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Pacific Affairs

Vol. 56, No. 1

Spring 1983

PAGE
Cultural Policy in India, Part 1
Establishing a Niche for Cultural
Policy: An Introduction

Lloyd I. Rudolph

Rethinking Secularism: Genesis and


Implications of the Textbook
Lloyd I. Rudolph
Controversy, 1977-79
Susanne Hoeber Rudolph

15

Cultivating Science as Cultural Policy:


A Contrast of Agricultural and
Nuclear Science in India
Robert S. Anderson

38

Sino-Japanese Security Cooperation:


Evolution and Prospects

William T. Tow

51

Malaysia's Rubber Smallholding Industry:


Crisis and the Search for Stability

Richard Stubbs

84

The Pacific War Revisited


Review Article

Alvin D. Coox

106

Book Reviews (listed overleaf)

113

Pacific Affairs (USPS 767-380) is published quarterly by the University of British


Columbia. Office of publication: William Byrd Press, 2901 Byrdhill Rd.,
Richmond, VA 23261, U.S.A. Second-class postage paid at Richmond, Virginia.
Postmaster: Send address change to the William Byrd Press, P.O. Box 27481,
Richmond, VA 23261.

Copyright 0 1983, University of British Columbia.

BOOKS REVIEWED IN T H I S ISSUE


ASIA.The Winning of Independence. Edited by Robin
Jeffrey.
George McT. Kahin
SENTIMENTAL
IMPERIALISTS.
The American Experience in East
Asia. By James C. Thomson, Jr., Peter W. Stanley, and
John Curtis Perry. Foreword by John King Fairbank.
Warren I. Cohen
A N D ASIAN-PACIFIC
SECURITY.
A
U.S. FOREIGN
POLICY
Transregional Approach. Edited by William T . Tow and
William R. Feeney.
Michael Leifer
AND JAPAN.
Nuclear Energy Issues in the Pacific.
AUSTRALIA
Edited by Stuart Harris and Keichi Oshima.
Louis Turner
The Next
CRITICAL
ENERGY
ISSUESIN ASIAAND THE PACIFIC.
Twenty Years. By Fereidun Fesharaki, Harrison Brown,
Corazon M. Siddayao, Toufiq A. Siddiqi, Kirk R. Smith,
and Kirn Woodard.
Louis Turner
SOCIETY
AND THE WRITER.
Essays on Literature in Modern
George Woodcock
Asia. Edited by Wang Gungwu, M. Guerrero, and D. Marr.
RULE.Edited by John D. Langlois, Jr.
CHINAUNDERMONGOL
Richard John Lynn
I N CHINA.
Current Directions in Historical
WOMEN
Scholarship. Edited by Richard W. Guisso and Stanley
Johannesen.
Elisabeth Croll
CHANGE.
Zhejiang Province in
CHINESE
ELITESAND POLITICAL
the Early Twentieth Century. By R. Keith Schoppa.
John Fincher
NATIONALIST
CHINAAT WAR.Military Defeats and Political
Collapse, 1937-45. By Hsi-sheng Ch'i.
James E. Sheridan
WHENTIGERS
FIGHT.The Story of the Sino-Japanese War,
1937-1945. By Dick Wilson.
James E. Sheridan
CHINANURSE,1932-1939. By Jean Ewen.
James Bertram
NORMAN
BETHUNE.
His Times and His LegacyISon Epoque et
Son Message. Edited by A.E. Shephard and Andree
Levesque.
James Bertram
William A. Joseph
CHINA.Politics and Government. By Tony Saich.
CHINA.Alive in the Bitter Sea. By Fox Butterfield.
William Saywell
CHINAI N THE SEVENTIES.
Australian Perspectives. Edited by
Stephen FitzGerald and Pamela Hewitt.
William Saywell
SECURITY,
STRATEGY,
A N D THE LOGICOF CHINESE
FOREIGN
POLICY.
By Jonathan D. Pollack.
Dauis B. Bobrow
THECHINAFACTOR.
Peking and the Superpowers. Edited by
Gerald Segal.
D a w B. Bobrow
CHINA'S
I N THE ARABWORLD,
1955-75.
FOREIGN
POLICY
Three Case Studies. By Hashim S.H. Behbehani.
Suzanne Ogden
THEAWAKENING
GIANT.China's Ascension in World Politics.
By Harish Kapur.
Suzanne Ogden
OF CHINA.
By Ruth Sidel and Victor W. Sidel.
THEHEALTH
Bruce J . Esposito
THELYRICAL
AND THE EPIC.Studies of Modern Chinese
Richard John Lynn
Literature. By Jaroslav PrfiSek. Edited by Leo Ou-fan Lee.
FOR THE 1980s. The Fourth Congress of
CHINESE
LITERATURE
Richard King
Writers and Artists. Edited by Howard Goldblatt.
Tibetan Buddhism and Its Role in
RULEBY INCARNATION.
Society and State. By Franz Michael.
Tadeusz Skorupski
THETIBETAN
SYMBOLIC
WORLDPsychoanalytic Explorations.
Herbert V . Guenther
Bv Robert A. Paul.
COURT A N D BAKUFU
I N JAPAN.
Essays in Kamakura History.
William Wayne Farris
Edited by Jeffrey P. Mass.
JAPAN'S
RENAISSANCE.
The Politics of the Muromachi Bakufu.
By Kenneth Alan Grossberg.
William Wayne Farris
ONEHUNDRED
I N JAPAN,1873-1973. Parts I & 11. By
YEARS
John F. Howes
Gwen R.P. Norman and Howard Norman.
ANGLO-JAPANESE
ALIENATION,
1919-1952. Papers of the
Anglo-Japanese Conference on the History of the Second
World War. Edited by Ian Nish.
John H . Boyle
TRADITION
AND CHANGE
I N POSTINDUSTRIAL
JAPAN.The Role
of the Political Parties. By Roger Benjamin and Kan Ori.
Ellis S. Krauss
,

Donald W . Klein
THEUSSR AND JAPAN,1945-1980. By R.K. Jain.
Donald W . Klein
CHINAAND JAPAN,1949-1980 (Second Edition). By R.K. Jain.
THETENTHOUSAND
LEAVES.
A Translation of the Man'yoshti,
Japan's Premier Anthology of Classical Poetry. Volume
Kenneth L. Richard
One. By lan Hideo Levy.
OF EIGHTISLANDS.
An Anthology of
FROMTHE COUNTRY
Japanese Poetry. Edited and translated by Hiroaki Sato and
Kenneth L. Richard
Burton Watson, with an Introduction by Thomas Rimer.
THEZENPOEMS
OF RYOKAN.
Selected and translated by
Kenneth L. Richard
Nobuyuki Yuasa.
OF THE KOREAN
WAR.Liberation and the
THEORIGINS
Emergence of Separate Regimes, 1945-1947. By Bruce
B.C. Koh
Cumings.
B.C. Koh
KOREA.
The Untold Story of the War. By Joseph C. Goulden.
TRADITIONAL
KOREAN
LEGALATTITUDES.
By Bong Duck
Chun, William Shaw, and Dai-Kwon Choi. Preface by
H. Kim1K.E. Parker
Robert A. Scalapino.
AND ITS IMPACT
UPON KOREAN
LAW.By
MODERNIZATION
PyOng-ho Pak, Chu-su Kim, KwOn-SOP ChOng, HyOng-bae
H. Kim1K.E. Parker
Kirn, and T'ae-jun KwOn.
H. Kim1K.E. Parker
NORMS
LEGAL
IN A CONFUCIAN
STATE.By William Shaw.
SOUTHASIANCIVILIZATIONS.
A Bibliographic Synthesis. By
Maureen L.P. Patterson, in collaboration with William J.
Sylvia M . Hale
Alspaugh.
INDIAN
SUMMER.
Lutyens, Baker and Imperial Delhi. By
Richard W . Seaton
Robert Grant Irving.
AND UNIONS
I N BOMBAY.
1918-1929. A Study of
WORKERS
Morris Davis Morris
Organisation in the Cotton Mills. By Richard Newman.
MANNATHU
PADMANABHAN
AND THE REVIVAL
OF NAIRSI N
Robin Jeffrey
KERALA.
By V. Balakrishnan and R. Leela Devi.
MIGRATION
AND ETHNICITY
IN URBAN
INDIA.Kerala Migrants
M.F. Katzenstein
in the City of Madras, 1870-1970. By Susan Lewandowski.
PUNJABI
By Paul Hershman. Edited
KINSHIPAND MARRIAGE.
Murray J . Leaf
by Hilary Standing. With a Foreword by David Pocock.
MARRIAGE,
THEFAMILY,
AND WOMEN
I N INDIA.
By V.V.
Karen Leonard
Prakasa Ran and V, Nandini Rao.
TWENTY-FOUR
STORIES
BY PREMCHAND.
Translated by Nandini
Kathryn Hansen
Nopany and P. Lal.
Kathmn Hansen
PREMCHAND. His Life and Work. By V.S. Naravane.
I N ANCIENT
TAMILSOCIETY.
By Karthigesu Sivathamby. ~ a n d a k r a n t aBose
DRAMA
PAKISTAN.
Energy Planning in a Strategic Vortex. By Charles
K. Ebinger.
Raju G.C. Thomas
ROOTSOF CONFRONTATION
I N SOUTHASIA.Afghanistan,
Ashok Kapur
Pakistan, India, and the Superpowers. By Stanley Wolpert.
COMMUNITY
AND NATION.
Essays on Southeast Asia and The
Lea E. Wzlliams
Chinese. By Wang Gungwu. Selected by Anthony Reid.
THEASEAN STATES
AND REGIONAL
SECURITY.
By Sheldon W.
Mzchael Leifer
Simon.
A HISTORY
OF MODERN
INDONESIA:
C. 1300 TO THE PRESENT.
Robert V a n Nzel
By M.C. Ricklefs.
THEROADTO POWER.Indonesian Military Politics, 1945Harold Crouch
1967. By Ulf Sundhaussen.
DOUGLAS
MACARTHUR.
The Philippine Years. By Carol
Napoleon J . Casambre
Morris Petillo.
THEISLANDS.
America's Imperial Adventure in the
Napoleon J . Casambre
Philippines. By Emily Hahn.
PASSING
THE TORCH.
By Edward Doyle, Samuel Lipsman,
Stephen Weiss, and the editors of Boston Publishing
Company.
Douglas Ross
THETENTHOUSAND
DAYWAR.Vietnam, 1945-1975. By
Douglas Ross
Michael Maclear.
THEVIETNAM TRAUMA
I N AMERICAN
FOREIGN
POLICY,1945Davzd P. Chandler
75. By Paul M. Kattenburg.

157
159
159
162
162
162
165
166
167
169
170
172
173
174
174

THEENDLESS
WAR.Fifty Years of Struggle in Vietnam. By
Dauid P. Chandler
James Pinckney Harrison.
VIETNAM
SINCETHE FALLOF SAIGON.
By William J. Duiker.
Chris Nyland
THEWILLOF HEAVEN.
A Story of One Vietnamese and the
E n d of His World. By Nguyen N g ~ cNgan, with E.E.
Chris Nyland
Richey.
AFTERSAIGON
FELL.Daily Life Under the Vietnamese
Chris Nyland
Communists. By Nguyen Long, with Harry H. Kendall.
KERAJAAN.
Malay Political Culture on the Eve of Colonial
Nicholas Tarling
Rule. By A.C. Milner.
FROMSANGHA
TO LAITY.Nationalist Movements of Burma,
1920-1940. By U Maung Maung.
Fred R. won der Mehden
OKEANIA:
SPRAVOCHNIK.
Edited by K.V. Malakhovskii and
V.P. Nikolaev.
John J . Stephan
PARTYPOLITICS:
AUSTRALIA,
1966-198 1. By James Jupp.
R.K. Curly
POLITICS
IN ETHNICALLY
BIPOLAR
STATES.Guyana, Malaysia,
Margaret Clark
Fiji. By R.S. Milne.

CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ISSUE


LLOYDI. RUDOLPH,
Professor of Political Science and Chairman, Public
Affairs Program, University of Chicago, U.S.A. Co-author (with
Susanne Hoeber Rudolph) of The Modernity of Tradition (University of
Chicago Press, 1967), The Regional Imperative: U.S. Policy Toward South
Asian States (Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey: Humanities PressINew
Delhi: Concept Publishers, 1980), and I n Pursuit of Lakshimi: The
Political Economy of the Indian State (forthcoming).
SUSANNE
HOEBER
RUDOLPH,
Professor of Political Science and Director,
South Asian Language and Area Center, University of Chicago,
U.S.A. Co-author (with Lloyd I. Rudolph) of The Modernity of Tradition
(University of Chicago Press, 1967), Education and Politics in India:
Studies in Organization, Society, and Policy (Harvard University Press,
1972), and Gandhi: The Traditional Roots of Charisma (University of
Chicago Press, 1983).
ROBERTS. ANDERSON,
Associate Professor of Communication, Simon
Fraser University, Canada. Co-editor (with Paul R. Brass, et al.) of
Science, Politics, and the Agricultural Revolution in Asia (Boulder, Colorado: Westview, Press, 1982).
WILLIAMT . Tow, Visiting Assistant Professor for the University of
Southern California, School of International Relations' German Graduate Program, in Munich, West Germany. Co-editor of China, the
Soviet Union, and the West: Strategic and Political Dimensions i n the 1980s
(Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1982).
RICHARD
STUBBS,Associate Professor of Political Science, St. Francis
Xavier University, Canada.
ALVIND. Coox, Professor of History and Graduate Coodinator for
Asian Studies, San Diego State University, U.S.A. Author of The
Anatomy of a Small War: The Soviet-Japanese Struggle for ChangkufengI
Khasan, 1938 (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1977) and
NomonhanIKhalkhin Gol:Japan Against Russia, 1939 (Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, forthcoming); co-editor (with Hilary
Conroy) of China and Japan: Search for Balance since World War I (Santa
Barbara, California: Clio Press, 1978).

Pacific Affairs
Vol. 56, No. 2

Summer 1983

Carol Lee Hamrin

209

The Structure and Consequences of


Temple Policy in Tamil Nadu,
1967-8 1
Franklin A. Presler

232

Who Should Speak for the Performing


Arts? The Case of the Delhi Dancers Joan L. Erdman

247

The Fish-eyed Goddess Meets the Movie


Star: An Eyewitness Account of the Fifth
Norman Cutler
International Tamil Conference

270

Revising the Past in Democratic Kampuchea:


When Was the Birthday of the Party?
Notes and Comments
David P. Chandler

288

The Opposing Thumb: Recent Philippine


Literature in English
Review Article
Leonard Casper

301

Book Reviews (listed overleaf)

310

China Reassesses the Superpowers


Cultural Policy in India, Part 2

Pacific Affairs (USPS 767-380) is published quarterly by the University of British


Columbia. Office of publication: William Byrd Press, 2901 Byrdhill Rd.,
Richmond, VA 23261, U.S.A. Second-class postage paid at Richmond, Virginia.
Postmaster: Send address change to the William Byrd Press, P.O. Box 27481,
Richmond, VA 23261.

Copyright 0 1983, University of British Columbia.

BOOKS REVIEWED IN T H I S ISSUE


THEEASTASIA
EDGE.By Roy Hofheinz, Jr. and Kent E.
Calder.
Ronald Dare 3 10
A N D THE THIRD
WORLD.Revolution and
AMERICA
Intervention. By John L.S. Girling.
Marilyn B. Young 3 1 1
REVOLUTION
IN
POLITICS,AND THE AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCE,
ASIA.Edited by Robert S. Anderson, Paul R. Brass, Edwin
Levy, and Barrie M. Morrison.
William A. Blanpied 3 13
TECHNOLOGY,
POLITICS,AND SOCIETYIN CHINA.By Rudi
William A. Blanpied 3 13
Volti.
BUREAUCRATIE
ET FAMINE
EN CHINEA U 18E SIECLE.By PierreEtienne Will.
Charles Le Blanc 3 15
T H ETHISTLE
AND THE JADE. A Celebration of 150 Years of
Jardine, Matheson & Co. Edited by Maggie Keswick.
Lillian M . Li 31 7
THEMAY30 MOVEMENT.
Events and Themes. By Richard W.
Rigby.
Parks M . Coble 3 18
OF MAOZEDONG'S
POLITICAL
THOUGHT,
THEFOUNDATIONS
1917-1935. By Brandy Womack.
Arif Dirlik 320
TO MISSILES.
Politics and Professionalism in
FROMMUSKETS
the Chinese Army, 1945-1981. By Harlan W. Jencks.
William W . Whitsun 322
CHINESEINDUSTRIAL
SOCIETYAFTERMAO.By Rosalie L.
Tung.
Andrew G. Walder 324
CHINA,IRAN,AND THE PERSIAN
GULF.By A.H.H. Abidi.
Suzanne Ogden 326
T H E INTERLINGUAL
CRITIC.Interpreting Chinese Poetry. By
Daniel Biyant 327
Jarnes J.Y. Liu.
PLOUGHSHARE
VILLAGE.Culture and Context in Taiwan. By
Stevan Harrell.
Edgar Wickberg 329
SUCCESS
STORY.Rapid Growth with Improved
THETAIWAN
Distribution in the Republic of China, 1952-1979. By
Shiriey W.Y. Kuo, Gustav Ranis, and John C.H. Fei.
Ching-yuan Lin 330
AND DEVELOPMENT.
Sun Yat-sen and the Economic
IDEOLOGY
History of Taiwan. By A. Jarnes Gregor, with Maria Hsia
Ching-yuan Lin 330
Chang and Andrew B. Zimmerman.
JAPANBEFORETOKUGAWA.
Political Consolidation and
Economic Growth. 1500 to 1650. Edited bv, .,Iohn Whitnev
Hall, Nagahara
and Kozo Yarnarnura.
William Wayne Fan-is
MARRIAGE
I N CHANGING
JAPAN.Community and Society. By
Anne E . Imamura
Joy Hendry.
JAPAN1981182. Politik und Wirtschaft. Edited by Manfred
Pohl.
Kurt Steiner
SOGOSHOSHA.
T h e Vanguard of the Japanese Economy. By
W . Mark Fruin
Yoshihara Kunio.
WHYHASJAPAN "SUCCEEDED"?
Western Technology and the
W . Mark Fruin
Japanese Ethos. By Michio Morishima.
WORKWAYS.Japan and America. By Shin-ichi Takezawa and
Arthur M. Whitehill.
Ronald Dore
COPINGWITH U.S.-JAPANESE
ECONOMIC
CONFLICTS.
Edited by
I.M. Destler and Hideo Sato.
Lean Hollerman
THEJAPANESE AUTOMOBILE
INDUSTRY.
Model and Challenge
Lean Holleiw~an
for the Future? Edited by Robert E. Cole.
U.S.-JAPANESE
AGRICULTURAL
TRADE
RELATIONS.
Edited by
Emery N. Castle and Kenzo Hemrni, with Sally A. Skillings.
Alan Rix
THECHINAIMAGES
OF JAPAN'S CONSERVATIVES.
Analysis of
Interviews and Statements by LDP Politicians. By Makiko
Dennis B . Smith
Hamaguchi-Klenner.
KOREAA N D T w o REGIMES.Kim I1 Sung and Park Chung Hee.
By Sung Chul Yang.
Hun-Kyo Kirn
IRRIGATION
AND AGRICULTURAL
POLITICSI N SOUTHKOREA.By
Robert Wade.
Yunshik Chang
THECENSUSI N BRITISHINDIA.New Perspectives. Edited by N.
Gerald Barrier.
Clive Dewey

INDIA
I N AXISSTRATEGY.
Germany, Japan, and Indian
Stephen P. Cohen
Nationalists in the Second World War. By Milan Hauner.
INDIA,PAKISTAN
OR PAKHTUNISTAN?
The Nationalist
Movements in the North-West Frontier Province, 1937-47.
By Erland Jansson.
Akbar S. Ahn~ed
THEKHILAFAT
MOVEMENT.
Religious Symbolism and Political
Mobilization in India. By Gail Minault.
l a n Talbot
SPLITI N A PREDOMINANT
PARTY.
The Indian National
Congress in 1969. By Mahendra Prasad Singh.
Roderick Church
DEMOCRACY
I N SEARCH
OF EQUALITY.
Untouchable Politics and
Indian Social Change. By Barbara R. Joshi. With a
Foreword by Owen M. Lynch.
Mark Juergensmeyer
TENANTS
AND TRUSTEES.
A Study of the Poor in Madras. By
George E. Stoner, Jr.
Paul D. Wiebe.
GREATPOWER
RELATIONS,
WORLDORDER
AND THE THIRD
WORLD.Essays in Memory of Sisir Gupta. Edited by M.S.
Rajan and Shivaji Ganguly.
Stanley Kochanek
SOVIET-INDIAN
RELATIONS.
Issues and Influence. By Robert C.
Bliabani Sen Gupta
Horn.
AND ELITEFORMATION.
The Rise of a Karava
CASTECONFLICT
Elite in Sri Lanka, 1500-1931. By Michael Roberts.
Vijaya Samaraweera
CASTEI N TAMILCULTURE.
The Religious Foundations of
Sudra Domination in Tamil Sri Lanka. By Bryan
Burton Stein
Pfaffenberger.
L'ASIEDU SUD-EST.Indkpendances et Communismes. By
Philippe Richer.
Laura Summers
IN SOUTHEAST
ASIA.The
VILLAGE-LEVEL
MODERNIZATION
Political Economy of Rice and Water. Edited by Geoffrey B.
Hainsworth.
James C. Scott
SOUTHEAST
ASIA.Women, Changing Social Structure and
Cultural Continuity. Edited by Geoffrey B. Hainsworth, in
collaboration with Helga E. Jacobson, T.G. McGee, and
Lenore Manderson
James Placzek.
OF RURAL
ASIA.By Robert Orr Whyte and
THEWOMEN
Lenore Manderson
Pauline Whyte.
IN SOUTHEAST
ASIA.A Bibliography. By Fan Kok Sim.
Lenore Manderson
WOMEN
WHOSHALL
SUCCEED?
Agricultural Development and Social
Inequality on a Philippine Frontier. By James F. Eder.
Henry T. Lewis
"BENEVOLENT
ASSIMILIATION."
The American Conquest of the
James Hoyt
Philippines, 1899-1903. By Stuart Creighton Miller.
THECHINA-CAMBODIA-VIETNAM
TRIANGLE.
By Wilfred
Ben Kier-nan
Burchett.
BUREAUCRATS,
PETTYBOURGEOIS
AND TOWNSMEN.
An
Observation on Status Identification in Kota Bharu. By
Halim Haji Salleh.
Judith Nagata
OFFICIELE
BESCHEIDEN
BETREFFENDE DE NEDERLANDSBETREKKINGEN,
1945-1950. Negende Deel:
INDONESISCHE
21 Mei-20 fuli 1947. Edited by the late S.L. van der Wal,
completed by P.J. Drooglever and M.J.B. Schouten.
Paul W . van der Veur
THESPELLOF THE ANCESTORS
AND THE POWER
OF MEKKAH.
A Sasak Community on Lombok. By Sven Cederroth.
Judith L. Ecklund
THEUNKNOWN
BALINESE.
Land, Labour and Inequality in
Judith L. Ecklund
Lombok. By Ingela Gerdin.
INTEREST
GROUPS
AND POLITICAL
LINKAGE
IN INDONESIA,
1800-1965. By Dwight Y. King.
Benedict R . O'G. Anderson
CAPTAIN
COOK'SFINALVOYAGE.
The Journal of Midshipman
George Gilbert. Introduced and edited by Christine
James A. Boutilier
Holmes.
SLAVERS
IN PARADISE.
The Peruvian Slave Trade in Polynesia,
1862-1864. By H.E. Maude.
James A. Boutilier
PERSON
AND MYTH.Maurice Leenhardt in the Melanesian
James A. Boutilier
World. By James Clifford.

350
352
353
354
356
357
358
360
36 1
363
363
365

367
367
367
369
37 1
372
373

375
377
377
378
380
380
380

AUSTRALIA'S
NORTH-WEST
CHALLENGE.
By W.A. Beattie and
M. de Lacy Lowe.
ENERGY
IN AUSTRALIA.
Politics and Economics. By Hugh
Saddler.
BECOMING
AMERICANS.
Asian Sojourners, Immigrants, and
Refugees in the Western United States. By Tricia Knoll.
Foreword by Edwin 0. Reischauer.
DESERT
EXILE.The Uprooting of a Japanese American
Family. By Yoshiko Uchida.

Anthony Scott 382


Anthony Scott 382
Yuen-fong Woon 385
Takie Sugiyama Lebra 386

BRIEFLY NOTED
CHINA.A Political History, 1917-1980. By Richard C. Thornton. Ronald C. Keith 387
HONGKONG.Economic Growth and Policy. By A.J. Youngson.
Alvin Rabushka 388
GANDHI
I N LONDON.
By James D. Hunt.
/.I. ( H a m ) Bakker -389

CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ISSUE


CAROLLEEHAMRIN,
Research Specialist for China, U.S. Department of
State, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

FRANKLIN
A. PRESLER,
Assistant Professor of Political Science, Kalamazoo College, U.S.A.
L. ERDMAN,
Research Associate, Committee on Southern Asian
Studies, University of Chicago, U.S.A.; Coordinator of the Outreach
Educational Project of the South Asia Language and Area Center,
University of Chicago. Author of The Artist i n Indian Society: Patrons
and Performers in Rajusthan (New Delhi: Vikas, forthcoming).

JOAN

NORMANCUTLER,Assistant Professor, Department of South Asian


Languages and Civilizations, University of Chicago, U.S.A. He has
published a translation, with critical introduction, of two devotional
poems (Consider Our Vow: A n English Translation of Tiruppavai and
Tiruvempavai [Madurai: Muthu Patippakam, 19791).
DAVIDP. CHANDLER,
Research Director, Centre of Southeast Asian
Studies, Monash University, Australia. His most recent books are A
History of Cambodia (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1983) and
(ed., with Ben Kiernan) Revolution and Its Aftermath (New Haven,
Connecticut: Yale University, Council on Southeast Asia, 1983).
LEONARD
CASPER,Professor of contemporary American literature and
director of creative writing, Boston College, U.S.A. Among his many
books in the field of Philippine literature are Six Filipino Poets (Manila:
Benipayo Press, 1955); Modern Philippine Short Stories (Albuquerque:
University of New Mexico Press, 1962); and New Writing from the
Philippines: A Critique and Anthology (Syracuse, New York: Syracuse
University Press, 1966).

Pacific Affairs
Fall 1983

Vol. 56, No. 3

The Triumphs and Failures of Mass


Education in Vietnam

Alexander Woodside

40 1

Marxism and Theravada Buddhism:


T h e Legitimation of Political
Authority in Laos

Martin Stuart-Fox

428

The Politics of Poverty Eradication: The


Implementation of Development Projects
Shamsul A.B.
in a Malaysian District

455

In Search of Dynamism: Foreign Investment


in the Philippines under Martial Law Charles W . Lindsey

477

T h e Industrial Destructuring of the


Japanese Aluminum Industry

495

Richa*.

Samuels

Correspondence

510

Book Reviews (listed overleaf)

516

Contributors to This Issue

609

Pacific Affairs (USPS 767-380) is published quarterly by the University of British


Columbia. Office of publication: William Byrd Press, 2901 Byrdhill Rd.,
Richmond, VA 23261, U.S.A. Second-class postage paid at Richmond, Virginia.
Postmaster: Send address change to the William Byrd Press, P.O. Box 27481,
Richmond, VA 23261.

Copyright 0 1983, University of British Columbia.

BOOKS REVIEWED IN T H I S ISSUE


FOREIGN
RELATIONS
OF THE UNITEDSTATES,1952-1954.
Volume XIII: Indochina (in two parts). Edited by Neal H.
David P. Chandler 5 16
Petersen.
KenBooth 517
SOVIETPOLICYI N EASTASIA.Edited by Donald S. Zagoria.
A N D MARKETS
I N THE FAREAST.A
FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS
Study of China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea and
J . W.C. Tomlinson 5 18
Taiwan. Edited by Michael T . Skully.
CIVILIZATION.
By Jacques Gernet.
A HISTORYOF CHINESE
Derh Bodde 5 l 9
Translated by J.R. Foster.
ON CHINA'S
LEGALTRADITION.
Edited by Jerome Alan
ESSAYS
R.R.C. de Crespigny 52 1
Cohen, R. Randle Edwards, and Fu-mei Chang Chen.
FUNDAMENTAL
LEGALCONCEPTS
OF CHINA
A N D THE WEST.
R.R.C. de Crespigny 521
A Comparative Study. By Hyung I. Kim.
A N D MODERN
CHINA,1876-1936. By Peter
AMERICAN
SCIENCE
Shannon R . Brown 523
Buck.
THE CHINESE.
T h e Western Armaments Trade in
ARMING
Thomas L. Kennedy 524
Warlord China, 1920-1928. By Anthony B. Chan.
A COMINTERN
AGENTI N CHINA,1932-1939. By Otto Braun.
Translated by Jeanne Moore, with a n Introduction by Dick
James P. Hairison 525
Wilson.
CHINATURNED
RIGHTSIDE
UP. Revolutionary Legitimacy in
Elizabeth J . Peny 527
the Peasant World. By Ralph Thaxton.
DE MAO. Essai d'interL'ARMEEROUGEET L'ASCENSION
pretation sur la montke au pouvoir d e Mao Zedong au sein
Diana Laiy 529
du Parti communiste chinois. By H u Chi-hsi.
Martin King Wlcyte 53 1
CHINESEANTI-COMMUNISTS.
By J.A. Fyfield.
RE-EDUCATING
A PEKIN.Wei Jingsheng, Fu Yuehua. By
PROCESPOLITIQUES
Victor Sidane and Wojtek Zafanolli. With the collaboration
of Bao Longtu and Francois Rauzier. Preface by Lucien
Rent? Goldman 532
Bianco.
J'ACCUSEDEVANT LE TRIBUNAL
DE LA SOCIETE.By Liu Qing.
Rent? Goldman 532
Preface by Jean Pasqualini.
China's Agriculture since 1949. By
FOODFOR ONEBILLION.
Robert Ash 534
Robert C. Hsu.
T h e Foreign Policy of the PRC
CHINAI N WORLDAFFAIRS.
Michael Yahuda 535
since 1970. By Golam W. ~ h o u d h i r ~ .
THESING-SOVIET
CONFLICT.
A Global Perspective. Edited by
Karen Erickson Orvik
Herbert J . Ellison.
J . Bruce Jacobs
CHINESERITUALA N D POLITICS.
By Emily Martin Ahern.
LYRICPOETSOF THE SOUTHERN
T A N G Feng
.
Yen-ssu, 903David Hawltes
960, and Li Yu, 937-978. By Daniel Bryant.
CRITICAL
ESSAYSON CHINESE
FICTION.
Edited by Winston L.Y.
Michael S . Duke
Yang and Curtis P. Adkins.
T H ECHINESE
NOVELAT THE TURN
OF THE CENTURY.
Edited by
Milena DoleZelovA-Velingerova.
Richard John Lynn
DINGLING'SFICTION.Ideology and Narrative in Modern
David Holm
Chinese Literature. By Yi-tsi Mei Feuerwerker.
CHINESE
PAINTING
STYLE.Media, Methods, and Principles of
lames 0. Caswell
Form. By Jerome Silbergeld.
Neil McMullin
HIDEYOSHI.
By Mary Elizabeth Berry.
THEREVOLUTIONARY
ORIGINS
OF MODERN
JAPAN.By Thomas
M. Huber.
James L. McClain
A DIPLOMAT'S
WIFEI N JAPAN.Sketches at the T u r n of the
Century. By Mary Crawford Fraser. Edited by Hugh
E. Patricia Tsurumi
Cortazzi.
PEARLHARBOR,
7. DELEMBER
1941. Der Ausbruch des Krieges
zwischen Japan und den Vereinigten Staaten und die
Ausweitung des europaischen Krieges zum Zweiten
Hemy Cord MeyerWeltkrieg. By Peter Herde.
OCCUPATION
DIPLOMACY.
Britain, the United States and
Richard H . Minear
Japan, 1945-1952. By Roger Buckley.

POLITICAL
LEADERSHIP
I N CONTEMPORARY
JAPAN.Edited by
Nobuo Tomita
Terry Edward MacDougall.
PARTIES,
CANDIDATES,
A N D VOTERSI N JAPAN. Six Quantitative
Nobuo Tomita
Studies. Edited by John Creighton Campbell.
MIRACLE.
T h e Growth of Industrial
MITI A N D THE JAPANESE
Kent E. Calder
Policy, 1925-1975. By Chalmers Johnson.
JAPAN'S ECONOMY.
Coping with Change in the International
Andrea Bollho
Environment. Edited by Daniel I. Okimoto.
THEPOSTWAR
JAPANESE
ECONOMY.
Its Development and
Structure. By Takafusa Nakamura. Translated by
Ron Napier
Jacqueline Kaminski.
MIRACLE
BY DESIGN.
T h e Real Reasons behind Japan's
Lean Hollerman
Economic Success. By Frank Gibney.
RUSSIAN
STUDIESOF JAPAN.An Exploratory Survey. By E.
Peggy L. Falkenheim
Stuart Kirby.
SOCIETY.By Roger L. Janelli
ANCESTOR
WORSHIPA N D KOREAN
Seung Gyu Moon
and Dawnhee Yim Janelli.
I N BRITISHINDIA.
Deoband, 1860-1900. By
ISLAMIC
REVIVAL
Yohanan Friedmann
Barbara Daly Metcalf.
D.A. Washbrook
I N SOUTHEAST
INDIA.By Kathleen Gough.
RURALSOCIETY
A N D SOCIETY
I N MODERN
INDIA.Essays in Honor of
LANGUAGE
Professor Robert 0. Swan. Edited by Robert I. Crane and
Carole Farber
Bradford Spangenberg.
INDIA.Cultural Patterns and Processes. Edited by Alien G.
Carole Farber
Noble and Ashok K. Dutt.
Sylvia Vatuk
DRAVIDIAN
KINSHIP.By Thomas R. Trautmann.
TWINS.T h e Telling of a South Indian Folk Epic.
THETHREE
R.E. Asher
By Brenda E.F. Beck.
WORLD.Some Themes in the
MENA N D GODSI N A CHANGING
Religious Experience of Twentieth-Century Hindus and
C.G. Hospital
Christians. By Judith M. Brown.
OF GANDHI.
A Study of His Basic Ideas. By
T H EPHILOSOPHY
Glyn Richards.
Robert A. Huttenback
A MOUNTAIN
IN TIBET.
T h e Search for Mount Kailas and the
George Woodcock
Sources of the Great Rivers of India. By Charles Alien.
SOUTHASIANSECURITY
AFTERAFGHANISTAN.
By G.S.
Robert G. Wirsing
Bhargava.
AFGHANISTAN.
T h e Soviet Invasion in Perspective. By
Eden Naby
Anthony Arnold.
REPORTFROM AFGHANISTAN.
By Gerard Chaliand. Translated
Eden Naby
by Tarmar Jacoby.
AFGHANISTAN
CRISIS.Implications and Options for the
Muslim World, Iran, and Pakistan. By Tahir Amin. With an
Eden Naby
Introduction by Khurshid Ahmad.
AFGHANISTAN
UNDERSOVIETDOMINATION,
1964-81. By
Anthony Hyman.
Milan Hauner
T o o RAPIDRURALDEVELOPMENT.
Perceptions and
Perspectives from Southeast Asia. Edited by Colin
Geoffrey B. Hainsworth
MacAndrews and Chia Lin Sien.
UNDERSTANDING
ASEAN. Edited by Alison Broinowski.
Donald Crone
REGIONAL
ORGANIZATION
A N D ORDER
I N SOUTH-EAST
ASIA.
By Arnfinn Jorgensen-Dahl.
Donald Crone
ASEAN. Identity, Development and Culture. Edited by R.P.
Donald Crone
Anand and Purificacion V. Quisumbing.
REBELLION
UNDER THE BANNER
OF ISLAM.
T h e Darul Islam in
Indonesia. By C. van Dijk.
Michael Williams
INDONESIAN
POLITICS,1955-59. T h e Emergence of Guided
Democracy. By Baladas Ghoshal.
Harold Crouch
SUHARTO'S
INDONESIA.
By Hamish McDonald.
Harold Crouch
T H EPRECIOUS
GIFT (Tulfat al-Nafis). By Raja Ali Haji ibn
Ahmad. An annotated translation by Virginia Matheson
and Barbara Watson Andaya.
H.E. Wilson

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THENAMEOF BROOKE.
T h e End of White Rajah Rule in
A./. Stockwell
Sarawak. By R.H.W.Reece.
MALAYSIA.
Economic Expansion and National Unity. By John
Gullick.
D.C. Johnston
Development Pattern and Policy, 1947-197 1. By
MALAYSIA.
V.V. Bhanoji Rao.
D.C. Johnston
I N MALAYSIA
A N D SINGAPORE
(Revised Edition). By
INDIANS
Norman Bucliignani
Sinnappah Arasaratnam.
Norman Buchignani
I N SOUTHEAST
ASIA.Edited by I.J. Bahadur Singh.
INDIANS
O N STRATEGY.
A Critical Analysis of the Vietnam War. By
Harry G. Summers, Jr.
David G. M a n
THEVIETNAM
WARI N THE VILLAGES.
SILENCE
WASA WEAPON:
A Personal Perspective. By Stuart A. Herrington.
David G. ManA Socialist Nation of Southeast Asia. By David I.
BURMA.
F.K. Lehman
Steinberg.
TRUSTEESHIP.
Papua New Guinea, 1945-75.
T H EAUSTRALIAN
By Ian Downs.
Dan Jorgensen
IN A NEWSTATE.Papua New Guinea, 1972POLICY-MAKING
77. Edited by J.A. Ballard.
Dan Jorgensen
Lynn Stewart
AUYANA.
Those Who Held Onto Home. By Sterling Robbins.
IN PAPUANEWGUINEA:1880-1980. By David
THECHINESE
Y.H. Wu.
Leo Suryadinata
ON AUSTRALIAN
FOREIGNPOLICY,1937-49.
DOCUMENTS
Volume V: July 1941-June 1942. Edited by W.J. Hudson
and H.J.W. Stokes, assisted by Margaret Browne, Jane
North, and Ashton Robinson.
Henry S. Albinski
DEFENCE
POLICYFOR THE 1980s. Edited by
AUSTRALIAN
Henry S. Albimki
Robert O'Neill and D.M. Horner.
David Turner
T H EABORIGINAL
TASMANIANS.
By Lyndall Ryan.
ABORIGINAL
AUSTRALIANS.
Black Response to White
David Turner
Dominance, 1788-1980. By Richard Broome.
BRIEFLY NOTED
T H EUNITEDSTATESA N D ASIA.Changing Attitudes and
P.M. Evans
Policies. By William Watts.
KOREA.A Jade Paradise. By Jean-Claude Michaud and
Roland Michaud. Translated by Alexis Gregory. Edited by
Daniel Wheeler.
AN ATLASOF THE MUGHAL
EMPIRE.By Irfan Habib.
DON'TYou HEARTHETHUNDER.
A ~ b t c h m a n ' sLife Story. By
Paul W . van der Veur
D. van der Meulen.

Pacific Affairs
Winter 1983-84

Vol. 56, No. 4

The Mahathir Administration in


Malaysia: Discipline through Islam

Diane K. Mauzy
R S . Milne

617

Atul Kohli

649

The Voluntary Sojourner among the


Overseas Chinese: Myth or Reality?

Yuen-fong Woon

673

Vietnam's New Economic Policy


Notes and Comments

Ton That Thien

69 1

Regime Types and Poverty Reform in India

Correspondence
Book Reviews (listed overleaf)
Index to Volume 56-1983

Pacific Affairs (USPS 767-380) is published quarterly by The University


of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, V6T 1W5. Second-class
postage paid at Richmond, Virginia. Postmaster: Send address change to
Pacific Affairs, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.,
Canada, V6T 1W5.
Copyright 0 1983, University of British Columbia.

BOOKS REVIEWED IN T H I S ISSUE


THEINDUSTRIAL
POTENTIAL
OF RURAL
ASIA.By Robert Orr
Dauid I. Steinberg
Whyte.
THECAMBRIDGE
ENCYCLOPEDIA
OF CHINA.
Edited by Brian Hook.
Dauid D. Buck
MODERN
CHINA.
A Chronology-from 1842 to the Present. By
Colin Mackerras, with the assistance of Robert Chan.
Peter M . Mitchell
CHINESE
DEMOCRACY.
The Self-Government Movement in
Local Provincial and National Politics, 1905-1914. By John
Marianne Bmtid
H. Fincher.
THEMAKING
OF A SPECIAL
RELATIONSHIP.
The United States
Raymond G. O'Connor
and China to 1914. By Michael H. Hunt.
LIBERALISM
I N AN ILLIBERAL
AGE.New Culture Liberals in
Republican China, 1919-1 937. By Eugene Lubot.
Jerome B. Grieder
MAOA N D THE WORKERS.
The Hunan Labor Movement, 19201923. By Lynda Shaffer.
Lucien Bianco
THEMESSIAH
A N D THE MANDARINS.
Mao Tsetung and the
Ironies of Power. By Dennis Bloodworth.
Stephen Uhalley, Jr.
CHINA'SNEWDEVELOPMENT
STRATEGY.
Edited by Jack Gray
and Gordon White.
Michel Oksenberg
THETRANSITION
TO SOCIALISM
I N CHINA.
Edited by Mark
Selden and Victor Lippit.
W.E. Willmott
CHENYUN'SSTRATEGY
FOR CHINA'S
DEVELOPMENT.
A NonMaoist Alternative. Edited by Nicholas R. Lardy and
Samuel P S . Ho
Kenneth Lieberthal.
THECHINESE
ECONOMIC
REFORMS.
Edited by Stephan
Feuchtwang and Athar Hussain.
Samuel P.S. Ho
THECHINESE
AGRICULTURAL
ECONOMY.
Edited by Randolph
K.R. Walker
Barker and Radha Sinha, with Beth Rose.
SONOF THE REVOLUTION.
By Liang Heng and Judith Shapiro.
Michael S. Duke
DOCUMENTS
ON THE CHINESE
DEMOCRATIC
MOVEMENT,
19781980. Unofficial Magazines and Wall Posters. Volume 1 .
Edited by Claude Widor.
Reni Goldman
WILDLILIES:POISONOUS
WEEDS.Dissident Voices from
Ren4 Goldnwn
People's China. Edited by Gregor Benton.
JAPAN
EXAMINED.
Perspectives on Modern Japanese History.
H J . Jones
Edited by Harry Wray and Hilary Conroy.
THEROOTSOF MODERN
JAPAN.
By Jean-Pierre Lehmann.
George Macklin Wilson
OSUGISAKAE:
ANARCHIST
I N TAISHO
JAPAN.
The Creativity of
the Ego. By Thomas A. Stanley.
Gauan McComiack
THESEARCH
FOR A NEWORDER.
Intellectuals and Fascism in
Bernd Martin
Prewar Japan. By William Miles Fletcher, 111.
THEJAPANESE
DIETAND THE U.S. CONGRESS.
Edited by
Francis R. Valeo and Charles E. Morrison.
Michael W. Donnelly
THEJAPANESE
SOCIAL
STRUCTURE.
Its Evolution in the
Modern Century. By Tadashi Fukutake. Translated by
Ronald P. Dore.
Brian Moeran
THEWOMEN
OF SUYE
MURA.By Robert J. Smith and Ella Lury
Gail Lee Bernstein
Wiswell.
JAPANS
UNVOLLKOMMENE VOLLBESCHAFTIGUNG.
Beschaftigungsprobleme und Beschaftigungspolitik. By Angelika Ernst,
with the collaboration of Renate Herold and
Shunichiro Umetani.
Barbara Molony
HUMANISIERUNG
DER ABREITSWELT.
Gestaltungsmoglichkeiten
in Japan und in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Edited
Barbara Molony
by Willy Kraus.
UEDAAKINARI.
By Blake Morgan Young.
A.V. Liman
RABBITS,
CRABS,ETC. Stories by Japanese Women. Translated
by Phyllis Birnbaum.
Chieko Irie Mulhern
STORIES
BY CONTEMPORARY
JAPANESE WOMEN
WRITERS.

Translated and edited by Noriko Mizuta Lippit and Kyoko


Chieko Irie Mulliem
Iriye Selden.
Ten Stories by Japanese Women
THISKINDOF WOMAN.
Writers, 1960-1976. Edited by Yukiko Tanaka and
Chieko Irie Mulhern
Elizabeth Hanson.
I N KOREA,
1945-1975. By David C.
FINANCIAL
DEVELOPMENT
Paul W . Kuznets
Cole and Yung Chul Park.
OF SOUTH
ASIA:PROBLEMS
OF NATIONAL
THESTATES
INTEGRATION.
Essays in Honour of W.H. Morris-Jones.
Jim Masselos
Edited by A. Jeyaratnam Wilson and Dennis Dalton.
THELOSTHERO.A Biography of Subhas Bose. By Mihir
John Broomfield
Bose.
B.R. Tomlinson
THESHAPING
OF MODERN
INDIA.By Daniel Thorner.
THESTATE,INDUSTRIALIZATION
A N D CLASS
FORMATIONS
IN
INDIA.A Neo-Marxist Perspective on Colonialism,
B.R. Tomlimon
Underdevelopment and Development. By Anupam Sen.
RELIGION
AS SOCIAL
VISION.The Movement Against
Untouchability in 20th-Century Punjab. By Mark
Owen M . Lynch
Juergensmeyer.
in Indian Societv.
CASTEA N D CLASS.Dvnamics of Ineaualitv
,
By Raja Jayaraman.
Joseph Tharamangalam
DID NOT STARVE.
Biocultural Adaptation in a
WHYTHEY
Alice Thorner
South Indian Village. By Morgan D. Maclachlan.
AMUL.An Experiment in Rural Economic Development. By
Geeta Somjee
S.P. Singh and Paul L. Kelley.
Silkweaving Cooperatives in
THELOOMOF INTERDEPENDENCE.
Geeta Somjee
Kanchipuram. By Yvonne J. Arterburn.
FOR CHANGE.
A Systems Analysis of Family
ORGANIZATION
Planning in Rural India. By Bhasker D. Misra, Ali Ashraf,
Marika Vicziany
Ruth S. Simmons, and George B. Simmons.
I N INDIA.
By Mahendra K.
THEDEMOGRAPHIC
SITUATIONS
Marika Vicziany
Premi.
George Woodcock
THEMOGHUL.
A Novel of India. By Thomas Hoover.
PEASANT
MOBILITY.
The Odds of Life in Rural Bangladesh.
Harry Blair
By Willem van Schendel.
BELIEFS
AND FERTILITY
IN BANGLADESH.
By Clarence Maloney,
T.R. Balakrislznan
K.M. Ashraful Aziz, and Profulla C. Sarker.
TIBETAN
VILLAGE
COMMUNITIES.
Structure and Change. By
Lawrence Epstein
Eva K. Dargyay.
THEHIMALAYA.
Aspects of Change. Edited by J.S. Lall, in
Urviila Phadnis
association with A.D. Moddie.
OF CHANGE
I N THE NEPALHIMALAYA.
By Mark
PATTERNS
Unnila Phadnis
Poffenberger.
OF THE KATHMANDU
NEPALMANDALA:
A CULTURAL
STUDY
VALLEY.
Volume 1: TextIVolume 2: Plates. Bv Marv
Shepherd Slusser.
C. won firer-Haimendof
A HISTORY
OF MALAYSIA.
By Barbara Watson Andaya and
Craig A. Lockard
Leonard Y. Andaya.
THESOCIOLOGY
OF SECRET
SOCIETIES.
A Study of Chinese
Secret Societies in Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia. By
Gregory J . Kaiser
Mak Lau Fong.
THEPHILIPPINES.
A Singular and a Plural Place. By David
Elmer A. Ordofiez.
Joel Steinberg.
LANDREFORM
AND TOURISM
DEVELOPMENT.
Policy-Making in
Robert L. Youngblood
the Philippines. By Linda K. Richter.
THEUNFINISHED
WAR.Vietnam and the American
Gareth Porter
Conscience. By Walter H. Capps.
Gareth Porter
VIETNAM
IN PROSE
A N D FILM.By James C. Wilson.
H.J. VAN MOOKAND INDONESIAN
INDEPENDENCE.
A Study of
His Role in Dutch-Indonesian Relations, 1945-48. By Yong
Anthony Reid
Mun Cheong.

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756
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763
765

767
769
770
770
77 1
772
773
775
776
778
779
779

'KAJA"AND "KELOD."Balinese Dance in Transition. By I


Made Bandem and Fredrik Eugene deBoer.
FOR ME-ORGANISE.. . ." The Social and
"DON'TMOURN
Political Uses of Voluntary Organisations. By David Scott.
POLITICAL
PILGRIMS.
Travels of Western Intellectuals to the
Soviet Union, China, and Cuba, 1928-1978. By Paul
Hollander.

Andrew Toth 791


Robert J. Williams 793
David P. Barrett 793

BRIEFLY NOTED
THEFAREASTA N D AUSTRALASIA,
1982-83. A Survey and
Directory of Asia and the Pacific (Fourteenth Edition).
Compiled by Europa Publications.
OF CHINESE-LANGUAGE
MATERIALS
ON THE
A BIBLIOGRAPHY
PEOPLE'S
COMMUNES.
By Wei-yi Ma.
THENEWRELIGIONS
OF JAPAN.
A Bibliography of WesternLanguage Materials (Second Edition). By H. Byron Earhart.
MYSTRUGGLES.
An Autobiography. By E.K. Nayanar.
TONGAN
SOCIETY
AT THE TIMEOF CAPTAIN
COOK'SVISITS.
Discussions with Her Majesty Queen Sslote Tupou. By
Elizabeth Bott, with the assistance of Tavi.
THEISLANDS.
By A. Alberts. Translated by Hans Koning.
Edited by E.M. B e e b a n .

Terry G. McGee 795


James E. Nickum 796
John F. Howes 796
Robin Jeffrey 797
James A. Boutilier 798
George Woodcock 798

CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ISSUE


DIANEK. MAUZY,Lecturer in Political Science, University of British
Columbia, Canada. Author of Barisan Nasional: Coalition Government in
Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur and Singapore: Marican & Sons, 1983); coauthor (with R.S. Milne) of Politics and Government i n Malaysia (Singapore: Times Books/Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press,
1980).
R.S. MILNE,Professor of Political Science, University of British Columbia, Canada. Author of Politics in Ethnically Bipolar States: Guyana,
Malaysia, Fiji (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1981);
co-author (with Diane K. Mauzy) of Politics and Government i n Malaysia
(Singapore: Times Books/Vancouver: University of British Columbia
Press, 1980).
ATULKOHLI,Assistant Professor of Politics and International Affairs,
Princeton University, U.S.A. He is currently completing a book
tentatively entitled The State and Poverty: Political Economy of Reform i n
Rural India.
YUEN-FONG
WOON,Assistant Professor, Centre for Pacific and Oriental
Studies, University of Victoria, Canada. Author of Social Organization
i n South China: The Case of the Kuan Lineage of K'ai-p'ing County
(forthcoming).
TONTHAT
TIEN,Professor of Modern Languages, Universite du Quebec Trois Rivihres, Canada. Visiting professor at the Graduate
Institute of International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland, 1982-83.
Author of India and South East Asia, 1947-1960 (Geneva: Droz, 1963).