5 rad/s
1 rad/s

561. A choke coil of inductance L and series resistance R is shunted by a


capacitor. The dynamic impedance of the resonant circuit would be
A. R/(LC)
C. L/(RC)
B. C/(RL)
D. 1/(RLC)
562. For the following circuit, the current source is sinusoidal with frequency equal
to the resonant frequency of the circuit. What is the value of current through
resistor?

A.
B.

0
0.11

0.1 H

C.
D.

5
10

0.1 F

1
10.1

A.
B.

A.
B.

0A
10 A

C.
D.

R
IR

50 F

0.5 H

563. In the given circuit, at resonance IR amperes is equal to

5A

2H

125 mH
304.2 F

C.
D.

565. A parallel circuit consists of two branches. One branch has R L and L
connected in series and the other branch has RC and C connected in series.
Consider the following statements:
1. The two branch currents will be in quadrature if RLRC = L/C.
2. The impedance of the whole circuit is independent of frequency, if
RL = RC and
.
3. The circuit is in resonance for all the frequencies if RL = RC.
4. The two branch currents will be in phase at
.
Which of the above statements are correct?
A. 1 and 2
C. 1 and 3
B. 2 and 3
D. 3 and 4
566. The value of Z in given figure which is most appropriate to cause parallel
resonance at 500 Hz is

2 F
0.05 F

567. The value of the capacitance C in the given ac circuit to make it a constant
resistance circuit or for the supply current to be independent of its frequency
is

5A
0.5 A

564. A circuit has two parallel branches. In one branch, R and L are connected in
series while in the other R and C are connected in series. If
, which

of the following is not correct?


A. The circuit is in resonance.
B. The two branch currents are in quadrature.
C. The circuit has an impedance independent of its frequency.
D. The two branch currents are in phase.

A.
B.

1/16 F
1/12 F

C.
D.

1H

1/8 F
1/4 F

568. A coil takes apparent power and reactive power of 100 VA and 80 VAR,
respectively. What is the Q factor of the coil?
A. 1.33
C. 8
B. 10
D. 6
569. A 50 resistance, a 30 inductive reactance and a 25 capacitive
reactance are connected in series across a 100 V, 60 Hz supply. What will
be its resonant frequency?
A. 65.726 Hz
C. 25 Hz
B. 53 Hz
D. 54.77 Hz
570. A coil having a Q factor of 5 is connected in series with an ideal capacitor
across ac source of 60 V. Calculate the voltage across the capacitor at
resonance.
A. 150 V
C. 12 V
B. 300 V
D. 65 V
571. A coil having an inductance of 50 mH and a resistance 10 is connected in
series with a 25 F capacitor across a 200 V ac supply. Find the value of Q
factor?
A. 7.4
C. 3.54

B.

4.53

572. The following data are given


connected in parallel: XL = 15
the circuit be in resonance?
A. 169 ohms
B. 916 ohms

D.

4.47

for a series RL and a series RC which are


, XC = 25 , RC = 15 . For value of RL will
C.
D.

16.9 ohms
91.6 ohms

573. A circuit consisting of a capacitor in series with a resistance of 10 ohms is


connected in parallel with a coil having a reactance and resistance of 17.32
ohms and 10 ohms respectively. What is the reactance of the capacitor that
will draw minimum current from a 230-V, 60 Hz supply?
A. 17.32
C. 6.78
B. 10.32
D. 22.18
574. Series circuit consists of a 20-ohm resistance, a 150 mH inductance and an
unknown capacitance. The circuit is supplied with a voltage v = 100 sin 377t.
Find the value of capacitance at resonance.
A. 42 F
C. 47 F
B. 72.567 F
D. 34.65 F
575. A coil having a resistance of 0.5 ohm and an inductance of 5.25 mH is
connected in parallel with a capacitor across a 220 volt, 60 Hz source.
Calculate the value of the capacitance at resonance.
A. 125 microfarad
C. 125 millifarad
B. 1.25 microfarad
D. 1.25 millifarad
576. The current in an RL and C parallel circuit at resonance is
A. maximum
C. minimum
B. zero
D. infinity
577. A circuit draws 25 A when connected across a source of frequency f1.
Determine the current drawn by the same circuit at resonance if f 1 is half the
resonant frequency.
A. 12.5 A
C. 35.35 A
B. 17.68 A
D. 50 A
578. A series RLC circuit is connected across a 120-V, 60 Hz source and draws a
leading current of 5 A. Determine the voltage across the capacitor at
resonance if R = 5 and L = 25 mH.
A. 47.12 V
C. 236.6 V
B. 164.5 V
D. 422.6 V
579. The best definition of Q-factor of a coil is

A.

The ratio of its maximum energy stored to its energy dissipated per cycle

B.
C.
D.

Its power factor


The reciprocal of its reactive factor
The ratio of its resistance to its inductive reactance

580. A coil is to be wound with Q-factor of 8. A lamp rated 120 V, 480 W is


connected in series with the coil and connected across 230 V, 60 Hz source.
What is the impedance of the coil if the voltage across the lamp is
maintained at 120 V?
A.

C.

B.

D.

581. An inductive coil having a resistance of 25 ohms and inductance of 0.2 H is


connected in parallel with a 100 F capacitor. Find the frequency at which
the total current taken is in phase with the supply voltage.
A. 35.6 Hz
C. 29.5 Hz
B. 46.5 Hz
D. 52.9 Hz
582. The resonant frequency of an LC circuit is the frequency where
A. XL = 0 and XC = 0
B. XL = XC
C. XL and rS of the coil are equal
D. XL and XC are in phase
583. The impedance of a series LC circuit at resonance is
A. maximum
C. minimum
B. nearly infinite
D. both A and B
584. The total line current, IT, of a parallel LC circuit at resonance is
A. minimum
B. maximum
C. equal to IL and IC
D. Q times larger than IL or IC
585. The current at resonance in a series LC circuit is
A. zero
B. minimum
C. different in each component
D. maximum
586. The impedance of a parallel LC circuit at resonance is
A. zero
B. maximum
C. minimum

D.

equal to the rS of the coil

587. The phase angle of an LC circuit at resonance is


A. 0
C. 180
B. 90
D. -90
588. Below resonance, a series LC circuit appears
A. inductive
C. capacitive
B. resistive
D. none of the above
589. Above resonance, a parallel LC circuit appears
A. inductive
C. capacitive
B. resistive
D. none of the above
590. When either L or C is increased, the resonant frequency of an LC circuit
A. decreases
B. increases
C. doesnt change
D. This is impossible to determine.
591. In a low Q parallel resonant circuit, when XL = XC
A. IL = IC
C. IC is less than IL
B. IL is less than IC
D. IL is more than IC
592. To double the resonant frequency of an LC circuit with a fixed value of L, the
capacitance, C, must be
A. doubled
B. quadrupled
C. reduced by one-half
D. reduced by one-quarter
593. A higher Q for a resonant frequency provides a
A. dampened response curve
B. wider bandwidth
C. narrower bandwidth
D. none of the above
594. The Q of a parallel resonant circuit can be lowered by
A. placing a resistor in parallel with the tank
B. adding more resistance in series with the coil
C. decreasing the value of L or C
D. both A and B
595. The ability of an LC circuit to supply complete sine waves when the input to
the tank is only a pulse is called

A.
B.

tuning
the flywheel effect

C.
D.

anti-resonance
its Q

596. Which of the following can provide a higher Q?


A. a higher L/C ratio
B. a lower L/C ratio
C. more resistance in series with the coil
D. either B or C
597. A resonance curve for a series circuit is a plot of frequency versus ____.
A. voltage
C. current
B. impedance
D. reactance
598. At half-power points of a resonance curve, the current is ____ times the
maximum current.
A. 2
C.
B.
D. 1/2

599. A parallel resonant circuit can be used


A. to amplify certain frequencies
B. to reject a small band of frequencies
C. as a high impedance
D. both B and C
600. As the Q-factor of a circuit ____, its selectivity becomes ____.
A. increases, better
C. decreases, better
B. increases, worse
D. decreases, narrower
601. The half power frequency of, series RC circuit is
A. 1/RC
C. R/C
B. RC
D. C/R
602. For the given parallel resonant circuit, match the following:
A. I at resonance
1. W/R
B. IL
2. In phase with voltage
C. Dynamic impedance 3. L/CR
4. Lags the applied voltage
ABC
ABC
A. 4 2 3
C. 4 2 1
B. 2 4 3
D. 2 4 1
603. To increase the Q- factor of an inductor, it can be with
A. Thicker wire
B. Thinner wire
C. Longer wire

D.

Wire with heavy insulation

604. Given Z = jL + 1/jC; the magnitude of Z curve will be

A.
B.

Figure a
Figure b

C.
D.

Figure c
none of the above

605. The bandwidth of R.C series circuit is


A. 1/RC
C.
B. RC
D. none of the above
606. Consider the following statements: In a series RLC resonant circuit, the
bandwidth is
1. directly proportional to resonant frequency
2. Inversely proportional to resonant frequency
3. directly proportional to quality factor
4. Inversely proportional to quality factor
A. 2 & 3 are correct
C. 1 & 3 are correct
B. 2 & 4 are correct
D. 1 & 4 are correct
607. An RLC parallel resonant circuit has a resonance frequency of 1.5 MHz and
a bandwidth of 1 kHz. If C = 150 pF, then the effective resistance of the
circuit will be
A. 2.96 M
C. 9.5
B. 14.75
D. 4.7
608. The parallel RL circuit is having quality factor of Q1, when it is connected in
series with R, the new quality factor Q2 will be
A. Q2 > Q1
C. Q2 = Q1
B. Q2 < Q1
D. none of the above
609. In a series RLC circuit, as R increases
1. Bandwidth decreases
2. Bandwidth increases
3. Resonance frequency increases
4. Lower 3 dB decreases
5. Upper 3 dB increases
A. 2, 4 & 5 are correct
C. 2, 3, 4 are correct
B. 1, 4 & 5 are correct
D. none of the above

610. In a series RLC circuit, given R = 10 , L = 14 H, C = 1 F. Find damping


ratio.
A. 1.33
C. 0.5
B. 0.187
D. none of the above
611. The power factor of parallel RLC circuit at W > Wo is
A. < 1
C. > 1
B. =1
D. 0
612. The phase of even symmetric signal is
A. +90
C. 0
B. 90
D. 0 or 180
613. The power in a series R-L-C circuit will be half of that at resonance when the
magnitude of current is equal to
A. V/2R
C. V/ R
B. V/ R
D. V/R
614. In a series RLC high Q circuit, the current peaks at a frequency
A. f = fo
C. f < fo
B. f > fo
D. none of these
615. The given series resonant circuit
frequency of 20 MHz. It will
A. By pass all signals of 20
B. permit flow of signal of 20
time
C. Not produce any effect at 20
D. cause moderate attenuation
MHz

resonance

616. The half power frequency of


circuit is
A. R/L
C.
B. L/R
D.

series

at

MHz
MHz along the
MHz
of signal at 20
RL

2R/L
2L/R

617. In a series RLC circuit, the value of current at resonance is affected by the
value of
A. only L
C. both L & C
B. only C
D. only R
618. In a series RLC circuit at resonance with Q = 10, and with applied voltage of
100 mV at resonance frequency voltage across capacitor is
A. 100 mV
C. 10 mV

B.

1 volt

D.

10 volts

A.
B.

0.25
0.5

C.
D.

0.999
1.0

C.
D.

2
128

619. Find fR in the circuit shown.


625. Find Zin at resonance.

A.
B.

all frequencies
0.5 rad/ sec

C.
D.

5 rad / sec
1 rad/ sec

620. The parallel RLC circuit shown is in resonance.

A.
B.

1.28
12.8

626. For the series RLC circuit, the partial phasor diagram at a certain frequency
is shown, the operating frequency of the circuit is

A.
B.

|IR| < 1 mA
|IR + IL| >1 mA

C.
D.

|IR + IC| < 1 mA


|IL + IC| > 1 mA

621. A series RLC ckt has a Q of 100 and an impedance of (100 + j0) at its
resonance angular frequency of 107 rad| sec. The values of R & L are
A. R = 100 ; L = 1 mH
C. R = 100 ; L = 10 mH
B. R = 10 ; L = 10 mH
D. none of the above
622. The parallel RLC circuit having damping ratio p is connected in series with
same values, then series circuit damping ratio s is
A. 4p
C. p/4
B. 2p
D. p/2
623. A series LCR circuit consisting of R = 10, |XL| = 20 & |XC| = 20 is
connected across an a.c supply of 200 V rms. The rms voltage across the
capacitor is
A. 200 -90
C. 400 +90
B. 200 +90
D. 400 -90
624. At fR what is K?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Equal to resonant frequency


less than resonant frequency
Greater than resonant frequency
none of the above

627. In a series RLC circuit at resonance, the magnitude of the voltage developed
across the capacitor
A. is always zero
B. can never be greater than the input voltage
C. can be greater than the input voltage however, it is 90 out of phase with
the input voltage
D. can be greater than the input voltage and is in phase with the input
voltage.
628. A series RLC circuit when existed by a 10 V sinusoidal voltage source of
variable frequency, exhibits resonance at 100 HZ and has a 3dB band width
of 5 Hz. The voltage across the inductor L at resonance is
A. 10 V
C. 10/ V
B. 10 V
D. 200 V
629. A circuit with a resistor, inductor and capacitor in series is resonant at fR Hz.
If all the component values are now doubled, the new resonant frequency is

A.
B.

2 fR
still fR

C.
D.

fR/4
fR/2

630. A coil (series RL) has been designed for high Q performance at a rated
voltage and a specific frequency. If the frequency of operation is doubled,
and the coil is operated at the same rated voltage, then the Q factor and the
active power P consumed by the coil will be affected as follows
A. P is doubled, Q is halved
B. P is halved, Q is doubled
C. P remain constant, Q is doubled
D. P decreases 4 times, Q is doubled
631. A series RLC circuit has the following parameter values R = 10 , L = 0.01
H, C = 100 F. The Q factor of the circuit at resonance is
A. 1
C. 0.1
B. 10
D. none of the above
632. At resonance, the parallel circuit of given figure constituted by an iron-cored
coil and a capacitor, behaves like.

A.
B.

open circuit
short

C.
D.

pure resistance = R
pure resistance > R

633. Find L & C of a parallel RLC circuit to resonate at 1 rad/sec with a Q of 5 and
resistance of 1 ohm.
A. 1/5 H, 5 F
C. 1 H, 1 F
B. 5 H, 1/5 F
D. 5 H, 5 F
634. In a parallel RLC resonant circuit R = 10 k, C = 0. 47 F, the bandwidth will
be.
A. 212.76 rad/sec
C. 100 rad/sec
B. 2.12 x 1010 rad/sec
D. none of the above
635. A parallel resonate circuit (RP, L, &C) and a series resonant circuit (RS, L &
C) have the same Q. Find the relation between RP & RS
A. RS = Q2Rp
C. RP = RS
B. RP = Q2RS
D. none of the above

636. In a parallel resonant circuit, as R increases, the selectivity will be


A. Decreasing
C. Constant
B. Increasing
D. none of the above
637. In a series RLC circuit, the phasor form at some frequency is as shown, then
the frequency is

A.
B.
C.
D.

Less than W0
More than W0
equal to W0
none of the above

638. In a series RLC circuit, let Qc be the Q of the coil at resonance and let Qs =
(resonance frequency)/bandwidth, then
A. Qc and Qs are not related to each other
B. Qc > Qs
C. Qc < Qs
D. Qc = Qs
639. A coil is represented by an inductance L in parallel with a resistance R. The
Q of the coil at frequency w is
A. R/(L)
C. LR
B. L/ R
D. 1/(LR)
640. The half power bandwidth of a series RCL circuit is
A. R/L
C. 1/RC
B. L/RC
D. 0L/R
641. The Q of a parallel RLC circuit at its resonance frequency 0 is
A. 0L/R
C. 0RC
B. R/0C
D. 0LR
642. In a series R-L-C circuit below resonance, the current
A. lags behind the applied voltage
B. leads the applied voltage
C. is in phase with the voltage
D. leads or lags behind the applied voltage depending upon the actual
values of L and C

643. A high Q coil has


A. large bandwidth
B. high losses

C.
D.

low losses
flat response

651. The circuit shown acts as an ideal current source with respect to terminals
AB, when the frequency is

644. At a frequency below the resonant frequency ____ circuit is capacitive and
____ circuit.
A. series, parallel
C. parallel, parallel
B. parallel, series
D. series, series
645. In the following parallel circuit, resonance will never occur, if:

A.
B.
C.
D.

R12 = R22 = L/C


R12 < L/C
R22 > L/C and R12 < L/C
R12 > L/C and R22 > L/C

646. The circulating current in a parallel LC circuit at any resonant frequency is


A. Directly proportional to frequency
B. Inversely proportional to frequency
C. Independent of frequency
D. none of the above
647. In series RLC circuit excited by a voltage, e = E sin t, where LC < (1/2)
A. Current lags the applied voltage
B. current leads the applied voltage
C. current is in phase with the applied voltage
D. voltages across L and C are equal
648. A series RLC circuit has a resonance frequency of 1 kHz and a quality factor
Q = 100. If each of R, L and C is doubled from its original value, the new Q of
the circuit is
A. 25
C. 100
B. 50
D. 200

A.
B.

zero
1 rad/sec

C.
D.

4 rad/sec
16 rad/sec

652. A series RLC circuit is excited by an ac voltage v(t) = sin t. If L = 10 H and C


= 0.1 F, then the peak value of the voltage across R will be
A. 0.707
B. 1
C. 1.414
D. indeterminate as the value of R is not given
653. In a parallel RLC circuit, the current source (I) lags voltage across circuit (V)
if
A. wL > 1/wC
C. R > [wL + 1/wC]
B. wL < 1/wC
D. none of the above
654. At lower half power frequency the total reactance of the series RLC circuit is
A. R
C.
-45
B.
45
D. none of the above
655. In a parallel RLC circuit, the quality factor at a resonance is given by
A. R
C. 1/R
B. R
D. 1/R
656. A practical inductor can be replaced by the following equivalent circuit at low
to medium frequency.

649. What is the bandwidth of parallel RLC circuit at resonance?


A. RC
C. R/C
B. 1/RC
D. C/R
650. The current bandwidth of RC series circuit is
A. 1/RC
C.
B. RC
D. none of the above

A.
B.

Figure a
Figure b

C.
D.

Figure c
Figure d

657. A coil of wire has inductive impedance. At high frequencies the impedance
will be represented by

A.
B.

Figure a
Figure b

C.
D.

Figure c
Figure d

658. In a series RLC circuit R= 2 k, L = 1 H, and C = 1/ 400 microfarads. The


resonant frequency is
A. 2 x 104 Hz
C. 104 Hz
B. (1/) x 104 Hz
D. 2 x 104 Hz
659. In the circuit shown in the figure, Vs = Vm sin 2t and Z2 = 1 j. The value of C
is shown such that the current I is in phase with Vs. The value of C in farad is

A.
B.

1/4
1/2

C.
D.

2
4

660. The circuit shown has i(t) = 10 sin (120t). The power (time average power)
dissipated in R is when L = 1/120 H, C = 1/60 H, R = 1 ohm.

A.
B.

25 watts
100 watts

C.
D.

10/ watts
50 watts

661. The value of the capacitance C in the given ac circuit to make it a constant
resistance circuit or for the supply current to be independent of its frequency
is

A.
B.

1/16 F
1/12 F

C.
D.

1/8 F
F

662. A parallel RLC circuit has half power frequencies at 105 M rad/s and 95 M
rad/s. Then Q is given by
A. 10.5
C. 100
B. 9.5
D. 10
663. The system function H(s) = s/(s2 + 2s + 100). The resonant frequency and
the bandwidth in rad/s are given, respectively, by
A. 10, 1
C. 100, 2
B. 10, 2
D. 100, 1
E. POWER FACTOR CORRECTION (1-PHASE)
664. EE Board Exam October 1990
A single phase inductive load takes 50 kVA at 0.60 power factor lagging.
Solve for the kVAR of a capacitor required to improve the power factor to 1.0.
A. 30 kVAR
C. 22.5 kVAR
B. 20 kVAR
D. 40 KVAR
665. REE Board Exam March 1998
A single phase induction motor is rated 5 hp, 75% power factor and 220
volts. What approximate size of capacitor is necessary to raise the power
factor to about 95%?
A. 3 kVAR
C. 2.5 kVAR
B. 2 kVAR
D. 3.5 Kvar
666. EE Board Exam April 1984
A plant has a load of 290 kilowatt with an average power factor of 70%. The
owner requests you to correct the power factor to reduce its power
consumption. How much capacitor kVAR is required to increase the power
factor to 90%?
A. 152.46
C. 150.34
B. 155.39
D. 154.58
667. REE Board Exam October 1996

A single-phase, 60 Hz, 5 hp squirrel cage induction motor draws a current of


53 A at 117 V. If it has a 78.5% electrical to mechanical conversion
efficiency, what capacitance should be connected at the terminals of the
motor in order to increase the power factor of the load combination to 92%?
A. 480 F
C. 320 F
B. 380 F
D. 420 F
668. EE Board Exam April 1997
A load of 10,000 kVA, 80% pf lagging is connected to a 13,200 volts line.
How much capacitive reactive power is needed to correct the power factor to
0.97 lagging?
A. 5,156 kVAR
C. 2,547 kVAR
B. 3,138 kVAR
D. 4,395 kVAR
669. In a pure reactive circuit, the power factor is
A. lagging
C. leading
B. zero
D. unity
670. Power factor is defined as the ratio of
A. volt ampere to watts
B. watts to volt amperes
C. volt amperes reactive to watts
D. watts to volt amperes reactive
671. In a series circuit consisting of resistance and reactance, power factor is
defined as the ratio of
A. resistance to impedance
B. resistance to reactance
C. reactance to impedance
D. none of these
672. For a parallel circuit consisting of resistance and reactance the value of
power factor is the ratio of
A. impedance to reactance
B. reactance to impedance
C. resistance to impedance
D. impedance to resistance
673. It is not easy to find the value of impedance for a parallel circuit but power
factor can easily be obtained as a ratio of
A. active current to line current
B. reactive current to line current
C. line current to active current
D. none of these

674. The power factor of a.c. circuit containing both a resistor and a conductor is
A. more than unity
C. between 0 -1 leading
B. leading by 90
D. none of these
675. In an a.c. circuits, a low value of reactive volt-ampere compared with watts
indicates
A. high power factor
C. leading power factor
B. unity power factor
D. none of these
676. In a given circuit when power factor is unity the reactive power is
A. a maximum
C. zero
B. equal to I2R
D. none of these
677. The capacitor of power factor correction are rated in terms of
A. voltage
C. kW
B. VA
D. kVAR
678. Poor power factor results in all of the following except
A. overloading of transformers
B. overloading of alternators
C. reduction in power losses
D. reduction in load handling capacity of electrical system
679. Power factor of an inductive circuit can be improved
capacitor to it in
A. series
B. parallel
C. either series or parallel
D. depends on the value of the capacitor

by connecting a

680. For the same load, if the power factor is reduced, it will
A. draw more current
B. draw less current
C. draw same current but less power
D. draw less current but more power
681. The power factor of incandescent bulb is
A. 0.8 lagging
C. unity
B. 0.8 leading
D. zero
682. Power factor of the magnetizing component of a transformer is
A. unity
C. always leading
B. 0.8 lagging
D. zero
683. One of the reasons for improving the power factor is

A.
B.
C.
D.

to increase the reactive power


to decrease the reactive power
to increase the real power
to decrease the real power

684. Another reason for improving the power factor is


A. to avoid poor voltage regulation
B. to keep voltage regulation constant
C. to increase the voltage regulation
D. to decrease the voltage regulation
685. Power factor improvement may be achieved by the use of
A. synchronous motor
C. long transmission line
B. induction motor
D. short transmission line
686. The advantage of using static capacitor to improve the power factor is
because they
A. are not variable
B. are almost loss free
C. provide continuous change of power factor
D. none of these
687. Many industrial tariffs penalize consumers whose power factor falls
A. below 0.8
C. between 0.8 to 0.95
B. below unity
D. none of these

from the line when the combination is connected across a 60-cycle line?
(Assume a condenser of negligible resistance).
A. 20 F
C. 10 F
B. 106 F
D. 6.33 F
F. AC NETWORK ANALYSIS
692. A segment of a circuit
figure VR = 5 V, VC = 4
voltage VL is given by
A. 3 8 cos 2t
B. 32 sin 2t
C. 16 sin 2t
D. 16 cos 2t
693. Three currents i1, i2 and
approaching a node. If
+ 60) A and i2 = 10 sin (400t - 60) A, then i3 is
A. 0
C. -10 sin 400t A
B. 10 sin 400t A
D.
(

690. A resistance R and inductance L H are connected across 240 V, 50 Hz


supply. Power dissipated in the circuit is 100 W and the voltage across R is
100 V. In order to improve the pf to unity, the capacitor that is to be
connected in series should have a value of
A. 43.7 F
C. 437 F
B. 4.37 F
D. 4.37 mF

)A

V1

j10

10
V2

A.
B.

0
45

C.
D.

-45
-90

695. Consider the following statements: In the circuit shown in the figure, if the
equivalent impedance x x is Zeq then
x
4

j10

691. What size of condenser must be placed across an inductance having a


resistance of 10 ohms and reactance of 20 ohms to draw minimum current

i3
are
i1 = 10 sin (400t

694. The phase angle of the current I with respect to the V 1 in the circuit shown
in the figure is
V1 = 100 (1 + j); V2 = 100(1 j)

688. A factory takes a load of 1000 KW and has a reactive power of 1000 KVAR.
Its power factor is
A. 0.6
C. 0.8
B. unity
D. 0.7
689. A current of 10 amperes at a power factor of 0.8 lagging is taken from 250 V
a.c. supply. The reactive power of the system is
A. 2000 watts
C. 1500 watts
B. 2000 VA
D. 1500 VAR

shown in given
sin
2t.
The

I1

I2

j4

j10

1. Zeq = 2 + j5
2. Zeq = 2 + j3
Of these statements
A. 1 alone is true
B. 2 and 4 are correct

3.
4.

I1 = -I2
I1 = I2

C.
D.

2 and 3 are correct


none of the above

700. In the given figure


Thevenin impedance seen from X-Y is
A.
C.
B.
D.

696. For the network shown in the figure, the voltage VB will be
j3

A.
B.

j2

j5.33 V
5.33 V

C.
D.

2A

1A

j4

-j5.33 V
j3.33 V

697. In the circuit shown in given figure, ( )


(
) and ( )
(
). What is the voltage v(t) across the 1 ohm grounded

resistor?
1

+
1

e1(t)

e2(t)

A.
B.
C.
D.

V
(

)V

V
j1 V

698. If all elements in a particular network are linear, then the superposition
theorem would hold when the excitation is
A. dc only
C. either ac or dc
B. ac only
D. an impulse
699. For the network shown in given figure, the Thevenin equivalent impedance
across terminals CD is given by
A.
B.

C.
D.

701. In the figure the current source is


A, R = 1 ohm, the impedances are ZC
= -j ohm, and ZL = j2 ohm, The Thevenin equivalent circuit looking into the
circuit across X-Y is
A.
V, (1 + j2)
C.
V, (1 + j)
B.
V, (1 + j2)
D.
V, (1 + j)
702. The circuit shown in Fig. 1 is replaced by its Nortons equivalent circuit in Fig.
2. The value of I will be
A.
A
C.
A
B.
A
D.
A
703. Consider the following statements: The transfer impedance and admittance
of a network remain constant when the position of excitation and response
are interchanged if the network
1. is linear
2. consists of bilateral elements
3. has high impedance or admittance as the case may be
4. is resonant
Of these statements
A. 1 and 2 are correct
C. 2 and 4 are correct
B. 1, 3 and 4 are correct
D. all are correct
704. In a linear network, the ratio of voltage excitation to current response is
unaltered when the position of excitation and response are interchanged.
The assertions stems from the
A. principle of duality
B. reciprocity theorem
C. principle of superposition
D. equivalence theorem
705. A certain network N feeds a load resistance as shown in Fig. 1. It consumes
a power of P. If an indicated network is added as shown in Fig. 2. The
power consumed by R will be
A. less than P
C. between P and 4P
B. equal to P
D. more than 4P
706. In the circuit shown in the figure, the current source I = 1 A, the voltage
source V = 5 V, R1 = R2 = R3 = 1 , L1 = L2 = L3 = 1 H, C1 = C2 = 1 F. The
currents (in A) through R3 and the voltage source V respectively will be

A.
B.

1, 4
5, 1

C.
D.

5, 2
5, 4

707. For loop (1) of the network shown in the given figure, the correct loop
equation is
A.
C.
B.
D.
708. An ac source of voltage ES and an internal impedance of ZS = (RS + jXS) is
connected to a load of impedance ZL = (RL + jXL). Consider the following
conditions in this regard.
1. XL = XS if only XL is varied
2. XL = -XS if only XL is varied

3.
(
) if only RL is varied
4. |ZL| = |ZS| if the magnitude of ZL is varied, keeping the phase angle
fixed
Among these conditions, those which are to be satisfied for maximum power
transfer from the source to the load would include
A. 2 and 3
C. 1, 2 and 4
B. 1 and 3
D. 2, 3 and 4
709. Under the conditions of maximum power transfer from an ac source to a
variable load
A. the load impedance must be inductive, if the generator impedance is
inductive
B. the sum of the source and the load impedances is zero
C. the sum of the source reactance and the load reactance is zero
D. the load impedance has the same phase angle as the generator
impedance
710. If the combined generator and line impedance is (5 + j10) , then for the
maximum power transfer to a load impedance from a generator of constant
generated voltage, the load impedance is given be which of the following?
A. (5 + j10)
C. (5 + j5)
B. (5 j10)
D. 5
711. A voltage source having an internal impedance of 8 + j6 supplies power to
a resistive load. What should be load resistance for maximum power
transferred to it?
A. 8
C. 10
B. 6
D.
712. The Thevenin equivalent circuit of a network is as shown in the given figure.
For maximum power transfer to the variable and purely resistive load R L, its
resistance should be

A.
B.

60
80

C.
D.

100
infinity

713. Two ac sources fed a common variable load as shown in the given figure.
Under the maximum power transfer condition, the power absorbed by the
load resistance RL is
A. 2200 W
C. 1000 W
B. 1250 W
D. 625 W
714. REE Board Exam March 1998
Three impedances, -j10, j10 and 10 ohms are wye-connected. Determine the
impedance of an equivalent delta.
A. 12.5, j12.5, -12.5
C. j8.5, -j12.5, 8
B. 10, j10, -j10
D. 5, j5, -j5
715. A telephone circuit makes power available at a pair of terminals. The open
circuit voltage across the terminals is 1 volt and the impedance looking into
the terminals is 500 j500 . What is the maximum power that can be drawn
from the circuit?
A. 0.002 W
C. 0.001 W
B. 0.0005 W
D. 0.0014 W
G. BALANCED POLYPHASE SYSTEM
716. REE Board Exam April 2002
In a balanced three-phase system, the phase A voltage is 132.8 cis 0, what
is the line to line voltage VCA?
A. 230 cis 30
C. 230 cis (-60)
B. 230 cis (-30)
D. 132.8 cis 120
717. REE Board Exam September 2001
The phase B line voltage and the phase A line current of a balanced three
phase system are v = 220 sin (t + 210) and i = 10 sin (t + 180) amperes,
respectively. What is the power of the system?
A. 1,905 W
C. 5,716 W
B. 3,300 W
D. 3,810 W
718. REE Board Exam April 1997
A 170 kV, 3-phase electric source delivers 200 MVA to a balanced load,
which has a power factor of 90% lagging. What is the line current?
A. 257 A
C. 402 A
B. 502 A
D. 679 A
719. REE Board Exam October 1997
A three-phase motor is rated 50 hp, 440 volts and 85% power factor. What is
its rated current?

A.
B.

61.5 A
57.5 A

C.
D.

55 A
59 A

720. EE Board Exam April 1985


A balanced 3-phase load draws 120 amperes line current at 230 volts line to
line, 0.848 pf lagging. Solve for the real power.
A. 40.54 kW
C. 41.45 kW
B. 42.35 kW
D. 43.15 kW
721. REE Board Exam March 1998
A generator supplies three-phase power to balanced load. The voltage is
230 volts, the current is 18 A and the power factor is 85%. What is the
power?
A. 3.6 kW
C. 6.1 kW
B. 1.6 kW
D. 1.4 kW
722. EE Board Exam April 1984
A balanced 3-phase load draws 75 amperes line current at 230 volts line to
line, 0.848 pf lagging. Solve for the reactive power being drawn.
A. 15.83 kVAR
C. 15.35 kVAR
B. 15.26 kVAR
D. 15.94 kVAR
723. EE Board Exam April 1990
The input power factor to a three-phase, 6-poles, 460 volts., 60 Hz, 50 hp
induction motor is 0.62 as 20 A is drawn by the motor. Find the power input
to the motor.
A. 9,880 W
C. 9,895 W
B. 9,675 W
D. 9,478 W
724. EE Board Exam April 1992
A 460 volt, three-phase motor draws 208 A with a power factor of 0.91
lagging. Calculate the kW input to the motor.
A. 150.8
C. 152.4
B. 156.3
D. 160.3
725. EE Board Exam April 1993
A wye-connected load has a
ohm impedance per phase and is
connected across a 120-V three-phase source. Calculate the line current.
A. 24 A
C. 41.56 A
B. 13.85 A
D. 15.45 A
726. EE Board Exam April 1993
Three condensers, each having capacity of 75 microfarads are connected in
star to a 440 volts, 3-phase, 50 cycles supply. Calculate the capacitance of

each of the three condensers so that when they are connected in delta to the
same supply the line current remains the same.
A. 20 F
C. 25 F
B. 28 F
D. 30 F
727. EE April 1993
A balanced three-phase load is wye-connected and has an impedance Zp =
4 j3 ohms per phase. Find the line current if this load is connected across a
220 V three-phase source.
A. 25.4 A
C. 20.5 A
B. 22.3 A
D. 26.7 A
728. REE Board Exam October 1998
Three 10-ohm resistances are connected delta on a balanced three-phase
source. If the equation of the phase Van =120 sin t. What is the equation of
the line current in line a?
A. 20.78 sin (t + 30)
C. 12 sin (t 56.56)
B. 13.15 sin (t - 30)
D. 36 sin t
729. EE Board Exam October 1994
Three resistors 10, 15 and 30 ohmic values are connected in wyeconfiguration to a balanced 208 volt three-phase supply. Calculate the total
power of the system.
A. 2644 W
C. 3080 W
B. 2880 W
D. 3280 W
730. REE Board Exam March 1998
Three impedances each 10 + j5 ohms are connected delta on a balanced
three-phase source. If the equation of the phase Van =120 sin t. What is
the equation of the line current through the impedance connected across
phase A and B?
A. 20.02 sin (t - 22)
C. 16.21 sin (t + 56.56)
B. 18.59 sin (t + 3.44)
D. 21.32 sin (t 8.15)
731. EE Board Exam June 1990
Two parallel connected loads A and B are supplied by a 440 V, 3-phase, 60
Hz generator. Load A draws an apparent power of 100 kVA at 0.80 pf
lagging and load B draws an apparent power of 70 kVA at unity pf.
Determine the feeder current.
A. 208 A
C. 214 A
B. 212 A
D. 202 A
732. EE Board Exam April 1990
A three-phase motor takes 10 kVA at 0.67 pf lagging from a source of 230
volts. It is in parallel with a balanced delta load having 16 ohms resistance

and 12 ohms capacitive reactance in series in each phase. Determine the


total power factor.
A. 0.966 lagging
C. 0.917 lagging
B. 0.896 lagging
D. 0.967 lagging
733. REE Board Exam March 1998
The phase b line voltage and the phase a line current of a balanced threephase system are v = 220 (sin wt + 210) and i = 10 sin (wt - 30),
respectively. What is the power of the system?
A. 1905 W
C. 5716 W
B. 3300 W
D. 3810 W
734. EE Board Exam April 1985
A balanced 3-phase load draws 120 amperes line current at 230 volts line to
line, 0.848 pf lagging current. Solve for the readings of the two wattmeters
used to measure the 3-phase power.
A. 25.543 kW, 15.087 kW
B. 28.155 kW, 12.385 kW
C. 24.365 kW, 16.175 kW
D. 27.583 kW, 12.957 kW
735. EE Board Exam April 1988
MERALCO used two wattmeters to measure the balanced 3-phase dynatron
elevator motor drive. The coils of the wattmeters are connected to the
current transformers, which are lines 1 and 2 respectively. The potential coils
are connected to potential transformers, which are across lines 2 and 3 and
lines 3 and 1, respectively. The line potentials are 230 V and the line
currents are each 150 A. The wattmeters each indicate 19.6 kW. Assume
load is wye connected. What is the total power supplied?
A. 49.175 kW
C. 45.461 kW
B. 48.236 kW
D. 47.350 kW

738. In a balanced three phase star connected circuit the line voltages are equal
A. to the line current
B. to the phase voltage
C. and so are line currents
D. but the line currents are unequal
739. The type of a.c. distribution system commonly used to supply both light and
power is the
A. open delta system
B. three phase delta system
C. three phase star system with neutral wire
D. three phase star system without neutral wire
740. The phase displacement between phasors in polyphase system is always
A. 90 degrees
B. 120 degrees
C. 360 degrees divided by the number of phases
D. none of the above
741. In a balanced three phase star connected system the line voltage is
A. the phasor difference of the two phase voltages
B. the phasor sum of the two phase voltages
C. 0.707 times the phase voltage
D. 1.414 times the phase voltage
742. In a star connected system line current is
A. 0.707 times the phase current
B. 1.735 times the phase current
C. equal to the phase current
D. 1.414 times the phase current

736. EE Board Exam April 1992


A 460-volt three-phase motor draws 208 A with a power factor of 0.91
lagging. Calculate the indication of W1 and W2 for the given condition.
A. 75.40 kW, 75.40 kW
C. 89.56 kW, 61.25 kW
B. 91.23 kW, 59.58 kW
D. 95.24 kW, 55.57 kW

743. The advantages of star connections over delta connections for the same
voltage is that it gives
A. step down current
B. extra step up voltage
C. extra step up current
D. extra step up power

737. EE Board Exam June 1990


Two wattmeter method is used to test a 25 HP, 230 volt, 1800 rpm, 60 cycle,
3-phase induction motor. When the line voltages are 230 volts, one
wattmeter reads +13,400 watts and the other +7,400 watts. Determine motor
power factor.
A. 0.961
C. 0.894
B. 0.886
D. 0.807

744. Power in a three phase star system is equal to


A. x VL x IL x power factor
B. 3 x Vph x IL x power factor
C. x VL X Iph X power factor
D. 3 x Vph x Iph x power factor

745. Power in a three phase delta system with balanced load is equal to
A. x VL x IL x power factor
B. x Vph X Iph X power factor
C. 3 x Vph x IL x power factor
D. 3 x VL x IL x power factor
746. In a delta connected system the line current is
A. 1.414 times the phase current
B. phasor sum of the two phase currents
C. equal to the phase current
D. 1.732 times the phase current
747. Power in star connected system is
A. equal to that of delta system
B. times the delta system
C. times the delta system
D. 3 times of a delta system
748. Electric power is almost exclusively generated, transmitted and distributed,
by three phase system because it
A. it is more efficient
B. uses less material for a given capacity
C. costs less than single-phase apparatus
D. all of the above
749. The voltages induced in the three windings of a three-phase alternator are
____ degree apart in time phase.
A. 120
C. 90
B. 60
D. 30
750. If positive phase sequence of a 3 phase load is a-b-c the negative
sequence would be
A. b-a-c
C. a-c-b
B. c-b-a
D. all of the above
751. In the balanced 3-phase voltage system generated by a Y-connected
alternator, VYB lags ER by ____ electrical degrees.
A. 90
B. 120
C. 60
D. 30
752. The power taken by 3-phase load is given by the expression
A. 3 VL IL cos
C. 3 VL IL sin
B. VL IL cos
D. VL IL sin

753. In a balanced 3-phase voltage generator, the difference phase voltages


reach their maximum values ____ degree apart.
A. 120
C. 240
B. 60
D. 30
754. If the B-phase, Y-connected alternator become reverse connected by
mistake, it will not affect.
A. V Y B
C. V B R
B. V R Y
D. V B Y
755. Three equal impedances are first connected in star across a balanced 3phase supply. If connected in delta across the same supply.
A. phase current will be tripled
B. phase current will be doubled
C. line current will become one-third
D. power consumed will increase three-fold
756. A 3-phase, 4-wire, 230/440-V system is supplying lamp load at 230 V. If a 3phase motor is now switched on across the same supply then,
A. neutral current will increase
B. all line currents will decrease
C. neutral current will remain unchanged
D. power factor will be improved
757. Power factor improvement
A. does not affect the performance characteristics of the original load
B. employs series resonance
C. increase the active power drawn by the load
D. increases the reactive power taken by the load
758. The chief disadvantage of a low power factor is that
A. more power is consumed by the load
B. current required for a given load power is higher
C. active power developed by a generator exceeds its rated output capacity
D. heat generated is more than the desired amount
759. In the 2-wattmeter method of measuring 3-phase power, the two wattmeters
indicate equal and opposite readings when load power factor angle is ____
degrees lagging.
A. 60
C. 30
B. 0
D. 90
760. When phase sequence at the 3-phase load is reversed
A. phase powers are changed
B. phase currents are changed

C.
D.

phase currents change in angle but not in magnitude


total power consumed in changed

762. In a two-phase generator, the electrical displacement between two phase or


windings is ____ electrical degrees.
A. 120
C. 180
B. 90
D. none of the above
763. In a six-phase generator, the electrical displacement between different
phases or windings is ____ electrical degrees.
A. 60
C. 120
B. 90
D. 45

3-phase
line

761. Phase reversal of a 4-wire unbalanced load supplied from a balanced 3phase supply changes
A. magnitude of phase currents
B. magnitudes as well as phase angle of neutral current
C. the power consumed
D. only the magnitude of neutral current

60 W

60 W

L1

L2

C
B
Fig. 14.1

A.
B.
C.
D.

L1 will burn more brightly than L2


L2 will burn more brightly than L1
both lamps will be equally bright
none of the above

769. If the phase sequence of the 3-phase line in Fig 14.1 is reversed

3-phase
line

764. The torque on the rotor if a 3-phase motor is more constant than that of a
single motor because
A. single phase motors are not self-starting
B. single phase motors are small in size
C. 3-phase power is of constant value
D. none of the above

60 W

60 W

L1

L2

C
B

765. For the same rating, the size of a 3-phase motor will be ____ single phase
motor.
A. less than that of
C. same as that of
B. more than that of
D. none of the above
766. To transmit the same amount of power over a fixed distance at a given
voltage, the 3-phase system requires ____the weight of copper required for
the single-phase system.
A. 3 times
C. 1.5 times
B. 3/4 times
D. 0.5 times
767. The phase sequence of a three-phase system is RYB. The other possible
phase sequence can be
A. B R Y
C. R B Y
B. Y R B
D. none of the above
768. If in Fig. 14.1, the phase sequence is RYB, then

Fig. 14.1

A.
B.
C.
D.

L1 will be brighter than L2


L2 will be brighter than L1
both lamps will be equally bright
none of the above

770. The advantage of star-connected supply system is that


A. line current is equal to phase current
B. two voltages can be used
C. phase sequence can easily be changed
D. it is a simple arrangement
771. In a balanced star connected, line voltages are ____ ahead of their
respective phase voltages.
A. 30
C. 120
B. 60
D. none of the above

772. In a star-connected system, the relation between the line voltage VL and
phase voltage Vph is
A.
C.

B.
D. none of the above

R
N
B

773. Fig 14.2 shows a balanced star-connected system. The line voltage VRY is
given by

N
B

EBN

VRY
VBR

IY

VYB

IB

A.
B.

90
90 +

C.
D.

N
B

EBN

IR

IR

VRY
IY
IB

VBR

EYN

EBN

VRY = 230 V
VRY > 230 V

C.
D.

C.
D.

IB

VYB

777. The power delivered by the 3-phase system shown in Fig. 14.2 is
. Here is the phase difference between

VYB

Fig. 14.2
30 +
30 -

VBR

VRY < 230 V


VRY = 0 V

IR

ERN
A.
B.

VRY
IY

Fig. 14.2
A.
B.

R
EYN

60 +
30 -

ERN

774. If the load connected to the 3-phase generator shown in Fig. 14.2 has a
lagging p.f. of cos , then angle between VRY and IR is

ERN

VYB

IB

VRY = ERN ENY ..phasor sum


VRY = ERN EYN.....phasor difference
VRY = ENR + EYN ..phasor sum
none of the above

VBR

IY

776. Each phase voltage in Fig. 14.2 is 230 V. If connections of phase B are
reversed then

Fig. 14.2
A.
B.
C.
D.

VRY

Fig. 14.2

IR

EYN

EYN

EBN

R
ERN

IR

ERN

60 +
120

775. If the load connected to the 3-phase generator shown in Fig. 14.2 has a
leading p.f. of cos , then angle between VRY and IR is

EBN

EYN
Y

VRY
IY
IB

VBR
VYB

Fig. 14.2
A.
B.
C.
D.

line voltage and corresponding line current


phase voltage and corresponding phase current
phase current and line current
none of the above

778. A 3-phase load is balanced if all the three phases have the same
A. impedance
B. power factor
C. impedance and power factor
D. none of the above

782. The delta-connected generator shown in Fig. 14.3 has phase voltage of 200
V on no load. If a connection of one of the phases is reversed then resultant
voltage across the mesh is

R
IR

779. Three 50-ohm resistors are connected in star across 400 V, 3-phase supply.
If one of the resistors is disconnected, then line current will be
A. 8 A
C.
A
B. 4 A
D.
A
780. Fig. 14.3 shows a balanced delta-connected supply system. The current in
line 1 is

IB
IR

2
B

IY

3
Fig. 14.3

A.
B.
C.
D.

IR - IB..... phasor difference


IB - IR .. phasor difference
IY - IR - IB .. phasor difference
none of the above

2
B

Fig. 14.3
A.
B.

200 V
V

C.
D.

784. The resistance between any two terminals of a balanced star connected load
is 12 . The resistance of each phase is
A. 12
C. 6
B. 18
D. 36

10

400 V

2
3
Fig. 14.3
120
none of the above

10
N

400 V

C.
D.

10

400 V

IR

60
30

400 V
none of the above

783. If one line conductor of a 3-phase line is cut, the load is then supplied by the
____ voltage.
A. single phase
C. three phase
B. two phase
D. none of the above

IB

A.
B.

785. The voltage rating of each resistor in Fig. 14.4 should be

IY

IY

781. In Fig. 14.3, line currents are ____ behind the respective phase currents.

IB

Fig. 14.4

A.
B.

400 V
V

C.
D.

230 V
none of the above

786. The power rating of each resistor in Fig. 14.4 is

R
10

400 V
10

400 V

400 V
400 V

10

400 V

400 V
B

Fig. 14.4

A.
B.

4000 W
2300 W

C.
D.

4600 W
5290 W

A.
B.

787. If one of the resistors in Fig. 14.4 were open-circuited, then power consumed
in the circuit is

Fig. 14.5
C. 345 W
D. none of the above

200 W
300 W

790. The power factor of the star-connected load shown in Fig. 14.6 is

10

400 V
10

400 V

10

400 V

400 V

400 V

400 V

Fig. 14.4

A.
B.

8000 W
4000 W

C.
D.

16000 W
none of the above

788. The power consumed in the star-connected load shown in Fig. 14.5 is 690
W. The line current is

Fig. 14.6
A.
B.

0.8 lagging
0.6 lagging

C.
D.

791. The voltage drop across each inductor in Fig. 14.6 is

400 V

400 V

10

400 V
10

400 V

10
N

400 V

400 V

Fig. 14.4

A.
B.

2.5 A
1A

0.75 lagging
none of the above

C.
D.

1.725 A
none of the above

789. If one of the resistors in Fig. 14.5 is open-circuited, power consumption will
be

Fig. 14.6
A.
B.

184 V
138 V

C.
D.

400 V
none of the above

792. The power consumed in each phase of the circuit shown in Fig. 14.6 is

400 V

400 V

400 V

Fig. 14.6
A.
B.

2300 W
4000 W

C.
D.

3174 W
none of the above

A.
B.

(6 + j9) ohms
(2 + j3) ohms

C.
D.

(12 + j18) ohms


(3 + j4.5) ohms

799. In order to measure power in a 3-phase,4-wire unbalanced load, the


minimum number of wattmeters required would be
A. 1
C. 4
B. 2
D. 3
800. A wattmeter measures ____ power.
A. instantaneous
C. reactive
B. apparent
D. average
801. In the circuit shown in Fig. 14.7, the phase sequence is RYB. If the load p.f.
is cos lagging, then reading of wattmeter W2 will be

793. Three identical resistances connected in star consume 4000 W. If the


resistances are connected in delta across the same supply, the power
consumed will be
A. 4000 W
C. 8000 W
B. 6000 W
D. 12000 W

W1

IL
VL
N

794. Three identical resistances, each of 15 , are connected in delta across 400
V, 3-phase supply. The value of resistance in each leg of the equivalent starconnected load would be
A. 15
C. 5
B. 7.5
D. 30

IL

W2

VL
IL

Fig. 14.7

A.
B.

(
(

W1

)
)

IL
VL
N
Z

798. If a balanced delta load has an impedance of (6 + j9) ohms per phase, then
impedance of each phase of equivalent star load is

(
(

802. If the p.f. of the load shown in Fig. 14.7 (phase sequence is RYB) is zero,
then

796. Three identical resistances connected in star carry a line current of 12 A. If


the same resistances are connected in delta across the same supply, the
line current will be
A. 12 A
C. 8 A
B. 4 A
D. 36 A
797. Three delta-connected resistors absorb 60 kW when connected to a 3phase line. If the resistors are connected in star, the power absorbed is
A. 60 kW
C. 40 kW
B. 20 kW
D. 180 kW

C.
D.

795. Three identical capacitances, each of 450 F, are connected in star. The
value of capacitance in each phase of the equivalent delta-connected load
would be
A. 150 F
C. 225 F
B. 450 F
D. 900 F

IL

W2
Fig. 14.7

VL

IL

W1 will read zero


W2 will read zero
both W1 and W2 will read zero
W1 and W2 will read equal and opposite

W1

IL
VL

803. If the p.f. of the load (phase sequence is RYB) in Fig. 14.7 is unity, then
Z

VL

IL

IL
Z

W1

A.
B.
C.
D.

VL
IL

W2

N
Fig. 14.7
IL

W2

VL

IL

Fig. 14.7

W1 will give more reading than W2


both W1 and W2 will give equal and positive reading
W2 will give more reading than W1
none of the above

W2 will give negative reading


both W1 and W2 will give negative reading
W1 will give negative reading
both W1 and W2 will give positive reading

806. If capacitors of equal capacitance are shunted across each phase in Fig.
14.7, then
W1

IL
Z

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

VL

804. If the p.f. of the load (phase sequence is RYB) is Fig. 14.7 is 0.5, then
N

IL

W1

VL

W2

N
Z

W2

VL

VL

IL

Fig. 14.7

IL

IL

IL

A.
B.
C.
D.

total power drawn will change


total power drawn will not change
power factor of the load remains same
none of the above

Fig. 14.7

A.
B.
C.
D.

W2 will give total power


W1 will give total power
both W1 and W2 will read equal
W2 will give negative reading

805. If the p.f. of the load (phase sequence is RYB) is Fig. 14.7 is 0.4, then

807. In two wattmeter method, the algebraic sum of the readings of two
wattmeters will indicate true power only if
A. the load is balanced
B. phase sequence remains unchanged
C. there is no source unbalance
D. neutral wire available does not carry any current

808. Three-wattmeter method is not used to measure power in a 3-phase circuit


because
A. it is complicated
B. generally neutral is not available or delta load cannot be opened
C. it requires three wattmeters
D. none of the above
809. Three resistors having the same resistances are connected in star and
across 480 V 3-phase lines. To what value should the line voltage be
changed to obtain the same line currents with the resistors delta-connected?
A. 230 V
C. 160 V
B. 133 V
D. 240 V
810. In the circuit shown in Fig. 14.8, the wattmeter reads 1000 W. The total
reactive power drawn by the balanced 3-phase load is
W
R

IR

N
Z

IY
IB

Fig. 14.8

A.
B.

1000 VAR
2000 VAR

C.
D.

1732 VAR
none of the above

811. The most difficult unbalanced 3-phase load to deal with is


A. 4-wire star connected unbalanced load
B. unbalanced -connected load
C. unbalanced 3-wire, Y-connected load
D. none of the above
812. In a balanced three-phase system, the line to line voltages are displaced
from each other by ____.
A. 0
C. 90
B. 30
D. 120
813. When phase sequence of the three-phase system is reversed ____.
A. Phase currents change in angle not in magnitude
B. Phase currents are changed

C.
D.

Total Power consumed is changed


Phase power are changed

814. A three-phase load is balanced if all the three phases have the same ____.
A. Impedance
B. Impedance & power factor
C. Power factor
D. Power
815. In balanced star (wye) connected system, the line voltage is
A. 0.707 times the phase voltage
B. 1.414 times the phase voltage
C. phasor sum of the two phase voltage
D. phasor difference of the two phase voltage
816. The phase sequence of a three-phase system is BCA. The other possible
phase sequence can be ____.
A. CBA
C. ACB
B. CAB
D. none of these
817. Find the line voltage Vab is
A.
V
B.
V

C.
D.

V and the sequence is BCA.


V
V

818. Line B of a 230 V ungrounded-wye system touches the ground. What is the
voltage between line A and ground?
A. 230 V
C. 0
B. 115 V
D. 132.79 V
819. A system consists of three equal resistors connected in wye and is fed from
a balanced three-phase supply. How much power is reduced if one of the
resistors is disconnected?
A. 33%
C. 25%
B. 50%
D. 0%
820. Three identical wye-connected resistances consume 1,000 watts. If the
resistances are connected in delta across the same supply, the power
consumed will be ____.
A. 3,000 W
C. 1,000 W
B. 6,000 W
D. 333 W
821. A balanced delta connected load draws 10 A of line current and 3 kW at 220
V. The reactance of each phase of the load is ____.
A. 38.1
C. 23.5
B. 30
D. 22

822. A 50-HP, three-phase induction motor with full load efficiency of 85% and
power factor of 0.80 is connected to a three phase, 480 V system. The
equivalent star connected impedance that can replace this motor is ____
A.
C.
B.
D.
823. Three equal impedances of (20 + j20) ohms re connected in delta to 240 V,
three-phase, 60 Hz line. Determine the capacitance of an ideal condenser in
wye so that the overall power factor is 0.8 lagging.
A. 16.58 F
C. 38.53 F
B. 49.74 F
D. 83.74 F
824. Find the average power absorbed by a balance three phase load in an ACB
circuit in which one line voltage is
V and one line current to
the load is
A.
A. 1337 W
C. 1719 W
B. 1122 W
D. 1122 W
825. A balanced delta connected load having impedance per phase of
ohms is supplied from a balanced 3-phase, 240 V source. Determine the
total real power.
A. 6824 W
C. 7416 W
B. 6912 W
D. 6740 W
826. A balanced three-phase load draws 20 kW at 0.447 pf lagging from a 230 V,
60 Hz three phase transmission line. Find the readings of the two wattmeters
properly connected to measure power.
A. 18.45 kW, 1.55 kW
C. 21.55 kW, -1.55 kW
B. 14.25 kW, 5.75 kW
D. 25.75 kW, -5.75 kW
827. A 25 HP induction motor is operating at rated load from a three phase 450 V,
60 Hz system. The efficiency and power factor of the motor are 87% and
90%, respectively. The apparent power in kVA drawn by the motor is ____.
A. 23.82
C. 21.44
B. 27.78
D. 19.30
828. A balanced star connected load is supplied from a symmetrical three phase,
400 volts ABC system. The current in each phase is 30 amperes and lags
30 behind the line voltage. What is the total power?
A. 18,000 W
C. 20,785 W
B. 10,393 W
D. 31.177 W
829. A balanced delta load with impedances of 15 j9 ohms is connected to a
three phase source by three wires each of which has 2 + j5 ohms

impedance. The load phase voltage is 120 V. Find the line voltages of the
source.
A. 69 V
C. 259 V
B. 208 V
D. 87 V
830. Two-wattmeter method is applied to a three-phase motor running at full load.
The two wattmeters indicate 85.5 kW and 34.7 kW, respectively. What is the
operating power factor of the motor?
A. 87.45%
C. 89.49%
B. 80.69%
D. 94.76%
831. A 100 KVA balanced three phase load operates at 0.65 power factor lagging
at 450 V. If power is measured by two wattmeters, what will be the reading of
each wattmeter?
A. 20,000 W & 45,000 W
C. 10,563 W & 54,437 W
B. 25,000 W & 40,000 W
D. 65,000 W & 0 W
832. The two wattmeter method is applied to a three phase, three-wire, 100 V,
ABC system with the meters in lines B and C, W B = 836 watts and WC = 224
watts. What is the impedance of the balanced delta-connected load?
A.
C.
B.
D.
833. Two wattmeters are connected are for the two wattmeter method with current
coils in lines A and B of a 208 V, ABC circuit that has a balanced delta load.
If the meter readings arte 6 kW and -3 kW respectively, find the load
impedance per phase.
A.
C.
B.
D.
834. Three equal impedances, each represented by a series R-L circuit are
connected to a three phase source. A total power of 7630 watts is measured
by the two-wattmeter method. If one wattmeter gives zero deflection,
determine the values of R and XL for a line voltage of 230 V.
A. 3.2, 10
C. 3.2, 9
B. 5.2, 10
D. 5.2, 9
835. Three equal impedances of (25 + j30) are connected in wye to 240 V, 60
Hz, three-phase source. Determine the value of the capacitor to be
connected in parallel with the load so that the total current drawn by the load
is 3 amperes.
A. 90 F
C. 70 F
B. 80 F
D. 60 F

836. A delta-connected load draws 17.28 kW from 240-V, balanced three-phase


supply. What is the resistance of the load if the reactance is equal to 5
ohms?
A. 5
C. 10
B. 7.5
D. 2.5
837. Three identical impedances of
ohms are connected in star to a threephase, three-wire, 240 V system. The lines between the supply and the load
have an impedance 2 + j1 ohms. Find the magnitude of the line voltage at
the load.
A. 123 V
C. 416 V
B. 240 V
D. 213 V
838. A delta connected load having an impedance of (300 + j210) per phase is
supplied from 480 V, three-phase supply through a line having an impedance
of (4 + j8) per wire. What is the total power supplied to the load?
A. 1418 W
C. 454 W
B. 473 W
D. 1363 W
839. A certain load takes 300 kW at 400 V. A three-phase capacitor bank rated 15
kVA per phase is connected in parallel with the load to raise the power factor
of the load to 90% lagging. What is the power factor of the load before
correction?
A. 99%
C. 95%
B. 92%
D. 88%
840. A factory load draws 100 kW at 75% lagging power factor from a 480 V
source. To increase the power factor to 90% lagging, a synchronous motor
operating at 80% leading power factor is connected to the load. What is the
rating of the motor if it has an efficiency of 80%?
A. 54 HP
C. 33 HP
B. 43 HP
D. 35 HP
841. A three-phase, wye-connected induction motor is connected to a 480 V,
three-phase supply. It draws a current of 15 amperes at 80% power factor. A
delta connected reactance is connected in parallel with the motor and the
combination draws 15 amperes. What is the value of the element?
A. 57.4 F
C. 28.7 F
B. 122.5 F
D. 245.0 F
842. A three-phase balanced load is connected across 220 V, three-phase, ACB
source. A wattmeter with its current coil in line A and voltage coil across liens
A and B reads 800 W. The potential coil is then connected across liens A
and C with the current coil in the same line. What is the power factor of the
load if the meter reads -800 W?

A.
B.

0.5 lagging
0.5 leading

C.
D.

0.87 lagging
0.87 leading

843. In two-wattmeter method, the readings of the wattmeter will be identical


when _____.
A. load in one of the two phases is zero
B. power factor is unity
C. power factor is 0.5
D. neutral is earthed
844. A wye-connected, balanced three-phase load draws 75 A from 230 V, 60 Hz
source. To measure the total power, two wattmeters are connected in lines A
and C and reads 8,625 W and 17,250 W, respectively. Determine the
impedance of the balanced load.
A.
C.
B.
D.
845. Two wattmeters are used to measure the power drawn by a balanced threephase load from a 440 V, three-phase source. The wattmeters are
connected in lines A and B and reads 10 kW and -2.5 kW. When a capacitor
in parallel with the load and the wattmeters reconnected in lines B and C, the
wattmeter in line B reads 7.5 kW. What is the power factor of the combined
load?
A. 33%
C. 28%
B. 50%
D. 72%
846. The ratio of the readings of wattmeters connected to measure the power
delivered to an inductive load is 0.75. If the load draws 75 kVA from 440-V
supply, determine the impedance per phase of the delta-connected load?
A.
C.
B.
D.
847. A balanced three-phase, three-wire, 480 V supply has two loads. The first
load is delta connected and takes 30 kW at 80% lagging power factor. The
second load is delta connected and uses 24 kVA at 90% leading power
factor. Find the readings of the two wattmeters connected in lines A and C.
A. 28,940 & 22,660 W
C. 30,000 & 21,600 W
B. 20,400 & 31,200 W
D. 32,680 & 18,920 W
H. POWER FACTOR CORRECTION (3-PHASE)
848. EE Board Exam April 1989, October 1989
A three-phase, 60 Hz, 2200 volts induction motor develops 500 HP, 0.8
lagging pf and efficiency of 94%. The power factor is raised to 0.90 lagging
by connecting a bank of condensers in delta across the lines. If each of the

capacitance unit is built up of four similar 550 V condensers, calculate the


required capacitance of each condenser.
A. 77.04 F
C. 76.12 F
B. 75.42 F
D. 72.30 F
849. EE Board Exam October 1987, October 1982
Installed in one of the customer CEPALCO are two single phase
transformers each rated 75 kVA are connected V or open delta to serve a 3phase load of 120 kW at 0.8 p.f. lagging. To prevent the overloading of the
transformers, determine the size of the capacitor in kVAR.
A. 40
C. 39
B. 41
D. 42
850. EE Board Exam October 1983
Three single-phase transformers each rated 75 kVA are banked in delta and
supplying a three-phase load drawing 160 kVA at 0.8 lagging power factor. If
one transformer is removed for repairs, solve for the minimum amount in
kVAR of a capacitor needed to prevent overloading of the remaining units.
A. 70.32
C. 72.46
B. 73.64
D. 73.28
851. EE Board Exam October 1982
Two single-phase transformers each rated 75 kVA are connected in V or
open delta to serve a 3-phase load of 120 W at 0.8 power factor lagging.
Determine the size in kVAR of the capacitor needed to prevent overloading
of the transformers.
A. 40.25
C. 45.24
B. 41.28
D. 43.50
852. EE Board Exam October 1982
A 150 kVA transformer bank will serve a load expected to draw 135 kW at
0.80 lagging power factor. Solve for the size of the capacitor bank needed to
be added in order to prevent overloading of the transformer bank.
A. 32.506 kVAR
C. 40.391 kVAR
B. 35.866 kVAR
D. 28.266 kVAR
853. EE Board Exam October 1981
A 3-phase generator has the following 3-phase loads: an inductive load
drawing 400 kVA at 0.60 pf power factor and a resistive load drawing 80 kVA
at 1.00 power factor. Solve for the size in kVAR of the capacitor bank needed
to improve the power factor of the combined loads to 0.85 lagging.
A. 120.58 kVAR
C. 124.54 kVAR
B. 121.68 kVAR
D. 122.82 kVAR
854. EE Board Exam April 1986

A short, 3-phase, 3-wire transmission line has a receiving end voltage of


4,160 V phase to neutral and serving a balanced 3-phase load of 998.400
volt-amperes at 0.82 pf lagging. At the receiving end the voltage is 4600 V.,
phase to neutral and the pf is 0.77 lagging. Solve for the size in kVAR of a
capacitor needed to improve the receiving end pf to 0.9 lagging maintaining
4160 V.
A. 181
C. 172
B. 175
D. 178
855. REE Board Exam October 1996
A 132 kV line, three-phase system delivers 70.7 MVA of a balanced delta
load of power factor 70.7%. Determine the reactance necessary in order to
attain unity power factor.
A. 1,092
C. 1,142
B. 965
D. 1,045
856. EE Board Exam October 1980
A balanced 500 kVA, 3-phase, 440 volt, 60 Hz, inductive load operates at a
pf of 75%. Determine the total capacitive kVAR required improving the pf to
95%.
A. 207.46
C. 210.75
B. 176.42
D. 192.21
857. EE Board Exam October 1984
A balanced 3-phase load draws 150 A phase current at 7.5 kV phase to
neutral, 0.891 power factor lagging. It is desired to raise the power factor to
0.96 leading. Solve for the amount of capacitor kVAR needed to achieve
such pf.
A. 2273 kVAR
C. 2509 kVAR
B. 2409 kVAR
D. 2365 kVAR
858. EE Board Exam April 1981
A 3-phase, 3-wire, short transmission line has a resistance of 3 ohms and a
reactance of 8 ohms per wire. At the receiving end, a balanced 3-phase load
draws a line current of 60 A, at 13,500 volts line to line, 0.90 power factor
lagging. Assuming the receiving end voltage is maintained at 13,500 V, solve
for the size in kVAR of capacitors needed to raise the power factor at the
receiving end to 0.95 leading.
A. 1043.5
C. 1026.5
B. 1154.2
D. 1232.2
859. EE Board Exam April 1981
A three-phase balanced load draws a line current of 80 A at 0.90 lagging
power factor. Solve for the minimum size in kVAR of the capacitor bank

needed to raise the power factor to 0.96 leading, if the line to line voltage is
13,200 volts.
A. 1310.15
C. 1247.54
B. 1338.25
D. 1430.12
860. EE Board Exam October 1990
Two Y-connected, 50 rise induction motors are fed by a 4160 V, line to line,
3-phase 60 Hz motor-control center 20 feet away. Motor 1 drives a 600-hp
compressor. The efficiency of this motor is 90% and its power factor is 0.5.
Instruments of motor 2 indicate 1730 kW, 277 amperes. Determine the
capacity in microfarads per phase of a wye-connected bank that is required
to correct the power factor of the load to 0.966 lagging.
A. 172.4 F
C. 167.2 F
B. 193.8 F
D. 182.1 F
861. EE Board Exam April 1993
A star-connected 400 HP (metric), 2000 V, 50 c/s motor works at a power
factor of 0.7 lagging. A bank of mesh-connected condensers is used to raise
the power factor to 0.93 lagging. Calculate the capacitance of each unit
required if each is rated 500 V, 50 c/s. The motor efficiency is 85%.
A. 194 F
C. 302 F
B. 225 F
D. 233 F
862. A delta connected induction motor takes 20 kW at 0.8 pf from a 500 V 60 Hz
mains. Three delta connected capacitors are used to raise the pf to 0.95.
What is the capacitance of each capacitor in F?
A. 22.3 F
C. 29.8 F
B. 28.7 F
D. 38.9 F
863. A three-phase induction motor delivers 150 HP while operating at 80%
efficiency and a power factor of 0.8 lagging from 480 V lines. A wye
connected power factor correction capacitor is to be installed to improve the
overall power factor to 0.9 lagging. Determine the capacitance required per
phase.
A. 428 F
C. 1283 F
B. 142.6 F
D. 3850 F
G. UNBALANCED POLYPHASE SYSTEMS
864. EE Board Exam April 1982
Given a balanced 3-wire, three-phase system serving the following loads:

Determine the current on line b


A. 20.34 A
C.

24.36 A

B.

22.04 A

D.

21.57 A

865. EE Board Exam April 1982


Given the following line voltages and two load impedances:

Solve for the current in line c.


A. 17.41 A
B. 17.95 A

C.
D.

16.62 A
18.46 A

866. EE Board Exam April 1988


Three unequal single-phase loads so connected across the lines of a
balanced, 3-phase, 230 volts circuit. The first takes 106 A at 0.78 pf lagging
and is connected across lines 1 & 2. The second takes 142 A, at 0.82 pf
lagging and is connected across lines 2 & 3. And the third takes 28.4 kW at
0.77 pf lagging and is connected across lines 3 & 1. Find the three line
currents.
A. 254.40 A, 211.38 A, 252 A
B. 231.26 A, 215.20 A, 268 A
C. 254.40 A, 215.20 A, 252 A
D. 231.26 A, 211.38 A, 268 A
867. EE Board Exam October 1992
A 120-V per phase, three-phase Y-connected source delivers power to the
following delta-connected load:

Solve for the three line currents.


A. 12.45 A, 9 A, 22.45 A
B. 13.49 A, 9 A, 22.45 A
C. 13.49 A, 10 A. 20.22 A
D. 12.45 A, 10 A, 20.22 A
868. EE Board Exam October 1985
Given:

Solve for the three line currents Ia, Ib and Ic.


A. Ia = 45 A, Ib = 43 A, Ic = 20 A
B. Ia = 48 A, Ib = 42 A, Ic = 24 A
C. Ia = 45 A, Ib = 42 A, Ic = 20 A
D. Ia = 48 A, Ib = 43 A, Ic = 24 A

869. EE Board Exam April 1985


A three phase 230-V circuit serves two single-phase loads, A and B. Load A
is an induction motor rated 8 hp, 230 V, 0.70 pf, 0.90 efficiency, which is
connected across lines a and b. Load B draws 5 kW at 1.0 pf and is
connected across lines b and c. Assume a sequence of a-b-c, solve for the
current on line b.
A. 42.19 A
C. 41.08 A
B. 27.74 A
D. 34.46 A
870. EE Board Exam April 1980
A factory is supplied by a three-phase, 3-wire system with the following
characteristics:
Find the line current Ib.
A. 145.3 A
B. 163.3 A

C.
D.

184.6 A
166.5 A

871. EE Board Exam April 1988


Three unequal single-phase loads so connected across the lines of a
balanced, 3-phase, 230 volts circuit. The first takes 106 A at 0.78 pf lagging
and is connected across lines 1 & 2. The second takes 142 A at 0.82 pf
lagging and is connected across 2 & 3. And the third takes 28.4 kW at 0.77
pf lagging. Determine total apparent power.
A. 94 kVA
C. 78 kVA
B. 83 kVA
D. 101 kVA
872. REE Board Exam October 1996
The following information is given for a delta-connected load of three
numerically equal impedances that differ in power factor. Line voltage = 120
volts.
,
and
. Phase
sequence of voltages is a-b-c. Using the phase sequence as a guide,
calculate the total power drawn by the load.
A. 2,624 W
C. 2,564 W
B. 2,472 W
D. 2,731 W
873. EE Board Exam April 1993
In AC circuit, find the total power in kW in an unbalanced three-phase circuit
loaded as follows: Phase I = 120 V, 100 A, unity pf. Phase II = 100 V, 230 A,
80% pf and phase III = 110 V, 85 A, 77% pf.
A. 37.6 kW
C. 32.8 kW
B. 35.3 kW
D. 38.2 kW
874. EE Board Exam April 1983

Two single-phase transformers are connected in V (open delta) and serving


a delta connected impedance load. Each impedance is equal to
. If the transformer voltages impressed on the impedances are
,
,
. Solve for the total
kVA drawn by the load.
A. 6.23
C. 10.8
B. 8.31
D. 11.3
875. EE Board Exam October 1980, October 1982
Three impedances Zan = 20 + j0, Zbn = 16 + j12, Zcn = 5 j15 ohms, are
connected in wye across a 230 V (line to line), 3-phase, 4-wire source. The
phase sequence is a-b-c, counterclockwise. Determine the current passing
thru the neutral.
A. 7.54 A
C. 8.81 A
B. 9.12 A
D. 8.02 A
876. EE April 1981
A wye-connected transformer with neutral connection has balanced voltages
of 265 V between lines and neutral. The transformer is serving two single
phase motors. Motor A (rated 4 hp, 0.90 efficiency, 0.80 power factor
lagging) is connected across line a and neutral. Motor B (rated 3 hp, 0.85
efficiency, 0.85 power factor lagging) is connected across line b and neutral.
Solve for the neutral current, using Van as reference vector.
A. 20.42 A
C. 22.45 A
B. 25.37 A
D. 23.14 A
877. REE Board Exam October 1998
The loads of a wye connected transformer are: Ia = 10 cis (-30); Ib = 12 cis
215; Ic = 15 cis 82. What is the neutral current?
A. 1.04 cis 72.8
C. 0.92 cis 62.5
B. 2.21 cis (-30)
D. 3.11 cis 72.6
878. EE Board Exam April 1980
A factory is supplied by a three-phase, 3-wire system with the following
characteristics:
Determine the power consumed by the load.
A. 42.75 kW
C. 40.23 kW
B. 48.78 kW
D. 45.12 kW
879. EE Board Exam April 1981
The following voltages and line currents were measured to a 3-phase, 3-wire
feeder serving a commercial building:

Solve for the real power in kW drawn by the commercial building.


A. 402.2
C. 419.5
B. 404.5
D. 421.5
880. EE Board Exam October 1981
A 3-phase, 3-wire load draws the following line currents:
,
and
. If the voltages impressed on the load
are balanced 3-phase, having a magnitude of 4140 volts line to line, solve for
the total power in kW.
A. 556.16
C. 536.54
B. 506.85
D. 520.18
881. EE Board Exam October 1983
Given the following load impedances in delta and the impressed voltages as
follows:

What will be the reading of the two wattmeters connected to measure total
power. Use line a as the common potential point.
A. 3.869 kW, 9.031 kW
C. 3.125 kW, 6.778 kW
B. 2.546 kW, 8.357 kW
D. 4.055 kW, 9.848 kW
882. EE Board Exam October 1984
The 3-phase power supply to a factory has the following measurements:

Solve for the total power drawn.


A. 60.2 kW
C.
B. 56.5 kW
D.

58.8 kW
62.4 kW

883. EE Board Exam April 1985


A three-phase 230-V circuit serves two single-phase loads, A and B. Load A
is an induction motor rated 8 hp, 230 V, 0.70 pf, 0.90 efficiency, which is
connected across lines a and b. Load B draws 5 kW at 1.0 pf and is
connected across lines b and c. Assume a sequence of a-b-c, solve for the
total power factor of the load.
A. 0.907
C. 0.864
B. 0.704
D. 0.886
884. EE Board Exam October 1987
A wound rotor motor, 7.5 HP, 230 volts, 3-phase takes a line current of 18.4
ampere, when operating at rated output at an efficiency of 88%. Calculate

the indication on the wattmeter when this is inserted to measure power by


the T-method.
A. 3.179 kW
C. 3.361 kW
B. 4.401 kW
D. 4.042 kW
885. EE Board Exam October 1994
A wattmeter with its current coil in line 2 and potential coil across lines 2 and
3 is connected to a balanced 3-phase system. The only load supplied is a
single phase one connected to lines 1 and 2. This load is known to be
inductive. If the wattmeter reads zero watts, determine the power factor of
the single-phase load.
A. 0.707
C. 0.800
B. 0.866
D. 0.900
886. EE Board Exam April 1984
A balanced 3-phase load draws 75 amperes line current at 230 volts line to
line and 0.848 lagging power factor. If the two-wattmeter is used, solve for
the readings of the two wattmeters.
A. 15.32 kW, 10.02 kW
C. 16.42 kW, 8.92 kW
B. 17.86 kW, 7.48 kW
D. 17.24 kW, 8.10 kW
887. EE Board Exam October 1980
Three equal impedances, each having a resistance of 8 ohms and an
inductive reactance of 7 ohms are connected in delta to lines a, b and c of a
240 V, 3-phase, 3-wire line, phase sequence a-b-c. What is the reading of a
single-phase wattmeter connected with its current coil in line a and the
potential coil across lines b and c?
A. 6,180 W
C. 6,561 W
B. 6,324 W
D. 6,004 W
888. EE Board Exam October 1992
A 3-phase feeder carries two lagging balanced loads. The power observed
by each is measured by two wattmeter method, giving the following readings:
First Load:
W1 = 160 kW
W2 = 96 kW
Second Load:
W1 = 90 kW
W2 = 48 kW
What is the combined kVA load on the feeder?
A. 434.68
C. 504.35
B. 462.35
D. 420.12
889. EE Board Exam October 1992
National Power Corporation used two wattmeters to measure 3-phase power
of a balanced Y-connected lagging power factor motor loads. Each
wattmeter indicates 15.4 kW. The voltage coils are connected across lines 2
and 3, and across lines 1 and 3, respectively. The line to line voltages are

230 volts with V12 leading V23 and the line currents are each 120 A.
Calculate the total power supplied.
A. 37.44 kW
C. 39.67 kW
B. 30.72 kW
D. 34.88 kW
890. EE Board Exam April 1980
A factory is supplied by a three-phase, 3-wire system with the following
characteristics:
A.
B.

0.934 lagging
0.908 lagging

C.
D.

0.892 lagging
0.866 lagging

891. EE Board Exam October 1981


A 3-phase, 3-wire load draws the following line currents:
,
and
. If the voltages
impressed on the load are balanced 3-phase, having a magnitude of 4140
volts line to line, solve for the power factor of the load.
A. 0.976
C. 0.982
B. 0.999
D. 0.906
892. EE Board Exam April 1995
Three unequal single-phase induction motor loads are connected across the
lines and neutral conductor of a balanced, 3-phase, 350 volts circuit. The line
to neutral voltages is each 202 volts. The first load takes 20 kW at 0.82
power factor, the second takes 28 kW at 0.75 power factor, and the third
takes 36 kW at 0.80 power factor. What is the current in the neutral
conductor?
A. 105.5 amps
C. 125.4 amps
B. 86.6 amps
D. none of these
893. For an unbalanced load which connection is suitable
A. 3 wire open delta
B. 4 wire star connection
C. 3 wire delta connection
D. 3 wire star connection
894. What is the minimum number of wattmeters required for measuring power of
a three phase balanced load?
A. two
C. one
B. four
D. three
895. The power is to be measured for a balanced delta connected load whose
terminals cannot be opened. How many wattmeters do you need?
A. four
C. two

B.

one

D.

three

896. What is the minimum number of wattmeters required to measure unbalanced


power for a three-phase system?
A. two
C. three
B. four
D. one
897. In two wattmeter method, the readings of the wattmeter will be identical
when
A. load in one of the phases is zero
B. power factor is unity
C. power factor is 0.5
D. neutral is earthed
898. Two wattmeters can be used to measure 3-phase for a
A. balanced and unbalanced load
B. unbalanced load only
C. balanced load only
D. unity power factor only
899. In 2 wattmeter method, the reading of one of the wattmeter will be zero when
A. power factor is unity
B. power factor is 0.5
C. load in one of the phases is zero
D. a neutral wire is not provided
900. For a 3 phase unbalanced load
A. the power factor of each phase will be in proportional to the load
B. the power factor of each phase will be the same
C. the power factor of at least one of the phase must be leading
D. the power factor of each phase may be different
901. A wattmeter is installed in a balanced 3-phase system. The wattmeter will
measure
R
Y
B

A.
B.

total power
real power

C.
D.

active power
reactive power

902. A three-phase, three-wire, 240 V, CBA system supplies power a wyeconnected load with impedances of
,
. Find
the total power.
A. 1,553 W
C. 1,883 W
B. 2,589 W
D. 2,104 W
903. A 100 V, balanced three-phase source has two single-phase loads. The first
load has an impedance of (5 + jX) ohms and connected across lines A and
B. The second load is connected across B and C and has an impedance of
(R j2) ohms. Determine the values of R and X, if the current in line B is
A and the ratio of X to R is 1.5.
A. 2 , 3
C. 4 , 6
B. 3 , 4.5
D. 5 , 7.5
904. Three single phase loads
balanced three phase source.
A,
component of the currents?
A.
A
B.
A

are connected between lines of a 280 V,


The currents measured in lines B and C are:
A. What is the negative sequence
C.
D.

A
A

905. Two of the three unbalanced currents are given for an unbalanced, threephase system. Find the positive sequence of phase B current of the neutral
current is
A.
A.
A
C.
B.
A
D.
A
906. The phase b voltage and the phase b current of a balanced 3-phase system
are: V = 220 sin (t + 210) and I = 10 sin (t 180). What is the power of
the system?
A. 3300 W
C. 1905 W
B. 5716 W
D. 3810 W
907. Two voltage generators are in series. The voltage being generated are V ab =
50 sin(t - 30) and Vbc = 100 sin(t + 60). What is the output voltage Vac?
A. 111.83 cis 33.5
C. 145.5 cis 50.1
B. 50 cis 30
D. 150 cis 30

B.

Its poles

D.

neither zeros nor poles

910. The pole-zero configuration of a network function is shown. The magnitude


of the transfer function will
A.
B.
C.
D.

Decrease with frequency


increase with frequency
Initially increase and then decreases with frequency
Be independent of frequency

911. Given I1 = 2V1 + V2 and I2 = V1 + V2 the Z-parameters are given by


A. 2, 1, 1, 1
C. 1, 1, 1, 2
B. 1, -1, -1, 2
D. 2, -1, 1, 1
912. The short circuit admittance matrix of a two-port network is as shown
The two-port network is
A. Non reciprocal & passive
B. Non-reciprocal & active
C. Reciprocal & passive
D. reciprocal & active
913. If the two port network is reciprocal, then
A. Z12 / Y12 = Z122 Z11 Z12
B. Z12 = 1/Y22
C. h12 = -h21
D. AD-BC = 0
914. Two networks are cascaded through an ideal buffer. If tr1 & tr2 are the rise
times of two networks, then the over-all rise time of the two networks
together will be
A. tr1 tr2
C. tr1 + tr2
B. (tr12 +tr22)
D. (tr1 + tr2 )/ 2
915. Which one of the following combinations of open circuit voltage and
Thevenins equivalent resistance represents the Thevenins equivalent of the
circuit shown in the given figure?

TWO PORT NETWORKS


908. As the poles of a network shift away from the axis, the response
A. remain constant
C. becomes more oscillating
B. becomes less oscillating D. none of these
909. The response of a network is decided by the location of
A. Its zeros
C. both zeros & poles

A.

1 V, 10

C.

1 mV, 1 k

B.

1 V, 1 k

D.

1 mV, 10

A.
B.

10 + j4
8 j6

C.
D.

-8 j4
12 j6

D. Symmetrical Components
916. REE Board Exam October 1998
If the loads of a wye-connected transformer are:
Ia = 10 cis (-30)
Ib = 12 cis 215
Ic = 15 cis 82
What is the phase b positive sequence component?
A. 13.4 cis (-32.2)
C. 12.27 cis 208.4
B. 10.2 cis 240
D. 12.27 cis (-31.6)

921. REE Board Exam October 1997


The sequence currents of phase a current are as follows:
Zero sequence current =
Positive sequence current =
Negative sequence current =
Determine the phase a current.
A.
C.
B.
D.

917. REE Board Exam March 1998, September 2001


The three unbalanced currents are:
Ia = 10 cis (-30)
Ib = 0
Ic = 10 cis 150
Find the negative sequence current of phase a.
A. 8.66 cis 30
C. -5.77
B. 5.77 cis (-60)
D. 5.77

922. REE Board Exam October 1998


The sequence components of phase a current are:
Zero sequence current = 0.47 + j1.49
Positive sequence current = 18.4 cis (-31.6)
Negative sequence current = 3.23 cis 168.2
Determine the phase b current.
A. 18 cis 215
C. 19 cis 220
B. 15 cis 240
D. 20 cis 225

918. EE Board Exam October 1984


Given the following currents:
Ia = 60 + j0 A
Ib = -36 j48 A
Ic = -48 + j36 A
Solve for the negative sequence component Ia.
A. 8.641 j1.543
C. 9.751 j1.464
B. 9.436 + j1.346
D. 8.354 + j1.034

923. REE Board Exam March 1998


The sequence components of phase a current are:
Zero sequence current = 0.47 + j1.49
Positive sequence current = 18.4 cis (-31.6)
Negative sequence current = 3.23 cis 168.2
Determine the phase c current.
A. 17.5 cis 91
C. 22.5 cis 82
B. 18 cis 215
D. 15 cis 100

919. REE Board Exam October 1998


The three unbalanced currents are:
Ia = 10 cis (-30)
Ib = 0
Ic = 10 cis 150
Find the zero sequence current.
A. 3.33 cis 30
C. 5.77
B. 0
D. 3.33

924. EE Board Exam April 1992


Determine the symmetrical components of the line current in line a if one of
the in-phase impedance of its delta connected load connected across lines
ca is removed. The delta load with impedance of
ohms per phase is
supplied from a 220 volts, 60 cycle, 3-phase source. Assume a phase
sequence of a-b-c.
A. Ia1 = 11 A, Ia2 = 11 A, Ia0 = 0 A
B. Ia1 = 7.33 A, Ia2 = 7.33 A, Ia0 = 7.33 A
C. Ia1 = 22 A, Ia2 = 22 A, Ia0 = 22 A
D. Ia1 = 25.4 A, Ia2 = 12.7 A, Ia0 = 0 A

920. EE Board Exam October 1984


Given the following currents:
Ia = 60 + j0 A
Ib = -36 j48 A
Ic = -48 + j36 A
Solve for the zero component of Ia.

925. EE Board Exam April 1991


A star-connected balanced load takes 75 A from a balanced 3-phase, 4-wire
supply. If the two supply lines of the fuses are removed determine the
symmetrical components of the lines after the fuses are removed.

A.
B.
C.
D.

I1 = 25 A, I2 = 25 A, I3 = 25 A
I1 = 25 A, I2 = 50 A, I3 = 0 A
I1 = 75 A, I2 = 75 A, I3 = 75 A
I1 = 75 A, I2 = 0 A, I3 = 0 A

926. REE Board Exam September 2000


If the loads of a wye-connected transformer are:
Ia = 10 cis (-30)
Ib = 12 cis 215
Ic = 15 cis 82
Find the positive sequence component of phase a current.
A. 13.4 cis (-32.2)
C. 12.27 cis 208.4
B. 10.2 cis 240
D. 12.27 cis (-31.6)
927. The method of symmetrical components is very useful for
A. solving unbalanced polyphase circuits
B. analyzing the performance of 3-phase electrical machinery
C. calculating currents resulting from unbalanced faults
D. all of the above
928. An unbalanced system of 3-phase voltages having RYB sequence actually
consists of
A. a positive-sequence component
B. a negative-sequence component
C. a zero-sequence component
D. all of the above
929. The zero-sequence component of the unbalanced 3-phase system of vectors
VA, VB and VC is of their vector sum.
A. one-third
C. two-third
B. one-half
D. one-fourth
930. In the case of an unbalanced star-connected load supplied from an
unbalanced 3-, 3 wire system, load currents will consists of
A. positive-sequence components
B. negative-sequence components
C. zero-sequence components
D. only A and B
931. In symmetrical components, what is the vector sum of 1 + a + a2?
A. 1
C. -1
B. 0
D. infinity
932. REE Board Exam October 1997
The sequence currents of a three phase current are:

Zero sequence current = 14.13 cis 17.34


Positive sequence current = 708.26 cis (-31)
Negative sequence current = 2.98 cis 10.06
Determine the phase a current.
A. 720 cis (-30)
C. 710 cis 88
B. 730 cis (-15.2)
D. 695 cis 15.2
933. REE Board Exam April 2001
The three unbalanced currents are:
Ia = 10 cis (-30)
Ib = 0
Ic = 10 cis 150
Find the phase B positive sequence current.
A. 8.66 A
C. 5.77 A
B. 5.77 cis 240 A
D. 8.66 cis 120 A
934. REE Board Exam September 2002
The phase currents of a three-phase system are:
Ia = 100 cis 0
Ib = 80 cis 240
Ic = 91.8 cis 130.9
Find the zero sequence current.
A. 90.23 cis 3.68 A
B. 270.7 cis 3.68 A
C. 34.68 cis (-30.24) A
D. none of the above
935. Given three unbalanced three-phase voltages:
Va = 150 + j0 V
Vb = -90 j120 V
Vc = -120 + j90 V
Determine Va1
A. 142.43 + j12.35
B. 135.32 j 1.34
C. 145.62 + j13.66
D. 140.23 j9.32
936.
A.
B.

C.
D.