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NP6020

SERVICE
MANUAL
(for'2201240V)
REVISION 0

MAY 1993

Canon
FY8-13CT-000

COPYFtIGHT
1993 CANON INC.
CANON NP6020 REV.0 MAY 1993 PRINTED IN JAPAN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION-

---\/ I. FEATURES
Front-loading.

1.

- The copier is designed to accept cassettes from the front for ease of use (two cassettes
l

*
2.

holding 250
The copier
replacement
The copiers

sheets each).
is given two cassette holders, thereby eliminating
in making copies of different sizes.
multifeeder allows Jeeding multiple postcards.

Full line of automatic

the need for cassette

features

- The copier has an auto paper selection mechanism as standard, which selects paper of
the correct size in response to placement of a document.
ratio selection mechanism, the copier calculates the correct
reproduction ratio according to the specified copy size.
* The AE (auto exposure) mechanism ensures crisp reproduction of newspapers and blueprint documents.
- The copiers auto-start feature lets you press the COPY START key during the wait period
so that the copier will start making copies as soon as it becomes ready.

- With the auto reproduction

I\

:
3.

HQ jumping toner.
- The copier uses Canons own HQ (high quality) jumping toner for reproduction of clear
characters and photos.
The toner is a single-component type, which provides stable images.
In addition, a 30mm-dia. high sensitivity OPC drum is used to enable enhanced image
reproduction and a compact copier design.
l

4.

Man-machine
interface.
As many as 20 copies (A4, landscape) may be made per minute.
- The zoom mechanism allows reduction down to 50% and enlarqement up to 200% of the
original image.
- The page separation mode serves to speed up copying bound documents.
- The copier accepts documents as small as a postcard or as large as A3.
* With the CT Unit (option), the copies may be in red, green, blue, or brown
l

A variety of options to choose from for full automation.


The copier commun/cates with its options at a higher speed than ever, resulting
output per given time.

5.

* With options, up to 20 copies/min;

1:1 (A4, landscape).

* ADF-Al for automatic document feed.


- Sorter-Al for automatic sorting and grouping (20 bins)
MS-Al for automatic sorting aid grouping (70 bins).
* Control Card V (configured as built-in) for copy volume control (up to 200 groups).
Stapler Sorter-BNIl
for stapling copies sorted in its ten bins.
l

in more

1. GENERAL

DESCRlPTlON

SPECIFICATIONS

II.

A. Type
Body

Desk top

Copyboard

Fixed

Light source

Halogen lamp (330 W)

Lens

Zoom lens

Photosensitive

6.

medium

OPC

Construction

Copying

Indirect static photocopying

Charging

Corona

Exposure

Slit (moving light source)

Copy density adjustment

Automatic

Development

Dry (toner projection)

Pick-up

(AE) or Manual

Automatic

2 cassettes

Manual

Multifeed (about 50 sheets of 80g/m2)

Transfer

Corona

Separation

Curvature

Cleaning

Blade

Fixing

Heat roller (950 W)

and Static eliminator

1. GENERAL

DESdRlPTlON

C. Performance
Document type

Sheet, Book, 3-D object (2 kg)

Document

A3 (297x420

size (max.)

Reproduction

See Table l-l

ratio

mm)

; 50% to 200%, zoom.

Wait time

90 set or less (20C)

First copy

8 set or less

Continuous

1 to 99 copies

copying

A3 (297 x 431.8 mm) max.


Postcard (100 x 148 mm) min.

Copy size

COPY paper

Cassette

Plain paper (64 to 80 g/m), Tracing paper*,


Colored paper*

Multi feed tray

Plain paper (64 to 128 g/me), Tracing paper


Colored paper*, OHP film*, Postcard, Label

Tow-sided
Overlay copy

Plain paper (64 to 128 gim2), Colored paper*,


Postcard

Cassette

Claws, Front loading: 27 mm deep (about 250


sheets of 80 g/m*)

Copy tray

99 sheets (80 g/m*)

Non-image width

2.0 +1.5 mm (leading edge),


2.5 +1.5 mm (left/right)

Auto clear mechanism

Provided. (2 min. standard)

Auto shut-off mechanism

Provided.

Auto start

Provided.

Option

Sorter-Al, MS-Al, Paper Deck Pedestal-J1,


Control Card V, CT Unit, Stapler Sorter-D1
Stapler Sorter-62

* Of a type recommended

by Canon.

(2 hours, standard;

may be disabled)

D. Others

(Sound power level as


prescribed by ISO)

Consumables

Keep in box or pedestal; avoid direct sun,


and keep it under 30% 85%

I,

Reproduction

mode

Cassette

Paper size

DESCRIPTION

Copies/min

A3 (297x420mm)

A3

11

A4 (21Ox297mm)

A4

20

I A4R (297x210mm)

DIRECT

GENERAL

A4R

15

84 (257x365mm)

(84)

12

85 (1 e2x257mm)

(85)

21

A5R (21Ox149mm)

A5R

20

50%

II

A3 + A4R

A4R

13

A4R --3 A3

A3

11

II

200%

REDUCE

ENLARGE

Table

l-1

~pecificafions are subjecf lo change without notice.

-1.

III.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

NAMES OF PARTS

A. External View

Control panel
@ Power switch
@ Upper cassette
@ Lower cassette
@ Front door
@ Delivery cover

Figure l-1
@ Copyboard glass
@ Multifeeder cover
@ Multifeeder tray
@! Developing assembly release lever
Feeder assembly release lever
@ Fixing assembly

Figure l-2

knob

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION -

B. Cross-Sectional View

,-- j\

I
,

,, .=,

Figure

@
@
@
@
@
@
0
@
@
@

No. 3 mirror
No. 2 mirror
No. 1 mirror
Scanning lamp
Copyboard glass
Copyboard cover
Lens
Pre-exposure lamp
Primary corona unit
No. 6 mirror

1-3

No. 5 mirror
No. 4 mirror
Registration roller
Multifeeder tray
Vertical feed roller 1
Vertical feed roller 2
Cassette 1 pick-up roller
Cessette 2 pick-up roller
Feeder roller
Transfer corona unit

Q
Q
0
63
63
@

CANON NPS020 REV0 MAY 1993PRNTED

Static eliminator

@ Photosensitive
@
Q
@
@
@
@
@

NJWNN(IMFRMEW

drum

Cassette 1
Cassette 2
Feeder unit
Ozone filter
Exhaust fan
Fixing unit
Delivery roller

JUUN)

I-7

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

IKOPERATION
A. Control Panel

Figure
SORT/GROUP/STAPLE SORT key
Press it to select the sort group, staple sort
or non-sort mode. The indicator remains
unlit when the non-sort mode is selected.
*
sorting
z- grouping
0
staplesorting
PAGE OPERATlON key
Press it to seled the page separation mode.
JAM indicator
CONTROL CARD indcator
ADD PAPER indicator
ADD TONER in&&r
COPY COUNT/RATIO indiitor
It indiites the reproc+Jdon ratio when the %
key is pressed.
COPY START key
- glows orange when the copier is not ready
for copying.
- gk3ws green when the copier is ready for
copying.
RESET key
Press it to reset the copier to its default
settings.
Default Settings
* copy count 1
- DIRECT
- AE (may be turned OFF using C15 of
service mode)
CLEARSTOP key
STANDBY key
POWER switch

l-4
POWER indicator
The indicator remains ON while the power is
on.
Numeric keypad
% key
Press it to check the reproduction ratio on the
copy count indicator.
The display changes to the copy count 2 set
after the key is released.
ZOOM key
Press it to select a desired reproduction ratio
between 50% and 200% in 1% increments.
AUTO RATIO key
Press it to select or deselect the auto
reproduction ratio mode.
The key is effective when the ADF is
attached.
PAPER SELECT/JAM indicator
,A LED goes ON to indicate the locatin of
the paper or flashes to indicate the location of
the jam, if any.
PAPER SELECT key
Press it to select automatic paper selection
(may be turned OFF using CO7 of service
mode) or cassette or multifeeder as the
source of paper.
ENLARGE key
DIRECT key
REDUCE key
AE (automatic exposure; density adjusbnent)

key
COPY DENSITY lever

-.

B. Basic Copying Operation


*-j

Set the power switch to ON.


If the temperature of the fixing roller
is too low for copying, the indicator
of the COPY START key will blink
green.
When the temperature of the fixing
roller becomes
high enough for
copying,
the indicator
will glow
green.
The normal *waiting time at room
temperature
(20C) is about 90
seconds.
cover, place an
2) Raise the copyboard
original on the copvboard with the side
to be copied facing down, and align it
with the size index.
To adjust the copy density manually,
the AE key indicator should be OFF;
press the key once if it is ON. Set the
COPY DENSITY
lever to suit the
original.
Check the size of paper in the cassette.
a) If the cassette does not have the
desired size of paper, remove it
and install
a cassette
with the
desired size.
5) Set the required number of copies (1 to
99) using the NUMERIC
keypad and
confirm
that the correct
number
appears on the COPY COUNT/RATIO
indicator.
a) If an error was made in inputting
the number of copies, press the
,,=7,
CLEAR/STOP
kev and reset the
j/
number of copies. _
3) Press the COPY START key.
To stop a continuous
copying
operation, press the CLEAWSTOP
key or RESET key. The copier will
complete
the copy in progress,
then stop.
COPY
COUNT/RATIO
The
indicator will display the initial copy
quantity.
It is possible
to switch
from
automatic
exposure
control
to
manual density adjustment at any
time from the start of copying to the
completion
of the final copy.
However, it is not possible to switch
from manual density adjustment to
automatic.
1)

Example:
If the copy is too dark or too faint using AE,
cancel AE and vary the copy density with
the COPY DENSITY lever.
If the ADD PAPER indicator goes
ON during copying, the copier will
stop. Refill the cassette and press
the
COPY
START
key.
The
remaining number of copies will be
made automatically.
If the copier has an ADF, place a
document
(original)
on
the
document tray. The document will
be fed automatically
and copying
will start.
If no other operation is performed,
the copier
will return
to the
standard
mode approximately
2
min after it completes
a copy or
after the last key operation.
The copier shuts itself off automatically
2 hours after power-on
(auto shut-off
function;
may be
turned off using CO8 of service
mode).

C.

Pick-Up from Multifeeder

Set documents on the copyboard.


Press the PAPER SELECT
kev to
select the multifeeder.
Open the multifeeder tray.
:; Open the multifeeder cover.
5) Set the slide guide to the size of the
copy paper.
6) Set copy paper.
0 As may as 50 sheets (80 g/mz) may
be set.
Close the multifeeder cover.
87; Set the desired reproduction ratio using
the DIRECT, REDUCE, ENLARGE, or
ZOOM key.
the AE mode, and set the
9) Cancel
COPY
DENSITY
lever
if manual
adjustment of the density is desired.
19) Enter the number of copies using the
numeric keypad.
11) Press the COPY START key.

:;

l-9

D. Two-Sided Copying
Copy one side of a 2-sided original.
Turnover the original so that the same edge
faces the front. Turnover the copy in the
same way (from edge facing the front) and
feed it into the copier.
a) Use dry, uncurled paper.
b) Use paper in the weight range 60
to 128 glmz.
c) When making two-sided
copies,
only one image can be made on
each side of the copy paper.
d) Both overlay and two-sided copies
cannot
be made on the same
sheet of copy paper.

blinking green to orange to indicate that the


auto start mechanism has been activated.
The copier starts making copies as
soon as it enters the standby mode using
the selected copy modes,
The auto start mechanism
may be
canceled by pressing the CLEAR/STOP
or
RESET key.

,\__

G. Auto Shut-off
If the copier is not used for two hours,
the power will turn OFF automatically. (The
Standby key will flash orange.)
To turn the power back ON, press the
Standby key.

H. Replacing the CT Unit


1)
2)
3)
4)

Figure

Open the front door.


Swing the developing assembly release
lever counterclockwise.
Pull the developing assembly forward.
Grasp the handle of the developing
assembly, and raise it carefully.

.__

l-5

E. Overlay Copy Operation


By changing the developing assembly,
a P-color copy can be made on the same
side of the copy paper.
Use paper in the range of 64 to
128 glm2.
When making an overlay copy, a
maximum of two images can be
made on one side of the copy
paper.
Overlay
and two-sided
copies
cannot
be made on the same
sheet of copy paper.

Figure
5)

6)

F. Auto Start
The auto start mechanism
may be
made use of while the copier isin the wait
mode (COPY START key blinking green);
i.e., after it is switched
ON or after the
standby mode is canceled.
Set a document while the copier is in
the wait mode, and select the copy modes;
then, press the COPY START key.
The COPY START key changes from

7)

l-6

Place the CT carefully on the developing assembly guide rails and push it
in the copier.
Shift the developing assembly release
lever clockwise until it is horizontal.
Close the front door.

1i. ,Do nbt~tilt~or.handle

the developing

i as&mbly prthe CT unit roughly.


: ii. Dpnot .plaq the develapinng assembly
dr the,,CTunit onthe floor.: Be sure to 1 ,-- .:place,them ,in,their~storage.box
or on, ,.
I.__
1) the pedestal~of,the.cqpier,
_
_) _ :*^^,3
,,

1. GENERAL

DESCRIPTION

V. WARNING INDICATOR AND


REQUIRED ACTION
A.

Jam Indicatorh

If an area of this indicator flashes while


copying is taking place, it is likely that the
paper has jammed at the position represented by the part that is flashing. Check
and take action as follows.

Sorter JAM indicator

Figure

1-8

Close the copy delivery assembly.


Check if there is paper jammed in the
separation/feeder
area. If there is,
swing the feeder release lever counter-,
clockwise
to open the feeder,
then
remove the jammed paper. Be careful
not to tear the paper.
Note-:

Feeding

unit indicator

,I,:- ., ,

(.

Figure

S_

1-7

When clearing a paper jam which has


occurred in an option unit (sorter or ADF),
refer to the SERVICE
MANUAL
for the
option unit.
Multifeeder indicator
* ADF unit document JAM indicator
- Copier paper JAM indicator
Right door OPEN indicator
Feeding unit indicator
- Sorter JAM indicator
If paper jams inside the copier, check
the paper pick-up area, separation feeder
area, fixing/copy delivery area, and cartridge
area; and remove all jammed paper.
1) Open the front door.
2)
Remove the copies from the copy tray.
3) Operate the release and open the copy
delivery assembly.
4) Check if there is copy paper jammed in
the fixing assembly.
If there is paper
jam in it, turn the knob of the fixing
rollers counterclockwise
to remove the
jammed paper.

; :I^, ((1;;,;,;

When removing jammed paper from the1


: separation area,. be very careful not,$
touch the photbsehsitivedrum.~
:( ,I,/;

Figure

1-9

7)

8)

Open the multifeeder


cover,
and
remove the paper from the multifeeder
tray.
Hold the grip found at the bottom of the
multifeeder cover, and open the right
door; then, remove the jam.

B. Add Paper Indicator&


Cassette
The indicator
goes ON when
no
cassette is found in the cassette holder or
no paper is found inside the cassette.
1) Push the center of the cassette.
- The cassette springs out automatically.

1.

,_-Figure
9)

l-10

Close the right door.

Figure
2)

Figure
-10)

l-l 2

Set copy paper inside the cassette.


* As many as 250 sheets of copy
paper (80 g/m*) may be set.

l-11

Close the front door.


Figure
3)

2.

I-13

Hold the center of the cassette, and


slide it into the cassette holder until it
stops.

~Multifeeder
The indicator goes ON when the paper
on the multifeeder
tray is not positioned
correctly
or the multifeeder
cover is left
open.
. As many as 50 sheets of copy paper
(80 iglmz) may be set on the multifeeder tray.

1-12

C. Add Toner Indicator&


This indicator flashes when the amount
of toner in the black developing assembly
has become low.
1.
:;
3)
4)
5)
3)
7)

Black developing
assembly
Open the front door.
Turn the developing assembly release
lever counterclockwise.
Pull the developing
assembly forward
as far as possible.
Open the top cover of the developing
assembly.
Shake the toner cartridge
back and
forth about 10 times.
Place the toner
cartridge
on the
developing assembly.
While holding the toner cartridge
in
place, remove the seal slowly to allow
the toner to flow out.

Figure

l-14

Tap the top of the toner cartridge to


remove any toner remaining
in the
cartridge.
Carefully remove the toner cartridge.
Close the top cover of the developing
assembly.
ii)Put the developing assembly back into
the copier.
12) Swing the developing assembly release
lever clockwise.
13) Close the front door.

8)

2,

CT Unit (color developing


unit)
If copy images become faint, the color
toner has probably run out. In this case,
replace the CT Unit. The copy image can
sometimes
be temporarily
restored
by
agitating the CT Unit in its storage box.

2.

The CT :unit is a &sjras&fe


type. Wheh i
the color toner has be&n used up, toner ii.:
not a&fad to the dT.Unit;
unit is replaced: ;,
,

_,

^,

,(

rather, the entfr&

_I,,;II ibii

D. Control Card Indicator IEB


The control card indicator operates on
a copier with a control card unit. It flashes in
the following cases:
4 When-there is no control card in the
control card unit.
b) When there is a control card in the
control card unit but the indication on
the control card unit is P or EE.

1. GENERAL

DESCRIPTION

VI. DAILY INSPECTION TO BE PERFORMED BY


THE CUSTOMER
Carefully instruct the customer to be
sure to clean the following
parts of the
copier once a week.
1.
Primary Corona Assembly
Slide in and out the wire cleaner to
clean the corona wires.
2.
Copyboard
Glass
Clean the copyboard glass with a moist
cloth, then wipe it dry.
3.
Copyboard
Cover
Clean the copyboard cover with a mild
detergent solution, then wipe it dry.
4.
Transfer Corona Assembly
Remove the transfer corona assembly
from the copier, then slide the knob
(wire cleaner)
at the bottom of the
transfer
corona assembly
back and
forth to clean the corona wires.
Further,
clean the static eliminator
using the cleaning brush (accessory).

2. COPYING

PROCESS

,,_~, I. IMAGE FORMATION


(/
PROCESS
A. Outline

$,_-

_+-.+
Developing
.r>
Primary corona assembly

Figure 2-1

2 COPYING PROCESS

~------__-_--

Electrostatic latent image formation block


------

--7

2. Primary corona

Direction of rotation of drum


/_. \

Figure 2-2
This copier consists of the units shown
in Figure

2-l.

The image forming process is divided


into the right steps shown below.
Step 1: Preexposure
Step 2: Primary corona (negative DC)

Step
Step
Step
Step
Step
Step

3: Image exposure
4: Developing

(positive

plus AC)

5: Transfer (negative DC)


6: Separation
7: Fixing
8: Drum cleaning

2.

,-..\

The outer surface of the photosensitive


drum is a layer of organic photoconductor
(OPC). The base is an aluminum (conductive) cylinder.

COPYINGPROCESS0

C. Step 1 Pre-Exposure

Photoconductive
layer
Base

Figure

i/.-- \

2-3

Figure 2-5

B. Electrostatic Latent Image


Formation Block
~
This stage consists of three steps. At
the end of the stage, the drum has a pattern
of negative electrical charges on its surface
corresponding
to the dark parts of the
document
image. The light areas of the
document
image are represented
on the
drum by the absence of charges.
The pattern of negative charges cannot
be seen by the eye, hence it is called an
electrostatic latent image.

Of-

Before the primary corona step, light


from the pre-exposure
lamp is shone onto
the surface of the drum (pre-exposure). This
process eliminates
residual charges and
helps to make the density of the copy even.

D. Step 2 Primary Corona

Primarycorona assembly

Time(1)-

Figure 2-6

Dark area

Figure

2-4

The primary corona (negative) applies


a uniform layer of negative charges over the
drum surface.
The drum surface potential is determined bv the arid ootential.
The grid is
connected
to ground through a varistor,,
which holds the drum potential constant at
the varistor break-down voltage.

2. COPYING PROCESS

E. Step 3 Scanning Exposure


Optical image

toner mixed together in a fixed ratio. The


main component of the toner is resin. The
toner is charged to a positive potential and
the iron powder to a negative potential by
friction with the rotating cylinder.

Figure
Figure

2-7

Light from the original is projected onto


the drum surface. Charges in these light
areas on the drum are neutralized by drum
photosensitive effects.

F. Step 4 Developing

/--,

2-9

A concentrated magnetic field develops


between the magnet and the edge of the
blade.
This field attracts
the charged
developer.
The developer is held virtually immobile
by the magnetic
field, forming a curtain
along the edge of the blade. As the cylinder
rotates, this curtain skims the toner particles
on its surface to a thin uniform layer.
An AC bias plus a negative DC bias are
applied simultaneously
to the developing
cylinder
so that the waveform
of the
developing
bias has a larger negative
excursion than positive.

} $$JpQ
.q++fjyg

DC bias

Figure
Figure

2-8

As shown in Figure 2-8, the developing


assembly consists of a developing cylinder
(a stationary
magnet
surrounded
by a
rotating
sleeve)
and a blade made of
magnetic material. Black toner is a single
component type consisting of a fine powder
of mixed magnetite and resin binder. The
toner has insulating
properties
and is
charged to a positive potential by friction
with the rotating cylinder.
Color developer
is a two-component
type consisting of iron powder (carrier) and

2~10

During copying toner is attracted to the


drum by the charges on the drum surface
and by repulsion due to the developing bias
(during the positive excursion), transforming
the latent electrostatic image into a visible
image. Excess toner particles are attracted
back to the cylinder from the drum due to
the charges on the drum surface and the
developing
bias (during
the negative
excursion).
The DC bias affects copy density and
fogging:
As the DC bias becomes
less
negative (approaching OV), the density and
degree of fogging both increase.

_
_

2. COPYING

,?

-\

Figure

H. Step 6 Separation

( G. Step 5 Transfer

Transfer

PROCESS

coroa

2-l 1

In this step, a negative


corona
is
applied
to the back of the copy paper,
attracting the toner from the surface of the
drum to the copy paper.

g\
4

Static charge
eliminator

Figure

2-12

The copy paper is separated from the


drum by utilizing its stiffness. Thin paper,
however, is not stiff, and may wrap around
the drum instead of separating from it. To
prevent this, a positive voltage is appliedto
the separation
static charge eliminator,
weakening the attraction between the drum
and the copy paper. This enables the paper
to separate easily from the drum.

2. COPYING

I.

PROCESS

Step 7 Fixing
Oil application

roller

II. AUXILIARY
PROCESSES

_
[

A. Blank Exposure
Upperiixing roller

&

Blank exposure
is the process
of
shining light onto the drum and is simply the
Tungsten-halogen removal of the drum surface potential in the
heater (950W)
non-image
areas
resulting
from
1
REDUCTION
cbpying
and using some
cassette sizes (paper sizes). The light for
TClWJr
this is produced by the preconditioning lamp
Lower fixing roller
+\
and is reflected onto the drum by a reflector.
In the non-image
area on the drum
WY paper
between successive sheets of copy paper,
the grid bias of the primary
corona
is
Figure 2-13
reduced to orevent adhesion of toner. For
these areas, there is no blank exposure for
In this step, the copy paper is pressed
removal of the surface charges.
between
two heated rollers to make the _
toner image permanent.
B. Ozone Filter
To prevent
the copy
paper
from
wrapping
around
the roller
and toner
A catalytic ozone filter in the exhaust
offsetting (adhesion of toner to the roller and
fan prevents
ozone (generated
by the
transfer of the toner to the next copy), the
coronas) from escaping to the atmosphere
surface of the upper fixing roller is cleaned
by converting the ozone to oxygen.
with the cleaning roller.

%I

J.

/-

Step 8 Drum Cleaning


Cleaning

blade

Toner catcher

Figure 2-14
This step prepares the drum surface for
the next copying operation.
Any residual
toner scraped off the drum by the cleaning
blade and picked up by the toner catcher. It
is then pushed to the back by the paddle.
1
-..

\
,

3. OPERATIONS AND TlMfNG -

~ I. BASIC OPERATION
--\

A. Functions
The copier can ,be divided into four functional sections: paper pick-up
exposure system, image formation system, and control system.

___ _ _ -_{

s ysim

]T5a~e7GKa~ti-i
system

1 Primary coronaA

Cassette 1

I
I
I
I

/?
\

cassene
2

Figure 3-l

II
j

and feed system,

OPERATIONS AND TIMING

-3.

B. Outline of Electric Circuitry


The NP6020s main mechanisms
are
controlled by the microprocessor,
PROM,
and EEPROM on the DC controller PCB.
1.

.
.
.
.
.
.

2.
.
3.

Microprocessor
(Q303: master)
controls the copying sequence
controls the control panel
controls the main motor/scanner motor
controls the scanning lamp
controls the serial communication
with
the ADF
reads analog signals
PROM ((2318)
contains seauence oroorams
EEPROM (d315)

stores data that can be modified in the
service mode (replaces conventional
variable resistors and switches)

Microprocessor
((2305: slave)
controls the document size identification
controls the serial communication with
the sorter
controls the fans and the oil application
solenoid
controls the paper deck pedestal

-.

3. OPERATIONS

-\

(Sensor)

1
Scanner

(Control panel)
_-__---

r
I

DC controller

AND TlhUNG

(Loads)

PCB

home position

sensor
Lens home position
sensor

Scanner

Cassette
Delivery

motor

paper sensor
paper sensor

Pre-registration

paper

sensor
Multifeeder

paper sensor

AE sensor

Black toner level sensor

Control

panel

Lamp regulator

Thermistor

Microprocessor
(Q305

--l----

r--

I1

: slave)

I I_

Microprocessor

I
I
I

Sorter controller

PCB

Deck controller

PCB

I I

I
I
\_

Sensors.

Switches

Microprocessor
ADF controller

PCB

Figure 3-2

J
Scanning

larrp

-3.

OPERATIONS

AND TIMING

C. Inputs to DC Controller
1.

Inputs to DC Controller

7.

(l/3)
DC controller

PCB

when papet is we,


(light-blocking

a2
Pm-registration
paper Sensor

Scanner

home

position

sensor

Qi ,I.

plate is at (31)

5v
J23-1

J312-3

-2

-2

-3

-1

f
when paper is over Q2,l.
POP1

(light-blocking

plate is at Q2)

when scanner

is at home position.l.

(light-blocking

plate is at 03)

when lens is at home positlon.l


Lens home position

(light-blocking

plate is at 04)

sensor

Delhy

paper

when pap&is

over Cl5,o.

(light-blocking

plale is not at Q5)

sensor

when paper IS in upper casselte,l.

cassette1 paper

(light-blocking

plate is at 06)

sensor

when paper is inlower


(lighl-blocking

Control

panel
a

I_-_-____

cassette,l.

plate is at Cl7)

--

3. OPERATIONS

AND TIMING-

~
2.

Inputs to DC Controller

(213)
DCcontroller PCS

I
AE

24V

TSI

5v

AE sensor

when black toner in black developing


assembly is below specific level,0.

Black toner
level sensor

when color developing assembly is set,l.

THl(NTC1)

Thermistor

,._..

I
CSTl(SW1)
._______!rO\o
Cassette 1
size sensor

size sensor

J41-1

-2

-1

J28-3

J311-2

I
I

J318-2

-4

-5

II-o
,
I,__-e---J

I
II

-6

-4
-5

-2

-1

I-0

CSTZ(SW2)
r________
I1-o

cassette2

I
I-0
I
I-0
I
I-o
I
I,_____--J
.

1
I
I
I
I1

J32-3

UCSZl

J311-7

-8

-5

-9

-6

-10

The voltage lowers as the fixing heater


temperature rises.

ucszo

-3

-2

Ttil

-6_

ucszz

UCSZB
oscillation
signal

Reads the cassetre size; see p.3.36

LCSZO
LCSZl
LCSZZ
LCSZ3
oscillation
signal

when right door IS closed, 0.


Right door
switch

3. OPERATION6 AND TIMING

3.

Inputs to DC controller

(313)
DC controller

Copyboard

when copyboard

CM.W

PCS

cover is moved

down to about 20 deg., 0.

swath,

(starts 1st docomenl

when copyboard

identification)

cover is moved

down to about 5 deg., 0.


(starts 2nd document

identification:

about lsec thereafter)

J38-1

24V

J305-7

24V

-10
Document
identiiication

size

-2

-8 I DSLDO

(output)
when o, LED goes ON; when
document

is present,

0.

(output)
when 0, LED goes ON; when
document

APS 1

Figure 3-5

is present,

0.

1
3. OPERATIONS

D. DC Controller
..-\, ~ 1.

DC Controller

AND TIMING-

Outputs

Outputs (l/3)
DCcontrolier
PC6

-___-___
DSW(SW2)

SW1

MMD

___._.\~

-4. KD

when l, main motor ON

when 1. fixing roller healer ON

Fixing roller heater

AC driver OFF

Thermo-switch

See page 3-24

Scanner

motor

@&--%jq+ :page3.1
I

L___________I

AC driver/DC
supply

paver

PCB

Figure 3-6

~-~

3. OPERATIONS AND TMING

2.

DC Controller

Outputs (2/3)
DC contmller
PCB

Cassette

1 Pick-up

clutch solenoid

Lens solenoid

MuWeeder

solenoid
J312-11
-

LNsD

when 0, SL2 ON

24V
)

, i?%

when0

SL3ON

I~

3. OPERATIONSANDTIMING-

3.

DC Controller

Outputs (313)

r----------

DCcontrollel
PCB

24V
J309-1
Scanner

cooling

fan

II

J323-1
Exhaust

when

0. FM1 ON

when

O, FM2 ON

when

0. Pm-exposure

24V

fan

Pm-exposure
_________-_____--________,J,3,

lamps

I
I
I
I
I
I
1
I
I
1
LA731-LA739
____________-_____---__I

LA2

I -2
I
I
I
I
; -1
I
I

J304
-6

-5

24V

PEXP

See page

i______--__
Figure 3-8

3-25

lamps

ON

3. OPERATIONS AND TIMING

E. Basic Sequence of Operations (Direct, Continuous Copying 2


sheets)
WMUPR
POWER SWlTCH165C 175% COPY START key
(145-C) (155C)ON
ON
WMUP

ISTBYl

INTR

SCRV
\
1 SCFW 1

SCRV
\\

1 SCFW

ILSTRI

STBY

Numbers in parentheses apply to


when the CT Unit is used.

Figure 3-9
Purpose

Period
NMUP (Warm-Up)

NMUPR (WarmJp Rotation)

From switch on until


the fixing roller
temperature reaches
165C for the black
developer or 145C for
the CT Unit. (about 75
seconds at an ambient
temperature of 20C)

Allows time for fixing


roller to warm up.

Until the fixing roller


temperature reaches
175C to 180C for the
black developer or
155 to 160% for theCT unit.

Keeps fixing roller


temperature uniform.

Remarks
Warm-up time varies
with fixing roller
temperature at power
ON. When the COPY
START key is lighting
green.

* After the WMUPR

Stabilizes drum
sensitivity to prepare
for copying.

NTR (INITIAL
qotation)

About 2.2 set after the


COPY START key is
pressed.

Table 3-l (a)

period ends, the


READY/WAIT
indicator changes
from orange to
green.
Even when the fixing
roller has warmed
up, it rotates for at
least 3.5 seconds.

A Paper feed signal is


generated to feed the
first sheet of copy
paper.
Note:
About 9.9 set both AE
and non-AE mode.

Purpose

Period
4ER (AE Rotation)

From when the


scanner moves
forward about 70 mm
from the end of the
image until it returns to
its home position.

Moves the scanner


forward abour70 mm
from the end of the
image and measures
the document density.

In the non-AE mode,


the scanner does not
move forward or in
reverse.

XFW (Scanner
-orward)

When the,scanner is
moving forward.
Travel distance
changes with copy
paper size.

Scanning lamp illuminates original, and the


reflected optical image
is transmitted to the
photosensitive drum
through mirrors and
lens array.

. A REGISTRATION

SCRV (Scanner
qeverse)

While the scanner is


moving in reverse.
- The speed of the
reverse movement is
2.5 times that of the
forward movement.

Scanner is moved
back to the Home
position to prepare for
the next copy.

_STR (LAST
qotation)

Until the main motor


stop after SCRV for
the last copy ends.

Ensures discharge
the last copy.

STBY (STANDBY)

of

Waits until the COPY


START key is pressed.
Table 3-l (b)

,---

Remarks

signal is generated,
and copy paper is
fed to transfer area.
A PAPER FEED
signal is generated tc
feed the next sheet
of copy paper.

II. EXPOSURE SYSTEM

B. Lens Drive System

A. Changing the Reproduction


Ratio

Outline
The lens is moved by the scanner
motor (M2). Normally, the coupling gear is in
its upper position, and connects the scanner
motor to the scanner drive capstan.
To
move the lens, the lens solenoid (SL2) goes
ON, causing the coupling gear to disengage
from the scanner capstan gear and engage
with the lens capstan gear. The lens is a
floating element type. In operation,
the
relative
position
of the lens elements
(individual lenses) changes, and the focal
length changes as a result, but the changes
are to optimize
lens sharpness
for each
reproduction
ratio, not to make the lens
function as a zoom lens. (The lens should
not be dismantled.)
When the scanner motor rotates (CW),
the lens will be moved to the left (for
ENLARGEMENT)
by the capstan and cable.
When the cassette size is changed or
when the copier is in the REDUCE mode,
the blank exposure shutter moves in relation
to the distance over which the lens travels,
thereby
blanking
out the width corresponding
to the reproduction
ratio; see
p. 3-31.
The DC controller indicates E210 on
the control panel in response to an error in
the lens drive system.
1.

The reproduction ratio across the drum


is varied by changing the position of the
lens. It is moved by the lens drive system.
The reproduction
ratio around the drum is
varied
by changing
the speed
of the
scanner.
Figure
3-10 shows
how the
position of the lens is varied to change the
reproduction ratio across the drum

DRECT
ENLARGEMENT m&

Figure

3-10

The scanner drive system changes the


reproduction
ratio around
the drum by
varying the speed at which mirror 1 moves
relative to the peripheral speed of the drum.
(The scanner is mirror 1 plus the scanning
lamp.)
The mirror speed is faster than the
drum peripheral speed for REDUCTION and
slower for ENLARGEMENT.

No&,

,(.

((

;I_ (i(_,:,

1. The relative ~ospion of the mikw

_,

2,.;
if+

+t changed to varj, thd, repryductiot-,


,, 4
I
: ratio..
17

.2.

Cl

For OHEC? copying, the q&e&of


the.mi,rror
is the, same a&the
perip_heral speed ofthe drum. :: t* 31
,I,:
,,

, :

,/P

,-

-.

3.

OPERATIONS AND TIMING -

.-\
Scanner drive capstar

Coupling gear
Solenoid ON \

Lens drive cable

Enlargement

DC controller

direction

PCB

Figure

/-Y,

3-11

-3.

2.

OPERATIONS

AND TIMING

Basic Lens Drive System Operation


(change of reproduction ratio)
POWER

SWITCH

COPY START

1;

Scanner
poskion

key

fN

AER

) SCFW

INTR

(,

home
(Q3) signal

pm,

m-1

@)ccw

@ CW

rotatm
rotation

@ENLARGEMENT
direction
@Blanking
by
CASSETTE
SIZE
/REDUCTION\
\direction
)
@Blanking
Selected

by
REPRODUCTION

RATIO

Figure 3-12
When the casette size is changed or
when the copier is in the ZOOM mode, the
lens first returns to the home position before
moving to the position that corresponds to

the cassette size and the reproduction ratio.


This operation is executed also when the
ZOOM mode is switched to the DIRECT
mode.

,_.

3. OPERATIONS

C. Scanner Drive System


Outline
The scanner is driven by the scanner
motor (M2). The direction of rotation of the
scanner
motor determines
whether
the
scanner moves forward or backward. The
forward
speed of the scanner
motor is
continuously
variable
to produce
the
required reproduction
ratio. The reverse
1.

AND TIMING

speed is fixed regardless of the reproduction


ratio (2.5 times the forward
speed for
DIRECT copying).
The distance that the scanner moves
varies to suit the size of copy paper and the
reproduction ratio.
The control panel displays E202 in
response to an error in the scanner motor
(M2) or the scanner home position sensor
(Q3).

Mirror 1 mount

Scanner home position

ignal generating

Scanner motor (M2)

AC Ny

PCB
Figure 3-13

plate

2.

Relation Between Scanner Sensor and


Signals
Scanner
sensor

tinner
home
losition sensor

Scanner

Signal
name

Meaning
Reverse

Forward

- Grid bias ON

SCHP

Q3)

-L

* After 0.1 seconds, scanner stops


advancing
I

Table 3-2
3.

Basic Scanner Operation

POWER

switch

ON.

COPY

START

key ON

Figure 3-14

3-16

CCWRlGHT@
1093CM3N

NC.

Scanner Motor Drive System


Operation
The scanner
motor
is a 4-phase
stepping motor, and rotates CW and CCW
depending on the combination of pulses (A,
K B, E) to each phase.
a. Clockwise Rotation
The scanner
motor driver
outputs
pulses, and the motor rotates CW. This
moves
the lens in the direction
for
REDUCTION,
and the scanner
moves
forward.
For REDUCTION
copying, the motor
speed increases to move the scanner faster
(forward).
4.

SCMD

SCFW

Forward

Reverse

Braking

Still

If

1 and 0 are reversed from previous states.


1 or 0 is maintained.
Table 3-3
The motor driver circuit operates
as
shown
in Table
3-3 based
on the
-combinations of SCMD and SCFW.
When the scanner is moving forward,
the number of SCCLK pulses is varied
according to the reproduction ratio selected;
when the scanner
is moved in reverse,
however, the number remains the same.

b.

Counterclockwise
Rotation
The scanner motor is driven CCW by
pulses of phase relationship opposite of that
used to drive it CW. This moves the lens in
the direction
for ENLARGEMENT,
and
moves the scanner in reverse.
c.

Mechanism
The motor-driver
circuit controls the
direction and speed of the scanner motor
based on the following signals generated by
the microprocessor on the DC controller:
scanner motor drive commandMD)
A scanner forward command (SCFW)
* scanner speed control command(SCCLK)

E202 is indicated if the scanner does


not reach the home position within a specific
time after it has started to move.

--

J109-1
Scanner

M2

Scanner

-2

-3

Scanner forward
command (SCFW)

-7

-5

Scanner motor
drive command

-9

trotor

p
B

-3
.

,/-

speed conirol command

(SCMD)

-1

1
AC diver /DC
Supply PCB

power

Figure

3-15

: controller
P

-3.
5.

OPERATIONS AND TIMING

Scanner,Movement
for Two-Page
Separation Mode (copy count 2)
Dot. L.E. Dot. L.E. Doc.L.E. Dee. L.E. Dm. L.E. Doz. L.E.
(1Stpage) (1st page) (1st we) (2~1page) (1st paw) w page)
STBY

Figure 3-16
Timing of operations, I, II, and III shown
in figure 3-16 is with reference to the
leading edge of the first page of the
document (fall of Q3 signal).
I:

II:

The distance traveled by the scanner


from the leading edge of the original is
determined
by the reproduction
ratio
and the copy paper size, just as for a
normal copy.
This is roughly the same as I. If the

Ill:

forward
distance
traveled
by the
scanner is greater than 210 mm the DC
controller will judge that 210 mm is the
leading
edge of the original.
If the
distance
that the scanner
moves
,forward is less than 210 mm, the point
at which the scanner reverses in I will
be the leading edge of the second
page of the document.
Same as I,

D. Document Size Identification


1. Outline
The copier is equipped with auto ljaper
selection
and auto reproduction
ratio
selection mechanisms. These mechanisms
call for identification of the document size as
described below.
To enable such identification,
three
circuits areattached
under the copyboard
glass (Figure 3-17); when the copyboard
cover is lowered, the DC controller checks
the output of the& circuits twice, thereby
identifying the document as A3, A4, A4R, or
A5R.

DC conboller

The document
identification
circuit
causes its LED to emit light to illuminate the
document;
the reflected
light is then
checked
by the phototransistor,
whose
output is sent to the DC controller.
2.

Mechanism
The DC controller checks the output of
the document identification circuit when the
copyboard cover is lowered to about 20 deg.
(SW4 ON) and about 1 set second after the
over has been lowered
to about 5 deg.
(SW5 ON).
TheDC
controller
recognized
the
presence
of a document
if the two
measurements
are identical; conversely,
it
recognizes the absence of a,document if the
measurements are different.

DC controller PCB

PCB

(The thickness of the arrows represents the degree of the level.)


Figure 3-17
When a document is present, the light
reflected by the document is checked by the
document identification circuit; therefore, the
output of the circuit is constant regardless of
the angle of the copyboard cover.
When no document
is present,
the
output of the circuit from the first measurement is low or none at all; the output

of the circuit from the second measurement,


on the other hand, is high because the light
is reflected by the document sheet.
If the document
is too thick and,
therefore,
if only SW4 goes ON, the
document size is Identified based on the
current output level.

Copyboard cowr
moved up
v

Ddcument identification circuit LED

Copyboard cover
moved down
77

20
w

50
v

Figure 3-18 Document

Identification

Timing

,-

3. OPERATIONS

AND TIMING-

Identification of Document Size


The DC controller identifies the size of
documents based on the levels of the output
from the document identification circuit; see
Table 3-4.

3.

Document
Size

Document identification circuit


,
0
i

A3

constant

constant

A4

varying

constant

A4R

constant

varying

A!%

varying

varying

constant:

no change to output of document


identification
circuit; recognizes
presence of document.
change to output of document
identification
circuit; recognizes
absence of document.

varying:

,--I

Table 3-4
Phototransistor
\

A4

LED

I
I

A4R

A3

+5fl

ib

Document

identification

circuit

Document identification
signal 1 (DSZl)

Document

circull 0

1
t

14.
9

@Ii
Document /dentification

identification

___

._

signal 0 (DSZO)

I
DC controller

Copyboard

PCB

Figure 3-19

MYW signal 1 (CBCCl)

III. IMAGE FORMATION


SYSTEM
A. Outline

The
formation

basic structure
of the image
system is as shown below.

Scanning lamp control system


Primary/transfer
corona current and
grid bias voltage control system
Controlling developing bias
Document
density
measurement
system
Developing assembly/Drum cleaner
Blanking

.
.
.
I

I/

Scanning lamp

&__o
--&___._

+--r-----

8
I
.1

When shorted,
signal sent to
indicate black
developing
assembly.

DC controller
DC BIAS control command
PCB
(DCBC)

I)(HVT)

1 (

It------

-I

747

Figure 3-20

/-

3. OPERATIONS

,-- ,,,

AND TIMING-

B. Basic Operation ?f Image Formation System (Black Developing


Assembly, 2 Copies)
COPY

Developing

START

key

bias AC

* When CT unit is used.

Figure 3-21
When a color developing (CT) unit is used, the AC component
the main motor (Ml) is operating.
?

of the bias operates

when

C. Controlling the Scanning


Lamp
1.

Outline
The scanning lamp (LAl) is controlled
by the DC controller PCB; see Figure 3-22.
Specifically, the DC controller
turns the scanning lamp ON and OFF.
controls the intensity of the scanning lamp.
l

2.
a.

b.

Mechanism
Turning the Scanning
Lamp ON and
OFF
The microprocessor (Q303) on the DC
controller
PCB controls
the lamp
regulator. The scanning lamp goes ON
when
the
scanning
LAMP
ON
command (LAON) is l, and it goes
OFF when the signal is 0.
Controlling
the
Intensity
of the
Scanning Lamp
The machine exerts phase control by
the zero-cross
signal
(ZXDP)
to
stabilize the light intensity.

The intensity
of the scanning
lamp is
switched
between
when
the
black
developing assembly is used and when the,
CT unit is used.
When the CT unit is used, the LIGHT
INTENSITY
CONTROL
command. (m)
goes 1 to raise the lamp voltage by about
3.5 V higher
than
when
the black
developing assembly is used.
During AE exposure,
however,
the
voltage (70 V) applied to the scanning lamp
remains the same.
The NP6020 adjusts the copy density
using its development bias; see p, 3-26.
c. Error Protection
The condition of the scanning lamp is
monitored using the LIGHT signal (LGHT).
If the LIGHT signal (LGHT) is received
by the DC controller for about 20 set, the
error detection
circuit generates
the AC
SHUTGFF
signal (ACOFF)
to force the
relay (KlOl)
on the AC driver/DC
power
supply PCB to go OFF, thereby cutting AC
power supply (P. 3-45). In this case, E220
error is displayed.

CT unit
ACOFF

DC controller

PcB-

Lamp reg&tor

Figure 3-22

PCB

__

,----

D. Primary/Transfer Corona
Current and Grid Bias
Voltage Control System
Outline
The circuit
shown
in Figure
3-23
controls the primary/transfer coronil current
and the bias voltage
of the grid of the
primary
corona.
Main functions
are as
follows.
a. Switching
primary/transfer
corona
current ON/OFF
b. Maintaining
primary/trahsfer
corona
currentconstant
c. Switching
primary corona grid bias
voltage
d. Switching
primary corona grid bias
ON/OFF

2.

a.

1.

In order to eliminate
the effect of
changes in atmospheric
conditions on the
effectiveness
of the corona discharge, the
current
to the primary
corona
wire is
maintained constant.
The primary
corona
and transfer
corona current are switched ON and OFF by
the HVT ON command (m).
The grid bias v&age is switched by the
GRID ON signal (GRDON).

Switching
Primary/Transfer
Current ON/OFF
When HVTON =

Corona

1. Dlfferentlal amplifier goes OFF.


Variable
ulse width oscillator
Lgo;s OF/!
LHfh-voltage
0 F.
b.

transformer

goes

When HVTON = 0
1. Differential

amplifier goes ON.

Variable pulse width oscillator


goes ON.
L High - voltage transformer
ON.

goes

3.

Maintaining
Primary/Transfer
Corona Current Constant
If the primary corona current is greater
than the correct value due to changes in the
environment,
the level (analog)
of the
feedback signal to the differential amplifier
circuit will increase and the output from the
differential
amplifier circuit will fall. As a
result, the primary/transfer
coronal current
will fall. Similarly,
if the primary corona
current is too low, it will be increased
If the output side of the high-voltage
transformer
supplying the primary corona
assembly should be overloaded, the current
will be limited to a certain maximum.

3-25

4.
a.

Controlling Grid Bias Voltage


During scanning,
the DC controller
PCB outputs GRDUFI = 0.
LQ7 goes ON and the comparator
output is L.
1 Q6 goes OFF.
L Current does not flow into transformer T4 and 05 goes ON.
LBias

is applied to the grid.

1 The surface of the drum is


charged.
The voltage applied to the grid is fed
back to the comparator which functions to
maintain the grid voltage constant.
b.

When scanning is not taking place, the


DC controller PCB outputs GRDON =
1.
1 Q7 gees OFF and comparator
output is H.

circuit

L Q6 goes ON and current flows into


T4.
1. Bras IS not applied to the grid.

Under
the above
conditions,
the
surface of the drum is not charged, hence
toner does not adhere to it (blanking).
The timino at which the arid bias
is switched maybe varied using C&f or in
X6
the service mode (leading edge nonimage width adjustment).

E. Controlling

Developing

Bias

Outline
The circuit
shown in Figure
3-25
controls
the developing
bias. Its main
functions are as follows.
a. Switching
AC component
of the
developing bias ON/OFF.
b. Regulating
voltage
of the
DC
component of the developing bias.

,,___

1.

The copy density can be controlled by


varying the voltage of the developing bias to
suit the following variables.
a.
b.
c.

Settings of COPY
recalibration dial
AE sensor output
Type of developing

DENSITY

lever and

assembly

When there is a black developing


assembly in the copier, J306-1 and J306-4
are connected
electrically
to inform the
copier that a black developing assembly is
in place.
The photosensitive
drum gradually
deteriorates with use, causing the potential
(VL) of light areas of the drum to increase,
so that copy density is not correct for a
given setting of the copy density lever. To
compensate
for this, operate
the COPY
DENSITY
knob, which can be turned to
raise the DC bias by exactly the increase in
VL, thereby producing clear copies again.
2.
Operation
a. Switching
developing

AC component
bias ON/OFF

of

the

*-

The square wave generator operates


continuously while the copier remains ON.
a)

,When ACBON = 1
LAC

bias switch circuit goes ON

1 Output from the square wave


generator is cut off.
So AC bias is not
developing cylinder.

supplied

to the
...-

b)

The copy density knob changes


the DC
component of the developing bias as shown
in Figure 3-24.

When ACBON = 0
I, The AC bias switch circuit goes OFF.

The output
of the square
wave
oscillator goes to the Tl drive circuit. This
causes the AC high-voltage
transformer to
generate
a 1300VAC
AC bias, which is
supplied tothe developing cylinder.
Also, the output of the AC high-voltage
transformer is rectified and supplied to the
static charge eliminator (approx. 3.2 kV).
b. Controlling DC bias
The differential amplifier of Figure 3-25
operates when DCBC is 16V or below. (The
range of DCBC (analog) is 6 to 16V, as set
by the copy density
cursor
or the AE
system.)

COPY

oscillator

LDC high-voltage
goes ON.

transformer

is

-400

\__j\
-300- \Y
-500

Figure

applied

scale

-D

DC bias

1 Vanable pulse-width
goes ON.

The DC bias
developing cylinder.

lever

-200

1. Drfferentral amplifier goes ON.

DENSITY

to

the

Figure

3-25

3-24 Changes in Development


Bias (DC component)
by
COPY DENSITY Knob

3.

3. OPERATIONS AND TlMlNG

Developing

Bias Operation

/
COPY START key

Figure

3-26

* The value of the DC BIAS CONTROL


command and the DC bias are determined
by (1) the setting of the COPY DENSITY
lever and COPY DENSITY knob, (2) the
AE sensor output, and (3) the type of
developing assembly installed.
The DC bias used at times other than
during scanning depends on the type of
developing assembly installed.
Black developing assembly: Approx. -320V
CT unit: Approx. -220V

,-

3. OPERATIONS AND TIMING m

3.

Reading the Output of the AE


Sensor
The
AE
sensor
consists
of a
photodiode
(Q702) and an operational
amplifier
(Q701). If the strength
of light
striking the photodiode
is high, the output
voltage (AE) of the amplifier will be small. If
the amount of light is small, the output
voltage will be large.
The DC controller reads the output at a
certain time after the zero-cross
signal
(ZXDP) is received from the lamp regulator.
The data representing the adjusted AE
reference/slope
values
are Written to
EEPROM when CD3 or CD : is used in the
service mode.

F. document Density
Measurement System
1.

Outline
There
is an automatic
density
adjustment (AE) system which adjusts the
DC component of the developing bias to suit
the density of the original. If the density of
the original is more or less uniform, the AE
function varies the DC component
of the
developirig
bias to suit the density of the
original, so that copies of the correct density
will be made.
2.

Operation
The scanner moves forward approximately 70 mm past the leading edge of the
original
and stops
momentarily.
The
scanning lamp goes ON for approximately
one second, the image density is read by
the AE sensor, and the sensor output is
interpreted
by the DC controller.
The DC
controller then adjusts the DC component of
the developing bias accordingly.
[Approx. 65mm
Approx.

(I35 IA4
I

30mm
Approx.

I
;

For reference: I36size

Approx.
ApProx. 36mm
25mm --

A is the position of the AE sensc~r

Figure 3-27

r
I

i
,---

LrrE
i_-__-__--___-_____--DC controller PCB

AE sensor PCB

Figure

3-28

-3.

OPERATIONS AND TlMlNG

G. Developing Assembly/ Drum


Cleaner
Outlines
The paddle inside the drum cleaning
unit and also the developing
cylinder are
rotated by the main motor.
The amount of toner in the developing
assembly is sen$ed by the black toner level
sensor (TSl).
When the amount of toner falls below
the required
quantity,
the ADD TONER
indicator on the control panel will flash.
When the toner in the CT unit is used
up, the entire CT unit should be, replaced.
The toner collected
by the cleaning
blade is stored in the drum cleaning unit.
The developing
assembly is pressed
against the drum by a cam that presses
against the developing assembly rail. (The
cam is operated
by the developing
assembly release lever.)
1.

When the amount


of toner in the
hopper is sufficient, the sensor output is 1.
When it is below the specified level, the
output is 0.
The DC controller makes checks for 30
seconds
during copying,
if the TONER
EMPTY signal (BTEP) is being outputted. ,If
the, signal is outputted continuously
for 30
seconds, it is regarded as TONER OUT and
the DC controller makes the ADD TONER
indicator flash.
The CT unit for this copier does not
have a toner remaining
sensor or waste
toner sensor.
Torque Limiter
There is a torque limiter in the drive
train between the main motor and the drum
to stop the drum in response to a jam in the
drum cleaner.
3.

Remaining Toner Sensor


The black developing assembly has a
piezoelectric
type sensor (TSl)
which
senses if the toner remaining in the hopper
of the developing
assembly
is above or
below the required level.
2.

Figure

3 - 30

CCWRKiHl@
1903CUiQNNC

,_

3-29

--

H. Blanking

2.

Outline
The area of the drum between
the
trailing edge of one copy and the leading
edge of the next would normally act as an
all black
area and attract
toner
if a
preventive
measure were not taken. This
measure is to switch the primary corona
OFF and the primary corona assembly grid
wire bias ON. (There is no blank exposure;
see page 3-25.)
When the copy (cassette) size is a nondefault size or when the copier is in the
REDUCE
mode, the light from the preexposure
lamp
is directed
to the
photosensitive drum by way of the reflecting
plate to prevent adhesion of toner; the blank
exposure
shutter
is moved to open the
exposure slit making use of the movement
of the lens.

a.

1.

Movement of the Blank Exposure


Mechanism
When the copier is switched ON, the
lens first moves in the direction
of
enlargement
and then returns to the
home position. Next, the lens moves in
the direction
of reduction
for blank
exposure
up to a point that corresponds to the cassette size. At the time,
the blank solenoid goes ON, and the
blank exposure shuttermmoves in the
direction of the arrow bythe force of
the spring.
Blank exposure
shutter
/

(Front)

Figure 3-31

Blank exposure shutter

-3.

b.

OPERATIONS AND llMlNC

The blank exposure shutter is moved


by the cam attached to the bottom of
the lens when the lens moves to the
blank exposure position, which corresponds to the cassette size.
The blank solenoid (SL4) goes OFF as
soon as the blank exposure shutter has
moved to a cut-out to fix the shutter in
position; cut-offs are provided for each
cassette size. DIRECT and ENLARGE
copies are made with the mechanism in
this position.

Figure
c.

3-32

When the REDUCE mode is selected,


the lens first returns
to the home
position and then moves to a position
that corresponds
to the selected
reduction ratio. At the time, the blank
exposure
shutter
is moved
over a
distance corresponding to the selected
reduction ratio by the cam attached to
the bottom of the lens to execute blank
exposure.

_/--..

---\_
Figure

3-33

I_

IV. PAPERTRANSPORT
SYSTEM
A. Paper Pick-up Assembly and
Feeder
1.

&line
When the pick-up clutch solenoids
(SLl, SL6) engage, the main motor (Ml)
turns the roller, feeding a sheet of copy
paper to the registration rollers. The number
of rotations of the pick-up roller varies with
the fength of the copy paper.
The copy
paper
is fed by the
registration rollers so that its leading edge is
in line with the leading edge of the toner
image on the photosensitive
drum. It then
passes through the transfer,
separation,
feed, fixing and delivery stages to the copy
tray.

The copy paper is sensed by paper


sensors (Q2, Q5). If it does not reach or
pass the sensors within the specified period,
the DC controller PCB judges that a jam has
occurred and causes the JAM indicator on
the control panel to flash.
Cassette
paper sensors
(Q6, Q7)
senses
whether
there is paper in the
cassette.
If there is not, the CASSETTE
PAPER EMPTY signals (UCPD,
LCPD)
becomes
O, causing
the ADD PAPER
indicator on the control panel to go ON.
Pick-up

roller

f---w

Control
ring
Figure 3-34

-3.

OPERATIONS AND TIMING

I-DC controller
PCB

Cassette
1

Figure 3-35

3-34

CCWRIGHT

@ ,993 CbMJN NC

YI

3. OPERATIONS

2.

Pick-up and Feeder Operation

-,~
I
I

Figure 3-36

AND TIMING

-3.

OPERATIONS AND TIMING

3.

Identifying the Cassette Size


The presence/absence
of a cassette in
the cassette holder and the size thereof are
identified by four switches (CSTI through
CST4) provided
in each cassette holder.
Based onthe combinations of the switches

which have been actuated,


the microprocessor recognizes the presence/absence
of a cassette as shown in Table 3-5 and, at
the same time, determines where to reverse
the scanner and how to control the blank
shutter.

0: SW is OFF.
1: SW is ON.

(unit: mm)
Table 3-5

__

3. OPERATIONS

Pick-Up from Multifeeder


The multifeeder
pick-up
roller
is
controlled by the main motor (Ml).
When the multifeeder
paper sensor
(al) identifies copy paper and the COPY
START key is pressed,
the multifeeder
clutch (CL2) goes ON and the pick-up roller
starts to rotate to pick up the paper.
When the copy paper reaches
the
registration
roller, the multifeeder
clutch
(CL2) goes OFF and the pick-up
roller
stops.
At the same time, the multifeeder
solenoid (SL3) goes ON to transmit
the
drive of the main motor (Ml) to the cam

4.

DC controller

AND TIMING-

mechanism,
thereby
lowering
the multifeeder holding tray to prevent dirt on the
next copy paper in duplex.
The multifeeder
solenoid (SL3) goes
OFF as soon as the first copy paper moves
past the pre-registration
paper moves past
the preregistration
paper sensor (Q2); at
the time, the multifeeder holding tray returns
to the normal pick-up position.
f,Jdte:,

: I,:,, I;;:,

.,,, (:::,;I;

The degree of arching fdi,pi$C;b$ f+hj


1themultifeedar
may ,be +fjusted
'4'
!he:,!
serp mode (cm).
: ,_ , 11I ;;l:s,

,,, ,

PCS

Cam mechanism

Figure 3-37

I.,.

3. OPERATIONS AND TIMING


(Holding

(P&up)

plate)
_--

Multifeeder
ifeeder

solenoid

solenoid

(SL3) ON

(SL3)
j\.

the holding

Figure 3-38

plate

Figure 3-39
_
COPY

START

ke

Figure 3-40

3 -

38

,_--.\

,/ --Y

B. Fixing Assembly and


Delivery Unlit
Controlling
the Fixing Roller
Temperature
The upper and lower rollers of the fixing
assembly
and the delivery
roller of the
delivery unit are driven by the main motor
(Ml). The upper roller is heated by a heater
(H1:95OW) built in it.
The DC controller monitors the surface
temperature of the upper heater by means
of a thermistor (THl) so as to control the
temperature to a specific value.
The temperature
of the upper fixing
roller is controlled as follows:
@ For Black Developing Assembly
175C (at standby, during copy
ooeration)
140% (inpre-heat mode)
0
ForCTUnit
155C (at standby, during copy
operation)
140C (in pre-heat mode)

1.

To prevent drops in
the upper roller during
operation,
the control
switched after 2 copies
Table 3-6) and 4 copies
Table 3-6).

the temperature of
continuous
copy
temperature
IS
for long paper (a,
for short paper (b,

For Black Developing Assembly


If the copy is narrow (c, Table 3-6)
control temperature is 175C.
If the copy is wide
control temperature
175C to 165C.

(d, Table 3-6), the


is switched from

For CT Unit
If the copy is narrow (c, Table 3-6)
control temperature is 155C.
If the copy is wide
control temperature
155C to 165C.

the

the

(d, Table 3-6), the


is switched from

A3, B4, A4, 85, 11 X 17, LTR,


Multifeeder
Table 3-6

The copier is equipped with three protection


mechanisms to prevent the fixing heater
from going ON at wrong timing.
- The microprocebsor
monitors
the
voltage of THl and indicates EOOO or
EOOl in response to an error.
If the voltage of THl falls below about
0.9 V (equivalent of 215C), the error
detection
circuit cuts off the supply
power to the fixing heater regardless of
the output of the microprocessor.
If the inside temperature of the thermal
switch rises above 220% the power to the
fixing heater will be off.
l

3. OPERATIONS AND TIMING

The mechanism
is driven by the oil
application solenoid (SL5); SL5 goes ON 1
set after the registration roller goes ON; it
then goes OFF as soon as the main motor
(Ml) goes OFF.thereby
bringing
the oil
application roller into contact with the upper
fixing roller.

2.

Oil Application Roller


The upper fixing roller is provided with
an oil application
roller for cleaning and
application
of oil. Normally,
the oil
application
roller remains away from the
fixing roller, and it comes into contact with
the upper fixing roller only when copy paper
passes through.

DC Controller

,~.

Pa?

Oil applicalion solenoid


J3lC-3

OILSL

Microprocessor

:(slave)
__J318-2

THl

Micro
processor
(master)

Delivery roller
Upper fixing heater

)T

J303-4

A-

Power Supply

Figure 3-41

l
i

HTRD

3.

Operation of Fixing Assembly


Temperature Control System

Power switch 165C 175C COPY START key

~_--I,
I When

160C
I

i/

150C
l/

Ji
,I
,I

;
I
/

black developing

I
I
II

Figure 3-42

assembly

used /

3. OPERATIONS AND TIMING

C. Jam Detection
The copier has two sensors to sense
whether copy paper is being fed normally.
Preregistration
paper sensor (02)
- Delivery paper sensor (Q5)
Paper jams can be identified
by the
microprocessor by reading signals from the
sensors at predetermined
times to check if
paper is at or not at a sensor at that time,
and thus identify if the paper is moving
through the copier correctly.
If a jam occurs, the copier memorizes
the number of copies that have not yet been
made and also the copier settings.
This
information is stored in the copier, even if
the power is cut off by opening the front
door in order to reset the copier.
l

a.

The microprocessor identifies a jam in


any of the following four cases. Also, the
microprocessor judges that there is a jam if
one of the sensors detects paper when the
power is switched ON.

1.

Pick-up Assembly
Delay Jam
If the copy paper does not reach the
paper sensor of the pick-up assembly within
a specified period after paper pick-up-starts,
the microprocessor will judge that a pick-up
delay jam has occurred, and immediately
stop the operation of the copier. Also, the
JAM indicator on the control panel will flash
and a segment of,the PAPER SELECT/JAM
indicator will go ON.

Multifeeder
JAM indicator
flashes

COPY START
key ON

_-..

Figure 3-43 (multifeeder


b.

pick-up assembly

delay jam)

Cassettes
COPY START
key ON

1.8 set
Lower cassette: 2.7 set
Figure 3-44 (cassette pick-up assembly

JAM indicator
flashes

* Upper cassette:

delay jam)

3.

Delivery Assembly Stationary Jam


If the copy does not pass the delivery
assembly paper sensor within the specified
period after the registration
roller clutch
(CLI) operates,
the microprocessor
will
judge that a delivery unit stationary jam has

2.

-A

OPERATIONS AND TIMING-

occurred,
and immediately
stop the
operation
of the copier.
Also, the JAM
indicator on the control paperwill flash and
a segment of the PAPER SELECT/JAM
indicator will go ON.

JAM indicator
flashes

COPY START
key ON

,--

Figure 3-45 (delivery

assembly

Delivery Assembly Delay Jam


If the copy does not reach the delivery
assembly paper sensor within the specified
period after the registration
roller clutch
(CLl) has operated, the microprocessor will
judge that a delivery assembly delay jam

3.

COPY START
key ON
/--

jam, A4 size)

has occurred,
and immediately
stop the
operation
of the copier.
Also, the JAM
indicator on the control panel will flash and a
segment
of the PAPER
SELECT/JAM
indicator will light.

JAM indicator
flashes

I,

Figure 3-46 (delivery assembly

,/-

stationary

stationary jam, A4 size)

3. OPERATIONS AND TIMING

V. POWER SUPPLY
A. AC Driver/DC Power Supply,
1.

Outline
The AC driver/DC power supply PCB is
supplied
with AC power when the door
switch (SW2) and the power switch (SWl)
go.ON.
On the other hand, the DC power
supply supplies the main body with 24 VDC
and 5 VDC.
24 VDC is used to drive the scanner
motor (M2), fans and solenoids as well as
high-voltage
transformer
(HVT); 5 VDC is
used by the sensors and ICs on the DC
controller PCB.
2.

DC Power Supply Circuit


The 24 VDC for the DC power supply is
supplied by the switching regulator.
The 5 VDC, on the other hand, is
supplied
by the DC/DC converter
after
conversion from 24 VDC.
The DC/DC converter
generates
the
reset signal (RESET) after power-on and
until the 5VDC supply stabilizes to reset the
micro
processor,
thereby
preventing
malfunction of the micro processor.

3.

AC Driver Circuit
The DC power supply/AC driver PCB
has an AC driver circuit and, based on the
signals from the DC controller PCB, controls
the SSRs and relays on the DC power
supply/AC driver PCB to drive AC loads.
If the DC controller
PCB detects an
error, the ACOFF signal is generated to turn
the relay
(KIOI)
on the DC power
supply/AC driver PCB OFF, thereby shutting
off the power to the lamp regulator and the
fixing heater.
When the power is shut off, switch the
copier OFF, and identify the cause; then,
switch the copier OFF.
Note that repeated short-circuiting and
resetting can cause the built-in fuse to blow.

3. OPERATIONS AND TIMING B

AC load

C OFF

FW3
(FW

I
!(;I
-

24V

Switching
regulator

ix

3ESEl

3,

I-

I
I

DC
24V

ADF i Sorter

I
AC dker/

___

DC-power swly

P&3

indicates AC line

Figure 3-47

-I

-3.

ObERATlONS AND TIMING

VLSERVICE MODE

--

A. Outline
The NP602Os service mode allows the
following:
. checking
the operation
of some
switches and LEDs.
. changing data in EEPROM.

9. Using the Service Mode


1)
2)
3)
4)
6)
.
6)
7)

Detach the VR cover from the rear of


the left cover.
Check that the COPY START key is
glowing green.
Press the service switch (SW300) on
the DC controller PCB.
Check that COO is indicated.
Enter the No. of the desired service
mode using the numeric keypad on the
control panel.
For example,
the display
indicates
ED3 in response to a press on 3.
Press the SORT/GROUP key.
Operate as follows as necessary.

A press on the SORT/GROUP


key
executes
the selected
mode; a second
press stops the execution.
<Mode No. CO I through CUB and E IS >
Change the setting using the numeric
keypad, and press the SORT/GROUP
key;
the setting will be stored in EEPROM.
<Mode No. L rB >
Press the AE key twice, and check
CEP is indicated on the control panel; then,
press the SORT/GROUP key.
Press the service switch
leave the service mode.

3 - 46

cm-fRlQm
0 1993
CbmNNC.

(SW300)

to

ClNoNNW20REV.OMAY 1993PRNTED

NJWIN,IMPRME

AJIPON)

3. OPERATIONS

AND TIMING

C. Guide to Service Mode


Default
Remarks

Display

Mode No.

Settings
p

j-f

h(rr

1-1

Use it when adjusting


reference point/slope;
3-52.

AE sensor output

the AE
see p.

r(

I-1

AE adjustment
23

A higher setting causes copies


of newspaper to become
lighter; see P.3-52. (unit: O.lV)

0 to 50

I-

I!-

II,

Leading-edge registration
adjustment (registration roller
ON timing adjustment)

32

A higher setting delays the


registration roller ON timing.
(unit: 0.25 mm)

0 to 63

r
L

Leading-edge non-image
width adjustment (grid bias
switch timing adjustment)

r(,(
LI-1

32

A higher setting increases the


leading edge non-image width
(unit: 0.25 mm)

0 to 63

r;

ro

I!

8-f

Degree of arching (multifeeder


pick-up; clutch off timing
adjustment)

32

A higher setting delays the


multifeeder clutch OFF timing.
(unit: 0.25 mm)

0 to 63

3 - 47

-3.

OPERATIONS AND TIMING

i
Default
Mode No.

Display

Remarks
Settings

)T

r j-

I-

UZI

Leading edge registration


adjustment (2nd page in
page separation; registration
roller ON timing adjustment)

32

A higher setting advances the


registration roller ON timing.
(unit: 0.25 mm)

0 to 63

P
h

I(

UU

Leading edge non-image


width adjustment (2nd page
in page separation; grid bias
switch timing adjustment)

32

A higher setting increases the


leading edge non-image width
(unit: 0.25 mm)

/-.

0 to 63

Automatic paper selection


(APS) mode setting

Selects/Deselects
the APS
mode at time of power-on: 1,
APS ON; 0, APS OFF.

Oor 1

rcy

Auto shut-off mode setting


1

hUrr

Selects/Deselects the Auto


shut-off mode: 1, Auto shut-off
ON; 0, Auto shut-off OFF.

Oor 1
r

rca

U-I

The output voltage of


document size 0 is indicated
on the controlpanel

About 6 (0.6V) when the


copyboard cover is closed.
-

About 40 (4.OV) when the


copyboard cover is open.

(unit: 0,lV)

I-

3. OPERATIONS

AND TIMING

Default
Remarks

Display

Mode No.

Settings
p

(c(

I-

11-I

The output voltage of document size 1 is indicated on the


control panel

About
6 (0.6V)
when the
copyboard cover is closed.
-

Abbut 40 (4.OV) when the


copyboard cover is open.
(unit: 0.1 V)

I(

,r

;,=I

Cassette size 2

_
Cassette

size 1

The size of the cassette is


indicated in code in response
to the output of the activated
cassette switch; see Table 37.

[Id
c

1-J

(c

LED
[

ON check

(on control

panel)

AE mode setting

Selects/Deselects
the AE
mode at time of power-on: 1,
AEON; 0, AE OFF.

0 or 1

For factory adjustment


c

r;s

Do not change the setting;


i.e., keep it to 0.

0 to 5

r
I!-

(0
1U

EEPROM

reset

Initializes
EEPROM
DC controller PCB.

on the

11

Code

~~~
Cassette size

No cassette

Ui

85

l1O

u2

u3

11

Letter

A4

12

STMT-R

B5-R

13

Legal

B4

14

Letter-R

A4-R

15

11x17

A3

16

Multifeed

A5R

Code

Cassette

size

,-

Table3-7 Cassette

Size Codes

3. OPERATIONS

~ D. Adjustment

1.

image Leading Edge NonReproduced


Area
There is a white strip on the bottom of
the copyboard glass in the position shown in
the figure below. if bias is being applied to
the grid of the primary corona while the
scanner
is passing
the white strip, the
leading edge of the copy will be reproduced
blank. if the leading edge non-image width
is outside the standards, adjust the timing at
which the grid bias goes from OFF to ON in
the service mode (tU3 ).

,-\ \

Suriace

Approx.

Figure

---.

of copyboard

glass

1Omm

3-49

The standard image leading edge nonreproduced


area on a DIRECT copy of a
test sheet is 2.0 f 1.5 mm.

Figure 3-49

I
~

A higher setting ( Co3 ) increases the


leading edge non-image width; in units of
0.25 mm.

AND TIMING

13.

OPERATIONS AND TIMING

AE Adjustment
Make the following adjustments when
the AE sensor or the DC controller PCB has
been replaced.
2.

1)
2)
.
3)

4)

Remove the VR cover at the back of


the left cover.
Set the power switch ON.
Wait until the WAIT period has ended.
Place an NB-3, NA-3 or NA-2 test
sheet on the copyboard, and lower the
copyboard cover.
Press switch
SW 300 on the DC
controller PCB.
COOwill appear
on the
COPY
COUNT/RATIO
indicator
on the
control panel.
If LiY3 does not appear, press the 0
number key on the control panel so
that &Xl appears.
Press the SORT/GROUP
key on the
control panel.
*The scanner will move forward to the
AE measuring
position,
then the
scanning lamp will go ON.
Adjust VR301 on the DC controller so
that 22 appears
on the COPY
COUNT/RATIO indicator.

8)

9)

10)

11)

12)

13)

Remove the test sheet, place a sheet


of newspaper
on the copybo8rd,
and
lower the copyboard cover.
Press the SORT/GROUP key.
*The copier will p,erform-the
same
operations as described in step 5).
Make a note of the num-erical value
displayed on the COPY COUNT/RATIO
indicator.
Press the SORT/GROUP key.
*CCLIwill appear on the COPY COUNT/
RATIO indicator.
,Press the 1 number key.
C3 I will appear on the COPY COUNT/
RATIO indicator.
Enter the value recorded in step 10)
using the numeric keypad.

--

5)

8)

L,,

Document density
Test sheet Sheet

when the setting is lowered.

c3

: when the setting is raised.

Figure

Test sheet

3-51

Document densitv
Sheet of newspaper

Figure
7)

of neWSPaPer

3-50

Press the SORT/GROUP key.


*The scanning lamp will go OFF, and
the scanner will return to the HOME

,__

,I

3. OPERAlIONS AND TIMING-

VII. SELF DIAGNOSjS


The
DC controller
PCB
has
a
microprocessor that diagnoses the functions
of the copier (particularly
the sensors) at
appropriate intervals. If this microprocessor
detects an error, it will display the type of
Main cam3

Code displayed
E

3ez

rrrrO

Iuu

ri

-1

B-4

Defective thermistor (THl), AC


driver/DC power supply PCB,
Fixing roller heater (Hl), or DC
controller PCB

II the temperature remains 220C or higher for 0.1


seconds or longer.

Counter, DC controller PCB

II the break signal is emitted continuously for 0.1


seconds or more the counter is not being driven.

DC controller PCB

E2 rU
7

_ro

17

tCCM

zv#

-tr

tco

._

1
I

-eBu

s33

If the temperature of the fixing rollers after 40


seconds is virtually the same as when the copier is
turned ON. (This indication does not appear if
warm-up is completed within 30 seconds.)
If the temperature of the fixing roller drops below
100% for 0.1 seconds or longer after warm-up is
completed.

1, If the scanner is not at the HOME position (SCHP


= 0) when the COPY START key is pressed.
If the scanner does not return to the HOME
position (SCHP remains 0) within 15 seconds (A4
size) after it starts to reverse.
2. If the scanner is in the HOME position (SCHP = 1)
when the COPY START key is pressed.
* If the scanner does not leave the HOME
position (SCHP remains 1) within 1.5 second
after it staris to advance.
- If the scanner does not return to the HOME
position (SCHP remains 0) within 1 second after
it leaves the HOME position (SCHP = 0).

Lens home posirion sensor (Q4),


or DC controller PCB

If the lens does not return to the HOME position


(LHP remains 0) within 2.5 seconds.
If LHP remains 1 for at least 4 seconds.

lamp regulator PCB


Scanning lamp

*
-

At the lamp ON liming, LAON=l is not true.


At the lamp OFF timing, LAON=O is not true.

DC controller PCB

The communication between microprocessor (master)


and microprocessor (slave) is interrupted.

DCcontrollerPCB

If the data in EEPROM has been rewritten more than


specified.

AC driver/DC power supply,


DC controller PCB

If the mains frequency is out of the allowed range.

ADF controller PCB, AC driver/DC


power supply PCB, or DC
controller PCB

If ADF remains 0 for

Sorter cuntroller PCB or DC


controller PCB

EP
E

Fault criteria

Thermistor (THl). Fixing roller


heater (Hl), AC driver/DC power
supply PCB, DC controller PCB.
Operation of thermoswitch

CWZU

the error on the indicator


on the control
panel.
The table below shows the various fault
codes, their meaning, and the corresponding detection timing.
Example of EOOOcode indication:
EaafliJlight
alternately.

12seconds

or longer.

If the copier does not communicate with the sorier


for at least 12 seconds.
If the SORTER STANDBY signal does not return
within 35 seconds after the BCR signal is
outputted.

3. OPERATIONS AND TIMING


Note:

(0,

After self diagnosis has been executed, :


the copier may be: reset by switching it :
OFF and, then ON irnless EOOo3or EOOI :
,
is indicaied,onthe
display.

,__ X

This consideration
is made to prevent
the user from resetting the copier when the
fixing assembly has a serious fault (open
thermistor or others) that can damage the
assembly:
Rest the copier as follows if EOOO or
'EOOl is indicated:
DetachtheVR cover.
Press the service switch (SW300) on
the DC controller.
Check that P and OFF alternate on
the control
panel
COPY COUNT/
RATIO indicator.
Switch the copier OFF.

I._

I. EXTERNALS
A. External Covers

Note:

-0

-a

1.
1)

3)
Copyboard cover
Left cover
Delivery cover
Copyboard glass
Figure

@
@
0
@

Control panel
Front door
Cassettes
Lower left cover

Detaching the Inside Cover


Remove the two screws @ that hold
the front cover bands in place.
Remove the screw, and detach the
fixing assembly knob 0.
Remove the four mounting screws 0,
and detach the inside cover 0.

4-100

Figure 4-102

@ Right cover
@ Rear upper cover
Figure

@ Rear cover
@ Right door
4-101

Detach the covers as necessary when


cleaning, checking, or repairing the inside of
the machine; covers that can be detached
by mere removal of the fixing screws are
omitted from the discussions.

:I

Make sure t&t


the copi&
doors are
closed before detaching the copyboard,:
glass. Use alcohol when cleaning. the
glass; do not use solvent, or the white
paint along thelright edge.of the glass m&y,
melt.

2)

@
@
@
@

: (I ,,;,;

2.
1)
2)

4. MECHAMCALSVSTEM

Detachfng the Right Door


Open the right door.
Disengage the two hooks 0.

B. Control Panel
1.
1)
2)

,,-.

Detaching the control panel


Detach the inside cover.
Remove the five screws 0, and lift the
control panel @ toward the front to
detach.

Figure 4-103
3)

Detach the right door @ as if to lift it out


of the cut-offs @.

Figure 4-106
3)

Figure 4-104
3.
1)

;;
4)

Detaching the Upper Rear Cover


Detach the copyboard cover, copyboard glass, and rear cover.
Remove the two screws 0.
Disengage the hook 0.
Detach the upper rear cover @ as if to
lift it.

Lift the control panel @ to the front, and


turn it over.

,Note:,s*.!

,:,

,,

Figure 4-107

Figure 4-l 05

,_^

Do not force. the control. pan&, or. the


harqess ~nn&tedto
it may snSpoff.

-_

4. MECHANICALSYSTEM I

,,_

C. Copyboard

Cover

Replacing the Copyboard Sheet


1.
The copyboard sheet is attached to the
copyboard cover using adhesive tape and
can be detached by pulling at its corner.
After replacement, make sure to even
out the sheet for even contact.

Scanner Cooling Fan (FMl)


2.
1) Detach the rear cover.
21 Detach the filter case @as
-
from the bottom.

if to lift it

D. Fans
1.

Outline
The NP6020 is equipped with two fans
to circulate
the air inside the machine,
thereby
preventing
the machine
from
overheating.
Each fan serves the following function.

Figure 4-109

:/- _\ Scanner cooling fan (FMl): cools the scanExhaust fan (FM2):discharges
outside.

ner feeder fan


air to the

3)
4)
5)

Flgure

Cut off the harness band as necessary.


Disconnect
the connector
@ (J309)
from the DC controller PCB.
Remove
the three screws 0, and
detach the scanner cooling fan 0.

4-108

Figure 4-110

-i

4. MECHANICALSYSTEM

3.

Exhaust Fan (FM2)


Open the front door, and detach
drum unit.
Detach the rear cover.
321 Disconnect the connector (J323),
remove the two screws from the
controller
PCB; then, shift the
controller PCB.
4) Remove the two screws @ from
rear of the exhaust fan.
1)

Figure
1

5)

6)

the

and
DC
DC
the

4-111 (rear view)

Detach the ozone filter and the inside


cover;
then,
release
the feeder
assembly.
Hold the exhaust fan assembly @ on
its bottom, and remove the two screws
0; then, pull the assembly to the front.

Figure

4-112

4.

fr.,, II. DRIVE SYSTEM


A. Lens Drive Assembly
The unit is adjusted at the factory with
high precision using special tools. Do not
remove parts or loosen screws other than
those discussed.

MECHANICAL

SYSTEM

1.
1)

2)

Detaching the Lens Cable


Detach the copyboard
cover, copyboard glass, lens cover, rear cover, and
upper rear cover.
Remove the three screws @ shown in
Figure 4-201, and detach the upper
frame.

2.
1)

2)

3)

Routing the Lens Cable


Remove the two screws that hold the
lens pulley fixing plate in place, and
detach the lens pulley; see Figure 4200.
Wind the lens cable around the lens
pulley as shown in-Figure 4-200; then,
fix it using two screws,
Shift the pulley mount to the position
marked with a scriber, and fix it in place
using two screws.

,--

Figure 4-201
3)

4)

Mark the position of the pulley mount


and the cable mount using a scriber;
see Figure 4-200.
Remove the two @ screws that hold
the pulley
mount @ in place;
see
Figure 4-202.

_-._

Figure 4-202
5)

4-6

Detach the cable (cable mount).

CLWRlOHT
@ 1093
CINON

NC.

CANON NPW20

REV.OMAV

1993pRNTED

NJWMI(IMPRME

AUJAFON)

B. Scanner Drive Assembly


Topgrooveofthe pulley

Pulley 1
Y3

Figure

1.
1)

2)

,..--A

4-203 Scanner

Detaching the Scanner Cable


Mark the position of the mount, and
loosen screw B (1 PC.), which hold the
mount in place.
Loosen screw A (1 PC.), and detach the
scanner cable.

Drive Assembly

2.
1)
2)
3)

Attaching
the Scanner Cable
Route the scanner cable as shown in
Figure 4-203.
Position the fixing plate where a mark
has been put using screw A.
Tighten screw B.

4. MECHANICAL

SYSTEM

3.

Adjusting the Mirror Position


(optical distance between No. 1
and No. 2 mirrors)
Adjust the position of the mirror after
attaching the scanner cable.
To adjust, relocate the fixing used for
the No. 1 mirror mount; loosen the two
screws.

i.
Figure 4-205

ii.
x=y
XY
X<Y

1)

Draw a line 10 mm from both ends of


copy paper (A4 or A3) as shown in
Figure 4-204.

--j

FlOmm

correct
move the No.
the direction of
move the No.
the direction of

1 mirror
@
1 mirror
@

n
4)

mount

into

Fixing screws

Figure 4-204

3)

into

lOmm-+

No. 1 mirror mount

2)

mount

Make a copy of the sheet on which


lines have been drawn; call the copy
obtained this way sheet A.
Place a blank sheet of paper on the
copyboard,
and feed the sheet on
which lines were drawn in the manual
mode; call the delivered sheet sheet B.
Sheet B will show contraction by heat.
Put the left lines on sheet A and sheet
B together, and adjust the position of
the No. 1 mirror mount so that x and y
in Figure 4-205 are identical.

Mirror drive cable

(rear)

Figure 4-206

Using the Mirror

Cleaning

3)

Tool

Mirror 6 cleaning assembly

Push the mirror cleaning tool against


the No. 5 mirror as shown in Figure 4209, and clean the lens by sliding it
back and forth.

No.4 mirror

Mirror

cleaning tool

Mirror 5 cleaning assembly

Figure
5.

1)

2)

4-207

Cleaning the No. 5 Mirror


Detach the copyboard
glass and the
lens cover; then, remove the screw,
and detach the mirror cleaning
tool
from the lens mount.
Detach the lens cover, and insert the
mirror cleaning tool as shown in Figure
4-208.

Figure 4-209
6.

1)
2)

Mirrorcleanmg tool

Cleaning the No. 6 Mirror


Detach the drum cartridge, developing
assembly, and dustproof glass.
Put the mirror cleaning tool against the
mirror as shown in Figure 4-210, and
clean the lens by sliding it back and
forth.

Vo. 5 mirror

Butted.

Figure 4-210
Figure 4-208

,/~--.

7.

Lubricating
Clean the scanner
8
lubricant evenly over It.

rail;

then,

apply

C. Main Motor Assembly


1.
1)
2)

3)

Detaching the Main Motor


Detach the fixing assembly
and the
rear cover.
Disconnect all connectors, and remove
the two screws from the DC controller
PCB; then, detach the DC controller
PCB.
Disconnect
the connector
(J105) @
from the AC driver/DC
power supply
PCB 0.

2.

Mountmg
.
the Main Motor
The drive of the main motor is used to
drive
the drum and execute
pick-up
operations by way of timing belts.
Adjust
the tension
of the belt by
selecting the mounting
hole of the main
motor so that when the center of the timing
belt is pushed down with a force of 5009,
the distance between the two runs of the
belt is between 20 mm and 25 mm.

Main motor mounting


Tension

dweases

Tension

holes
increases

20 to 25 mm

Figure

Figure 4-211
4)

Remove the four screws 01 and detach


the main motor @ as if to lift it toward
the front.

4-213

To adjust
the timing
belt used to
execute pick-up operations,
on the other
hand, push the pulley support plate with a
force of 2.4 kg, and fix it in place when it
stops; see Figure 4-214.

Pick-up

d,rive unit

Pulley suppdrt

plate

Figure 4-214

Figure 4-212

,,--\

~ III. FEEDER SYSTEM


5)

~ A. Pick-up Assembly
1.

:;
3)

Detaching the Upper and Lower


Pick-Up Roller Shaft
Detach the rear cover.
Remove the four fastons 0, and two
screws 0.
Detach the solenoid unii 0.

Detach the pick-up


found at the rear.

roller

bushing

Figure 4-302

3) Detach the cassette.


7)
Figure 4-300
4)

Detach the control


pick-up roller shaft.

ring @ from

Figure 4-301

Detach the lower left cover and the


right cover; detach the cbver @ (2
screws) as if to lift it. (This applies only
when you are detaching the lower pickup roller shaft.)

the

Figure 4-303

4. MECHAMCAL SYSTEM

6) Press the two levers 0, and push the

9)

cassette support @ slightly to the rear.


In this condition, push down the hook
@ of the cassette
support
using a
screwdriver
to detach the cassette
support.

11) Detach the pick-up


found at the front.

4-304

12) Shift the Dick-uo roller shaft 0 to the


rear, and beta& the pick-up rojer shaft
from the front.

the screw @, and move the


sensor
mount
@ to the edge to
facilitate work. (This applies only if you
are detaching the lower pick-up roller
shaft.)

Figure 4-307

4-305

4-306

10) Remove

Figure

bushing

,__.__

Figure

Figure

roller

4. MECHANICAL SYSTEM -

,--.,
,/

i
\,:

3.
1)

Detaching the Pick-Up Roller


Detach the pick-up roller 0 frqm the
pick-up roller shaft 0.

Positioning
the Pick-Up Roller
Attach the pick-up roller to the pick-up
shaft as shown in Figure 4-311; make sure
that the pick-up
roller is fitted into the
mounting hole.

4.

(front)

(rear)

-Pick-up

Figure 4-308 (viewed

shaft
I
01

Mounting hole (inches)


D

DIIQDP

Mounting hole (metric)


Lfetr;c configurafiorl

from above)

only.

Figure 4-311
5.
:;

Figure
2)

4-309 (viewed

Detaching the Multifeeder


Roller
Detach the right door; see p. 4-2.
Disengage
the four hooks 0,
detach the U-turn guide unit 0.

from above)

Detach the rubber @ from the pick-up


roller; see Figure 4-310.

Figure

4-310
Figure 4-312

and

4. MECHANICALSYSTEM

3)

Push and turn the pad spring support


@ assembly found at the bottom of the
right door unit 90 degrees.

5)

#Pinch the hooks of the two bushings @


using pliers, and detach the multifeeder
roller 0.

Figure 4-315
Figure 4-313
4)

Detach the pad unit 0.

Figure 4-314

,)_

4.

6)

1)
2)
3)

MECHANICALSYSTEM -

Hold the side of the feeder assembly @


and pull it out toward the front slowly as
if to lift it.

Release the feeder assembly.


Detach the main motor assembly; see
p.4-10.
Remove the E-ring 0, and detach the
bushing @_

Figure 4-318
2.
1)
2)

Feeder Belt
Detach the feeder assembly.
Remove the two screws 0, and detach
the rail cover @ found at the front.

Figure 4-316 (rear)


4)

5)

Detach the inside cover, and remove


the E-ring 0; then, detach the bushing
@I.
Detach

the grounding

wire (1 screw)

0.

Figure 4-319

Figure 4-317

Remove the two screws @I found at the


front that hold the corona assembly rail
@ in place.

6)

Detach the feeder belt Q.

Figure 4-323
Figure

4-320

Remove
the three screws 0, and
detach the terminal holder @ found at
the rear.

Flgure

4-321

Remove the two screws Q) found at the


rear, and detach the corona assembly
rail @.

-0
Figure

4-322

/^

( IV.EXPOSURE SYSTEM

,--7

A.

ixposure

1.

Detaching the Scanning Lamp


Disconnect the power plug.
Detach the copyboard glass.
Remove the two screws 0, and detach
the anti-glare plate 0.

:;
3)

Assembly

2.
1)
2)

Detaching the Thermal Fuse


Detach
the control
panel and the
copyboard glass.
Hold the rear of the No. 1 mirror mount
0, and move it to the right until it is
positioned as shown in Figure 4-402.

Figure 4-400
4)

,--.i

Push the lamp terminal plate (rear) @


into the direction
of the arrow, and
detach the scanning lamp 0.

3)

Remove the two screws 0, and detach


the thermal fuse 0.

Figure 4-401

Figure 4-402

4. MECHANICALSYSTEM

B. Blank Assembly
1. Detaching the Pre-Exposure
:;
3)

2.
1)

2)

3)
PCB

Detach the rear cover.


Disconnect the connector (J731) from
the preexposure
PCB.
Hold the preexposure
PCB using
pliers, and pull it straight out taking
care not to damage the PCB.

Hold the blank assembly on its bottom,


and remove the four screws 0; then,
pull out the pre-exposure
unit to the
front.

Detaching the Blank Assembly


Detach
the copyboard
glass, lens
cover, rear cover, and drum unit; then,
detach the developing assembly.
Disconnect
the connector
(J731) @
from the pre-exposure
PCB and the
connector
(J30) @ from the blank
solenoid.

Figure

Figure 4-403

4-404

,I-

4. MECHANICAL

SYSTEM

CORONA SYS,TEM
As a rule, do not switch the copier ON
with the drum unit detached.

Drum Unit
Detaching the Drum Unit
Open the front door.
Release
the feeder assembly,
remove the screw 0.

and

Cleaning
If the photosensitive
drum is soiled,
clean it using a flannel cloth coated with
toner;
do not use paper,
lint-free
or
otherwise.

2.

Note:

not

,:,,x,

(I

,/

,,,

L&Isblvleni ordt$

:;I

;,

@Apethe drums,
nevkr use,&u,& &%xrting pbder.
:
Do

Figure
3)
4)

4-500

Turn the developing assembly release


lever @ counterclockwise.
Pull out the drum unit @ to the front
carefully.

,IITh;e6hoiosen$itive.dru~

is susceptible

to

\ I~ght.,,&xplosurktceveri room light:dan lead


j, to $&ite,spots
'bta&lines on the cop/es.
11131
1,o _3, A

or

B. Primaryflransfer
Assembly

Corona

1.

Outline
The photosensitive drum is surrounded
by the primary
and transfer
corona
assemblies.
The primary
corona
assembly
is
equipped with a grid plate.
2.
a.
1)

b:
1)
2)

Transfer Corona Assembly


Gut Wire
and Static Eliminator
Detach the transfer corona assembly
from the copier.
Remove the two screws 0, and detach
the static eliminator, taking care so that
the gut wire will not come off.

~_

Disassembly/Assembly
Primary Corona Assembly
Detach the drum unit.

Figure 4-502

__
,7
3)

2)

Detach the static eliminator 0.

Disengage the hook 0, and pull out the


primary corona assemblv @ from the
drum unit.

Figure 4-503

,/-

Figure 4-501

c.
I

_ -\

n
.,

1)

Attaching the Primarymransfer


Corona
Assembly Wire
Primary Corona Assembly
Remove the four tension springs 0,
and detach the grid plate 0.

4)
5)

Cut the twisted end of the corona wire


to about 1 mm or less using a nipper.
Hook the loop of the corona wire as
shown in Figure 4-505, and lead the
wire along the V-groove of the height
adjusting roll.
Hook the corona wire tension spring on
the corona wire, and twist the spring
three to four times as shown.

Primary corona assembly

,,-.

Figure

n
2)
3)

4-504

Transfer corona assembly

Transfer Corona Assembly


Detach the gut wire from the transfer
corona assembly; see p. 4-20.
Free about 40 mm from the corona wire
reel (0.06 mm dia.), and form a loop at
its end about 2 mm in diameter.
Figure 4-505
6)
7)

,-\

Cut the excess corona wire to about 1


mm or less using a nipper.
Pick the end of the corona wire tension
spring using tweezers, and hook it on
the corona terminal.

4. MECHANICALSYSTEM

VLDEVELOPMENT SYSTEM
A. Developing Assembly
1.

Construction

3.
1)
2)

Figure

Detaching the Blade, Developing


Cylinder, and Side Seal
Detach the developing assembly from
the copier.
Remove the two screws 0, and detach
the developing assembly upper cover
0.

4-600
Figure

2.
1)
2)

3)

Detaching the Developing


Assembly
Turn the developing assembly release
lever 0 counterclockwise.
Slide out the developing
assembly @
carefully.
Hold the grip on the developing
assembly, and take the assembly out of
the copier.

3)

4)

4-602

Place a newspaper
on the floor, and
pour out the toner from the developing
assembly.
Remove the two screws 0, and detach
the blade mount together
with the
blade.

Figure 4-603

Figure

4.22

4-601

c#YR!GiT@ ,993CM424 NC.

4. MECHANICALSYSTEM -

, -7,

5)
~

Disengage the hook @ onthe


and detach the grip 0.

bottom,

7)

Remove
the two E-rings
remove the two gears 0.

0,

and

Figure 4-604

,/--\ ~
6)

the three screws 0, and


Remove
detach the developing cylinder holder
@J,(~t),
ball bearing, and developing

Figure
8)

4-606

Remove the two screws 0, and detach


the developing cylinder holder @ (rear),
ball bearing 0, and developing roll @I.

,,.-\
\

Figure 4-605

Figure 4-607
9)

Detach the developing


side seal.

cylinder

and

4.

1)
2)

Attaching
Blade

the Side Seal and the

3)

Clean the surface on which the side


seal will be attached using alcohol.
Attach the side seal at the position
shown in Figure 4-606.

Attach
all parts
detached except the
Make sure that the
with the longer tooth

that have
been
blade.
gear is assembled
in the groove.

,.,.,

Attach Ihe seal so that the long hole


al its end is matched with the round
hole of the developing
assembly
housing.

Figure 4-610
4)

Force the blade mount against the


developing assembly in the direction of
the arrow, and tighten the two screws.

Figure 4-606

Figure 4-611
5)

Figure 4-609

Loosen the four screws that hold the


blade on the blade mount, and tighten
them again.

,,_

4. MECHANICAL

SYSTEM

VILFIXING SYSTEM
A. Fixing Assembly

2)

Construction

1.

Oil appliialion

/v

Remove
the three screws 0.
detach the VR cover @ andyhe
cover 0.

roller

Lower roller

P.&l,

Figure 4-702

guide

3)

Disconnect

the three connectors

Figure 4-700
2.
1)

,/-

Detaching the Fixing Aisembly


Remove the screw 0, and detach the
fixing assembly knob 0.

\,

Figure 4-703

Figure 4-701

and
left

4)

Remove the two screws 0,


out the fixing assembly.

and slide

3.
1)
2)

Detaching the Upper Fixing Roller,


Heater, and Lower Fixing Roller
Detach the fixing assembly
from the
copier.
Hold the grip of the oil application roller
0, and pull to the front while lifting to
remove the roller.

Figure 4-704

Figure 4-705
3)

Pull out faston A 0, and remove the


two screws 0; the heater mount plate
@ (front)
can be detached
in this
condition

Figure

4-706

4.

4)

Pull faston B @ (see Figure 4-706),


and remove the mounting
screw @
from the heater mount plate found at
the rear; then, pull out the heater mount
plate (rear)
0 and the heater
@
carefully.

6)

MECHANICAL

Remove the screw 0,


thermistor 0.

SYSTEM

and detach the

Figure 4-709
7)
Figure 4-707
5)

Detach the hook assembly


0, and
slide the thermoswitch mount @ to the
rear to detach.

While pulling the hook assembly @ to


the front, detach the thermistor cover
@ by sliding it to the right.

r)

Figure 4-700
Figure 4-710

8)

Remove the C-ring @ at the rear, and


detach the gear @.

10) Push the pressure


spring @ of the
lower fixing roller down (disengage),
and remove the insulating bush @ and
bushing @I.

/-

/ -
Figure 4-711 (rear)
9)

Remove the C-ring 0,


gear @I.

and detach the

Figure

4-713

11) Detach the upper fixing roller @.


12) Detach the lower fixing roller @.

Figure

4-712 (front)

r
Figure

4-714

4. MECHANICAL SYSTEM B

4.

Attaching
the Heater and Upper
Fixing Roller
Attach the heater and the upper fixing
roller as in detaching them but in reverse
order while noting the following:
a.
Heater
i. Do not touch the surface of the heater.
ii. Make sure that the end bearing the
manufacturers name is to the front.
Upper Fixing Roller
b.
i. Wrap the roller with copy paper to
prevent soiling or scarnng the surface
of the roller.
ii. Make sure that the end with the longer
cut-off is to ward the rear.

5.

Adjusting
the Nip Width (tightening
the pressure adjusting
nut)
If the nip width is not as shown
Figure 4-715, turn the bolt to adjust it.

in

L-4
a

Figure 4-715

Dimension

Measure after the upper and


lower roller have become heated.

14.5i0.5mm

Table 4-700
a.

Measuring the Nip Width


If the roller is not heated, wait for 15
minutes
after the WAIT indicator
has
changed to green; then, make 20 copies
before taking measurements.
b.
1)
2)

Taking Measurements
Lift the copyboard cover, and make an
A3 copy of a solid black document.
Switch the copier OFF as soon as the
leading edge of the copy comes out of
the copier, and open the front door and
the delivery assembly.

3)

4)

Turn the fixing assembly knob counterclockwise


slightly, and hold it for 15
minutes; then, turn the fixing assembly
knob to remove the copy.
Measure the width of the area where
toner is shiny; see Figure 4-715.

7.

Attaching the Thermoswitch


Check that the sensor face of the
thermal switch is evenly in contact with the
surface of the upper fixing roller.
Make sure that the hook of the thermal
switch holder is securely engaged with the
fixing assembly upper plate.

6.

Attaching
the Thermistor
Make sure that the sensor face of the
thermistor
is in even contact
with the
surface of the upper fixing roller.

Thermal

switchholder
/

Fixing assembly
upper plate
I

The p&it&o)
the thermistor need not be :
adjusted; if the contact is not even, inake
sure that th+ thermistor spring is:noi 3, i
3
,,
deformed.
,,3

I(

Figure 4-717

Note:

i The position of the thermoswitch need not


be adjusted; if the contact is not e:ven,
make sure thatthe thermostiitch soring is
not deformed:
:$
: 1

Figure 4-716
rmoswitch mount

Thermoswitch

Figure 4-716

/-_

8.

Position of Paper
The position
of
adjusted by the paper
reason, the position of
not be adjusted.

- .,

Guide
the paper guide is
guide mount. For this
the paper guide need

: ,,> ;, ,
I I
(If the paper guide mount has been
:
,detached, the position of the pap&guide

: vote:

must; be adiusted. To avoid this, do not


,,Jqqsenthe screws on the paper-guide;if
I ,neci+safy, mark the position on the,fixihg
$&emt$ymount

I,

using a scriber.~

1)
2)

3)

Detaching the Upper Separation


Claw
Open the delivery assembly.
Mark
the position
of the upper
separation
claw retainer
using
a
scriber.
Remove the three mounting screws 0,
and remove the upper separation claw
retainer 0; be careful with the delivery
detection lever @ at the time.

3 ,j

lo adjust the position of the paper guide,


place ths fixing assembly on a desk;&d
move the paper guide so that the position
el; :
is aq shown in Figure 4-719.

,,

9.

3I
Figure 4-720
4)

Figure

4-719

Remove the spring, and detach


upper separation claw.

the

10. Attaching the Upper Separation Claw


Attach the upper separation
claw as
detaching
it but in reverse order with the
following in mind.
a.
Make sure that the boss on the upper
separation claw is in contact with the
mount as shown in Figure 4-721.

11.
1)
2)

Figure 4-721
b.

Make sure that the upper separation


claw assembly is fully toward the rear.
If a scratch is noted on the upper fixing
roller, move the upper separation claw
assembly about 4 mm toward the front.

Detaching the Lower Separation


Claw
Open the delivery unit.
Slide the lower separation guide plate
@ to remove.

Figure 4-723
3)

Remove the spring, and remove


lower separation claw.

the

Mounting
the Oil Application
Solenoid
Screw the oil application
solenoid in
place where its lever is lightly in contact with
the support of the oil application roller.
12.

ct
-_I

J-4mn

Figure 4-722

Figure 4-724

,r.

5. INSTALLATION-

I. LOCATION
The location of the copier should be
chosen based on the following
considerations. If possible, make a visit to the user
for a study of a site before delivery of .the
copier.
a.

b.

c.

The ambient temperature


should be
between
15 and 35C
and the
humidity, 10% to 30%. Avoid locations
near water faucets, humidifiers, water
boilersand
refrigerators.
Avoid
locations
near open fire or
subject to dust or ammonia fumes and
direct rays of the sun. Provide curtains
over the windows if necessary.
Choose a well-ventilated place.

,,,o~e:,
The level of
copier, is not
those around
prove to ,be
,,vidual,s.
d.
e.

5-l

1 : I

ozonegenerated.
b&the
likely harm, the ,health of
it. The odor, hbwever, may
unpleasant
to sotie
i@-

i,

Figure

,, ,

Make sure all feet of the copier will be


in contact with the floor.
Allow at least 10 cm from any wall to
provide access.

2.5 m min.----

Figure 5-2 (with sorter)

5. INSTALLATION

II. UNPACKING AND INSTALLING THE COPIER


When a piece of metal is moved from a cold place to a warm place, droplets of water form
on its surface. This phenomenon
is known as condensation
and affects the performance
of
machines, The simplest way to eliminate condensation
in the copier, any machines for that
matter, is to leave it alone until it warms to room temperature (at least one hour)

/_
L

A. Unpacking
Step

Work

Open the coardboard packing case of


the copier and take out the box of
accessories.

Cut open the widest side of the packing


case, avoiding the corner, containing the
metal staplara.

Open up the side of the packing case


completely, and slide out the copier onto
this side. Remove the two polystyrene
shells from the copier.

Remarks

,._I

5. INSTALLATION -

- -.

,-\
Keep the knob for use later.

,-..\

Step

Remarks

Work
Open the delivery cover, and remove
the two fixing roller release rolls; then,
close the delivery cover.

E3. Mounting the Drum


The photosensitive drum is susceptible to light; if exposed to room light, it can cause white
spots or black lines on the copy images, As such, be quick in performing the following work.
Step

Work

Take out the drum unit from the box,


and remove the light-blocking sheet.

Remarks
Drum unit

Take care not to damage the drum.


2

Set the drum unit in the copier, and fix


it in place using the knob that held the
dummy drum.

Slide the drum unit straight along the


rails into the copier.

Move the grip to clean the corona wire


of the drum unit two to three times.
Set the developing assembly
copier, and engage it.

in the

The front cover may be left open.

5. INSTAUATION

C. Checking the Operation


Step

Remarks

Work

Turn the door switch ON using the


door switch actuator.

Connect the power plug, and shift the


POWER switch to ON.

Check that the ADD PAPER and


CASSETTE OUT indicators go ON and
the WAIT indicator lights red.

Set the cassette size to suit the needs


of the user.

See p. 5-9.

Put copy paper in the cassette, and


set the cassette in the copier.

* Check that the ADD PAPER indicator


goes OFF.

- Press the keys, except the COPY


START key, on the control panel, and
check that each operation is correct.
5

Set the copy tray on the copier.

Open the copyboard cover, and


remove the paper and the protection
seal from the document size plate.

Record the reading of the copy counter.

Make a copy after the COPY START


key has gone green.
Wait for ten seconds or more after the
drum has stopped, and make another

copy.

Check the following:


* No abnormal sound is heard; and
* The ADD TONER indicator flashes
about five to ten seconds after the
second copy operation is over.

Check that the counter operates


properly.

Check that the reading has increased by


two from the reading recorded in step 7.

5. INSTALLATION-

~ D. Adding Toner
Step

Work

Remarks

Remove the door switch actuator.

Disengage the developing


and slide it until it stops.

Shake the toner cartridge well.

Open the developing assembly lid, and


fit the boss on the rear end of the toner
cartridge into the hole of the plate on
the rear end of the developing
assembly; thereafter, pull the toner
cartridge to the front somewhat so that
it comes into contact with the boss
found on the left side of the front.

Hold the toner cartridge, and pull on


the seal to the front until it stops.

Tap lightlb on the top of the toner


cartridge until all toner hasfallen into
the developing assembly.

Remove the toner cartridge, and keep


it in an empty box.

Close the developing assembly lid, and


slide the assembly inside until it stops.

Turn the developing assembly


clockwise to engage it.

10

Close the front cover.

11

Set a blank sheet of paper (A3/1 lxl7)


on the copyboard after the COPY
START key goes green, and make six
to ten copies.

assembly,

lever

The operation
the developing

causes the toner insid


assembly to be stirred.

15.

INSTALLAnON

E. Checking the Image


Step

./Remarks

Work

Place the Test Sheet on the copyboard


glass, and check the image.

Check that copies are made without a


problem and the non-image width along
the leading edge is correct; otherwise,
make adjustments. Non-image width:
2.0 mm (approx.) for leading edge
2.5 mm (approx.) on left/right side

Feed paper from the multifeeder.

fvlake two-sided and overlay copies, and


check that the operation is correct;
otherwise, make adjustments.

Put the OPERATORS


document holder.

MANUAL

in the
,

Clean up the area around the copier,


and fill out the Service Sheet.

When all above work is finished, install the options and the document
n

Points to Note for Photosensitive


After Installation

Drum

The photosensitive drum is susceptible


to light and, if exposed to light, can cause
white spots or black lines on the copy
image; take note of the following:

- Limit the replacement


l

of the CT unit
within one minute;
Limit the removal of jams within five
minutes: and
Keep the drum wrapped in the lightblocking sheet (from drum unit) or fresh
copy paper and place it in a dark place
whenever it is removed from the copier.

holder.

Do not touch the drum; if its surface is


soiled, wipe off the dirt using a flannel cloth
coated with toner. Do not use paper, fintfree or otherwise,
or use a dry cloth or
solvent.

5. INSTALLATION

III.SETTING THE
CASSETTE SIZE
COPY paper

The copiers cassette may be modified


to suit the desired paper size by modifying
the rear stop plate, spring, and face plate.
1.
1)

Modifying

the Cassette

Size

Turn over the cassette, and remove the


screw that holds the rear stop plate in
place.

297mmx420mm
(11.7k16.5)

A3

11x17

279.4mmx431.6mm
(ilX17)

11

A4

21Ommx297mm
(6.3wl.7)

A4

Letter

216mmxx279mm
(6.5%11.0)

LTR

203mmx267mm
(BXlO.5)

G.

Korean

190mmx265mm
(7.5wO.4)

K.

I34

257mmx364mm
(lO.lX14.3)

S4

220mmx340mm
(6.7x13.4)

Arg.LGL

Government

Letter

SCW!W

Bottom

Figure
2)

01 cassette

5-3

Argentine

Change therear stop plate to suit the


desired paper size; note the index on
the bottom, and see Table 5-l.

Legal

~1
Government

l$&

Size

A3

Letter-R

267mmx203mm

For the foilowing, use two rear stop$lates; s


note.the
index on the bottom
of the
cassette! &A&R,
LGL, ARG-R, ,:lt~17~ ;
:LTR-R.,FLS, .G.R, FOLIO, G.LGL,I AUS )
FL$SLV.,, ARG,LGL,E., OFC
I o
3

t, S

()I)

Table 5-l

x17

Slide the paper size plate along the


index on the bottom of the cassette to
suit the desired paper.
Pap& size plate

Figure S-4
3)

Fix the
screws.

stop

plate

in place

using

Figure 5-6

Note:

.:.

Place about 100 sheets of paper (fresh


out of package, of the desired size) in
the cassette, and butt them against the
front of the cassette.
Keep the side top plate between the
stack of sheets
and size plate as
shown, and screw the size plate using
a screw; make sure that the size plate
is butted.

See Replacingthe Cassette Spring when


i
using a different type of spring. ;
,
I.
.
4)

Remove the side stop plate each from


the two cassettes.

Side stop plate


plate

Shi
this direction to remove
the side stop plate

Figure 5-5
Figure 5-7
5)

Remove the screw that holds the paper


size plate in place.

9)

Fix the side stop plate


location.

in its original

5.

INSTALLATION-

10) Set the cassette size tab

Tab

A4-R
A3

u3
A5-R

u2
LTR

Cl

0
0

STMT-R
LGL
LTR-R
11 xl7

0 * * * * tab present
U 1: Korean-R
U2: Others
U3: Korean, Argentine Letter,
Government Letter.
Figure

5-8

11)

Detach and attach the plate; see Table


5-2.

2.

Replacing

the Cassette Spring

*The copier can be reset for a different size


of copies by changing the cassette spring
as shown in Table 5-3.
Size of paper

Color of spring

A4/A3/04
11 xl 7/LTR/I

blue

A4R/BSR/LTR-R
LGL/B5/lI

I A5WSTMT

yellow

white

Table 5-3
I:

Officio

ab

Ecuadorean Officio
Bolivian Officio

ab
ab
ab
a
a

Legal
Korean-R
B5R

ARGENTINE LTR
GOVERNMENT
LTR
KOREAN
II: ARGENTINE LGL
GOVERNMENT
LGL
ARGENTINE LTR-R
GOVERNMENT
LTR-R
FOOLSCAP FOLIO
AUSTRALIAN FOOLSCAP
KOREAN-R
ECUADORIAN OFICIO
BOLIVIAN OFICIO
1)

Table 5-2

Claw Face
Face
\ pl;te d P$te c

dllY

iI

Face

Face

plate b ylate a

II

Remove the rubber


inside plate.

stopper

_-

Inside plate
/

I
Figure 5-10

Figure 5-9
12) Attach the size label on the cassette; if
the label is not available, write the size
on a blank strip of paper.

from the

2)
_-

Remove the inside plate and spring.

3.

Removing

the Pick-up

If
the
cassette
is
sized,
to
GOVERNMENT
LTR,
KOREAN,
or
KOREAN-R, remove the pick-up rollers as
shown below (metric rollers).

* GOVERNMENT

Figure
3)
4)
,,->;

LTR and KOREAN

5-l 1

Change the spring as shown in Table


s-3.
Set the inside plate, and attach the
rubber stopper.
Inside

plate

Figure 5-14

* KOREAN-R

Figure 5-l 2
/-.

Roller

Check that the rubber stoppers


are
correctly attached;
further, check that the
sprin
at the rear is correctly
set on the
fixing %ehind the inside plate.
Springfixing
Inside

Dlate

Figure

5-l 3

Figure

5-l 5

IV.SETTING THE CT UNIT

3)

1) Hold both ends so that the yellow seal


(round) is to the front, and roll it in the
direction of the arrows about ten times
as shown below.

Put the CT unit back into the storage


case, and roll it about ten times in the
direction of the arrows.

Figure 5-l 8
4)

Shake it in the direction


about ten times.

of the arrows

_.

Figure 5-l 6
2)

Take the CT unit from the storage


case, and set it in the copier; thereafter,
hold the CT unit in place, and pull the
yellow tab straight out.

Figure 5-l 9
5)

6)

Set the CT unit in the copier once


again, and make test copies in the
DIRECT mode; repeat step 4) if the
image is uneven.
Set the CT unit in the copier, and pull
the orange tab straight out; thereafter,
close the front door.

l_)rIl
Tab (yellow)

Figure 5-l 7

Tab (orange)

Figure 5-20

-_

V. RELOCATING THE COPIER


Perform the following when relocating the copier by truck or other means of transportation.
Step

Check

Work

Put the drum unit in a


box for transport.

Remove the drum unit.

Fix the scanner and lens in place.

Tape the corona assemblies and


feeder assembly release lever in
place against vibration.

Tape the front door and, delivery


assembly.

Place a sheet of A3 or 1 lx17 paper


on the copyboard glass, and tape
the copyboard cover.
Table 5-4

Remarks

VI.SElTING CONTROL
CARD V

4)

Open the front door, and remove the


inside cover.
Remove the control panel; see p.4-2.
Turn over the control panel, remove the
screw 0 that holds the face lid in
place.
Remove the face plate 0.

Figure 5-23

Figure 5-21
5)
6)

Make sure that the connector for the


printer @ is found at the center of the hole.

Remove the protection sheet from the


indicator unit of Control Card V.
Place the clear-sheet over the hole @
of the indicator unit.

Figure 5-22
7)

Fix Control Card V on the control panel


using four mounting screws @I.
Slide a card into Control Card V, and fix
Control Card V where the card can be
slid in and out easily.

Figure 5-24

,
,.-.\

8)

Attach the grounding wire @for Control


Card V.

11)
12)

Mount the control panel on the copier.


Remove the protection sheet from the
control panel guide plate of Control
Card V.
13) Attach the control panel guide plate @
of Control Card V on the control panel
of the copier.

Figure 5-25
Figure 5-27

9) Disconnect the shorting connector 0 of


the control panel shown in Figure 5-26.
10) Connect the 4P connector @ of Control
Card V and the 4P connector
of the
control panel on the copier side.

Figure

5-26

14) Turn the copier ON, and check


operation of Control Card V.
15) Attach the inside right cover.

the

-5.

INSTALLAnON

VII. AlTACHlNG THE DOCUMENT


HOLDER
You
document
cover.
1)

may
choose
holder on,the

to attach
the
side of the left

Fit the mounting screws in the holes


shown,
and attach
the document
holder; see Figure 5-30.

Figure 5-30

5-18

WPYRlOHT@
1883CAWN
NC.

_/-

6. MAINTENANCEAND SERVICING

II. DURABLE PARTS

The values shown in the table below indicate the expected average life (number of copies)
of parts which may require replacement
at least once during the warranty
period due to
deterioration or damage but which can be simply replaced to restore the performance of the
copier.

As of May 1993

No.

Description

Part No.

Oil-applying
assembly)

roller (fixing

Paper pick-up roller (pickup assembly)

FAO-0241~OOP

Multi-feeder

FCl-0741-OOP

roller

FA6-5369-000

Quantity

Service life
(numberof copies)

60,000

12

90,000

90,000

Pad (multi feeder)

FCl-0736-OOP

90,000

Scanner drive cable

FA5-2073-000

120,000

Scanning

FH7-3114-000

120,000

Preexposure

FG2-4048-OOP

180,000

Upper fixing roller (fixing


assembly)

FA6-5361-000

180,000

Upper separation
(fixing assembly)

claw

FBI-0301-000

180,000

10

Lower separation
(fixing assembly)

claw

FA2-9037-000

180,000

FAO-0330-OOP

300,000

lamp (scanner)
lamp

Lower fixing roller (fixing

Remarks

Must be
replaced at the
same time.

Note:
The above values are estimates and are
subject to,change based on future data.
,,,

6. MAINTENANCE

AND SERVICING

,,,--\i III. BASIC PROCEDURE FOR PERIODIC SERVICING


II 1
~ j&te:
i. P&-form periodic servicing after every 15,000 copies, as a general rule.
ii. Before making a service call, check the service log and take alopg any replacement parts
that ati likely to be needed.

Standard: 2.0+1.5mm
Standard: 10.0+2.0mm
(DIRECT), front side

n claws (upper and

appropriate to the number of

B
IV.

6. MAINTENANCEAND SEWlUNG

PERIODIC SERVICING SCHEDULE

>/
i

Bc not,m? sdmts
A:

Clean

or@#ts
.Mw

0: Replace

thm thoiae$
_

X: Lubricate

Cl: Adjust

: Check

i
,

mirrors 5 and 6

-..

Items to be cleaned every 15,000 copies or over 6 months, whichever

comes first.

APPENDIX -

B. LIST OF SIGNALS/COMMANDS
1. Signals
ACBijN
ACOFF
;:GIN
BLSD
BTEP
CBCCl
CBCC2
CCNTD
CSTBY
CSZO
CSZl
CSZ2
csz3
csz4
CTD
DCBC
DSLD
DSZ
FMlD
FM2D
GRDON
HTRD
HVTON
LAON
LCPD
LGHT
LHP
LIC
LNSC
MFCD
MFPD
MFSD
MMD
OILSL
PDPl
PDP2
PEXP
PUSLl
PUSL2
RGCD
RDC
SCCLK
SCHP
SCMD
TCNTD
TEP
THl
UCPD
ZXDP

AC BIAS ON command
AC SHUT-OFF command
AE SENSOR OUTPUT signal (analog)
AE SENSOR GAIN sianal
BLANK SOLENOID DhlVE command
BLACK TONER EMPTY signal
,COPYBOARD COVER CLOSED signal 1
COPYBOARD COVER CLOSED signal 2
CONTROL COUNTER DRIVE command
CONTROL CARD STANDBY signal
CASSETTE SIZE signal 0
CASSETTE SIZE signal 1
CASSETTE SIZE si&al 2
CASSElTE
SIZE sianal 3
CASSETTE SIZE s&al 4
CT-UNIT DETECTION signal
DC BIAS CONTROL command
DOCUMENT SIZE LED DRIVE command
DOCUMENT SIZE DETECTION signal
FAN MOTOR 1 DRIVE command
FAN MOTOR 2 DRIVE command
GRID ON signal
HEATER DRIVE command
HVTON command
IAMP ON command
LOWER CASSETTE PAPER DETECTION signal
LIGHT signal
LENS HOME POSITION signal
LIGHT INTENSITY CONTROL command
LENS SOLENOID DRIVE command
MULTIFEEDER CLUTCH DRIVE command
MULTIFEEDER
PAPER DETECTION signal
MULTIFEEDER SOLENOID DRIVE command
MAIN MOTOR DRIVE command
OIL APPLICATION SOLENOID DRIVE command
PAPER DETECTION signal 1 (Q2)
PAPER DETECTION signal 2 (05)
PRE-EXPOSURE
IAMP LINT command
PICK-UP ROLLER CLUTCH SOLENOID DRIVE command 1
PICK-UP ROLLER CLUTCH SOLENOID DRIVE command 2
REGISTRATION ROLLER CLUTCH SOLENOID DRIVE command
RIGHT DOOR CLOSE signal
SCANNER SPEED CONTROL command
SCANNER HOME POSITION signal
SCANNER MOTOR DRIVE command
TOTAL COUNTER DRIVE command
TONER EMPTY signal
FIXING ROLLER SURFACE TEMPERATURE
signal (analog)
UPPER CASSETTE PAPER DETECTION signal
ZERO CROSS DETECTION signal

A-3

APPENDIX

2. Abbreviations
AER
INTR
LSTR
SCFW
SCRV
STBY
WMUP
WMUPR

AE ROTATION
INITIAL ROTATION
LAST ROTATION
SCANNER FORWARD
SCANNERREVERSE
STANDBY
WARM UP
WARM UP ROTATION

C. GENERAL CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

A-5

12

11

10

F.

AC DRIVER I DC POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

I1

DIAGRAM

A-

15

,_.

G. PRE-EXPOSURE
LAMP
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

APPENDIX

I-

H. LIST OF SPECIAL TOOLS


Special tools which are required
set) are listed below.

40.

Tool name
Door switch
actuator

for servicing

Tool No.

this copier (in addition

Shape

Code

TKN-0093

to the standard

tools

Application/remarks

t
Q
/-,

Spring scale
(compression)

CK-0054

* Measuring

strength
of
cassette springs
*Adjusting scanner drive
cable tension

For removing grip rings:


4to9mm

,A
/

Extension
blades for
pliers

CK-0426

A:
B:
C:

,,

: ii ,,

,;(,I:.

Note:, Code

Each service person: y,l~ld


car&&
,
^, X 3 ii,,
one.
A group of five :&vice
&r&zfi,s,
1,
should share pne: a
::, I(
Each *kshop
shaul$kep
or&
T:

, ,X3%

(5

.s

./-\,, I. LIST Oi= SOLVENTS AND MATERIALS


Jo. Material name

1. Ethyl alcohol
(Ethanol)
Isopropyl
alcohol
(Isopropanol)

Use

Chemical formula,
mixture ratio, etc.

Cleaning:
copyboard
glass, mirror,
etc.

Cz Hs OH

CH3 *CO-C ZH 5
Methylethyl ketone

2.

MEK

Removing
toner or oil
stains

3.

Heat-resistant
grease

Lubricating
the drive
mechanisms;

Source

Locally

Flammable.
Use in a wellventilated area.
Avoid breathing
concentrated vapor.

Locally

Flammable.
Use in a wellventilated area and
avoid breathing
concentrated vapor.
Avoid contact with
eyes or skin.
Do not use for
cleaning the drum,
plastic molded
parts, or corona
wires.

CANON

Tool No.: CK-0427


(500g can)
(Equivalent grease
can be used, but
should be able to
withstand 200C for
extended periods of
time.)

(CHZ3) 2 CHOH

e.g.,
copyboard
driving gear,
fixing drive
gear, fixing
assy, etc.

-\

Remarks

4.

Lubricating oil
(low viscosity)

Lubrication
points:
Scanner rail,
etc.

IS0 VG 68 oil
ESSO Febis K68
MOBIL Vactraoil No. 2
SHELL Tonna oil T68

Locally

Equivalent oil can


be used.
Tool No.: CK-0451
(1 OOCC)

5.

Lubricating oil
(low viscosity)

Lubrication
point: oneway clutch in
pick-up
control
assembly

IS0 VG 220 oil


ESSO Febis K220
MOBIL Vactraoil No. 4

Locally

Equivalent oil can


be used.
Tool No.: CK-0524

(1OOCC)

PbPER DECK
PEDESTAL-J1
SI$VICE
MANUAL

1. GENERAL

,(-\,I

Specifications

Item
Pick-up

Clawless

Paper storage

Front loading

COPY paper type


Copy paper size
Capacity

,-j

SPECIFICATION

DESCRIPTION

Plain paper (64 to 80 g/m*)

1 A4, LTR
I

115 mm (stacked; approx. 1,000

,__

_.

sheets 0180 g/ma)

Size switching

Plate and Size switch

Power supply

220/240 VAC; from copier

Dimensions

610 (W) x 577 (D) x 429 (H) mm; 24.0 (W) x 22.7 (D) x 16.9 (H) in

Weight

28 kg/61.7 lb

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

II. CROSS-SECTIONAL

VIEW

Figure
@
@
@

Lifter position sensor


Feeder roller
Deck pre-registration paper sensor

l-201
0

Deck registration roller


Separation roller
Pick-up roller
Lifter

2. OPERATIONS

,_

AND TIMING

I. BASIC CONSTRUCTION
I

A. Outline of Electrical Circuitry


The paper deck pedestal is controlled
by signals from its host copier and from its
own controller.
The copier
sends signals
as programmed in advance to the controller inside
the pedestal.

In response
to the signals from the
copier and from its own microswitches and
sensors, the pedestals ccntroller generates
signals to drive its motor and clutches.
Figure
2-201
is a block diagram
showing
the relationship
among
the
pedestals major circuits.
The pedestal is supplied with 24 V, 5 V,
and 220/240 VAC by the host copier.

Lifer poskiin
=SZX

Upper limit
Mitch

Door operJ
closed switch

Papr

deck controll.sr PCB

Figure

2-201

2.

OPERAllONS AND TIMING

B. Inputs to and Outputs from Paper Deck Controller

(l/2)

<HOdcopir>
Pspr

ded~ contdlr

PCB

DC contoter

PCB

DK EX Orlll~tbn

-1

-2
Upper Ymit SWIM

54
-1

sbnal

7fr

24
L

-2
mo.cL1

goesoN.

f-Y

hllm

0. CL2 grx* ON.

When 0. SLl gem ON.

r
; _,

Figure 2-202

WI,, 0. CL3 gca

ON.

2. OPERATIONS

B. Inputs to and Outputs from Paper Deck Controller

paper deck mnboller PCB

(212)

I-

Jl

J
_

01
Ml

De&motor

_-

-1

AND TIMING

DC mntroller

DMD

PCS

When 0. Ml goes ON.

1
Figure 2-203

When right door Is


cloaad and deck Is set,
1.

2. OPERATlONS AND TIMNG

C.

Outline

The paper deck motor is controlled by


the signals from the copier as well as from
sensors and switches by way of the paper
deckcontroller PCB.
The lifter lowwers on its own weight
when the paper deck is pulled out, releasing
the gears.

The paper deck motor (Ml) serves to


raise the lifter and drive the pick-up,
separation, and registration rollers.

DC controller

I?

PCB

8
Fwer

-f-

deck cmtro,,er,PCB

,J-Y

r----------

_I
-I

/-

2. OPERATIONS

D. Pick-up and Feed Operations


The paper deck picks up and feeds the
paper in response to the signals from the
copier.
The paper deck motor (Ml) i6 driven
response to the deck motor drive (DMD)
signal
from the copier;
drive
is then

AND TIMING

transmitted to the pick-up and registration


rollers bv wav of clutches.
The cluiches in turn are under control
of the signals from the copier.
When paper is picked up, the pick up
roller is raised by the pick up roller release
solenoid (SLl).

_Copier

Pqmr deck

Figure

2-205

Vertical feed roller 1

Vertical feed roller 2

(1)

2. OPERATIONS

Sequence

AND TIMNG

of Pick-up and Feed Operations


,.-.-,

COPY START

INTR

Pickup duti

.r rti

key ON

SCFW

SCR

SCFW

SCR

LSTR

(CL2)

(Q22)

* r&mtk.n
Id, (CL3)

rdler

Figure 2-206

-\_

2. OPERATIONS

,\

/
I

1.

E. Releasing the Pick-up and


Separation Rollers
The paper deck is of a front loading
type; as such, the deck is pulled out for a
supply of paper.
When the deck is pulled out, the pickup and separation rollers are released; this
design facilitates positioning of the deck and
clearing of jams

Releasing

AND TIMING

the Pick-Up Roller

The pick-up roller is released as soon


as the grip of the deck is pulled.
When the latch on the grip comes off
the cam on the edge of the roller release
shaft, the arm on the roller release shaft
rises and the pick-up roller, in turn, is raised.
On the other hand, when the latch on
the grip pushes up the cam upon insertion
of the deck, the arm lowers and, in turn, the
pick-up roller is lowered.
The arm is also used to release the
pick-up roller during pick-up operation.

Pulled by pick-up roller r&SE


sdsnoid 6L5011 durino pickup
cqermtion

Figure 2-207

2. OPERATIONS

2.

Releasing

AND TMNG

the Separation,

Roller
/-

The separation roller is released when


the cam on the deck side plate comes off
the release lever roller.

Figure

2-208

(before release)

Figure

2-209

3. MECHANICAL

PICK-UP AND
FEEDER SYSTEMS

3)

SYSTEM

Detach the deck from the front.

* Slide it out to the front until it stops;


detach it as if to lift it.

Pick-Up Roller
Remove the four screws 0, and detach
the rear cover @ from the pedestal.

Figure 3-203
4)
Figure

2)

3-201

Remove the screw 0,


deck stopper plate 0.

Figure

Remove the E-ring 0, and detach the


pick-up roller (front) 0; thereafter, pull
out the pick-up roller (rear) 0 together
with its shaft.

and detach the

3-202

Figure

3-204

8 MECHANICALSYSTEM

B. Feed Roller

c. Separation Roller

1)

1)
2)
3)

2)

Detach the deck.


Remove the stop ring 0,
the feed roller 0.

and detach

(rear)

(front)
Figure

Figure 3-205
N&*:

Take c&e;
orientation.

7,.

,.,

the, feed i&r


(5
,,

,, . I

Figure 3-206

hasits.

(I,

3,. 1 :_:, ,

9;

a,,.,
/

_-

Slide out the deck.


Open the right door of the pedestal.
Remove the two stop rings 0, and
detach the separation roller.

3-207

3. MECHANICAL

D. Registration

1)
2)

Figure
3)

Roller

Detach the deck drive unit; see the


discussion on removing the deck drive
unit. See p. 3-4P.
Remove the E-ring @ at the rear and
the spring 0.

3-208

Remove the E-ring @ at the front, and


detach the gear a); thereafter, detach
the registration roller 0.

Figure

3-209

SYSTEM

3. MECHANICALSVSTEM

II. DRIVE SYSTEM


A.

1)
2)
3)

6)

Deck Drive Unit

Detach the strap 0, and remove


right door @ from the pedestal.

the

Detach the right cover and right door


from the copier.
Detach
the rear cover
from the
pedestal.
Remove the four connectors
(Jl, J2,
J3, J4) 0 and two fastons @ from the
paper deck PCB.

Figure 3-212
7)

Remove the four mounting screws 0,


and pull the deck drive unit (T$ to the
front to detach.

Figure 3-210
4)
5)

Detach the deck stopper plate, and pull


out the deck.
Remove the four screws 0, and detach
the right cover @ from the pedestal.

Figure 3-213

Figure 3-211

I-\

3. MECHANICAL

A.
1)

III. ADJUSTING THE


REGISTRATION
(FRONT, REAR)

SYSTEM

Making Adjustments
Slide out the deck.

The registration at the front and rear for


the pedestal should be as shown in Figure
3-214.
If the registration
is otherwise,
make
the following adjustments.

!
2.5f1.5mm

Figure

Figure 3-215

2) Loosen the four mounting

screws on
the front cover and the four mounting
screws on the grip plate.

3-214

w
Figure 3-216

3)

Slide the grip plate in parallel to the


body, and adjust the registration at the
front and rear.

3)
7)
6)

Non-image width at
rear decreases. while
non-image width at
front increases.

Non-image width
front decreases,
while non-image
width at rear in-

at

Make copies using the paper deck.


Repeat steps 3) to 6) if the registration
is outside the standards.
Fix the front cover so that the gap
between the front cover and pedestal
frame is about 0.5 mm.

0.5 mm
kwJr0x.1

Pedestal frame
tll-

Figure 3-218

Figure 3-217
4)
5)

3-6P

Tighten the four mounting screws


the grip plate after adjustment.
Set the deck.

CCWRlGHT@

,093CbMNNC

on

T-

3. MECHANICAL

IV. MODIFYING
SIZE

THE DECK

3)
4)
n

The paper deck can be modified to suit


the size of the paper to be used (A4 or LTR)
by relocating
the three partitions
and
resetting the DIP switch.

2)

Detach the three partitions.


Fit the partitions
into the holes
corresponding to the desired size.
Use a sheet of the desired size as
reference to facilitate the work.

LTR
I-M

Modifying the Deck Size


1)

SYSTEM

A4
LTR .

Detach
the rear cover
from the
pedestal.
Detach the stopper plate, and take out
the deck.

ILTR

Figure 3-219

Figure 3-221
5)

Reset the DIP


controller PCB.

switch

on the deck

Figure 3-222
6)
Figure 3-220

Set the deck, attach the stopper


and attach the rear cover.

plate,

4.

MAINTENANCEAND SERVICING -

PARTS TO BE REPLACED PERIODICALLY


There are no parts in the Paper Deck Pedestal which must be replaced periodically.

DURABLE PARTS
The table below shows the average

life (in terms of estimated

number of copies) of parts


wear,

~that may require replacement at least once within the warranty period due to deterioration,
or damage.

as of May 1993
Parts No.

Parts name

No.

CYty

Life

Pick-up roller

FF9-1003-000

100,000

Feed roller

FL9-0009-000

100,000

Retard roller

FL9-001 O-000

100,000

In-deck registration

FA5-8409-000

300,000

roller

Table 4-l

Ill. PERIODICAL SERVICING CHART


a: Clean
Name of
unit

0: Replace

X: Oil

Section

0: Adjust
Intervals

l : Inspect
Remarks

every 100,000 copies

Pick-up roller bushing

Table 4-2

Apply oil.

Remarks

APPENDIX

,,--._I. ARRANGEMENT AND FUNCTIONS. OF


ELECTRICAL PARTS

.I
/

A-1P

Photointerrupter

Q21
Q2?
Q23

Paper sensor
Pre-registration sensor
Lifter position sensor

Microswitch

MS1
MS2

Upper limit switch


Door open/closed switch

m-?PS

0M
CL

Function

Notation

Name

Symbol

Deck motor

Motor

Ml

Clutch

CL1
CL2
CL3

Lifter clutch
Pick-up clutch
Registration roller clutch

Solenoid

SLI

Pick-up roller release solenoid

Deck controller

PCB

Drives each load in the pedestal.

APPENDIX -

.,,-,,III. VARIABLE RESISTORS (VR), LED, AND CHECK


~ PINS BY PCB
Discussion will be limited to the VRs, LEDs, and check pins that can be used in the field.
Those not discussed are for adjustment at the factory only, and adjustments and checks
using them call for special tools and instruments as well as high accuracy. Do not touch them in

~the field.

1.
.I

Deck Controller

PCB

I/p
I

Jl

55

,/*71
I

A-3P