Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 15

PSA PEUGEOT CITRON

METHODES DESSAI MATIERES

D45 1333

MATERIALS INTERIOR TO PASSENGER COMPARTMENT


HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY
Page 1/15
NO USE RESTRICTION
This is a translation, the French original shall be used in all cases of litigation

Date of translation : 05/04/2004

FOREWORD
This document is equivalent to the RENAULT SAS and RENAULT VI Groups documents D45 1333.
It must not be modified without prior consultation with the Normalisation Department of these Groups.
It is in conformity with the agreement reached between these Groups and PSA PEUGEOT CITROEN in
October 2003.
It allows tests to be performed in conformity with USA regulation FMVSS No302 and norme
NF ISO 3795.

1. OBJECT AND FIELD OF APPLICATION


The object of this method is to determine the horizontal combustion speed and the type of combustion of
materials situated in the passenger compartment interior.
The test may be carried out on the surface material, on a composite that consists of this surface material
bonded to a subjacent material, as well as on the subjacent materials.

2. PRINCIPLE
Ignite the end of a test specimen held horizontally by U shaped jaws. Observe the type on combustion and
determine the speed of combustion between the two reference marks.

3. EQUIPMENT
3.1. COMBUSTION CHAMBER
The combustion chamber, preferably in stainless steel, of internal dimensions 381 mm x 356 mm x 203 mm
(see appendix 1).
The front face of this chamber comprises a fire-proof observation window which may cover the whole front
face and which may also be used as an access panel.
The lower face of the chamber is pierced with 10 holes, of 19 mm diameter for ventilation, the upper part
comprises a ventilation opening 12,7 mm high all around.
The chamber rests on four legs 10 mm high. On one side, the chamber may include an orifice for the
introduction of the trimmed test specimen, on the opposite side, an opening provides an entry for the gas inlet
pipe. The melted material is collected in a tray placed at the bottom of the chamber between the ventilation
holes without covering them.
During the actual test, this combustion chamber must be placed in an enclosure at a temperature of
-1
23C 5C and an air speed V < 0,05 m s ; it may be placed under a laboratory hood (3.12.) designed to
evacuate the combustion fumes.

OR : 01/10/1977 E: 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

2/15

3.2. SAMPLE HOLDER


The sample holder consists of two metal plates in the form of a U or frames in corrosion resistant material (see
Appendix 2).
The lower plate carries dowels, the upper plate carries corresponding locating holes to ensure that the test
specimen is fixed securely the dowels are also used as reference marks for measuring the start and finish of the
combustion.
The lower part of the test specimen must be at a distance of 178 mm above the base plate. The distance The
distance between the front edge of the test specimen and the end of the chamber must be 22 mm.
3.3. GRILLE
Optional grille for the application of regulation FMVSS-No302.
The use of the grille is mandatory for the application of the norme NF ISO 3795.
This grille consists of a sample holder (3.2.) and heat resistant wires of 0,25 mm extended across the sample
holder at 25 mm intervals (see Appendix 3)
3.4. GAS BURNER
The small source of flames is represented by a Bunsen burner of 9.5 mm

+0,5
0

mm internal diameter.

This burner is placed in the combustion chamber so that the centre of the nozzle is 19 mm 1 mm below the
centre of the lower edge of the test specimen.
3.5. TEST GAS
The gas supplied to the burner must have a calorific value of approximately 38 MJ/m 3 (for example natural gas).
3.6. CONDITIONED ENCLOSURE
at 23C 2C and 50% 5% relative humidity.
3.7. CHRONOMETER.
Two chronometers, accurate to 0,5 s, for the application of norme NF ISO 3795 or accurate to 1 s in other
cases.
3.8. MEASURING INSTRUMENT,
rule accurate to 0,5 mm.
3.9. OVEN WITH CIRCULATING AIR,
capable of reaching a temperature of 100C 2C or any other temperature specified by the manufacturer for
ageing.
3.10. HUMID OVEN,
regulated to 40C 2C and 95% 5% relative humidity.
3.11. METAL COMB
with 7 to 8 teeth, with rounded points, every 25 millimetres and a length of at least 110 mm.

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

3/15

3.12. OPTIONAL HOOD


3.12.1. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE HOOD FOR THE APPLICATION OF NORME NF ISO 3795
The combustion chamber may be placed under a laboratory hood providing that the internal volume of this hood
is at least 20 times, but no more than 110 times greater than the volume of the combustion chamber and that
none of the dimensions (height, width or depth) is 2,5 times greater than either of the other two.
Before the test, the vertical air speed under the hood is measured at 100 mm from the front and rear of the
location anticipated for the combustion chamber.
It must be between 0,10 m/s and 0,30 m/s (or any other value stipulated by the legislation of the country), so as
to avoid any possible hindrance to the operator with the combustion products.
The hood, adjusted in this manner, operates during the test. It is possible to use a naturally ventilated hood with
the appropriate air speed.
If these conditions are not met, the hood must not be operated.
3.12.2 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE HOOD FOR THE APPLICATION OF REGULATION FMVSS-No302
There are no specific requirements linked to hood.
-1
However, during the test there must be no air currents in the chamber of V < 0,05 m s .
Vair between 0,1 m/s-1.and 0,3 m/s-1

4. PREPARATIONS OF TEST SPECIMENS


Test single or composite materials all or part of which are to be found less than a depth of 13 mm from the
passenger compartment.
Any material that does not adhere to another material at each point of contact is tested alone.
Any material that does adhere to another (other) material(s) at all points of contact is tested with the other
material(s), as a composite.
4.1. CUT OUT THE TEST SPECIMENS
356 mm x 100 0+2 mm from the material to be tested (see Appendix 4).
For test specimens to be subjected to ageing(4.10.), age the material and cut out the test specimen after
ageing. This allows for any potential shrinkage.
4.2. FOR REGULATION FMVSS-No302
When the available length is less than 356 mm, use the available length, on a width of 102 mm.
When the available width is less than 102 mm, use the available width, on a length of 356 mm.
In cases to the contrary, see 4.5.
For norme NF ISO 3795 :
When the form and dimensions of a product do not allow the sampling of a test specimen with the dimensions
given, it is necessary to comply with the following minimum dimensions :
For test specimens with a width between 3 mm and 60 mm, the length must be 356 mm. In this case,
the material is tested on the width of the product.

For test specimens with a width between 60 mm and 102 mm, the length must be at least 140 mm. In
this case, the available combustion distance corresponds to the length of the test specimen, the
measurement commencing at the first reference mark.

Test specimens of a width less than 60 mm and a length less than 356 mm, as well as those with a
width between 60 mm and 100 0+2 mm, but with a length less than 138 mm, and those with a width of
less than 3 mm, cannot be tested by this method.

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

4/15

4.3. THICKNESS OF THE TEST SPECIMEN


It is that of the single or composite material, except where this is greater than 13 mm.
In this case, the material is slit in such a way as to give a thickness of 13 mm measured from the surface
nearest to the passenger compartment.
Explanatory example

Material A has a contact surface not adhering to that of material B and is tested separately. One section of
material B is, at the most, 13 mm from the space constituting the passenger compartment and materials B and
C adhere to each of the contact points; therefore B and C are tested as a composite material. The cut is made
in the material, as shown in the above figure, so as to obtain a test specimen 13 mm thick.
4.4. WHEN IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO OBTAIN A FLAT TEST SPECIMEN
because the part being tested is curved, cut out the test specimen so that its thickness does not exceed13 mm
at any point.

4.5 IN THE CASE WHERE THE PART


to be tested is too small for application of FMVSS-No302 the test can be carried out on an additional test
specimen : representative in terms of material, process, colour, etc.
Produce a test specimen with an identical composition to the constituent(s) of the part,
the length of which must be 356 mm, the width 100 0+2 mm
and a thickness equal to the maximum thickness of the part, within the limit of 13 mm.
4.6. IN THE CASE OF A HOMOGENEOUS OR ISOTROPIC MATERIAL
select a minimum of 3 test specimens (5 test specimens for norme NF ISO 3795).
In the case of an anisotropic material, take a series of 3 test specimens minimum (5 test specimens for norme
NF ISO 3795) in the longitudinal direction and a series of 3 test specimens minimum (5 test specimens for
norme NF ISO 3795) in the transverse direction.
4.7. WHEN THE MATERIAL
has a velour surface, place it on a flat surface and comb it twice against nap with the comb (3.11).

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

5/15

4.8. ON EACH TEST SPECIMEN AND/OR ON THE METAL SUPPORT,


draw a reference line 38 mm from one end of the test specimen and a second reference line 254 mm from the
first, when the dimensions of the test specimen allow it.
4.9. IN GENERAL,
condition the test specimens in the enclosure (3.6.) for a minimum of 24 hours.
In the case of highly hygroscopic materials, the conditioning may be extended to 72 hours.
4.10. CARRY OUT, IF SPECIFIED BY THE MANUFACTURER, THE FOLLOWING AGEING CYCLES :

100 h at 100C 2C in the oven (3.9.) for the first series,

100 h at 40C 2C and 95% 2% relative humidity in the oven (3.10.) for the second series,

or any other condition specified by the manufacturer.


Condition as indicated in 4.9., sample the two series of combustible test specimens, then burn according to
the following method of operation (see 5.).

5. METHOD OF OPERATION
This method of operation applies to new or aged test specimens, according to the requirements of the
manufacturer.
In the case of USA regulation FMVSS-No302, carry out the test without the grille. If the test specimen has a
tendency to sag, do the test again with the grille and take into account this last result.
5.1. PLACE THE TEST SPECIMEN IN THE SAMPLE HOLDER (3.2.),
according to Appendix 5, so that the two sides and one end are held by the arms of the sample holder, and so
that the free end is where the first idenification line is drawn, in conformity with Appendix 2; the surface of the
test specimen which is closest to the passenger compartment must be turned towards the base.
When both faces are close to the passenger compartment, each face must be tested.
Place the whole assembly in the centre of the combustion chamber (3.1.). Check that the test specimen is
actually horizontal.
Adjust the Bunsen burner (3.4.) so that the height of the flame is 38 mm. The burner air inlet is closed.
The flame must burn for 1 min in order to stabilise, before the commencement of the test.
Start the chronometer (3.7.) when the test specimen is in contact with the flame, extinguish it at the end of 15
seconds.
Note : Check the time taken between the cutting off of the gas and the extinction of the flame.
5.2. START THE SECOND CHRONOMETER
when the front of the flame reaches the first reference mark 38 mm from the free end. Observe the propagation
of the flame front on the face that burns quickest (upper or lower face). Note the time t (in seconds) necessary
for the flame front to reach the second reference mark 254 mm from the first.
Note all peculiarities in the combustion of the material, such as flash on the surface, irregular propagation,
slow combustion, combustion with fumes, formation of droplets, different combustion speeds in the different
layers of the test specimen, separation of the layers, etc.
5.3. IF THE FLAME IS EXTINGUISHED NATURALLY
before the second reference mark, determine the time t for this combustion. Using the rule (3.8.) measure length L
of the test specimen which has been burnt (in millimetres), which means the greatest distance travelled by the
flame front starting from the first reference mark.
Note also all the peculiarities of combustion.
OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

6/15

5.4. IF THE FLAME IS EXTINGUISHED NATURALLY


before the first reference mark, note this fact.
5.5. IN THE CASE OF THE MATERIAL
splitting during the preparation of the test specimen, do not take into consideration the flame front spreading over
the surface thus created by the cutting out.
5.6. DURING A SERIES OF TESTS
or when repeating a test, ensure that the combustion chamber and the sample holder are at a maximum
temperature of 30C before the start of the following test.

6. EXPRESSION OF RESULTS
6.1. TYPE OF COMBUSTION

Non combustible
Type A : the material refuses to burn or else is extinguished as soon as the flame front is no longer in
contact with the Bunsen burner.

Self- Extinguishable
Type B : The material burns, but the combustion stops before the flame as reached the first
reference mark.
Type C : The material burns, but ceases to burn less than 60 seconds after starting the chronometer,
and has not burnt more than 50 millimetres from the first reference mark.
Type D : The material burns, but the flame is extinguished between the two reference
marks, except in the preceding case.

Combustible
Type E : The combustion continues as far as the second reference mark.

6.2. SPEED OF COMBUSTION


Calculate as shown below the combustion speeds for types D and E and take the most unfavourable result
obtained with a series of new and aged test specimens, in both length and width (material anisotropic) with one
face or the other (material with both faces exposed).

If combustion has reached the second reference mark, type E, the combustion speed V, expressed in
millimetres per minute (mm/min) for each test specimen is obtained by means of the following formula :
60
V = 254 .
t

where : t = duration of the combustion, in seconds, to burn 254 mm (distance between reference marks).

If the combustion has stopped before the second reference mark, type D or if the size of the sample
nd
does not allow the application of the 2 . reference mark at 254 mm from the first, the combustion
speed V, expressed in millimetres per minute (mm/min) is obtained by means of the following formula :
60
V ' = L.
t'

where : L = burnt length, in millimetres


t = duration of the combustion of length L, in seconds.

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

7/15

7. TEST REPORT
As well as the results obtained, the test report must indicate :

the reference to this mthode,

the reference of the material tested and the name of the Supplier,

the dimensions of the test specimen, if it is different from the values shown in 4.1.,

the duration of the conditioning,

the ageing conditions, if they are different from those shown in 4.10.,

the test results on each test specimen : type and speed of combustion, the longitudinal or lateral
direction and any peculiarities of the combustion,

indicate the conformity to norme NF ISO 3795 or regulation FMVSS-No302 (for the hood, the number of
test specimens and the chronometer).

the operating details not specified in the method as well as any possible incidents likely to have
affected the results.

Note :
Use the test report in Appendix 5, if specified in the validation drawings or technical record sheets.
The test report must be kept for a minimum of 10 years. Archived test reports may be consulted by
interested parties.

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

8/15

Appendix 1 (1/2)
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (3.1.)

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

9/15

Appendix 1 (2/2)
COMBUSTION CHAMBER (3.1.)

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

10/15

Appendix 2
SAMPLE HOLDER (3.2.)

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

11/15

Appendix 3
EXAMPLE OF A U-SHAPED FRAME SECTION
LOWER PART DESIGNED FOR EQUIPMENT
WITH SUPPORT WIRES

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

12/15

Appendix 4
TEST SPECIMEN

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

13/15

Appendix 5 (1/2)
INTERIOR MATERIALS FLAME RESISTANT
TEST REPORT
Record number :

Test date :

Record number :

Test date :

Test
location :
Test site :

Laboratory name
Laboratory name

Nom de loprateur :
Tested by :
1/ Rfrence PSA PEUGEOT CITRON dont provient
lchantillon :
Sample originating from PSA PEUGEOT CITRON
parts reference :

Dsignation Pice :

Type de vhicule dans lequel le matriau est utilis :


Type of vehicle in which the interior material is used :

Rfrence Fournisseur :
Supplier Reference

Part description :

Nom du Fournisseur de la pice :


Parts suppliers name :

Nom du responsable Fournisseur :


Suppliers manager name :

2/ Matriaux tester :
Material to be tested :
Matire :

__________________

Material :

__________________

Dimension de
lprouvette tester :
Test specimen
dimensions :

Nom du Fournisseur
matire :
Material suppliers
name :

Longueur :

mm

__________________
__________________

Largeur :

Length :

Nom commercial de la
matire
Commercial name of
material

mm

__________________
__________________

Epaisseur :

Width :

mm

Thickness :

3/ Conditions dessais :
Test conditions :
Temprature et taux dhumidit pendant
la prparation de lprouvette :
Temperature and relative humidity during
test specimen preconditionning :

Max.

____C

Min.

____C :

Max.

_____%

Min.

_____%

Max.

____C

Min.

____C :

Max.

_____%

Min.

_____%

Temprature et taux dhumidit pendant


le test dinflammabilit:
Temperature and relative humidity during
burning test :

Max.

____C

Min.

____C :

Max.

_____%

Min.

_____%

Max.

____C

Min.

____C :

Max.

_____%

Min.

_____%

Temps de trempage :
Soaking time :

_______Heures
_______Hours

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

Tenue par fil :


Holding with wires :

Oui / Non
Used / Not used

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

14/15

Appendix 5 (2/2)
INTERIOR MATERIALS FLAME RESISTANT
TEST REPORT (continued)
4 / Rsultats des tests :
Test results :
Numro de
lchantillon
Test specimen
Number

Valeurs mesure
Measured Values
Longueur brle (mm)
Temps (sec)
Length of burnt portion (mm)
Burning time (sec)

Taux
dinflammabilit
Burn rate
(mm/min)

Valeur maximale pour


le taux dinflammabilit
Maximum burn rate
value

Remarques
Remarks

1
2
3
4
5

Cas particuliers - Particular cases :


Quand lchantillon ne brle pas, entrer - dans la colonne VALEURS MESUREE et O dans la
colonne TAUX D' INFLAMMABILITE.
When test specimen does not burn, enter - in column MEASURED VALUES and O in the BURN
RATE column.
Quand lchantillon arrte de brler avant que les 60 secondes soient coules, et que la longueur brle
est de moins de 50 mm, marquer - dans les colonnes VALEURS MESUREES et TAUX
DINFLAMMABILITE.
When test specimen stops burning before 60 seconds have elapsed and the length of burnt portion is
less than 50 mm, - mark shall be entered in both the MEASURED VALUES and BURN RATE columns.
Entrer la valeur maximale parmi les taux dinflammabilit des chantillon dans la colonne VALEUR
MAXIMALE DU TAUX DINFLAMMABILITE. Cependant, crire non combustibilit si la colonne TAUX
D' INFLAMMABILITE contient uniquement des O et entrer proprit auto-extingible si la colonne
TAUX D' INFLAMMABILITE contient uniquement des marques -. Entrer proprit auto-extingible
si la colonne TAUX D' INFLAMMABILITE contient la fois des O et des -.
Enter the maximum value among the burn rates of the specimens in the MAXIMUM VALUE OF BURN
RATE column. However, enter non combustible if the BURN RATE column contains only O marks.
Enter self extinguishing property if the BURN RATE column contains only - marks. Enter self
extinguishing property if the BURN RATE column contains both O and - marks.
Signature du responsable Fournisseur
Suppliers manager signature

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

Tampon du Fournisseur ou du laboratoire


Laboratory or suppliers stamp

General use

PSA PEUGEOT - CITROEN

HORIZONTAL COMBUSTIBILITY INT MATERIALS PASSENGER CPT

D45 1333

15/15

8. RECORDS AND REFERENCE DOCUMENTS


8.1. RECORDS
8.1.1. CREATION
OR : 01/10/1977 CREATION OF THE NORME.
8.1.2. SUBJECT OF THE MODIFICATION
E : 03/12/2003 APPENDIX 5 ADDED FLAME RESISTANT TEST REPORT - WORKING GROUP
PSA /RSA/RVI.
D : 26/09/2001 CHANGE TO THE METHODE DESSAI WORKING GROUP PSA/RSA/RVI.
8.2. REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
8.2.1.PSA DOCUMENTS
8.2.1.1 Normes
8.2.1.2. Others
8.2.2. EXTERNAL DOCUMENTS
8.3. EQUIVALENT TO :
REND451333

8.4. CONFORMS TO :
NF ISO 3795

VEHICULES ROUTIERS ET TRACTEURS ET MATERIEL AGRICOLE ET


FORESTIERS DETERMINATION DES CHARACTERISTICS DE COMBUSTION DES
MATERIAUX INTERIEURS.

FMVSS-No302 NORME DE SECURITE FEDERALE POUR VEHICULES AUTOMOBILES


INFLAMMABILITE DES MATERIAUX.

8.5. KEY-WORDS

OR : 01/10/1977 E : 03/12/2003

General use

Centres d'intérêt liés